Characteristicks of Men, Manners, Opinions, Times, vol. 3
The Liberty Fund edition of Characteristicks presents the complete 1732 text of this classic work of philosophy and political theory. Also included are faithful reproductions of the stirring engravings that Shaftesbury created to facilitate the reader’s consideration of his meditations on the interrelationships among truth, goodness, beauty, virtue, liberty, responsibility, society, and the state.
Characteristicks of Men, Manners, Opinions, Times, ed. Douglas den Uyl (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2001). 3 vols. Vol. 3.
The copyright to this edition, in both print and electronic forms, is held by Liberty Fund, Inc.
- Characteristicks of Men, Manners, Opinions, Times, 3 vols. (Anthony Ashley Cooper, Earl of Shaftesbury)
Table of Contents
- Miscellaneous Reflections
- MISCELLANY I
- Chap. 1.CHAPTER I: Of the Nature, Rise, and Establishment of Miscellanys.——The Subject of these which follow.——Intention of the Writer.
- Chap. 2.CHAPTER II: Of Controversial Writings: Answers: Replies.—Polemick Divinity; or the Writing Church-Militant.—Philosophers, and Bear-Garden.—Authors pair’d and match’d.—The Match-makers.—Foot-Ball.—A Dialogue between our Author and his Bookseller.
- Chap. 3.CHAPTER III: Of the Letter concerning Enthusiasm.—Foreign Criticks.—Of Letters in general; and of the Epistolary Style.—Addresses to great Men.—Authors and Horsemanship.—The modern Amble.—Further Explanation of the Miscellaneous Manner.
- MISCELLANY II
- Chap. 1.CHAPTER I: Review of Enthusiasm.—Its Defense, Praise:—Use in Business as well as Pleasure:—Operation by Fear, Love.—Modifications of Enthusiasm: Magnanimity; Heroick Virtue; Honour; Publick Zeal; Religion; Superstition; Persecution; Martyrdom.—Energy of the extatick Devotion in the Tender Sex.—Account of antient Priesthood.—Religious War.—Reference to a succeeding Chapter.
- Chap. 2.CHAPTER II: Judgment of Divines and grave Authors concerning Enthusiasm.—Reflections upon Scepticism.—A Sceptick-Christian.—Judgment of the Inspir’d concerning their own Inspirations.—Knowledg and Belief.—History of Religion resum’d.—Zeal Offensive and Defensive.—A Church in Danger.—Persecution.—Policy of the Church of Rome.
- Chap. 3.CHAPTER III: Of the Force of Humour in Religion.—Support of our Author’s Argument in his Essay on the Freedom of Wit and Raillery.—Zeal discuss’d. Spiritual Surgeons: Executioners: Carvers.—Original of human Sacrifice.—Exhilaration of Religion.—Various Aspects, from outward Causes.
- MISCELLANY III
- Chap. 1.CHAPTER I: Further Remarks on the Author of the Treatises.—His Order and Design.—His Remarks on the Succession of Wit, and Progress of Letters, and Philosophy.—Of Words, Relations, Affections.—Country-Men and Country.—Old England.—Patriots of the Soil.—Virtuosi, and Philosophers.—A Taste.
- Chap. 2.CHAPTER II: Explanation of a Taste continu’d.—Ridiculers of it.—Their Wit, and Sincerity.—Application of the Taste to Affairs of Government and Politicks.—Imaginary Characters in the State.—Young Nobility, and Gentry.—Pursuit of Beauty.—Preparation for Philosophy.
- MISCELLANY IV
- Chap. 1.CHAPTER I: Connexion and Union of the Subject-Treatises.—Philosophy in form.—Metaphysicks.—Ego-ity. Identity.—Moral Footing.—Proof and Discipline of the Fancys. Settlement of Opinion.—Anatomy of the Mind.—A Fable.
- Chap. 2.CHAPTER II: Passage from Terra Incognita to the visible World.—Mistress-ship of Nature.—Animal-Confederacy, Degrees, Subordination.—Master-Animal Man. Privilege of his Birth.—Serious Countenance of the Author.
- MISCELLANY V
- Chap. 1.CHAPTER I: Ceremonial adjusted, between Author and Reader.—Affectation of Precedency in the former.—Various Claim to Inspiration.—Bards; Prophets: Sibylline Scripture.—Written Oracles; in Verse and Prose.—Common Interest of antient Letters, and Christianity.—State of Wit, Elegance, and Correctness.—Poetick Truth.—Preparation for Criticism on our Author, in his concluding Treatise.
- Chap. 2.CHAPTER II: Generation and Succession of our national and modern Wit.—Manners of the Proprietors.—Corporation and Joint-Stock—Statute against Criticism. A Coffee-House Committee.—Mr. Bays.—Other Bays’s in Divinity.—Censure of our Author’s Dialogue-Piece; and of the Manner of Dialogue-Writing, us’d by Reverend Wits.
- Chap. 3.CHAPTER III: Of Extent or Latitude of Thought.—Free-Thinkers.—Their Cause, and Character.—Dishonesty, a Half-Thought.—Short-Thinking, Cause of Vice and Bigotry.—Agreement of Slavery and Superstition.—Liberty, civil, moral, spiritual.—Free-thinking Divines.—Representatives incognito.—Embassadors from the Moon.—Effectual Determination of Christian Controversy and Religious Belief.
- THE Judgment of Hercules
- Chap. 1.CHAPTER I: Of the general Constitution or Ordonnance of the Tablature
- Chap. 2.CHAPTER II: Of the First or Principal Figure
- Chap. 3.CHAPTER III: Of the Second Figure
- Chap. 4.CHAPTER IV: Of the Third Figure
- Chap. 5.CHAPTER V: Of the Ornaments of the Piece; and chiefly of the Drapery, and Perspective
- Chap. 6.CHAPTER VI: Of the Casual or Independent Ornaments
- A LETTER CONCERNING THE ART, or SCIENCE of DESIGN, Written from ITALY, On the occasion of the Judgment of Hercules, TO My Lord * * * *
- A LETTER CONCERNING DESIGN