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John Milton, The Poetical Works of John Milton [1900]

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John Milton, The Poetical Works of John Milton, edited after the Original Texts by the Rev. H.C. Beeching M.A. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1900). http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/556

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About this Title:

A modern edition of the major poems of Milton. It contains the shorter poems, Paradise Lost and Regained, and Samson Agonistes.

Copyright information:

The text is in the public domain.

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This material is put online to further the educational goals of Liberty Fund, Inc. Unless otherwise stated in the Copyright Information section above, this material may be used freely for educational and academic purposes. It may not be used in any way for profit.

Table of Contents:

Edition: current; Page: [(i)]

HENRY FROWDE, M.A.

publisher to the university of oxford

LONDON, EDINBURGH, AND NEW YORK

Edition: current; Page: [(ii)]
lf0243_figure_001.jpg
FROM THE AUTOGRAPH MANUSCRIPT SENT TO ROUS, AND PRESERVED IN THE BODLEIAN LIBRARY, OXFORD
Edition: current; Page: [(iii)]
THE POETICAL WORKS OF JOHN MILTON
EDITED AFTER THE ORIGINAL TEXTS BY THE REV. H. C. BEECHING, M.A. balliol college, oxford clark lecturer at trinity college, cambridge
Oxford
AT THE CLARENDON PRESS
1900
Edition: current; Page: [(iv)]

Oxford

PRINTED AT THE CLARENDON PRESS

by horace hart, m.a.

printer to the university

Edition: current; Page: [(v)]

PREFACE.

This edition of Milton’s Poetry is a reprint, as careful as Editor and Printers have been able to make it, from the earliest printed copies of the several poems. First the 1645 volume of the Minor Poems has been printed entire; then follow in order the poems added in the reissue of 1673; the Paradise Lost, from the edition of 1667; and the Paradise Regain’d and Samson Agonistes from the edition of 1671.

The most interesting portion of the book must be reckoned the first section of it, which reproduces for the first time the scarce small octavo of 1645. The only reprint of the Minor Poems in the old spelling, so far as I know, is the one edited by Mitford, but that followed the edition of 1673, which is comparatively uninteresting since it could not have had Milton’s oversight as it passed through the press. We know that it was set up from a copy of the 1645 edition, because it reproduces some pointless eccentricities such as the varying form of the chorus to Psalm cxxxvi; but while it corrects the errata tabulated in that edition it commits many more blunders of its own. It is valuable, however, as the editio princeps of ten of the sonnets, and it contains one important alteration in the Ode on the Nativity. This and all other alterations will be found noted where they occur. I have not thought it necessary to note mere differences of spelling between the two editions, but a word may find place here upon their general character. Generally it may be said that, where the two editions differ, the later spelling is that now in use. Thus words like goddess, darkness, usually written in the first edition with one final s, have two, while on the other hand words like vernall, youthfull, and monosyllables Edition: current; Page: [(vi)] like hugg, farr, lose their double letter. Many monosyllables, e. g. som, cours, glimps, wher, vers, aw, els, don, ey, ly, so written in 1645, take on in 1673 an e mute, while words like harpe, windes, onely, lose it. By a reciprocal change ayr and cipress become air and cypress; and the vowels in daign, vail, neer, beleeve, sheild, boosom, eeven, battail, travailer, and many other words are similarly modernized. On the other hand there are a few cases where the 1645 edition exhibits the spelling which has succeeded in fixing itself, as travail (1673, travel) in the sense of labour; and rob’d, profane, human, flood and bloody, forest, triple, alas, huddling, are found where the 1673 edition has roab’d, prophane, humane, floud and bloudy, forrest, tripple, alass and hudling. Indeed the spelling in this later edition is not untouched by seventeenth century inconsistency. It retains here and there forms like shameles, cateres, (where 1645 reads cateress), and occasionally reverts to the older-fashioned spelling of monosyllables without the mute e. In the Epitaph on the Marchioness of Winchester, it reads—‘And som flowers and some bays.’ But undoubtedly the impression on the whole is of a much more modern text.

In the matter of small or capital letters I have followed the old copy, except in one or two places where a personification seemed not plainly enough marked to a modern reader without a capital. Thus in Il Penseroso, l. 49, I print Leasure, although both editions read leasure; and in the Vacation Exercise, l. 71, Times for times. Also where the employment or omission of a capital is plainly due to misprinting, as too frequently in the 1673 edition, I silently make the correction. Examples are, notes for Notes in Sonnet xvii. l. 13; Anointed for anointed in Psalm ii. l. 12.

In regard to punctuation I have followed the old printers except in obvious misprints, and followed them also, as far as possible, in their distribution of roman and italic type and in the grouping of words and lines in the various titles. To follow them exactly was impossible, as the books are so very different in size.

At this point the candid reader may perhaps ask what advantage is gained by presenting these poems to modern readers in the dress of a bygone age. If the question were put to me I should probably evade it by pointing out that Mr. Frowde is issuing an edition based upon this, in which the spelling is frankly that of to-day. But if the question were pressed, I think a sufficient answer might be found. To begin with, I should point out that even Prof. Masson, who in his excellent edition argues the point and decides in favour of modern spelling, allows that Edition: current; Page: [(vii)] ‘there are peculiarities of Milton’s spelling which are really significant, and ought therefore to be noted or preserved.’ But who is to determine exactly which words are spelt according to the poet’s own instructions, and which according to the printer’s whim? It is notorious that in Paradise Lost some words were spelt upon a deliberate system, and it may very well happen that in the volume of minor poems which the poet saw through the press in 1645, there were spellings no less systematic. Prof. Masson makes a great point of the fact that Milton’s own spelling, exhibited in the autograph manuscript of some of the minor poems preserved in Trinity College, Cambridge, does not correspond with that of the printed copy1. This is certainly true, as the reader may see for himself by comparing the passage from the manuscript given in the appendix with the corresponding place in the text. Milton’s own spelling revels in redundant e’s, while the printer of the 1645 book is very sparing of them. But in cases where the spelling affects the metre, we find that the printed text and Milton’s manuscript closely correspond; and it is upon its value in determining the metre, quite as much as its antiquarian interest, that I should base a justification of this reprint. Take, for instance, such a line as the eleventh of Comus, which Prof. Masson gives as:—

Amongst the enthroned gods on sainted seats.

A reader not learned in Miltonic rhythms will certainly read this line:

Amongst th’ enthronèd gods

But the 1645 edition reads:

Amongst the enthron’d gods

and so does Milton’s manuscript. Again, in line 597, Prof. Masson reads:

  • It shall be in eternal restless change
  • Self-fed and self-consumed. If this fail,
  • The pillared firmament is rottenness, &c.

But the 1645 text and Milton’s manuscript read self-consum’d; Edition: current; Page: [(viii)] after which word there is to be understood a metrical pause to mark the violent transition of the thought.

Again in the second line of the Sonnet to a Nightingale Prof. Masson has:

Warblest at eve when all the woods are still

but the early edition, which probably follows Milton’s spelling, though in this case we have no manuscript to compare, reads ‘Warbl’st.’ So the original text of Samson, l. 670, has ‘temper’st.’

The retention of the old system of punctuation may be less defensible, but I have retained it because it may now and then be of use in determining a point of syntax. The absence of a comma, for example, after the word hearse in the 58th line of the Epitaph on the Marchiones of Winchester, printed by Prof. Masson thus:—

  • And some flowers, and some bays
  • For thy hearse, to strew thy ways,

but in the 1645 edition:—

  • And som Flowers, and som Bays,
  • For thy Hears to strew the ways,

goes to prove that for here must be taken as ’fore.

Of the Paradise Lost there were two editions issued during Milton’s lifetime, and while the first has been taken as our text, all the variants in the second, not being simple misprints, have been recorded in the notes. In one respect, however, in the distribution of the poem into twelve books instead of ten, it has seemed best, for the sake of practical convenience, to follow the second edition. A word may be allowed here on the famous correction among the Errata prefixed to the first edition; ‘Lib. 2. v. 414, for we read wee.’ This correction shows not only that Milton had theories about spelling, but also that he found means, though his sight was gone, to ascertain whether his rules had been carried out by his printer; and in itself this fact justifies a facsimile reprint. What the principle in the use of the double vowel exactly was (and it is found to affect the other monosyllabic pronouns) it is not so easy to discover, though roughly it is clear the reduplication was intended to mark emphasis. For example, in the speech of the Divine Son after the battle in heaven (vi. 810-817) the pronouns which the voice would naturally emphasize are spelt with the double vowel:

Edition: current; Page: [(ix)]
  • Stand onely and behold
  • Gods indignation on these Godless pourd
  • By mee; not you but mee they have despis’d,
  • Yet envied; against mee is all thir rage,
  • Because the Father, t’whom in Heav’n supream
  • Kingdom and Power and Glorie appertains,
  • Hath honourd me according to his will.
  • Therefore to mee thir doom he hath assig’n’d.

In the Son’s speech offering himself as Redeemer (iii. 227-249) where the pronoun all through is markedly emphasized, it is printed mee the first four times, and afterwards me; but it is noticeable that these first four times the emphatic word does not stand in the stressed place of the verse, so that a careless reader might not emphasize it, unless his attention were specially called by some such sign:

  • Behold mee then, mee for him, life for life
  • I offer, on mee let thine anger fall;
  • Account mee man.

In the Hymn of Creation (v. 160-209) where ye occurs fourteen times, the emphasis and the metrical stress six times out of seven coincide, and the pronoun is spelt yee; where it is unemphatic, and in an unstressed place, it is spelt ye. Two lines are especially instructive:

Speak yee who best can tell, ye Sons of light

(l. 160);

and

  • Fountains and yee, that warble, as ye flow,
  • Melodious murmurs, warbling tune his praise
  • (l. 195).

In v. 694 it marks, as the voice by its emphasis would mark in reading, a change of subject:

  • So spake the false Arch-Angel, and infus’d
  • Bad influence into th’ unwarie brest
  • Of his Associate; hee (i. e. the associate) together calls, &c.

An examination of other passages, where there is no antithesis, goes to show that the lengthened form of the pronoun is most frequent before a pause (as vii. 95); or at the end of a line (i. 245, 257); or when a foot is inverted (v. 133); or when as object it precedes its verb (v. 612; vii. 747), or as subject follows it (ix. 1109; x. 4). But as we might expect under circumstances where a purist could not correct his own proofs, there are not a few inconsistencies. There does not seem, for example, any special emphasis in the second we of the following passage:

  • Freely we serve.
  • Because wee freely love, as in our will
  • To love or not; in this we stand or fall
  • (v. 538).
Edition: current; Page: [(x)]

On the other hand, in the passage (iii. 41) in which the poet speaks of his own blindness:

  • Thus with the Year
  • Seasons return, but not to me returns
  • Day, &c.

where, if anywhere, we should expect mee, we do not find it, though it occurs in the speech eight lines below. It should be added that this differentiation of the pronouns is not found in any printed poem of Milton’s before Paradise Lost, nor is it found in the Cambridge autograph. In that manuscript the constant forms are me, wee, yee. There is one place where there is a difference in the spelling of she, and it is just possible that this may not be due to accident. In the first verse of the song in Arcades, the MS. reads:

This, this is shee;

and in the third verse:

This, this is she alone.

This use of the double vowel is found a few times in Paradise Regain’d; in ii. 259 and iv. 486, 497 where mee begins a line, and in iv. 638 where hee is specially emphatic in the concluding lines of the poem. In Samson Agonistes it is more frequent (e. g. lines 124, 178, 193, 220, 252, 290, 1125). Another word the spelling of which in Paradise Lost will be observed to vary is the pronoun their, which is spelt sometimes thir. The spelling in the Cambridge manuscript is uniformly thire, except once when it is thir; and where their once occurs in the writing of an amanuensis the e is struck through. That the difference is not merely a printer’s device to accommodate his line may be seen by a comparison of lines 358 and 363 in the First Book, where the shorter word comes in the shorter line. It is probable that the lighter form of the word was intended to be used when it was quite unemphatic. Contrast, for example, in Book iii. l. 59:

His own works and their works at once to view

with line 113:

Thir maker and thir making and thir Fate.

But the use is not consistent, and the form thir is not found at all till the 349th line of the First Book. The distinction is kept up in the Paradise Regain’d and Samson Agonistes, but, if possible, with even less consistency. Such passages, however, as Paradise Regain’d, iii. 414-440; Samson Agonistes, 880-890, are certainly Edition: current; Page: [(xi)] spelt upon a method, and it is noticeable that in the choruses the lighter form is universal.

Paradise Regain’d and Samson Agonistes were published in 1671, and no further edition was called for in the remaining three years of the poet’s lifetime, so that in the case of these poems there are no new readings to record; and the texts were so carefully revised, that only one fault (Paradise Regain’d, ii. 309) was left for correction later. In these and the other poems I have corrected the misprints catalogued in the tables of Errata, and I have silently corrected any other unless it might be mistaken for a various reading, when I have called attention to it in a note. Thus I have not recorded such blunders as Letbian for Lesbian in the 1645 text of Lycidas, line 63; or hallow for hollow in Paradise Lost, vi. 484; but I have noted content for concent, in At a Solemn Musick, line 6.

In conclusion I have to offer my sincere thanks to all who have collaborated with me in preparing this Edition; to the Delegates of the Oxford Press for allowing me to undertake it and decorate it with so many facsimiles; to the Controller of the Press for his unfailing courtesy; to the printers and printer’s reader for their care and pains. I have also to thank the Curators of the Bodleian Library for their permission to reproduce a portion of Milton’s autograph poem addressed to Rous, Bodley’s Librarian of that day; and the Council of Trinity College, Cambridge, for leave to reproduce a page from their priceless manuscript of the Minor Poems. Coming nearer home I cannot but acknowledge the help I have received in looking over proof-sheets from my sister, Mrs. P. A. Barnett, who has ungrudgingly put at the service of this book both time and eyesight. In taking leave of it, I may be permitted to say that it has cost more of both these inestimable treasures than I had anticipated. The last proof reaches me just a year after the first, and the progress of the work has not in the interval been interrupted. In tenui labor et tenuis gloria. Nevertheless I cannot be sorry it was undertaken.

H. C. B.
Edition: current; Page: [(xii)]

CONTENTS.

  • Miscellaneous Poems
    • On the Morning of Christs Nativity . . . . . page 1
      • The Hymn . . . . . . . . . . 2
    • A Paraphrase on Psalm 114 . . . . . . . 9
    • Psalm 136 . . . . . . . . . . . 9
    • The Passion . . . . . . . . . . 12
    • On Time . . . . . . . . . . . 14
    • Upon the Circumcision . . . . . . . . 14
    • At a Solemn Musick . . . . . . . . . 15
    • An Epitaph on the Marchioness of Winchester . . . 16
    • Song on May morning . . . . . . . . 18
    • On Shakespear. 1630 . . . . . . . . 18
    • On the University Carrier . . . . . . . 19
    • Another on the same . . . . . . . . 19
    • L’Allegro . . . . . . . . . . . 20
    • Il Penseroso . . . . . . . . . . 24
    • Sonnets (I-X) . . . . . . . . . 28-32
    • Arcades . . . . . . . . . . . 33
    • Lycidas . . . . . . . . . . . 37
    • A Maske presented at Ludlow Castle, 1634 . . . . 43
    • Poems added in the 1673 Edition
      • On the Death of a fair Infant . . . . . . 76
      • At a Vacation Exercise . . . . . . . . 79
      • The Fifth Ode of Horace. Lib. I . . . . . 82
      • Sonnets (XI-XIX) . . . . . . . . 82-86
      • Sonnet—On the new forcers of Conscience under the Long Parliament . . . . . . . . 86
    • Sonnet—On the Lord Gen. Fairfax at the seige of Colchester . 87
    • Sonnet—To the Lord Generall Cromwell May 1652 . . . 88
    • Sonnet—To Sr Henry Vane the younger . . . . . 88
    • Sonnet—To Mr. Cyriack Skinner upon his Blindness . . . 89 Edition: current; Page: [(xiii)]
    • Psalms I-VIII. Done into Verse, 1653 . . . . 89-96
    • Psalms LXXX-LXXXVIII. Done into Metre, 1648 . . 97-110
    • Passages translated in the Prose Writings . . . . 111
    • Addresses to Milton . . . . . . . . 117
    • Elegiarum Liber . . . . . . . . . 122
    • Sylvarum Liber . . . . . . . . . . 143
  • Paradise Lost
    • Book I . . . . . . . . . . . 181
    • Book II . . . . . . . . . . . 201
    • Book III . . . . . . . . . . . 227
    • Book IV . . . . . . . . . . . 246
    • Book V . . . . . . . . . . . 272
    • Book VI . . . . . . . . . . . 295
    • Book VII . . . . . . . . . . . 318
    • Book VIII . . . . . . . . . . . 334
    • Book IX . . . . . . . . . . . 351
    • Book X . . . . . . . . . . . 381
    • Book XI . . . . . . . . . . . 409
    • Book XII . . . . . . . . . . . 432
  • Paradise Regain’d
    • Book I . . . . . . . . . . . 451
    • Book II . . . . . . . . . . . 464
    • Book III . . . . . . . . . . . 476
    • Book IV . . . . . . . . . . 487
  • Samson Agonistes . . . . . . . . . 503
  • Appendix
    • Specimen of Milton’s spelling, from Cambridge autograph MS . 553
    • Note of a few readings from the same . . . . . 554
    • Erratum . . . . . . . . . . . 554
Edition: current; Page: [(xiv)]

POEMS OF Mr. John Milton, BOTH ENGLISH and LATIN, Compos’d at several times.

Printed by his true Copies.

The Songs were set in Musick by Mr. Henry Lawes Gentleman of the Kings Chappel, and one of His Maiesties Private Musick.

Baccare frontem Cingite, ne vati noceat mala lingua futuro, Virgil, Eclog. 7.

Printed and publish’d according to ORDER.

LONDON, Printed by Ruth Raworth for Humphrey Moseley, and are to be sold at the signe of the Princes Arms in S. Pauls Church-yard. 1645.

Edition: current; Page: [(xv)]

POEMS,&c. upon Several Occasions.

BY Mr. JOHN MILTON:

Both ENGLISH and LATIN,&c.

Composed at several times.

With a small Tractate of EDUCATION To Mr. HARTLIB

LONDON,

Printed for Tho. Dring at the Blew Anchor next Mitre Court over against Fetter Lane in Fleet-Street. 1673.

Edition: current; Page: [(xvi)]

THE STATIONER

TO THE READER.

It is not any private respect of gain, Gentle Reader, for the slightest Pamphlet is now adayes more vendible then the Works of learnedest men; but it is the love I have to our own Language that hath made me diligent to collect, and set forth such Peeces both in Prose and Vers as may renew the wonted honour and esteem of our English tongue: and it’s the worth of these both English and Latin Poems, not the flourish of any prefixed encomions that can invite thee to buy them, though these are not without the highest Commendations and Applause of the learnedst Academicks, both domestick and forrein: And amongst those of our own Countrey, the unparallel’d attestation of that renowned Provost of Eaton, Sir Henry Wootton: I know not thy palat how it relishes such dainties, nor how harmonious thy soul is; perhaps more trivial Airs may please thee better. But howsoever thy opinion is spent upon these, that incouragement I have already received from the most ingenious men in their clear and courteous entertainment of Mr. Wallers late choice Peeces, hath once more made me adventure into the World, presenting it with these ever-green, and not to be blasted Laurels. The Authors more peculiar excellency in these studies, was too well known to conceal his Papers, or to keep me from attempting to sollicit them from him. Let the event guide it self which way it will, I shall deserve of the age, by bringing into the Light as true a Birth, as the Muses have brought forth since our famous Spencer wrote; whose Poems in these English ones are as rarely imitated, as sweetly excell’d. Reader, if thou art Eagle-eied to censure their worth, I am not fearful to expose them to thy exactest perusal.

Thine to command
Humph. Moseley.
Edition: current; Page: [(1)]

MISCELLANEOUS POEMS.

On the Morning of Christs Nativity.

  • Compos’d 1629.

  • I
  • This is the Month, and this the happy morn
  • Wherin the Son of Heav’ns eternal King,
  • Of wedded Maid, and Virgin Mother born,
  • Our great redemption from above did bring;
  • For so the holy sages once did sing,
  • That he our deadly forfeit should release,
  • And with his Father work us a perpetual peace.
  • II
  • That glorious Form, that Light unsufferable,
  • And that far-beaming blaze of Majesty,
  • Wherwith he wont at Heav’ns high Councel-Table,originalEd: 10
  • To sit the midst of Trinal Unity,
  • He laid aside; and here with us to be,
  • Forsook the Courts of everlasting Day,
  • And chose with us a darksom House of mortal Clay.
  • III
  • Say Heav’nly Muse, shall not thy sacred vein
  • Afford a present to the Infant God?
  • Hast thou no vers, no hymn, or solemn strein,
  • To welcom him to this his new abode,
  • Now while the Heav’n by the Suns team untrod,
  • Hath took no print of the approching light,originalEd: 20
  • And all the spangled host keep watch in squadrons bright?
Edition: current; Page: [(2)]
  • IV
  • See how from far upon the Eastern rode
  • The Star-led Wisards haste with odours sweet,
  • O run, prevent them with thy humble ode,
  • And lay it lowly at his blessed feet;
  • Have thou the honour first, thy Lord to greet,
  • And joyn thy voice unto the Angel Quire,
  • From out his secret Altar toucht with hallow’d fire.

The Hymn.

  • I
  • It was the Winter wilde,
  • While the Heav’n-born-childe,originalEd: 30
  • All meanly wrapt in the rude manger lies;
  • Nature in aw to him
  • Had doff’t her gawdy trim,
  • With her great Master so to sympathize:
  • It was no season then for her
  • To wanton with the Sun her lusty Paramour.
  • II
  • Only with speeches fair
  • She woo’s the gentle Air
  • To hide her guilty front with innocent Snow,
  • And on her naked shame,originalEd: 40
  • Pollute with sinfull blame,
  • The Saintly Vail of Maiden white to throw,
  • Confounded, that her Makers eyes
  • Should look so neer upon her foul deformities.
  • III
  • But he her fears to cease,
  • Sent down the meek-eyd Peace,
  • She crown’d with Olive green, came softly sliding
  • Down through the turning sphear
  • His ready Harbinger,
  • With Turtle wing the amorous clouds dividing,originalEd: 50
  • And waving wide her mirtle wand,
  • She strikes a universall Peace through Sea and Land.
Edition: current; Page: [(3)]
  • IV
  • No War, or Battails sound
  • Was heard the World around,
  • The idle spear and shield were high up hung;
  • The hooked Chariot stood
  • Unstain’d with hostile blood,
  • The Trumpet spake not to the armed throng,
  • And Kings sate still with awfull eye,
  • As if they surely knew their sovran Lord was by.originalEd: 60
  • V
  • But peacefull was the night
  • Wherin the Prince of light
  • His raign of peace upon the earth began:
  • The Windes with wonder whist,
  • Smoothly the waters kist,
  • Whispering new joyes to the milde Ocean,
  • Who now hath quite forgot to rave,
  • While Birds of Calm sit brooding on the charmed wave.
  • VI
  • The Stars with deep amaze
  • Stand fixt in stedfast gaze,originalEd: 70
  • Bending one way their pretious influence,
  • And will not take their flight,
  • For all the morning light,
  • Or Lucifer that often warn’d them thence;
  • But in their glimmering Orbs did glow,
  • Untill their Lord himself bespake, and bid them go.
  • VII
  • And though the shady gloom
  • Had given day her room,
  • The Sun himself with-held his wonted speed,
  • And hid his head for shame,originalEd: 80
  • As his inferiour flame,
  • The new enlightn’d world no more should need;
  • He saw a greater Sun appear
  • Then his bright Throne, or burning Axletree could bear.
Edition: current; Page: [(4)]
  • VIII
  • The Shepherds on the Lawn,
  • Or ere the point of dawn,
  • Sate simply chatting in a rustick row;
  • Full little thought they than,
  • That the mighty Pan
  • Was kindly com to live with them below;originalEd: 90
  • Perhaps their loves, or els their sheep,
  • Was all that did their silly thoughts so busie keep.
  • IX
  • When such musick sweet
  • Their hearts and ears did greet,
  • As never was by mortall finger strook,
  • Divinely-warbled voice
  • Answering the stringed noise,
  • As all their souls in blisfull rapture took:
  • The Air such pleasure loth to lose,
  • With thousand echo’s still prolongs each heav’nly close.
  • X
  • Nature that heard such soundoriginalEd: 101
  • Beneath the hollow round
  • Of Cynthia’s seat, the Airy region thrilling,
  • Now was almost won
  • To think her part was don,
  • And that her raign had here its last fulfilling;
  • She knew such harmony alone
  • Could hold all Heav’n and Earth in happier union.
  • XI
  • At last surrounds their sight
  • A Globe of circular light,originalEd: 110
  • That with long beams the shame-fac’t night array’d,
  • The helmed Cherubim
  • And sworded Seraphim,
  • Are seen in glittering ranks with wings displaid,
  • Harping in loud and solemn quire,
  • With unexpressive notes to Heav’ns new-born Heir.
Edition: current; Page: [(5)]
  • XII
  • Such Musick (as ’tis said)
  • Before was never made,
  • But when of old the sons of morning sung,
  • While the Creator GreatoriginalEd: 120
  • His constellations set,
  • And the well-ballanc’t world on hinges hung,
  • And cast the dark foundations deep,
  • And bid the weltring waves their oozy channel keep.
  • XIII
  • Ring out ye Crystall sphears,
  • Once bless our human ears,
  • (If ye have power to touch our senses so)
  • And let your silver chime
  • Move in melodious time;
  • And let the Base of Heav’ns deep Organ blow,originalEd: 130
  • And with your ninefold harmony
  • Make up full consort to th’Angelike symphony.
  • XIV
  • For if such holy Song
  • Enwrap our fancy long,
  • Time will run back, and fetch the age of gold,
  • And speckl’d vanity
  • Will sicken soon and die,
  • And leprous sin will melt from earthly mould,
  • And Hell it self will pass away,
  • And leave her dolorous mansions to the peering day.originalEd: 140
  • XV
  • Yea Truth, and Justice then
  • Will down return to men,
  • Th’enameld Arras of the Rain-bow wearing,
  • And Mercy set between,
  • Thron’d in Celestiall sheen,
  • With radiant feet the tissued clouds down stearing,
  • And Heav’n as at som festivall,
  • Will open wide the Gates of her high Palace Hall.

143-4 Orb’d in a Rain-bow; and like glories wearing Mercy will sit between 1673

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  • XVI
  • But wisest Fate sayes no,
  • This must not yet be so,originalEd: 150
  • The Babe lies yet in smiling Infancy,
  • That on the bitter cross
  • Must redeem our loss;
  • So both himself and us to glorifie:
  • Yet first to those ychain’d in sleep,
  • The wakefull trump of doom must thunder through the deep,
  • XVII
  • With such a horrid clang
  • As on mount Sinai rang
  • While the red fire, and smouldring clouds out brake:
  • The aged Earth agastoriginalEd: 160
  • With terrour of that blast,
  • Shall from the surface to the center shake;
  • When at the worlds last session,
  • The dreadfull Judge in middle Air shall spread his throne.
  • XVIII
  • And then at last our bliss
  • Full and perfect is,
  • But now begins; for from this happy day
  • Th’old Dragon under ground
  • In straiter limits bound,
  • Not half so far casts his usurped sway,originalEd: 170
  • And wrath to see his Kingdom fail,
  • Swindges the scaly Horrour of his foulded tail.
  • XIX
  • The Oracles are dumm,
  • No voice or hideous humm
  • Runs through the arched roof in words deceiving.
  • Apollo from his shrine
  • Can no more divine,
  • With hollow shreik the steep of Delphos leaving.
  • No nightly trance, or breathed spell,
  • Inspire’s the pale-ey’d Priest from the prophetic cell.originalEd: 180
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  • XX
  • The lonely mountains o’re,
  • And the resounding shore,
  • A voice of weeping heard, and loud lament;
  • From haunted spring, and dale
  • Edg’d with poplar pale,
  • The parting Genius is with sighing sent,
  • With flowre-inwov’n tresses torn
  • The Nimphs in twilight shade of tangled thickets mourn.
  • XXI
  • In consecrated Earth,
  • And on the holy Hearth,originalEd: 190
  • The Lars, and Lemures moan with midnight plaint,
  • In Urns, and Altars round,
  • A drear, and dying sound
  • Affrights the Flamins at their service quaint;
  • And the chill Marble seems to sweat,
  • While each peculiar power forgoes his wonted seat.
  • XXII
  • Peor, and Baalim,
  • Forsake their Temples dim,
  • With that twise-batter’d god of Palestine,
  • And mooned Ashtaroth,originalEd: 200
  • Heav’ns Queen and Mother both,
  • Now sits not girt with Tapers holy shine,
  • The Libyc Hammon shrinks his horn,
  • In vain the Tyrian Maids their wounded Thamuz mourn.
  • XXIII
  • And sullen Moloch fled,
  • Hath left in shadows dred,
  • His burning Idol all of blackest hue,
  • In vain with Cymbals ring,
  • They call the grisly king,
  • In dismall dance about the furnace blue;originalEd: 210
  • The brutish gods of Nile as fast,
  • Isis and Orus, and the Dog Anubis hast.
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  • XXIV
  • Nor is Osiris seen
  • In Memphian Grove, or Green,
  • Trampling the unshowr’d Grasse with lowings loud:
  • Nor can he be at rest
  • Within his sacred chest,
  • Naught but profoundest Hell can be his shroud,
  • In vain with Timbrel’d Anthems dark
  • The sable-stoled Sorcerers bear his worshipt Ark.originalEd: 220
  • XXV
  • He feels from Juda’s Land
  • The dredded Infants hand,
  • The rayes of Bethlehem blind his dusky eyn;
  • Nor all the gods beside,
  • Longer dare abide,
  • Not Typhon huge ending in snaky twine:
  • Our Babe to shew his Godhead true,
  • Can in his swadling bands controul the damned crew.
  • XXVI
  • So when the Sun in bed,
  • Curtain’d with cloudy red,originalEd: 230
  • Pillows his chin upon an Orient wave,
  • The flocking shadows pale,
  • Troop to th’infernall jail,
  • Each fetter’d Ghost slips to his severall grave,
  • And the yellow-skirted Fayes,
  • Fly after the Night-steeds, leaving their Moon-lov’d maze.
  • XXVII
  • But see the Virgin blest,
  • Hath laid her Babe to rest.
  • Time is our tedious Song should here have ending,
  • Heav’ns youngest teemed Star,originalEd: 240
  • Hath fixt her polisht Car,
  • Her sleeping Lord with Handmaid Lamp attending:
  • And all about the Courtly Stable,
  • Bright-harnest Angels sit in order serviceable.
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A Paraphrase on Psalm 114.

This and the following Psalm were don by the Author at fifteen yeers old.

  • When the blest seed of Terah’s faithfull Son,
  • After long toil their liberty had won,
  • And past from Pharian fields to Canaan Land,
  • Led by the strength of the Almighties hand,
  • Jehovah’s wonders were in Israel shown,
  • His praise and glory was in Israel known.
  • That saw the troubl’d Sea, and shivering fled,
  • And sought to hide his froth-becurled head
  • Low in the earth, Jordans clear streams recoil,
  • As a faint host that hath receiv’d the foil.originalEd: 10
  • The high, huge-bellied Mountains skip like Rams
  • Amongst their Ews, the little Hills like Lambs.
  • Why fled the Ocean? And why skipt the Mountains?
  • Why turned Jordan toward his Crystall Fountains?
  • Shake earth, and at the presence be agast
  • Of him that ever was, and ay shall last,
  • That glassy flouds from rugged rocks can crush,
  • And make soft rills from fiery flint-stones gush.

Psalm 136.

    • Let us with a gladsom mind
    • Praise the Lord, for he is kind,
    • For his mercies ay endure,
    • Ever faithfull, ever sure.
    • Let us blaze his Name abroad,
    • For of gods he is the God;
    • For, &c.
    • O let us his praises tell,
    • That doth the wrathfull tyrants quell.originalEd: 10
    • For, &c.
    • That with his miracles doth make
    • Amazed Heav’n and Earth to shake.
    • For, &c.
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    • That by his wisdom did create
    • The painted Heav’ns so full of state.
    • For, &c.originalEd: 20
    • That did the solid Earth ordain
    • To rise above the watry plain.
    • For, &c.
    • That by his all-commanding might,
    • Did fill the new-made world with light.
    • For, &c.
    • And caus’d the Golden-tressed Sun,
    • All the day long his cours to run.originalEd: 30
    • For, &c.
    • The horned Moon to shine by night,
    • Amongst her spangled sisters bright.
    • For, &c.
    • He with his thunder-clasping hand,
    • Smote the first-born of Egypt Land.
    • For, &c.originalEd: 40
    • And in despight of Pharao fell,
    • He brought from thence his Israel.
    • For, &c.
    • The ruddy waves he cleft in twain,
    • Of the Erythræan main.
    • For, &c.
    • The floods stood still like Walls of Glass,
    • While the Hebrew Bands did pass.originalEd: 50
    • For, &c.
    • But full soon they did devour
    • The Tawny King with all his power.
    • For, &c.
    • His chosen people he did bless
    • In the wastfull Wildernes.
    • For, &c.originalEd: 60
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    • In bloody battail he brought down
    • Kings of prowess and renown.
    • For, &c.
    • He foild bold Seon and his host,
    • That rul’d the Amorrean coast.
    • For, &c.
    • And large-lim’d Og he did subdue,
    • With all his over hardy crew.originalEd: 70
    • For, &c.
    • And to his Servant Israel,
    • He gave their Land therin to dwell.
    • For, &c.
    • He hath with a piteous eye
    • Beheld us in our misery.
    • For, &c.originalEd: 80
    • And freed us from the slavery
    • Of the invading enimy.
    • For, &c.
    • All living creatures he doth feed,
    • And with full hand supplies their need.
    • For, &c.
    • Let us therfore warble forth
    • His mighty Majesty and worth.originalEd: 90
    • For, &c.
    • That his mansion hath on high
    • Above the reach of mortall ey.
    • For his mercies ay endure,
    • Ever faithfull, ever sure.
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The Passion.

  • I
  • Ere-while of Musick, and Ethereal mirth,
  • Wherwith the stage of Ayr and Earth did ring,
  • And joyous news of heav’nly Infants birth,
  • My muse with Angels did divide to sing;
  • But headlong joy is ever on the wing,
  • In Wintry solstice like the shortn’d light
  • Soon swallow’d up in dark and long out-living night.
  • II
  • For now to sorrow must I tune my song,
  • And set my Harpe to notes of saddest wo,
  • Which on our dearest Lord did sease er’e long,originalEd: 10
  • Dangers, and snares, and wrongs, and worse then so,
  • Which he for us did freely undergo.
  • Most perfect Heroe, try’d in heaviest plight
  • Of labours huge and hard, too hard for human wight.
  • III
  • He sov’ran Priest stooping his regall head
  • That dropt with odorous oil down his fair eyes,
  • Poor fleshly Tabernacle entered,
  • His starry front low-rooft beneath the skies;
  • O what a Mask was there, what a disguise!
  • Yet more; the stroke of death he must abide,originalEd: 20
  • Then lies him meekly down fast by his Brethrens side.
  • IV
  • These latter scenes confine my roving vers,
  • To this Horizon is my Phoebus bound,
  • His Godlike acts, and his temptations fierce,
  • And former sufferings other where are found;
  • Loud o’re the rest Cremona’s Trump doth sound;
  • Me softer airs befit, and softer strings
  • Of Lute, or Viol still, more apt for mournful things.
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  • V
  • Befriend me night best Patroness of grief,
  • Over the Pole thy thickest mantle throw,originalEd: 30
  • And work my flatter’d fancy to belief,
  • That Heav’n and Earth are colour’d with my wo;
  • My sorrows are too dark for day to know:
  • The leaves should all be black wheron I write,
  • And letters where my tears have washt a wannish white.
  • VI
  • See see the Chariot, and those rushing wheels,
  • That whirl’d the Prophet up at Chebar flood,
  • My spirit som transporting Cherub feels,
  • To bear me where the Towers of Salem stood,
  • Once glorious Towers, now sunk in guiltles blood;originalEd: 40
  • There doth my soul in holy vision sit
  • In pensive trance, and anguish, and ecstatick fit.
  • VII
  • Mine eye hath found that sad Sepulchral rock
  • That was the Casket of Heav’ns richest store,
  • And here though grief my feeble hands up-lock,
  • Yet on the softned Quarry would I score
  • My plaining vers as lively as before;
  • For sure so well instructed are my tears,
  • That they would fitly fall in order’d Characters.
  • VIII
  • Or should I thence hurried on viewles wing,originalEd: 50
  • Take up a weeping on the Mountains wilde,
  • The gentle neighbourhood of grove and spring
  • Would soon unboosom all their Echoes milde,
  • And I (for grief is easily beguild)
  • Might think th’infection of my sorrows loud,
  • Had got a race of mourners on som pregnant cloud.

This Subject the Author finding to be above the yeers he had, when he wrote it, and nothing satisfi’d with what was begun, left it unfinisht.

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On Time.

  • Fly envious Time, till thou run out thy race,
  • Call on the lazy leaden-stepping hours,
  • Whose speed is but the heavy Plummets pace;
  • And glut thy self with what thy womb devours,
  • Which is no more then what is false and vain,
  • And meerly mortal dross;
  • So little is our loss,
  • So little is thy gain.
  • For when as each thing bad thou hast entomb’d,
  • And last of all, thy greedy self consum’d,originalEd: 10
  • Then long Eternity shall greet our bliss
  • With an individual kiss;
  • And Joy shall overtake us as a flood,
  • When every thing that is sincerely good
  • And perfectly divine,
  • With Truth, and Peace, and Love shall ever shine
  • About the supreme Throne
  • Of him, t’whose happy-making sight alone,
  • When once our heav’nly-guided soul shall clime,
  • Then all this Earthy grosnes quit,originalEd: 20
  • Attir’d with Stars, we shall for ever sit,
  • Triumphing over Death, and Chance, and thee O Time.

Upon the Circumcision.

  • Ye flaming Powers, and winged Warriours bright,
  • That erst with Musick, and triumphant song
  • First heard by happy watchful Shepherds ear,
  • So sweetly sung your Joy the Clouds along
  • Through the soft silence of the list’ning night;
  • Now mourn, and if sad share with us to bear
  • Your fiery essence can distill no tear,
  • Burn in your sighs, and borrow
  • Seas wept from our deep sorrow,
  • He who with all Heav’ns heraldry whileareoriginalEd: 10
  • Enter’d the world, now bleeds to give us ease;
  • Alas, how soon our sin
  • Sore doth begin
  • His Infancy to sease!
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  • O more exceeding love or law more just?
  • Just law indeed, but more exceeding love!
  • For we by rightfull doom remediles
  • Were lost in death, till he that dwelt above
  • High thron’d in secret bliss, for us frail dust
  • Emptied his glory, ev’n to nakedness;originalEd: 20
  • And that great Cov’nant which we still transgress
  • Intirely satisfi’d,
  • And the full wrath beside
  • Of vengeful Justice bore for our excess,
  • And seals obedience first with wounding smart
  • This day, but O ere long
  • Huge pangs and strong
  • Will pierce more neer his heart.

At a Solemn Musick.

  • Blest pair of Sirens, pledges of Heav’ns joy,
  • Sphear-born harmonious Sisters, Voice, and Vers,
  • Wed your divine sounds, and mixt power employ
  • Dead things with inbreath’d sense able to pierce,
  • And to our high-rais’d phantasie present,
  • That undisturbed Song of pure content,
  • Ay sung before the saphire-colour’d throne
  • To him that sits theron
  • With Saintly shout, and solemn Jubily,
  • Where the bright Seraphim in burning roworiginalEd: 10
  • Their loud up-lifted Angel trumpets blow,
  • And the Cherubick host in thousand quires
  • Touch their immortal Harps of golden wires,
  • With those just Spirits that wear victorious Palms,
  • Hymns devout and holy Psalms
  • Singing everlastingly;
  • That we on Earth with undiscording voice
  • May rightly answer that melodious noise;
  • As once we did, till disproportion’d sin
  • Jarr’d against natures chime, and with harsh dinoriginalEd: 20
  • Broke the fair musick that all creatures made
  • To their great Lord, whose love their motion sway’d
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  • In perfect Diapason, whilst they stood
  • In first obedience, and their state of good.
  • O may we soon again renew that Song
  • And keep in tune with Heav’n, till God ere long
  • To his celestial consort us unite,
  • To live with him, and sing in endles morn of light.

An Epitaph on the Marchioness of Winchester.

  • This rich Marble doth enterr
  • The honour’d Wife of Winchester,
  • A Vicounts daughter, an Earls heir,
  • Besides what her vertues fair
  • Added to her noble birth,
  • More then she could own from Earth.
  • Summers three times eight save one
  • She had told, alas too soon,
  • After so short time of breath,
  • To house with darknes, and with death.originalEd: 10
  • Yet had the number of her days
  • Bin as compleat as was her praise,
  • Nature and fate had had no strife
  • In giving limit to her life.
  • Her high birth, and her graces sweet,
  • Quickly found a lover meet;
  • The Virgin quire for her request
  • The God that sits at marriage feast;
  • He at their invoking came
  • But with a scarce-wel-lighted flame;originalEd: 20
  • And in his Garland as he stood,
  • Ye might discern a Cipress bud.
  • Once had the early Matrons run
  • To greet her of a lovely son,
  • And now with second hope she goes,
  • And calls Lucina to her throws;
  • But whether by mischance or blame
  • Atropos for Lucina came;
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  • And with remorsles cruelty,
  • Spoil’d at once both fruit and tree:originalEd: 30
  • The haples Babe before his birth
  • Had burial, yet not laid in earth,
  • And the languisht Mothers Womb
  • Was not long a living Tomb.
  • So have I seen som tender slip
  • Sav’d with care from Winters nip,
  • The pride of her carnation train,
  • Pluck’t up by som unheedy swain,
  • Who onely thought to crop the flowr
  • New shot up from vernall showr;originalEd: 40
  • But the fair blossom hangs the head
  • Side-ways as on a dying bed,
  • And those Pearls of dew she wears,
  • Prove to be presaging tears
  • Which the sad morn had let fall
  • On her hast’ning funerall.
  • Gentle Lady may thy grave
  • Peace and quiet ever have;
  • After this thy travail sore
  • Sweet rest sease thee evermore,originalEd: 50
  • That to give the world encrease,
  • Shortned hast thy own lives lease;
  • Here besides the sorrowing
  • That thy noble House doth bring,
  • Here be tears of perfect moan
  • Weept for thee in Helicon,
  • And som Flowers, and som Bays,
  • For thy Hears to strew the ways,
  • Sent thee from the banks of Came,
  • Devoted to thy vertuous name;originalEd: 60
  • Whilst thou bright Saint high sit’st in glory,
  • Next her much like to thee in story,
  • That fair Syrian Shepherdess,
  • Who after yeers of barrennes,
  • The highly favour’d Joseph bore
  • To him that serv’d for her before,
  • And at her next birth much like thee,
  • Through pangs fled to felicity,
  • Far within the boosom bright
  • Of blazing Majesty and Light,originalEd: 70
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  • There with thee, new welcom Saint,
  • Like fortunes may her soul acquaint,
  • With thee there clad in radiant sheen,
  • No Marchioness, but now a Queen.

SONG

  • On May morning.

  • Now the bright morning Star, Dayes harbinger,
  • Comes dancing from the East, and leads with her
  • The Flowry May, who from her green lap throws
  • The yellow Cowslip, and the pale Primrose.
  • Hail bounteous May that dost inspire
  • Mirth and youth, and warm desire,
  • Woods and Groves, are of thy dressing,
  • Hill and Dale, doth boast thy blessing.
  • Thus we salute thee with our early Song,
  • And welcom thee, and wish thee long.originalEd: 10
  • On Shakespear. 1630.

  • What needs my Shakespear for his honour’d Bones,
  • The labour of an age in piled Stones,
  • Or that his hallow’d reliques should be hid
  • Under a Star-ypointing Pyramid?
  • Dear son of memory, great heir of Fame,
  • What need’st thou such weak witnes of thy name?
  • Thou in our wonder and astonishment
  • Hast built thy self a live-long Monument.
  • For whilst to th’shame of slow-endeavouring art,
  • Thy easie numbers flow, and that each heartoriginalEd: 10
  • Hath from the leaves of thy unvalu’d Book,
  • Those Delphick lines with deep impression took,
  • Then thou our fancy of it self bereaving,
  • Dost make us Marble with too much conceaving;
  • And so Sepulcher’d in such pomp dost lie,
  • That Kings for such a Tomb would wish to die.

On Shakespear. Reprinted 1632 in the second folio Shakespeare: Title] An epitaph on the admirable dramaticke poet W. Shakespeare

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  • On the University Carrier who
    sickn’d in the time of his vacancy, being forbid to go to London, by reason of the Plague.

  • Here lies old Hobson, Death hath broke his girt,
  • And here alas, hath laid him in the dirt,
  • Or els the ways being foul, twenty to one,
  • He’s here stuck in a slough, and overthrown.
  • ’Twas such a shifter, that if truth were known,
  • Death was half glad when he had got him down;
  • For he had any time this ten yeers full,
  • Dodg’d with him, betwixt Cambridge and the Bull.
  • And surely, Death could never have prevail’d,
  • Had not his weekly cours of carriage fail’d;originalEd: 10
  • But lately finding him so long at home,
  • And thinking now his journeys end was come,
  • And that he had tane up his latest Inne,
  • In the kind office of a Chamberlin
  • Shew’d him his room where he must lodge that night,
  • Pull’d off his Boots, and took away the light:
  • If any ask for him, it shall be sed,
  • Hobson has supt, and’s newly gon to bed.

