International Trade: A Bibliography

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Source: Appendix to Viner's Studies in the Theory of International Trade (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1965).


I. Works cited in chapters I and II
(a) primary sources of known authorship, by authors

[Armstron, Clement], Three memoranda, ms. ca. 1530], first printed in Reinhold Pauli, Drei volkswirthschaftliche Denkschriften aus der Zeit Heinrichs VIII von England, Gottingen, 1878.

Asgill, John, Several assertions proved, in order to create another species of money than gold and silver,.1696], J. H. Hollander ed., Baltimore, 1906.

— [—], A brief answer to a brief state of the question between the printed and painted calicoes, and the woolen and silk manufactures, 1719.

Bacon, Sir Francis, “Advice to Sir George Villiers,” [ms. 1616], in Works of Francis Bacon, Basil Montagu ed., Philadẽlphia, 1852, II, 375–88.

B[arbon], N[icholas], A discourse of trade, [1690], J. H. Hollander ed., Baltimore, 1905.

—, A discourse concerning coining the new money lighter, 1696.

Bellers, John, An essay for imploying the poor to profit, 1723.

Berkeley, George, The querist, [1735], in The works of George Berkeley, A. C. Fraser ed., Oxford, 1871, III, 351–405.

Bieston, Roger, The bayte and snare of fortune, [ca. 1550]. Glasgow, 1894.

[Bindon, David], A letter from a merchant who has left off trade, 1738.

[Blewitt, George], An inquiry whether a general practice of virtue tends to the wealth or poverty, benefit or disadvantage of a people? 1725.

Brewster, Francis, New essays on trade, 1702.

[Briscoe, John], A discourse of money, 1696.

[Browne, John], An essay on trade in general; and, that of Ireland in particular, Dublin, 1728.

Cantillon, Richard, Essai sur la nature du commerce en général, [written ca 1730, Ist ed., 1755], Henry Higgs ed., 1931.

Cary, John, An essay on the state of England in relation to its trade, its poor, and its taxes, Bristol, 1695.

—, An essay on the coyn and credit of England: as they stand with respect to its trade, Bristol, 1696.

Chamberlain, Drhugh, A collection of some papers writ upon several occasions, 1696.

[Child, Sir Josiah], A treatise wherein is demonstrated, that the East-India trade is the most national of all foreign trades, 1681.

[—], A discourse about trade, 1690.

[—], the humble answer of the governor ... of the East-India company, [1692], in Somers' tracts, 2d ed., X (1813), 620–26.

Cholmeley, William, The request and suite of a true-hearted Englishman, [ms. 1553], in the Camden society, The Camden miscellany, II, 1853.

Clement, Simon, A discourse of the general notions of money, trade, & exchanges, 1965.

[—], the interest of England, as it stands with relation to the trade of Ireland, considered, 1698.

Coke, Roger, A discourse of trade, 1670.

[—], A treatise wherein is demonstrated, that the church and state of England, are in equal danger with the trade of it, 1671.

[—], Reflections upon the East-Indy and royal African companies, 1695.

[—], R[—], A treatise concerning the regulation of the coyn of England, 1696.

Collins, John, A plea for the bringing in of Irish cattel, and keeping out of fish caught by foreigners, 1680.

Cotton, Sir, Robert, Cottoni posthuma, James Howell ed., 1672.

Davnzati, Bernardo, A discourse upon coins, [orginal Italian edition, 1588], 1696.

Davenant, Charles, The political and commercial works, charles Whitworth ed., 1771.

[Decker, Mathew], Serious considerations on the several high duties, [1743], 3d ed., 1744.

[Decker, Mathew], An essay on the causes of the decline of the foreign trade, [1744], Edinburgh, 1756.

[Defoe, Daniel], An essay upon loans, 1710.

—, An humble proposal to the people of England for the increase of their trade, [1729], in The novels and miscellaneous works of Daniel Defoe, 1841, XVIII (separate pagination).

Dobbs, Arthur, An essay on the trade and improvement of Ireland, Dublin, 1729.

[Elibank, Patrick Murray, LORD], Essays, I on the public debt. II on paper-money, banking, 8c. III on frugality, 1755.

