An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
One of Bentham’s most important works in which he develops his theory of ‘utility’ at considerable length and discusses how the penal system (especially punishments) could be based on this theory. One of the founding texts of the 19th century school of Utilitarianism.
An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1907).
The text is in the public domain.
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Table of Contents
- Chapter I: OF THE PRINCIPLE OF UTILITY
- Chapter II: OF PRINCIPLES ADVERSE TO THAT OF UTILITY
- Chapter III: OF THE FOUR SANCTIONS OR SOURCES OF PAIN AND PLEASURE
- Chapter IV: VALUE OF A LOT OF PLEASURE OR PAIN, HOW TO BE MEASURED
- Chapter V: PLEASURES AND PAINS, THEIR KINDS
- Chapter VI: OF CIRCUMSTANCES INFLUENCING SENSIBILITY
- Chapter VII: OF HUMAN ACTIONS IN GENERAL
- Chapter VIII: OF INTENTIONALITY
- Chapter IX: OF CONSCIOUSNESS
- Chapter X: OF MOTIVES
- sect; 1. Different senses of the word motive.1
- sect; 2. No motives either constantly good or constantly bad.
- sect; 3. Catalogue of motives corresponding to that of Pleasures and Pains.
- sect; 4. Order of pre-eminence among motives.
- sect; 5. Conflict among motives.
- Chapter XI: OF HUMAN DISPOSITIONS IN GENERAL
- Chapter XII: OF THE CONSEQUENCES OF A MISCHIEVOUS ACT
- sect;1. Shapes in which the mischief of an act may show itself.
- sect; 2. How Intentionality, c. may influence the mischief of an act.
- Chapter XIII: CASES UNMEET FOR PUNISHMENT
- sect; 1. General view of cases unmeet for punishment.
- sect; 2. Cases in which punishment is groundless.
- sect; 3. Cases in which punishment must be inefficacious
- sect; 3. Cases where punishment is unprofitable.
- sect; 3. Cases where punishment is needless.
- Chapter XIV: OF THE PROPORTION BETWEEN PUNISHMENTS AND OFFENCES
- Chapter XV: OF THE PROPERTIES TO BE GIVEN TO A LOT OF PUNISHMENT
- Chapter XVI (Sections 1-2): DIVISION OF OFFENCES1
- sect;1. Classes of Offences.
- sect; 2. Divisions and sub-divisions.
- Chapter XVI (Sections 3-4): DIVISION OF OFFENCES1 (continued)
- sect; 3. Genera of Class I.
- sect; 4. Advantages of the present method.
- sect; 5. Characters of the five classes
- Chapter XVII: OF THE LIMITS OF THE PENAL BRANCH OF JURISPRUDENCE
- sect; 1. Limits between Private Ethics and the Art of Legislation.
- sect; 2. Jurisprudence, its branches.