Another on the same.

  • Here lieth one who did most truly prove,
  • That he could never die while he could move,
  • So hung his destiny never to rot
  • While he might still jogg on, and keep his trot,
  • Made of sphear-metal, never to decay
  • Untill his revolution was at stay.
  • Time numbers motion, yet (without a crime
  • ’Gainst old truth) motion number’d out his time:
  • And like an Engin mov’d with wheel and waight,
  • His principles being ceast, he ended strait.originalEd: 10
  • Rest that gives all men life, gave him his death,
  • And too much breathing put him out of breath;
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  • Nor were it contradiction to affirm
  • Too long vacation hastned on his term.
  • Meerly to drive the time away he sickn’d,
  • Fainted, and died, nor would with Ale be quickn’d;
  • Nay, quoth he, on his swooning bed out-stretch’d,
  • If I may not carry, sure Ile ne’re be fetch’d,
  • But vow though the cross Doctors all stood hearers,
  • For one Carrier put down to make six bearers.originalEd: 20
  • Ease was his chief disease, and to judge right,
  • He di’d for heavines that his Cart went light,
  • His leasure told him that his time was com,
  • And lack of load, made his life burdensom,
  • That even to his last breath (ther be that say’t)
  • As he were prest to death, he cry’d more waight;
  • But had his doings lasted as they were,
  • He had bin an immortall Carrier.
  • Obedient to the Moon he spent his date
  • In cours reciprocal, and had his fateoriginalEd: 30
  • Linkt to the mutual flowing of the Seas,
  • Yet (strange to think) his wain was his increase:
  • His Letters are deliver’d all and gon,
  • Onely remains this superscription.

L’Allegro.

  • Hence loathed Melancholy
  • Of Cerberus, and blackest midnight born,
  • In Stygian Cave forlorn
  • ’Mongst horrid shapes, and shreiks, and sights unholy,
  • Find out som uncouth cell,
  • Where brooding darknes spreads his jealous wings,
  • And the night-Raven sings;
  • There under Ebon shades, and low-brow’d Rocks,
  • As ragged as thy Locks,
  • In dark Cimmerian desert ever dwell.originalEd: 10
  • But com thou Goddes fair and free,
  • In Heav’n ycleap’d Euphrosyne,
  • And by men, heart-easing Mirth,
  • Whom lovely Venus at a birth
  • With two sister Graces more
  • To Ivy-crowned Bacchus bore;
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  • Or whether (as som Sager sing)
  • The frolick Wind that breathes the Spring,
  • Zephir with Aurora playing,
  • As he met her once a Maying,originalEd: 20
  • There on Beds of Violets blew,
  • And fresh-blown Roses washt in dew,
  • Fill’d her with thee a daughter fair,
  • So bucksom, blith, and debonair.
  • Haste thee nymph, and bring with thee
  • Jest and youthful Jollity,
  • Quips and Cranks, and wanton Wiles,
  • Nods, and Becks, and Wreathed Smiles,
  • Such as hang on Hebe’s cheek,
  • And love to live in dimple sleek;originalEd: 30
  • Sport that wrincled Care derides,
  • And Laughter holding both his sides.
  • Com, and trip it as ye go
  • On the light fantastick toe,
  • And in thy right hand lead with thee,
  • The Mountain Nymph, sweet Liberty;
  • And if I give thee honour due,
  • Mirth, admit me of thy crue
  • To live with her, and live with thee,
  • In unreproved pleasures free;originalEd: 40
  • To hear the Lark begin his flight,
  • And singing startle the dull night,
  • From his watch-towre in the skies,
  • Till the dappled dawn doth rise;
  • Then to com in spight of sorrow,
  • And at my window bid good morrow,
  • Through the Sweet-Briar, or the Vine,
  • Or the twisted Eglantine.
  • While the Cock with lively din,
  • Scatters the rear of darkness thin,originalEd: 50
  • And to the stack, or the Barn dore,
  • Stoutly struts his Dames before,
  • Oft list’ning how the Hounds and horn
  • Chearly rouse the slumbring morn,
  • From the side of som Hoar Hill,
  • Through the high wood echoing shrill.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(22)]
  • Som time walking not unseen
  • By Hedge-row Elms, on Hillocks green,
  • Right against the Eastern gate,
  • Wher the great Sun begins his state,originalEd: 60
  • Rob’d in flames, and Amber light,
  • The clouds in thousand Liveries dight.
  • While the Plowman neer at hand,
  • Whistles ore the Furrow’d Land,
  • And the Milkmaid singeth blithe,
  • And the Mower whets his sithe,
  • And every Shepherd tells his tale
  • Under the Hawthorn in the dale.
  • Streit mine eye hath caught new pleasures
  • Whilst the Lantskip round it measures,originalEd: 70
  • Russet Lawns, and Fallows Gray,
  • Where the nibling flocks do stray,
  • Mountains on whose barren brest
  • The labouring clouds do often rest:
  • Meadows trim with Daisies pide,
  • Shallow Brooks, and Rivers wide.
  • Towers, and Battlements it sees
  • Boosom’d high in tufted Trees,
  • Wher perhaps som beauty lies,
  • The Cynosure of neighbouring eyes.originalEd: 80
  • Hard by, a Cottage chimney smokes,
  • From betwixt two aged Okes,
  • Where Corydon and Thyrsis met,
  • Are at their savory dinner set
  • Of Hearbs, and other Country Messes,
  • Which the neat-handed Phillis dresses;
  • And then in haste her Bowre she leaves,
  • With Thestylis to bind the Sheaves;
  • Or if the earlier season lead
  • To the tann’d Haycock in the Mead,originalEd: 90
  • Som times with secure delight
  • The up-land Hamlets will invite,
  • When the merry Bells ring round,
  • And the jocond rebecks sound
  • To many a youth, and many a maid,
  • Dancing in the Chequer’d shade;
  • And young and old com forth to play
  • On a Sunshine Holyday,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(23)]
  • Till the live-long day-light fail,
  • Then to the Spicy Nut-brown Ale,originalEd: 100
  • With stories told of many a feat,
  • How Faery Mab the junkets eat,
  • She was pincht, and pull’d she sed,
  • And he by Friars Lanthorn led
  • Tells how the drudging Goblin swet,
  • To ern his Cream-bowle duly set,
  • When in one night, ere glimps of morn,
  • His shadowy Flale hath thresh’d the Corn
  • That ten day-labourers could not end,
  • Then lies him down the Lubbar Fend.originalEd: 110
  • And stretch’d out all the Chimney’s length,
  • Basks at the fire his hairy strength;
  • And Crop-full out of dores he flings,
  • Ere the first Cock his Mattin rings.
  • Thus don the Tales, to bed they creep,
  • By whispering Windes soon lull’d asleep.
  • Towred Cities please us then,
  • And the busie humm of men,
  • Where throngs of Knights and Barons bold,
  • In weeds of Peace high triumphs hold,originalEd: 120
  • With store of Ladies, whose bright eies
  • Rain influence, and judge the prise
  • Of Wit, or Arms, while both contend
  • To win her Grace, whom all commend.
  • There let Hymen oft appear
  • In Saffron robe, with Taper clear,
  • And pomp, and feast, and revelry,
  • With mask, and antique Pageantry,
  • Such sights as youthfull Poets dream
  • On Summer eeves by haunted stream.originalEd: 130
  • Then to the well-trod stage anon,
  • If Jonsons learned Sock be on,
  • Or sweetest Shakespear fancies childe,
  • Warble his native Wood-notes wilde,
  • And ever against eating Cares,
  • Lap me in soft Lydian Aires,
  • Married to immortal verse
  • Such as the meeting soul may pierce
  • Edition: current; Page: [(24)]
  • In notes, with many a winding bout
  • Of lincked sweetnes long drawn out,originalEd: 140
  • With wanton heed, and giddy cunning,
  • The melting voice through mazes running;
  • Untwisting all the chains that ty
  • The hidden soul of harmony.
  • That Orpheus self may heave his head
  • From golden slumber on a bed
  • Of heapt Elysian flowers, and hear
  • Such streins as would have won the ear
  • Of Pluto, to have quite set free
  • His half regain’d Eurydice.originalEd: 150
  • These delights, if thou canst give,
  • Mirth with thee, I mean to live.

Il Penseroso.

  • Hence vain deluding joyes,
  • The brood of folly without father bred,
  • How little you bested,
  • Or fill the fixed mind with all your toyes;
  • Dwell in som idle brain,
  • And fancies fond with gaudy shapes possess,
  • As thick and numberless
  • As the gay motes that people the Sun Beams,
  • Or likest hovering dreams
  • The fickle Pensioners of Morpheus train.originalEd: 10
  • But hail thou Goddes, sage and holy,
  • Hail divinest Melancholy,
  • Whose Saintly visage is too bright
  • To hit the Sense of human sight;
  • And therfore to our weaker view,
  • Ore laid with black staid Wisdoms hue.
  • Black, but such as in esteem,
  • Prince Memnons sister might beseem,
  • Or that Starr’d Ethiope Queen that strove
  • To set her beauties praise aboveoriginalEd: 20
  • The Sea Nymphs, and their powers offended.
  • Yet thou art higher far descended,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(25)]
  • Thee bright-hair’d Vesta long of yore,
  • To solitary Saturn bore;
  • His daughter she (in Saturns raign,
  • Such mixture was not held a stain)
  • Oft in glimmering Bowres, and glades
  • He met her, and in secret shades
  • Of woody Ida’s inmost grove,
  • While yet there was no fear of Jove.originalEd: 30
  • Com pensive Nun, devout and pure,
  • Sober, stedfast, and demure,
  • All in a robe of darkest grain,
  • Flowing with majestick train,
  • And sable stole of Cipres Lawn,
  • Over thy decent shoulders drawn.
  • Com, but keep thy wonted state,
  • With eev’n step, and musing gate,
  • And looks commercing with the skies,
  • Thy rapt soul sitting in thine eyes:originalEd: 40
  • There held in holy passion still,
  • Forget thy self to Marble, till
  • With a sad Leaden downward cast,
  • Thou fix them on the earth as fast.
  • And joyn with thee calm Peace, and Quiet,
  • Spare Fast, that oft with gods doth diet,
  • And hears the Muses in a ring,
  • Ay round about Joves Altar sing.
  • And adde to these retired Leasure,
  • That in trim Gardens takes his pleasure;originalEd: 50
  • But first, and chiefest, with thee bring,
  • Him that yon soars on golden wing,
  • Guiding the fiery-wheeled throne,
  • The Cherub Contemplation,
  • And the mute Silence hist along,
  • ’Less Philomel will daign a Song,
  • In her sweetest, saddest plight,
  • Smoothing the rugged brow of night,
  • While Cynthia checks her Dragon yoke,
  • Gently o’re th’accustom’d Oke;originalEd: 60
  • Sweet Bird that shunn’st the noise of folly,
  • Most musicall, most melancholy!
  • Thee Chauntress oft the Woods among,
  • I woo to hear thy eeven-Song;
  • Edition: current; Page: [(26)]
  • And missing thee, I walk unseen
  • On the dry smooth-shaven Green,
  • To behold the wandring Moon,
  • Riding neer her highest noon,
  • Like one that had bin led astray
  • Through the Heav’ns wide pathles way;originalEd: 70
  • And oft, as if her head she bow’d,
  • Stooping through a fleecy cloud.
  • Oft on a Plat of rising ground,
  • I hear the far-off Curfeu sound,
  • Over som wide-water’d shoar,
  • Swinging slow with sullen roar;
  • Or if the Ayr will not permit,
  • Som still removed place will fit,
  • Where glowing Embers through the room
  • Teach light to counterfeit a gloom,originalEd: 80
  • Far from all resort of mirth,
  • Save the Cricket on the hearth,
  • Or the Belmans drousie charm,
  • To bless the dores from nightly harm:
  • Or let my Lamp at midnight hour,
  • Be seen in som high lonely Towr,
  • Where I may oft out-watch the Bear,
  • With thrice great Hermes, or unsphear
  • The spirit of Plato to unfold
  • What Worlds, or what vast Regions holdoriginalEd: 90
  • The immortal mind that hath forsook
  • Her mansion in this fleshly nook:
  • And of those Dæmons that are found
  • In fire, air, flood, or under ground,
  • Whose power hath a true consent
  • With Planet, or with Element.
  • Som time let Gorgeous Tragedy
  • In Scepter’d Pall com sweeping by,
  • Presenting Thebs, or Pelops line,
  • Or the tale of Troy divine.originalEd: 100
  • Or what (though rare) of later age,
  • Ennobled hath the Buskind stage.
  • But, O sad Virgin, that thy power
  • Might raise Musæus from his bower,
  • Or bid the soul of Orpheus sing
  • Such notes as warbled to the string,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(27)]
  • Drew Iron tears down Pluto’s cheek,
  • And made Hell grant what Love did seek.
  • Or call up him that left half told
  • The story of Cambuscan bold,originalEd: 110
  • Of Camball, and of Algarsife,
  • And who had Canace to wife,
  • That own’d the vertuous Ring and Glass,
  • And of the wondrous Hors of Brass,
  • On which the Tartar King did ride;
  • And if ought els, great Bards beside,
  • In sage and solemn tunes have sung,
  • Of Turneys and of Trophies hung;
  • Of Forests, and inchantments drear,
  • Where more is meant then meets the ear.originalEd: 120
  • Thus night oft see me in thy pale career,
  • Till civil-suited Morn appeer,
  • Not trickt and frounc’t as she was wont,
  • With the Attick Boy to hunt,
  • But Cherchef’t in a comly Cloud,
  • While rocking Winds are Piping loud,
  • Or usher’d with a shower still,
  • When the gust hath blown his fill,
  • Ending on the russling Leaves,
  • With minute drops from off the Eaves.originalEd: 130
  • And when the Sun begins to fling
  • His flaring beams, me Goddes bring
  • To arched walks of twilight groves,
  • And shadows brown that Sylvan loves
  • Of Pine, or monumental Oake,
  • Where the rude Ax with heaved stroke,
  • Was never heard the Nymphs to daunt,
  • Or fright them from their hallow’d haunt.
  • There in close covert by som Brook,
  • Where no profaner eye may look,originalEd: 140
  • Hide me from Day’s garish eie,
  • While the Bee with Honied thie,
  • That at her flowry work doth sing,
  • And the Waters murmuring
  • With such consort as they keep,
  • Entice the dewy-feather’d Sleep;
  • And let som strange mysterious dream,
  • Wave at his Wings in Airy stream,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(28)]
  • Of lively portrature display’d,
  • Softly on my eye-lids laid.originalEd: 150
  • And as I wake, sweet musick breath
  • Above, about, or underneath,
  • Sent by som spirit to mortals good,
  • Or th’unseen Genius of the Wood.
  • But let my due feet never fail,
  • To walk the studious Cloysters pale,
  • And love the high embowed Roof,
  • With antick Pillars massy proof,
  • And storied Windows richly dight,
  • Casting a dimm religious light.originalEd: 160
  • There let the pealing Organ blow,
  • To the full voic’d Quire below,
  • In Service high, and Anthems cleer,
  • As may with sweetnes, through mine ear,
  • Dissolve me into extasies,
  • And bring all Heav’n before mine eyes.
  • And may at last my weary age
  • Find out the peacefull hermitage,
  • The Hairy Gown and Mossy Cell,
  • Where I may sit and rightly spelloriginalEd: 170
  • Of every Star that Heav’n doth shew,
  • And every Herb that sips the dew;
  • Till old experience do attain
  • To something like Prophetic strain.
  • These pleasures Melancholy give,
  • And I with thee will choose to live.

SONNETS.

  • I
  • O Nightingale, that on yon bloomy Spray
  • Warbl’st at eeve, when all the Woods are still,
  • Thou with fresh hope the Lovers heart dost fill,
  • While the jolly hours lead on propitious May,
  • Thy liquid notes that close the eye of Day,
  • First heard before the shallow Cuccoo’s bill
  • Portend success in love; O if Jove’s will
  • Have linkt that amorous power to thy soft lay,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(29)]
  • Now timely sing, ere the rude Bird of Hate
  • Foretell my hopeles doom in som Grove ny:originalEd: 10
  • As thou from yeer to yeer hast sung too late
  • For my relief; yet hadst no reason why,
  • Whether the Muse, or Love call thee his mate,
  • Both them I serve, and of their train am I.
  • II
  • Donna leggiadra il cui bel nome honora
  • L’herbosa val di Rheno, e il nobil varco,
  • Ben è colui d’ogni valore scarco
  • Qual tuo spirto gentil non innamora,
  • Che dolcemente mostra si di fuora
  • De suoi atti soavi giamai parco,
  • E i don’, che son d’amor saette ed arco,
  • La onde l’ alta tua virtù s’infiora.
  • Quando tu vaga parli, o lieta canti
  • Che mover possa duro alpestre legno,originalEd: 10
  • Guardi ciascun a gli occhi, ed a gli orecchi
  • L’entrata, chi di te si truova indegno;
  • Gratia sola di sù gli vaglia, inanti
  • Che’l disio amoroso al cuor s’invecchi.
  • III
  • Qual in colle aspro, al imbrunir di sera
  • L’avezza giovinetta pastorella
  • Va bagnando l’herbetta strana e bella
  • Che mal si spande a disusata spera
  • Fuor di sua natia alma primavera,
  • Cosi Amor meco insù la lingua snella
  • Desta il fior novo di strania favella,
  • Mentre io di te, vezzosamente altera,
  • Canto, dal mio buon popol non inteso
  • E’l bel Tamigi cangio col bel Arno.originalEd: 10
  • Amor lo volse, ed io a l’altrui peso
  • Seppi ch’ Amor cosa mai volse indarno.
  • Deh! foss’ il mio cuor lento e’l duro seno
  • A chi pianta dal ciel si buon terreno.
Edition: current; Page: [(30)]
  • Canzone.

  • Ridonsi donne e giovani amorosi
  • M’ accostandosi attorno, e perche scrivi,
  • Perche tu scrivi in lingua ignota e strana
  • Verseggiando d’amor, e come t’osi?
  • Dinne, se la tua speme sia mai vana,
  • E de pensieri lo miglior t’ arrivi;
  • Cosi mi van burlando, altri rivi
  • Altri lidi t’ aspettan, & altre onde
  • Nelle cui verdi sponde
  • Spuntati ad hor, ad hor a la tua chiomaoriginalEd: 10
  • L’immortal guiderdon d’eterne frondi
  • Perche alle spalle tue soverchia soma?
  • Canzon dirotti, e tu per me rispondi
  • Dice mia Donna, e’l suo dir, è il mio cuore
  • Questa è lingua di cui si vanta Amore.
  • IV
  • Diodati, e te’l dirò con maraviglia,
  • Quel ritroso io ch’amor spreggiar soléa
  • E de suoi lacci spesso mi ridéa
  • Gia caddi, ov’huom dabben talhor s’impiglia.
  • Ne treccie d’oro, ne guancia vermiglia
  • M’ abbaglian sì, ma sotto nova idea
  • Pellegrina bellezza che’l cuor bea,
  • Portamenti alti honesti, e nelle ciglia
  • Quel sereno fulgor d’ amabil nero,
  • Parole adorne di lingua piu d’una,originalEd: 10
  • E’l cantar che di mezzo l’hemispero
  • Traviar ben può la faticosa Luna,
  • E degli occhi suoi auventa si gran fuoco
  • Che l’incerar gli orecchi mi fia poco.
  • V
  • Per certo i bei vostr’occhi Donna mia
  • Esser non puo che non fian lo mio sole
  • Si mi percuoton forte, come ei suole
  • Per l’arene di Libia chi s’invia,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(31)]
  • Mentre un caldo vapor (ne sentì pria)
  • Da quel lato si spinge ove mi duole,
  • Che forse amanti nelle lor parole
  • Chiaman sospir; io non so che si sia:
  • Parte rinchiusa, e turbida si cela
  • Scosso mi il petto, e poi n’uscendo pocooriginalEd: 10
  • Quivi d’ attorno o s’agghiaccia, o s’ingiela;
  • Ma quanto a gli occhi giunge a trovar loco
  • Tutte le notti a me suol far piovose
  • Finche mia Alba rivien colma di rose.
  • VI
  • Giovane piano, e semplicetto amante
  • Poi che fuggir me stesso in dubbio sono,
  • Madonna a voi del mio cuor l’humil dono
  • Farò divoto; io certo a prove tante
  • L’hebbi fedele, intrepido, costante,
  • De pensieri leggiadro, accorto, e buono;
  • Quando rugge il gran mondo, e scocca il tuono,
  • S’arma di se, e d’ intero diamante,
  • Tanto del forse, e d’ invidia sicuro,
  • Di timori, e speranze al popol useoriginalEd: 10
  • Quanto d’ingegno, e d’ alto valor vago,
  • E di cetra sonora, e delle muse:
  • Sol troverete in tal parte men duro
  • Ove amor mise l’insanabil ago.
  • VII
  • How soon hath Time the suttle theef of youth,
  • Stoln on his wing my three and twentith yeer!
  • My hasting dayes flie on with full career,
  • But my late spring no bud or blossom shew’th.
  • Perhaps my semblance might deceive the truth,
  • That I to manhood am arriv’d so near,
  • And inward ripenes doth much less appear,
  • That som more timely-happy spirits indu’th.
  • Yet be it less or more, or soon or slow,
  • It shall be still in strictest measure eev’n,originalEd: 10
  • To that same lot, however mean, or high,
  • Toward which Time leads me, and the will of Heav’n;
  • All is, if I have grace to use it so,
  • As ever in my great task Masters eye.
Edition: current; Page: [(32)]
  • VIII
  • Captain or Colonel, or Knight in Arms,
  • Whose chance on these defenceless dores may sease,
  • If ever deed of honour did thee please,
  • Guard them, and him within protect from harms,
  • He can requite thee, for he knows the charms
  • That call Fame on such gentle acts as these,
  • And he can spred thy Name o’re Lands and Seas,
  • What ever clime the Suns bright circle warms.
  • Lift not thy spear against the Muses Bowre,
  • The great Emathian Conqueror bid spareoriginalEd: 10
  • The house of Pindarus, when Temple and Towre
  • Went to the ground: And the repeated air
  • Of sad Electra’s Poet had the power
  • To save th’ Athenian Walls from ruine bare.

VIII. Camb. autograph supplies title, When the assault was intended to the city

  • IX
  • Lady that in the prime of earliest youth,
  • Wisely hath shun’d the broad way and the green,
  • And with those few art eminently seen,
  • That labour up the Hill of heav’nly Truth,
  • The better part with Mary and with Ruth,
  • Chosen thou hast, and they that overween,
  • And at thy growing vertues fret their spleen,
  • No anger find in thee, but pity and ruth.
  • Thy care is fixt and zealously attends
  • To fill thy odorous Lamp with deeds of light,originalEd: 10
  • And Hope that reaps not shame. Therefore be sure
  • Thou, when the Bridegroom with his feastfull friends
  • Passes to bliss at the mid hour of night,
  • Hast gain’d thy entrance, Virgin wise and pure.
  • X
  • Daughter to that good Earl, once President
  • Of Englands Counsel, and her Treasury,
  • Who liv’d in both, unstain’d with gold or fee,
  • And left them both, more in himself content,
  • Till the sad breaking of that Parlament

X. Camb. autograph supplies title, To the Lady Margaret Ley.

Edition: current; Page: [(33)]
  • Broke him, as that dishonest victory
  • At Chæronéa, fatal to liberty
  • Kil’d with report that Old man eloquent,
  • Though later born, then to have known the dayes
  • Wherin your Father flourisht, yet by youoriginalEd: 10
  • Madam, me thinks I see him living yet;
  • So well your words his noble vertues praise,
  • That all both judge you to relate them true,
  • And to possess them, Honour’d Margaret.

Arcades.

Part of an entertainment presented to the Countess Dowager of Darby at Harefield, by som Noble persons of her Family, who appear on the Scene in pastoral habit, moving toward the seat of State with this Song.

  • 1.
  • SONG.

    • Look Nymphs, and Shepherds look,
    • What sudden blaze of majesty
    • Is that which we from hence descry
    • Too divine to be mistook:
    • This this is she
    • To whom our vows and wishes bend,
    • Heer our solemn search hath end.
    • Fame that her high worth to raise,
    • Seem’d erst so lavish and profuse,
    • We may justly now accuseoriginalEd: 10
    • Of detraction from her praise,
    • Less then half we find exprest,
    • Envy bid conceal the rest.
    • Mark what radiant state she spreds,
    • In circle round her shining throne,
    • Shooting her beams like silver threds,
    • This this is she alone,
    • Sitting like a Goddes bright,
    • In the center of her light,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(34)]
    • Might she the wise Latona be,originalEd: 20
    • Or the towred Cybele,
    • Mother of a hunderd gods;
    • Juno dare’s not give her odds;
    • Who had thought this clime had held
    • A deity so unparalel’d?

As they com forward, the genius of the Wood appears, and turning toward them, speaks.

  • Gen. Stay gentle Swains, for though in this disguise,
  • I see bright honour sparkle through your eyes,
  • Of famous Arcady ye are, and sprung
  • Of that renowned flood, so often sung,
  • Divine Alpheus, who by secret sluse,originalEd: 30
  • Stole under Seas to meet his Arethuse;
  • And ye the breathing Roses of the Wood,
  • Fair silver-buskind Nymphs as great and good,
  • I know this quest of yours, and free intent
  • Was all in honour and devotion ment
  • To the great Mistres of yon princely shrine,
  • Whom with low reverence I adore as mine,
  • And with all helpful service will comply
  • To further this nights glad solemnity;
  • And lead ye where ye may more neer beholdoriginalEd: 40
  • What shallow-searching Fame hath left untold;
  • Which I full oft amidst these shades alone
  • Have sate to wonder at, and gaze upon:
  • For know by lot from Jove I am the powr
  • Of this fair Wood, and live in Oak’n bowr,
  • To nurse the Saplings tall, and curl the grove
  • With Ringlets quaint, and wanton windings wove.
  • And all my Plants I save from nightly ill,
  • Of noisom winds, and blasting vapours chill.
  • And from the Boughs brush off the evil dew,originalEd: 50
  • And heal the harms of thwarting thunder blew,
  • Or what the cross dire-looking Planet smites,
  • Or hurtfull Worm with canker’d venom bites.
  • When Eev’ning gray doth rise, I fetch my round
  • Over the mount, and all this hallow’d ground,
  • And early ere the odorous breath of morn
  • Awakes the slumbring leaves, or tasseld horn
  • Edition: current; Page: [(35)]
  • Shakes the high thicket, haste I all about,
  • Number my ranks, and visit every sprout
  • With puissant words, and murmurs made to bless,originalEd: 60
  • But els in deep of night when drowsines
  • Hath lockt up mortal sense, then listen I
  • To the celestial Sirens harmony,
  • That sit upon the nine enfolded Sphears,
  • And sing to those that hold the vital shears,
  • And turn the Adamantine spindle round,
  • On which the fate of gods and men is wound.
  • Such sweet compulsion doth in musick ly,
  • To lull the daughters of Necessity,
  • And keep unsteddy Nature to her law,originalEd: 70
  • And the low world in measur’d motion draw
  • After the heavenly tune, which none can hear
  • Of human mould with grosse unpurged ear;
  • And yet such musick worthiest were to blaze
  • The peerles height of her immortal praise,
  • Whose lustre leads us, and for her most fit,
  • If my inferior hand or voice could hit
  • Inimitable sounds, yet as we go,
  • What ere the skill of lesser gods can show,
  • I will assay, her worth to celebrate,originalEd: 80
  • And so attend ye toward her glittering state;
  • Where ye may all that are of noble stemm
  • Approach, and kiss her sacred vestures hemm.
  • 2.
  • SONG.

  • O’re the smooth enameld green
  • Where no print of step hath been,
  • Follow me as I sing,
  • And touch the warbled string.
  • Under the shady roof
  • Of branching Elm Star-proof,
  • Follow me,originalEd: 90
  • I will bring you where she sits
  • Clad in splendor as befits
  • Her deity.
  • Such a rural Queen
  • All Arcadia hath not seen.
Edition: current; Page: [(36)]
  • 3.
  • SONG.

  • Nymphs and Shepherds dance no more
  • By sandy Ladons Lillied banks.
  • On old Lycæus or Cyllene hoar,
  • Trip no more in twilight ranks,
  • Though Erymanth your loss deplore,originalEd: 100
  • A better soyl shall give ye thanks.
  • From the stony Mænalus,
  • Bring your Flocks, and live with us,
  • Here ye shall have greater grace,
  • To serve the Lady of this place.
  • Though Syrinx your Pans Mistres were,
  • Yet Syrinx well might wait on her.
  • Such a rural Queen
  • All Arcadia hath not seen.
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JUST A EDOVARDO KING naufrago, ab Amicis mœrentibus, amoris & μνείας χάϐιν.

Sirectè calculum ponas, ubique naufragium est. Pet. Arb.

CANTABRIGIÆ:

Apud Thomam Buck, & Rogerum Daniel, celeberrimæ Academiæ typographos. 1638.

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Lycidas.

In this Monody the Author bewails a learned Friend, unfortunatly drown’d in his Passage from Chester on the Irish Seas, 1637. And by occasion foretels the ruine of our corrupted Clergy then in their height.

  • Yet once more, O ye Laurels, and once more
  • Ye Myrtles brown, with Ivy never-sear,
  • I com to pluck your Berries harsh and crude,
  • And with forc’d fingers rude,
  • Shatter your leaves before the mellowing year.
  • Bitter constraint, and sad occasion dear,
  • Compels me to disturb your season due:
  • For Lycidas is dead, dead ere his prime
  • Young Lycidas, and hath not left his peer:
  • Who would not sing for Lycidas? he kneworiginalEd: 10
  • Himself to sing, and build the lofty rhyme.
  • He must not flote upon his watry bear
  • Unwept, and welter to the parching wind,
  • Without the meed of som melodious tear.
  • Begin then, Sisters of the sacred well,
  • That from beneath the seat of Jove doth spring,
  • Begin, and somwhat loudly sweep the string.
  • Hence with denial vain, and coy excuse,
  • So may som gentle Muse
  • With lucky words favour my destin’d Urn,originalEd: 20
  • And as he passes turn,
  • And bid fair peace be to my sable shrowd.
  • For we were nurst upon the self-same hill,
  • Fed the same flock, by fountain, shade, and rill.
  • Together both, ere the high Lawns appear’d
  • Under the opening eye-lids of the morn,
  • We drove a field, and both together heard
  • What time the Gray-fly winds her sultry horn,
  • Batt’ning our flocks with the fresh dews of night,
  • Oft till the Star that rose, at Ev’ning, brightoriginalEd: 30
  • Toward Heav’ns descent had slop’d his westering wheel.
  • Mean while the Rural ditties were not mute,
  • Temper’d to th’Oaten Flute;
  • Rough Satyrs danc’d, and Fauns with clov’n heel,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(39)]
  • From the glad sound would not be absent long,
  • And old Damœtas lov’d to hear our song.
  • But O the heavy change, now thou art gon,
  • Now thou art gon, and never must return!
  • Thee Shepherd, thee the Woods, and desert Caves,
  • With wilde Thyme and the gadding Vine o’regrown,originalEd: 40
  • And all their echoes mourn.
  • The Willows, and the Hazle Copses green,
  • Shall now no more be seen,
  • Fanning their joyous Leaves to thy soft layes.
  • As killing as the Canker to the Rose,
  • Or Taint-worm to the weanling Herds that graze,
  • Or Frost to Flowers, that their gay wardrop wear,
  • When first the White thorn blows;
  • Such, Lycidas, thy loss to Shepherds ear.
  • Where were ye Nymphs when the remorseless deep
  • Clos’d o’re the head of your lov’d Lycidas?originalEd: 51
  • For neither were ye playing on the steep,
  • Where your old Bards, the famous Druids ly,
  • Nor on the shaggy top of Mona high,
  • Nor yet where Deva spreads her wisard stream:
  • Ay me, I fondly dream!
  • Had ye bin there—for what could that have don?
  • What could the Muse her self that Orpheus bore,
  • The Muse her self, for her inchanting son
  • Whom Universal nature did lament,originalEd: 60
  • When by the rout that made the hideous roar,
  • His goary visage down the stream was sent,
  • Down the swift Hebrus to the Lesbian shore.
  • Alas! What boots it with uncessant care
  • To tend the homely slighted Shepherds trade,
  • And strictly meditate the thankles Muse,
  • Were it not better don as others use,
  • To sport with Amaryllis in the shade,
  • Or with the tangles of Neæra’s hair?
  • Fame is the spur that the clear spirit doth raiseoriginalEd: 70
  • (That last infirmity of Noble mind)
  • To scorn delights, and live laborious dayes;
  • But the fair Guerdon when we hope to find,
  • And think to burst out into sudden blaze,
  • Comes the blind Fury with th’abhorred shears,
  • And slits the thin spun life. But not the praise,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(40)]
  • Phœbus repli’d, and touch’d my trembling ears;
  • Fame is no plant that grows on mortal soil,
  • Nor in the glistering foil
  • Set off to th’world, nor in broad rumour lies,originalEd: 80
  • But lives and spreds aloft by those pure eyes,
  • And perfet witnes of all judging Jove;
  • As he pronounces lastly on each deed,
  • Of so much fame in Heav’n expect thy meed.
  • O Fountain Arethuse, and thou honour’d floud,
  • Smooth-sliding Mincius, crown’d with vocall reeds,
  • That strain I heard was of a higher mood:
  • But now my Oate proceeds,
  • And listens to the Herald of the Sea
  • That came in Neptune’s plea,originalEd: 90
  • He ask’d the Waves, and ask’d the Fellon winds,
  • What hard mishap hath doom’d this gentle swain?
  • And question’d every gust of rugged wings
  • That blows from off each beaked Promontory,
  • They knew not of his story,
  • And sage Hippotades their answer brings,
  • That not a blast was from his dungeon stray’d,
  • The Ayr was calm, and on the level brine,
  • Sleek Panope with all her sisters play’d.
  • It was that fatall and perfidious BarkoriginalEd: 100
  • Built in th’eclipse, and rigg’d with curses dark,
  • That sunk so low that sacred head of thine.
  • Next Camus, reverend Sire, went footing slow,
  • His Mantle hairy, and his Bonnet sedge,
  • Inwrought with figures dim, and on the edge
  • Like to that sanguine flower inscrib’d with woe.
  • Ah; Who hath reft (quoth he) my dearest pledge?
  • Last came, and last did go,
  • The Pilot of the Galilean lake,
  • Two massy Keyes he bore of metals twain,originalEd: 110
  • (The Golden opes, the Iron shuts amain)
  • He shook his Miter’d locks, and stern bespake,
  • How well could I have spar’d for thee, young swain,
  • Anow of such as for their bellies sake,
  • Creep and intrude, and climb into the fold?
  • Of other care they little reck’ning make,
  • Then how to scramble at the shearers feast,
  • And shove away the worthy bidden guest.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(41)]
  • Blind mouthes! that scarce themselves know how to hold
  • A Sheep-hook, or have learn’d ought els the leastoriginalEd: 120
  • That to the faithfull Herdmans art belongs!
  • What recks it them? What need they? They are sped;
  • And when they list, their lean and flashy songs
  • Grate on their scrannel Pipes of wretched straw,
  • The hungry Sheep look up, and are not fed,
  • But swoln with wind, and the rank mist they draw,
  • Rot inwardly, and foul contagion spread:
  • Besides what the grim Woolf with privy paw
  • Daily devours apace, and nothing sed,
  • But that two-handed engine at the door,originalEd: 130
  • Stands ready to smite once, and smite no more.
  • Return Alpheus, the dread voice is past,
  • That shrunk thy streams; Return Sicilian Muse,
  • And call the Vales, and bid them hither cast
  • Their Bels, and Flourets of a thousand hues.
  • Ye valleys low where the milde whispers use,
  • Of shades and wanton winds, and gushing brooks
  • On whose fresh lap the swart Star sparely looks,
  • Throw hither all your quaint enameld eyes,
  • That on the green terf suck the honied showres,originalEd: 140
  • And purple all the ground with vernal flowres.
  • Bring the rathe Primrose that forsaken dies.
  • The tufted Crow-toe, and pale Gessamine,
  • The white Pink, and the Pansie freakt with jeat,
  • The glowing Violet.
  • The Musk-rose, and the well attir’d Woodbine.
  • With Cowslips wan that hang the pensive hed,
  • And every flower that sad embroidery wears:
  • Bid Amaranthus all his beauty shed,
  • And Daffadillies fill their cups with tears,originalEd: 150
  • To strew the Laureat Herse where Lycid lies.
  • For so to interpose a little ease,
  • Let our frail thoughts dally with false surmise.
  • Ay me! Whilst thee the shores, and sounding Seas
  • Wash far away, where ere thy bones are hurld,
  • Whether beyond the stormy Hebrides,
  • Where thou perhaps under the whelming tide
  • Visit’st the bottom of the monstrous world;
  • Edition: current; Page: [(42)]
  • Or whether thou to our moist vows deny’d,
  • Sleep’st by the fable of Bellerus old,originalEd: 160
  • Where the great vision of the guarded Mount
  • Looks toward Namancos and Bayona’s hold;
  • Look homeward Angel now, and melt with ruth.
  • And, O ye Dolphins, waft the haples youth.
  • Weep no more, woful Shepherds weep no more,
  • For Lycidas your sorrow is not dead,
  • Sunk though he be beneath the watry floar,
  • So sinks the day-star in the Ocean bed,
  • And yet anon repairs his drooping head,
  • And tricks his beams, and with new spangled Ore,originalEd: 170
  • Flames in the forehead of the morning sky:
  • So Lycidas sunk low, but mounted high,
  • Through the dear might of him that walk’d the waves
  • Where other groves, and other streams along,
  • With Nectar pure his oozy Lock’s he laves,
  • And hears the unexpressive nuptiall Song,
  • In the blest Kingdoms meek of joy and love.
  • There entertain him all the Saints above,
  • In solemn troops, and sweet Societies
  • That sing, and singing in their glory move,originalEd: 180
  • And wipe the tears for ever from his eyes.
  • Now Lycidas the Shepherds weep no more;
  • Hence forth thou art the Genius of the shore,
  • In thy large recompense, and shalt be good
  • To all that wander in that perilous flood.
  • Thus sang the uncouth Swain to th’Okes and rills,
  • While the still morn went out with Sandals gray,
  • He touch’d the tender stops of various Quills,
  • With eager thought warbling his Dorick lay:
  • And now the Sun had stretch’d out all the hills,originalEd: 190
  • And now was dropt into the Western bay;
  • At last he rose, and twitch’d his Mantle blew:
  • To morrow to fresh Woods, and Pastures new.
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A MASKE PRESENTED At Ludlow Castle, 1634:
On Michaelmasse night, before the Right Honorable, Iohn Earle of Bridgewater, Vicount Brackly, Lord Præsident of Wales, And one of His Maiesties most honorable Privie Counsell.

Eheu quid volui misero mihi! floribus austrum Perditus ———

LONDON

Printed for Hymphrey Robinson, at the signe of the Three Pidgeons in Pauls Church-yard. 1637.

Edition: current; Page: [(44)] Edition: current; Page: [(45)]
H. Lawes
Lawes, H.
John Lord Vicount Bracly
Bracly, John Lord Vicount

1To the Right Honourable, John Lord Vicount Bracly, Son and Heir apparent to the Earl of Bridgewater, &c.

My Lord,

This Poem, which receiv’d its first occasion of Birth from your Self, and others of your Noble Family, and much honour from your own Person in the performance, now returns again to make a finall Dedication of it self to you. Although not openly acknowledg’d by the Author, yet it is a legitimate off-spring, so lovely, and so much desired, that the often Copying of it hath tir’d my Pen to give my severall friends satisfaction, and brought me to a necessity of producing it to the publike view; and now to offer it up in all rightfull devotion to those fair Hopes, and rare Endowments of your much-promising Youth, which give a full assurance, to all that know you, of a future excellence. Live sweet Lord to be the honour of your Name, and receive this as your own, from the hands of him, who hath by many favours been long oblig’d to your most honour’d Parents, and as in this representation your attendant Thyrsis, so now in all reall expression

Your faithfull, and most humble Servant

H. Lawes.
Sir Henry Wootton
Wootton, Sir Henry
13. of April, 1638
Colledge
John Milton
Milton, John

1The Copy of a Letter writt’n by Sir Henry Wootton, to the Author, upon the following Poem.

SIR,

It was a special favour, when you lately bestowed upon me here, the first taste of your acquaintance, though no longer then to make me know that I wanted more time to value it, and Edition: current; Page: [(46)] to enjoy it rightly; and in truth, if I could then have imagined your father stay in these parts, which I understood afterwards by Mr. H. I would have been bold in our vulgar phrase to mend my draught (for you left me with an extreme thirst) and to have begged your conversation again, joyntly with your said learned Friend, at a poor meal or two, that we might have banded together som good Authors of the antient time: Among which, I observed you to have been familiar.

Since your going, you have charg’d me with new Obligations, both for a very kinde Letter from you dated the sixth of this Month, and for a dainty peece of entertainment which came therwith. Wherin I should much commend the Tragical part, if the Lyrical did not ravish me with a certain Dorique delicacy in your Songs and Odes, wherunto I must plainly confess to have seen yet nothing parallel in our Language: Ipsa mollities. But I must not omit to tell you, that I now onely owe you thanks for intimating unto me (how modestly soever) the true Artificer. For the work it self I had view’d som good while before, with singular delight, having receiv’d it from our common Friend Mr. R. in the very close of the late R’s Poems, Printed at Oxford, wherunto it was added (as I now suppose) that the Accessory might help out the Principal, according to the Art of Stationers, and to leave the Reader Con la bocca dolce.

Now Sir, concerning your travels, wherin I may chalenge a little more priviledge of Discours with you; I suppose you will not blanch Paris in your way; therfore I have been bold to trouble you with a few lines to Mr. M. B. whom you shall easily find attending the young Lord S. as his Governour, and you may surely receive from him good directions for the shaping of your farther journey into Italy, where he did reside by my choice som time for the King, after mine own recess from Venice.

I should think that your best Line will be thorow the whole length of France to Marseilles, and thence by Sea to Genoa, whence the passage into Tuscany is as Diurnal as a Gravesend Barge: I hasten as you do to Florence, or Siena, the rather to tell you a short story from the interest you have given me in your safety.

At Siena I was tabled in the House of one Alberto Scipioni, an old Roman Courtier in dangerous times, having bin Steward to the Duca di Pagliano, who with all his Family were strangled, save this onely man that escap’d by foresight of the Tempest: With him I had often much chat of those affairs; Into which he Edition: current; Page: [(47)] took pleasure to look back from his Native Harbour; and at my departure toward Rome (which had been the center of his experience) I had wonn confidence enough to beg his advice, how I might carry my self securely there, without offence of others, or of mine own conscience. Signor Arrigo mio (sayes he) I pensieri stretti, & il viso sciolto will go safely over the whole World: Of which Delphian Oracle (for so I have found it) your judgement doth need no commentary; and therfore (Sir) I will commit you with it to the best of all securities, Gods dear love, remaining

Your Friend as much at command as any of longer date,

Henry Wootton.

Postscript.

Sir, I have expressly sent this my Foot-boy to prevent your departure without som acknowledgement from me of the receipt of your obliging Letter, having myself through som busines, I know not how, neglected the ordinary conveyance. In any part where I shall understand you fixed, I shall be glad, and diligent to entertain you with Home-Novelties; even for som fomentation of our friendship, too soon interrupted in the Cradle.

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The Persons.

The attendant Spirit afterwards in the habit of Thyrsis.

Comus with his crew.

The Lady.

1. Brother.

2. Brother.

Sabrina the Nymph.

The cheif persons which presented, were

The Lord Bracly,

Mr. Thomas Egerton his Brother,

The Lady Alice Egerton.

Edition: current; Page: [(49)]

A MASK
Presented At LUDLOW-Castle, 1634. &c.

The first Scene discovers a wilde Wood.

The attendant Spirit descends or enters.