Forde, Sir Edward, Experimented proposals, [1666], in the Harleian miscellany, VII (1810), 341–43.

[Forster, Nathaniel], An enquiry into the causes of the present high price of provisions, 1767.

Fortrey, Samuel, England's interest and improvement, [1663], J. H. Hollander ed., Baltimore, 1907.

Fuller, Thomas, The holy state, and the profane state, [1642], James Nichols ed., 1841.

[Gardner], Some reflections on a pamphlet, intituled, England and East India inconsistent in their manufactures, 1696.

Gee, Joshua, The trade and navigation of Great-Britain considered, [1729], 1767.

Gervaise, Isaac, The system or theory of the trade of the world, 1720.

Haines, Richard, The prevention of poverty, 1674.

[Hales, John], A discourse of the common weal of this realm of England, [ms. 1550, Ist ed., 1581], Elizabeth Lamond ed., Cambridge, Eng., 1893.

[Harris, Joseph], An essay upon money and coins, 1757–58.

[Hay, William], Remarks on the laws relating to the poor, [1735], 1751.

Hobbes, Thomas, Leviathan, [1651], Everyman's library ed., 1928.

Hodges, James, The present state of England as to coin and publick charges, 1697.

Home, Henry, Sketches of the history of man, Edinburgh, 1774.

Horsley, William, A treatise on maritime affairs, 1744.

[Houghton, John], England's great happiness, [1677], in J. R. McCulloch ed., A select collection of early English tracts on commerce, 1856, pp. 251–74.

—, A collection of letters for the improvement of husbandry & trade, 1681–83.

Houghton, Thomas, The alteration of the coyn, 1695.

Hume, David, Political discourses, [1752], in Essays moral, political and literary, T. H. Green and T. H. Grose ed., 1875.

—, The letters of David Hume, J. Y. T. Greig ed., Oxford, 1932.

James I, Basilikon doron, in The workes of the most high and mightie Prince, James, 1616, pp. 148–89.

[Jocelyn], An essay on money & bullion, 1718.

J[Ustice], A[LEXANDER], A general treatise of monies and exchanges, 1707.

[Keale, Robert], The trade's increase, [1615], in The Harleian miscellany, III (1809), 289–315.

Lamb, Samuel, Seasonal observations, [1659], in Somers' tracts, 2d ed., VI (1811), 446–65.

Law, John, Money and trade considered, [1705], Glasgow, 1750.

Lawrence, Richard, The interest of Ireland in its trade and wealth stated, Dublin, 1682.

Lewis, M[ark], Proposals to the King and Parliament, or a large model of a bank, 1678.

[Lindsay, Patrick], The interest of Scotland considered, Edinburgh, 1733.

[Lloyd, Henry], An essay on the thory of money, 1771.

Locke, John, Two treatises of civil government, [1690], in the works of John Locke, 1823, V, 287–485.

—, Some considerations on the lowering of interest, [1691], in The works of John Locke, 1823, V. 1–116.

London, John, Some considerations on the importance of the woolen manufactures, 1740.

Mackworth, Sir Humphrey, A proposal for payment of the publick debts, 2d ed., n.d. (ca. 1720).

Maddison, Ralph, Great Britains remembrancer, looking in and out, [1640], 1655.

M[agens], N[icholas], Farther explanations of some particular subjects. ... contained in the universal merchant, 1756.

Malynes, Gerard, A treatise of the canker of England's common wealth, [1601], in Tawney and Power, Tudor economic documents, 1924, III, 386–404.

—, The center of the circle of commerce, 1623.

Mandeville, Bernard, The fable of the bees: or, private vices, public benefits, [1st ed., 1714], reprint of 6th ed. [1732], F.B. Kaye ed., Oxford, 1924.

Manley, Thomas, Usury at six per cent. examined, 1669.

Massie, Joseph, An essay on the governing cattses of the natural rate of interest, [1750], J. H. Hollander ed., Baltimore, 1912.

Dmassie, Joseph, The proposal, commonly called sir Mathew Decker's scheme, for one general tax upon houses, laid open, 1757.

[Mildmay, Sir William], the laws and policy of England, relating to trade, 1765.

