Kant’s Principles of Politics, including his essay on Perpetual Peace
This 1891 translation includes a number of Kant’s shorter pieces on Universal History, Political Right, Principle of Progress, and Perpetual Peace.
Kant’s Principles of Politics, including his essay on Perpetual Peace. A Contribution to Political Science, trans. W. Hastie (Edinburgh: Clark, 1891).
The text is in the public domain.
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Table of Contents
- TRANSLATOR’S INTRODUCTION
- I.: THE NATURAL PRINCIPLE OF THE POLITICAL ORDER considered in connection with THE IDEA OF A UNIVERSAL COSMOPOLITICAL HISTORY.
- THE NATURAL PRINCIPLE OF THE POLITICAL ORDER.
- FIRST PROPOSITION.
- SECOND PROPOSITION.
- THIRD PROPOSITION.
- FOURTH PROPOSITION.
- FIFTH PROPOSITION.
- SIXTH PROPOSITION.
- SEVENTH PROPOSITION.
- EIGHTH PROPOSITION.
- NINTH PROPOSITION.
- II.: THE PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL RIGHT considered in connection with THE RELATION OF THEORY TO PRACTICE IN THE RIGHT OF THE STATE.
- THE PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL RIGHT.
- III.: THE PRINCIPLE OF PROGRESS considered in connection with THE RELATION OF THEORY TO PRACTICE IN INTERNATIONAL LAW.
- THE PRINCIPLE OF PROGRESS
- PERPETUAL PEACE. A PHILOSOPHICAL ESSAY. 1795.
- ‘THE PERPETUAL PEACE.’
- First Section which contains THE PRELIMINARY ARTICLES OF A PERPETUAL PEACE BETWEEN STATES.
- 1.: ‘No conclusion of Peace shall be held to be valid as such, when it has been made with the secret reservation of the material for a future War.’
- 2.: ‘No State having an existence by itself—whether it be small or large—shall be acquirable by another State through inheritance, exchange, purchase or donation.’
- 3.: ‘Standing Armies shall be entirely abolished in the course of time.’
- 4.: ‘No National Debts shall be contracted in connection with the external affairs of the State.’
- 5.: ‘No State shall intermeddle by force with the Constitution or Government of another State.’
- 6.: ‘No State at war with another shall adopt such modes of hostility as would necessarily render mutual confidence impossible in a future Peace; such as, the employment of Assassins (percussores) or Poisoners (venefici), the violation of a Capitulation, the instigation of Treason and such like.’
- Second Section which contains THE DEFINITIVE ARTICLES OF A PERPETUAL PEACE BETWEEN STATES.
- I.: First Definitive Article in the Conditions of Perpetual Peace. ‘The Civil Constitution in every State shall be Republican.’
- II.: Second Definitive Article in the conditions of a Perpetual Peace. ‘The Right of Nations shall be founded on a Federation of Free States.’
- III.: Third Definitive Article in the conditions of a Perpetual Peace. ‘The Rights of men as Citizens of the world in a cosmo-political system, shall be restricted to conditions of universal Hospitality.’
- First Supplement. Of the Guarantee of Perpetual Peace.
- Second Supplement. Secret Article relating to Perpetual Peace.
- I: On the Discordance between Morals and Politics in reference to Perpetual Peace.
- II: Of the Accordance of Politics with Morals according to the Transcendental Conception of Public Right.