The Rights of War and Peace (1901 ed.)
Grotius’s magnum opus on international law and the laws of war and peace. He wrote this volume while the Thirty Years’ War raged around him in the hope that rational human beings might be able to agree to legal limits on war’s destruction.
The Rights of War and Peace, including the Law of Nature and of Nations, translated from the Original Latin of Grotius, with Notes and Illustrations from Political and Legal Writers, by A.C. Campbell, A.M. with an Introduction by David J. Hill (New York: M. Walter Dunne, 1901).
The text is in the public domain.
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Table of Contents
- GENERAL PREFACE
- The Work and Influence of Hugo Grotius.
- I. The Reign of War.
- II. The Predecessors of Grotius.
- III. The Life and Personality of Grotius.
- IV. The Work of Grotius.
- V. The Influence of Grotius’s Work.
- THE RIGHTS of WAR AND PEACE, including the law of nature and of nations.
- BOOK I.
- CHAPTER I.
- CHAPTER II.: Inquiry Into the Lawfulness of War.
- CHAPTER III.: The Division of War Into Public and Private and the Nature of Sovereign Power.
- BOOK II.
- CHAPTER I.: Defence of Person and Property.
- CHAPTER II.: The General Rights of Things.
- CHAPTER III.: On the Original Acquistion of Things, and the Right of Property in Seas and Rivers.
- CHAPTER IV.: Title to Desert Lands by Occupancy, Possession, and Precription.
- CHAPTER IX.*: In What Cases Jurisdiction and Property Cease.
- CHAPTER X.: The Obligation Arising From Property.
- CHAPTER XI.: On Promises.
- CHAPTER XII.: On Contracts.
- CHAPTER XIII.: On Oaths.
- CHAPTER XV.*: On Treaties and on Engagements made by Delegates, Exceeding their Power.
- CHAPTER XVI.: The Interpretation of Treaties.
- CHAPTER XVII.: On Damages Occasioned by Injury and the Obligation to Repair Them.
- CHAPTER XVIII.: On the Right of Embassies.
- CHAPTER XIX.: On the Right of Burial.
- CHAPTER XX.: On Punishments.
- CHAPTER XXI.: On the Communication of Punishment.
- CHAPTER XXII.: On the Unjust Causes of War.
- CHAPTER XXIII.: On Doubtful Causes.
- CHAPTER XXIV.: Precautions Against Rashly Engaging in War, Even Upon Just Grounds.
- CHAPTER XXV.: The Causes of Undertaking War for Others.
- BOOK III.
- CHAPTER I.: What is Lawful in War.
- CHAPTER II.: In What Manner the Law of Nations Renders the Property of Subjects Answerable for the Debts of Sovereigns. The Nature of Reprisals.
- CHAPTER III.: On Just or, Solemn War According to the Law of Nations on Declarations of War.
- CHAPTER IV.: On the Right of Killing an Enemy in Lawful War, and Committing Other Acts of Hostility.
- CHAPTER V.: On the Right to Lay Waste an Enemy’s Country, and Carry Off His Effects.
- CHAPTER VI.: On the Acquisition of Territory and Property by Right of Conquest.
- CHAPTER VII.: On the Right Over Prisoners of War.
- CHAPTER VIII.: On Empire Over the Conquered.
- CHAPTER IX.: Of the Right of Postliminium.
- CHAPTER XI.*: The Right of Killing Enemies, in Just War, to be Tempered with Moderation and Humanity.
- CHAPTER XII.: On Moderation in Despoiling An Enemy’s Country.
- CHAPTER XIII.: On Moderation in Making Captures in War.
- CHAPTER XV.*: On Moderation in Acquiring Dominion.
- CHAPTER XVI.: On Moderation with Respect to Things Excluded from the Right of Postliminium by the Law of Nations.
- CHAPTER XVII.: Respecting Those Who are Neutral in War.
- CHAPTER XIX.*: On Good Faith Between Enemies.
- CHAPTER XX.: On the Public Faith, by which War is Concluded; Comprising Treaties of Peace, and the Nature of Arbitration, Surrender Hostages, Pledges.
- CHAPTER XXI.: On Faith During the Continuance of War, on Truces, Safe-Conducts, and the Redemption of Prisoners.
- CHAPTER XXII.: On the Faith on Those Invested with Subordinate Powers in War.
- CHAPTER XXIV.*: On Tacit Faith.
- CHAPTER XXV.: Conclusion.