Milles, Thomas, The customers replie, or second apologie, 1604.

Misselden, Edward, Free trade or, the meanes to make trade florish, 2d ed., 1622.

[—], [—], The circle of commerce, or the balance of trade, 1623.

Molloy, Charles, De jure maritime et navali: or a treatise of affairs maritime, and of commerce, [1st ed., 1676], 9th ed., 1769.

More, Sir Thomas, Utopia, [1516], reprint of 1556 ed., A. W. Reed ed., Waltham St. Lawrence, 1929.

M[un], T[homas], A discourse of trade, from England unto the East-Indies, [1621], Facsimile Text Society reprint, New York, 1930.

—, England's treasure by forraign trade, [written ca.1630, 1st ed., 1664], W. J. Ashley ed., New York, 1895.

[North, Sir Dudley], Discourses upon trade, [1691], J. H. Hollander ed., Baltimore, 1907.

Papillon, Thomas, A treatise concerning the East India trade, [1st ed., 1677], reprint of 1680 ed., 1696.

Paterson, William, The writings of —, 2d ed., Saxe Bannister ed., 1859.

Petty, Sir William, The economic writings of—, C. H. Hull ed., Cambridge, Eng., 1899.

[Petyt, William?], Britonnia languens,or a discourse of trade, [1680], in J. R. McCulloch ed., A select collection of early English tracts on commerce, 1856, pp. 275–504.

Philips, Erasmus, An appeal to common sense: or, some considerations offer'd to restore publick credit, 1720.

[—], the state of the nation, in respect to her commerce, debts, and money, 1725.

[Pollexfin, John], A discourse of trade, coyn, and paper credit, 1697.

[—], England and East-India inconsistent in their manufactures, 1697.

[—], A vindication of some assertions relating to coin and trade, 1699.

Postlethwayt, Malachy, Great-Britain's true system, 1757.

—, The universal dictionary of trade and commerce, 4th ed., 1774.

Pottrs, William, The key of wealth, 1650.

[Pratt, Samuekll], The regulating silver coin, made practicable and easie, 1696.

[Prior, Thomas], Observations on coin in general, [Dublin, 1730?], London reprint, 1730.

Reynel, Carew, The True English interest, 1679.

Roberts, Lewes, The treasure of traffike or a discourse of forraigne trade, [1641], in J. R. McCulloch ed., A select collection of early English tracts on commerce, 1856, pp. 49–113.

Robinson, Henry, Englands safety; in trades encrease, 1641.

—, Certain proposals in order to the peoples freedome, 1652.

[Sherdan, Thomas], A discourse on the rise and power of parliaments, [1677], reprinted in Saxe Bannister, Some revelations in Irish history, 1870.

Smith, Adam, Lectures on justice, police, revenue and arms, [ms. 1763], Edwin cannan ed., Oxford, 1896.

—, An inquirty into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations, [1776], Edwin Cannan ed., 1904.

[Smith Charles], Three tracts on the corn-trade and corn-laws, 2d ed., 1766.

Smith, John, Chronicon rusticum-commerciale; or, memoirs of wool, 1747.

Starkey, Thomas, England in the reign of King Henry the Eighth, [ms. ante 1538], Early English Text Society, 1871–78.

Steuart, Sir James, An inquiry into the principles of political œconomy, 1767.

Stow, John, “An apologie of the cittie of London,” [1598], in A survey of London, reprint of 1603 ed., C. L. Kingsford ed., Oxford, 1908, II, 195–217.

Temple, Sir William, Observations on the United Provinces, [1668], in The works of Sir William Temple, Edinburgh, 1754, I, 1–157.

[Temple, William, of Trowbridge], A vindication of commerce and the arts, [1758], in J. R. McCulloch ed., A select collection of scarce and valuable tracts on commerce, 1859, pp. 481–561.

Tucker, Josiah, Reflections on the expediency of a law for the naturalization of foreign protestants, 1751–52.

—, A brief essay on the advantages and disadvantages which respectively attend France and Great Britain, with regard to trade, 3d ed. [1753], in J. R. McCulloch ed., A select collection of scarce and valuable tracts on commerce, 1859, pp. 309–425.

