Biographies

Blackstone: A Memoir by Sharswood

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Sir William Blackstone

Source: Sir William Blackstone, Commentaries on the Laws of England in Four Books. Notes selected from the editions of Archibold, Christian, Coleridge, Chitty, Stewart, Kerr, and others,…

Burke: A Biographical Note

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Edmund Burke

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Edmund Burke

Source: Introduction to Select Works of Edmund Burke. A New Imprint of the Payne Edition. Foreword and Biographical Note by Francis Canavan (Indianapolis:…

Chaucer’s Life by Walter Skeat

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Geoffrey Chaucer

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Geoffrey Chaucer

Source: The Complete Works of Geoffrey Chaucer, edited from numerous manuscripts by the Rev. Walter W. Skeat (2nd ed.) (Oxford:…

Cicero’s Life and Politics

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Cicero

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Cicero

Source: Introduction to The Political Works of Marcus Tullius Cicero: Comprising his Treatise on the Commonwealth; and his Treatise on the Laws.

Clinton, George (1739–1812)

Quentin P. Taylor (contributor)

Source: This biographical essay was written by Quentin Taylor, Resident Scholar (2008-2009), Liberty Fund, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana.

Copyright: The copyright is held by Liberty Fund, Inc.

Fair Use: This material is put…

Desiderius Erasmus (1469-1536)

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Erasmus

Source: Introduction to Erasmus in Praise of Folly, illustrated with many curious cuts, designed, drawn, and etched by Hans Holbein, with portrait, life of Erasmus, and his epistle to Sir Thomas More

Dicey: His Life & Law of the Constitution

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A.V. Dicey

Source: Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution, ed. Roger E. Michener (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund 1982).

Foreword by Roger E. Michener

Very few jurists ever put forward doctrines of…

Étienne Bonnot, Abbé de Condillac (1714-1780)

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Étienne Bonnot, Abbé de Condillac

Source: Commerce and Government Considered in their Mutual Relationship, translated by Shelagh Eltis, with an Introduction to His Life and Contribution to Economics by Shelagh…

François Guizot (1787-1874)

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François Guizot

Source: François Guizot, General History of Civilization in Europe by François Pierre Guillaume Guizot, edited, with critical and supplementary notes, by George Wells Knight (New York: D Appleton…

Guyot, Yves (1843-1928)

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Works by Yves Guyot School of Thought: 19thC French Liberalism

Source: The Tyranny of Socialism, ed. J.H. Levy (London: Swan Sonnenschein and Co., 1894).

INTRODUCTION BIOGRAPHICAL AND CRITICAL. BY J.H. LEVY

In

Harrington’s Life by John Toland

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James Harrington John Toland

Source: John Toland's Introduction to The Oceana and Other Works of James Harrington, with an Account of His Life by John Toland (London: Becket and Cadell, 1771).

THE LIFE OF JAMES…
Hooker’s Life by Isaac Walton

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Richard Hooker

Source: The Works of that Learned and Judicious Divine Mr. Richard Hooker with an Account of His Life and Death by Isaac Walton. Arranged by the Rev. John Keble MA. 7th edition revised by the Very…

Humboldt, Wilhelm von (1767-1835)

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The Sphere and Duties of Government John Stuart Mill

This essay first appeared in the New Individualist Review, vol. 1, no. 1, April 1961 published by the University of Chicago chapter of the Intercollegiate…

Hume’s Life written by Himself

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David Hume

Source: Hume's The History of England from the Invasion of Julius Caesar to the Revolution in 1688, Foreword by William B. Todd, 6 vols. (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund 1983). Vol. 1.

THE LIFE OF DAVID…
Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)

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Immanuel Kant

Source: Translator's Biography in Kant’s Prolegomena and Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science, trans. with a Biography and Introduction by Ernest Belfort Bax (2nd revised edition) (London:…

Kalidasa: Life and Works

Source: Introduction to Translations of Shakuntala and Other Works, by Arthur W. Ryder (London: J.M. Dent, 1920).

INTRODUCTION . KALIDASA—HIS LIFE AND WRITINGS

Kalidasa probably lived in the fifth century of the Christian era.…

Life & Works of Richard Cantillon by Henry Higgs

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Richard Cantillon Henry Higgs

Source: Appendix to Cantillon's Essai sur la Nature du Commerce en General, edited with an English translation and other material by Henry Higgs, C.B. Reissued for The Royal Economic…

Life of Goethe

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Goethe

Source: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Goethe’s Works, illustrated by the best German artists, 5 vols. (Philadelphia: G. Barrie, 1885). Vol. 1. The Life of Goethe BY HJALMAR H. BOYESEN, PH.D.

