Historical Period: The 18th Century
Alexander Pope (1688-1744) was an English poet and satirist. As a Catholic he suffered oppression and discrimination but became one of the most revered English poets of the 18th century. He made a famous translation of Homer, was a friend and collaborator of Joseph Addison in his play Cato and the Spectator magazine, and became an ally of Lord Bolingbroke. He also edited a controversial edition of the works of Shakespeare and wrote a philosophical poem, the *Essay on Man,“ which argued that the universe was a rational place which operated under natural laws.