Spirit
  • Before the starry threshold of Joves Court
  • My mansion is, where those immortal shapes
  • Of bright aëreal Spirits live insphear’d
  • In Regions milde of calm and serene Ayr,
  • Above the smoak and stirr of this dim spot,
  • Which men call Earth, and with low-thoughted care
  • Confin’d, and pester’d in this pin-fold here,
  • Strive to keep up a frail, and Feaverish being
  • Unmindfull of the crown that Vertue gives
  • After this mortal change, to her true ServantsoriginalEd: 10
  • Amongst the enthron’d gods on Sainted seats.
  • Yet som there be that by due steps aspire
  • To lay their just hands on that Golden Key
  • That ope’s the Palace of Eternity:
  • To such my errand is, and but for such,
  • I would not soil these pure Ambrosial weeds,
  • With the rank vapours of this Sin-worn mould.
  • But to my task. Neptune besides the sway
  • Of every salt Flood, and each ebbing Stream,
  • Took in by lot ’twixt high, and neather Jove,originalEd: 20
  • Imperial rule of all the Sea-girt Iles
  • That like to rich, and various gemms inlay
  • The unadorned boosom of the Deep,
  • Which he to grace his tributary gods
  • Edition: current; Page: [(50)]
  • By course commits to severall government,
  • And gives them leave to wear their Saphire crowns,
  • And weild their little tridents, but this Ile
  • The greatest, and the best of all the main
  • He quarters to his blu-hair’d deities,
  • And all this tract that fronts the falling SunoriginalEd: 30
  • A noble Peer of mickle trust, and power
  • Has in his charge, with temper’d awe to guide
  • An old, and haughty Nation proud in Arms:
  • Where his fair off-spring nurs’t in Princely lore,
  • Are coming to attend their Fathers state,
  • And new-entrusted Scepter, but their way
  • Lies through the perplex’t paths of this drear Wood,
  • The nodding horror of whose shady brows
  • Threats the forlorn and wandring Passinger.
  • And here their tender age might suffer perill,originalEd: 40
  • But that by quick command from Soveran Jove
  • I was dispatcht for their defence, and guard;
  • And listen why, for I will tell ye now
  • What never yet was heard in Tale or Song
  • From old, or modern Bard in Hall, or Bowr.
  • Bacchus that first from out the purple Grape,
  • Crush’t the sweet poyson of mis-used Wine
  • After the Tuscan Mariners transform’d
  • Coasting the Tyrrhene shore, as the winds listed,
  • On Circes Iland fell (who knows not CirceoriginalEd: 50
  • The daughter of the Sun? Whose charmed Cup
  • Whoever tasted, lost his upright shape,
  • And downward fell into a groveling Swine)
  • This Nymph that gaz’d upon his clustring locks,
  • With Ivy berries wreath’d, and his blithe youth,
  • Had by him, ere he parted thence, a Son
  • Much like his Father, but his Mother more,
  • Whom therfore she brought up and Comus nam’d,
  • Who ripe, and frolick of his full grown age,
  • Roaving the Celtick, and Iberian fields,originalEd: 60
  • At last betakes him to this ominous Wood,
  • And in thick shelter of black shades imbowr’d,
  • Excells his Mother at her mighty Art,
  • Offring to every weary Travailer,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(51)]
  • His orient liquor in a Crystal Glasse,
  • To quench the drouth of Phœbus, which as they taste
  • (For most do taste through fond intemperate thirst)
  • Soon as the Potion works, their human count’nance,
  • Th’ express resemblance of the gods, is chang’d
  • Into som brutish form of Woolf, or Bear,originalEd: 70
  • Or Ounce, or Tiger, Hog, or bearded Goat,
  • All other parts remaining as they were,
  • And they, so perfect is their misery,
  • Not once perceive their foul disfigurement,
  • But boast themselves more comely then before
  • And all their friends, and native home forget
  • To roule with pleasure in a sensual stie.
  • Therfore when any favour’d of high Jove,
  • Chances to pass through this adventrous glade,
  • Swift as the Sparkle of a glancing Star,originalEd: 80
  • I shoot from Heav’n to give him safe convoy,
  • As now I do: But first I must put off
  • These my skie robes spun out of Iris Wooff,
  • And take the Weeds and likenes of a Swain,
  • That to the service of this house belongs,
  • Who with his soft Pipe, and smooth-dittied Song,
  • Well knows to still the wilde winds when they roar,
  • And hush the waving Woods, nor of lesse faith,
  • And in this office of his Mountain watch,
  • Likeliest, and neerest to the present aydoriginalEd: 90
  • Of this occasion. But I hear the tread
  • Of hatefull steps, I must be viewles now.

Comus enters with a Charming Rod in one hand, his Glass in the other, with him a rout of Monsters, headed like sundry sorts of wilde Beasts, but otherwise like Men and Women, their Apparel glistring, they com in making a riotous and unruly noise, with Torches in their hands.

Comus.
  • The Star that bids the Shepherd fold,
  • Now the top of Heav’n doth hold,
  • And the gilded Car of Day,
  • His glowing Axle doth allay
  • In the steep Atlantick stream,
  • And the slope Sun his upward beam
  • Shoots against the dusky Pole,
  • Pacing toward the other goleoriginalEd: 100
  • Of his Chamber in the East.
  • Mean while welcom Joy, and Feast,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(52)]
  • Midnight shout, and revelry,
  • Tipsie dance, and Jollity.
  • Braid your Locks with rosie Twine
  • Dropping odours, dropping Wine.
  • Rigor now is gon to bed,
  • And Advice with scrupulous head,
  • Strict Age, and sowre Severity,
  • With their grave Saws in slumber ly.originalEd: 110
  • We that are of purer fire
  • Imitate the Starry Quire,
  • Who in their nightly watchfull Sphears,
  • Lead in swift round the Months and Years.
  • The Sounds, and Seas with all their finny drove
  • Now to the Moon in wavering Morrice move,
  • And on the Tawny Sands and Shelves,
  • Trip the pert Fairies and the dapper Elves;
  • By dimpled Brook, and Fountain brim,
  • The Wood-Nymphs deckt with Daisies trim,originalEd: 120
  • Their merry wakes and pastimes keep:
  • What hath night to do with sleep?
  • Night hath better sweets to prove,
  • Venus now wakes, and wak’ns Love.
  • Com let us our rights begin,
  • ’Tis onely day-light that makes Sin
  • Which these dun shades will ne’re report.
  • Hail Goddesse of Nocturnal sport
  • Dark vaild Cotytto, t’ whom the secret flame
  • Of mid-night Torches burns; mysterious DameoriginalEd: 130
  • That ne’re art call’d, but when the Dragon woom
  • Of Stygian darknes spets her thickest gloom,
  • And makes one blot of all the ayr,
  • Stay thy cloudy Ebon chair,
  • Wherin thou rid’st with Hecat’, and befriend
  • Us thy vow’d Priests, til utmost end
  • Of all thy dues be done, and none left out,
  • Ere the blabbing Eastern scout,
  • The nice Morn on th’ Indian steep
  • From her cabin’d loop hole peep,originalEd: 140
  • And to the tel-tale Sun discry
  • Our conceal’d Solemnity.
  • Com, knit hands, and beat the ground,
  • In a light fantastick round.
Edition: current; Page: [(53)]

The Measure.

  • Break off, break off, I feel the different pace,
  • Of som chast footing neer about this ground.
  • Run to your shrouds, within these Brakes and Trees,
  • Our number may affright: Som Virgin sure
  • (For so I can distinguish by mine Art)
  • Benighted in these Woods. Now to my charms,originalEd: 150
  • And to my wily trains, I shall e’re long
  • Be well stock’t with as fair a herd as graz’d
  • About my Mother Circe. Thus I hurl
  • My dazling Spells into the spungy ayr,
  • Of power to cheat the eye with blear illusion,
  • And give it false presentments, lest the place
  • And my quaint habits breed astonishment,
  • And put the Damsel to suspicious flight,
  • Which must not be, for that’s against my course;
  • I under fair pretence of friendly ends,originalEd: 160
  • And well plac’t words of glozing courtesie
  • Baited with reasons not unplausible
  • Wind me into the easie-hearted man,
  • And hugg him into snares. When once her eye
  • Hath met the vertue of this Magick dust,
  • I shall appear som harmles Villager
  • Whom thrift keeps up about his Country gear,
  • But here she comes, I fairly step aside,
  • And hearken, if I may, her busines here.

The Lady enters.

The Lady
  • This way the noise was, if mine ear be true,originalEd: 170
  • My best guide now, me thought it was the sound
  • Of Riot, and ill manag’d Merriment,
  • Such as the jocond Flute, or gamesom Pipe
  • Stirs up among the loose unleter’d Hinds,
  • When for their teeming Flocks, and granges full
  • In wanton dance they praise the bounteous Pan,
  • And thank the gods amiss. I should be loath
  • To meet the rudenesse, and swill’d insolence
  • Of such late Wassailers; yet O where els
  • Shall I inform my unacquainted feetoriginalEd: 180

167 omitted 1673

168, 9 order inverted 1673

Edition: current; Page: [(54)]
  • In the blind mazes of this tangl’d Wood?
  • My Brothers when they saw me wearied out
  • With this long way, resolving here to lodge
  • Under the spreading favour of these Pines,
  • Stept as they se’d to the next Thicket side
  • To bring me Berries, or such cooling fruit
  • As the kind hospitable Woods provide.
  • They left me then, when the gray-hooded Eev’n
  • Like a sad Votarist in Palmers weed
  • Rose from the hindmost wheels of Phœbus wain.originalEd: 190
  • But where they are, and why they came not back,
  • Is now the labour of my thoughts, ’tis likeliest
  • They had ingag’d their wandring steps too far,
  • And envious darknes, e’re they could return,
  • Had stole them from me, els O theevish Night
  • Why shouldst thou, but for som fellonious end,
  • In thy dark lantern thus close up the Stars,
  • That nature hung in Heav’n, and fill’d their Lamps
  • With everlasting oil, to give due light
  • To the misled and lonely Travailer?originalEd: 200
  • This is the place, as well as I may guess,
  • Whence eev’n now the tumult of loud Mirth
  • Was rife, and perfet in my list’ning ear,
  • Yet nought but single darknes do I find.
  • What might this be? A thousand fantasies
  • Begin to throng into my memory
  • Of calling shapes, and beckning shadows dire,
  • And airy tongues, that syllable mens names
  • On Sands, and Shoars, and desert Wildernesses.
  • These thoughts may startle well, but not astoundoriginalEd: 210
  • The vertuous mind, that ever walks attended
  • By a strong siding champion Conscience.—
  • O welcom pure-ey’d Faith, white-handed Hope,
  • Thou hovering Angel girt with golden wings,
  • And thou unblemish’t form of Chastity,
  • I see ye visibly, and now beleeve
  • That he, the Supreme good, t’ whom all things ill
  • Are but as slavish officers of vengeance,
  • Would send a glistring Guardian if need were
  • To keep my life and honour unassail’d.originalEd: 220
  • Was I deceiv’d, or did a sable cloud
  • Turn forth her silver lining on the night?
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  • I did not err, there does a sable cloud
  • Turn forth her silver lining on the night,
  • And casts a gleam over this tufted Grove.
  • I cannot hallow to my Brothers, but
  • Such noise as I can make to be heard farthest
  • Ile venter, for my new enliv’nd spirits
  • Prompt me; and they perhaps are not far off.
  • SONG.

  • Sweet Echo, sweetest Nymph that liv’st unseenoriginalEd: 230
  • Within thy airy shell
  • By slow Meander’s margent green,
  • And in the violet imbroider’d vale
  • Where the love-lorn Nightingale
  • Nightly to thee her sad Song mourneth well.
  • Canst thou not tell me of a gentle Pair
  • That likest thy Narcissus are?
  • O if thou have
  • Hid them in som flowry Cave,
  • Tell me but whereoriginalEd: 240
  • Sweet Queen of Parly, Daughter of the Sphear,
  • So maist thou be translated to the skies,
  • And give resounding grace to all Heav’ns Harmonies.
Com.
  • Can any mortal mixture of Earths mould
  • Breath such Divine inchanting ravishment?
  • Sure somthing holy lodges in that brest,
  • And with these raptures moves the vocal air
  • To testifie his hidd’n residence;
  • How sweetly did they float upon the wings
  • Of silence, through the empty-vaulted nightoriginalEd: 250
  • At every fall smoothing the Raven doune
  • Of darknes till it smil’d: I have oft heard
  • My mother Circe with the Sirens three,
  • Amid’st the flowry-kirtl’d Naiades
  • Culling their Potent hearbs, and balefull drugs,
  • Who as they sung, would take the prison’d soul,
  • And lap it in Elysium, Scylla wept,
  • And chid her barking waves into attention,
  • And fell Charybdis murmur’d soft applause:
  • Yet they in pleasing slumber lull’d the sense,originalEd: 260
  • And in sweet madnes rob’d it of it self,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(56)]
  • But such a sacred, and home-felt delight,
  • Such sober certainty of waking bliss
  • I never heard till now. Ile speak to her
  • And she shall be my Queen. Hail forren wonder
  • Whom certain these rough shades did never breed
  • Unlesse the Goddes that in rurall shrine
  • Dwell’st here with Pan, or Silvan, by blest Song
  • Forbidding every bleak unkindly Fog
  • To touch the prosperous growth of this tall Wood.originalEd: 270
La.
  • Nay gentle Shepherd ill is lost that praise
  • That is addrest to unattending Ears,
  • Not any boast of skill, but extreme shift
  • How to regain my sever’d company
  • Compell’d me to awake the courteous Echo
  • To give me answer from her mossie Couch.
Co.

What chance good Lady hath bereft you thus?

La.

Dim darknes, and this leavy Labyrinth.

Co.

Could that divide you from neer-ushering guides?

La.

They left me weary on a grassie terf.originalEd: 280

Co.

By falshood, or discourtesie, or why?

La.

To seek i’th vally som cool friendly Spring.

Co.

And left your fair side all unguarded Lady?

La.

They were but twain, and purpos’d quick return.

Co.

Perhaps fore-stalling night prevented them.

La.

How easie my misfortune is to hit!

Co.

Imports their loss, beside the present need?

La.

No less then if I should my brothers loose.

Co.

Were they of manly prime, or youthful bloom?

La.

As smooth as Hebe’s their unrazor’d lips.originalEd: 290

Co.

Two such I saw, what time the labour’d Oxe

  • In his loose traces from the furrow came,
  • And the swink’t hedger at his Supper sate;
  • I saw them under a green mantling vine
  • That crawls along the side of yon small hill,
  • Plucking ripe clusters from the tender shoots,
  • Their port was more then human, as they stood;
  • I took it for a faëry vision
  • Of som gay creatures of the element
  • That in the colours of the Rainbow liveoriginalEd: 300
  • And play i’th plighted clouds. I was aw-strook,
  • And as I past, I worshipt: if those you seek
  • It were a journey like the path to Heav’n,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(57)]
  • To help you find them.
La.
  • Gentle villager
  • What readiest way would bring me to that place?
Co.

Due west it rises from this shrubby point.

La.

To find out that, good Shepherd, I suppose,

  • In such a scant allowance of Star-light,
  • Would overtask the best Land-Pilots art,
  • Without the sure guess of well-practiz’d feet,originalEd: 310
Co.
  • I know each lane, and every alley green
  • Dingle, or bushy dell of this wilde Wood,
  • And every bosky bourn from side to side
  • My daily walks and ancient neighbourhood,
  • And if your stray attendance be yet lodg’d,
  • Or shroud within these limits, I shall know
  • Ere morrow wake, or the low roosted lark
  • From her thatch’t pallat rowse, if otherwise
  • I can conduct you Lady to a low
  • But loyal cottage, where you may be safeoriginalEd: 320
  • Till further quest’.
La.
  • Shepherd I take thy word,
  • And trust thy honest offer’d courtesie,
  • Which oft is sooner found in lowly sheds
  • With smoaky rafters, then in tapstry Halls
  • And Courts of Princes, where it first was nam’d,
  • And yet is most pretended: In a place
  • Less warranted then this, or less secure
  • I cannot be, that I should fear to change it.
  • Eie me blest Providence, and square my triall
  • To my proportion’d strength. Shepherd lead on.—originalEd: 330

The Two Brothers.

Eld. Bro.
  • Unmuffle ye faint stars, and thou fair Moon
  • That wontst to love the travailers benizon,
  • Stoop thy pale visage through an amber cloud,
  • And disinherit Chaos, that raigns here
  • In double night of darknes, and of shades;
  • Or if your influence be quite damm’d up
  • With black usurping mists, som gentle taper
  • Though a rush Candle from the wicker hole
  • Of som clay habitation visit us
  • With thy long levell’d rule of streaming light,originalEd: 340
  • And thou shalt be our star of Arcady,
  • Or Tyrian Cynosure.
2. Bro.
  • Or if our eyes
  • Be barr’d that happines, might we but hear
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  • The folded flocks pen’d in their watled cotes,
  • Or sound of pastoral reed with oaten stops,
  • Or whistle from the Lodge, or village cock
  • Count the night watches to his feathery Dames,
  • ’Twould be som solace yet, som little chearing
  • In this close dungeon of innumerous bowes.
  • But O that haples virgin our lost sisteroriginalEd: 350
  • Where may she wander now, whether betake her
  • From the chill dew, amongst rude burrs and thistles?
  • Perhaps som cold bank is her boulster now
  • Or ’gainst the rugged bark of som broad Elm
  • Leans her unpillow’d head fraught with sad fears.
  • What if in wild amazement, and affright,
  • Or while we speak within the direfull grasp
  • Of Savage hunger, or of Savage heat?
Eld. Bro.
  • Peace brother, be not over-exquisite
  • To cast the fashion of uncertain evils;originalEd: 360
  • For grant they be so, while they rest unknown,
  • What need a man forestall his date of grief,
  • And run to meet what he would most avoid?
  • Or if they be but false alarms of Fear,
  • How bitter is such self-delusion?
  • I do not think my sister so to seek,
  • Or so unprincipl’d in vertues book,
  • And the sweet peace that goodnes boosoms ever,
  • As that the single want of light and noise
  • (Not being in danger, as I trust she is not)originalEd: 370
  • Could stir the constant mood of her calm thoughts,
  • And put them into mis-becoming plight.
  • Vertue could see to do what vertue would
  • By her own radiant light, though Sun and Moon
  • Were in the flat Sea sunk. And Wisdoms self
  • Oft seeks to sweet retired Solitude,
  • Where with her best nurse Contemplation
  • She plumes her feathers, and lets grow her wings
  • That in the various bussle of resort
  • Were all to ruffl’d, and somtimes impair’d.originalEd: 380
  • He that has light within his own cleer brest
  • May sit i’th center, and enjoy bright day,
  • But he that hides a dark soul, and foul thoughts
  • Benighted walks under the mid-day Sun;
  • Himself is his own dungeon.
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2. Bro.
  • Tis most true
  • That musing meditation most affects
  • The pensive secrecy of desert cell,
  • Far from the cheerfull haunt of men, and herds,
  • And sits as safe as in a Senat house,
  • For who would rob a Hermit of his Weeds,originalEd: 390
  • His few Books, or his Beads, or Maple Dish,
  • Or do his gray hairs any violence?
  • But beauty like the fair Hesperian Tree
  • Laden with blooming gold, had need the guard
  • Of dragon watch with uninchanted eye,
  • To save her blossoms, and defend her fruit
  • From the rash hand of bold Incontinence.
  • You may as well spred out the unsun’d heaps
  • Of Misers treasure by an out-laws den,
  • And tell me it is safe, as bid me hopeoriginalEd: 400
  • Danger will wink on Opportunity,
  • And let a single helpless maiden pass
  • Uninjur’d in this wilde surrounding wast.
  • Of night, or lonelines it recks me not,
  • I fear the dred events that dog them both,
  • Lest som ill greeting touch attempt the person
  • Of our unowned sister.
Eld. Bro.
  • I do not, brother,
  • Inferr, as if I thought my sisters state
  • Secure without all doubt, or controversie:
  • Yet where an equall poise of hope and fearoriginalEd: 410
  • Does arbitrate th’event, my nature is
  • That I encline to hope, rather then fear,
  • And gladly banish squint suspicion.
  • My sister is not so defenceless left
  • As you imagine, she has a hidden strength
  • Which you remember not.
2. Bro.
  • What hidden strength,
  • Unless the strength of Heav’n, if you mean that?
Eld. Bro.
  • I mean that too, but yet a hidden strength
  • Which if Heav’n gave it, may be term’d her own:
  • ’Tis chastity, my brother, chastity:originalEd: 420
  • She that has that, is clad in compleat steel,
  • And like a quiver’d Nymph with Arrows keen
  • May trace huge Forests, and unharbour’d Heaths,
  • Infamous Hills, and sandy perilous wildes,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(60)]
  • Where through the sacred rayes of Chastity,
  • No savage fierce, Bandite, or mountaneer
  • Will dare to soyl her Virgin purity,
  • Yea there, where very desolation dwels
  • By grots, and caverns shag’d with horrid shades,
  • She may pass on with unblench’t majesty,originalEd: 430
  • Be it not don in pride, or in presumption.
  • Som say no evil thing that walks by night
  • In fog, or fire, by lake, or moorish fen,
  • Blew meager Hag, or stubborn unlaid ghost,
  • That breaks his magick chains at curfeu time,
  • No goblin, or swart faëry of the mine,
  • Hath hurtfull power o’re true virginity.
  • Do ye beleeve me yet, or shall I call
  • Antiquity from the old Schools of Greece
  • To testifie the arms of Chastity?originalEd: 440
  • Hence had the huntress Dian her dred bow
  • Fair silver-shafted Queen for ever chaste,
  • Wherwith she tam’d the brinded lioness
  • And spotted mountain pard, but set at nought
  • The frivolous bolt of Cupid, gods and men
  • Fear’d her stern frown, and she was queen oth’ Woods.
  • What was that snaky-headed Gorgon sheild
  • That wise Minerva wore, unconquer’d Virgin,
  • Wherwith she freez’d her foes to congeal’d stone?
  • But rigid looks of Chast austerity,originalEd: 450
  • And noble grace that dash’t brute violence
  • With sudden adoration, and blank aw.
  • So dear to Heav’n is Saintly chastity,
  • That when a soul is found sincerely so,
  • A thousand liveried Angels lacky her,
  • Driving far off each thing of sin and guilt,
  • And in cleer dream, and solemn vision
  • Tell her of things that no gross ear can hear,
  • Till oft convers with heav’nly habitants
  • Begin to cast a beam on th’outward shape,originalEd: 460
  • The unpolluted temple of the mind,
  • And turns it by degrees to the souls essence,
  • Till all be made immortal: but when lust
  • By unchaste looks, loose gestures, and foul talk,
  • But most by leud and lavish act of sin,
  • Lets in defilement to the inward parts,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(61)]
  • The soul grows clotted by contagion,
  • Imbodies, and imbrutes, till she quite loose
  • The divine property of her first being.
  • Such are those thick and gloomy shadows damporiginalEd: 470
  • Oft seen in Charnell vaults, and Sepulchers
  • Lingering, and sitting by a new made grave,
  • As loath to leave the body that it lov’d,
  • And link’t it self by carnal sensualty
  • To a degenerate and degraded state.
2. Bro.
  • How charming is divine Philosophy!
  • Not harsh, and crabbed as dull fools suppose,
  • But musical as is Apollo’s lute,
  • And a perpetual feast of nectar’d sweets,
  • Where no crude surfet raigns.
Eld. Bro.
  • List, list, I hear
  • Som far off hallow break the silent Air.originalEd: 481
2. Bro.

Me thought so too; what should it be?

Eld. Bro.
  • For certain
  • Either som one like us night-founder’d here,
  • Or els som neighbour Wood-man, or at worst,
  • Som roaving Robber calling to his fellows.
2. Bro.
  • Heav’n keep my sister, agen agen and neer,
  • Best draw, and stand upon our guard.
Eld. Bro.
  • Ile hallow,
  • If he be friendly he comes well, if not,
  • Defence is a good cause, and Heav’n be for us.

The attendant Spirit habited like a Shepherd.

  • That hallow I should know, what are you? speak;originalEd: 490
  • Com not too neer, you fall on iron stakes else.
Spir.

What voice is that, my young Lord? speak agen.

2. Bro.

O brother, ’tis my father Shepherd sure.

Eld. Bro.
  • Thyrsis? Whose artful strains have oft delaid
  • The huddling brook to hear his madrigal,
  • And sweeten’d every muskrose of the dale,
  • How cam’st thou here good Swain? hath any ram
  • Slip’t from the fold, or young Kid lost his dam,
  • Or straggling weather the pen’t flock forsook?
  • How couldst thou find this dark sequester’d nook?originalEd: 500
Spir.
  • O my lov’d masters heir, and his next joy,
  • I came not here on such a trivial toy
  • As a stray’d Ewe, or to pursue the stealth
  • Edition: current; Page: [(62)]
  • Of pilfering Woolf, not all the fleecy wealth
  • That doth enrich these Downs, is worth a thought
  • To this my errand, and the care it brought.
  • But O my Virgin Lady, where is she?
  • How chance she is not in your company?
Eld. Bro.
  • To tell thee sadly Shepherd, without blame,
  • Or our neglect, we lost her as we came.originalEd: 510
Spir.

Ay me unhappy then my fears are true.

Eld. Bro.

What fears good Thyrsis? Prethee briefly shew.

Spir.
  • Ile tell ye, ’tis not vain or fabulous,
  • (Though so esteem’d by shallow ignorance)
  • What the sage Poëts taught by th’ heav’nly Muse,
  • Storied of old in high immortal vers
  • Of dire Chimera’s and inchanted Iles,
  • And rifted Rocks whose entrance leads to hell,
  • For such there be, but unbelief is blind.
  • Within the navil of this hideous Wood,originalEd: 520
  • Immur’d in cypress shades a Sorcerer dwels
  • Of Bacchus, and of Circe born, great Comus,
  • Deep skill’d in all his mothers witcheries,
  • And here to every thirsty wanderer,
  • By sly enticement gives his banefull cup,
  • With many murmurs mixt, whose pleasing poison
  • The visage quite transforms of him that drinks,
  • And the inglorious likenes of a beast
  • Fixes instead, unmoulding reasons mintage
  • Character’d in the face; this have I learn’toriginalEd: 530
  • Tending my flocks hard by i’th hilly crofts,
  • That brow this bottom glade, whence night by night
  • He and his monstrous rout are heard to howl
  • Like stabl’d wolves, or tigers at their prey,
  • Doing abhorred rites to Hecate
  • In their obscured haunts of inmost bowres.
  • Yet have they many baits, and guilefull spells
  • To inveigle and invite th’unwary sense
  • Of them that pass unweeting by the way.
  • This evening late by then the chewing flocksoriginalEd: 540
  • Had ta’n their supper on the savoury Herb
  • Of Knot-grass dew-besprent, and were in fold,
  • I sate me down to watch upon a bank
  • With Ivy canopied, and interwove
  • With flaunting Hony-suckle, and began
  • Edition: current; Page: [(63)]
  • Wrapt in a pleasing fit of melancholy
  • To meditate my rural minstrelsie,
  • Till fancy had her fill, but ere a close
  • The wonted roar was up amidst the Woods,
  • And fill’d the Air with barbarous dissonance,originalEd: 550
  • At which I ceas’t, and listen’d them a while,
  • Till an unusuall stop of sudden silence
  • Gave respit to the drowsie frighted steeds
  • That draw the litter of close-curtain’d sleep.
  • At last a soft and solemn breathing sound
  • Rose like a steam of rich distill’d Perfumes,
  • And stole upon the Air, that even Silence
  • Was took e’re she was ware, and wish’t she might
  • Deny her nature, and be never more
  • Still to be so displac’t. I was all eare,originalEd: 560
  • And took in strains that might create a soul
  • Under the ribs of Death, but O ere long
  • Too well I did perceive it was the voice
  • Of my most honour’d Lady, your dear sister.
  • Amaz’d I stood, harrow’d with grief and fear,
  • And O poor hapless Nightingale thought I,
  • How sweet thou sing’st, how neer the deadly snare!
  • Then down the Lawns I ran with headlong hast
  • Through paths, and turnings oft’n trod by day,
  • Till guided by mine ear I found the placeoriginalEd: 570
  • Where that damn’d wisard hid in sly disguise
  • (For so by certain signes I knew) had met
  • Already, ere my best speed could prævent,
  • The aidless innocent Lady his wish’t prey,
  • Who gently ask’t if he had seen such two,
  • Supposing him som neighbour villager;
  • Longer I durst not stay, but soon I guess’t
  • Ye were the two she mean’t, with that I sprung
  • Into swift flight, till I had found you here,
  • But furder know I not.
2. Bro.
  • O night and shades,originalEd: 580
  • How are ye joyn’d with hell in triple knot
  • Against th’unarmed weakness of one Virgin
  • Alone, and helpless! Is this the confidence
  • You gave me Brother?
Eld. Bro.
  • Yes, and keep it still,
  • Lean on it safely, not a period
  • Edition: current; Page: [(64)]
  • Shall be unsaid for me: against the threats
  • Of malice or of sorcery, or that power
  • Which erring men call Chance, this I hold firm,
  • Vertue may be assail’d, but never hurt,
  • Surpriz’d by unjust force, but not enthrall’d,originalEd: 590
  • Yea even that which mischief meant most harm,
  • Shall in the happy trial prove most glory.
  • But evil on it self shall back recoyl,
  • And mix no more with goodness, when at last
  • Gather’d like scum, and setl’d to it self
  • It shall be in eternal restless change
  • Self-fed, and self-consum’d, if this fail,
  • The pillar’d firmament is rott’nness,
  • And earths base built on stubble. But com let’s on.
  • Against th’ opposing will and arm of Heav’noriginalEd: 600
  • May never this just sword be lifted up,
  • But for that damn’d magician, let him be girt
  • With all the greisly legions that troop
  • Under the sooty flag of Acheron,
  • Harpyies and Hydra’s, or all the monstrous forms
  • ’Twixt Africa and Inde, Ile find him out,
  • And force him to restore his purchase back,
  • Or drag him by the curls, to a foul death,
  • Curs’d as his life.
Spir.
  • Alas good ventrous youth,
  • I love thy courage yet, and bold Emprise,originalEd: 610
  • But here thy sword can do thee little stead,
  • Farr other arms, and other weapons must
  • Be those that quell the might of hellish charms,
  • He with his bare wand can unthred thy joynts,
  • And crumble all thy sinews.
Eld. Bro.
  • Why prethee Shepherd
  • How durst thou then thy self approach so neer
  • As to make this relation?
Spir.
  • Care and utmost shifts
  • How to secure the Lady from surprisal,
  • Brought to my mind a certain Shepherd Lad
  • Of small regard to see to, yet well skill’doriginalEd: 620
  • In every vertuous plant and healing herb
  • That spreds her verdant leaf to th’morning ray,
  • He lov’d me well, and oft would beg me sing,
  • Which when I did, he on the tender grass
  • Edition: current; Page: [(65)]
  • Would sit, and hearken even to extasie,
  • And in requitall ope his leather’n scrip,
  • And shew me simples of a thousand names
  • Telling their strange and vigorous faculties;
  • Amongst the rest a small unsightly root,
  • But of divine effect, he cull’d me out;originalEd: 630
  • The leaf was darkish, and had prickles on it,
  • But in another Countrey, as he said,
  • Bore a bright golden flowre, but not in this soyl:
  • Unknown, and like esteem’d, and the dull swayn
  • Treads on it daily with his clouted shoon,
  • And yet more med’cinal is it then that Moly
  • That Hermes once to wise Ulysses gave;
  • He call’d it Hæmony, and gave it me,
  • And bad me keep it as of sov’ran use
  • ’Gainst all inchantments, mildew blast, or damporiginalEd: 640
  • Or gastly furies apparition;
  • I purs’t it up, but little reck’ning made,
  • Till now that this extremity compell’d,
  • But now I find it true; for by this means
  • I knew the foul inchanter though disguis’d,
  • Enter’d the very lime-twigs of his spells,
  • And yet came off: if you have this about you
  • (As I will give you when we go) you may
  • Boldly assault the necromancers hall;
  • Where if he be, with dauntless hardihood,originalEd: 650
  • And brandish’t blade rush on him, break his glass,
  • And shed the lushious liquor on the ground,
  • But sease his wand, though he and his curst crew
  • Feirce signe of battail make, and menace high,
  • Or like the sons of Vulcan vomit smoak,
  • Yet will they soon retire, if he but shrink.
Eld. Bro.
  • Thyrsis lead on apace, Ile follow thee,
  • And som good angel bear a sheild before us.

The Scene changes to a stately Palace, set out with all manner of deliciousness; soft Musick, Tables spred with all dainties. Comus appears with his rabble, and the Lady set in an inchanted Chair, to whom he offers his Glass, which she puts by, and goes about to rise.

Comus.
  • Nay Lady sit; if I but wave this wand,
  • Your nerves are all chain’d up in Alablaster,originalEd: 660
  • And you a statue; or as Daphne was
  • Root-bound, that fled Apollo.
Edition: current; Page: [(66)]
La.
  • Fool do not boast,
  • Thou canst not touch the freedom of my minde
  • With all thy charms, although this corporal rinde
  • Thou haste immanacl’d, while Heav’n sees good.
Co.
  • Why are you vext Lady? why do you frown?
  • Here dwell no frowns, nor anger, from these gates
  • Sorrow flies farr: See here be all the pleasures
  • That fancy can beget on youthfull thoughts,
  • When the fresh blood grows lively, and returnsoriginalEd: 670
  • Brisk as the April buds in Primrose-season.
  • And first behold this cordial Julep here
  • That flames, and dances in his crystal bounds
  • With spirits of balm, and fragrant Syrops mixt.
  • Not that Nepenthes which the wife of Thone,
  • In Egypt gave to Jove-born Helena
  • Is of such power to stir up joy as this,
  • To life so friendly, or so cool to thirst.
  • Why should you be so cruel to your self,
  • And to those dainty limms which nature lentoriginalEd: 680
  • For gentle usage, and soft delicacy?
  • But you invert the cov’nants of her trust,
  • And harshly deal like an ill borrower
  • With that which you receiv’d on other terms,
  • Scorning the unexempt condition
  • By which all mortal frailty must subsist,
  • Refreshment after toil, ease after pain,
  • That have been tir’d all day without repast,
  • And timely rest have wanted, but fair Virgin
  • This will restore all soon.
La.
  • ’Twill not false traitor,originalEd: 690
  • ’Twill not restore the truth and honesty
  • That thou hast banish’t from thy tongue with lies,
  • Was this the cottage, and the safe abode
  • Thou told’st me of? What grim aspects are these,
  • These oughly-headed Monsters? Mercy guard me!
  • Hence with thy brew’d inchantments, foul deceiver,
  • Hast thou betrai’d my credulous innocence
  • With visor’d falshood, and base forgery,
  • And wouldst thou seek again to trap me here
  • With lickerish baits fit to ensnare a brute?originalEd: 700
  • Were it a draft for Juno when she banquets,
  • I would not taste thy treasonous offer; none
Edition: current; Page: [(a)]
lf0243_figure_002.jpg
FROM THE AUTOGRAPH MANUSCRIPT OF THE MINOR POEMS PRESERVED IN TRINITY COLLEGE CAMBRIDGE [COMUS, 672-706]
Edition: current; Page: [(67)]
  • But such as are good men can give good things,
  • And that which is not good, is not delicious
  • To a well-govern’d and wise appetite.
Co.
  • O foolishnes of men! that lend their ears
  • To those budge doctors of the Stoick Furr,
  • And fetch their precepts from the Cynick Tub,
  • Praising the lean and sallow Abstinence.
  • Wherefore did Nature powre her bounties forth,originalEd: 710
  • With such a full and unwithdrawing hand,
  • Covering the earth with odours, fruits, and flocks,
  • Thronging the Seas with spawn innumerable,
  • But all to please, and sate the curious taste?
  • And set to work millions of spinning Worms,
  • That in their green shops weave the smooth-hair’d silk
  • To deck her Sons, and that no corner might
  • Be vacant of her plenty, in her own loyns
  • She hutch’t th’all-worshipt ore, and precious gems
  • To store her children with; if all the worldoriginalEd: 720
  • Should in a pet of temperance feed on Pulse,
  • Drink the clear stream, and nothing wear but Freize,
  • Th’all-giver would be unthank’t, would be unprais’d,
  • Not half his riches known, and yet despis’d,
  • And we should serve him as a grudging master,
  • As a penurious niggard of his wealth,
  • And live like Natures bastards, not her sons,
  • Who would be quite surcharged with her own weight,
  • And strangl’d with her waste fertility;
  • Th’earth cumber’d, and the wing’d air dark’t with plumes,
  • The herds would over-multitude their Lords,originalEd: 731
  • The Sea o’refraught would swell, and th’unsought diamonds
  • Would so emblaze the forhead of the Deep,
  • And so bestudd with Stars, that they below
  • Would grow inur’d to light, and com at last
  • To gaze upon the Sun with shameless brows.
  • List Lady be not coy, and be not cosen’d
  • With that same vaunted name Virginity,
  • Beauty is natures coyn, must not be hoorded,
  • But must be currant, and the good thereoforiginalEd: 740
  • Consists in mutual and partak’n bliss,
  • Unsavoury in th’injoyment of it self
  • If you let slip time, like a neglected rose
  • It withers on the stalk with languish’t head.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(68)]
  • Beauty is natures brag, and must be shown
  • In courts, at feasts, and high solemnities
  • Where most may wonder at the workmanship;
  • It is for homely features to keep home,
  • They had their name thence; course complexions
  • And cheeks of sorry grain will serve to playoriginalEd: 750
  • The sampler, and to teize the huswifes wooll.
  • What need a vermeil-tinctured lip for that
  • Love-darting eyes, or tresses like the Morn?
  • There was another meaning in these gifts,
  • Think what, and be adviz’d, you are but young yet.
La.
  • I had not thought to have unlockt my lips
  • In this unhallow’d air, but that this Jugler
  • Would think to charm my judgement, as mine eyes,
  • Obtruding false rules pranckt in reasons garb.
  • I hate when vice can bolt her arguments,originalEd: 760
  • And vertue has no tongue to check her pride:
  • Impostor do not charge most innocent nature,
  • As if she would her children should be riotous
  • With her abundance, she good cateress
  • Means her provision onely to the good
  • That live according to her sober laws,
  • And holy dictate of spare Temperance:
  • If every just man that now pines with want
  • Had but a moderate and beseeming share
  • Of that which lewdly-pamper’d LuxuryoriginalEd: 770
  • Now heaps upon som few with vast excess,
  • Natures full blessings would be well dispenc’t
  • In unsuperfluous eeven proportion,
  • And she no whit encomber’d with her store,
  • And then the giver would be better thank’t,
  • His praise due paid, for swinish gluttony
  • Ne’re looks to Heav’n amidst his gorgeous feast,
  • But with besotted base ingratitude
  • Cramms, and blasphemes his feeder. Shall I go on?
  • Or have I said anough? To him that daresoriginalEd: 780
  • Arm his profane tongue with contemptuous words
  • Against the Sun-clad power of Chastity,
  • Fain would I somthing say, yet to what end?
  • Thou hast nor Eare, nor Soul to apprehend
  • The sublime notion, and high mystery
  • Edition: current; Page: [(69)]
  • That must be utter’d to unfold the sage
  • And serious doctrine of Virginity,
  • And thou art worthy that thou shouldst not know
  • More happiness then this thy present lot.
  • Enjoy your deer Wit, and gay RhetorickoriginalEd: 790
  • That hath so well been taught her dazling fence,
  • Thou art not fit to hear thy self convinc’t;
  • Yet should I try, the uncontrouled worth
  • Of this pure cause would kindle my rap’t spirits
  • To such a flame of sacred vehemence,
  • That dumb things would be mov’d to sympathize,
  • And the brute Earth would lend her nerves, and shake,
  • Till all thy magick structures rear’d so high,
  • Were shatter’d into heaps o’re thy false head.
Co.
  • She fables not, I feel that I do fearoriginalEd: 800
  • Her words set off by som superior power;
  • And though not mortal, yet a cold shuddring dew
  • Dips me all o’re, as when the wrath of Jove
  • Speaks thunder, and the chains of Erebus
  • To som of Saturns crew. I must dissemble,
  • And try her yet more strongly. Com, no more,
  • This is meer moral babble, and direct
  • Against the canon laws of our foundation;
  • I must not suffer this, yet ’tis but the lees
  • And setlings of a melancholy blood;originalEd: 810
  • But this will cure all streight, one sip of this
  • Will bathe the drooping spirits in delight
  • Beyond the bliss of dreams. Be wise, and taste.—

The Brothers rush in with Swords drawn, wrest his Glass out of his hand, and break it against the ground; his rout make signe of resistance, but are all driven in; The attendant Spirit comes in.

Spir.
  • What, have you let the false enchanter scape?
  • O ye mistook, ye should have snatcht his wand
  • And bound him fast; without his rod revers’t,
  • And backward mutters of dissevering power,
  • We cannot free the Lady that sits here
  • In stony fetters fixt, and motionless;
  • Yet stay, be not disturb’d, now I bethink me,originalEd: 820
  • Som other means I have which may be us’d,
  • Which once of Melibœus old I learnt
  • The soothest Shepherd that ere pip’t on plains.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(70)]
  • There is a gentle Nymph not farr from hence,
  • That with moist curb sways the smooth Severn stream,
  • Sabrina is her name, a Virgin pure,
  • Whilom she was the daughter of Locrine,
  • That had the Scepter from his father Brute.
  • The guiltless damsel flying the mad pursuit
  • Of her enraged stepdam Guendolen,originalEd: 830
  • Commended her fair innocence to the flood
  • That stay’d her flight with his cross-flowing course,
  • The water Nymphs that in the bottom plaid,
  • Held up their pearled wrists and took her in,
  • Bearing her straight to aged Nereus Hall,
  • Who piteous of her woes, rear’d her lank head,
  • And gave her to his daughters to imbathe
  • In nectar’d lavers strew’d with Asphodil,
  • And through the porch and inlet of each sense
  • Dropt in Ambrosial Oils till she reviv’d,originalEd: 840
  • And underwent a quick immortal change
  • Made Goddess of the River; still she retains
  • Her maid’n gentlenes, and oft at Eeve
  • Visits the herds along the twilight meadows,
  • Helping all urchin blasts, and ill luck signes
  • That the shrewd medling Elfe delights to make,
  • Which she with pretious viold liquors heals.
  • For which the Shepherds at their festivals
  • Carrol her goodnes lowd in rustick layes,
  • And throw sweet garland wreaths into her streamoriginalEd: 850
  • Of pancies, pinks, and gaudy Daffadils.
  • And, as the old Swain said, she can unlock
  • The clasping charm, and thaw the numming spell,
  • If she be right invok’t in warbled Song,
  • For maid’nhood she loves, and will be swift
  • To aid a Virgin, such as was her self
  • In hard besetting need, this will I try
  • And adde the power of som adjuring verse.
  • SONG.

  • Sabrina fair
  • Listen where thou art sittingoriginalEd: 860
  • Under the glassie, cool, translucent wave,
  • In twisted braids of Lillies knitting
  • Edition: current; Page: [(71)]
  • The loose train of thy amber-dropping hair,
  • Listen for dear honour’s sake,
  • Goddess of the silver lake,
  • Listen and save.
  • Listen and appear to us
  • In name of great Oceanus,
  • By the earth-shaking Neptune’s mace,
  • And Tethys grave majestick pace,originalEd: 870
  • By hoary Nereus wrincled look,
  • And the Carpathian wisards hook,
  • By scaly Tritons winding shell,
  • And old sooth-saying Glaucus spell,
  • By Leucothea’s lovely hands,
  • And her son that rules the strands,
  • By Thetis tinsel-slipper’d feet,
  • And the Songs of Sirens sweet,
  • By dead Parthenope’s dear tomb,
  • And fair Ligea’s golden comb,originalEd: 880
  • Wherwith she sits on diamond rocks
  • Sleeking her soft alluring locks,
  • By all the Nymphs that nightly dance
  • Upon thy streams with wily glance,
  • Rise, rise, and heave thy rosie head
  • From thy coral-pav’n bed,
  • And bridle in thy headlong wave,
  • Till thou our summons answered have.
  • Listen and save.

Sabrina rises, attended by water-Nymphes, and sings.

Sabrina
  • By the rushy-fringed bank,originalEd: 890
  • Where grows the Willow and the Osier dank,
  • My sliding Chariot stayes,
  • Thick set with Agat, and the azurn sheen
  • Of Turkis blew, and Emrauld green
  • That in the channell strayes,
  • Whilst from off the waters fleet
  • Thus I set my printless feet
  • O’re the Cowslips Velvet head,
  • That bends not as I tread,
  • Gentle swain at thy requestoriginalEd: 900
  • I am here.
Edition: current; Page: [(72)]
Spir.
  • Goddess dear
  • We implore thy powerful hand
  • To undo the charmed band
  • Of true Virgin here distrest,
  • Through the force, and through the wile
  • Of unblest inchanter vile.
Sab.
  • Shepherd ’tis my office best
  • To help insnared chastity;
  • Brightest Lady look on me,originalEd: 910
  • Thus I sprinkle on thy brest
  • Drops that from my fountain pure,
  • I have kept of pretious cure,
  • Thrice upon thy fingers tip,
  • Thrice upon thy rubied lip,
  • Next this marble venom’d seat
  • Smear’d with gumms of glutenous heat
  • I touch with chaste palms moist and cold,
  • Now the spell hath lost his hold;
  • And I must haste ere morning houroriginalEd: 920
  • To wait in Amphitrite’s bowr.

Sabrina descends, and the Lady rises out of her seat.

Spir.
  • Virgin, daughter of Locrine
  • Sprung of old Anchises line,
  • May thy brimmed waves for this
  • Their full tribute never miss
  • From a thousand petty rills,
  • That tumble down the snowy hills:
  • Summer drouth, or singed air
  • Never scorch thy tresses fair,
  • Nor wet Octobers torrent floodoriginalEd: 930
  • Thy molten crystal fill with mudd,
  • May thy billows rowl ashoar
  • The beryl, and the golden ore,
  • May thy lofty head be crown’d
  • With many a tower and terrass round,
  • And here and there thy banks upon
  • With Groves of myrrhe, and cinnamon.
  • Com Lady while Heaven lends us grace,
  • Let us fly this cursed place,
  • Lest the Sorcerer us inticeoriginalEd: 940
  • With som other new device.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(73)]
  • Not a waste, or needless sound
  • Till we com to holier ground,
  • I shall be your faithfull guide
  • Through this gloomy covert wide,
  • And not many furlongs thence
  • Is your Fathers residence,
  • Where this night are met in state
  • Many a friend to gratulate
  • His wish’t presence, and besideoriginalEd: 950
  • All the Swains that there abide,
  • With Jiggs, and rural dance resort,
  • We shall catch them at their sport,
  • And our sudden coming there
  • Will double all their mirth and chere;
  • Com let us haste, the Stars grow high,
  • But night sits monarch yet in the mid sky.

The Scene changes, presenting Ludlow Town and the Presidents Castle, then com in Countrey-Dancers, after them the attendant Spirit, with the two Brothers and the Lady.

SONG.