—, The elements of commerce, and theory of taxes (privately printed, no title page), [Bristol, 1755].

—, Instructions for travelers, 1757.

[Tucker, Josiah], The causes of the dearness of provisions assigned, Gloucester, 1766.

[—], Considerations on the policy, commerce and circumstance of the kingdom, 1771.

—, Four tracts on political and commercial subjects, 2d ed., Gloucester, 1774.

Vanderlint, Jacob, Money answers all things, [1734], J. H. Hollander ed., Baltimore, 1914.

Vaughan, Rice, A discourse of coin and coinage, 1675.

V[ickaris], A., An essay for regulating of the coyn, 1696.

Violet, Thomas, An humble declaration ... touching the transportation of gold and silver, 1643.

—, A true discoverie to the commons of England, [1651], 1653.

—, Mysteries and secrets of trade and mint-affairs, 1653.

[Wallace, Robert], A view of the internal policy of Great Britain, 1764.

[—], Characteristics of the present political state of Great Britain, 1758.

[Walpole, Robert], A letter from a member of parliament to his friends in the country, concerning the duties on wine and tobacco, 1733.

[Whatley, George], Principles of trade, 2d ed., 1774.

Whiston, James, A discourse of the decay of trade, 1693.

Wood, William, A letter to a member of parliament: shewing the justice of a more equal and impartial assessment on land, 1717.

—, A survey of trade, 1718.

[Young, Arthur], Political essays concerning the present state of the British Empire, 1772.

—, Political arithmetic, containing observations on the present state of Great Britain, 1774.

[—], The farmer's letters to the people of England, 2d ed., 1768.

(b) primary sources of unknown authorship

The libelle of Englyshe polycye, [ms. 1436], Sir George Warner ed., Oxford, 1926.

“Considerations for the restraynte of transportinge gould out of the realme,” [ms. Reign of Elizabeth], in George Schanz, Englische Handelspolitik gegen Eode des Mittelalters, Leipzig, 1881, II, 648–49.

Polices to reduce this reaime of Englande into a prosperus wealthe and estate,' [ms. 1549], in R. H. Tawney and Eileen Power, Tudor economic documents, 1924, III, 311–45.

“Memorandum prepared for the royal commission on the exchanges,” [ma. 1564], in R. H. Tawney and Eileen Power, Tudor economic documents, 1924, III, 346–59.

“A discourse of corporations,” [ms. ca. 1587], in R. H. Tawney and Eileen Power, Tudor economic documents, 1924, III 256–76.

Decay of trade. A treatise against the abating of interest, 1641.

A discourse consisting of motives for the enlargement and freedome of trade, 1645.

Omnia comesta a bello. Or, an answer out of the west to a question out of the north, n.p., 1667.

Et à dracone: or, some reflections upon a discourse called Omnia à belo comesta, 1668.

Interest of money mistaken, 1668.

A treatise of wool and cattel, 1677.

Reasons for a limited exportation of wooll, n.p., 1677.

The ancient trades decayed, repaired again, 1678.

Englands interest or the great benefit to trade by banks or offices of credit, 1682.

Several objections sometimes made against the office of credit, fully answered, n.p., n.d., (ca. 1682).

Taxes no charge: in a letter from a gentleman, to a person of quality, 1690.

The linen and woolen manufactory discoursed, [1691], in John Smith, Chronicon rusticum-commercial, 1747, I, 383–88.

A discourse concerning the East-India trade, [ca. 1692], in somers' tracts, 2d ed., X (1813), 634–47.

A discourse of the nature, use and advantages of trade, 1693.

The interest of England considered: in an essay upon wooll, 1694.

An essay towards carrying on the present war against France, [ca. 1697], in The Harleian miscellany, X (1810), 371–89.

N., A., England's advocate, Europe's monitor, 1699.

Considerations on the East-India trade, [1701], in J. R. McCulloch ed., A select collection of early English tracts on commerce, 1856, pp. 541–629.

The circumstances of Scotland consider'd, with respect to the present scarcity of money, Edinburgh, 1705.

Remarks upon the Bank of England, with regard more especially to our trade and government, 1705.

