The Chief Works of Benedict de Spinoza, vol 1
This volume contains 2 of Spinoza’s most important political works, the Theologico-Political Treatise and the posthumous Political Treatise.
The Chief Works of Benedict de Spinoza, translated from the Latin, with an Introduction by R.H.M. Elwes, vol. 1 Introduction, Tractatus-Theologico-Politicus, Tractatus Politicus. Revised edition (London: George Bell and Sons, 1891).
The text is in the public domain.
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Table of Contents
- CONTENTS OF VOL. I.
- A THEOLOGICO-POLITICAL TREATISE.
- CHAPTER I.: of prophecy.
- CHAPTER II.: of prophets.
- CHAPTER III.: of the vocation of the hebrews, and whether the gift of prophecy was peculiar to them.
- CHAPTER IV.: of the divine law.
- CHAPTER V.: of the ceremonial law.
- CHAPTER VI.: of miracles.
- CHAPTER VII.: of the interpretation of scripture.
- CHAPTER VIII.: of the authorship of the pentateuch and the other historical books of the old testament.
- CHAPTER IX.: other questions concerning the same books: namely, whether they were completely finished by ezra, and, further, whether the marginal notes which are found in the hebrew texts were various readings.
- CHAPTER X.: an examination of the remaining books of the old testament according to the preceding method.
- CHAPTER XI.: an inquiry whether the apostles wrote their epistles as apostles and prophets, or merely as teachers; and an explanation of what is meant by an apostle.
- CHAPTER XII.: of the true original of the divine law, and wherefore scripture is called sacred, and the word of god. how that, in so far as it contains the word of god, it has come down to us uncorrupted.
- CHAPTER XIII.: it is shown that scripture teaches only very simple doctrines, such as suffice for right conduct.
- CHAPTER XIV.: definitions of faith, the faith, and the foundations of faith, which is once for all separated from philosophy.
- CHAPTER XV.: theology is shown not to be subservient to reason, nor reason to theology: a definition of the reason which enables us to accept the authority of the bible.
- CHAPTER XVI.: of the foundations of a state; of the natural and civil rights of individuals; and of the rights of the sovereign power.
- CHAPTER XVII.: it is shown that no one can, or need, transfer all his rights to the sovereign power. of the hebrew republic, as it was during the lifetime of moses, and after his death, till the foundation of the monarchy; and of its excellence. lastly, of the causes why the theocratic republic fell, and why it could hardly have continued without dissension.
- CHAPTER XVIII.: from the commonwealth of the hebrews, and their history, certain political doctrines are deduced.
- CHAPTER XIX.: it is shown that the right over matters spiritual lies wholly with the sovereign, and that the outward forms of religion should be in accordance with public peace, if we would obey god aright.
- CHAPTER XX.: that in a free state every man may think what he likes, and say what he thinks.
- AUTHOR’S NOTES.
- AUTHOR’S NOTES TO THE THEOLOGICO-POLITICAL TREATISE.
- Chapter I.
- Chapter III.
- Chapter VI.
- Chapter VII.
- Chapter VIII.
- Chapter IX.
- Chapter X.
- Chapter XI.
- Chapter XV.
- Chapter XVI.
- Chapter XVII.
- Chapter XIX.
- FROM THE EDITOR’S PREFACE TO THE POSTHUMOUS WORKS OF BENEDICT DE SPINOZA.
- A POLITICAL TREATISE.
- CHAPTER I.: introduction.
- CHAPTER II.: of natural right.
- CHAPTER III.: of the right of supreme authorities.
- CHAPTER IV.: of the functions of supreme authorities.
- CHAPTER V.: of the best state of a dominion.
- CHAPTER VI.: of monarchy.
- CHAPTER VII.: of monarchy (continuation).
- CHAPTER VIII.: of aristocracy.
- CHAPTER IX.: of aristocracy. continuation.
- CHAPTER X.: of aristocracy. conclusion.
- CHAPTER XI.: of democracy.