Spir.
  • Back Shepherds, back, anough your play,
  • Till next Sun-shine holiday,
  • Here be without duck or nodoriginalEd: 960
  • Other trippings to be trod
  • Of lighter toes, and such Court guise
  • As Mercury did first devise
  • With the mincing Dryades
  • On the Lawns, and on the Leas.

This second Song presents them to their father and mother.

  • Noble Lord, and Lady bright,
  • I have brought ye new delight,
  • Here behold so goodly grown
  • Three fair branches of your own,
  • Heav’n hath timely tri’d their youth,originalEd: 970
  • Their faith, their patience, and their truth.
  • And sent them here through hard assays
  • With a crown of deathless Praise,
  • To triumph in victorious dance
  • O’re sensual Folly, and Intemperance.
Edition: current; Page: [(74)]

The dances ended, the Spirit Epiloguises.

Spir.
  • To the Ocean now I fly,
  • And those happy climes that ly
  • Where day never shuts his eye,
  • Up in the broad fields of the sky:
  • There I suck the liquid ayroriginalEd: 980
  • All amidst the Gardens fair
  • Of Hesperus, and his daughters three
  • That sing about the golden tree:
  • Along the crisped shades and bowres
  • Revels the spruce and jocond Spring,
  • The Graces, and the rosie-boosom’d Howres,
  • Thither all their bounties bring,
  • That there eternal Summer dwels,
  • And West winds, with musky wing
  • About the cedar’n alleys flingoriginalEd: 990
  • Nard, and Cassia’s balmy smels.
  • Iris there with humid bow,
  • Waters the odorous banks that blow
  • Flowers of more mingled hew
  • Then her purfl’d scarf can shew,
  • And drenches with Elysian dew
  • (List mortals, if your ears be true)
  • Beds of Hyacinth, and roses
  • Where young Adonis oft reposes,
  • Waxing well of his deep woundoriginalEd: 1000
  • In slumber soft, and on the ground
  • Sadly sits th’ Assyrian Queen;
  • But far above in spangled sheen
  • Celestial Cupid her fam’d son advanc’t,
  • Holds his dear Psyche sweet intranc’t
  • After her wandring labours long,
  • Till free consent the gods among
  • Make her his eternal Bride,
  • And from her fair unspotted side
  • Two blissful twins are to be born,originalEd: 1010
  • Youth and Joy; so Jove hath sworn.
  • But now my task is smoothly don,
  • I can fly, or I can run
  • Quickly to the green earths end,
  • Where the bow’d welkin slow doth bend,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(75)]
  • And from thence can soar as soon
  • To the corners of the Moon.
  • Mortals that would follow me,
  • Love vertue, she alone is free,
  • She can teach ye how to climeoriginalEd: 1020
  • Higher then the Spheary chime;
  • Or if Vertue feeble were,
  • Heav’n it self would stoop to her.
The End.
Edition: current; Page: [(76)]

POEMS ADDED IN THE 1673 EDITION.

Anno aetatis 17. On the Death of a fair Infant dying of a Cough.

  • I
  • O fairest flower no sooner blown but blasted,
  • Soft silken Primrose fading timelesslie,
  • Summers chief honour if thou hadst out-lasted
  • Bleak winters force that made thy blossome drie;
  • For he being amorous on that lovely die
  • That did thy cheek envermeil, thought to kiss
  • But kill’d alas, and then bewayl’d his fatal bliss.
  • II
  • For since grim Aquilo his charioter
  • By boistrous rape th’ Athenian damsel got,
  • He thought it toucht his Deitie full neer,originalEd: 10
  • If likewise he some fair one wedded not,
  • Thereby to wipe away th’ infamous blot,
  • Of long-uncoupled bed, and childless eld,
  • Which ’mongst the wanton gods a foul reproach was held.
  • III
  • So mounting up in ycie-pearled carr,
  • Through middle empire of the freezing aire
  • He wanderd long, till thee he spy’d from farr,
  • There ended was his quest, there ceast his care.
  • Down he descended from his Snow-soft chaire,
  • But all unwares with his cold-kind embraceoriginalEd: 20
  • Unhous’d thy Virgin Soul from her fair biding place.
Edition: current; Page: [(77)]
  • IV
  • Yet art thou not inglorious in thy fate;
  • For so Apollo, with unweeting hand
  • Whilome did slay his dearly-loved mate
  • Young Hyacinth born on Eurotas’ strand,
  • Young Hyacinth the pride of Spartan land;
  • But then transform’d him to a purple flower
  • Alack that so to change thee winter had no power.
  • V
  • Yet can I not perswade me thou art dead
  • Or that thy coarse corrupts in earths dark wombe,originalEd: 30
  • Or that thy beauties lie in wormie bed,
  • Hid from the world in a low delved tombe;
  • Could Heav’n for pittie thee so strictly doom?
  • Oh no! for something in thy face did shine
  • Above mortalitie that shew’d thou wast divine.
  • VI
  • Resolve me then oh Soul most surely blest
  • (If so it be that thou these plaints dost hear)
  • Tell me bright Spirit where e’re thou hoverest
  • Whether above that high first-moving Spheare
  • Or in the Elisian fields (if such there were.)originalEd: 40
  • Oh say me true if thou wert mortal wight
  • And why from us so quickly thou didst take thy flight.
  • VII
  • Wert thou some Starr which from the ruin’d roofe
  • Of shak’t Olympus by mischance didst fall;
  • Which carefull Jove in natures true behoofe
  • Took up, and in fit place did reinstall?
  • Or did of late earths Sonnes besiege the wall
  • Of sheenie Heav’n, and thou some goddess fled
  • Amongst us here below to hide thy nectar’d head.
Edition: current; Page: [(78)]
  • VIII
  • Or wert thou that just Maid who once beforeoriginalEd: 50
  • Forsook the hated earth, O tell me sooth
  • And cam’st again to visit us once more?
  • Or wert thou that sweet smiling Youth!
  • Or that c[r]own’d Matron sage white-robed Truth?
  • Or any other of that heav’nly brood
  • Let down in clowdie throne to do the world some good.
  • IX
  • Or wert thou of the golden-winged hoast,
  • Who having clad thy self in humane weed,
  • To earth from thy præfixed seat didst poast,
  • And after short abode flie back with speed,originalEd: 60
  • As if to shew what creatures Heav’n doth breed,
  • Thereby to set the hearts of men on fire
  • To scorn the sordid world, and unto Heav’n aspire.
  • X
  • But oh why didst thou not stay here below
  • To bless us with thy heav’n-lov’d innocence,
  • To slake his wrath whom sin hath made our foe
  • To turn Swift-rushing black perdition hence,
  • Or drive away the slaughtering pestilence,
  • To stand ’twixt us and our deserved smart
  • But thou canst best perform that office where thou art.originalEd: 70
  • XI
  • Then thou the mother of so sweet a child
  • Her false imagin’d loss cease to lament,
  • And wisely learn to curb thy sorrows wild;
  • Think what a present thou to God hast sent,
  • And render him with patience what he lent;
  • This if thou do he will an off-spring give,
  • That till the worlds last-end shall make thy name to live.
Edition: current; Page: [(79)]

Anno Aetatis 19. At a Vacation Exercise in the Colledge, part Latin, part English. The Latin speeches ended, the English thus began.

  • Hail native Language, that by sinews weak
  • Didst move my first endeavouring tongue to speak,
  • And mad’st imperfect words with childish tripps,
  • Half unpronounc’t, slide through my infant-lipps,
  • Driving dum silence from the portal dore,
  • Where he had mutely sate two years before:
  • Here I salute thee and thy pardon ask,
  • That now I use thee in my latter task:
  • Small loss it is that thence can come unto thee,
  • I know my tongue but little Grace can do thee:originalEd: 10
  • Thou needst not be ambitious to be first,
  • Believe me I have thither packt the worst:
  • And, if it happen as I did forecast,
  • The daintest dishes shall be serv’d up last.
  • I pray thee then deny me not thy aide
  • For this same small neglect that I have made:
  • But haste thee strait to do me once a Pleasure,
  • And from thy wardrope bring thy chiefest treasure;
  • Not those new fangled toys, and triming slight
  • Which takes our late fantasticks with delight,originalEd: 20
  • But cull those richest Robes, and gay’st attire
  • Which deepest Spirits, and choicest Wits desire:
  • I have some naked thoughts that rove about
  • And loudly knock to have their passage out;
  • And wearie of their place do only stay
  • Till thou hast deck’t them in thy best aray;
  • That so they may without suspect or fears
  • Fly swiftly to this fair Assembly’s ears;
  • Yet I had rather if I were to chuse,
  • Thy service in some graver subject use,originalEd: 30
  • Such as may make thee search thy coffers round,
  • Before thou cloath my fancy in fit sound:
  • Such where the deep transported mind may soare
  • Above the wheeling poles, and at Heav’ns dore
  • Edition: current; Page: [(80)]
  • Look in, and see each blissful Deitie
  • How he before the thunderous throne doth lie,
  • Listening to what unshorn Apollo sings
  • To th’touch of golden wires, while Hebe brings
  • Immortal Nectar to her Kingly Sire:
  • Then passing through the Spherse of watchful fire,originalEd: 40
  • And mistie Regions of wide air next under,
  • And hills of Snow and lofts of piled Thunder,
  • May tell at length how green-ey’d Neptune raves,
  • In Heav’ns defiance mustering all his waves;
  • Then sing of secret things that came to pass
  • When Beldam Nature in her cradle was;
  • And last of Kings and Queens and Hero’s old,
  • Such as the wise Demodocus once told
  • In solemn Songs at King Alcinous feast,
  • While sad Ulisses soul and all the restoriginalEd: 50
  • Are held with his melodious harmonie
  • In willing chains and sweet captivitie.
  • But fie my wandring Muse how thou dost stray!
  • Expectance calls thee now another way,
  • Thou know’st it must be now thy only bent
  • To keep in compass of thy Predicament:
  • Then quick about thy purpos’d business come,
  • That to the next I may resign my Roome.

Then Ens is represented as Father of the Prædicaments his ten Sons, whereof the Eldest stood for Substance with his Canons, which Ens thus speaking, explains.

Ens
  • Good luck befriend thee Son; for at thy birth
  • The Faiery Ladies daunc’t upon the hearth;originalEd: 60
  • Thy drowsie Nurse hath sworn she did them spie
  • Come tripping to the Room where thou didst lie;
  • And sweetly singing round about thy Bed
  • Strew all their blessings on thy sleeping Head.
  • She heard them give thee this, that thou should’st still
  • From eyes of mortals walk invisible,
  • Yet there is something that doth force my fear,
  • For once it was my dismal hap to hear
  • A Sybil old, bow-bent with crooked age,
  • That far events full wisely could presage,originalEd: 70
  • Edition: current; Page: [(81)]
  • And in Times long and dark Prospective Glass
  • Fore-saw what future dayes should bring to pass,
  • Your Son, said she, (nor can you it prevent)
  • Shall subject be to many an Accident.
  • O’re all his Brethren he shall Reign as King,
  • Yet every one shall make him underling,
  • And those that cannot live from him asunder
  • Ungratefully shall strive to keep him under,
  • In worth and excellence he shall out-go them,
  • Yet being above them, he shall be below them;originalEd: 80
  • From others he shall stand in need of nothing,
  • Yet on his Brothers shall depend for Cloathing.
  • To find a Foe it shall not be his hap,
  • And peace shall lull him in her flowry lap;
  • Yet shall he live in strife, and at his dore
  • Devouring war shall never cease to roare;
  • Yea it shall be his natural property
  • To harbour those that are at enmity.
  • What power, what force, what mighty spell, if not
  • Your learned hands, can loose this Gordian knot?originalEd: 90

The next Quantity and Quality, spake in Prose, then Relation was call’d by his Name.

  • Rivers arise; whether thou be the Son,
  • Of utmost Tweed, or Oose, or gulphie Dun,
  • Or Trent, who like some earth-born Giant spreads
  • His thirty Armes along the indented Meads,
  • Or sullen Mole that runneth underneath,
  • Or Severn swift, guilty of Maidens death,
  • Or Rockie Avon, or of Sedgie Lee,
  • Or Coaly Tine, or antient hallowed Dee,
  • Or Humber loud that keeps the Scythians Name,
  • Or Medway smooth, or Royal Towred Thame.originalEd: 100

The rest was Prose.

Edition: current; Page: [(82)]

The Fifth Ode of Horace. Lib. I.

Quis multa gracilis te puer in Rosa, Rendred almost word for word without Rhyme according to the Latin Measure, as near as the Language will permit.

  • What slender Youth bedew’d with liquid odours
  • Courts thee on Roses in some pleasant Cave,
  • Pyrrha for whom bind’st thou
  • In wreaths thy golden Hair,
  • Plain in thy neatness; O how oft shall he
  • On Faith and changed Gods complain: and Seas
  • Rough with black winds and storms
  • Unwonted shall admire:
  • Who now enjoyes thee credulous, all Gold,
  • Who alwayes vacant, alwayes amiableoriginalEd: 10
  • Hopes thee; of flattering gales
  • Unmindfull. Hapless they
  • To whom thou untry’d seem’st fair. Me in my vow’d
  • Picture the sacred wall declares t’ have hung
  • My dank and dropping weeds
  • To the stern God of Sea.

[The Latin text follows.]

SONNETS.

  • XI
  • A Book was writ of late call’d Tetrachordon;
  • And wov’n close, both matter, form and stile;
  • The Subject new: it walk’d the Town a while,
  • Numbring good intellects; now seldom por’d on.
  • Cries the stall-reader, bless us! what a word on
  • A title page is this! and some in file
  • Stand spelling fals, while one might walk to Mile-
  • End Green. Why is it harder Sirs then Gordon,
  • Colkitto, or Macdonnel, or Galasp?
  • Those rugged names to our like mouths grow sleekoriginalEd: 10
  • That would have made Quintilian stare and gasp.
  • Thy age, like ours, O Soul of Sir John Cheek,
  • Hated not Learning wors then Toad or Asp;
  • When thou taught’ st Cambridge, and King Edward Greek.

xi. Camb. Autograph supplies title, On the Detraction which followed upon my writing certain Treatises.

Edition: current; Page: [(83)]

XII.: On the same.

  • I did but prompt the age to quit their cloggs
  • By the known rules of antient libertie,
  • When strait a barbarous noise environs me
  • Of Owles and Cuckoes, Asses, Apes and Doggs.
  • As when those Hinds that were transform’d to Froggs
  • Raild at Latona’s twin-born progenie
  • Which after held the Sun and Moon in fee.
  • But this is got by casting Pearl to Hoggs;
  • That bawle for freedom in their senceless mood,
  • And still revolt when truth would set them free.originalEd: 10
  • Licence they mean when they cry libertie;
  • For who loves that, must first be wise and good;
  • But from that mark how far they roave we see
  • For all this wast of wealth, and loss of blood.

To Mr. H. Lawes, on his Aires.

  • XIII
  • Harry whose tuneful and well measur’d Song
  • First taught our English Musick how to span
  • Words with just note and accent, not to scan
  • With Midas Ears, committing short and long;
  • Thy worth and skill exempts thee from the throng,
  • With praise enough for Envy to look wan;
  • To after age thou shalt be writ the man,
  • That with smooth aire couldst humor best our tongue.
  • Thou honour’st Verse, and Verse must send her wing
  • To honour thee, the Priest of Phœbus QuireoriginalEd: 10
  • That tun’st their happiest lines in Hymn, or Story.
  • Dante shall give Fame leave to set thee higher
  • Then his Casella, whom he woo’d to sing
  • Met in the milder shades of Purgatory.
Edition: current; Page: [(84)]
  • XIV
  • When Faith and Love which parted from thee never,
  • Had ripen’d thy just soul to dwell with God,
  • Meekly thou didst resign this earthy load
  • Of Death, call’d Life; which us from Life doth sever.
  • Thy Works and Alms and all thy good Endeavour
  • Staid not behind, nor in the grave were trod;
  • But as Faith pointed with her golden rod,
  • Follow’d thee up to joy and bliss for ever.
  • Love led them on, and Faith who knew them best
  • Thy hand-maids, clad them o’re with purple beamsoriginalEd: 10
  • And azure wings, that up they flew so drest,
  • And speak the truth of thee on glorious Theams
  • Before the Judge, who thenceforth bid thee rest
  • And drink thy fill of pure immortal streams.

On the late Massacher in Piemont.

  • XV
  • Avenge O Lord thy slaughter’d Saints, whose bones
  • Lie scatter’d on the Alpine mountains cold,
  • Ev’n them who kept thy truth so pure of old
  • When all our Fathers worship’t Stocks and Stones,
  • Forget not: in thy book record their groanes
  • Who were thy Sheep and in their antient Fold
  • Slayn by the bloody Piemontese that roll’d
  • Mother with Infant down the Rocks. Their moans
  • The Vales redoubl’d to the Hills, and they
  • To Heav’n. Their martyr’d blood and ashes soworiginalEd: 10
  • O’re all th’Italian fields where still doth sway
  • The triple Tyrant: that from these may grow
  • A hunder’d-fold, who having learnt thy way
  • Early may fly the Babylonian wo.

xiv. Camb. Autograph supplies title, On the Religious Memory of Mrs. Catherine Thomson, my Christian Friend, deceased 16 Decemb. 1646.

Edition: current; Page: [(85)]
  • XVI
  • When I consider how my light is spent,
  • E’re half my days, in this dark world and wide,
  • And that one Talent which is death to hide,
  • Lodg’d with me useless, though my Soul more bent
  • To serve therewith my Maker, and present
  • My true account, least he returning chide,
  • Doth God exact day-labour, light deny’d,
  • I fondly ask; But patience to prevent
  • That murmur, soon replies, God doth not need
  • Either man’s work or his own gifts, who bestoriginalEd: 10
  • Bear his milde yoak, they serve him best, his State
  • Is Kingly. Thousands at his bidding speed
  • And post o’re Land and Ocean without rest:
  • They also serve who only stand and waite.
  • XVII
  • Lawrence of vertuous Father vertuous Son,
  • Now that the Fields are dank, and ways are mire,
  • Where shall we sometimes meet, and by the fire
  • Help wast a sullen day; what may be won
  • From the hard Season gaining: time will run
  • On smoother, till Favonius re-inspire
  • The frozen earth; and cloth in fresh attire
  • The Lillie and Rose, that neither sow’d nor spun.
  • What neat repast shall feast us, light and choice,
  • Of Attick tast, with Wine, whence we may riseoriginalEd: 10
  • To hear the Lute well toucht, or artfull voice
  • Warble immortal Notes and Tuskan Ayre?
  • He who of those delights can judge, and spare
  • To interpose them oft, is not unwise.
  • XVIII
  • Cyriack, whose Grandsire on the Royal Bench
  • Of Brittish Themis, with no mean applause
  • Pronounc’t and in his volumes taught our Lawes,
  • Which others at their Barr so often wrench:
  • To day deep thoughts resolve with me to drench
  • In mirth, that after no repenting drawes;
  • Let Euclid rest and Archimedes pause,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(86)]
  • And what the Swede intend, and what the French.
  • To measure life, learn thou betimes, and know
  • Toward solid good what leads the nearest way;originalEd: 10
  • For other things mild Heav’n a time ordains,
  • And disapproves that care, though wise in show,
  • That with superfluous burden loads the day,
  • And when God sends a cheerful hour, refrains.
  • XIX
  • Methought I saw my late espoused Saint
  • Brought to me like Alcestis from the grave,
  • Whom Joves great Son to her glad Husband gave,
  • Rescu’d from death by force though pale and faint.
  • Mine as whom washt from spot of child-bed taint,
  • Purification in the old Law did save,
  • And such, as yet once more I trust to have
  • Full sight of her in Heaven without restraint,
  • Came vested all in white, pure as her mind:
  • Her face was vail’d, yet to my fancied sight,originalEd: 10
  • Love, sweetness, goodness, in her person shin’d
  • So clear, as in no face with more delight.
  • But O as to embrace me she enclin’d
  • I wak’d, she fled, and day brought back my night.

On the new forcers of Conscience under the Long PARLIAMENT.

  • Because you have thrown of your Prelate Lord,
  • And with stiff Vowes renounc’d his Liturgie
  • To seise the widdow’d whore Pluralitie
  • From them whose sin ye envi’d, not abhor’d,
  • Dare ye for this adjure the Civill Sword
  • To force our Consciences that Christ set free,
  • And ride us with a classic Hierarchy
  • Taught ye by meer A. S. and Rotherford?
  • Men whose Life, Learning, Faith and pure intent
  • Would have been held in high esteem with PauloriginalEd: 10
  • Must now be nam’d and printed Hereticks
  • By shallow Edwards and Scotch what d’ye call:
  • But we do hope to find out all your tricks,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(87)]
  • Your plots and packing wors then those of Trent,
  • That so the Parliament
  • May with their wholsom and preventive Shears
  • Clip your Phylacteries, though bauk your Ears,
  • And succour our just Fears
  • When they shall read this clearly in your charge
  • New Presbyter is but Old Priest writ Large.originalEd: 20

The four following sonnets were not published until 1694, and then in a mangled form by Phillips in his Life of Milton; they are here printed from the Cambridge MS., where that to Fairfax is in Milton’s autograph.

On the Lord Gen. Fairfax at the seige of Colchester.

  • Fairfax, whose name in armes through Europe rings
  • Filling each mouth with envy, or with praise,
  • And all her jealous monarchs with amaze,
  • And rumors loud, that daunt remotest kings,
  • Thy firm unshak’n vertue ever brings
  • Victory home, though new rebellions raise
  • Thir Hydra heads, & the fals North displaies
  • Her brok’n league, to impe their serpent wings,
  • O yet a nobler task awaites thy hand;
  • For what can Warr, but endless warr still breed,originalEd: 10
  • Till Truth, & Right from Violence be freed,
  • And Public Faith cleard from the shamefull brand
  • Of Public Fraud. In vain doth Valour bleed
  • While Avarice, & Rapine share the land.
Edition: current; Page: [(88)]

To the Lord Generall Cromwell May 1652.

On the proposalls of certaine ministers at the Committee for Propagation of the Gospell.

  • Cromwell, our cheif of men, who through a cloud
  • Not of warr onely, but detractions rude,
  • Guided by faith & matchless Fortitude
  • To peace & truth thy glorious way hast plough’d,
  • And on the neck of crowned Fortune proud
  • Hast reard Gods Trophies, & his work pursu’d,
  • While Darwen stream with blood of Scotts imbru’d,
  • And Dunbarr field resounds thy praises loud,
  • And Worsters laureat wreath; yet much remaines
  • To conquer still; peace hath her victoriesoriginalEd: 10
  • No less renownd then warr, new foes aries
  • Threatning to bind our soules with secular chaines:
  • Helpe us to save free Conscience from the paw
  • Of hireling wolves whose Gospell is their maw.

To Sr Henry Vane the younger.

  • Vane, young in yeares, but in sage counsell old,
  • Then whome a better Senatour nere held
  • The helme of Rome, when gownes not armes repelld
  • The feirce Epeirot & the African bold,
  • Whether to settle peace, or to unfold
  • The drift of hollow states, hard to be spelld,
  • Then to advise how warr may best, upheld,
  • Move by her two maine nerves, Iron & Gold
  • In all her equipage; besides to know
  • Both spirituall powre & civill, what each meanesoriginalEd: 10
  • What severs each thou ’hast learnt, which few have don.
  • The bounds of either sword to thee wee ow.
  • Therfore on thy firme hand religion leanes
  • In peace, & reck’ns thee her eldest son.
Edition: current; Page: [(89)]

To Mr. Cyriack Skinner upon his Blindness.

  • Cyriack, this three years day these eys, though clear
  • To outward view, of blemish or of spot;
  • Bereft of light thir seeing have forgot,
  • Nor to thir idle orbs doth sight appear
  • Of Sun or Moon or Starre throughout the year,
  • Or man or woman. Yet I argue not
  • Against heavns hand or will, nor bate a jot
  • Of heart or hope; but still bear vp and steer
  • Right onward. What supports me, dost thou ask?
  • The conscience, Friend, to have lost them overply’doriginalEd: 10
  • In libertyes defence, my noble task,
  • Of which all Europe talks from side to side.
  • This thought might lead me through the world’s vain mask
  • Content though blind, had I no better guide.

PSAL. I. Done into Verse, 1653.

  • Bless’d is the man who hath not walk’d astray
  • In counsel of the wicked, and ith’way
  • Of sinners hath not stood, and in the seat
  • Of scorners hath not sate. But in the great
  • Jehovahs Law is ever his delight,
  • And in his Law he studies day and night.
  • He shall be as a tree which planted grows
  • By watry streams, and in his season knows
  • To yield his fruit, and his leaf shall not fall,
  • And what he takes in hand shall prosper all.originalEd: 10
  • Not so the wicked, but as chaff which fann’d
  • The wind drives, so the wicked shall not stand
  • In judgment, or abide their tryal then,
  • Nor sinners in th’assembly of just men.
  • For the Lord knows th’upright way of the just,
  • And the way of bad men to ruine must.
Edition: current; Page: [(90)]

PSAL. II. Done Aug. 8. 1653. Terzetti.

  • Why do the Gentiles tumult, and the Nations
  • Muse a vain thing, the Kings of th’earth upstand
  • With power, and Princes in their Congregations
  • Lay deep their plots together through each Land,
  • Against the Lord and his Messiah dear.
  • Let us break off, say they, by strength of hand
  • Their bonds, and cast from us, no more to wear,
  • Their twisted cords: he who in Heaven doth dwell
  • Shall laugh, the Lord shall scoff them, then severe
  • Speak to them in his wrath, and in his felloriginalEd: 10
  • And fierce ire trouble them; but I saith hee
  • Anointed have my King (though ye rebell)
  • On Sion my holi’ hill. A firm decree
  • I will declare; the Lord to me hath say’d
  • Thou art my Son I have begotten thee
  • This day; ask of me, and the grant is made;
  • As thy possession I on thee bestow
  • Th’Heathen, and as thy conquest to be sway’d
  • Earths utmost bounds: them shalt thou bring full low
  • With Iron Scepter bruis’d, and them disperseoriginalEd: 20
  • Like to a potters vessel shiver’d so.
  • And now be wise at length ye Kings averse
  • Be taught ye Judges of the earth; with fear
  • Jehovah serve, and let your joy converse
  • With trembling; kiss the Son least he appear
  • In anger and ye perish in the way
  • If once his wrath take fire like fuel sere.
  • Happy all those who have in him their stay.

PSAL. III. Aug. 9. 1653.
When he fled from Absalom.

  • Lord how many are my foes
  • How many those
  • That in arms against me rise
  • Many are they
  • Edition: current; Page: [(91)]
  • That of my life distrustfully thus say,
  • No help for him in God there lies.
  • But thou Lord art my shield my glory,
  • Thee through my story
  • Th’ exalter of my head I count
  • Aloud I cry’doriginalEd: 10
  • Unto Jehovah, he full soon reply’d
  • And heard me from his holy mount.
  • I lay and slept, I wak’d again,
  • For my sustain
  • Was the Lord. Of many millions
  • The populous rout
  • I fear not though incamping round about
  • They pitch against me their Pavillions.
  • Rise Lord, save me my God for thou
  • Hast smote ere noworiginalEd: 20
  • On the cheek-bone all my foes,
  • Of men abhor’d
  • Hast broke the teeth. This help was from the Lord;
  • Thy blessing on thy people flows.

PSAL. IV. Aug. 10. 1653.

  • Answer me when I call
  • God of my righteousness;
  • In straights and in distress
  • Thou didst me disinthrall
  • And set at large; now spare,
  • Now pity me, and hear my earnest prai’r.
  • Great ones how long will ye
  • My glory have in scorn
  • How long be thus forborn
  • Still to love vanity,originalEd: 10
  • To love, to seek, to prize
  • Things false and vain and nothing else but lies?
  • Yet know the Lord hath chose
  • Chose to himself a part
  • The good and meek of heart
  • (For whom to chuse he knows)
  • Jehovah from on high
  • Will hear my voyce what time to him I crie.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(92)]
  • Be aw’d, and do not sin,
  • Speak to your hearts alone,originalEd: 20
  • Upon your beds, each one,
  • And be at peace within.
  • Offer the offerings just
  • Of righteousness and in Jehovah trust.
  • Many there be that say
  • Who yet will shew us good?
  • Talking like this worlds brood;
  • But Lord, thus let me pray,
  • On us lift up the light
  • Lift up the favour of thy count’nance bright.originalEd: 30
  • Into my heart more joy
  • And gladness thou hast put
  • Then when a year of glut
  • Their stores doth over-cloy
  • And from their plenteous grounds
  • With vast increase their corn and wine abounds.
  • In peace at once will I
  • Both lay me down and sleep
  • For thou alone dost keep
  • Me safe where ere I lieoriginalEd: 40
  • As in a rocky Cell
  • Thou Lord alone in safety mak’st me dwell.

PSAL. V. Aug. 12. 1653.

  • Jehovah to my words give ear
  • My meditation waigh
  • The voyce of my complaining hear
  • My King and God for unto thee I pray.
  • Jehovah thou my early voyce
  • Shalt in the morning hear
  • Ith’morning I to thee with choyce
  • Will rank my Prayers, and watch till thou appear.
  • For thou art not a God that takes
  • In wickedness delightoriginalEd: 10
  • Evil with thee no biding makes
  • Fools or mad men stand not within thy sight.
  • All workers of iniquity
  • Edition: current; Page: [(93)]
  • Thou hat’st; and them unblest
  • Thou wilt destroy that speak a ly
  • The bloodi’ and guileful man God doth detest.
  • But I will in thy mercies dear
  • Thy numerous mercies go
  • Into thy house; I in thy fear
  • Will towards thy holy temple worship low.originalEd: 20
  • Lord lead me in thy righteousness
  • Lead me because of those
  • That do observe if I transgress,
  • Set thy wayes right before, where my step goes.
  • For in his faltring mouth unstable
  • No word is firm or sooth
  • Their inside, troubles miserable;
  • An open grave their throat, their tongue they smooth.
  • God, find them guilty, let them fall
  • By their own counsels quell’d;originalEd: 30
  • Push them in their rebellions all
  • Still on; for against thee they have rebell’d;
  • Then all who trust in thee shall bring
  • Their joy, while thou from blame
  • Defend’st them, they shall ever sing
  • And shall triumph in thee, who love thy name.
  • For thou Jehovah wilt be found
  • To bless the just man still,
  • As with a shield thou wilt surround
  • Him with thy lasting favour and good will.originalEd: 40

PSAL. VI. Aug. 13. 1653.

  • Lord in thine anger do not reprehend me
  • Nor in thy hot displeasure me correct;
  • Pity me Lord for I am much deject
  • Am very weak and faint; heal and amend me,
  • For all my bones, that even with anguish ake,
  • Are troubled, yea my soul is troubled sore;
  • And thou O Lord how long? turn Lord, restore
  • My soul, O save me for thy goodness sake
  • For in death no remembrance is of thee;
  • Who in the grave can celebrate thy praise?originalEd: 10
  • Wearied I am with sighing out my dayes,
  • Nightly my Couch I make a kind of Sea;
  • Edition: current; Page: [(94)]
  • My Bed I water with my tears; mine Eie
  • Through grief consumes, is waxen old and dark
  • Ith’ mid’st of all mine enemies that mark.
  • Depart all ye that work iniquitie.
  • Depart from me, for the voice of my weeping
  • The Lord hath heard, the Lord hath heard my prai’r
  • My supplication with acceptance fair
  • The Lord will own, and have me in his keeping.originalEd: 20
  • Mine enemies shall all be blank and dash’t
  • With much confusion; then grow red with shame,
  • They shall return in hast the way they came
  • And in a moment shall be quite abash’t.

PSAL. VII. Aug. 14. 1653. Upon the words of Chush the Benjamite against him.

    • Lord my God to thee I flie
    • Save me and secure me under
    • Thy protection while I crie
    • Least as a Lion (and no wonder)
    • He hast to tear my Soul asunder
    • Tearing and no rescue nigh.
    • Lord my God if I have thought
    • Or done this, if wickedness
    • Be in my hands, if I have wrought
    • Ill to him that meant me peace,originalEd: 10
    • Or to him have render’d less,
    • And not fre’d my foe for naught;
    • Let th’enemy pursue my soul
    • And overtake it, let him tread
    • My life down to the earth and roul
    • In the dust my glory dead,
    • In the dust and there out spread
    • Lodge it with dishonour foul.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(95)]
    • Rise Jehovah in thine ire
    • Rouze thy self amidst the rageoriginalEd: 20
    • Of my foes that urge like fire;
    • And wake for me, their furi’ asswage;
    • Judgment here thou didst ingage
    • And command which I desire.
    • So th’ assemblies of each Nation
    • Will surround thee, seeking right,
    • Thence to thy glorious habitation
    • Return on high and in their sight.
    • Jehovah judgeth most upright
    • All people from the worlds foundation.originalEd: 30
    • Judge me Lord, be judge in this
    • According to my righteousness
    • And the innocence which is
    • Upon me: cause at length to cease
    • Of evil men the wickedness
    • And their power that do amiss.
    • But the just establish fast,
    • Since thou art the just God that tries
    • Hearts and reins. On God is cast
    • My defence, and in him liesoriginalEd: 40
    • In him who both just and wise
    • Saves th’ upright of Heart at last,
    • God is a just Judge and severe,
    • And God is every day offended;
    • If th’ unjust will not forbear,
    • His Sword he whets, his Bow hath bended
    • Already, and for him intended
    • The tools of death, that waits him near.
    • (His arrows purposely made he
    • For them that persecute.) BeholdoriginalEd: 50
    • He travels big with vanitie,
    • Trouble he hath conceav’d of old
    • As in a womb, and from that mould
    • Hath at length brought forth a Lie,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(96)]
    • He dig’d a pit, and delv’d it deep,
    • And fell into the pit he made,
    • His mischief that due course doth keep,
    • Turns on his head, and his ill trade
    • Of violence will undelay’d
    • Fall on his crown with ruine steep.originalEd: 60
    • Then will I Jehovah’s praise
    • According to his justice raise
    • And sing the Name and Deitie
    • Of Jehovah the most high.

PSAL. VIII. Aug. 14. 1653.

    • O Jehovah our Lord how wondrous great
    • And glorious is thy name through all the earth?
    • So as above the Heavens thy praise to set
    • Out of the tender mouths of latest bearth,
    • Out of the mouths of babes and sucklings thou
    • Hast founded strength because of all thy foes
    • To stint th’enemy, and slack th’avengers brow
    • That bends his rage thy providence to oppose.
    • When I behold thy Heavens, thy Fingers art,
    • The Moon and Starrs which thou so bright hast set,originalEd: 10
    • In the pure firmament, then saith my heart,
    • O what is man that thou remembrest yet,
    • And think’st upon him; or of man begot
    • That him thou visit’st and of him art found;
    • Scarce to be less then Gods, thou mad’st his lot,
    • With honour and with state thou hast him crown’d.
    • O’re the works of thy hand thou mad’st him Lord,
    • Thou hast put all under his lordly feet,
    • All Flocks, and Herds, by thy commanding word,
    • All beasts that in the field or forrest meet.originalEd: 20
    • Fowl of the Heavens, and Fish that through the wet
    • Sea-paths in shoals do slide. And know no dearth
    • O Jehovah our Lord bow wondrous great
    • And glorious is thy name through all the earth.
Edition: current; Page: [(97)]

April, 1648. J. M. Nine of the Psalms done into Metre, wherein all but what is in a different Character, are the very words of the Text, translated from the Original.

PSAL. LXXX.

  • 1 Thou Shepherd that dost Israel keep
  • Give ear in time of need,
  • Who leadest like a flock of sheep
  • Thy loved Josephs seed,
  • That sitt’st between the Cherubs bright
  • Between their wings out-spread
  • Shine forth, and from thy cloud give light,
  • And on our foes thy dread.
  • 2 In Ephraims view and Benjamins,
  • And in Manasse’s sightoriginalEd: 10
  • Awake* thy strength, come, and be seen
  • To save us by thy might.
  • 3 Turn us again, thy grace divine
  • To us O God vouchsafe;
  • Cause thou thy face on us to shine
  • And then we shall be safe.
  • 4 Lord God of Hosts, how long wilt thou,
  • How long wilt thou declare
  • Thy *smoaking wrath, and angry brow
  • Against thy peoples praire.originalEd: 20
  • 5 Thou feed’st them with the bread of tears,
  • Their bread with tears they eat,
  • And mak’st them* largely drink the tears
  • Wherwith their cheeks are wet.
  • 6 A strife thou mak’st us and a prey
  • To every neighbour foe,
  • Among themselves they *laugh, they *play,
  • And *flouts at us they throw.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(98)]
  • 7 Return us, and thy grace divine,
  • O God of Hosts vouchsafeoriginalEd: 30
  • Cause thou thy face on us to shine,
  • And then we shall be safe.
  • 8 A Vine from Ægypt thou hast brought,
  • Thy free love made it thine,
  • And drov’st out Nations proud and haut
  • To plant this lovely Vine.
  • 9 Thou did’st prepare for it a place
  • And root it deep and fast
  • That it began to grow apace,
  • And fill’d the land at last.originalEd: 40
  • 10 With her green shade that cover’d all,
  • The Hills were over-spread
  • Her Bows as high as Cedars tall
  • Advanc d their lofty head.
  • 11 Her branches on the western side
  • Down to the Sea she sent,
  • And upward to that river wide
  • Her other branches went.
  • 12 Why hast thou laid her Hedges low
  • And brok’n down her Fence,originalEd: 50
  • That all may pluck her, as they go,
  • With rudest violence?
  • 13 The tusked Boar out of the wood
  • Up turns it by the roots,
  • Wild Beasts there brouze, and make their food
  • Her Grapes and tender Shoots.
  • 14 Return now, God of Hosts, look down
  • From Heav’n, thy Seat divine,
  • Behold us, but without a frown,
  • And visit this thy Vine.originalEd: 60
  • 15 Visit this Vine, which thy right hand
  • Hath set, and planted long,
  • And the young branch, that for thy self
  • Thou hast made firm and strong.
  • 16 But now it is consum’d with fire,
  • And cut with Axes down,
  • They perish at thy dreadfull ire,
  • At thy rebuke and frown.
  • 17 Upon the man of thy right hand
  • Let thy good hand be laid,originalEd: 70
  • Edition: current; Page: [(99)]
  • Upon the Son of Man, whom thou
  • Strong for thyself hast made.
  • 18 So shall we not go back from thee
  • To wayes of sin and shame,
  • Quick’n us thou, then gladly wee
  • Shall call upon thy Name.
  • Return us, and thy grace divine
  • Lord God of Hosts voutsafe,
  • Cause thou thy face on us to shine,
  • And then we shall be safe.originalEd: 80

PSAL. LXXXI.

  • 1 To God our strength sing loud, and clear,
  • Sing loud to God our King,
  • To Jacobs God, that all may hear
  • Loud acclamations ring.
  • 2 Prepare a Hymn, prepare a Song
  • The Timbrel hither bring
  • The cheerfull Psaltry bring along
  • And Harp with pleasant string.
  • 3 Blow, as is wont, in the new Moon
  • With Trumpets lofty sound,originalEd: 10
  • Th’ appointed time, the day wheron
  • Our solemn Feast comes round.
  • 4 This was a Statute giv’n of old
  • For Israel to observe
  • A Law of Jacobs God, to hold
  • From whence they might not swerve.
  • 5 This he a Testimony ordain’d
  • In Joseph, not to change,
  • When as he pass’d through Ægypt land;
  • The Tongue I heard, was strange.originalEd: 20
  • 6 From burden, and from slavish toyle
  • I set his shoulder free;
  • His hands from pots, and mirie soyle
  • Deliver’d were by me.
  • 7 When trouble did thee sore assaile,
  • On me then didst thou call,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(100)]
  • And I to free thee did not faile,
  • And led thee out of thrall.
  • I answer’d thee in *thunder deep
  • With clouds encompass’d round;originalEd: 30
  • I tri’d thee at the water steep
  • Of Meriba renown’d.
  • 8 Hear O my people, heark’n well,
  • I testifie to thee
  • Thou antient flock of Israel,
  • If thou wilt list to mee,
  • 9 Through out the land of thy abode
  • No alien God shall be
  • Nor shalt thou to a forein God
  • In honour bend thy knee.originalEd: 40
  • 10 I am the Lord thy God which brought
  • Thee out of Ægypt land
  • Ask large enough, and I, besought,
  • Will grant thy full demand.
  • 11 And yet my people would not hear,
  • Nor hearken to my voice;
  • And Israel whom I lov’d so dear
  • Mislik’d me for his choice.
  • 12 Then did I leave them to their will
  • And to their wandring mind;originalEd: 50
  • Their own conceits they follow’d still
  • Their own devises blind.
  • 13 O that my people would be wise
  • To serve me all their daies,
  • And O that Israel would advise
  • To walk my righteous waies.
  • 14 Then would I soon bring down their foes
  • That now so proudly rise,
  • And turn my hand against all those
  • That are their enemies.originalEd: 60
  • 15 Who hate the Lord should then be fain
  • To bow to him and bend,
  • But they, His people, should remain,
  • Their time should have no end.
  • 16 And he would feed them from the shock
  • With flower of finest wheat,
  • And satisfie them from the rock
  • With Honey for their Meat.
Edition: current; Page: [(101)]

PSAL. LXXXII.

  • 1 God in the *great * assembly stands
  • Of Kings and lordly States,
  • Among the gods on both his hands
  • He judges and debates.
  • 2 How long will ye *pervert the right
  • With * judgment false and wrong
  • Favouring the wicked by your might,
  • Who thence grow bold and strong?
  • 3 *Regard the * weak and fatherless
  • *Dispatch the * poor mans cause,originalEd: 10
  • And raise the man in deep distress
  • By just and equal Lawes.
  • 4 Defend the poor and desolate,
  • And rescue from the hands
  • Of wicked men the low estate
  • Of him that help demands.
  • 5 They know not nor will understand,
  • In darkness they walk on,
  • The Earths foundations all are *mov’d
  • And * out of order gon.originalEd: 20
  • 6 I said that ye were Gods, yea all
  • The Sons of God most high
  • 7 But ye shall die like men, and fall
  • As other Princes die.
  • 8 Rise God, *judge thou the earth in might,
  • This wicked earth * redress,
  • For thou art he who shalt by right
  • The Nations all possess.

PSAL. LXXXIII.

  • 1 Be not thou silent now at length
  • O God hold not thy peace,
  • Sit not thou still O God of strength
  • We cry and do not cease.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(102)]
  • 2 For lo thy furious foes now * swell
  • And storm outrageously,
  • And they that hate thee proud and fell
  • Exalt their heads full hie.
  • 3 Against thy people they contrive
  • Their Plots and Counsels deep,originalEd: 10
  • *Them to ensnare they chiefly strive
  • *Whom thou dost hide and keep.
  • 4 Come let us cut them off say they,
  • Till they no Nation be
  • That Israels name for ever may
  • Be lost in memory.
  • 5 For they consult with all their might,
  • And all as one in mind
  • Themselves against thee they unite
  • And in firm union bind.originalEd: 20
  • 6 The tents of Edom, and the brood
  • Of scornful Ishmael,
  • Moab, with them of Hagars blood
  • That in the Desart dwell,
  • 7 Gebal and Ammon there conspire,
  • And hateful Amalec,
  • The Philistims, and they of Tyre
  • Whose bounds the Sea doth check.
  • 8 With them great Asshur also bands
  • And doth confirm the knot,originalEd: 30
  • All these have lent their armed hands
  • To aid the Sons of Lot.
  • 9 Do to them as to Midian bold
  • That wasted all the Coast.
  • To Sisera, and as is told
  • Thou didst to Jabins hoast,
  • When at the brook of Kishon old
  • They were repulst and slain,
  • 10 At Endor quite cut off, and rowl’d
  • As dung upon the plain.originalEd: 40
  • 11 As Zeb and Oreb evil sped
  • So let their Princes speed
  • As Zeba, and Zalmunna bled
  • So let their Princes bleed.
  • 12 For they amidst their pride have said
  • By right now shall we seize
  • Edition: current; Page: [(103)]
  • Gods houses, and will now invade
  • Their stately Palaces.
  • 13 My God, oh make them as a wheel
  • No quiet let them find,originalEd: 50
  • Giddy and restless let them reel
  • Like stubble from the wind.
  • 14 As when an aged wood takes fire
  • Which on a sudden straies,
  • The greedy flame runs hier and hier
  • Till all the mountains blaze,
  • 15 So with thy whirlwind them pursue,
  • And with thy tempest chase;
  • 16 *And till they *yield thee honour due,
  • Lord fill with shame their face.
  • 17 Asham’d and troubl’d let them be,originalEd: 61
  • Troubl’d and sham’d for ever,
  • Ever confounded, and so die
  • With shame, and scape it never.
  • 18 Then shall they know that thou whose name
  • Jehova is alone,
  • Art the most high, and thou the same
  • O’re all the earth art one.

PSAL. LXXXIV.

