The Fable of the Bees or Private Vices, Publick Benefits, Vol. 1
Mandeville is a witty satirist who used a poem to make the profound economic point that “private vices” (or self-interest) lead to “publick benefits” (such as orderly social structures like law, language, and markets).
The Fable of the Bees or Private Vices, Publick Benefits, 2 vols. With a Commentary Critical, Historical, and Explanatory by F.B. Kaye (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1988). Vol. 1.
The copyright to this edition, in both print and electronic forms, is held by Liberty Fund, Inc.
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Table of Contents
- PREFATORY NOTE ON THE METHOD OF THIS EDITION
- I. The Explanatory and Historical Annotations
- II. The Text
- THE CONTENTS
- LIFE OF MANDEVILLE 1
- II: HISTORY OF THE TEXT 1
- III: MANDEVILLE’S THOUGHT
- § 1
- § 2
- § 3
- § 4
- § 5
- § 6
- § 7
- IV: THE BACKGROUND
- § 1
- § 2
- V: MANDEVILLE’S INFLUENCE
- § 1
- § 2
- § 3
- § 4
- Note on the phrase ‘Private Vices, Publick Benefits’
- THE PREFACEEdition: orig; Page: [iii]
- Edition: orig; Page: The Grumbling Hive: o r, Knaves turn’d Honest.a
- Edition: orig; Page: THE MORAL.
- Edition: orig; Page: THE INTRODUCTION.
- Edition: orig; Page: AN ENQUIRY Into the ORIGIN of MORAL VIRTUE.
- Edition: orig; Page: REMARKS.
- (A.) Whilst others follow’d Mysteries, To which few Folks bind ’Prentices: Page 3. Line 15.
- (B.) These were call’d Knaves, But bar the Name, The grave Industrious were the same: Page 4. Line 5.
- (C.) The Soldiers that were forc’d to fight, If they surviv’d, got Honour by’t: Page 6. Line 11.
- Edition: orig; Page: (E.)—— —— As your Gamesters do, Who, tho’ at fair Play, ne’er will own Before the Losers what they’ve won: Page 7. Line 18.
- (F.) And Virtue, who from Politicks Had learn’d a thousand cunning Tricks, Was, by their happy Influence, Made Friends with Vice: —— Page 9. Line 13.
- Edition: orig; Page: (G.) The worst of all the Multitude Did something for the Common Good: Page 9. Line 17.
- Edition: orig; Page: (H.) Parties directly opposite, Assist each other, as ’twere for spight: Page 10. Line 5.
- Edition: orig; Page: (I.) The Root of Evil, Avarice, That damn’d ill-natur’d baneful Vice,Was Slave to Prodigality: Page 10. Line 9.
- (K.) That noble Sin —— ——: Page 10. Line 12.
- (L.) —— —— —— While Luxury Employ’d a Million of the Poor,c.1: Page 10. Line 12.
- (M.) And odious Pride a Million more: Page 10. Line 14.
- (N.)a Envy it self, and Vanity, Were Ministers of Industry: Page 10. Line 15.
- (O.)b Real Pleasures, Comforts, Ease: Page 11. Line 12.
- (P.)a —— —— The very Poor Liv’d better than the Rich before: Page 11. Line 13.
- (Q.)b —— —— —— For frugally They now liv’d on their Salary: Page 17. Line 3.
- (R.)a No Honour now, c: Page 17. Line 17.
- (S.)a No Limner for his Art is fam’d, Stone-cutters, Carvers are not nam’d: Page 19. Line 11.
- (T.) a — —— — To live great, Had made her Husband rob the State: Page 20 Line 6.
- Edition: orig; Page: (V.)a Content, the Bane of Industry: Page 21. Line 6.
- Edition: orig; Page: (X.)a To make a Great an Honest Hive: Page 23. Line 2.
- (Y.)c T’d enjoy the World’s Conveniencies.
- Edition: orig; Page: An ESSAY on CHARITY, and Charity-Schools.
- Edition: orig; Page: A SEARCH into the Nature of Society.a
- Edition: orig; Page: THE INDEX.a1.
- A VINDICATION OF THE Book, from the Aspersions Contain’d in a Presentment of the Grand Jury of Middlesex, AND An Abusive Letter to Lord C.a1
- Edition: orig; Page: A VINDICATION OF THE BOOK,1 c.a