Reasons offer'd against the continuance of the Bank, 1707.

Some queries, humbly offer'd to the consideration of both houses of parliament relating to the Bank of England, 1707.

A short view of the apparent dangers and mischiefs from the Bank of England, 1707.

The vindication and advancement of our national constitution and credit, 1710.

A vindication of the faults on both sides, [1710], in somers' tracts, 2d ed., XIII (1815), 3–24.

The taxes not grievous, and therefore not a reason for an unsafe peace, 1712.

Torism and trade can never agree, n.d. (ca 1713).

The British merchant, [1713], 3d ed., 1748.

A brief state of the question between the printed and painted calicoes, and the woolen and silk manufacture, 2d ed., 1719.

Considerations occasioned by the bill for enabling the South Sea Company to increase their capital stock, 1720.

Some thoughts on the interest of money in general, and particularly in the publick funds, n.d. (ca.1720).

Proposals for restoring credit; for making the Bank of England more useful and profitable, 1721.

Some considerations on the nature and importance of the East-India trade, 1728.

An enquiry into the melancholy circumstances of Great Britain, n.d.(ca 1730).

The present state of Ireland consider'd, Lonodn reprint, 1730.

Reflections and considerations occasioned by the petition ... for taking off the drawback on foreign linens, &c., 1738.

“On the neglect of trade and manufactures,” Scots magazine, II (1740), 475–77.

A letter to the ... Lords Commissioners of trade and platations, wherein the grand concern of trade is asserted, 1747.

The manufacturer's plea for the bounty on corn at exportation, 1754.

An inquiry concerning the trade, commerce, and policy of Jamaica, relative to the scarcity of money, Jamaica, 1759.

“Imparatial essay concerning the nature and use of specie and paper-credit in any country,” Scots magazine, XXIV (1762), 133–35.

“Considerations relating to the late order of the two banks,” Scots magazine, XXIV (1762), 39–41, 89–94.

(c) secondary sources

Angell, J. W., The theory of international prices history, criticism and restatement, Cambridge, Mass, 1926.

Barnes, D. G. A history of the English corn laws from 1660–1846, New York, 1930.

Brentano, Lujo, Hours and wages in relation to production (transl. From the original German ed.), 1894.

Cunningham, William, “Adam smith und die Mercantilisten,” Zeitschrift für die gesammte Staatswissenschaft, XL (1884), 41–64.

Dietzel, Heinrich, Weltwirtschaft und Volkswirtschaft, Dresden, 1900.

Dove, Patrock E., “An account of Andrew Yarranton,” in The elements of political science, Edinburgh, 1844, 402–70.

Dubois, A., Précis de I'histoire des doctrines économiques, Paris, 1903.

Fetter, F. W., “The term ‘favorable balance of trade,’” Quarterly journal of economics, XLIX (1935), 621–45.

Fris, Astrid, Aldeman Cockayne's project and the cloth trade, 1927.

Furniss, E. S., The position of the laborer in a system of nationalism, Boston, 1920.

Gregory, T. E., “The economics of employment in England, 1660–1713,” Economica, I (1921), 37–51.

Heckscher, E. F., Mercantilism (transl. From the original Swedish edition of 1931), 1935.

Helander, Sven, “Sir Josiah Child,” Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, XIX (1923), 233–49.

Johnson, E. A. J., “The mercantilist concept of ‘art’ and ‘ingenious labour,’” Economic history, II (1931), 234–53.

—, “Unemployment and consumption: the mercantilist view,” Quarterly journal of economics, XLVI (1932), 698–719.

Jones, Richard, “Primitive political economy of England,” [1847], in Literary remains, consisting of lectures and tracts on political economy, Wm. Whewell ed., 1859, pp. 291–335.

Lipson, Ephraim, The economic history of England, 1929–31.

Maintrieu, Jehan, Le traité d'Utrecht et les polémiques du commerce anglais, Paris, 1909.

Monroe, A. E., Monetary theory before Adam Smith, Cambridge, Mass., 1923.

Price, W. H., “The origin of the phrase ‘balance of trade,’” Quarterly journal of economics, XX (1905), 157–67.