  • 1 How lovely are thy dwellings fair!
  • O Lord of Hoasts, how dear
  • The pleasant Tabernacles are!
  • Where thou do’st dwell so near.
  • 2 My Soul doth long and almost die
  • Thy Courts O Lord to see,
  • My heart and flesh aloud do crie,
  • O living God, for thee.
  • 3 There ev’n the Sparrow freed from wrong
  • Hath found a house of rest,originalEd: 10
  • The Swallow there, to lay her young
  • Hath built her brooding nest,
  • Ev’n by thy Altars Lord of Hoasts
  • They find their safe abode,
  • And home they fly from round the Coasts
  • Toward thee, My King, my God.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(104)]
  • 4 Happy, who in thy house reside
  • Where thee they ever praise,
  • 5 Happy, whose strength in thee doth bide,
  • And in their hearts thy waies.originalEd: 20
  • 6 They pass through Baca’s thirstie Vale,
  • That dry and barren ground
  • As through a fruitfull watry Dale
  • Where Springs and Showrs abound.
  • 7 They journey on from strength to strength
  • With joy and gladsom cheer
  • Till all before our God at length
  • In Sion do appear.
  • 8 Lord God of Hoasts hear now my praier
  • O Jacobs God give ear,originalEd: 30
  • 9 Thou God our shield look on the face
  • Of thy anointed dear.
  • 10 For one day in thy Courts to be
  • Is better, and more blest
  • Then in the joyes of Vanity,
  • A thousand daies at best.
  • I in the temple of my God
  • Had rather keep a dore,
  • Then dwell in Tents, and rich abode
  • With Sin for evermore.originalEd: 40
  • 11 For God the Lord both Sun and Shield
  • Gives grace and glory bright,
  • No good from them shall be with-held
  • Whose waies are just and right.
  • 12 Lord God of Hoasts that raign’st on high,
  • That man is truly blest
  • Who only on thee doth relie.
  • And in thee only rest.

PSAL. LXXXV.

  • 1 Thy Land to favour graciously
  • Thou hast not Lord been slack,
  • Thou hast from hard Captivity
  • Returned Jacob back.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(105)]
  • 2 Th’ iniquity thou didst forgive
  • That wrought thy people woe,
  • And all their Sin, that did thee grieve
  • Hast hid where none shall know.
  • 3 Thine anger all thou hadst remov’d,
  • And calmly didst returnoriginalEd: 10
  • From thy fierce wrath which we had prov’d
  • Far worse then fire to burn.
  • 4 God of our saving health and peace,
  • Turn us, and us restore,
  • Thine indignation cause to cease
  • Toward us, and chide no more.
  • 5 Wilt thou be angry without end,
  • For ever angry thus
  • Wilt thou thy frowning ire extend
  • From age to age on us?originalEd: 20
  • 6 Wilt thou not* turn, and hear our voice
  • And us again* revive,
  • That so thy people may rejoyce
  • By thee preserv’d alive.
  • 7 Cause us to see thy goodness Lord,
  • To us thy mercy shew
  • Thy saving health to us afford
  • And life in us renew.
  • 8 And now what God the Lord will speak
  • I will go strait and hear,originalEd: 30
  • For to his people he speaks peace
  • And to his Saints full dear,
  • To his dear Saints he will speak peace,
  • But let them never more
  • Return to folly, but surcease
  • To trespass as before.
  • 9 Surely to such as do him fear
  • Salvation is at hand
  • And glory shall ere long appear
  • To dwell within our Land.originalEd: 40
  • 10 Mercy and Truth that long were miss’d
  • Now joyfully are met
  • Sweet Peace and Righteousness have kiss’d
  • And hand in hand are set.
  • 11 Truth from the earth like to a flowr
  • Shall bud and blossom then,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(106)]
  • And Justice from her heavenly bowr
  • Look down on mortal men.
  • 12 The Lord will also then bestow
  • Whatever thing is goodoriginalEd: 50
  • Our Land shall forth in plenty throw
  • Her fruits to be our food.
  • 13 Before him Righteousness shall go
  • His Royal Harbinger,
  • Then* will he come, and not be slow
  • His footsteps cannot err.

PSAL. LXXXVI.

  • 1 Thy gracious ear, O Lord, encline,
  • O hear me I thee pray,
  • For I am poor, and almost pine
  • With need, and sad decay.
  • 2 Preserve my soul, for I have trod
  • Thy waies, and love the just,
  • Save thou thy servant O my God
  • Who still in thee doth trust.
  • 3 Pitty me Lord for daily thee
  • I call; 4 O make rejoyceoriginalEd: 10
  • Thy Servants Soul; for Lord to thee
  • I lift my soul and voice,
  • 5 For thou art good, thou Lord art prone
  • To pardon, thou to all
  • Art full of mercy, thou alone
  • To them that on thee call.
  • 6 Unto my supplication Lord
  • Give ear, and to the crie
  • Of my incessant praiers afford
  • Thy hearing graciously.originalEd: 20
  • 7 I in the day of my distress
  • Will call on thee for aid;
  • For thou wilt grant me free access
  • And answer, what I pray’d,
  • 8 Like thee among the gods is none
  • O Lord, nor any works
  • Edition: current; Page: [(107)]
  • Of all that other Gods have done
  • Like to thy glorious works.
  • 9 The Nations all whom thou hast made
  • Shall come, and all shall frameoriginalEd: 30
  • To bow them low before thee Lord,
  • And glorifie thy name.
  • 10 For great thou art, and wonders great
  • By thy strong hand are done,
  • Thou in thy everlasting Seat
  • Remainest God alone.
  • 11 Teach me O Lord thy way most right,
  • I in thy truth will bide,
  • To fear thy name my heart unite
  • So shall it never slide.originalEd: 40
  • 12 Thee will I praise O Lord my God
  • Thee honour, and adore
  • With my whole heart, and blaze abroad
  • Thy name for ever more.
  • 13 For great thy mercy is toward me,
  • And thou hast free’d my Soul
  • Eev’n from the lowest Hell set free
  • From deepest darkness foul.
  • 14 O God the proud against me rise
  • And violent men are metoriginalEd: 50
  • To seek my life, and in their eyes
  • No fear of thee have set.
  • 15 But thou Lord art the God most mild
  • Readiest thy grace to shew,
  • Slow to be angry, and art stil’d
  • Most mercifull, most true.
  • 16 O turn to me thy face at length,
  • And me have mercy on,
  • Unto thy servant give thy strength,
  • And save thy hand-maids Son.originalEd: 60
  • 17 Some sign of good to me afford,
  • And let my foes then see
  • And be asham’d, because thou Lord
  • Do’st help and comfort me.
Edition: current; Page: [(108)]

PSAL. LXXXVII.

  • 1 Among the holy Mountains high
  • Is his foundation fast,
  • There Seated in his Sanctuary,
  • His Temple there is plac’t.
  • 2 Sions fair Gates the Lord loves more
  • Then all the dwellings faire
  • Of Jacobs Land, though there be store,
  • And all within his care.
  • 3 City of God, most glorious things
  • Of thee abroad are spoke;originalEd: 10
  • 4 I mention Egypt, where proud Kings
  • Did our forefathers yoke,
  • I mention Babel to my friends,
  • Philistia full of scorn,
  • And Tyre with Ethiops utmost ends,
  • Lo this man there was born:
  • 5 But twise that praise shall in our ear
  • Be said of Sion last
  • This and this man was born in her,
  • High God shall fix her fast.originalEd: 20
  • 6 The Lord shall write it in a Scrowle
  • That ne’re shall be out-worn
  • When he the Nations doth enrowle
  • That this man there was born.
  • 7 Both they who sing, and they who dance
  • With sacred Songs are there,
  • In thee fresh brooks, and soft streams glance
  • And all my fountains clear.

PSAL. LXXXVIII.

  • 1 Lord God that dost me save and keep,
  • All day to thee I cry;
  • And all night long, before thee weep
  • Before thee prostrate lie.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(109)]
  • 2 Into thy presence let my praier
  • With sighs devout ascend
  • And to my cries, that ceaseless are,
  • Thine ear with favour bend.
  • 3 For cloy’d with woes and trouble store
  • Surcharg’d my Soul doth lie,originalEd: 10
  • My life at death’s uncherful dore
  • Unto the grave draws nigh.
  • 4 Reck’n’d I am with them that pass
  • Down to the dismal pit
  • I am a *man, but weak alas
  • And for that name unfit.
  • 5 From life discharg’d and parted quite
  • Among the dead to sleep,
  • And like the slain in bloody fight
  • That in the grave lie deep.originalEd: 20
  • Whom thou rememberest no more,
  • Dost never more regard,
  • Them from thy hand deliver’d o’re
  • Deaths hideous house hath barr’d.
  • 6 Thou in the lowest pit profound
  • Hast set me all forlorn,
  • Where thickest darkness hovers round,
  • In horrid deeps to mourn.
  • 7 Thy wrath from which no shelter saves
  • Full sore doth press on me;originalEd: 30
  • *Thou break’st upon me all thy waves,
  • *And all thy waves break me.
  • 8 Thou dost my friends from me estrange,
  • And mak’st me odious,
  • Me to them odious, for they change,
  • And I here pent up thus.
  • 9 Through sorrow, and affliction great
  • Mine eye grows dim and dead,
  • Lord all the day I thee entreat,
  • My hands to thee I spread.originalEd: 40
  • 10 Wilt thou do wonders on the dead,
  • Shall the deceas’d arise
  • And praise thee from their loathsom bed
  • With pale and hollow eyes?
  • 11 Shall they thy loving kindness tell
  • On whom the grave hath hold,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(110)]
  • Or they who in perdition dwell
  • Thy faithfulness unfold?
  • 12 In darkness can thy mighty hand
  • Or wondrous acts be known,originalEd: 50
  • Thy justice in the gloomy land
  • Of dark oblivion?
  • 13 But I to thee O Lord do cry
  • E’re yet my life be spent,
  • And up to thee my praier doth hie
  • Each morn, and thee prevent.
  • 14 Why wilt thou Lord my soul forsake,
  • And hide thy face from me,
  • 15 That am already bruis’d, and shake
  • With terror sent from thee;originalEd: 60
  • Bruz’d, and afflicted and so low
  • As ready to expire,
  • While I thy terrors undergo
  • Astonish’d with thine ire.
  • 16 Thy fierce wrath over me doth flow
  • Thy threatnings cut me through.
  • 17 All day they round about me go,
  • Like waves they me persue.
  • 18 Lover and friend thou hast remov’d
  • And sever’d from me far.originalEd: 70
  • They fly me now whom I have lov’d,
  • And as in darkness are.
Finis.
Edition: current; Page: [(111)]

Passages from Prose Writings.

A COLLECTION OF PASSAGES TRANSLATED IN THE PROSE WRITINGS.

[From Of Reformation in England, 1641.]

  • Ah Constantine, of how much ill was cause
  • Not thy Conversion, but those rich demains
  • That the first wealthy Pope receiv’d of thee.
  • Dante, Inf. xix. 115.
  • Founded in chast and humble Poverty,
  • ’Gainst them that rais’d thee dost thou lift thy horn,
  • Impudent whoore, where hast thou plac’d thy hope?
  • In thy Adulterers, or thy ill got wealth?
  • Another Constantine comes not in hast.
  • Petrarca, Son. 108.
  • And to be short, at last his guid him brings
  • Into a goodly valley, where he sees
  • A mighty mass of things strangely confus’d
  • Things that on earth were lost or were abus’d.
  • . . . . . .
  • Then past he to a flowry Mountain green,
  • Which once smelt sweet, now stinks as odiously;
  • This was that gift (if you the truth will have)
  • That Constantine to good Sylvestro gave.
  • Ariosto, Orl. Fur. xxxiv. 80.

[From Reason of Church Government, 1641.]

When I die, let the Earth be roul’d in flames.

Edition: current; Page: [(112)]

[From Apology for Smectymnuus, 1642.]

  • Laughing to teach the truth
  • What hinders? as some teachers give to Boys
  • Junkets and knacks, that they may learne apace.
  • Horace, Sat. 1. 24.
  • Jesting decides great things
  • Stronglier, and better oft than earnest can.
  • Ibid. i. 10. 14.
  • ’Tis you that say it, not I: you do the deeds
  • And your ungodly deeds find me the words.
  • Sophocles, Elec. 624.

[From Areopagitica, 1644.]

  • This is true Liberty, when free-born Men,
  • Having to advise the Public, may speak free,
  • Which he who can, and will, deserv’s high praise;
  • Who neither can nor will, may hold his peace,
  • What can be juster in a state then this?
  • Euripides, Supp. 438.

[From Tetrachordon, 1645.]

  • Whom do we count a good man, whom but he
  • Who keeps the laws and statutes of the Senate,
  • Who judges in great suits and controversies,
  • Whose witness and opinion wins the cause?
  • But his own house, and the whole neighbourhood
  • See his foul inside through his whited skin.
  • Horace, Ep. i. 16. 40.

[From The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates, 1649.]

  • There can be slaine
  • No sacrifice to God more acceptable
  • Than an unjust and wicked king.
  • Seneca, Herc. Fur. 922.
Edition: current; Page: [(113)]

[From History of Britain, 1670.]

  • Brutus thus addresses Diana in the country of Leogecia.
  • Goddess of Shades, and Huntress, who at will
  • Walk’st on the rowling Sphear, and through the deep,
  • On thy third Reign the Earth look now, and tell
  • What Land, what Seat of rest thou bidst me seek,
  • What certain Seat, where I may worship thee
  • For aye, with Temples vow’d, and Virgin quires.
  • To whom sleeping before the altar, Diana in a Vision that night thus answer’d.
  • Brutus far to the West, in th’ Ocean wide
  • Beyond the Realm of Gaul, a Land there lies,
  • Sea-girt it lies, where Giants dwelt of old,
  • Now void, it fits thy People; thether bend
  • Thy course, there shalt thou find a lasting seat,
  • There to thy Sons another Troy shall rise,
  • And Kings be born of thee, whose dredded might
  • Shall aw the World, and conquer Nations bold.
Edition: current; Page: [(114)] Edition: current; Page: [(115)]

Joannis Miltoni LONDINENSIS POEMATA. Quorum pleraque intra Annum ætatis Vigesimum Conscripsit.

Nunc primum Edita.

londini,

Typis R. R. Prostant ad Insignia Principis, in Cœmeterio D. Pauli, apud Humphredum Moseley. 1645.

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Hæc quæ sequuntur de Authore testimonia, tametsi ipse intelligebat non tam de se quam supra se esse dicta, eo quod præclaro ingenio viri, nec non amici ita fere solent laudare, ut omnia suis potius virtutibus, quam veritati congruentia nimis cupide affingant, noluit tamen horum egregiam in se voluntatem non esse notam; Cum alii præsertim ut id saceret magnopere suaderent. Dum enim nimiæ laudis invidiam totis ab se viribus amolitur, sibique quod plus æquo est non attributum esse mavult, judicium interim hominum cordatorum atque illustrium quin summo sibi honori ducat, negare non potest.

Joannes Baptista Mansus, Marchio Villensis Neapolitanus ad Joannem Miltonium Anglum.

  • Ut mens, forma, decor, facies, mos, si pietas sic,
  • Non Anglus, verùm herclè Angelus ipse fores.

Ad Joannem Miltonem Anglum triplici poeseos laureâ coronandum Græcâ nimirum, Latinâ, atque Hetruscâ, Epigramma Joannis Salsilli Romani.

  • Cede Meles, cedat depressa Mincius urna;
  • Sebetus Tassum desinat usque loqui;
  • At Thamesis victor cunctis ferat altior undas
  • Nam per te Milto par tribus unus erit.
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Ad Joannem Miltonum.

  • Græcia Mæonidem, jactet sibi Roma Maronem,
  • Anglia Miltonum jactat utrique parem.
  • Selvaggi.

Al Signor Gio. Miltoni Nobile Inglese.

  • ODE.

    • Ergimi all’ Etra ò Clio
    • Perche di stelle intreccierò corona
    • Non più del Biondo Dio
    • La Fronde eterna in Pindo, e in Elicona,
    • Diensi a merto maggior, maggiori i fregi,
    • A’ celeste virtù celesti pregi.
    • Non puo del tempo edace
    • Rimaner preda, eterno alto valore
    • Non puo l’ oblio rapace
    • Furar dalle memorie eccelso onore,originalEd: 10
    • Su l’ arco di mia cetra un dardo forte
    • Virtù m’ adatti, e ferirò la morte.
    • Del Ocean profondo
    • Cinta dagli ampi gorghi Anglia risiede
    • Separata dal mondo,
    • Però che il suo valor l’ umano eccede:
    • Questa feconda sà produrre Eroi,
    • Ch’ hanno a ragion del sovruman tra noi.
    • Alla virtù sbandita
    • Danno ne i petti lor fido ricetto,originalEd: 10
    • Quella gli è sol gradita,
    • Perche in lei san trovar gioia, e diletto;
    • Ridillo tu Giovanni e mostra in tanto
    • Con tuo vera virtù, vero il mio Canto.
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    • Lungi dal Patrio lido
    • Spinse Zeusi l’ industre ardente brama;
    • Ch’ udio d’ Helena il grido
    • Con aurea tromba rimbombar la fama,
    • E per poterla effigiare al paro
    • Dalle più belle Idee trasse il priù raro.originalEd: 30
    • Cosi l’ Ape Ingegnosa
    • Trae con industria il suo liquor pregiato
    • Dal giglio e dalla rosa,
    • E quanti vaghi fiori ornano il prato;
    • Formano un dolce suon diverse Chorde,
    • Fan varie voci melodia concorde.
    • Di bella gloria amante
    • Milton dal Ciel natio per varie parti
    • Le peregrine piante
    • Volgesti a ricercar scienze, ed arti;originalEd: 40
    • Del Gallo regnator vedesti i Regni,
    • E dell’ Italia ancor gl’ Eroi piu degni.
    • Fabro quasi divino
    • Sol virtù rintracciando il tuo pensiero
    • Vide in ogni confino
    • Chi di nobil valor calca il sentiero;
    • L’ ottimo dal miglior dopo scegliea
    • Per fabbricar d’ ogni virtu l’ Idea.
    • Quanti nacquero in Flora
    • O in lei del parlar Tosco appreser l’ arte,originalEd: 50
    • La cui memoria onora
    • Il mondo fatta eterna in dotte carte,
    • Volesti ricercar per tuo tesoro,
    • E parlasti con lor nell’ opre loro.
    • Nell’ altera Babelle
    • Per te il parlar confuse Giove in vano,
    • Che per varie favelle
    • Di se stessa trofeo cadde su’l piano:
    • Ch’ Ode oltr’ all Anglia il suo piu degno Idioma
    • Spagna, Francia, Toscana, e Grecia e RomaoriginalEd: 60
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    • I piu profondi arcani
    • Ch’ occulta la natura e in cielo e in terra
    • Ch’ a Ingegni sovrumani
    • Troppo avara tal’ hor gli chiude, e serra,
    • Chiaramente conosci, e giungi al fine
    • Della moral virtude al gran confine.
    • Non batta il Tempo l’ ale,
    • Fermisi immoto, e in un ferminsi gl’ anni,
    • Che di virtù immortale
    • Scorron di troppo ingiuriosi a i danni;originalEd: 70
    • Che s’ opre degne di Poema o storia
    • Furon gia, l’ hai presenti alla memoria.
    • Dammi tua dolce Cetra
    • Se vuoi ch’ io dica del tuo dolce canto,
    • Ch’ inalzandoti all’ Etra
    • Di farti huomo celeste ottiene il vanto,
    • Il Tamigi il dirà che gl’ è concesso
    • Per te suo cigno pareggiar Permesso.
    • Io che in riva del Arno
    • Tento spiegar tuo merto alto, e preclarooriginalEd: 80
    • So che fatico indarno,
    • E ad ammirar, non a lodarlo imparo;
    • Freno dunque la lingua, e ascolto il core
    • Che ti prende a lodar con lo stupore.
    • Del sig. Antonio Francini gentilhuomo Fiorentino.
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JOANNI MILTONI

LONDINIENSI.

Juveni Patria, virtutibus eximio,

Viro qui multa peregrinatione, studio cuncta orbis terrarum loca perspexit, ut novus Ulysses omnia ubique ab omnibus apprehenderet.

Polyglotto, in cujus ore linguæ jam deperditæ sic reviviscunt, ut idiomata omnia sint in ejus laudibus infacunda; Et jure ea percallet ut admirationes & plausus populorum ab propria sapientia excitatos, intelligat.

Illi, cujus animi dotes corporisque, sensus ad admirationem commovent, & per ipsam motum cuique auferunt; cujus opera ad plausus hortantur, sed vastitate1 vocem laudatoribus adimunt.

Cui in Memoria totus Orbis: In intellectu Sapientia: in voluntate ardor gloriæ: in ore Eloquentia: Harmonicos celestium Sphærarum sonitus Astronomia Duce audienti; Characteres mirabilium naturæ per quos Dei magnitudo describitur magistra Philosophia legenti; Antiquitatum latebras, vetustatis excidia, eruditionis ambages comite assidua autorum Lectione.

  • Exquirenti, restauranti, percurrenti.
  • At cur nitor in arduum?

Illi in cujus virtutibus evulgandis ora Famæ non sufficiant, nec hominum stupor in laudandis satis est, Reverentiæ & amoris ergo hoc ejus meritis debitum admirationis tributum offert Carolus Datus Patricius Florentinus.

Tanto homini servus, tantæ virtutis amator.

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ELEGIARUM
Liber Primus.

Elegia prima ad Carolum Diodatum.

  • Tandem, chare, tuæ mihi pervenere tabellæ,
  • Pertulit & voces nuntia charta tuas,
  • Pertulit occiduâ Devæ Cestrensis ab orâ
  • Vergivium prono quà petit amne salum.
  • Multùm crede juvat terras aluisse remotas
  • Pectus amans nostri, tamque fidele caput,
  • Quòdque mihi lepidum tellus longinqua sodalem
  • Debet, at unde brevi reddere jussa velit.
  • Me tenet urbs refluâ quam Thamesis alluit undâ,
  • Meque nec invitum patria dulcis habet.originalEd: 10
  • Jam nec arundiferum mihi cura revisere Camum,
  • Nec dudum vetiti me laris angit amor.
  • Nuda nec arva placent, umbrasque negantia molles,
  • Quàm male Phœbicolis convenit ille locus!
  • Nec duri libet usque minas perferre magistri
  • Cæteraque ingenio non subeunda meo.
  • Si sit hoc exilium patrios adiisse penates,
  • Et vacuum curis otia grata sequi,
  • Non ego vel profugi nomen, sortemve recuso,
  • Lætus & exilii conditione fruor.originalEd: 20
  • O utinam vates nunquam graviora tulisset
  • Ille Tomitano flebilis exul agro;
  • Non tunc Jonio quicquam cessisset Homero
  • Neve foret victo laus tibi prima Maro.
  • Tempora nam licet hîc placidis dare libera Musis,
  • Et totum rapiunt me mea vita libri.
  • Excipit hinc fessum sinuosi pompa theatri,
  • Et vocat ad plausus garrula scena suos.
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  • Seu catus auditur senior, seu prodigus hæres,
  • Seu procus, aut positâ casside miles adest,originalEd: 30
  • Sive decennali fœcundus lite patronus
  • Detonat inculto barbara verba foro,
  • Sæpe vafer gnato succurrit servus amanti,
  • Et nasum rigidi fallit ubique Patris;
  • Sæpe novos illic virgo mirata calores
  • Quid sit amor nescit, dum quoque nescit, amat.
  • Sive cruentatum furiosa Tragœdia sceptrum
  • Quassat, & effusis crinibus ora rotat,
  • Et dolet, & specto, juvat & spectasse dolendo,
  • Interdum & lacrymis dulcis amaror inest:originalEd: 40
  • Seu puer infelix indelibata reliquit
  • Gaudia, & abrupto flendus amore cadit,
  • Seu ferus è tenebris iterat Styga criminis ultor
  • Conscia funereo peotora torre movens,
  • Seu mæret Pelopeia domus, feu nobilis Ili,
  • Aut luit incestos aula Creontis avos.
  • Sed neque sub tecto semper nec in urbe latemus,
  • Irrita nec nobis tempora veris eunt.
  • Nos quoque lucus habet vicinâ consitus ulmo
  • Atque suburbani nobilis umbra loci.originalEd: 50
  • Sæpius hic blandas spirantia sydera flammas
  • Virgineos videas præteriisse choros.
  • Ah quoties dignæ stupui miracula formæ
  • Quæ possit senium vel reparare Jovis;
  • Ah quoties vidi superantia lumina gemmas,
  • Atque faces quotquot volvit uterque polus;
  • Collaque bis vivi Pelopis quæ brachia vincant,
  • Quæque fluit puro nectare tincta via,
  • Et decus eximium frontis, tremulosque capillos,
  • Aurea quæ fallax retia tendit Amor.originalEd: 60
  • Pellacesque genas, ad quas hyacinthina sordet
  • Purpura, & ipse tui floris, Adoni, rubor.
  • Cedite laudatæ toties Heroides olim,
  • Et quæcunque vagum cepit amica Jovem.
  • Cedite Achæmeniæ turritâ fronte puellæ,
  • Et quot Susa colunt, Memnoniamque Ninon.
  • Vos etiam Danaæ fasces submittite Nymphæ,
  • Et vos Iliacæ, Romuleæque nurus.
  • Nec Pompeianas Tarpëia Musa columnas
  • Jactet, & Ausoniis plena theatra stolis.originalEd: 70
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  • Gloria Virginibus debetur prima Britannis,
  • Extera sat tibi sit fœmina posse sequi.
  • Tuque urbs Dardaniis Londinum structa colonis
  • Turrigerum latè conspicienda caput,
  • Tu nimium felix intra tua mœnia claudis
  • Quicquid formosi pendulus orbis habet.
  • Non tibi tot cælo scintillant astra sereno
  • Endymioneæ turba ministra deæ,
  • Quot tibi conspicuæ formáque auróque puellæ
  • Per medias radiant turba videnda vias.originalEd: 80
  • Creditur huc geminis venisse invecta columbis
  • Alma pharetrigero milite cincta Venus,
  • Huic Cnidon, & riguas Simoentis flumine valles,
  • Huic Paphon, & roseam posthabitura Cypron.
  • Ast ego, dum pueri sinit indulgentia cæci,
  • Mœnia quàm subitò linquere fausta paro;
  • Et vitare procul malefidæ infamia Circes
  • Atria, divini Molyos usus ope.
  • Stat quoque juncosas Cami remeare paludes,
  • Atque iterum raucæ murmur adire Scholæ.originalEd: 90
  • Interea fidi parvum cape munus amici,
  • Paucaque in alternos verba coacta modos.

Elegia secunda, Anno ætatis 17. In obitum Præconis Academici Cantabrigiensis.

  • Te, qui conspicuus baculo fulgente solebas
  • Palladium toties ore ciere gregem,
  • Ultima præconum præconem te quoque sæva
  • Mors rapit, officio nec favet ipsa suo.
  • Candidiora licet fuerint tibi tempora plumis
  • Sub quibus accipimus delituisse Jovem,
  • O dignus tamen Hæmonio juvenescere succo,
  • Dignus in Æsonios vivere posse dies,
  • Dignus quem Stygiis medicâ revocaret ab undis
  • Arte Coronides, sæpe rogante dea.originalEd: 10
  • Tu si jussus eras acies accire togatas,
  • Et celer à Phoebo nuntius ire tuo,
  • Talis in Iliacâ stabat Cyllenius aula
  • Alipes, æthereâ missus ab arce Patris.
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  • Talis & Eurybates ante ora furentis Achillei
  • Rettulit Atridæ jussa severa ducis.
  • Magna sepulchrorum regina, satelles Averni
  • Sæva nimis Musis, Palladi sæva nimis,
  • Quin illos rapias qui pondus inutile terræ,
  • Turba quidem est telis ista petenda tuis.originalEd: 20
  • Vestibus hunc igitur pullis Academia luge,
  • Et madeant lachrymis nigra feretra tuis.
  • Fundat & ipsa modos querebunda Elegëia tristes,
  • Personet & totis nænia mœsta scholis.

Elegia tertia, Anno ætatis 17. In obitum Præsulis Wintoniensis.

  • Mœstus eram, & tacitus nullo comitante sedebam,
  • Hærebantque animo tristia plura meo,
  • Protinus en subiit funestæ cladis Imago
  • Fecit in Angliaco quam Libitina solo;
  • Dum procerum ingressa est splendentes marmore turres
  • Dira sepulchrali mors metuenda face;
  • Pulsavitque auro gravidos & jaspide muros,
  • Nec metuit satrapum sternere falce greges.
  • Tunc memini clarique ducis, fratrisque verendi
  • Intempestivis ossa cremata rogis.originalEd: 10
  • Et memini Heroum quos vidit ad æthera raptos,
  • Flevit & amissos Belgia tota duces.
  • At te præcipuè luxi dignissime præsul,
  • Wintoniæque olim gloria magna tuæ;
  • Delicui fletu, & tristi sic ore querebar,
  • Mors fera Tartareo diva secunda Jovi,
  • Nonne satis quod sylva tuas persentiat iras,
  • Et quod in herbosos jus tibi detur agros,
  • Quodque afflata tuo marcescant lilia tabo,
  • Et crocus, & pulchræ Cypridi sacra rosa,originalEd: 20
  • Nec sinis ut semper fluvio contermina quercus
  • Miretur lapsus prætereuntis aquæ?
  • Et tibi succumbit liquido quæ plurima cœlo
  • Evehitur pennis quamlibet augur avis,
  • Et quæ mille nigris errant animalia sylvis,
  • Et quod alunt mutum Proteos antra pecus.
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  • Invida, tanta tibi cum sit concessa potestas,
  • Quid juvat humanâ tingere cæde manus?
  • Nobileque in pectus certas acuisse sagittas,
  • Semideamque animam sede fugâsse suâ?originalEd: 30
  • Talia dum lacrymans alto sub pectore volvo,
  • Roscidus occiduis Hesperus exit aquis,
  • Et Tartessiaco submerserat æquore currum
  • Phœbus, ab eöo littore mensus iter.
  • Nec mora, membra cavo posui refovenda cubili,
  • Condiderant oculos noxque soporque meos.
  • Cum mihi visus eram lato spatiarier agro,
  • Heu nequit ingenium visa referre meum.
  • Illic puniceâ radiabant omnia luce,
  • Ut matutino cum juga sole rubent.originalEd: 40
  • Ac veluti cum pandit opes Thaumantia proles,
  • Vestitu nituit multicolore solum.
  • Non dea tam variis ornavit floribus hortos
  • Alcinoi, Zephyro Chloris amata levi.
  • Flumina vernantes lambunt argentea campos,
  • Ditior Hesperio flavet arena Tago.
  • Serpit odoriferas per opes levis aura Favoni,
  • Aura sub innumeris humida nata rosis.
  • Talis in extremis terræ Gangetidis oris
  • Luciferi regis fingitur esse domus.originalEd: 50
  • Ipse racemiferis dum densas vitibus umbras
  • Et pellucentes miror ubique locos,
  • Ecce mihi subito præsul Wintonius astat,
  • Sydereum nitido fulsit in ore jubar;
  • Vestis ad auratos defluxit candida talos,
  • Infula divinum cinxerat alba caput.
  • Dumque senex tali incedit venerandus amictu,
  • Intremuit læto florea terra sono.
  • Agmina gemmatis plaudunt cælestia pennis,
  • Pura triumphali personat æthra tubâ.originalEd: 60
  • Quisque novum amplexu comitem cantuque salutat,
  • Hosque aliquis placido misit ab ore sonos;
  • Nate veni, & patrii felix cape gaudia regni,
  • Semper ab hinc duro, nate, labore vaca.
  • Dixit, & aligeræ tetigerunt nablia turmæ,
  • At mihi cum tenebris aurea pulsa quies.
  • Flebam turbatos Cephaleiâ pellice somnos,
  • Talia contingant somnia sæpe mihi.
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Elegia quarta. Anno ætatis 18. Ad Thomam Junium præceptorem suum apud mercatores Anglicos Hamburgæ agentes Pastoris munere fungentem.

  • Curre per immensum subitò mea littera pontum,
  • I, pete Teutonicos læve per æquor agros,
  • Segnes rumpe moras, & nil, precor, obstet eunti,
  • Et festinantis nil remoretur iter.
  • Ipse ego Sicanio frænantem carcere ventos
  • Æolon, & virides sollicitabo Deos;
  • Cæruleamque suis comitatam Dorida Nymphis,
  • Ut tibi dent placidam per sua regna viam.
  • At tu, si poteris, celeres tibi sume jugales,
  • Vecta quibus Colchis fugit ab ore viri.originalEd: 10
  • Aut queis Triptolemus Scythicas devenit in oras
  • Gratus Eleusinâ missus ab urbe puer.
  • Atque ubi Germanas flavere videbis arenas
  • Ditis ad Hamburgæ mœnia flecte gradum,
  • Dicitur occiso quæ ducere nomen ab Hamâ,
  • Cimbrica quem fertur clava dedisse neci.
  • Vivit ibi antiquæ clarus pietatis honore
  • Præsul Christicolas pascere doctus oves;
  • Ille quidem est animæ plusquam pars altera nostræ,
  • Dimidio vitæ vivere cogor ego.originalEd: 20
  • Hei mihi quot pelagi, quot montes interjecti
  • Me faciunt aliâ parte carere mei!
  • Charior ille mihi quam tu doctissime Graium
  • Cliniadi, pronepos qui Telamonis erat.
  • Quámque Stagirites generoso magnus alumno,
  • Quem peperit Libyco Chaonis alma Jovi.
  • Qualis Amyntorides, qualis Philyrëius Heros
  • Myrmidonum regi, talis & ille mihi.
  • Primus ego Aonios illo præeunte recessus
  • Lustrabam, & bifidi sacra vireta jugi,originalEd: 30
  • Pieriosque hausi latices, Clioque favente,
  • Castalio sparsi læta ter ora mero.
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  • Flammeus at signum ter viderat arietis Æthon
  • Induxitque auro lanea terga novo,
  • Bisque novo terram sparsisti Chlori senilem
  • Gramine, bisque tuas abstulit Auster opes:
  • Necdum ejus licuit mihi lumina pascere vultu,
  • Aut linguæ dulces aure bibisse sonos.
  • Vade igitur, cursuque Eurum præverte sonorum,
  • Quàm sit opus monitis res docet, ipsa vides.originalEd: 40
  • Invenies dulci cum conjuge forte sedentem,
  • Mulcentem gremio pignora chara suo,
  • Forsitan aut veterum prælarga volumina patrum
  • Versantem, aut veri biblia sacra Dei.
  • Cælestive animas saturantem rore tenellas,
  • Grande salutiferæ religionis opus.
  • Utque solet, multam, sit dicere cura salutem,
  • Dicere quam decuit, si modo adesset, herum.
  • Hæc quoque paulum oculos in humum defixa modestos,
  • Verba verecundo sis memor ore loqui:originalEd: 50
  • Hæc tibi, si teneris vacat inter prælia Musis
  • Mittit ab Angliaco littore fida manus.
  • Accipe sinceram, quamvis sit sera, salutem;
  • Fiat & hoc ipso gratior illa tibi.
  • Sera quidem, sed vera fuit, quam casta recepit
  • Icaris a lento Penelopeia viro.
  • Ast ego quid volui manifestum tollere crimen,
  • Ipse quod ex omni parte levare nequit.
  • Arguitur tardus meritò, noxamque fatetur,
  • Et pudet officium deseruisse suum.originalEd: 60
  • Tu modò da veniam fasso, veniamque roganti,
  • Crimina diminui, quæ patuere, solent.
  • Non ferus in pavidos rictus diducit hiantes,
  • Vulnifico pronos nec rapit ungue leo.
  • Sæpe sarissiferi crudelia pectora Thracis
  • Supplicis ad mœstas delicuere preces.
  • Extensæque manus avertunt fulminis ictus,
  • Placat & iratos hostia parva Deos.
  • Jamque diu scripsisse tibi fuit impetus illi,
  • Neve moras ultra ducere passus Amor.originalEd: 70
  • Nam vaga Fama refert, heu nuntia vera malorum!
  • In tibi finitimis bella tumere locis.
  • Teque tuàmque urbem truculento milite cingi,
  • Et jam Saxonicos arma parasse duces.
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  • Te circum latè campos populatur Enyo,
  • Et sata carne virûm jam cruor arva rigat.
  • Germanisque suum concessit Thracia Martem,
  • Illuc Odrysios Mars pater egit equos.
  • Perpetuóque comans jam deflorescit oliva,
  • Fugit & ærisonam Diva perosa tubam,originalEd: 80
  • Fugit io terris, & jam non ultima virgo
  • Creditur ad superas justa volasse domos.
  • Te tamen intereà belli circumsonat horror,
  • Vivis & ignoto solus inópsque solo;
  • Et, tibi quam patrii non exhibuere penates
  • Sede peregrinâ quæris egenus opem.
  • Patria dura parens, & saxis sævior albis
  • Spumea quæ pulsat littoris unda tui,
  • Siccine te decet innocuos exponere fætus;
  • Siccine in externam ferrea cogis humum,originalEd: 90
  • Et sinis ut terris quærant alimenta remotis
  • Quos tibi prospiciens miserat ipse Deus,
  • Et qui læta ferunt de cælo nuntia, quique
  • Quæ via post cineres ducat ad astra, docent?
  • Digna quidem Stygiis quæ vivas clausa tenebris,
  • Æternâque animæ digna perire fame!
  • Haud aliter vates terræ Thesbitidis olim
  • Pressit inassueto devia tesqua pede,
  • Desertasque Arabum salebras, dum regis Achabi
  • Effugit atque tuas, Sidoni dira, manus.originalEd: 100
  • Talis & horrisono laceratus membra flagello,
  • Paulus ab Æmathiâ pellitur urbe Cilix.
  • Piscosæque ipsum Gergessæ civis Jesum
  • Finibus ingratus jussit abire suis.
  • At tu sume animos, nec spes cadat anxia curis
  • Nec tua concutiat decolor ossa metus.
  • Sis etenim quamvis fulgentibus obsitus armis,
  • Intententque tibi millia tela necem,
  • At nullis vel inerme latus violabitur armis,
  • Deque tuo cuspis nulla cruore bibet.originalEd: 110
  • Namque eris ipse Dei radiante sub ægide tutus,
  • Ille tibi custos, & pugil ille tibi;
  • Ille Sionææ qui tot sub mœnibus arcis
  • Assyrios fudit nocte silente viros;
  • Inque fugam vertit quos in Samaritidas oras
  • Misit ab antiquis prisca Damascus agris,
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  • Terruit & densas pavido rege cohortes,
  • Ære dum vacuo buccina clara sonat,
  • Cornea pulvereum dum verberat ungula campum,
  • Currus arenosam dum quatit actus humum,originalEd: 120
  • Auditurque hinnitus equorum ad bella ruentûm,
  • Et strepitus ferri, murmuraque alta virûm.
  • Et tu (quod superest miseris) sperare memento,
  • Et tua magnanimo pectore vince mala.
  • Nec dubites quandoque frui melioribus annis,
  • Atque iterum patrios posse videre lares.

Elegia quinta, Anno ætatis 20. In adventum veris.

  • In se perpetuo Tempus revolubile gyro
  • Jam revocat Zephyros vere tepente novos.
  • Induiturque brevem Tellus reparata juventam,
  • Jamque soluta gelu dulce virescit humus.
  • Fallor? an & nobis redeunt in carmina vires,
  • Ingeniumque mihi munere veris adest?
  • Munere veris adest, iterumque vigescit ab illo
  • (Quis putet) atque aliquod jam sibi poscit opus.
  • Castalis ante oculos, bifidumque cacumen oberrat,
  • Et mihi Pyrenen somnia nocte ferunt.originalEd: 10
  • Concitaque arcano fervent mihi pectora motu,
  • Et furor, & sonitus me sacer intùs agit.
  • Delius ipse venit, video Penëide lauro
  • Implicitos crines, Delius ipse venit.
  • Jam mihi mens liquidi raptatur in ardua cœli,
  • Perque vagas nubes corpore liber eo.
  • Perque umbras, perque antra feror penetralia vatum,
  • Et mihi fana patent interiora Deûm.
  • Intuiturque animus toto quid agatur Olympo,
  • Nec fugiunt oculos Tartara cæca meos.originalEd: 20
  • Quid tam grande sonat distento spiritus ore?
  • Quid parit hæc rabies, quid sacér iste furor?
  • Ver mihi, quod dedit ingenium, cantabitur illo;
  • Profuerint isto reddita dona modo.
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  • Jam Philomela tuos foliis adoperta novellis
  • Instituis modulos, dum silet omne nemus.
  • Urbe ego, tu sylvâ simul incipiamus utrique,
  • Et simul adventum veris uterque canat.
  • Veris io rediere vices, celebremus honores
  • Veris, & hoc subeat Musa quotannis opus.originalEd: 30
  • Jam sol Æthiopas fugiens Tithoniaque arva,
  • Flectit ad Arctöas aurea lora plagas.
  • Est breve noctis iter, brevis est mora noctis opacæ
  • Horrida cum tenebris exulat illa suis.
  • Jamque Lycaonius plaustrum cæleste Boötes
  • Non longâ sequitur fessus ut ante viâ,
  • Nunc etiam solitas circum Jovis atria toto
  • Excubias agitant sydera rara polo.
  • Nam dolus & cædes, & vis cum nocte recessit,
  • Neve Giganteum Dii timuere scelus.originalEd: 40
  • Forte aliquis scopuli recubans in vertice pastor,
  • Roscida cum primo sole rebescit humus,
  • Hac, ait, hac certè caruisti nocte puellâ
  • Phœbe tuâ, celeres quæ retineret equos.
  • Læta suas repetit sylvas, pharetramque resumit
  • Cynthia, Luciferas ut videt alta rotas,
  • Et tenues ponens radios gaudere videtur
  • Officium fieri tam breve fratris ope.
  • Desere, Phœbus ait, thalamos Aurora seniles,
  • Quid juvat effœto procubuisse toro?originalEd: 50
  • Te manet Æolides viridi venator in herba,
  • Surge, tuos ignes altus Hymettus habet.
  • Flava verecundo dea crimen in ore fatetur,
  • Et matutinos ocyus urget equos.
  • Exuit invisam Tellus rediviva senectam,
  • Et cupit amplexus Phœbe subire tuos;
  • Et cupit, & digna est, quid enim formosius illâ,
  • Pandit ut omniferos luxuriosa sinus,
  • Atque Arabum spirat messes, & ab ore venusto
  • Mitia cum Paphiis fundit amoma rosis.originalEd: 60
  • Ecce coronatur sacro frons ardua luco,
  • Cingit ut Idæam pinea turris Opim;
  • Et vario madidos intexit flore capillos,
  • Floribus & visa est posse placere suis.
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  • Floribus effusos ut erat redimita capillos
  • Tænario placuit diva Sicana Deo.
  • Aspice Phœbe tibi faciles hortantur amores,
  • Mellitasque movent flamina verna preces.
  • Cinnameâ Zephyrus leve plaudit odorifer alâ,
  • Blanditiasque tibi ferre videntur aves.originalEd: 70
  • Nec sine dote tuos temeraria quærit amores
  • Terra, nec optatos poscit egena toros,
  • Alma salutiferum medicos tibi gramen in usus
  • Præbet, & hinc titulos adjuvat ipsa tuos.
  • Quòd si te pretium, si te fulgentia tangunt
  • Munera, (muneribus sæpe coemptus Amor)
  • Illa tibi ostentat quascunque sub æquore vasto,
  • Et superinjectis montibus abdit opes.
  • Ah quoties cum tu clivoso fessus Olympo
  • In vespertinas præcipitaris aquas,originalEd: 80
  • Cur te, inquit, cursu languentem Phœbe diurno
  • Hesperiis recipit Cærula mater aquis?
  • Quid tibi cum Tethy? Quid cum Tartesside lymphâ,
  • Dia quid immundo perluis ora salo?
  • Frigora Phœbe meâ melius captabis in umbrâ,
  • Huc ades, ardentes imbue rore comas.
  • Mollior egelidâ veniet tibi somnus in herbâ,
  • Huc ades, & gremio lumina pone meo.
  • Quáque jaces circum mulcebit lene susurrans
  • Aura per humentes corpora fusa rosas.originalEd: 90
  • Nec me (crede mihi) terrent Semelëia fata,
  • Nec Phäetonteo fumidus axis equo;
  • Cum tu Phœbe tuo sapientius uteris igni,
  • Huc ades & gremio lumina pone meo.
  • Sic Tellus lasciva suos suspirat amores;
  • Matris in exemplum cætera turba ruunt.
  • Nunc etenim toto currit vagus orbe Cupido,
  • Languentesque fovet solis ab igne faces.
  • Insonuere novis lethalia cornua nervis,
  • Triste micant ferro tela corusca novo.originalEd: 100
  • Jamque vel invictam tentat superasse Dianam,
  • Quæque sedet sacro Vesta pudica foco.
  • Ipsa senescentem reparat Venus annua formam,
  • Atque iterum tepido creditur orta mari.
  • Marmoreas juvenes clamant Hymenæe per urbes,
  • Litus io Hymen, & cava saxa sonant.
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  • Cultior ille venit tunicâque decentior aptâ,
  • Puniceum redolet vestis odora crocum.
  • Egrediturque frequens ad amœni gaudia veris
  • Virgineos auro cincta puella sinus.originalEd: 110
  • Votum est cuique suum, votum est tamen omnibus unum,
  • Ut sibi quem cupiat, det Cytherea virum.
  • Nunc quoque septenâ modulatur arundine pastor,
  • Et sua quæ jungat carmina Phyllis habet.
  • Navita nocturno placat sua sydera cantu,
  • Delphinasque leves ad vada summa vocat.
  • Jupiter ipse alto cum conjuge ludit Olympo,
  • Convocat & famulos ad sua festa Deos.
  • Nunc etiam Satyri cum sera crepuscula surgunt,
  • Pervolitant celeri florea rura choro,originalEd: 120
  • Sylvanusque suâ Cyparissi fronde revinctus,
  • Semicaperque Deus, semideusque caper.
  • Quæque sub arboribus Dryades latuere vetustis
  • Per juga, per solos expatiantur agros.
  • Per sata luxuriat fruticetaque Mænalius Pan,
  • Vix Cybele mater, vix sibi tuta Ceres,
  • Atque aliquam cupidus prædatur Oreada Faunus,
  • Consulit in trepidos dum sibi Nympha pedes,
  • Jamque latet, latitansque cupit male tecta videri,
  • Et fugit, & fugiens pervelit ipsa capi.originalEd: 130
  • Dii quoque non dubitant cælo præponere sylvas,
  • Et sua quisque sibi numina lucus habet.
  • Et sua quisque diu sibi numina lucus habeto,
  • Nec vos arboreâ dii precor ite domo.
  • Te referant miseris te Jupiter aurea terris
  • Sæcla, quid ad nimbos aspera tela redis?
  • Tu saltem lentè rapidos age Phœbe jugales
  • Quà potes, & sensim tempora veris eant.
  • Brumaque productas tardè ferat hispida noctes,
  • Ingruat & nostro serior umbra polo.originalEd: 140
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Elegia sexta. Ad Carolum Diodatum ruri commorantem.

