The Morals, vol. 5
Vol. 5 of a massive 5 volume work in which Plutarch muses on all manner of topics ranging from virtue and vice, friendship, flattery, the nature of love, stoic philosophy, fate, to the nature of government.
Plutarch’s Morals. Translated from the Greek by Several Hands. Corrected and Revised by William W. Goodwin, with an Introduction by Ralph Waldo Emerson. 5 Volumes. (Boston: Little, Brown, and Co., 1878). Vol. 5.
The text is in the public domain.
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Table of Contents
- CONTENTS OF VOLUME FIFTH. WITH THE TRANSLATORS’ NAMES.
- PLUTARCH’S MORALS.
- OF EATING OF FLESH.
- TRACT I.
- TRACT II.
- LIVES OF THE TEN ORATORS.
- I.: ANTIPHON.
- II.: ANDOCIDES.
- III.: LYSIAS.
- IV.: ISOCRATES.
- V.: ISAEUS.
- VI.: AESCHINES.
- VII.: LYCURGUS.
- VIII.: DEMOSTHENES.
- IX.: HYPERIDES.
- X.: DINARCHUS.
- DECREES PROPOSED TO THE ATHENIANS.
- WHETHER AN AGED MAN OUGHT TO MEDDLE IN STATE AFFAIRS.
- POLITICAL PRECEPTS.
- WHICH ARE THE MOST CRAFTY, WATER-ANIMALS OR THOSE CREATURES THAT BREED UPON THE LAND?
- AUTOBULUS, SOCLARUS, OPTATUS, PHAEDIMUS, ARISTOTIMUS, HERACLEO.
- THAT BRUTE BEASTS MAKE USE OF REASON
- ULYSSES, CIRCE, GRYLLUS.
- OF THE FACE APPEARING WITHIN THE ORB OF THE MOON.
- LAMPRIAS, APOLLONIDES, LUCIUS, PHARNACES, SYLLA, ARISTOTELES, THEON, MENELAUS.
- OF FATE.*
- CONCERNING THE FIRST PRINCIPLE OF COLD.
- WHETHER WATER OR FIRE BE MOST USEFUL.
- AGAINST COLOTES, THE DISCIPLE AND FAVORITE OF EPICURUS.
- PLUTARCH’S CONSOLATORY LETTER TO HIS WIFE.
- PLUTARCH TO HIS WIFE: ALL HEALTH.
- OF THE THREE SORTS OF GOVERNMENT, MONARCHY, DEMOCRACY, AND OLIGARCHY.
- WHETHER THE ATHENIANS WERE MORE RENOWNED FOR THEIR WARLIKE ACHIEVEMENTS OR FOR THEIR LEARNING.
- AGAINST RUNNING IN DEBT, OR TAKING UP MONEY UPON USURY.
- PLUTARCH’S PLATONIC QUESTIONS.
- QUESTION I.: What is the Reason that God bade Socrates to act the Midwife’s Part to Others, but charged Himself not to generate; as he says in Theaetetus?*
- QUESTION II.: Why does he call the Supreme God Father and Maker of all Things?*
- QUESTION III.
- But what does he mean by Dividing the Universe into Unequal Parts? And which of the Sections, the Intelligible or the Sensible, is the greater? For in this he has not explained himself.
- QUESTION IV.: What is the Reason that, though Plato always says that the Soul is Ancienter than the Body, and that it is the Cause and Principle of its Rise, yet he likewise says, that neither could the Soul exist without the Body, nor the Reason without the Soul, but the Soul in the Body and the Reason in the Soul? For so the Body will seem to be and not to be, because it both exists with the Soul, and is begot by the Soul.
- QUESTION V.: Why, since Bodies and Figures are contained partly by Rectilinears and partly by Circles, does he make Isosceles Triangles and Triangles of Unequal Sides the Principles of Rectilinears; of which the Isosceles Triangle forms the Cube, the Element of the Earth; and a Scalene Triangle forms the Pyramid which is the Seed of Fire, the Octahedron which is the Seed of Air, and the Icosahedron which is the Seed of Water; — while he does not meddle with Circulars, though he does mention the Globe, where he says that each of the Afore-Reckoned Figures divides a Round Body that encloses it into Equal Parts.*
- QUESTION VI.: How comes it to pass that in Phaedrus it is said, that the Nature of a Wing, by which any thing that is Heavy is carried upwards, participates most of the Body of God?*
- QUESTION VII.: In what Sense does Plato say, that the Antiperistasis (or Reaction) of Motion — by Reason there is no Vacuum — is the Cause of the Effects in Physicians’ Cupping-Glasses, in Swallowing, in Throwing of Weights, in the Running of Water, in Thunder, in the Attraction of the Loadstone, and in the Harmony of Sounds?†
- QUESTION VIII.: What means Timaeus,* when he says that Souls are dispersed into the Earth, the Moon, and into other Instruments of Time?
- QUESTION IX.
- Did Plato place the Rational or the Irascible Faculty in the Middle? For he is not Clear in the Point.
- QUESTION X.: Why said Plato, that Speech was composed of Nouns and Verbs?*
- PARALLELS, OR A COMPARISON BETWEEN THE GREEK AND ROMAN HISTORIES.*
- OF THE NAMES OF RIVERS AND MOUNTAINS, AND OF SUCH THINGS AS ARE TO BE FOUND THEREIN.*
- I.: Hydaspes.
- II.: Ismenus.
- III.: Hebrus.
- IV.: Ganges.
- V.: Phasis.
- VI.: Arar.
- VII.: Pactolus.
- VIII.: Lycormas.
- IX.: Maeander.
- X.: Marsyas.
- XI.: Strymon.
- XII.: Sagaris.
- XIII.: Scamander.
- XIV.: Tanais.
- XV.: Thermodon.
- XVI.: Nile.
- XVII.: Eurotas.
- XVIII.: Inachus.
- XIX.: Alpheus.
- XX.: Euphrates.
- XXI.: Caicus.
- XXII.: Achelous.
- XXIII.: Araxes.
- XXIV.: Tigris.
- XXV.: Indus.