Seligman, E. R. A., “Bullionists,” Encyclopaedia of the social sciences, III (1930), 60–64.

Stephen, Sir Leslie, History of English thought in the eighteenth century, 3d ed., 1902.

Suviranta, Br., The theory of the balance of trade in England, Helsingfors, 1923.

Tawney, R. H., “Religious thought on social and economic questions in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries,” Journal of political economy, XXXI (1923), 461–93, 637–74, 804–25.

—, Introduction to Thomas Wilson, A discourse upon usury, [1572], New York, n.d., (ca. 1924).

Viner, Jacob, “English theories of foreign trade before Adam Smith,” Journal of political economy, XXXVIII (1930), 249–301, 404–57.

—, “Balance of trade,” Encyclopaedia of the social sciences, II (1930), 399–406.

II. Works Cited in Remainder of Book
(a) works of known authorship

Acworth, A. W., Financial reconstruction in England 1815–1822, 1925.

Adamson, Robert, “Some considerations on the theory of money,” Transactions of the Manchester Statistical Society, 1884–85, 31–58.

Addington, Baron, see J. G. HUBBARD.

Angell, J. W., review of Jacob Viner, Canda's balance of international indebtedness, Political science quarterly, XL (1925), 320–22.

—, “The effects of international payments in the past,” in National Industrial Conference Board, The inter-ally debts and the United States, New York, 1925, 138–89.

—, The theory of international prices—history, criticism and restatement, Cambridge, Mass., 1926.

Arbuthnot, G., Sir Robert Peel's Act of 1844, regulating the issue of bank notes, vindicated, 1857.

Ashburton, Lord, The financial and commercial crisis considered, 4th ed., 1847.

[Attwood, Mathias], A letter to Lord Archibald Hamilton, on alterations in the value of money, 1823.

Attwood, Thomas, A letter to ... Nicholas Vansittart, on the creation of money, and on its action upon national prosperity, Birmingham, 1817.

[—], Prosperity restored; or, reflections on the cause of the public distresses, and on the only means of relieving them, 1817.

—, Observations on currency, population, and pauperism, in two leters to Arthur Young, esq., Birmingham, 1818.

—, A letter to the Earl of Liverpool, on the reports of the committees of the two Houses of Parliament, on the question of the Bank restriction act, Birmingham, 1819.

Attwood, Thomas, A second letter to the Earl of Liverpool, on the Bank reports, as occasioning the national dangers and distresses, Birmingham, 1819.

— (andSir John Sinclair), The late prosperity, and the present adversity of the country, explained; ... in a correspondence between Sir John Sinclair and Mr. Thomas Attwood, 1826.

—, The Scotch banker, Ist ed., 1828; 2d ed., 1832.

Auspitz, Rudolf, and Lieben, Richard, Untersuchugen über die Theorie des Preises, Leipzig, 1889.

Bacalan, Isaac de, see SAUVAIRE-JOURDAN.

[Bailey, Samuel], Money and its vicissitudes in value, 1837.

Baring, Alexander, see ASHBURTON, LORD.

Barone, Enrico, Grundzüge der theoretischen Nationalökonomie (transl. From original Italian ed. of 1908), Bonn, 1927.

Bastable, C. F., “Economic notes,” Hermathena, VII (1889), 109–25.

—, “On some applications of the theory of international trade,” Quarterly journal of economics, IV (1889), 1–17.

—, The theory of international trade, 2d ed., 1897; 4th ed., 1903.

Beach, W. E., British international gold mevements and banking policy, 1881–1913, Cambridge, Mass., 1935.

Bentham, Jeremy, A manual of political economy, [ms. 1797–1803), in The works of Jeremy Bentham, John Bowring ed., Edinburgh, III (1843), 33–84.

—, The rationale of reward, 1825.

Bickerdiek, C. F., “International comparisons of labour conditions,” Transactions of the Manchester Statistical society, 1911–12, 61–83.

Blacker, William, The evils inseparable from a mixed currency, and the advantages to be secured by introducing an inconvertible national paper currency, 3d ed., 1847.

Blake, William, Observations on the effects produced by the expenditure of government during the restriction of cash payments, 1823.