Qui cum idibus Decemb. scripsisset, & sua carmina excusari postulasset si solito minus essent bona, quòd inter lautitias quibus erat ab amicis exceptus, haud satis felicem operam Musis dare se posse affirmabat, hunc habuit responsum.

  • Mitto tibi sanam non pleno ventre salutem,
  • Quâ tu distento forte carere potes.
  • At tua quid nostram prolectat Musa camœnam,
  • Nec sinit optatas posse sequi tenebras?
  • Carmine scire velis quàm te redamémque colámque,
  • Crede mihi vix hoc carmine scire queas,
  • Nam neque noster amor modulis includitur arctis,
  • Nec venit ad claudos integer ipse pedes.
  • Quàm bene solennes epulas, hilaremque Decembrim
  • Festaque cœlifugam quæ coluere Deum,originalEd: 10
  • Deliciasque refers, hyberni gaudia ruris,
  • Haustaque per lepidos Gallica musta focos.
  • Quid quereris refugam vino dapibusque poesin?
  • Carmen amat Bacchum, Carmina Bacchus amat.
  • Nec puduit Phœbum virides gestasse corymbos,
  • Atque hederam lauro præposuisse suæ.
  • Sæpius Aoniis clamavit collibus Euœ
  • Mista Thyonêo turba novena choro.
  • Naso Corallæis mala carmina misit ab agris:
  • Non illic epulæ non sata vitis erat.originalEd: 20
  • Quid nisi vina, rosasque racemiferumque Lyæum
  • Cantavit brevibus Tëia Musa modis?
  • Pindaricosque inflat numeros Teumesius Euan,
  • Et redolet sumptum pagina quæque merum.
  • Dum gravis everso currus crepat axe supinus,
  • Et volat Eléo pulvere fuscus eques.
  • Quadrimoque madens Lyricen Romanus Iaccho
  • Dulce canit Glyceran, flavicomamque Chloen.
  • Jam quoque lauta tibi generoso mensa paratu,
  • Mentis alit vires, ingeniumque fovet.originalEd: 30
  • Massica fœcundam despumant pocula venam,
  • Fundis & ex ipso condita metra cado.
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  • Addimus his artes, fusumque per intima Phœbum
  • Corda, favent uni Bacchus, Apollo, Ceres.
  • Scilicet haud mirum tam dulcia carmina per te
  • Numine composito tres peperisse Deos.
  • Nunc quoque Thressa tibi cælato barbitos auro
  • Insonat argutâ molliter icta manu;
  • Auditurque chelys suspensa tapetia circum,
  • Virgineos tremulâ quæ regat arte pedes.originalEd: 40
  • Illa tuas saltem teneant spectacula Musas,
  • Et revocent, quantum crapula pellit iners.
  • Crede mihi dum psallit ebur, comitataque plectrum
  • Implet odoratos festa chorea tholos,
  • Percipies tacitum per pectora serpere Phœbum,
  • Quale repentinus permeat ossa calor,
  • Perque puellares oculos digitumque sonantem
  • Irruet in totos lapsa Thalia sinus.
  • Namque Elegía levis multorum cura deorum est,
  • Et vocat ad numeros quemlibet illa suos;originalEd: 50
  • Liber adest elegis, Eratoque, Ceresque, Venusque,
  • Et cum purpureâ matre tenellus Amor.
  • Talibus inde licent convivia larga poetis,
  • Sæpius & veteri commaduisse meto.
  • At qui bella refert, & adulto sub Jove cælum,
  • Heroasque pios, semideosque duces,
  • Et nunc sancta canit superum consulta deorum,
  • Nunc latrata fero regna profunda cane,
  • Ille quidem parcè Samii pro more magistri
  • Vivat, & innocuos præbeat herba cibos;originalEd: 60
  • Stet prope fagineo pellucida lympha catillo,
  • Sobriaque è puro pocula fonte bibat.
  • Additur huic scelerisque vacans, & casta juventus,
  • Et rigidi mores, & sine labe manus.
  • Qualis veste nitens sacrâ, & lustralibus undis
  • Surgis ad infensos augur iture Deos.
  • Hoc ritu vixisse ferunt post rapta sagacem
  • Lumina Tiresian, Ogygiumque Linon,
  • Et lare devoto profugum Calchanta, senemque
  • Orpheon edomitis sola per antra feris;originalEd: 70
  • Sic dapis exiguus, sic rivi potor Homerus
  • Dulichium vexit per freta longa virum,
  • Et per monstrificam Perseiæ Phœbados aulam,
  • Et vada fœmineis insidiosa sonis,
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  • Perque tuas rex ime domos, ubi sanguine nigro
  • Dicitur umbrarum detinuisse greges.
  • Diis etenim sacer est vates, divûmque sacerdos,
  • Spirat & occultum pectus, & ora Jovem.
  • At tu si quid agam, scitabere (si modò saltem
  • Esse putas tanti noscere siquid agam)originalEd: 80
  • Paciferum canimus cælesti semine regem,
  • Faustaque sacratis sæcula pacta libris,
  • Vagitumque Dei, & stabulantem paupere tecto
  • Qui suprema suo cum patre regna colit.
  • Stelliparumque polum, modulantesque æthere turmas,
  • Et subitò elisos ad sua fana Deos.
  • Dona quidem dedimus Christi natalibus illa
  • Illa sub auroram lux mihi prima tulit.
  • Te quoque pressa manent patriis meditata cicutis,
  • Tu mihi, cui recitem, judicis instar eris.originalEd: 90

Elegia septima, Anno ætatis undevigesimo.

  • Nondum blanda tuas leges Amathusia noram,
  • Et Paphio vacuum pectus ab igne fuit.
  • Sæpe cupidineas, puerilia tela, sagittas,
  • Atque tuum sprevi maxime, numen, Amor.
  • Tu puer imbelles dixi transfige columbas,
  • Conveniunt tenero mollia bella duci.
  • Aut de passeribus tumidos age, parve, triumphos,
  • Hæc sunt militiæ digna trophæa tuæ.
  • In genus humanum quid inania dirigis arma?
  • Non valet in fortes ista pharetra viros.originalEd: 10
  • Non tulit hoc Cyprius, (neque enim Deus ullus ad iras
  • Promptior) & duplici jam ferus igne calet.
  • Ver erat, & summæ radians per culmina villæ
  • Attulerat primam lux tibi Maie diem:
  • At mihi adhuc refugam quærebant lumina noctem
  • Nec matutinum sustinuere jubar.
  • Astat Amor lecto, pictis Amor impiger alis,
  • Prodidit astantem mota pharetra Deum:
  • Prodidit & facies, & dulce minantis ocelli,
  • Et quicquid puero, dignum & Amore fuit.originalEd: 20
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  • Talis in æterno juvenis Sigeius Olympo
  • Miscet amatori pocula plena Jovi;
  • Aut qui formosas pellexit ad oscula nymphas
  • Thiodamantæus Naiade raptus Hylas;
  • Addideratque iras, sed & has decuisse putares,
  • Addideratque truces, nec sine felle minas.
  • Et miser exemplo sapuisses tutiùs, inquit,
  • Nunc mea quid possit dextera testis eris.
  • Inter & expertos vires numerabere nostras,
  • Et faciam vero per tua damna fidem.originalEd: 30
  • Ipse ego si nescis strato Pythone superbum
  • Edomui Phœbum, cessit & ille mihi;
  • Et quoties meminit Peneidos, ipse fatetur
  • Certiùs & graviùs tela nocere mea.
  • Me nequit adductum curvare peritiùs arcum,
  • Qui post terga solet vincere Parthus eques.
  • Cydoniusque mihi cedit venator, & ille
  • Inscius uxori qui necis author erat.
  • Est etiam nobis ingens quoque victus Orion,
  • Herculeæque manus, Herculeusque comes.originalEd: 40
  • Jupiter ipse licet sua fulmina torqueat in me,
  • Hærebunt lateri spicula nostra Jovis.
  • Cætera quæ dubitas meliùs mea tela docebunt,
  • Et tua non leviter corda petenda mihi.
  • Nec te stulte tuæ poterunt defendere Musæ,
  • Nec tibi Phœbæus porriget anguis opem.
  • Dixit, & aurato quatiens mucrone sagittam,
  • Evolat in tepidos Cypridos ille sinus.
  • At mihi risuro tonuit ferus ore minaci,
  • Et mihi de puero non metus ullus erat.originalEd: 50
  • Et modò quà nostri spatiantur in urbe Quirites
  • Et modò villarum proxima rura placent.
  • Turba frequens, faciéque simillima turba dearum
  • Splendida per medias itque reditque vias.
  • Auctaque luce dies gemino fulgore coruscat,
  • Fallor? an & radios hinc quoque Phœbus habet.
  • Hæc ego non fugi spectacula grata severus,
  • Impetus & quò me fert juvenilis, agor.
  • Lumina luminibus malè providus obvia misi,
  • Neve oculos potui continuisse meos.originalEd: 60
  • Unam forte aliis supereminuisse notabam,
  • Principium nostri lux erat illa mali.
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  • Sic Venus optaret mortalibus ipsa videri,
  • Sic regina Deûm conspicienda fuit.
  • Hanc memor objecit nobis malus ille Cupido,
  • Solus & hos nobis texuit antè dolos.
  • Nec procul ipse vafer latuit, multæque sagittæ,
  • Et facis a tergo grande pependit onus.
  • Nec mora, nunc ciliis hæsit, nunc virginis ori,
  • Insilit hinc labiis, insidet inde genis:originalEd: 70
  • Et quascunque agilis partes jaculator oberrat,
  • Hei mihi, mille locis pectus inerme ferit.
  • Protinus insoliti subierunt corda furores,
  • Uror amans intùs, flammaque totus eram.
  • Interea misero quæ jam mihi sola placebat,
  • Ablata est oculis non reditura meis.
  • Ast ego progredior tacitè querebundus, & excors,
  • Et dubius volui sæpe referre pedem.
  • Findor, & hæc remanet, sequitur pars altera votum,
  • Raptaque tàm subitò gaudia flere juvat.originalEd: 80
  • Sic dolet amissum proles Junonia cœlum,
  • Inter Lemniacos præcipitata focos.
  • Talis & abreptum solem respexit, ad Orcum
  • Vectus ab attonitis Amphiaraus equis.
  • Quid faciam infelix, & luctu victus, amores
  • Nec licet inceptos ponere, neve sequi.
  • O utinam spectare semel mihi detur amatos
  • Vultus, & coràm tristia verba loqui;
  • Forsitan & duro non est adamante creata,
  • Forte nec ad nostras surdeat illa preces.originalEd: 90
  • Crede mihi nullus sic infeliciter arsit,
  • Ponar in exemplo primus & unus ego.
  • Parce precor teneri cum sis Deus ales amoris,
  • Pugnent officio nec tua facta tuo.
  • Jam tuus O certè est mihi formidabilis arcus,
  • Nate deâ, jaculis nec minus igne potens:
  • Et tua fumabunt nostris altaria donis,
  • Solus & in superis tu mihi summus eris.
  • Deme meos tandem, verùm nec deme furores,
  • Nescio cur, miser est suaviter omnis amans:originalEd: 100
  • Tu modo da facilis, posthæc mea siqua futura est,
  • Cuspis amaturos figat ut una duos.
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  • Hæc ego mente olim lævâ, studioque supino
  • Nequitiæ posui vana trophæa meæ.
  • Scilicet abreptum sic me malus impulit error,
  • Indocilisque ætas prava magistra fuit.
  • Donec Socraticos umbrosa Academia rivos
  • Præbuit, admissum dedocuitque jugum.
  • Protinus extinctis ex illo tempore flammis,
  • Cincta rigent multo pectora nostra gelu.
  • Unde suis frigus metuit puer ipse Sagittis,
  • Et Diomedéam vim timet ipse Venus.originalEd: 10

In Proditionem Bombardicam.

  • Cum simul in regem nuper satrapasque Britannos
  • Ausus es infandum perfide Fauxe nefas,
  • Fallor? an & mitis voluisti ex parte videri,
  • Et pensare malâ cum pietate scelus;
  • Scilicet hos alti missurus ad atria cæli,
  • Sulphureo curru flammivolisque rotis.
  • Qualiter ille feris caput inviolabile Parcis
  • Liquit Jördanios turbine raptus agros.

In eandem.

  • Siccine tentasti cælo donâsse Jäcobum
  • Quae septemgemino Bellua monte lates?
  • Ni meliora tuum poterit dare munera numen,
  • Parce precor donis insidiosa tuis.
  • Ille quidem sine te consortia serus adivit
  • Astra, nec inferni pulveris usus ope.
  • Sic potiùs fœdos in cælum pelle cucullos,
  • Et quot habet brutos Roma profana Deos.
  • Namque hac aut aliâ nisi quemque adjuveris arte,
  • Crede mihi cæli vix bene scandet iter.originalEd: 10
Edition: current; Page: [(140)]

In eandem.

  • Purgatorem animæ derisit Jäcobus ignem,
  • Et sine quo superûm non adeunda domus.
  • Frenduit hoc trinâ monstrum Latiale coronâ
  • Movit & horrificùm cornua dena minax.
  • Et nec inultus ait temnes mea sacra Britanne,
  • Supplicium spretâ relligione dabis.
  • Et si stelligeras unquam penetraveris arces,
  • Non nisi per flammas triste patebit iter.
  • O quàm funesto cecinisti proxima vero,
  • Verbaque ponderibus vix caritura suis!originalEd: 10
  • Nam prope Tartareo sublime rotatus ab igni
  • Ibat ad æthereas umbra perusta plagas.

In eandem.

  • Quem modò Roma suis devoverat impia diris,
  • Et Styge damnarât Tænarioque sinu,
  • Hunc vice mutatâ jam tollere gestit ad astra,
  • Et cupit ad superos evehere usque Deos.

In inventorem Bombardæ.

  • Japetionidem laudavit cæca vetustas,
  • Qui tulit ætheream solis ab axe facem;
  • At mihi major erit, qui lurida creditur arma,
  • Et trifidum fulmen surripuisse Jovi.

Ad Leonoram Romæ canentem.

  • Angelus unicuique suus (sic credite gentes)
  • Obtigit æthereis ales ab ordinibus.
  • Quid mirum? Leonora tibi si gloria major,
  • Nam tua præsentem vox sonat ipsa Deum
  • Edition: current; Page: [(141)]
  • Aut Deus, aut vacui certè mens tertia cœli
  • Per tua secretò guttura serpit agens;
  • Serpit agens, facilisque docet mortalia corda
  • Sensim immortali assuescere posse sono.
  • Quòd si cuncta quidem Deus est, per cunctaque fusus,
  • In te unâ loquitur, cætera mutus habet.originalEd: 10

Ad eandem.

  • Altera Torquatum cepit Leonora Poëtam,
  • Cujus ab insano cessit amore furens.
  • Ah miser ille tuo quantò feliciùs ævo
  • Perditus, & propter te Leonora foret!
  • Et te Pieriâ sensisset voce canentem
  • Aurea maternæ fila movere lyræ,
  • Quamvis Dircæo torsisset lumina Pentheo
  • Sævior, aut totus desipuisset iners,
  • Tu tamen errantes cæcâ vertigine sensus
  • Voce eadem poteras composuisse tuâ;originalEd: 10
  • Et poteras ægro spirans sub corde quietem
  • Flexanimo cantu restituisse sibi.

Ad eandem.

  • Credula quid liquidam Sirena Neapoli jactas,
  • Claraque Parthenopes fana Achelöiados,
  • Littoreamque tuâ defunctam Naiada ripâ
  • Corpora Chalcidico sacra dedisse rogo?
  • Illa quidem vivitque, & amœnâ Tibridis undâ
  • Mutavit rauci murmura Pausilipi.
  • Illic Romulidûm studiis ornata secundis,
  • Atque homines cantu detinet atque Deos.
Elegiarum Finis.
Edition: current; Page: [(142)]

[Added in Second Edition, 1673.]

Apologus de Rustico & Hero.

  • Rusticus ex Malo sapidissima poma quotannis
  • Legit, & urbano lecta dedit Domino:
  • Hic incredibili fructûs dulcedine Captus
  • Malum ipsam in proprias transtulit areolas.
  • Hactenus illa ferax, sed longo debilis ævo,
  • Mota solo assueto, protinùs aret iners.
  • Quod tandem ut patuit Domino, spe lusus inani,
  • Damnavit celeres in sua damna manus.
  • Atque ait, Heu quantò satius fuit illa Coloni
  • (Parva licet) grato dona tulisse animo!originalEd: 10
  • Possem Ego avaritiam frœnare, gulamque voracem:
  • Nunc periere mihi & fœtus & ipsa parens.

[From Defensio pro populo anglicano, 1651.]

In Salmasii Hundredam.

  • Quis expedivit Salmasio suam Hundredam,
  • Picamque docuit verba nostra conari?
  • Magister artis venter, et Jacobei
  • Centum exulantis viscera marsupii regis.
  • Quod si dolosi spes refulserit nummi,
  • Ipse, Antichristi modo qui primatum Papæ
  • Minatus uno est dissipare sufflatu,
  • Cantabit ultro Cardinalitium melos.

[From Defensio secunda, 1654.]

In Salmasium.

  • Gaudete scombri, et quicquid est piscium salo,
  • Qui frigida hyeme incolitis algentes freta!
  • Vestrum misertus ille Salmasius Eques
  • Bonus, amicire nuditatem cogitat;
  • Chartæque largus, apparat papyrinos
  • Vobis cucullos, præferentes Claudii
  • Insignia, nomenque et decus, Salmasii:
  • Gestetis ut per omne cetarium forum
  • Equitis clientes, scriniis mungentium
  • Cubito virorum, et capsulis, gratissimos.originalEd: 10
Edition: current; Page: [(143)]

SYLVARUM LIBER.

Anno ætatis 16. In obitum Procancellarii medici.

  • Parere fati discite legibus,
  • Manusque Parcæ jam date supplices,
  • Qui pendulum telluris orbem
  • Jäpeti colitis nepotes.
  • Vos si relicto mors vaga Tænaro
  • Semel vocârit flebilis, heu moræ
  • Tentantur incassùm dolique;
  • Per tenebras Stygis ire certum est.
  • Si destinatam pellere dextera
  • Mortem valeret, non ferus HerculesoriginalEd: 10
  • Nessi venenatus cruore
  • Æmathiâ jacuisset Œtâ.
  • Nec fraude turpi Palladis invidæ
  • Vidisset occisum Ilion Hectora, aut
  • Quem larva Pelidis peremit
  • Ense Locro, Jove lacrymante.
  • Si triste fatum verba Hecatëia
  • Fugare possint, Telegoni parens
  • Vixisset infamis, potentique
  • Ægiali soror usa virgâ.originalEd: 20
  • Numenque trinum fallere si queant
  • Artes medentûm, ignotaque gramina,
  • Non gnarus herbarum Machaon
  • Eurypyli cecidisset hastâ.
  • Læsisset & nec te Philyreie
  • Sagitta echidnæ perlita sanguine,
  • Nec tela te fulmenque avitum
  • Cæse puer genitricis alvo.
  • Tuque O alumno major Apolline,
  • Gentis togatæ cui regimen datum,originalEd: 30
  • Frondosa quem nunc Cirrha luget,
  • Et mediis Helicon in undis,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(144)]
  • Jam præfuisses Palladio gregi
  • Lætus, superstes, nec sine gloria,
  • Nec puppe lustrasses Charontis
  • Horribiles barathri recessus.
  • At fila rupit Persephone tua
  • Irata, cum te viderit artibus
  • Succoque pollenti tot atris
  • Faucibus eripuisse mortis.originalEd: 40
  • Colende præses, membra precor tua
  • Molli quiescant cespite, & ex tuo
  • Crescant rosæ, calthæque busto,
  • Purpureoque hyacinthus ore.
  • Sit mite de te judicium Æaci,
  • Subrideatque Ætnæa Proserpina,
  • Interque felices perennis
  • Elysio spatiere campo.

In quintum Novembris, Anno ætatis 17.

  • Jam pius extremâ veniens Jäcobus ab arcto
  • Teucrigenas populos, latéque patentia regna
  • Albionum tenuit, jamque inviolabile fœdus
  • Sceptra Caledoniis conjunxerat Anglica Scotis:
  • Pacificusque novo felix divesque sedebat
  • In solio, occultique doli securus & hostis:
  • Cum ferus ignifluo regnans Acheronte tyrannus,
  • Eumenidum pater, æthereo vagus exul Olympo,
  • Forte per immensum terrarum erraverat orbem,
  • Dinumerans sceleris socios, vernasque fideles,originalEd: 10
  • Participes regni post funera mœsta futuros;
  • Hic tempestates medio ciet aëre diras,
  • Illic unanimes odium struit inter amicos,
  • Armat & invictas in mutua viscera gentes;
  • Regnaque olivifera vertit florentia pace,
  • Et quoscunque videt puræ virtutis amantes,
  • Hos cupit adjicere imperio, fraudumque magister
  • Tentat inaccessum sceleri corrumpere pectus,
  • Insidiasque locat tacitas, cassesque latentes
  • Tendit, ut incautos rapiat, seu Caspia TigrisoriginalEd: 20
  • Insequitur trepidam deserta per avia prædam
  • Nocte sub illuni, & somno nictantibus astris.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(145)]
  • Talibus infestat populos Summanus & urbes
  • Cinctus cæruleæ fumanti turbine flammæ.
  • Jamque fluentisonis albentia rupibus arva
  • Apparent, & terra Deo dilecta marino,
  • Cui nomen dederat quondam Neptunia proles
  • Amphitryoniaden qui non dubitavit atrocem
  • Æquore tranato furiali poscere bello,
  • Ante expugnatæ crudelia sæcula Troiæ.originalEd: 30
  • At simul hanc opibusque & festâ pace beatam
  • Aspicit, & pingues donis Cerealibus agros,
  • Quodque magis doluit, venerantem numina veri
  • Sancta Dei populum, tandem suspiria rupit
  • Tartareos ignes & luridum olentia sulphur.
  • Qualia Trinacriâ trux ab Jove clausus in Ætna
  • Efflat tabifico monstrosus ab ore Tiphœus.
  • Ignescunt oculi, stridetque adamantinus ordo
  • Dentis, ut armorum fragor, ictaque cuspide cuspis.
  • Atque pererrato solum hoc lacrymabile mundooriginalEd: 40
  • Inveni, dixit, gens hæc mihi sola rebellis,
  • Contemtrixque jugi, nostrâque potentior arte.
  • Illa tamen, mea si quicquam tentamina possunt,
  • Non feret hoc impune diu, non ibit inulta,
  • Hactenus; & piceis liquido natat aëre pennis;
  • Quà volat, adversi præcursant agmine venti,
  • Densantur nubes, & crebra tonitrua fulgent.
  • Jamque pruinosas velox superaverat alpes,
  • Et tenet Ausoniæ fines, à parte sinistrâ
  • Nimbifer Appenninus erat, priscique Sabini,originalEd: 50
  • Dextra veneficiis infamis Hetruria, nec non
  • Te furtiva Tibris Thetidi videt oscula dantem;
  • Hinc Mavortigenæ consistit in arce Quirini.
  • Reddiderant dubiam jam sera crepuscula lucem,
  • Cum circumgreditur totam Tricoronifer urbem,
  • Panificosque Deos portat, scapulisque virorum
  • Evehitur, præeunt summisso poplite reges,
  • Et mendicantum series longissima fratrum;
  • Cereaque in manibus gestant funalia cæci,
  • Cimmeriis nati in tenebris, vitamque trahentes.
  • Templa dein multis subeunt lucentia tædis
  • (Vesper erat sacer iste Petro) fremitúsque canentum
  • Edition: current; Page: [(146)]
  • Sæpe tholos implet vacuos, & inane locorum.
  • Qualiter exululat Bromius, Bromiique caterva,
  • Orgia cantantes in Echionio Aracyntho,
  • Dum tremit attonitus vitreis Asopus in undis,
  • Et procul ipse cavâ responsat rupe Cithæron.
  • His igitur tandem solenni more peractis,
  • Nox senis amplexus Erebi taciturna reliquit,
  • Præcipitesque impellit equos stimulante flagello,originalEd: 70
  • Captum oculis Typhlonta, Melanchætemque ferocem,
  • Atque Acherontæo prognatam patre Siopen
  • Torpidam, & hirsutis horrentem Phrica capillis.
  • Interea regum domitor, Phlegetontius hæres,
  • Ingreditur thalamos (neque enim secretus adulter
  • Producit steriles molli sine pellice noctes)
  • At vix compositos somnus claudebat ocellos,
  • Cum niger umbrarum dominus, rectorque silentum,
  • Prædatorque hominum falsâ sub imagine tectus
  • Astitit, assumptis micuerunt tempora canis,originalEd: 80
  • Barba sinus promissa tegit, cineracea longo
  • Syrmate verrit humum vestis, pendetque cucullus
  • Vertice de raso, & ne quicquam desit ad artes,
  • Cannabeo lumbos constrinxit fune salaces.
  • Tarda fenestratis figens vestigia calceis.
  • Talis uti fama est, vastâ Franciscus eremo
  • Tetra vagabatur solus per lustra ferarum,
  • Sylvestrique tulit genti pia verba salutis
  • Impius, atque lupos domuit, Lybicosque leones.
  • Subdolus at tali Serpens velatus amictuoriginalEd: 90
  • Solvit in has fallax ora execrantia voces;
  • Dormis nate? Etiamne tuos sopor opprimit artus
  • Immemor O fidei, pecorumque oblite tuorum,
  • Dum cathedram venerande tuam, diademaque triplex
  • Ridet Hyperboreo gens barbara nata sub axe,
  • Dumque pharetrati spernunt tua jura Britanni;
  • Surge, age, surge piger, Latius quem Cæsar adorat,
  • Cui reserata patet convexi janua cæli,
  • Turgentes animos, & fastus frange procaces,
  • Sacrilegique sciant, tua quid maledictio possit,originalEd: 100
  • Et quid Apostolicæ possit custodia clavis;
  • Et memor Hesperæ disjectam ulciscere classem,
  • Mersaque Iberorum lato vexilla profundo,
  • Sanctorumque cruci tot corpora fixa probrosæ,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(147)]
  • Thermodoontéa nuper regnante puella.
  • At tu si tenero mavis torpescere lecto
  • Crescentesque negas hosti contundere vires,
  • Tyrrhenum implebit numeroso milite Pontum,
  • Signaque Aventino ponet fulgentia colle:
  • Relliquias veterum franget, flammisque cremabit,originalEd: 110
  • Sacraque calcabit pedibus tua colla profanis,
  • Cujus gaudebant soleis dare basia reges.
  • Nec tamen hunc bellis & aperto Marte lacesses,
  • Irritus ille labor, tu callidus utere fraude,
  • Quælibet hæreticis disponere retia fas est;
  • Jamque ad consilium extremis rex magnus ab oris
  • Patricios vocat, & procerum de stirpe creatos,
  • Grandævosque patres trabeâ, canisque verendos;
  • Hos tu membratim poteris conspergere in auras,
  • Atque dare in cineres, nitrati pulveris igneoriginalEd: 120
  • Ædibus injecto, quà convenere, sub imis.
  • Protinus ipse igitur quoscumque habet Anglia fidos
  • Propositi, factique mone, quisquámne tuorum
  • Audebit summi non jussa facessere Papæ.
  • Perculsosque metu subito, casúque stupentes
  • Invadat vel Gallus atrox, vel sævus Iberus.
  • Sæcula sic illic tandem Mariana redibunt,
  • Tuque in belligeros iterum dominaberis Anglos.
  • Et nequid timeas, divos divasque secundas
  • Accipe, quotque tuis celebrantur numina fastis.originalEd: 130
  • Dixit & adscitos ponens malefidus amictus
  • Fugit ad infandam, regnum illætabile, Lethen.
  • Jam rosea Eoas pandens Tithonia portas
  • Vestit inauratas redeunti lumine terras;
  • Mæstaque adhuc nigri deplorans funera nati
  • Irrigat ambrosiis montana cacumina guttis;
  • Cum somnos pepulit stellatæ janitor aulæ
  • Nocturnos visus, & somnia grata revolvens.
  • Est locus æternâ septus caligine noctis
  • Vasta ruinosi quondam fundamina tecti,originalEd: 140
  • Nunc torvi spelunca Phoni, Prodotæque bilinguis
  • Effera quos uno peperit Discordia partu.
  • Hic inter cæmenta jacent semifractaque saxa,
  • Ossa inhumata virûm, & trajecta cadavera ferro;
  • Edition: current; Page: [(148)]
  • Hic Dolus intortis semper sedet ater ocellis,
  • Jurgiaque, & stimulis armata Calumnia fauces,
  • Et Furor, atque viæ moriendi mille videntur,
  • Et Timor, exanguisque locum circumvolat Horror,
  • Perpetuoque leves per muta silentia Manes
  • Exululant, tellus & sanguine conscia stagnat.originalEd: 150
  • Ipsi etiam pavidi latitant penetralibus antri
  • Et Phonos, & Prodotes, nulloque sequente per antrum
  • Antrum horrens, scopulosum, atrum feralibus umbris
  • Diffugiunt sontes, & retrò lumina vortunt,
  • Hos pugiles Romæ per sæcula longa fideles
  • Evocat antistes Babylonius, atque ita fatur.
  • Finibus occiduis circumfusum incolit æquor
  • Gens exosa mihi, prudens natura negavit
  • Indignam penitùs nostro conjungere mundo:
  • Illuc, sic jubeo, celeri contendite gressu,originalEd: 160
  • Tartareoque leves difflentur pulvere in auras
  • Et rex & pariter satrapæ, scelerata propago
  • Et quotquot fidei caluere cupidine veræ
  • Consilii socios adhibete, operisque ministros.
  • Finierat, rigidi cupidè paruere gemelli.
  • Interea longo flectens curvamine cælos
  • Despicit æthereâ dominus qui fulgurat arce,
  • Vanaque perversæ ridet conamina turbæ,
  • Atque sui causam populi volet ipse tueri.
  • Esse ferunt spatium, quà distat ab Aside terraoriginalEd: 170
  • Fertilis Europe, & spectat Mareotidas undas;
  • Hic turris posita est Titanidos ardua Famæ
  • Ærea, lata, sonans, rutilis vicinior astris
  • Quàm superimpositum vel Athos vel Pelion Ossæ
  • Mille fores aditusque patent, totidemque fenestræ,
  • Amplaque per tenues translucent atria muros;
  • Excitat hic varios plebs agglomerata susurros;
  • Qualiter instrepitant circum mulctralia bombis
  • Agmina muscarum, aut texto per ovilia junco,
  • Dum Canis æstivum cœli petit ardua culmenoriginalEd: 180
  • Ipsa quidem summâ sedet ultrix matris in arce,
  • Auribus innumeris cinctum caput eminet olli,
  • Queis sonitum exiguum trahit, atque levissima captat
  • Murmura, ab extremis patuli confinibus orbis.
  • Nec tot Aristoride servator inique juvencæ
  • Edition: current; Page: [(149)]
  • Isidos, immiti volvebas lumina vultu,
  • Lumina non unquam tacito nutantia somno,
  • Lumina subjectas late spectantia terras.
  • Istis illa solet loca luce carentia sæpe
  • Perlustrare, etiam radianti impervia soli.originalEd: 190
  • Millenisque loquax auditaque visaque linguis
  • Cuilibet effundit temeraria, veráque mendax
  • Nunc minuit, modò confictis sermonibus auget.
  • Sed tamen a nostro meruisti carmine laudes
  • Fama, bonum quo non aliud veracius ullum,
  • Nobis digna cani, nec te memorasse pigebit
  • Carmine tam longo, servati scilicet Angli
  • Officiis vaga diva tuis, tibi reddimus æqua.
  • Te Deus æternos motu qui temperat ignes,
  • Fulmine præmisso alloquitur, terrâque tremente:originalEd: 200
  • Fama siles? an te latet impia Papistarum
  • Conjurata cohors in meque meosque Britannos,
  • Et nova sceptrigero cædes meditata Jäcobo:
  • Nec plura, illa statim sensit mandata Tonantis,
  • Et satis antè fugax stridentes induit alas,
  • Induit & variis exilia corpora plumis;
  • Dextra tubam gestat Temesæo ex ære sonoram.
  • Nec mora jam pennis cedentes remigat auras,
  • Atque parum est cursu celeres prævertere nubes,
  • Jam ventos, jam solis equos post terga reliquit:originalEd: 210
  • Et primò Angliacas solito de more per urbes
  • Ambiguas voces, incertaque murmura spargit,
  • Mox arguta dolos, & detestabile vulgat
  • Proditionis opus, nec non facta horrida dictu,
  • Authoresque addit sceleris, nec garrula cæcis
  • Insidiis loca structa silet; stupuere relatis,
  • Et pariter juvenes, pariter tremuere puellæ,
  • Effætique senes pariter, tantæque ruinæ
  • Sensus ad ætatem subitò penetraverat omnem
  • Attamen interea populi miserescit ab altooriginalEd: 220
  • Æthereus pater, & crudelibus obstitit ausis
  • Papicolûm; capti pœnas raptantur ad acres;
  • At pia thura Deo, & grati solvuntur honores;
  • Compita læta focis genialibus omnia fumant;
  • Turba choros juvenilis agit: Quintoque Novembris
  • Nulla Dies toto occurrit celebratior anno.
Edition: current; Page: [(150)]

Anno ætatis 17. In obitum Præsulis Eliensis.

  • Adhuc madentes rore squalebant genæ,
  • Et sicca nondum lumina
  • Adhuc liquentis imbre turgebant salis,
  • Quem nuper effudi pius,
  • Dum mœsta charo justa persolvi rogo
  • Wintoniensis præsulis.
  • Cum centilinguis Fama (proh semper mali
  • Cladisque vera nuntia)
  • Spargit per urbes divitis Britanniæ,
  • Populosque Neptuno satos,originalEd: 10
  • Cessisse morti, & ferreis sororibus
  • Te generis humani decus,
  • Qui rex sacrorum illâ fuisti in insulâ
  • Quæ nomen Anguillæ tenet.
  • Tunc inquietum pectus irâ protinus
  • Ebulliebat fervidâ,
  • Tumulis potentem sæpe devovens deam:
  • Nec vota Naso in Ibida
  • Concepit alto diriora pectore,
  • Graiusque vates parciùsoriginalEd: 20
  • Turpem Lycambis execratus est dolum,
  • Sponsamque Neobolen suam.
  • At ecce diras ipse dum fundo graves,
  • Et imprecor neci necem,
  • Audisse tales videor attonitus sonos
  • Leni, sub aurâ, flamine:
  • Cæcos furores pone, pone vitream
  • Bilemque & irritas minas,
  • Quid temerè violas non nocenda numina,
  • Subitoque ad iras percita.originalEd: 30
  • Non est, ut arbitraris elusus miser,
  • Mors atra Noctis filia,
  • Erebóve patre creta, sive Erinnye,
  • Vastóve nata sub Chao:
  • Ast illa cælo missa stellato, Dei
  • Messes ubique colligit;
  • Edition: current; Page: [(151)]
  • Animasque mole carneâ reconditas
  • In lucem & auras evocat;
  • Ut cum fugaces excitant Horæ diem
  • Themidos Jovisque filiæ;originalEd: 40
  • Et sempiterni ducit ad vultus patris;
  • At justa raptat impios
  • Sub regna furvi luctuosa Tartari,
  • Sedesque subterraneas
  • Hanc ut vocantem lætus audivi, citò
  • Fœdum reliqui carcerem,
  • Volatilesque faustus inter milites
  • Ad astra sublimis feror:
  • Vates ut olim raptus ad cœlum senex
  • Auriga currus ignei,originalEd: 50
  • Non me Boötis terruere lucidi
  • Sarraca tarda frigore, aut
  • Formidolosi Scorpionis brachia,
  • Non ensis Orion tuus.
  • Prætervolavi fulgidi solis globum,
  • Longéque sub pedibus deam
  • Vidi triformem, dum coercebat suos
  • Frænis dracones aureis.
  • Erraticorum syderum per ordines,
  • Per lacteas vehor plagas,originalEd: 60
  • Velocitatem sæpe miratus novam,
  • Donec nitentes ad fores
  • Ventum est Olympi, & regiam Crystallinam, &
  • Stratum smaragdis Atrium.
  • Sed hic tacebo, nam quis effari queat
  • Oriundus humano patre
  • Amœnitates illius loci, mihi
  • Sat est in æternum frui.

Naturam non pati senium.

  • Heu quàm perpetuis erroribus acta fatiscit
  • Avia mens hominum, tenebrisque immersa profundis
  • Œdipodioniam volvit sub pectore noctem!
  • Quæ vesana suis metiri facta deorum
  • Audet, & incisas leges adamante perenni
  • Edition: current; Page: [(152)]
  • Assimilare suis, nulloque solubile sæclo
  • Consilium fati perituris alligat horis.
  • Ergóne marcescet sulcantibus obsita rugis
  • Naturæ facies, & rerum publica mater
  • Omniparum contracta uterum sterilescet ab ævo?originalEd: 10
  • Et se fassa senem malè certis passibus ibit
  • Sidereum tremebunda caput? num tetra vetustas
  • Annorumque æterna fames, squalorque situsque
  • Sidera vexabunt? an & insatiabile Tempus
  • Esuriet Cælum, rapietque in viscera patrem?
  • Heu, potuitne suas imprudens Jupiter arces
  • Hoc contra munisse nefas, & Temporis isto
  • Exemisse malo, gyrosque dedisse perennes?
  • Ergo erit ut quandoque sono dilapsa tremendo
  • Convexi tabulata ruant, atque obvius ictuoriginalEd: 20
  • Stridat uterque polus, superâque ut Olympius aulâ
  • Decidat, horribilisque retectâ Gorgone Pallas.
  • Qualis in Ægæam proles Junonia Lemnon
  • Deturbata sacro cecidit de limine cæli.
  • Tu quoque Phœbe tui casus imitabere nati
  • Præcipiti curru, subitáque ferere ruinâ
  • Pronus, & extinctâ fumabit lampade Nereus,
  • Et dabit attonito feralia sibila ponto.
  • Tunc etiam aërei divulsis sedibus Hæmi
  • Dissultabit apex, imoque allisa barathrooriginalEd: 30
  • Terrebunt Stygium dejecta Ceraunia Ditem
  • In superos quibus usus erat, fraternaque bella.
  • At Pater omnipotens fundatis fortius astris
  • Consuluit rerum summæ, certoque peregit
  • Pondere fatorum lances, atque ordine summo
  • Singula perpetuum jussit servare tenorem.
  • Volvitur hinc lapsu mundi rota prima diurno;
  • Raptat & ambitos sociâ vertigine cælos.
  • Tardior haud solito Saturnus, & acer ut olim
  • Fulmineum rutilat cristatâ casside Mavors.originalEd: 40
  • Floridus æternùm Phœbus juvenile coruscat,
  • Nec fovet effœtas loca per declivia terras
  • Devexo temone Deus; sed semper amicá
  • Luce potens eadem currit per signa rotarum,
  • Surgit odoratis pariter formosus ab Indis
  • Æthereum pecus albenti qui cogit Olympo
  • Mane vocans, & serus agens in pascua cæli,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(153)]
  • Temporis & gemino dispertit regna colore.
  • Fulget, obitque vices alterno Delia cornu,
  • Cæruleumque ignem paribus complectitur ulnis.originalEd: 50
  • Nec variant elementa fidem, solitóque fragore
  • Lurida perculsas jaculantur fulmina rupes.
  • Nec per inane furit leviori murmure Corus,
  • Stringit & armiferos æquali horrore Gelonos
  • Trux Aquilo, spiratque hyemem, nimbosque volutat.
  • Utque solet, Siculi diverberat ima Pelori
  • Rex maris, & raucâ circumstrepit æquora conchâ
  • Oceani Tubicen, nec vastâ mole minorem
  • Ægæona ferunt dorso Balearica cete.
  • Sed neque Terra tibi sæcli vigor ille vetustioriginalEd: 60
  • Priscus abest, servatque suum Narcissus odorem,
  • Et puer ille suum tenet & puer ille decorem
  • Phœbe tuusque & Cypri tuus, nec ditior olim
  • Terra datum sceleri celavit montibus aurum
  • Conscia, vel sub aquis gemmas. Sic denique in ævum
  • Ibit cunctarum series justissima rerum,
  • Donec flamma orbem populabitur ultima, latè
  • Circumplexa polos, & vasti culmina cæli;
  • Ingentique rogo flagrabit machina mundi.

De Idea Platonica quemadmodum Aristoteles intellexit.

  • Dicite sacrorum præsides nemorum deæ,
  • Tuque O noveni perbeata numinis
  • Memoria mater, quæque in immenso procul
  • Antro recumbis otiosa Æternitas,
  • Monumenta servans, & ratas leges Jovis,
  • Cælique fastos atque ephemeridas Deûm,
  • Quis ille primus cujus ex imagine
  • Natura sollers finxit humanum genus,
  • Æternus, incorruptus, æquævus polo,
  • Unusque & universus, exemplar Dei?originalEd: 10
  • Haud ille Palladis gemellus innubæ
  • Interna proles insidet menti Jovis;
  • Sed quamlibet natura sit communior,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(154)]
  • Tamen seorsùs extat ad morem unius,
  • Et, mira, certo stringitur spatio loci;
  • Seu sempiternus ille syderum comes
  • Cæli pererrat ordines decemplicis,
  • Citimúmve terris incolit Lunæ globum:
  • Sive inter animas corpus adituras sedens
  • Obliviosas torpet ad Lethes aquas:originalEd: 20
  • Sive in remotâ forte terrarum plagâ
  • Incedit ingens hominis archetypus gigas,
  • Et diis tremendus erigit celsum caput
  • Atlante major portitore syderum.
  • Non cui profundum cæcitas lumen dedit
  • Dircæus augur vidit hunc alto sinu;
  • Non hunc silenti nocte Plëones nepos
  • Vatum sagaci præpes ostendit choro;
  • Non hunc sacerdos novit Assyrius, licet
  • Longos vetusti commemoret atavos Nini,originalEd: 30
  • Priscumque Belon, inclytumque Osiridem.
  • Non ille trino gloriosus nomine
  • Ter magnus Hermes (ut sit arcani sciens)
  • Talem reliquit Isidis cultoribus.
  • At tu perenne ruris Academi decus
  • (Hæc monstra si tu primus induxti scholis)
  • Jam jam pöetas urbis exules tuæ
  • Revocabis, ipse fabulator maximus,
  • Aut institutor ipse migrabis foras.

Ad Patrem.