Copyright:…

Locke, John (1632-1704)

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Works by John Locke

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John Locke

Source: Editor's Life in The Works of John Locke in Nine Volumes, (London: Rivington, 1824 12th ed.). Vol. 1.

THE LIFE OF THE AUTHOR.

Mr. John Locke was the son…

Locke: A Life

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John Locke

Source: Editor's Introduction to The Works of John Locke in Nine Volumes, (London: Rivington, 1824 12th ed.). Vol. 1.

THE LIFE OF THE AUTHOR.

Mr. John Locke was the son of John Locke, of Pensford, a…

Mackay, Thomas (1849-1912)

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Thomas Mackay

David M. Hart, Thomas Mackay (1849-1912)

Thomas Mackay (1849-1912) was a successful English wine merchant who retired early from business so he could devote himself entirely to the study of economic…

Mahabharata

Source: Translator's Epilogue to the Maha-bharata, The Ramayana and the Mahabharata condensed into English Verse by Romesh C. Dutt (London: J.M. Dent, 1917).

TRANSLATOR’S EPILOGUE

ANCIENT India, like ancient Greece, boasts of…

Mandeville: His Life and Work

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Works by Bernard de Mandevile

Source: Editor's Introduction to Mandeville's The Fable of the Bees or Private Vices, Publick Benefits, 2 vols. With a Commentary Critical, Historical, and Explanatory by F.B. Kaye…

Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet (1743-1794)

David M. Hart (contributor)

David M. Hart, "Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas Caritat, marquis de Condorcet (1743-1794)"

Condorcet was born in Ribemont, Picardy on September 17, 1743 and died in Bourg-la-Reine on March 29, 1794. He was a mathematician, a philosophe…

Mencius: A Life

Source: Mencius, The Chinese Classics: Translated into English with Preliminary Essays and Explanatory Notes by James Legge. Vol. 2 The Life and Teachings of Mencius. (London: N. Trübner, 1875). Chapter: SECTION I.: LIFE OF…

Milton, John (1608-1674)

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Works by John Milton

Source: Areopagitica, with a Commentary by Sir Richard C. Jebb and with Supplementary Material (Cambridge at the University Press, 1918).

LIFE OF MILTON1

Milton’s life falls into these…

Montaigne: A Sketch

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Montaigne

Source: Life and Letters of Montaigne with Notes and Index, vol. 10, trans. Charles Cotton, revised by William Carew Hazlett (New York: Edwin C. Hill, 1910).

SKETCH OF THE LIFE OF MONTAIGNE BY WILLIAM…
Murray Rothbard on Herbert Hoover

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Murray N. Rothbard

Source: New Individualist Review, editor-in-chief Ralph Raico, introduction by Milton Friedman (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1981). Chapter: MURRAY N. ROTHBARD, Herbert Clark Hoover: A…

Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527)

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Niccolo Machiavelli

Source: The editor's introduction to The Historical, Political, and Diplomatic Writings of Niccolo Machiavelli, tr. from the Italian, by Christian E. Detmold (Boston, J. R. Osgood and company,…

North, Sir Dudley (1641-1691)

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Source: This biographical information comes from the editor's notes to Commerce, Culture, and Liberty: Readings on Capitalism before Adam Smith, ed. Henry C. Clark (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2003).

Dudley North was…

Penn: Life and Times and Work

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Works by William Penn

Source: Introduction to The Political Writings of William Penn, introduction and annotations by Andrew R. Murphy (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2002).

INTRODUCTION. William Penn: His Life, His…
Petrarch

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Petrarch

Source: Introduction to Some Love Songs of Petrarch, translated and annotated with a Biographical Introduction by William Dudley Foulke (Oxford University Press, 1915).

INTRODUCTION AND BIOGRAPHY

His…
Petty’s Life and Economic Thought

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William Petty

Source: Extracts from the Introduction to Petty's The Economic Writings of Sir William Petty, together with The Observations upon Bills of Mortality, more probably by Captain John Graunt, ed. Charles…

Plutarch’s Own Life

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Plutarch Subject Area: History

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Plutarch

Source: Preface to Plutarch’s Lives. The Translation called Dryden’s. Corrected from the Greek and Revised by A.H. Clough, in 5 volumes…

Plutarch’s Parallel Lives

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For more books by Plutarch.

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Plutarch was one of the authors highly regarded by Pierre Goodrich, the founder of Liberty Fund, who included his name on the wall of the Goodrich Semiar Room at Wabash…

Pope, Alexander: A Biographical Sketch

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Alexander Pope

Source: The Complete Poetical Works of Alexander Pope. Cambridge Edition, ed. Henry W. Boynton (Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin and Co., 1903). BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH.

