General History of Civilization in Europe
Guizot presented the lectures upon which this book is based in 1828 at the Sorbonne where he was professor of history. He provides a survey of European history and culture from its beginnings until the French Revolution. He wants to show what is unique to European “civilisation”, such as feudalism, the rise of the free cities, the centralised monarchies, and revolutions in England and France.
General History of Civilization in Europe by François Pierre Guillaume Guizot, edited, with critical and supplementary notes, by George Wells Knight (New York: D Appleton and Co., 1896).
The text is in the public domain.
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Table of Contents
- BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH.
- BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE.
- GENERAL HISTORY OF CIVILIZATION IN MODERN EUROPE, FROM THE FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE TO THE FRENCH REVOLUTION.
- LECTURE I.: CIVILIZATION IN GENERAL.
- LECTURE II.: OF EUROPEAN CIVILIZATION IN PARTICULAR: ITS DISTINGUISHING CHARACTERISTICS—ITS SUPERIORITY—ITS ELEMENTS.
- Rescript of the Emperors Honorius and Theodosius the Younger, addressed, in the year 418, to the Prefect of the Gauls, residing at Arles.
- LECTURE III.: OF POLITICAL LEGITIMACY—COEXISTENCE OF ALL THE SYSTEMS OF GOVERNMENT IN THE FIFTII CENTURY—ATTEMPTS TO REORGANIZE SOCIETY.
- LECTURE IV.: THE FEUDAL SYSTEM.*
- LECTURE V.: THE CHURCH.
- LECTURE VI.: THE CHURCH.
- LECTURE VII.: RISE OF FREE CITIES.
- LECTURE VIII.: GENERAL STATE OF EUROPE FROM THE TWELFTH TO THE FOURTEENTH CENTURY—THE CRUSADES.*
- LECTURE IX.: OF MONARCHY.
- LECTURE X.: UNSUCCESSFUL ATTEMPTS AT THE UNIFICATION OF SOCIETY.
- LECTURE XI.: THE RISE OF CENTRALIZED GOVERNMENT.*
- LECTURE XII.: THE REFORMATION.
- LECTURE XIII.: THE ENGLISH REVOLUTION.
- LECTURE XIV.: THE FRENCH REVOLUTION.*