  • Nunc mea Pierios cupiam per pectora fontes
  • Irriguas torquere vias, totumque per ora
  • Volvere laxatum gemino de vertice rivum;
  • Ut tenues oblita sonos audacibus alis
  • Surgat in officium venerandi Musa parentis.
  • Hoc utcunque tibi gratum pater optime carmen
  • Exiguum meditatur opus, nec novimus ipsi
  • Aptiùs à nobis quæ possint munera donis
  • Respondere tuis, quamvis nec maxima possint
  • Respondere tuis, nedum ut par gratia donisoriginalEd: 10
  • Esse queat, vacuis quæ redditur arida verbis.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(155)]
  • Sed tamen hæc nostros ostendit pagina census,
  • Et quod habemus opum chartâ numeravimus istâ,
  • Quæ mihi sunt nullæ, nisi quas dedit aurea Clio
  • Quas mihi semoto somni peperere sub antro,
  • Et nemoris laureta sacri Parnassides umbræ.
  • Nec tu vatis opus divinum despice carmen,
  • Quo nihil æthereos ortus, & semina cæli,
  • Nil magis humanam commendat origine mentem,
  • Sancta Promethéæ retinens vestigia flammæ.originalEd: 20
  • Carmen amant superi, tremebundaque Tartara carmen
  • Ima ciere valet, divosque ligare profundos,
  • Et triplici duros Manes adamante coercet.
  • Carmine sepositi retegunt arcana futuri
  • Phœbades, & tremulæ pallentes ora Sibyllæ;
  • Carmina sacrificus solennes pangit ad aras
  • Aurea seu sternit motantem cornua taurum;
  • Seu cùm fata sagax fumantibus abdita fibris
  • Consulit, & tepidis Parcam scrutatur in extis.
  • Nos etiam patrium tunc cum repetemus Olympum,originalEd: 30
  • Æternæque moræ stabunt immobilis ævi,
  • Ibimus auratis per cæli templa coronis,
  • Dulcia suaviloquo sociantes carmina plectro,
  • Astra quibus, geminique poli convexa sonabunt.
  • Spiritus & rapidos qui circinat igneus orbes.
  • Nunc quoque sydereis intercinit ipse choreis
  • Immortale melos, & inenarrabile carmen;
  • Torrida dum rutilus compescit sibila serpens,
  • Demissoque ferox gladio mansuescit Orion;
  • Stellarum nec sentit onus Maurusius Atlas.originalEd: 40
  • Carmina regales epulas ornare solebant,
  • Cum nondum luxus, vastæque immensa vorago
  • Nota gulæ, & modico spumabat cœna Lyæo.
  • Tum de more sedens festa ad convivia vates
  • Æsculeâ intonsos redimitus ab arbore crines,
  • Heroumque actus, imitandaque gesta canebat,
  • Et chaos, & positi latè fundamina mundi,
  • Reptantesque Deos, & alentes numina glandes,
  • Et nondum Ætneo quæsitum fulmen ab antro.
  • Denique quid vocis modulamen inane juvabit,originalEd: 50
  • Verborum sensusque vacans, numerique loquacis?
  • Silvestres decet iste choros, non Orphea cantus,
  • Qui tenuit fluvios & quercubus addidit aures
  • Edition: current; Page: [(156)]
  • Carmine, non citharâ, simulachraque functa canendo
  • Compulit in lacrymas; habet has à carmine laudes.
  • Nec tu perge precor sacras contemnere Musas,
  • Nec vanas inopesque puta, quarum ipse peritus
  • Munere, mille sonos numeros componis ad aptos,
  • Millibus & vocem modulis variare canoram
  • Doctus, Arionii meritò sis nominis hæres.originalEd: 60
  • Nunc tibi quid mirum, si me genuisse poëtam
  • Contigerit, charo si tam propè sanguine juncti
  • Cognatas artes, studiumque affine sequamur:
  • Ipse volens Phœbus se dispertire duobus,
  • Altera dona mihi, dedit altera dona parenti,
  • Dividuumque Deum genitorque puerque tenemus.
  • Tu tamen ut simules teneras odisse camœnas,
  • Non odisse reor, neque enim, pater, ire jubebas
  • Quà via lata patet, quà pronior area lucri,
  • Certaque condendi fulget spes aurea nummi:originalEd: 70
  • Nec rapis ad leges, malè custoditaque gentis
  • Jura, nec insulsis damnas clamoribus aures.
  • Sed magis excultam cupiens ditescere mentem,
  • Me procul urbano strepitu, secessibus altis
  • Abductum Aoniæ jucunda per otia ripæ
  • Phœbæo lateri comitem sinis ire beatum.
  • Officium chari taceo commune parentis,
  • Me poscunt majora, tuo pater optime sumptu
  • Cùm mihi Romuleæ patuit facundia linguæ,
  • Et Latii veneres, & quæ Jovis ora decebantoriginalEd: 80
  • Grandia magniloquis elata vocabula Graiis,
  • Addere suasisti quos jactat Gallia flores,
  • Et quam degeneri novus Italus ore loquelam
  • Fundit, Barbaricos testatus voce tumultus,
  • Quæque Palæstinus loquitur mysteria vates.
  • Denique quicquid habet cælum, subjectaque cœlo
  • Terra parens, terræque & cœlo interfluus aer,
  • Quicquid & unda tegit, pontique agitabile marmor,
  • Per te nosse licet, per te, si nosse libebit.
  • Dimotáque venit spectanda scientia nube,originalEd: 90
  • Nudaque conspicuos inclinat ad oscula vultus,
  • Ni fugisse velim, ni sit libâsse molestum.
  • I nunc, confer opes quisquis malesanus avitas
  • Austriaci gazas, Perüanaque regna præoptas.
  • Quæ potuit majora pater tribuisse, vel ipse
  • Edition: current; Page: [(157)]
  • Jupiter, excepto, donâsset ut omnia, cœlo?
  • Non potiora dedit, quamvis & tuta fuissent,
  • Publica qui juveni commisit lumina nato
  • Atque Hyperionios currus, & fræna diei,
  • Et circùm undantem radiatâ luce tiaram.originalEd: 100
  • Ergo ego jam doctæ pars quamlibet ima catervæ
  • Victrices hederas inter, laurosque sedebo,
  • Jamque nec obscurus populo miscebor inerti,
  • Vitabuntque oculos vestigia nostra profanos.
  • Este procul vigiles curæ, procul este querelæ,
  • Invidiæque acies transverso tortilis hirquo,
  • Sæva nec anguiferos extende Calumnia rictus;
  • In me triste nihil fædissima turba potestis,
  • Nec vestri sum juris ego; securaque tutus
  • Pectora, vipereo gradiar sublimis ab ictu.originalEd: 110
  • At tibi, chare pater, postquam non æqua merenti
  • Posse referre datur, nec dona rependere factis,
  • Sit memorâsse satis, repetitaque munera grato
  • Percensere animo, fidæque reponere menti.
  • Et vos, O nostri, juvenilia carmina, lusus,
  • Si modo perpetuos sperare audebitis annos,
  • Et domini superesse rogo, lucemque tueri,
  • Nec spisso rapient oblivia nigra sub Orco,
  • Forsitan has laudes, decantatumque parentis
  • Nomen, ad exemplum, sero servabitis ævo.originalEd: 120

Psalm 114.

  • Ισραὴλ ὅτε παɩ̂δες, ὅτ’ ἀγλαὰ ϕν̂λ’ Ἰακωβου
  • Αιγύπτιον λίπε δη̂μον, ἀπεχθέα, βαρβαρόϕωνον,
  • Δὴ τότε μον̂νον ἔην ὅσιον γένος υἷες Ἰον̂δα·
  • Εν δ[Editor: illegible character] θεὸς λαοɩ̂σι μέγα κρείων βασίλευεν.
  • Εἷδε, καὶ ἐντροπάδην ϕύγαδ’ ἐῤῥωησε θάλασσα
  • Κύματι εἰλυμύνη ῥοθίῳ, ὁδ’ ἄρ’ ἐστυϕελίχθη
  • Ἱρὸς Ἰορδάνης ποτὶ ἀργυροειδέα πηγὴν.
  • Εκ δ’ ὄρεα σκαρθμοɩ̂σιν ἀπειρέσια κλονέοντο,
  • Ως κριοὶ σϕριγόωντες ἐῡτραϕερω̂ ἐν ἀλωη̂.
  • Βαιότεραι δ’ ἅμα πάσαι ἀνασκίρτησαν ἐρίπναι,originalEd: 10
  • Οἷα παραὶ σύριγγι ϕίλῃ ὑπὸ μητέρι ἀρνες.
  • Τίπτε σύγ’ αἰνὰ θάλασσα πέλωρ ϕύγαδ’ ἐῤῥώησας;
  • Edition: current; Page: [(158)]
  • Κύματι είλυμένη ῥοθίφ; τί δ’ ἄρ’ ἐστνϕελίχθης
  • Ἱρὸς Ἰορδάνη ποτὶ ἀργυροειδέα πηγὴν;
  • Τίπτ’ ὄρεα σκαρθμοɩ̂σιν ἀπειρέσια κλονέεσθ[Editor: illegible character]
  • Ως κριοὶ σϕριγόωντες ἐῡτραϕερω̂ ἐα ἀλωη̂;
  • Βαιοτέραι τί δ’ αρ’ ὑμμως ἀνασκιρτησατ’ ἐρίπναι,
  • Οἷα παραὶ σύριγγι ϕίλῃ ὑπὸ μητέρι ἄρνες,
  • Σείεο γαɩ̂α τρέουσα θεὸν μεγάλ’ ἐκτυπέοντα
  • Γαɩ̂α, θεὸν τρείουσ’ ὕπατον σέβας ἸσσακίδαοoriginalEd: 20
  • Ὁς τε καὶ ἐκ σπιλάδων ποταμοὺς χέε μορμύροντας,
  • Κρήνηντ’ ἀέναον πέτρης ἀπὸ δακρυοέσσης.

Philosophus ad regem quendam qui eum ignotum & insontem inter reos forte captum inscius damnaverat τὴν ἐπὶ θανάτῳ πορευόμενος, hæc subito misit.

  • Ω ἄνα εἰ ὀλέσης με τὸν ἔννομον, οὐδέ τιν’ ἀνδρω̂ν
  • Δεινὸν ὅλως δράσαντα, σοϕώτατον ἴσθι κάρηνον
  • Ρηῑδίως ἀϕέλοιο, τὸδ’ ὕστερον αὐθι νοήσεις,
  • Μαψ ἂντως δ’ ἀρ’ ἔπειτα χρόνω μαλα πολλὸν ὀδύρῃ,
  • Τοιόνδ’ ἐκ πόλεως περιώνυμον ἄλκαρ ὀλέσσας.

In Effigiei ejus Sculptorem.

  • Ἀμαθεɩ̂ γεγράϕθαι χειρὶ τήνδε μ[Editor: illegible character]ν εἰκόνα
  • Φαίῃς τάχ’ ἂν, πρὸς είδος αὐτοϕυ[Editor: illegible character]ς βλέπων·
  • Τὸν δ’ ἐκτυπωτὸν οὐκ ἐπιγνόντες, ϕίλοι,
  • Γελα̂τε ϕαύλου δυσμίμημα ζωγράϕου.

Ad Salsillum poetam Romanum ægrotantem.
SCAZONTES.

  • O musa gressum quæ volens trahis claudum,
  • Vulcanioque tarda gaudes incessu,
  • Nec sentis illud in loco minus gratum,

4 Μαψιδίως δ’ ἀρ ἔπειτα τεὸν πρὸς θυμὸν ὀδνρη̂ 1673

Edition: current; Page: [(159)]
  • Quàm cùm decentes flava Dëiope suras
  • Alternat aureum ante Junonis lectum,
  • Adesdum & hæc s’is verba pauca Salsillo
  • Refer, camœna nostra cui tantum est cordi,
  • Quamque ille magnis prætulit immeritò divis.
  • Hæc ergo alumnus ille Londini Milto,
  • Diebus hisce qui suum linquens nidumoriginalEd: 10
  • Polique tractum, (pessimus ubi ventorum,
  • Insanientis impotensque pulmonis
  • Pernix anhela sub Jove exercet flabra)
  • Venit feraces Itali soli ad glebas,
  • Visum superbâ cognitas urbes famâ
  • Virosque doctæque indolem juventutis,
  • Tibi optat idem hic fausta multa Salsille,
  • Habitumque fesso corpori penitùs sanum;
  • Cui nunc profunda bilis infestat renes,
  • Præcordiisque fixa damnosùm spirat.originalEd: 20
  • Nec id pepercit impia quòd tu Romano
  • Tam cultus ore Lesbium condis melos.
  • O dulce divûm munus, O salus Hebes
  • Germana! Tuque Phœbe morborum terror
  • Pythone cæso, sive tu magis Pæan
  • Libenter audis, hic tuus sacerdos est.
  • Querceta Fauni, vosque rore vinoso
  • Colles benigni, mitis Euandri sedes,
  • Siquid salubre vallibus frondet vestris,
  • Levamen ægro ferte certatim vati.originalEd: 30
  • Sic ille charis redditus rursùm Musis
  • Vicina dulci prata mulcebit cantu.
  • Ipse inter atros emirabitur lucos
  • Numa, ubi beatum degit otium æternum,
  • Suam reclivis semper Ægeriam spectans.
  • Tumidusque & ipse Tibris hinc delinitus
  • Spei favebit annuæ colonorum:
  • Nec in sepulchris ibit obsessum reges
  • Nimiùm sinistro laxus irruens loro:
  • Sed fræna melius temperabit undarum,originalEd: 40
  • Adusque curvi salsa regna Portumni.
Edition: current; Page: [(160)]

Miscellaneous Poems.

Mansus.

Joannes Baptista Mansus Marchio Villensis vir ingenii laude, tum literarum studio, nec non & bellicâ virtute apud Italos clarus in primis est. Ad quem Torquati Tassi dialogus extat de Amicitia scriplus; erat enim Tassi amicissimus; ab quo etiam inter Campaniœ principes celebratur, in illo poemate cui titulus Gerusalemme conquistata, lib. 20.

  • Fra cavalier magnanimi, è cortesi
  • Risplende il Manso—

Is authorem Neapoli commorantem summâ benevolentiâ prosecutus est, multaque ei detulit humanitatis officia. Ad hunc itaque hospes ille antequam ab eâ urbe discederet, ut ne ingratum se ostenderet, hoc carmen misit.

  • Hæc quoque Manse tuæ meditantur carmina laudi
  • Pierides, tibi Manse choro notissime Phœbi,
  • Quandoquidem ille alium haud æquo est dignatus honore,
  • Post Galli cineres, & Mecænatis Hetrusci.
  • Tu quoque si nostræ tantùm valet aura Camœnæ,
  • Victrices hederas inter, laurosque sedebis.
  • Te pridem magno felix concordia Tasso
  • Junxit, & æternis inscripsit nomina chartis,
  • Mox tibi dulciloquum non inscia Musa Marinum
  • Tradidit, ille tuum dici se gaudet alumnum,originalEd: 10
  • Dum canit Assyrios divûm prolixus amores;
  • Mollis & Ausonias stupefecit carmine nymphas.
  • Ille itidem moriens tibi soli debita vates
  • Ossa tibi soli, supremaque vota reliquit.
  • Nec manes pietas tua chara fefellit amici,
  • Vidimus arridentem operoso ex ære poetam.
  • Nec satis hoc visum est in utrumque, & nec pia cessant
  • Officia in tumulo, cupis integros rapere Orco,
  • Quà potes, atque avidas Parcarum eludere leges:
  • Amborum genus, & variâ sub sorte peractamoriginalEd: 20
  • Describis vitam, moresque, & dona Minervæ;
  • Æmulus illius Mycalen qui natus ad altam
  • Rettulit Æolii vitam facundus Homeri.
  • Ergo ego te Cliûs & magni nomine Phœbi
  • Manse pater, jubeo longum salvere per ævum
  • Missus Hyperboreo juvenis peregrinus ab axe.
  • Nec tu longinquam bonus aspernabere Musam,
  • Quæ nuper gelidâ vix enutrita sub Arcto
  • Edition: current; Page: [(161)]
  • Imprudens Italas ausa est volitare per urbes.
  • Nos etiam in nostro modulantes flumine cygnosoriginalEd: 30
  • Credimus obscuras noctis sensisse per umbras,
  • Quà Thamesis latè puris argenteus urnis
  • Oceani glaucos perfundit gurgite crines.
  • Quin & in has quondam pervenit Tityrus oras.
  • Sed neque nos genus incultum, nec inutile Phœbo,
  • Quà plaga septeno mundi sulcata Trione
  • Brumalem patitur longâ sub nocte Boöten.
  • Nos etiam colimus Phœbum, nos munera Phœbo
  • Flaventes spicas, & lutea mala canistris,
  • Halantemque crocum (perhibet nisi vana vetustas)originalEd: 40
  • Misimus, & lectas Druidum de gente choreas.
  • (Gens Druides antiqua sacris operata deorum
  • Heroum laudes imitandaque gesta canebant)
  • Hinc quoties festo cingunt altaria cantu
  • Delo in herbosâ Graiæ de more puellæ
  • Carminibus lætis memorant Corineïda Loxo,
  • Fatidicamque Upin, cum flavicomâ Hecaërge
  • Nuda Caledonio variatas pectora fuco.
  • Fortunate senex, ergo quacunque per orbem
  • Torquati decus, & nomen celebrabitur ingens,originalEd: 50
  • Claraque perpetui succrescet fama Marini,
  • Tu quoque in ora frequens venies plausumque virorum,
  • Et parili carpes iter immortale volatu.
  • Dicetur tum sponte tuos habitasse penates
  • Cynthius, & famulas venisse ad limina Musas:
  • At non sponte domum tamen idem, & regis adivit
  • Rura Pheretiadæ cælo fugitivus Apollo;
  • Ille licet magnum Alciden susceperat hospes;
  • Tantùm ubi clamosos placuit vitare bubulcos,
  • Nobile mansueti cessit Chironis in antrum,originalEd: 60
  • Irriguos inter saltus frondosaque tecta
  • Peneium prope rivum: ibi sæpe sub ilice nigrâ
  • Ad citharæ strepitum blandâ prece victus amici
  • Exilii duros lenibat voce labores.
  • Tum neque ripa suo, barathro nec fixa sub imo,
  • Saxa stetere loco, nutat Trachinia rupes,
  • Nec sentit solitas, immania pondera, silvas,
  • Emotæque suis properant de collibus orni,
  • Mulcenturque novo maculosi carmine lynces.
  • Diis dilecte senex, te Jupiter æquus oportetoriginalEd: 70
  • Edition: current; Page: [(162)]
  • Nascentem, & miti lustrarit lumine Phœbus,
  • Atlantisque nepos; neque enim nisi charus ab ortu
  • Diis superis poterit magno favisse poetae.
  • Hinc longæva tibi lento sub flore senectus
  • Vernat, & Æsonios lucratur vivida fusos,
  • Nondum deciduos servans tibi frontis honores,
  • Ingeniumque vigens, & adultum mentis acumen.
  • O mihi si mea sors talem concedat amicum
  • Phœbæos decorâsse viros qui tam bene norit,
  • Si quando indigenas revocabo in carmina reges,originalEd: 80
  • Arturumque etiam sub terris bella moventem;
  • Aut dicam invictæ sociali fœdere mensæ,
  • Magnanimos Heroas, & (O modo spiritus ad sit)
  • Frangam Saxonicas Britonum sub Marte phalanges.
  • Tandem ubi non tacitæ permensus tempora vitæ,
  • Annorumque satur cineri sua jura relinquam,
  • Ille mihi lecto madidis astaret ocellis,
  • Astanti sat erit si dicam sim tibi curæ;
  • Ille meos artus liventi morte solutos
  • Curaret parvâ componi molliter urnâ.originalEd: 90
  • Forsitan & nostros ducat de marmore vultus,
  • Nectens aut Paphiâ myrti aut Parnasside lauri
  • Fronde comas, at ego securâ pace quiescam.
  • Tum quoque, si qua fides, si præmia certa bonorum,
  • Ipse ego cælicolûm semotus in æthera divûm,
  • Quò labor & mens pura vehunt, atque ignea virtus
  • Secreti hæc aliquâ mundi de parte videbo
  • (Quantum fata sinunt) & totâ mente serenùm
  • Ridens purpureo suffundar lumine vultus
  • Et simul æthereo plaudam mihi lætus Olympo.originalEd: 100
Edition: current; Page: [(163)]

Epitaphium Damonis.

EPITAPHIUM DAMONIS.
Argumentum.

Thyrsis & Damon ejusdem viciniæ Pastores, eadem studia sequuti a pueritiâ amici erant, ut qui plurimùm. Thyrsis animi causâ profectus peregrè de obitu Damonis nuncium accepit. Domum postea reversus, & rem ita esse comperto, se, suamque solitudinem hoc carmine deplorat. Damonis autem sub personâ hic intelligitur Carolus Deodatus ex urbe Hetruriæ Luca paterno genere oriundus, cætera Anglus; ingenio, doctrina, clarissimisque cæteris virtutibus, dum viveret, juvenis egregius.

  • Himerides nymphæ (nam vos & Daphnin & Hylan,
  • Et plorata diu meministis fata Bionis)
  • Dicite Sicelicum Thamesina per oppida carmen:
  • Quas miser effudit voces, quæ murmura Thyrsis,
  • Et quibus assiduis exercuit antra querelis,
  • Fluminaque, fontesque vagos, nemorumque recessus,
  • Dum sibi præreptum queritur Damona, neque altam
  • Luctibus exemit noctem loca sola pererrans.
  • Et jam bis viridi surgebat culmus arista,
  • Et totidem flavas numerabant horrea messes,originalEd: 10
  • Ex quo summa dies tulerat Damona sub umbras,
  • Nec dum aderat Thyrsis; pastorem scilicet illum
  • Dulcis amor Musæ Thusca retinebat in urbe.
  • Ast ubi mens expleta domum, pecorisque relicti
  • Cura vocat, simul assuetâ sedítque sub ulmo,
  • Tum vero amissum tum denique sentit amicum,
  • Cœpit & immensum sic exonerare dolorem.
  • Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni.
  • Hei mihi! quæ terris, quæ dicam numina cœlo,
  • Postquam te immiti rapuerunt funere Damon;originalEd: 20
  • Siccine nos linquis, tua sic sine nomine virtus
  • Ibit, & obscuris numero sociabitur umbris?
  • At non ille, animas virgâ qui dividit aureâ,
  • Ista velit, dignumque tui te ducat in agmen,
  • Ignavumque procul pecus arceat omne silentum.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(164)]
  • Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni.
  • Quicquid erit, certè nisi me lupus antè videbit,
  • Indeplorato non comminuere sepulchro,
  • Constabitque tuus tibi honos, longúmque vigebit
  • Inter pastores: Illi tibi vota secundooriginalEd: 30
  • Solvere post Daphnin, post Daphnin dicere laudes
  • Gaudebunt, dum rura Pales, dum Faunus amabit:
  • Si quid id est, priscamque fidem coluisse, piúmque,
  • Palladiásque artes, sociúmque habuisse canorum.
  • Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni.
  • Hæc tibi certa manent, tibi erunt hæc præmia Damon;
  • At mihi quid tandem fiet modò? quis mihi fidus
  • Hærebit lateri comes, ut tu sæpe solebas
  • Frigoribus duris, & per loca fœta pruinis,
  • Aut rapido sub sole, siti morientibus herbis?originalEd: 40
  • Sive opus in magnos fuit eminùs ire leones
  • Aut avidos terrere lupos præsepibus altis;
  • Quis fando sopire diem, cantuque solebit?
  • Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni.
  • Pectora cui credam? quis me lenire docebit
  • Mordaces curas, quis longam fallere noctem
  • Dulcibus alloquiis, grato cùm sibilat igni
  • Molle pyrum, & nucibus strepitat focus, at malus auster
  • Miscet cuncta foris, & desuper intonat ulmo.
  • Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni.originalEd: 50
  • Aut æstate, dies medio dum vertitur axe,
  • Cum Pan æsculeâ somnum capit abditus umbrâ,
  • Et repetunt sub aquis sibi nota sedilia nymphæ.
  • Pastoresque latent, stertit sub sepe colonus,
  • Quis mihi blanditiásque tuas, quis tum mihi risus,
  • Cecropiosque sales referet, cultosque lepores?
  • Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni.
  • At jam solus agros, jam pascua solus oberro,
  • Sicubi ramosæ densantur vallibus umbræ,
  • Hic serum expecto, supra caput imber & EurusoriginalEd: 60
  • Triste sonant, fractæque agitata crepuscula silvæ.
  • Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni.
  • Heu quàm culta mihi priùs arva procacibus herbis
  • Involvuntur, & ipsa situ seges alta fatiscit!
  • Innuba neglecto marcescit & uva racemo,
  • Nec myrteta juvant; ovium quoque tædet, at illæ
  • Moerent, inque suum convertunt ora magistrum.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(165)]
  • Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni.
  • Tityrus ad corylos vocat, Alphesibœus ad ornos,
  • Ad salices Ægon, ad flumina pulcher Amyntas,originalEd: 70
  • Hîc gelidi fontes, hîc illita gramina musco,
  • Hîc Zephyri, hîc placidas interstrepit arbutus undas;
  • Ista canunt surdo, frutices ego nactus abibam.
  • Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni.
  • Mopsus ad hæc, nam me redeuntem forte notârat
  • (Et callebat avium linguas, & sydera Mopsus)
  • Thyrsi quid hoc? dixit, quæ te coquit improba bilis?
  • Aut te perdit amor, aut te malè fascinat astrum,
  • Saturni grave sæpe fuit pastoribus astrum,
  • Intimaque obliquo figit præcordia plumbo.originalEd: 80
  • Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni.
  • Mirantur nymphæ, & quid te Thyrsi futurum est?
  • Quid tibi vis? ajunt, non hæc solet esse juventæ
  • Nubila frons, oculique truces, vultusque severi,
  • Illa choros, lususque leves, & semper amorem
  • Jure petit, bis ille miser qui serus amavit.
  • Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni.
  • Venit Hyas, Dryopéque, & filia Baucidis Ægle
  • Docta modos, citharæque sciens, sed perdita fastu,
  • Venit Idumanii Chloris vicina fluenti;originalEd: 90
  • Nil me blanditiæ, nil me solantia verba,
  • Nil me, si quid adest, movet, aut spes ulla futuri.
  • Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni.
  • Hei mihi quam similes ludunt per prata juvenci,
  • Omnes unanimi secum sibi lege sodales,
  • Nec magis hunc alio quisquam secernit amicum
  • De grege, sic densi veniunt ad pabula thoes,
  • Inque vicem hirsuti paribus junguntur onagri;
  • Lex eadem pelagi, deserto in littore Proteus
  • Agmina Phocarum numerat, vilisque volucrumoriginalEd: 100
  • Passer habet semper quicum sit, & omnia circum
  • Farra libens volitet, serò sua tecta revisens,
  • Quem si fors letho objecit, seu milvus adunco
  • Fata tulit rostro, seu stravit arundine fossor,
  • Protinus ille alium socio petit inde volatu.
  • Nos durum genus, & diris exercita fatis
  • Gens homines aliena animis, & pectore discors,
  • Vix sibi quisque parem de millibus invenit unum,
  • Aut si sors dederit tandem non aspera votis,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(166)]
  • Illum inopina dies quâ non speraveris horâoriginalEd: 110
  • Surripit, æternum linquens in sæcula damnum.
  • Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni.
  • Heu quis me ignotas traxit vagus error in oras
  • Ite per aëreas rupes, Alpemque nivosam!
  • Ecquid erat tanti Roman vidisse sepultam?
  • Quamvis illa foret, qualem dum viseret olim,
  • Tityrus ipse suas & oves & rura reliquit;
  • Ut te tam dulci possem caruisse sodale,
  • Possem tot maria alta, tot interponere montes,
  • Tot sylvas, tot saxa tibi, fluviosque sonantes.originalEd: 120
  • Ah certè extremùm licuisset tangere dextram,
  • Et bene compositos placidè morientis ocellos,
  • Et dixisse vale, nostri memor ibis ad astra.
  • Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni.
  • Quamquam etiam vestri nunquam meminisse pigebit
  • Pastores Thusci, Musis operata juventus,
  • Hic Charis, atque Lepos; & Thuscus tu quoque Damon,
  • Antiquâ genus unde petis Lucumonis ab urbe.
  • O ego quantus eram, gelidi cum stratus ad Arni
  • Murmura, populeumque nemus, quà mollior herba,originalEd: 130
  • Carpere nunc violas, nunc summas carpere myrtos,
  • Et potui Lycidæ certantem audire Menalcam.
  • Ipse etiam tentare ausus sum, nec puto multùm
  • Displicui, nam sunt & apud me munera vestra
  • Fiscellæ, calathique & cerea vincla cicutæ,
  • Quin & nostra suas docuerunt nomina fagos
  • Et Datis, & Francinus, erant & vocibus ambo
  • Et studiis noti, Lydorum sanguinis ambo.
  • Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni.
  • Hæc mihi tum læto dictabat roscida luna,originalEd: 140
  • Dum solus teneros claudebam cratibus hœdos.
  • Ah quoties dixi, cùm te cinis ater habebat,
  • Nunc canit, aut lepori nunc tendit retia Damon,
  • Vimina nunc texit, varios sibi quod sit in usus;
  • Et quæ tum facili speraham mente futura
  • Arripui voto levis, & præsentia finxi,
  • Heus bone numquid agis? nisi te quid forte retardat
  • Imus? & argutâ paulùm recubamus in umbra,
  • Aut ad aquas Colni, aut ubi jugera Cassibelauni?
  • Tu mihi percurres medicos, tua gramina, succos,originalEd: 150
  • Helleborúmque, humilésque crocos, foliúmque hyacinthi,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(167)]
  • Quasque habet ista palus herbas, artesque medentûm,
  • Ah pereant herbæ, pereant artesque medentûm
  • Gramina, postquam ipsi nil profecere magistro.
  • Ipse etiam, nam nescio quid mihi grande sonabat
  • Fistula, ab undecimâ jam lux est altera nocte,
  • Et tum forte novis admôram labra cicutis,
  • Dissiluere tamen rupta compage, nec ultra
  • Ferre graves potuere sonos, dubito quoque ne sim
  • Turgidulus, tamen & referam, vos cedite silvæ.originalEd: 160
  • Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni.
  • Ipse ego Dardanias Rutupina per æquora puppes
  • Dicam, & Pandrasidos regnum vetus Inogeniæ,
  • Brennúmque Arviragúmque duces, priscúmque Belinum,
  • Et tandem Armoricos Britonum sub lege colonos;
  • Tum gravidam Arturo fatali fraude Jögernen
  • Mendaces vultus, assumptáque Gorlöis arma,
  • Merlini dolus. O mihi tum si vita supersit,
  • Tu procul annosa pendebis fistula pinu
  • Multùm oblita mihi, aut patriis mutata camœnisoriginalEd: 170
  • Brittonicum strides, quid enim? omnia non licet uni
  • Non sperâsse uni licet omnia, mi satis ampla
  • Merces, & mihi grande decus (sim ignotus in ævum
  • Tum licet, externo penitúsque inglorius orbi)
  • Si me flava comas legat Usa, & potor Alauni,
  • Vorticibúsque frequens Abra, & nemus omne Treantæ,
  • Et Thamesis meus ante omnes, & fusca metallis
  • Tamara, & extremis me discant Orcades undis.
  • Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni.
  • Hæc tibi servabam lentâ sub cortice lauri,originalEd: 180
  • Hæc, & plura simul, tum quæ mihi pocula Mansus,
  • Mansus Chalcidicæ non ultima gloria ripæ
  • Bina dedit, mirum artis opus, mirandus & ipse,
  • Et circùm gemino cælaverat argumento:
  • In medio rubri maris unda, & odoriferum ver
  • Littora longa Arabum, & sudantes balsama silvæ,
  • Has inter Phœnix divina avis, unica terris
  • Cæruleùm fulgens diversicoloribus alis
  • Auroram vitreis surgentem respicit undis.
  • Parte alia polus omnipatens, & magnus Olympus;originalEd: 190
  • Quis putet? hic quoque Amor, pictæque in nube pharetræ,
  • Arma corusca faces, & spicula tincta pyropo;
  • Nec tenues animas, pectúsque ignobile vulgi
  • Edition: current; Page: [(168)]
  • Hinc ferit, at circùm flammantia lumina torquens
  • Semper in erectum spargit sua tela per orbes
  • Impiger, & pronos nunquam collimat ad ictus,
  • Hinc mentes ardere sacræ, formæque deorum.
  • Tu quoque in his, nec me fallit spes lubrica Damon,
  • Tu quoque in his certè es, nam quò tua dulcis abiret
  • Sanctáque simplicitas, nam quò tua candida virtus?originalEd: 200
  • Nec te Lethæo fas quæsivisse sub orco,
  • Nec tibi conveniunt lacrymæ, nec flebimus ultrà,
  • Ite procul lacrymæ, purum colit æthera Damon,
  • Æthera purus habet, pluvium pede reppulit arcum;
  • Heroúmque animas inter, divósque perennes,
  • Æthereos haurit latices & gaudia potat
  • Ore Sacro. Quin tu cœli post jura recepta
  • Dexter ades, placidúsque fave quicúnque vocaris,
  • Seu tu noster eris Damon, sive æquior audis
  • Diodotus, quo te divino nomine cunctioriginalEd: 210
  • Cœlicolæ nôrint, sylvísque vocabere Damon.
  • Quòd tibi purpureus pudor, & sine labe juventus
  • Grata fuit, quòd nulla tori libata voluptas,
  • En etiam tibi virginei servantur honores;
  • Ipse caput nitidum cinctus rutilante corona,
  • Letáque frondentis gestans umbracula palmæ
  • Æternùm perages immortales hymenæos;
  • Cantus ubi, choreisque furit lyra mista beatis,
  • Festa Sionæo bacchantur & Orgia Thyrso.
Finis.
Edition: current; Page: [(169)]

Ad Joannem Rousium.

[Added in Second Edition, 1673.]

Jan. 23. 1646.
Ad Joannem Rousium Oxoniensis Academiæ Bibliothecarium.

De libro Poematum amisso, quem ille sibi denuo mitti postulabat, ut cum aliis nostris in Bibliotheca publica reponeret, Ode.

  • Strophe 1.
  • Gemelle cultu simplici gaudens liber,
  • Fronde licet geminâ,
  • Munditiéque nitens non operosâ,
  • Quam manus attulit
  • Juvenilis olim,
  • Sedula tamen haud nimii Poetæ;
  • Dum vagus Ausonias nunc per umbras
  • Nunc Britannica per vireta lusit
  • Insons populi, barbitóque devius
  • Indulsit patrio, mox itidem pectine DauniooriginalEd: 10
  • Longinquum intonuit melos
  • Vicinis, & humum vix tetigit pede;
  • Antistrophe.
  • Quis te, parve liber, quis te fratribus
  • Subduxit reliquis dolo?
  • Cum tu missus ab urbe,
  • Docto jugiter obsecrante amico,
  • Illustre tendebas iter
  • Thamesis ad incunabula
  • Cærulei patris,
  • Fontes ubi limpidioriginalEd: 20
  • Aonidum, thyasusque sacer
  • Orbi notus per immensos
  • Temporum lapsus redeunte cœlo,
  • Celeberque futurus in ævum;
Edition: current; Page: [(170)]
  • Strophe 2.
  • Modò quis deus, aut editus deo
  • Pristinam gentis miseratus indolem
  • (Si satis noxas luimus priores
  • Mollique luxu degener otium)
  • Tollat nefandos civium tumultus,
  • Almaque revocet studia sanctusoriginalEd: 30
  • Et relegatas sine sede Musas
  • Jam penè totis finibus Angligenûm;
  • Immundasque volucres
  • Unguibus imminentes
  • Figat Apollineâ pharetrâ,
  • Phinéamque abigat pestem procul amne Pegaséo.
  • Antistrophe.
  • Quin tu, libelle, nuntii licet malâ
  • Fide, vel oscitantiâ
  • Semel erraveris agmine fratrum,
  • Seu quis te teneat specus,originalEd: 40
  • Seu qua te latebra, forsan unde vili
  • Callo teréris institoris insulsi,
  • Lætare felix, en iterum tibi
  • Spes nova fulget posse profundam
  • Fugere Lethen, vehique Superam
  • In Jovis aulam remige pennâ;
  • Strophe 3.
  • Nam te Roüsius sui
  • Optat peculî, numeróque justo
  • Sibi pollicitum queritur abesse,
  • Rogatque venias ille cujus inclytaoriginalEd: 50
  • Sunt data virûm monumenta curæ:
  • Téque adytis etiam sacris
  • Voluit reponi quibus & ipse præsidet
  • Æternorum operum custos fidelis,
  • Quæstorque gazæ nobilioris,
  • Quàm cui præfuit Iön
  • Clarus Erechtheides
  • Opulenta dei per templa parentis
  • Fulvosque tripodas, donaque Delphica
  • Iön Actæa genitus Creusâ.originalEd: 60
Edition: current; Page: [(171)]
  • Antistrophe.
  • Ergo tu visere lucos
  • Musarum ibis amœnos,
  • Diamque Phœbi rursus ibis in domum
  • Oxoniâ quam valle colit
  • Delo posthabitâ,
  • Bifidóque Parnassi jugo:
  • Ibis honestus,
  • Postquam egregiam tu quoque sortem
  • Nactus abis, dextri prece sollicitatus amici.
  • Illic legéris inter alta nominaoriginalEd: 70
  • Authorum, Graiæ simul & Latinæ
  • Antiqua gentis lumina, & verum decus.
  • Epodos.
  • Vos tandem haud vacui mei labores,
  • Quicquid hoc sterile fudit ingenium,
  • Jam serò placidam sperare jubeo
  • Perfunctam invidiâ requiem, sedesque beatas
  • Quas bonus Hermes
  • Et tutela dabit solers Roüsi,
  • Quò neque lingua procax vulgi penetrabit, atque longè
  • Turba legentum prava facesset;originalEd: 80
  • At ultimi nepotes,
  • Et cordatior ætas
  • Judicia rebus æquiora forsitan
  • Adhibebit integro sinu.
  • Tum livore sepulto,
  • Si quid meremur sana posteritas sciet
  • Roüsio favente.

Ode tribus constat Strophis, totidémque Antistrophis unä demum epodo clausis, quas, tametsi omnes nec versuum numero, nec certis ubique colis exactè respondeant, ita tamen secuimus, commodè legendi potius, quam ad antiquos concinendi modos rationem spectantes. Alioquin hoc genus rectiùs fortasse dici monostrophicum debuerat. Metra partim sunt κατὰ σχέσιν, partim ἀπολελυμένα. Phaleucia quæ sunt, spondæum tertio loco bis admittunt, quod idem in secundo loco Catullus ad libitum fecit.

Edition: current; Page: [(172)] Edition: current; Page: [(173)]

PARADISE LOST.

Edition: current; Page: [(174)]

Paradise lost.
A POEM Written in TEN BOOKS

By JOHN MILTON.

Licensed and Entred according to Order.

LONDON

Printed, and are to be sold by Peter Parker under Creed Church neer Aldgate; And by Robert Boulter at the Turks Head in Bishoplgate-street; And Matthias Walker, under St. Dunstons Church in Fleet-street, 1667.

Edition: current; Page: [(175)]

Paradise Lost.
A POEM IN TWELVE BOOKS.

The Author JOHN MILTON.

The Second Edition

Revised and Augmented by the same Author.

LONDON, Printed by S. Simmous next door to the Golden Lion in Aldersgate-street, 1674.

Edition: current; Page: [(176)] Edition: current; Page: [(177)]

IN Paradisum Amissam
Summi Poetæ
JOHANNIS MILTONI.

  • Qui legis Amissam Paradisum, grandia magni
  • Carmina Miltoni, quid nisi cuncta legis?
  • Res cunctas, & cunctarum primordia rerum,
  • Et fata, & fines continet iste liber.
  • Intima panduntur magni penetralia mundi,
  • Scribitur & toto quicquid in Orbe latet.
  • Terræque, tractusque maris, cælumque profundum
  • Sulphureumque Erebi flammivomumque specus.
  • Quæque colunt terras, Portumque & Tartara cæca,
  • Quæque colunt summi lucida regna Poli.
  • Et quodcunque ullis conclusum est finibus usquam,
  • Et sine fine Chaos, & sine fine Deus;
  • Et sine fine magis, si quid magis est sine fine,
  • In Christo erga homines conciliatus amor.
  • Hæc qui speraret quis crederet esse futurum?
  • Et tamen hæc hodie terra Britanna legit.
  • O quantos in bella Duces! quæ protulit arma!
  • Quæ canit, et quanta prælia dira tuba.
  • Cælestes acies! atque in certamine Cælum!
  • Et quæ Cœlestes pugna deceret agros!
  • Quantus in ætheriis tollit se Lucifer armis!
  • Atque ipso graditur vix Michaele minor!
  • Quantis, & quam funestis concurritur iris
  • Dum ferus hic stellas protegit, ille rapit!
  • Dum vulsos Montes ceu Tela reciproca torquent,
  • Et non mortali desuper igne pluunt:
  • Stat dubius cui se parti concedat Olympus,
  • Et metuit pugnæ non superesse suæ.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(178)]
  • At simul in cælis Messiæ insignia fulgent,
  • Et currus animes, armaque digna Deo,
  • Horrendumque rotæ strident, & sæva rotarum
  • Erumpunt torvis fulgura luminibus,
  • Et flammæ vibrant, & vera tonitrua rauco
  • Admistis flammis insonuere Polo:
  • Excidit attonitis mens omnis, & impetus omnis
  • Et cassis dextris irrita Tela cadunt.
  • Ad pænas fugiunt, & ceu foret Orcus asylum
  • Infernis certant condere se tenebris.
  • Cedite Romani scriptores, cedite Graii
  • Et quos fama recens vel celebravit anus.
  • Hæc quicunque leget tantum cecinisse putabit
  • Mæonidem ranas, Virgilium culices.
  • S. B., M. D.

ON Paradise Lost.

  • When I beheld the Poet blind, yet bold,
  • In slender Book his vast Design unfold,
  • Messiah Crown’d, Gods Reconcil’d Decree,
  • Rebelling Angels, the Forbidden Tree,
  • Heav’n, Hell, Earth, Chaos, All; the Argument
  • Held me a while misdoubting his Intent,
  • That he would ruine (for I saw him strong)
  • The sacred Truths to Fable and old Song
  • (So Sampson groap’d the Temples Posts in spight)
  • The World o’rewhelming to revenge his sight.
  • Yet as I read, soon growing less severe,
  • I lik’d his Project, the success did fear;
  • Through that wide Field how he his way should find
  • O’re which lame Faith leads Understanding blind;
  • Lest he perplex’d the things he would explain,
  • And what was easie he should render vain.
  • Or if a Work so infinite he spann’d,
  • Jealous I was that some less skilful hand
  • (Such as disquiet always what is well,
  • And by ill imitating would excell)
  • Might hence presume the whole Creations day
  • To change in Scenes, and show it in a Play.
  • Pardon me, Mighty Poet, nor despise
  • My causeless, yet not impious, surmise.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(179)]
  • But I am now convinc’d, and none will dare
  • Within thy Labours to pretend a share.
  • Thou hast not miss’d one thought that could be fit,
  • And all that was improper dost omit:
  • So that no room is here for Writers left,
  • But to detect their Ignorance or Theft.
  • That Majesty which through thy Work doth Reign
  • Draws the Devout, deterring the Profane.
  • And things divine thou treatst of in such state
  • As them preserves, and thee, inviolate.
  • At once delight and horrour on us seise,
  • Thou singst with so much gravity and ease;
  • And above humane flight dost soar aloft
  • With Plume so strong, so equal, and so soft.
  • The Bird nam’d from that Paradise you sing
  • So never flaggs, but always keeps on Wing.
  • Where couldst thou words of such a compass find?
  • Whence furnish such a vast expence of mind?
  • Just Heav’n thee like Tiresias to requite
  • Rewards with Prophesie thy loss of sight.
  • Well mightst thou scorn thy Readers to allure
  • With tinkling Rhime, of thy own sense secure;
  • While the Town-Bayes writes all the while and spells,
  • And like a Pack-horse tires without his Bells:
  • Their Fancies like our Bushy-points appear,
  • The Poets tag them, we for fashion wear.
  • I too transported by the Mode offend,
  • And while I meant to Praise thee must Commend.
  • Thy Verse created like thy Theme sublime,
  • In Number, Weight, and Measure, needs not Rhime.
  • A. M.

In Paradisum Amissam. On Paradise Lost] Added in the second edition 1674.

Edition: current; Page: [(180)]

The Printer to the Reader.

Courteous Reader, there was no Argument at first intended to the Book, but for the satisfaction of many that have desired it, I have procur’d it, and withall a reason of that which stumbled many others, why the Poem Rimes not.

S. Simmons.

The Printer to the Reader] Added in 1668 to the copies then remaining of the first edition, amended in 1669, and omitted in 1670. I have procur’d it, and . . . . not 1669] us procured 1668.

The Verse.

The measure is English Heroic Verse without Rime, as that of Homer in Greek, and of Virgil in Latin; Rime being no necessary Adjunct or true Ornament of Poem or good Verse, in longer Works especially, but the Invention of a barbarous Age, to set off wretched matter and lame Meeter; grac’t indeed since by the use of some famous modern Poets, carried away by Custom, but much to thir own vexation, hindrance, and constraint to express many things otherwise, and for the most part worse then else they would have exprest them. Not without cause therefore some both Italian and Spanish Poets of prime note have rejected Rime both in longer and shorter Works, as have also long since our best English Tragedies, as a thing of it self, to all judicious eares, triveal and of no true musical delight; which consists only in apt Numbers, fit quantity of Syllables, and the sense variously drawn out from one Verse into another, not in the jingling sound of like endings, a fault avoyded by the learned Ancients both in Poetry and all good Oratory. This neglect then of Rime so little is to be taken for a defect, though it may seem so perhaps to vulgar Readers, that it rather is to be esteem’d an example set, the first in English, of ancient liberty recover’d to Heroic Poem from the troublesom and modern bondage of Rimeing.

The Verse] Added in 1668 to the copies then remaining of the first edition; together with the Argument. In the second edition (1674) the Argument, with the necessary adjustment to the division made in Books vii and x, was distributed through the several books of the poem, as it is here printed.

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BOOK I.

THE ARGUMENT.

This first Book proposes first in brief the whole Subject, Mans disobedience, and the loss thereupon of Paradise wherein he was plac’t: Then touches the prime cause of his fall, the Serpent, or rather Satan in the Serpent; who revolting from God, and drawing to his side many Legions of Angels, was by the command of God driven out of Heaven with all his Crew into the great Deep. Which action past over, the Poem hasts into the midst of things, presenting Satan with his Angels now fallen into Hell, describ’d here, not in the Center (for Heaven and Earth may be suppos’d as yet not made, certainly not yet accurst) but in a place of utter darknesse, fitliest call’d Chaos: Here Satan with his Angels lying on the burning Lake, thunder-struck and astonisht, after a certain space recovers, as from confusion, calls up him who next in Order and Dignity lay by him; they confer of thir miserable fall. Satan awakens all his Legions, who lay till then in the same manner confounded; They rise, thir Numbers, array of Battel, thir chief Leaders nam’d, according to the Idols known afterwards in Canaan and the Countries adjoyning. To these Satan directs his Speech, comforts them with hope yet of regaining Heaven, but tells them lastly of a new World and new kind of Creature to be created, according to an ancient Prophesie or report in Heaven; for that Angels were long before this visible Creation, was the opinion of many ancient Fathers. To find out the truth of this Prophesie, and what to determin thereon he refers to a full Councell. What his Associates thence attempt. Pandemonium the Palace of Satan rises, suddenly built out of the Deep: The infernal Peers there sit in Counsel.

