Encyclopedia Britannica, 12th ed. 1921 (a two-volume supplement to the 11th edition), vol. XXX, pp. 323-324, and vol. XXX, pp. 348-349.
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The 11th edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica was the last edition which appeared before the First World War destroyed the old liberal order in Europe. The next edition, the 12th, reproduced the 11th edition with the addition of 4 supplementary volumes which covered the war and its immediate aftermath. This article is part of the supplementary volumes.
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