The Quran, 4 vols.
Tradition holds that during the last decades of Muhammad’s life he received a series of revelations from the angel Gabriel. Muhammad was instructed to repeat these revelations to his community as warnings or instructions from God. During Muhammad’s lifetime, the Qur’an existed primarily in oral form, and was not written down and standardized until after Muhammad’s death. Because every word in the Qur’an was a message from God to Muhammad, many believe that the Qur’an exists only in Arabic, and that any translation is an interpretation of the Qur’an, and not the Qur’an itself.
- Author: Muhammad
- Editor: Rev. Elwood Morris Wherry
- Translator: George Sale
A Comprehensive Commentary on the Quran: Comprising Sale’s Translation and preliminary Discourse, with Additional Notes and Emendations (London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, and Co., 1896). 4 vols.
The text is in the public domain.