The Works of Voltaire, Vol. IV (Philosophical Dictionary Part 2) 
Available in the following formats:
Facsimile PDF 38.4 MB
This is a facsimile or image-based PDF made from scans of the original book.
Facsimile PDF small 19.6 MB
This is a compressed facsimile or image-based PDF made from scans of the original book.
Kindle 748 KB
This is an E-book formatted for Amazon Kindle devices.
EBook PDF 1.35 MB
This text-based PDF or EBook was created from the HTML version of this book and is part of the Portable Library of Liberty.
HTML 1.11 MB
This version has been converted from the original text. Every effort has been taken to translate the unique features of the printed book into the HTML medium.
About this Title:
Volume 2 of the
Philosophical Dictionary with entries from “Cannibals” to the “Falsity of Human Virtues.” The Philosophical Dictionary first appeared in 1764 in a “pocket edition” designed to be carried about one’s person. It consists of a series of short essays on a variety of topics all of which are tied together as examples of Voltaire’s withering criticism of “the infamous thing” – examples of tyranny and persecution by a privileged orthodoxy in Church and State of those individuals who disagree. Copyright information:
The text is in the public domain.
Fair use statement:
This material is put online to further the educational goals of Liberty Fund, Inc. Unless otherwise stated in the Copyright Information section above, this material may be used freely for educational and academic purposes. It may not be used in any way for profit.
Table of Contents:
The WORKS of VOLTAIRE
A PHILOSOPHICAL DICTIONARY Vol. IV — Part I
LIST OF PLATES
A PHILOSOPHICAL DICTIONARY.
CASTING (IN METAL).
ON SUICIDE, AND THE ABBE ST. CYRAN’S BOOK LEGITIMATING SUICIDE.
A Brief Account of Some Singular Suicides.
Laws Against Suicide.
CHAIN OF CREATED BEINGS.
CHAIN OR GENERATION OF EVENTS.
CHANGES THAT HAVE OCCURRED IN THE GLOBE.
[From the Greek word signifying Impression, Engraving.—It is what nature has engraved in us.]
CHARITABLE AND BENEFICENT INSTITUTIONS, ALMSHOUSES, HOSPITALS, ETC.
Curtae nescio quid semper abest rei.
Emollit mores, nec sinit esse feros.
Of the Expulsion of the Missionaries from China.
Of the pretended Atheism of China.
Establishment of Christianity, in its Civil and Political State.—Section I.
Of the Vanity of Systems, Particularly in Chronology.
Summary of the History of the Christian Church.
Of the Power of Expelling Devils, Given to the Church.
Of the Martyrs of the Church.
Of the Establishment of the Church Under Constantine.
Of the Signification of the Word “Church.” Picture of the Primitive Church. Its Degeneracy. Examination into those Societies which have Attempted to Re-establish the Primitive Church, and Particularly into that of the Primitives called Quakers.
Of the “Church,” in Christian Societies.
Of the Primitive Church, and of Those Who Have Endeavored to Re-establish It.
Of the Primitives called Quakers.
Quarrel between the Greek and Latin Churches in Asia and Europe.
Of the Present Greek Church.
CHURCH OF ENGLAND.
Monks possessing Slaves.
Of the Celibacy of the Clergy.
Of Clerks of the Closet, Since Denominated Secretaries of State and Ministers.
Influence of Climate.
The Disclosure of Confessions.
Whether Laymen and Women Have Been Confessors?
Of the Conscience of Good and of Evil.
Whether a Judge Should Decide according to his Conscience, or according to the Evidence.
Of a Deceitful Conscience.
Liberty of Conscience.
[Translated from the German.]
The Age of Constantine.
Character of Constantine.
Examples Taken from History, from Sacred Scripture, from Numerous Authors, etc.
Contradictions in Certain Rites.
Contradictions in Things and Men.
Apparent Contradictions in Books.
Contradictions in Judgments Upon Works of Literature or Art.
Meetings of Ecclesiastics, Called Together to Resolve Doubts or Questions on Points of Faith or Discipline.
Notice of the General Councils.
Infallibility of Councils.
A PHILOSOPHICAL DICTIONARY Vol. IV — Part II
LIST OF PLATES
A PHILOSOPHICAL DICTIONARY.
CRIMES OR OFFENCES.
Of Time and Place.
Of Crimes of Time and Place, which Ought to Be Concealed.
Query: Are Two Witnesses Enough to Condemn a Man to be Hanged?
Proceedings in Criminal Cases Among Particular Nations.
Example Taken from the Condemnation of a Whole Family.
CURATE (OF THE COUNTRY).
Dial of Ahaz.
Extract from the Reflections of an Academician on the “Dictionary of the French Academy.”
DIONYSIUS, ST. (THE AREOPAGITE),
AND THE FAMOUS ECLIPSE.
Of the Great Eclipse Noticed by Dionysius.
DIODORUS OF SICILY, AND HERODOTUS.
DIVINITY OF JESUS.
The Donation of Constantine.
Donation of Pepin.
The Donation of Charlemagne.
Donation of Benevento by the Emperor Henry III.
Donation of the Countess Mathilda.
Donation of the Sovereignty of Naples to the Popes.
Donation of England and Ireland to the Popes by King John.
Examination of the Vassalage of Naples and England.
Of Donations Made by the Popes.
ECONOMY OF SPEECH—
TO SPEAK BY ECONOMY.
ELIAS OR ELIJAH, AND ENOCH.
FIGURES, ALLEGORIES, SYMBOLS, ETC.
Of Some Emblems Used by the Jewish Nation.
Of the Emblem of Aholah and Aholibah.
Of Hosea, and Some Other Emblems.
MAGIC, CONJURATION, SORCERY, ETC.
Enchantment of the Dead, or Evocation.
Of Other Sorceries.
Enchantments to Kindle Love.
END OF THE WORLD.
Of the Iliad.
The Manifestation, the Appearance, the Illustration, the Radiance.
Dieu fit du repentir la vertu des mortels.
Of Some Singular Passages in This Prophet, and of Certain Ancient Usages.
Of Those Fanatics Who Would Suppress the Ancient Fables.
On the Meaning of the Word.
FALSITY OF HUMAN VIRTUES.