Sir William Petty,
The Economic Writings of Sir William Petty, vol. 1 
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About this Title:
Vol. 1 contains a lengthy introduction on Petty’s life and times and economic thought, as well as
A Treatise of Taxes (1662), Verbum sapienti (1664), The Political Anatomy of Ireland (1672), and Political Arithmetic (1676). Copyright information:
The text is in the public domain.
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This material is put online to further the educational goals of Liberty Fund, Inc. Unless otherwise stated in the Copyright Information section above, this material may be used freely for educational and academic purposes. It may not be used in any way for profit.
Table of Contents:
THE AUTHORSHIP OF THE NATURAL AND POLITICAL OBSERVATIONS UPON THE BILLS OF MORTALITY.1
PETTY'S LETTERS AND OTHER MANUSCRIPTS.
PETTY'S ECONOMIC WRITINGS.
GRAUNT AND THE SCIENCE OF STATISTICS.
ON THE BILLS OF MORTALITY.
NOTE ON THE “TREATISE OF TAXES.”
CHAP. I.: Of the several sorts of Publick Charges.
CHAP. II. lf0605-01: 4: Of the Causes which encrease and aggravate the several sorts of Publick Charges.
CHAP. III.: How the Causes of the unquiet bearing of Taxes may be lessened.
CHAP. IV.: Of the several wayes of Taxe, and first, of setting a part, a proportion of the whole Territory for Publick uses, in the nature of Crown Lands; and secondly, by way of Assessement, or Land-taxe.
CHAP. V. lf0605-01: 29: Of Usury.
CHAP. VI.: Of Customs and Free Ports.
CHAP. VII.: Of Poll-money.
CHAP. VIII.: Of Lotteries.
CHAP. IX.: Of Benevolence.
CHAP. X.: Of Penalties.
CHAP. XI.: Of Monopolies and Offices.
CHAP. XII. lf0605-01: 58: Of Tythes.
CHAP. XIII.: Of several smaller wayes of levying Money.
lf0605-01: 65 CHAP. XIV.: Of raising, depressing, or embasing of Money.
CHAP. XV.: Of Excize.
NOTE ON THE VERBUM SAPIENTI.
CHAP. I. lf0605-01: 3: Containing several Computations of the Wealth of the Kingdom.
CHAP. II.: Of the Value of the People
CHAP. III.: Of the several Expences of the Kingdom, and its Revenues.
CHAP. IV.: Of the Method of apportioning Taxes.
CHAP. V.: Of Money, and how much is necessary to drive the Trade of the Nation.
CHAP. VI.: The Causes of irregular Taxing.
CHAP. VII.: The Collateral Advantages of these Taxes.
CHAP. VIII.: Of the Expence of the Navy, Army, and Garisons.
CHAP. IX.: Motives to the quiet bearing of extraordinary Taxes.
lf0605-01: 22 CHAP. X.: How to employ the People, and the End thereof.
NOTE ON THE “POLITICAL ANATOMY OF IRELAND.”
To His Grace the Duke of ORMAND1.
To the Right Honourable THOMAS, Lord PARKER1, Baron of Macclesfield in the County of CHESTER. Lord High Chancellor of GREAT BRITAIN.
THE Author's Preface.
The CONTENTS of the Political Anatomy of IRELAND1.
THE Political Anatomy OF IRELAND. 16721.
[CHAPTER I.]2: Of the Lands of Ireland.
[CHAPTER II.]: Of People, Houses, and Smoaks; their Number, Differences, and Values.
[CHAPTER III]: lf0605-01: 16 Of the Church and Benefices.
[CHAPTER IV]: Concerning the Late Rebellion.
[CHAPTER V]: lf0605-01: 25 Of the future Settlement of Ireland, Prorogation of Rebellions, and its Union with England.
[CHAPTER VI]: lf0605-01: 36 Of the Government of Ireland.
[CHAPTER VII]: lf0605-01: 42 Of the Militia and Defence of Ireland.
[CHAPTER VIII]: lf0605-01: 48 Of the Cœlum and Solum of Ireland.
[CHAPTER IX]: Of the Proportion in value, which the several Counties in Ireland do bear to each other, viz.
[CHAPTER X]: lf0605-01: 68 Of the Money of Ireland.
[CHAPTER XI]: Of the Trade of Ireland.
lf0605-01: 93 [CHAPTER XII]: Of the Religion, Diet, Cloaths, Language, Manners, and Interest of the several Present Inhabitants of Ireland.
lf0605-01: 103 [CHAPTER XIII.]: Several Miscellany Remarks and Intimations concerning Ireland, and the several matters aforementioned.
REPORT FROM THE COUNCIL OF TRADE 1676.
NOTE ON THE “REPORT FROM THE COUNCIL OF TRADE.”
‖A Report from the council of Trade in lf0605-01: 114 Ireland, to the Lord Lieutenant and Council, which was drawn by Sir William Petty.
Considerations relating to the Improvement of Ireland.
Inferences from the Premisses.
The application of the Premisses, in order to remedy the defects and impediments of the Trade of Ireland.
GOVERNMENT OF IRELAND.
NOTE ON THE “PROPOSITIONS.”
At the Court at Hampton-Court, lf0605-01: 146
JUNE 22. 1662.
Propositions to be consider'd of by his Majesty,
concerning the governing of Ireland.
NOTE ON THE “POLITICAL ARITHMETICK.”
CHAP. I. lf0605-01: : That a small Country and few People, by its Situation, Trade, and Policy, may be equivalent in Wealth and Strength, to a far greater People and Territory: And particularly that conveniencies for Shipping and Water-Carriage, do most Eminently and Fundamentally conduce thereunto.
lf0605-01:  CHAP. II.: That some kind of Taxes and Publick Levies, may rather increase than diminish the Wealth of the Kingdom.
CHAP. III.: That France cannot by reason of natural, and perpetual Impediments, be more powerful at Sea, than the English, or Hollanders1 now are, or may be.
lf0605-01: 64 CHAP. IV.: That the People and Territories of the King of England, are naturally near1 as considerable for Wealth and Strength, as those of France.
lf0605-01:  CHAP. V.: That the Impediments of Englands greatness, are but contingent and removable.
lf0605-01: 96 CHAP. VI.: That the Power and Wealth of England hath increased this last forty years.
CHAP. VII. lf0605-01: 101: That one tenth part of the whole Expence, of the King of England's Subjects, is sufficient to maintain ten thousand1 Foot, forty thousand Horse, and forty thousand Men at Sea; and defray all other Charges of the Government both Ordinary and Extraordinary, if the same were regularly Taxed, and Raised.
CHAP. VIII.: That there are spare Hands enough among the King of England's Subjects, to earn two Millions per annum more than they now do; and that there are also Employments, ready, prope, and sufficient, for that purpose.
CHAP. IX.: lf0605-01:  That there is Mony sufficient to drive the Trade of the Nation.
CHAP. X. lf0605-01: : That the King of England's Subjects, have Stock competent and convenient, to drive the Trade of the whole Commercial World.