Copyright: The text is in…

Price, Richard (1723-1791)

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Edmund Burke

This information about Richard Price comes from Ellis Sandoz's introduction to his sermon "On the Love of one's Country" in vol. II of Political Sermons of the American Founding Era, 1730-1805:

Raico on Benjamin Constant

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Ralph Raico Benjamin Constant

Source: New Individualist Review, editor-in-chief Ralph Raico, introduction by Milton Friedman (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1981). Chapter: RALPH RAICO, GREAT INDIVIDUALISTS OF THE…

Raico on Wilhelm von Humboldt

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Ralph Raico Wilhelm von Humboldt

Source: New Individualist Review, editor-in-chief Ralph Raico, introduction by Milton Friedman (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1981). Chapter: RALPH RAICO, GREAT INDIVIDUALISTS OF THE…

Randolph, John (1773-1833)

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St. George Tucker John Taylor

Source: This biographical essay was written by Quentin Taylor, Resident Scholar (2008-2009), Liberty Fund, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana.

Copyright: The copyright is held by Liberty…

Robinson, John: A Memoir

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John Robinson

Source: The Works of John Robinson, Pastor of the Pilgrim Fathers, with a Memoir and Annotations by Robert Ashton, 3 vols (London: John Snow, 1851). Vol. 1.

MEMOIR OF REV. JOHN ROBINSON.

SECTION…

Rothbard on Mencken

Source: New Individualist Review, editor-in-chief Ralph Raico, introduction by Milton Friedman (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1981). Chapter: MURRAY N. ROTHBARD, H. L. Mencken: The Joyous Libertarian

Copyright: The copyright to…

Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626)

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Sir Francis Bacon

Source: The Advancement of Learning, by Lord Bacon, edited by Joseph Devey, M.A. (New York: P.F. Collier and Son, 1901).

FRANCIS BACON

Francis Bacon, one of the greatest names in English…

Stael: Life and Works

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Germaine de Staël

Source: Germaine de Staël, Considerations on the Principle Events of the French Revolution, newly revised translation of the 1818 English edition, edited, with an introduction and notes by…

Sumner: A Sketch

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William Graham Sumner

Source: Editors' Introduction to Sumner's The Challenge of Facts and other Essays, ed. Albert Galloway Keller (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1914).

SKETCH OF WILLIAM GRAHAM SUMNER1
Thierry, Augustin (1795-1856)

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Augustin Thierry

Source: Augustin Thierry, History of the Conquest of England by the Normans; Its Causes, and its Consequences, in England, Scotland, Ireland, & on the Continent, translated from the seventh…

Tucker, Benjamin (1854-1939)

Source: Editorial in Literature of Liberty, Autumn 1981, vol. 4, No. 3

Vattel: Life and Works

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Emer de Vattel

Source: Emer de Vattel, The Law of Nations, Or, Principles of the Law of Nature, Applied to the Conduct and Affairs of nations and Sovereigns, with Three Early Essays on the Origin and Nature of…

Voltaire: Incidents in his Life

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Voltaire

Source: The Works of Voltaire. A Contemporary Version. A Critique and Biography by John Morley, notes by Tobias Smollett, trans. William F. Fleming (New York: E.R. DuMont, 1901). In 21 vols. Vol. 1.

Walter Bagehot, a memoir by Richard Holt Hutton

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Walter Bagehot

Source: Walter Bagehot, The Works and Life of Walter Bagehot, ed. Mrs. Russell Barrington. The Works in Nine Volumes. The Life in One Volume. (London: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1915). Vol. 1.…

Washington: Marshall’s Life

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George Washington

Source: John Marshall's The Life of George Washington. Special Edition for Schools, ed. Robert Faulkner and Paul Carrese (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2000).

FOREWORD

While there are other good…

William Brough and Gresham’s Law

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The Natural Law of Money

Source: This biographical essay was originally written by Lauren Landsburg, the Editor of the Library of Economics and Liberty (Econlib) and it can be found here. Special thanks to George…

Young, Arthur (1741-1820)

Arthur Young (1741-1820) was an 18th century English writer who is best known for the detailed accounts he published of his "travels" in England, Wales, Ireland and France on the eve of the revolution. After he inherited his father's…
Young, Arthur: A Biographical Sketch

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Arthur Young

Source: Arthur Young’s Travels in France during the Years 1787, 1788, 1789, ed. Miss Betham-Edwards (London: George Bell and Sons, 1909).

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH by Matilda Betham-Edwards

ARTHUR YOUNG…