Boase, Henry, A letter to ... Lord King, in defence of the conduct of the directors of the Banks of England and Ireland, 1804.

Bollman, Erick, A letter to Thomas Brand ... on the practicability and propriety of a resumption of specie payments, 1819.

Bollman, Erick, A second letter ... on the practicability of the new system of bullion-payments, 1819.

Bonar, James, “Ricardo's ingot plan,” Economic journal, XXXIII (1923), 281–304.

Booth, George, Observations on paper currency, the Bank of England notes, and on the principles of coinage, and a metallic circulating medium, Liverpool, 1815.

Bosanquet, Charles, Practical observations on the report of the bullion-committee, 2d ed., 1810.

Bosanquet, J. W., Metallic, paper, and credit currency, and the means of regulating their quantity and value, 1842.

Bowen, Francis, American political economy, New York, 1861.

Boyd, Walter, A letter to ... William Pitt, on the influence of the stoppage of issues in specie at the Bank of England, on the prices of provisions, and other commodities, 1st ed., 1801; 2d ed., 1801.

Bresciani-Turroni, C., Inductive verification of the theory of international payments, Cairo, n.d. (1932?).

—, “The ‘purchasing power parity’ doctrine,” l'Égypte contemporaine, XXV (1934(, 433–64.

Buchanan, David, Observations on the subjects treated of in Dr. Smith's . . .Wealth of nations, Edinburgh, 1814.

—, Inquiry into the taxation and commercial policy of Great Britain, Edinburgh, 1844.

Burgess, Henry, A letter to the Richt Hon. George Canning, 1826.

Burns, A. F., “A note on comparative costs,” Quarterly journal of economics, XLII (1928), 495–500.

Butt, Isaac, Protection to home industry, Dublin, 1846.

Cairnes, J. E., An examination into the principles of currency involved in the Bank charter act of 1844, 1854.

—, Essays in political economy, 1873.

—, Some leading principles of political economy newly expounded, New York, 1874.

Cannan, Edwin, The paper pound of 1797–1821, 1919.

Carr, Robert M., “The rôle of price in the international trade mechanism,” Quarterly journal of economics, XLV (1931), 710–19.

Carver, T. N., “Some theoretical possibilities of a protective tariff,” Publications of the American Economic Association, 3rd series, III (1902). 167–82.

Cassel, Gustav, “Memorandum on the world's monetary problems,” International financial conference, Brussels, 1920, Documents of the conference, v, 29–77.

—, Post-war monetary stabilization, New York, 1928.

Cassel, Gustav, The theory of social economy, new ed., (transl. From 5th German ed.), New York, 1932.

Castlereagh, Lord Viscount, the substance of a speech delivered ... in the House of commons, July 15, 1811, 1811.

Cayley, A. S., Agricultural distress—silver standard, 1835.

Cherbuliez, A. E., Précis de la science économique et de ses principales applications, Paris, 1862.

Clay, Sir William, Remarks on the expediency of restricting the issue of promissory notes to a single issuing body, 1844.

[Cockburn, R.], Remarks on prevailing errors respecting currency and banking, 1842.

Cockburn, W., Commercial œconomy; or the evils of a metallic currency, 2d ed., 1819.

Comber, W. T., A view of the nature and operation of bank currency; as connected with the distresses of the country, 1817.

Cournot, A., Researches into the mathematical principles of the theory of wealth (transl. From the original French [1838] by N. T. Bacon), New York, 1927.

—, Principes de la théproe des richesses, Paris, 1863.

—, Revue sommaire des doctrines économiques, Paris, 1877.

Cowell, J. W., Letters ... on the institution of a safe and profit able paper currency, 1843.

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[1]This is a list of titles of works cited in the text (including the footnotes). In order to save space, a member of titles to which references of minor importance only are made are here omitted, and where a number of different items in the collected works of an author have been used, the items contained in such works are not listed here separately. Where a date is enclosed in square brackets, it represents, unless otherwise indicated, the date of first publication. Place of publication is not given for periodicals, and for other works is given only if it is not London. Since there is little overlapping between the two lists, separate listing is given for the titles cited in the first two chapters and for those cited in the remainder of the book.