German Liberalism

About this Collection

In the 17th, 18th and early 19th centuries a number of German liberals emerged to argue for enlightened reform, deregulation, and constitutional government. The failure to achieve these aims in the 1848 Revolution meant that German liberalism was eclipsed by nationalism, militarism, and socialism for the next 100 years.

Key People

Titles & Essays

A – Z List

History Of Scholarship And Learning. The Humanities


Philosophy (General)


Philosophy, Psychology, And Religion



Presidents, Kings, Tyrants, & Despots

Althusius argues that a political leader is bound by his oath of office which, if violated, requires his removal (1614)

Johannes Althusius