  • Of Mans First Disobedience, and the Fruit
  • Of that Forbidden Tree, whose mortal tast
  • Brought Death into the World, and all our woe,
  • With loss of Eden, till one greater Man
  • Restore us, and regain the blissful Seat,
  • Sing Heav’nly Muse, that on the secret top
  • Of Oreb, or of Sinai, didst inspire
  • That Shepherd, who first taught the chosen Seed,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(182)]
  • In the Beginning how the Heav’ns and Earth
  • Rose out of Chaos: or if Sion HilloriginalEd: 10
  • Delight thee more, and Siloa’s Brook that flow’d
  • Fast by the Oracle of God; I thence
  • Invoke thy aid to my adventrous Song,
  • That with no middle flight intends to soar
  • Above th’ Aonian Mount, while it pursues
  • Things unattempted yet in Prose or Rhime.
  • And chiefly Thou O Spirit, that dost prefer
  • Before all Temples th’ upright heart and pure,
  • Instruct me, for Thou know’st; Thou from the first
  • Wast present, and with mighty wings outspreadoriginalEd: 20
  • Dove-like satst brooding on the vast Abyss
  • And mad’st it pregnant: What in me is dark
  • Illumine, what is low raise and support;
  • That to the highth of this great Argument
  • I may assert Eternal Providence,
  • And justifie the wayes of God to men.
  • Say first, for Heav’n hides nothing from thy view
  • Nor the deep Tract of Hell, say first what cause
  • Mov’d our Grand Parents in that happy State,
  • Favour’d of Heav’n so highly, to fall offoriginalEd: 30
  • From their Creator, and transgress his Will
  • For one restraint, Lords of the World besides?
  • Who first seduc’d them to that fowl revolt?
  • Th’ infernal Serpent; he it was, whose guile
  • Stird up with Envy and Revenge, deceiv’d
  • The Mother of Mankinde, what time his Pride
  • Had cast him out from Heav’n, with all his Host
  • Of Rebel Angels, by whose aid aspiring
  • To set himself in Glory above his Peers,
  • He trusted to have equal’d the most High,originalEd: 40
  • If he oppos’d; and with ambitious aim
  • Against the Throne and Monarchy of God
  • Rais’d impious War in Heav’n and Battel proud
  • With vain attempt. Him the Almighty Power
  • Hurld headlong flaming from th’ Ethereal Skie
  • With hideous ruine and combustion down
  • To bottomless perdition, there to dwell
  • In Adamantine Chains and penal Fire,
  • Who durst defie th’ Omnipotent to Arms.
  • Nine times the Space that measures Day and NightoriginalEd: 50
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  • To mortal men, he with his horrid crew
  • Lay vanquisht, rowling in the fiery Gulfe
  • Confounded though immortal: But his doom
  • Reserv’d him to more wrath; for now the thought
  • Both of lost happiness and lasting pain
  • Torments him; round he throws his baleful eyes
  • That witness’d huge affliction and dismay
  • Mixt with obdurate pride and stedfast hate:
  • At once as far as Angels kenn he views
  • The dismal Situation waste and wilde,originalEd: 60
  • A Dungeon horrible, on all sides round
  • As one great Furnace flam’d, yet from those flames
  • No light, but rather darkness visible
  • Serv’d only to discover sights of woe,
  • Regions of sorrow, doleful shades, where peace
  • And rest can never dwell, hope never comes
  • That comes to all; but torture without end
  • Still urges, and a fiery Deluge, fed
  • With ever-burning Sulphur unconsum’d:
  • Such place Eternal Justice had prepar’doriginalEd: 70
  • For those rebellious, here their Prison ordain’d
  • In utter darkness, and their portion set
  • As far remov’d from God and light of Heav’n
  • As from the Center thrice to th’ utmost Pole.
  • O how unlike the place from whence they fell!
  • There the companions of his fall, o’rewhelm’d
  • With Floods and Whirlwinds of tempestuous fire,
  • He soon discerns, and weltring by his side
  • One next himself in power, and next in crime,
  • Long after known in Palestine, and nam’doriginalEd: 80
  • Bëëlzebub. To whom th’ Arch-Enemy,
  • And thence in Heav’n call’d Satan, with bold words
  • Breaking the horrid silence thus began.
  • If thou beest he; But O how fall’n! how chang’d
  • From him, who in the happy Realms of Light
  • Cloth’d with transcendent brightness didst outshine
  • Myriads though bright: If he whom mutual league,
  • United thoughts and counsels, equal hope,
  • And hazard in the Glorious Enterprize,
  • Joynd with me once, now misery hath joyndoriginalEd: 90
  • In equal ruin: into what Pit thou seest
  • From what highth fal’n, so much the stronger provd
  • Edition: current; Page: [(184)]
  • He with his Thunder: and till then who knew
  • The force of those dire Arms? yet not for those
  • Nor what the Potent Victor in his rage
  • Can else inflict do I repent or change,
  • Though chang’d in outward lustre; that fixt mind
  • And high disdain, from sence of injur’d merit,
  • That with the mightiest rais’d me to contend,
  • And to the fierce contention brought alongoriginalEd: 100
  • Innumerable force of Spirits arm’d
  • That durst dislike his reign, and me preferring,
  • His utmost power with adverse power oppos’d
  • In dubious Battel on the Plains of Heav’n,
  • And shook his throne. What though the field be lost?
  • All is not lost; the unconquerable Will,
  • And study of revenge, immortal hate,
  • And courage never to submit or yield:
  • And what is else not to be overcome?
  • That Glory never shall his wrath or mightoriginalEd: 110
  • Extort from me. To bow and sue for grace
  • With suppliant knee, and deifie his power
  • Who from the terrour of this Arm so late
  • Doubted his Empire, that were low indeed,
  • That were an ignominy and shame beneath
  • This downfall; since by Fate the strength of Gods
  • And this Empyreal substance cannot fail,
  • Since through experience of this great event
  • In Arms not worse, in foresight much advanc’t,
  • We may with more successful hope resolveoriginalEd: 120
  • To wage by force or guile eternal Warr
  • Irreconcileable, to our grand Foe,
  • Who now triumphs, and in th’ excess of joy
  • Sole reigning holds the Tyranny of Heav’n.
  • So spake th’ Apostate Angel, though in pain,
  • Vaunting aloud, but rackt with deep despare:
  • And him thus answer’d soon his bold Compeer.
  • O Prince, O Chief of many Throned Powers,
  • That led th’ imbattelld Seraphim to Warr
  • Under thy conduct, and in dreadful deedsoriginalEd: 130
  • Fearless, endanger’d Heav’ns perpetual King;
  • And put to proof his high Supremacy,
  • Whether upheld by strength, or Chance, or Fate,
  • Too well I see and rue the dire event,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(185)]
  • That with sad overthrow and foul defeat
  • Hath lost us Heav’n, and all this mighty Host
  • In horrible destruction laid thus low,
  • As far as Gods and Heav’nly Essences
  • Can perish: for the mind and spirit remains
  • Invincible, and vigour soon returns,originalEd: 140
  • Though all our Glory extinct, and happy state
  • Here swallow’d up in endless misery.
  • But what if he our Conquerour, (whom I now
  • Of force believe Almighty, since no less
  • Then such could hav orepow’rd such force as ours)
  • Have left us this our spirit and strength intire
  • Strongly to suffer and support our pains,
  • That we may so suffice his vengeful ire,
  • Or do him mightier service as his thralls
  • By right of Warr, what e’re his business beoriginalEd: 150
  • Here in the heart of Hell to work in Fire,
  • Or do his Errands in the gloomy Deep;
  • What can it then avail though yet we feel
  • Strength undiminisht, or eternal being
  • To undergo eternal punishment?
  • Whereto with speedy words th’ Arch-fiend reply’d.
  • Fall’n Cherube, to be weak is miserable
  • Doing or Suffering: but of this be sure,
  • To do ought good never will be our task,
  • But ever to do ill our sole delight,originalEd: 160
  • As being the contrary to his high will
  • Whom we resist. If then his Providence
  • Out of our evil seek to bring forth good,
  • Our labour must be to pervert that end,
  • And out of good still to find means of evil;
  • Which oft times may succeed, so as perhaps
  • Shall grieve him, if I fail not, and disturb
  • His inmost counsels from their destind aim.
  • But see the angry Victor hath recall’d
  • His Ministers of vengeance and pursuitoriginalEd: 170
  • Back to the Gates of Heav’n: The Sulphurous Hail
  • Shot after us in storm, oreblown hath laid
  • The fiery Surge, that from the Precipice
  • Of Heav’n receiv’d us falling, and the Thunder,
  • Wing’d with red Lightning and impetuous rage,
  • Perhaps hath spent his shafts, and ceases now
  • Edition: current; Page: [(186)]
  • To bellow through the vast and boundless Deep.
  • Let us not slip th’ occasion, whether scorn,
  • Or satiate fury yield it from our Foe.
  • Seest thou yon dreary Plain, forlorn and wilde,originalEd: 180
  • The seat of desolation, voyd of light,
  • Save what the glimmering of these livid flames
  • Casts pale and dreadful? Thither let us tend
  • From off the tossing of these fiery waves,
  • There rest, if any rest can harbour there,
  • And reassembling our afflicted Powers,
  • Consult how we may henceforth most offend
  • Our Enemy, our own loss how repair,
  • How overcome this dire Calamity,
  • What reinforcement we may gain from Hope,originalEd: 190
  • If not what resolution from despare.
  • Thus Satan talking to his neerest Mate
  • With Head up-lift above the wave, and Eyes
  • That sparkling blaz’d, his other Parts besides
  • Prone on the Flood, extended long and large
  • Lay floating many a rood, in bulk as huge
  • As whom the Fables name of monstrous size,
  • Titanian, or Earth-born, that warr’d on Jove,
  • Briarios or Typhon, whom the Den
  • By ancient Tarsus held, or that Sea-beastoriginalEd: 200
  • Leviathan, which God of all his works
  • Created hugest that swim th’ Ocean stream:
  • Him haply slumbring on the Norway foam
  • The Pilot of some small night-founder’d Skiff,
  • Deeming some Island, oft, as Sea-men tell,
  • With fixed Anchor in his skaly rind
  • Moors by his side under the Lee, while Night
  • Invests the Sea, and wished Morn delayes:
  • So stretcht out huge in length the Arch-fiend lay
  • Chain’d on the burning Lake, nor ever thenceoriginalEd: 210
  • Had ris’n or heav’d his head, but that the will
  • And high permission of all-ruling Heaven
  • Left him at large to his own dark designs,
  • That with reiterated crimes he might
  • Heap on himself damnation, while he sought
  • Evil to others, and enrag’d might see
  • How all his malice serv’d but to bring forth
  • Infinite goodness, grace and mercy shewn
  • Edition: current; Page: [(187)]
  • On Man by him seduc’t, but on himself
  • Treble confusion, wrath and vengeance pour’d.originalEd: 220
  • Forthwith upright he rears from off the Pool
  • His mighty Stature; on each hand the flames
  • Drivn backward slope their pointing spires, & rowld
  • In billows, leave i’ th’ midst a horrid Vale.
  • Then with expanded wings he stears his flight
  • Aloft, incumbent on the dusky Air
  • That felt unusual weight, till on dry Land
  • He lights, if it were Land that ever burn’d
  • With solid, as the Lake with liquid fire;
  • And such appear’d in hue, as when the forceoriginalEd: 230
  • Of subterranean wind transports a Hill
  • Torn from Pelorus, or the shatter’d side
  • Of thundring Ætna, whose combustible
  • And fewel’d entrals thence conceiving Fire,
  • Sublim’d with Mineral fury, aid the Winds,
  • And leave a singed bottom all involv’d
  • With stench and smoak: Such resting found the sole
  • Of unblest feet. Him followed his next Mate,
  • Both glorying to have scap’t the Stygian flood
  • As Gods, and by their own recover’d strength,originalEd: 240
  • Not by the sufferance of supernal Power.
  • Is this the Region, this the Soil, the Clime,
  • Said then the lost Arch Angel, this the seat
  • That we must change for Heav’n, this mournful gloom
  • For that celestial light? Be it so, since hee
  • Who now is Sovran can dispose and bid
  • What shall be right: fardest from him is best
  • Whom reason hath equald, force hath made supream
  • Above his equals. Farewel happy Fields
  • Where Joy for ever dwells: Hail horrours, hailoriginalEd: 250
  • Infernal world, and thou profoundest Hell
  • Receive thy new Possessor: One who brings
  • A mind not to be chang’d by Place or Time.
  • The mind is its own place, and in it self
  • Can make a Heav’n of Hell, a Hell of Heav’n.
  • What matter where, if I be still the same,
  • And what I should be, all but less then hee
  • Whom Thunder hath made greater? Here at least
  • We shall be free; th’ Almighty hath not built
  • Here for his envy, will not drive us hence:originalEd: 260
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  • Here we may reign secure, and in my choyce
  • To reign is worth ambition though in Hell:
  • Better to reign in Hell, then serve in Heav’n.
  • But wherefore let we then our faithful friends,
  • Th’ associates and copartners of our loss
  • Lye thus astonisht on th’ oblivious Pool,
  • And call them not to share with us their part
  • In this unhappy Mansion, or once more
  • With rallied Arms to try what may be yet
  • Regained in Heav’n, or what more lost in Hell?originalEd: 270
  • So Satan spake, and him Bëëlsebub
  • Thus answer’d. Leader of those Armies bright,
  • Which but th’ Omnipotent none could have foyld,
  • If once they hear that voyce, their liveliest pledge
  • Of hope in fears and dangers, heard so oft
  • In worst extreams, and on the perilous edge
  • Of battel when it rag’d, in all assaults
  • Their surest signal, they will soon resume
  • New courage and revive, though now they lye
  • Groveling and prostrate on yon Lake of Fire,originalEd: 280
  • As we erewhile, astounded and amaz’d,
  • No wonder, fall’n such a pernicious highth.
  • He scarce had ceas’t when the superiour Fiend
  • Was moving toward the shore; his ponderous shield
  • Ethereal temper, massy, large and round,
  • Behind him cast; the broad circumference
  • Hung on his shoulders like the Moon, whose Orb
  • Through Optic Glass the Tuscan Artist views
  • At Ev’ning from the top of Fesole,
  • Or in Valdarno, to descry new Lands,originalEd: 290
  • Rivers or Mountains in her spotty Globe.
  • His Spear, to equal which the tallest Pine
  • Hewn on Norwegian hills, to be the Mast
  • Of some great Ammiral, were but a wand,
  • He walkt with to support uneasie steps
  • Over the burning Marle, not like those steps
  • On Heavens Azure, and the torrid Clime
  • Smote on him sore besides, vaulted with Fire;
  • Nathless he so endur’d, till on the Beach
  • Of that inflamed Sea, he stood and call’doriginalEd: 300
  • His Legions, Angel Forms, who lay intrans’t
  • Thick as Autumnal Leaves that strow the Brooks
  • Edition: current; Page: [(189)]
  • In Vallombrosa, where th’ Etrurian shades
  • High overarch’t imbowr; or scatterd sedge
  • Afloat, when with fierce Winds Orion arm’d
  • Hath vext the Red-Sea Coast, whose waves orethrew
  • Busiris and his Memphian Chivalrie,
  • While with perfidious hatred they pursu’d
  • The Sojourners of Goshen, who beheld
  • From the safe shore their floating CarkasesoriginalEd: 310
  • And broken Chariot Wheels, so thick bestrown
  • Abject and lost lay these, covering the Flood,
  • Under amazement of their hideous change.
  • He call’d so loud, that all the hollow Deep
  • Of Hell resounded. Princes, Potentates,
  • Warriers, the Flowr of Heav’n, once yours, now lost,
  • If such astonishment as this can sieze
  • Eternal spirits; or have ye chos’n this place
  • After the toyl of Battel to repose
  • Your wearied vertue, for the ease you findoriginalEd: 320
  • To slumber here, as in the Vales of Heav’n?
  • Or in this abject posture have ye sworn
  • To adore the Conquerour? who now beholds
  • Cherube and Seraph rowling in the Flood
  • With scatter’d Arms and Ensigns, till anon
  • His swift pursuers from Heav’n Gates discern
  • Th’ advantage, and descending tread us down
  • Thus drooping, or with linked Thunderbolts
  • Transfix us to the bottom of this Gulfe.
  • Awake, arise, or be for ever fall’n.originalEd: 330
  • They heard, and were abasht, and up they sprung
  • Upon the wing, as when men wont to watch
  • On duty, sleeping found by whom they dread,
  • Rouse and bestir themselves ere well awake.
  • Nor did they not perceave the evil plight
  • In which they were, or the fierce pains not feel;
  • Yet to their Generals Voyce they soon obeyd
  • Innumerable. As when the potent Rod
  • Of Amrams Son in Egypts evill day
  • Wav’d round the Coast, up call’d a pitchy cloudoriginalEd: 340
  • Of Locusts, warping on the Eastern Wind,
  • That ore the Realm of impious Pharaoh hung
  • Like Night, and darken’d all the Land of Nile:
  • So numberless were those bad Angels seen
  • Edition: current; Page: [(190)]
  • Hovering on wing under the Cope of Hell
  • ’Twixt upper, nether, and surrounding Fires;
  • Till, as a signal giv’n, th’ uplifted Spear
  • Of their great Sultan waving to direct
  • Thir course, in even ballance down they light
  • On the firm brimstone, and fill all the Plain;originalEd: 350
  • A multitude, like which the populous North
  • Pour’d never from her frozen loyns, to pass
  • Rhene or the Danaw, when her barbarous Sons
  • Came like a Deluge on the South, and spread
  • Beneath Gibraltar to the Lybian sands.
  • Forthwith from every Squadron and each Band
  • The Heads and Leaders thither hast where stood
  • Their great Commander; Godlike shapes and forms
  • Excelling human, Princely Dignities,
  • And Powers that earst in Heaven sat on Thrones;originalEd: 360
  • Though of their Names in heav’nly Records now
  • Be no memorial, blotted out and ras’d
  • By thir Rebellion, from the Books of Life.
  • Nor had they yet among the Sons of Eve
  • Got them new Names, till wandring ore the Earth,
  • Through Gods high sufferance for the tryal of man,
  • By falsities and lyes the greatest part
  • Of Mankind they corrupted to forsake
  • God their Creator, and th’ invisible
  • Glory of him, that made them, to transformoriginalEd: 370
  • Oft to the Image of a Brute, adorn’d
  • With gay Religions full of Pomp and Gold,
  • And Devils to adore for Deities:
  • Then were they known to men by various Names,
  • And various Idols through the Heathen World.
  • Say, Muse, their Names then known, who first, who last,
  • Rous’d from the slumber, on that fiery Couch,
  • At thir great Emperors call, as next in worth
  • Came singly where he stood on the bare strand,
  • While the promiscuous croud stood yet aloof?originalEd: 380
  • The chief were those who from the Pit of Hell
  • Roaming to seek their prey on earth, durst fix
  • Their Seats long after next the Seat of God,
  • Their Altars by his Altar, Gods ador’d
  • Among the Nations round, and durst abide
  • Jehovah thundring out of Sion, thron’d
  • Edition: current; Page: [(191)]
  • Between the Cherubim; yea, often plac’d
  • Within his Sanctuary it self their Shrines,
  • Abominations; and with cursed things
  • His holy Rites, and solemn Feasts profan’d,originalEd: 390
  • And with their darkness durst affront his light.
  • First Moloch, horrid King besmear’d with blood
  • Of human sacrifice, and parents tears,
  • Though for the noyse of Drums and Timbrels loud
  • Their childrens cries unheard, that past through fire
  • To his grim Idol. Him the Ammonite
  • Worshipt in Rabba and her watry Plain,
  • In Argob and in Basan, to the stream
  • Of utmost Arnon. Nor content with such
  • Audacious neighbourhood, the wisest heartoriginalEd: 400
  • Of Solomon he led by fraud to build
  • His Temple right against the Temple of God
  • On that opprobrious Hill, and made his Grove
  • The pleasant Vally of Hinnom, Tophet thence
  • And black Gehenna call’d, the Type of Hell.
  • Next Chemos, th’ obscene dread of Moabs Sons,
  • From Aroer to Nebo, and the wild
  • Of Southmost Abarim; in Hesebon
  • And Horonaim, Seons Realm, beyond
  • The flowry Dale of Sibma clad with Vines,originalEd: 410
  • And Eleale to th’ Asphaltick Pool.
  • Peor his other Name, when he entic’d
  • Israel in Sittim on their march from Nile
  • To do him wanton rites, which cost them woe.
  • Yet thence his lustful Orgies he enlarg’d
  • Even to that Hill of scandal, by the Grove
  • Of Moloch homicide, lust hard by hate;
  • Till good Josiah drove them thence to Hell.
  • With these came they, who from the bordring flood
  • Of old Euphrates to the Brook that partsoriginalEd: 420
  • Egypt from Syrian ground, had general Names
  • Of Baalim and Ashtaroth, those male,
  • These Feminine. For Spirits when they please
  • Can either Sex assume, or both; so soft
  • And uncompounded is their Essence pure,
  • Not ti’d or manacl’d with joynt or limb,
  • Nor founded on the brittle strength of bones,
  • Like cumbrous flesh; but in what shape they choose
  • Edition: current; Page: [(192)]
  • Dilated or condens’t, bright or obscure,
  • Can execute their aerie purposes,originalEd: 430
  • And works of love or enmity fulfill.
  • For those the Race of Israel oft forsook
  • Their living strength, and unfrequented left
  • His righteous Altar, bowing lowly down
  • To bestial Gods; for which their heads as low
  • Bow’d down in Battel, sunk before the Spear
  • Of despicable foes. With these in troop
  • Came Astoreth, whom the Phœnicians call’d
  • Astarte, Queen of Heav’n, with crescent Horns;
  • To whose bright Image nightly by the MoonoriginalEd: 440
  • Sidonian Virgins paid their Vows and Songs,
  • In Sion also not unsung, where stood
  • Her Temple on th’ offensive Mountain, built
  • By that uxorious King, whose heart though large,
  • Beguil’d by fair Idolatresses, fell
  • To Idols foul. Thammuz came next behind,
  • Whose annual wound in Lebanon allur’d
  • The Syrian Damsels to lament his fate
  • In amorous dittyes all a Summers day,
  • While smooth Adonis from his native RockoriginalEd: 450
  • Ran purple to the Sea, suppos’d with blood
  • Of Thammuz yearly wounded: the Love-tale
  • Infected Sions daughters with like heat,
  • Whose wanton passions in the sacred Porch
  • Ezekiel saw, when by the Vision led
  • His eye survay’d the dark Idolatries
  • Of alienated Judah. Next came one
  • Who mourn’d in earnest, when the Captive Ark
  • Maim’d his brute Image, head and hands lopt off
  • In his own Temple, on the grunsel edge,originalEd: 460
  • Where he fell flat, and sham’d his Worshipers:
  • Dagon his Name, Sea Monster, upward Man
  • And downward Fish: yet had his Temple high
  • Rear’d in Azotus, dreaded through the Coast
  • Of Palestine, in Gath and Ascalon,
  • And Accaron and Gaza’s frontier bounds.
  • Him follow’d Rimmon, whose delightful Seat
  • Was fair Damascus, on the fertil Banks
  • Of Abbana and Pharphar, lucid streams.
  • He also against the house of God was bold:originalEd: 470
  • Edition: current; Page: [(193)]
  • A Leper once he lost and gain’d a King,
  • Ahaz his sottish Conquerour, whom he drew
  • Gods Altar to disparage and displace
  • For one of Syrian mode, whereon to burn
  • His odious offrings, and adore the Gods
  • Whom he had vanquisht. After these appear’d
  • A crew who under Names of old Renown,
  • Osiris, Isis, Orus and their Train
  • With monstrous shapes and sorceries abus’d
  • Fanatic Egypt and her Priests, to seekoriginalEd: 480
  • Thir wandring Gods disguis’d in brutish forms
  • Rather then human. Nor did Israel scape
  • Th’ infection when their borrow’d Gold compos’d
  • The Calf in Oreb: and the Rebel King
  • Doubl’d that sin in Bethel and in Dan,
  • Lik’ning his Maker to the Grazed Ox,
  • Jehovah, who in one Night when he pass’d
  • From Egypt marching, equal’d with one stroke
  • Both her first born and all her bleating Gods.
  • Belial came last, then whom a Spirit more lewdoriginalEd: 490
  • Fell not from Heaven, or more gross to love
  • Vice for it self: To him no Temple stood
  • Or Altar smoak’d; yet who more oft then hee
  • In Temples and at Altars, when the Priest
  • Turns Atheist, as did Elys Sons, who fill’d
  • With lust and violence the house of God.
  • In Courts and Palaces he also Reigns
  • And in luxurious Cities, where the noyse
  • Of riot ascends above thir loftiest Towrs,
  • And injury and outrage: And when NightoriginalEd: 500
  • Darkens the Streets, then wander forth the Sons
  • Of Belial, flown with insolence and wine.
  • Witness the Streets of Sodom, and that night
  • In Gibeah, when hospitable Dores
  • Yielded thir Matrons to prevent worse rape.
  • These were the prime in order and in might;
  • The rest were long to tell, though far renown’d,
  • Th’ Ionian Gods, of Javans Issue held
  • Gods, yet confest later then Heav’n and Earth
  • Thir boasted Parents; Titan Heav’ns first bornoriginalEd: 510
  • Edition: current; Page: [(194)]
  • With his enormous brood, and birthright seis’d
  • By younger Saturn, he from mightier Jove
  • His own and Rhea’s Son like measure found;
  • So Jove usurping reign’d: these first in Creet
  • And Ida known, thence on the Snowy top
  • Of cold Olympus rul’d the middle Air
  • Thir highest Heav’n; or on the Delphian Cliff,
  • Or in Dodona, and through all the bounds
  • Of Doric Land; or who with Saturn old
  • Fled over Adria to th’ Hesperian Fields,originalEd: 520
  • And ore the Celtic roam’d the utmost Isles.
  • All these and more came flocking; but with looks
  • Down cast and damp, yet such wherein appear’d
  • Obscure som glimps of joy, to have found thir chief
  • Not in despair, to have found themselves not lost
  • In loss it self; which on his count’nance cast
  • Like doubtful hue: but he his wonted pride
  • Soon recollecting, with high words, that bore
  • Semblance of worth not substance, gently rais’d
  • Their fainted courage, and dispel’d their fears.originalEd: 530
  • Then strait commands that at the warlike sound
  • Of Trumpets loud and Clarions be upreard
  • His mighty Standard; that proud honour claim’d
  • Azazel as his right, a Cherube tall:
  • Who forthwith from the glittering Staff unfurld
  • Th’ Imperial Ensign, which full high advanc’t
  • Shon like a Meteor streaming to the Wind
  • With Gemms and Golden lustre rich imblaz’d,
  • Seraphic arms and Trophies: all the while
  • Sonorous mettal blowing Martial sounds:originalEd: 540
  • At which the universal Host upsent
  • A shout that tore Hells Concave, and beyond
  • Frighted the Reign of Chaos and old Night.
  • All in a moment through the gloom were seen
  • Ten thousand Banners rise into the Air
  • With Orient Colours waving: with them rose
  • A Forrest huge of Spears: and thronging Helms
  • Appear’d, and serried Shields in thick array
  • Of depth immeasurable: Anon they move
  • In perfect Phalanx to the Dorian moodoriginalEd: 550
  • Of Flutes and soft Recorders; such as rais’d
  • Edition: current; Page: [(195)]
  • To highth of noblest temper Hero’s old
  • Arming to Battel, and in stead of rage
  • Deliberate valour breath’d, firm and unmov’d
  • With dread of death to flight or foul retreat,
  • Nor wanting power to mitigate and swage
  • With solemn touches, troubl’d thoughts, and chase
  • Anguish and doubt and fear and sorrow and pain
  • From mortal or immortal minds. Thus they
  • Breathing united force with fixed thoughtoriginalEd: 560
  • Mov’d on in silence to soft Pipes that charm’d
  • Thir painful steps o’re the burnt soyle; and now
  • Advanc’t in view they stand, a horrid Front
  • Of dreadful length and dazling Arms, in guise
  • Of Warriers old with order’d Spear and Shield,
  • Awaiting what command thir mighty Chief
  • Had to impose: He through the armed Files
  • Darts his experienc’t eye, and soon traverse
  • The whole Battalion views, thir order due,
  • Thir visages and stature as of Gods,originalEd: 570
  • Thir number last he summs. And now his heart
  • Distends with pride, and hardning in his strength
  • Glories: For never since created man,
  • Met such imbodied force, as nam’d with these
  • Could merit more then that small infantry
  • Warr’d on by Cranes: though all the Giant brood
  • Of Phlegra with th’ Heroic Race were joyn’d
  • That fought at Theb’s and Ilium, on each side
  • Mixt with auxiliar Gods; and what resounds
  • In Fable or Romance of Uthers SonoriginalEd: 580
  • Begirt with British and Armoric Knights;
  • And all who since, Baptiz’d or Infidel
  • Jousted in Aspramont or Montalban,
  • Damasco, or Marocco, or Trebisond,
  • Or whom Biserta sent from Afric shore
  • When Charlemain with all his Peerage fell
  • By Fontarabbia. Thus far these beyond
  • Compare of mortal prowess, yet observ’d
  • Thir dread Commander: he above the rest
  • In shape and gesture proudly eminentoriginalEd: 590
  • Stood like a Towr; his form had yet not lost
  • All her Original brightness, nor appear’d
  • Less then Arch Angel ruind, and th’ excess
  • Edition: current; Page: [(196)]
  • Of Glory obscur’d: As when the Sun new ris’n
  • Looks through the Horizontal misty Air
  • Shorn of his Beams, or from behind the Moon
  • In dim Eclips disastrous twilight sheds
  • On half the Nations, and with fear of change
  • Perplexes Monarchs. Dark’n’d so, yet shon
  • Above them all th’ Arch Angel: but his faceoriginalEd: 600
  • Deep scars of Thunder had intrencht, and care
  • Sat on his faded cheek, but under Browes
  • Of dauntless courage, and considerate Pride
  • Waiting revenge: cruel his eye, but cast
  • Signs of remorse and passion to behold
  • The fellows of his crime, the followers rather
  • (Far other once beheld in bliss) condemn’d
  • For ever now to have their lot in pain,
  • Millions of Spirits for his fault amerc’t
  • Of Heav’n, and from Eternal Splendors flungoriginalEd: 610
  • For his revolt, yet faithfull how they stood,
  • Thir Glory witherd. As when Heavens Fire
  • Hath scath’d the Forrest Oaks, or Mountain Pines,
  • With singed top their stately growth though bare
  • Stands on the blasted Heath. He now prepar’d
  • To speak; whereat their doubl’d Ranks they bend
  • From Wing to Wing, and half enclose him round
  • With all his Peers: attention held them mute.
  • Thrice he assayd, and thrice in spite of scorn,
  • Tears such as Angels weep, burst forth: at lastoriginalEd: 620
  • Words interwove with sighs found out their way.
  • O Myriads of immortal Spirits, O Powers
  • Matchless, but with th’ Almighty, and that strife
  • Was not inglorious, though th’ event was dire,
  • As this place testifies, and this dire change
  • Hateful to utter: but what power of mind
  • Foreseeing or presaging, from the Depth
  • Of knowledge past or present, could have fear’d,
  • How such united force of Gods, how such
  • As stood like these, could ever know repulse?originalEd: 630
  • For who can yet beleeve, though after loss,
  • That all these puissant Legions, whose exile
  • Hath emptied Heav’n, shall faile to re-ascend
  • Self-rais’d, and repossess their native seat?
  • For me, be witness all the Host of Heav’n,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(197)]
  • If counsels different, or danger shun’d
  • By me, have lost our hopes. But he who reigns
  • Monarch in Heav’n, till then as one secure
  • Sat on his Throne, upheld by old repute,
  • Consent or custome, and his Regal StateoriginalEd: 640
  • Put forth at full, but still his strength conceal’d,
  • Which tempted our attempt, and wrought our fall.
  • Henceforth his might we know, and know our own
  • So as not either to provoke, or dread
  • New warr, provok’t; our better part remains
  • To work in close design, by fraud or guile
  • What force effected not: that he no less
  • At length from us may find, who overcomes
  • By force, hath overcome but half his foe.
  • Space may produce new Worlds; whereof so rifeoriginalEd: 650
  • There went a fame in Heav’n that he ere long
  • Intended to create, and therein plant
  • A generation, whom his choice regard
  • Should favour equal to the Sons of Heaven:
  • Thither, if but to prie, shall be perhaps
  • Our first eruption, thither or elsewhere:
  • For this Infernal Pit shall never hold
  • Cælestial Spirits in Bondage, nor th’ Abysse
  • Long under darkness cover. But these thoughts
  • Full Counsel must mature: Peace is despaird,originalEd: 660
  • For who can think Submission! Warr then, Warr
  • Open or understood must be resolv’d.
  • He spake: and to confirm his words, out-flew
  • Millions of flaming swords, drawn from the thighs
  • Of mighty Cherubim; the sudden blaze
  • Far round illumin’d hell: highly they rag’d
  • Against the Highest, and fierce with grasped arm’s
  • Clash’d on their sounding shields the din of war,
  • Hurling defiance toward the vault of Heav’n.
  • There stood a Hill not far whose griesly toporiginalEd: 670
  • Belch’d fire and rowling smoak; the rest entire
  • Shon with a glossie scurff, undoubted sign
  • That in his womb was hid metallic Ore,
  • The work of Sulphur. Thither wing’d with speed
  • A numerous Brigad hasten’d. As when bands
  • Of Pioners with Spade and Pickaxe arm’d
  • Forerun the Royal Camp, to trench a Field,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(198)]
  • Or cast a Rampart. Mammon led them on,
  • Mammon, the least erected Spirit that fell
  • From heav’n, for ev’n in heav’n his looks and thoughtsoriginalEd: 680
  • Were always downward bent, admiring more
  • The riches of Heav’ns pavement, trod’n Gold,
  • Then aught divine or holy else enjoy’d
  • In vision beatific: by him first
  • Men also, and by his suggestion taught,
  • Ransack’d the Center, and with impious hands
  • Rifl’d the bowels of their mother Earth
  • For Treasures better hid. Soon had his crew
  • Op’nd into the Hill a spacious wound
  • And dig’d out ribs of Gold. Let none admireoriginalEd: 690
  • That riches grow in Hell; that soyle may best
  • Deserve the pretious bane. And here let those
  • Who boast in mortal things, and wondring tell
  • Of Babel, and the works of Memphian Kings,
  • Learn how thir greatest Monuments of Fame,
  • And Strength and Art are easily outdone
  • By Spirits reprobate, and in an hour
  • What in an age they with incessant toyle
  • And hands innumerable scarce perform.
  • Nigh on the Plain in many cells prepar’d,originalEd: 700
  • That underneath had veins of liquid fire
  • Sluc’d from the Lake, a second multitude
  • With wondrous Art founded the massie Ore,
  • Severing each kinde, and scum’d the Bullion dross:
  • A third as soon had form’d within the ground
  • A various mould, and from the boyling cells
  • By strange conveyance fill’d each hollow nook,
  • As in an Organ from one blast of wind
  • To many a row of Pipes the sound-board breaths.
  • Anon out of the earth a Fabrick hugeoriginalEd: 710
  • Rose like an Exhalation, with the sound
  • Of Dulcet Symphonies and voices sweet,
  • Built like a Temple, where Pilasters round
  • Were set, and Doric pillars overlaid
  • With Golden Architrave; nor did there want
  • Cornice or Freeze, with bossy Sculptures grav’n,
  • The Roof was fretted Gold. Not Babilon,
  • Nor great Alcairo such magnificence
  • Edition: current; Page: [(199)]
  • Equal’d in all thir glories, to inshrine
  • Belus or Serapis thir Gods, or seatoriginalEd: 720
  • Thir Kings, when Ægypt with Assyria strove
  • In wealth and luxurie. Th’ ascending pile
  • Stood fixt her stately highth, and strait the dores
  • Op’ning thir brazen foulds discover wide
  • Within, her ample spaces, o’re the smooth
  • And level pavement: from the arched roof
  • Pendant by suttle Magic many a row
  • Of Starry Lamps and blazing Cressets fed
  • With Naphtha and Asphaltus yeilded light
  • As from a sky. The hasty multitudeoriginalEd: 730
  • Admiring enter’d, and the work some praise
  • And some the Architect: his hand was known
  • In Heav’n by many a Towred structure high,
  • Where Scepter’d Angels held thir residence,
  • And sat as Princes, whom the supreme King
  • Exalted to such power, and gave to rule,
  • Each in his Herarchie, the Orders bright.
  • Nor was his name unheard or unador’d
  • In ancient Greece; and in Ausonian land
  • Men called him Mulciber; and how he felloriginalEd: 740
  • From Heav’n, they fabl’d, thrown by angry Jove
  • Sheer o’re the Chrystal Battlements: from Morn
  • To Noon he fell, from Noon to dewy Eve,
  • A Summers day; and with the setting Sun
  • Dropt from the Zenith like a falling Star,
  • On Lemnos th’ Ægœan Ile: thus they relate,
  • Erring; for he with this rebellious rout
  • Fell long before; nor aught avail’d him now
  • To have built in Heav’n high Towrs; nor did he scape
  • By all his Engins, but was headlong sentoriginalEd: 750
  • With his industrious crew to build in bell.
  • Mean while the winged Haralds by command
  • Of Sovran power, with awful Ceremony
  • And Trumpets sound throughout the Host proclaim
  • A solemn Councel forthwith to be held
  • At Pandæmonium, the high Capital
  • Of Satan and his Peers: thir summons call’d
  • From every Band and squared Regiment
  • By place or choice the worthiest; they anon
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  • With hunderds and with thousands trooping cameoriginalEd: 760
  • Attended: all access was throng’d, the Gates
  • And Porches wide, but chief the spacious Hall
  • (Though like a cover’d field, where Champions bold
  • Wont ride in arm’d, and at the Soldans chair
  • Defi’d the best of Panim chivalry
  • To mortal combat or carreer with Lance)
  • Thick swarm’d, both on the ground and in the air,
  • Brusht with the hiss of russling wings. As Bees
  • In spring time, when the Sun with Taurus rides,
  • Poure forth thir populous youth about the HiveoriginalEd: 770
  • In clusters; they among fresh dews and flowers
  • Flie to and fro, or on the smoothed Plank,
  • The suburb of thir Straw-built Cittadel,
  • New rub’d with Baume, expatiate and confer
  • Thir State affairs. So thick the aerie crowd
  • Swarm’d and were straitn’d; till the Signal giv’n,
  • Behold a wonder! they but now who seemd
  • In bigness to surpass Earths Giant Sons
  • Now less then smallest Dwarfs, in narrow room
  • Throng numberless, like that Pigmean RaceoriginalEd: 780
  • Beyond the Indian Mount, or Faerie Elves,
  • Whose midnight Revels, by a Forrest side
  • Or Fountain some belated Peasant sees,
  • Or dreams he sees, while over head the Moon
  • Sits Arbitress, and neerer to the Earth
  • Wheels her pale course, they on thir mirth & dance
  • Intent, with jocond Music charm his ear;
  • At once with joy and fear his heart rebounds.
  • Thus incorporeal Spirits to smallest forms
  • Reduc’d thir shapes immense, and were at large,originalEd: 790
  • Though without number still amidst the Hall
  • Of that infernal Court. But far within
  • And in thir own dimensions like themselves
  • The great Seraphic Lords and Cherubim
  • In close recess and secret conclave sat
  • A thousand Demy-Gods on golden seat’s,
  • Frequent and full. After short silence then
  • And summons read, the great consult began.
The End of the First Book.
Edition: current; Page: [(201)]

BOOK II.

THE ARGUMENT.

The Consultation begun, Satan debates whether another Battel be to be hazarded for the recovery of Heaven: some advise it, others dissuade: A third proposal is prefer’d, mention’d before by Satan, to search the truth of that Prophesie or Tradition in Heaven concerning another world, and another kind of creature equal or not much inferiour to themselves, about this time to be created: Thir doubt who shall be sent on this difficult search: Satan thir chief undertakes alone the voyage, is honourd and applauded. The Councel thus ended, the rest betake them several wayes and to several imployments, as thir inclinations lead them, to entertain the time till Satan return. He passes on his Journey to Hell Gates, finds them shut, and who sat there to guard them, by whom at length they are op’nd, and discover to him the great Gulf between Hell and Heaven; with what difficulty he passes through, directed by Chaos, the Power of that place, to the sight of this new World which he sought.

  • High on a Throne of Royal State, which far
  • Outshon the wealth of Ormus and of Ind,
  • Or where the gorgeous East with richest hand
  • Showrs on her Kings Barbaric Pearl & Gold,
  • Satan exalted sat, by merit rais’d
  • To that bad eminence; and from despair
  • Thus high uplifted beyond hope, aspires
  • Beyond thus high, insatiate to pursue
  • Vain Warr with Heav’n, and by success untaught
  • His proud imaginations thus displaid.originalEd: 10
  • Powers and Dominions, Deities of Heav’n,
  • For since no deep within her gulf can hold
  • Immortal vigor, though opprest and fall’n,
  • I give not Heav’n for lost. From this descent
  • Celestial vertues rising, will appear

Argument l. 7 shall] should 1669

Edition: current; Page: [(202)]
  • More glorious and more dread then from no fall,
  • And trust themselves to fear no second fate:
  • Mee though just right, and the fixt Laws of Heav’n
  • Did first create your Leader, next, free choice,
  • With what besides, in Counsel or in Fight,originalEd: 20
  • Hath bin achievd of merit, yet this loss
  • Thus farr at least recover’d, hath much more
  • Establisht in a safe unenvied Throne
  • Yielded with full consent. The happier state
  • In Heav’n, which follows dignity, might draw
  • Envy from each inferior; but who here
  • Will envy whom the highest place exposes
  • Formost to stand against the Thunderers aime
  • Your bulwark, and condemns to greatest share
  • Of endless pain? where there is then no goodoriginalEd: 30
  • For which to strive, no strife can grow up there
  • From Faction; for none sure will claim in hell
  • Precedence, none, whose portion is so small
  • Of present pain, that with ambitious mind
  • Will covet more. With this advantage then
  • To union, and firm Faith, and firm accord,
  • More then can be in Heav’n, we now return
  • To claim our just inheritance of old,
  • Surer to prosper then prosperity
  • Could have assur’d us; and by what best way,originalEd: 40
  • Whether of open Warr or covert guile,
  • We now debate; who can advise, may speak.
  • He ceas’d, and next him Moloc, Scepter’d King
  • Stood up, the strongest and the fiercest Spirit
  • That fought in Heav’n; now fiercer by despair:
  • His trust was with th’ Eternal to be deem’d
  • Equal in strength, and rather then be less
  • Car’d not to be at all; with that care lost
  • Went all his fear: of God, or Hell, or worse
  • He reckd not, and these words thereafter spake.originalEd: 50
  • My sentence is for open Warr: Of Wiles,
  • More unexpert, I boast not: them let those
  • Contrive who need, or when they need, not now.
  • For while they sit contriving, shall the rest,
  • Millions that stand in Arms, and longing wait
  • The Signal to ascend, sit lingring here
  • Heav’ns fugitives, and for thir dwelling place
  • Edition: current; Page: [(203)]
  • Accept this dark opprobrious Den of shame,
  • The Prison of his Tyranny who Reigns
  • By our delay? no, let us rather chooseoriginalEd: 60
  • Arm’d with Hell flames and fury all at once
  • O’re Heav’ns high Towrs to force resistless way,
  • Turning our Tortures into horrid Arms
  • Against the Torturer; when to meet the noise
  • Of his Almighty Engin he shall hear
  • Infernal Thunder, and for Lightning see
  • Black fire and horror shot with equal rage
  • Among his Angels; and his Throne it self
  • Mixt with Tartarean Sulphur, and strange fire,
  • His own invented Torments. But perhapsoriginalEd: 70
  • The way seems difficult and steep to scale
  • With upright wing against a higher foe.
  • Let such bethink them, if the sleepy drench
  • Of that forgetful Lake benumme not still,
  • That in our proper motion we ascend
  • Up to our native seat: descent and fall
  • To us is adverse. Who but felt of late
  • When the fierce Foe hung on our brok’n Rear
  • Insulting, and pursu’d us through the Deep,
  • With what compulsion and laborious flightoriginalEd: 80
  • We sunk thus low? Th’ ascent is easie then;
  • Th’ event is fear’d; should we again provoke
  • Our stronger, some worse way his wrath may find
  • To our destruction: if there be in Hell
  • Fear to be worse destroy’d: what can be worse
  • Then to dwell here, driv’n out from bliss, condemn’d
  • In this abhorred deep to utter woe;
  • Where pain of unextinguishable fire
  • Must exercise us without hope of end
  • The Vassals of his anger, when the ScourgeoriginalEd: 90
  • Inexorably, and the torturing houre
  • Calls us to Penance? More destroy’d then thus
  • We should be quite abolisht and expire.
  • What fear we then? what doubt we to incense
  • His utmost ire? which to the highth enrag’d,
  • Will either quite consume us, and reduce
  • To nothing this essential, happier farr
  • Then miserable to have eternal being:
  • Or if our substance be indeed Divine,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(204)]
  • And cannot cease to be, we are at worstoriginalEd: 100
  • On this side nothing; and by proof we feel
  • Our power sufficient to disturb his Heav’n,
  • And with perpetual inrodes to Allarme,
  • Though inaccessible, his fatal Throne:
  • Which if not Victory is yet Revenge.
  • He ended frowning, and his look denounc’d
  • Desperate revenge, and Battel dangerous
  • To less then Gods. On th’ other side up rose
  • Belial, in act more graceful and humane;
  • A fairer person lost not Heav’n; he seemdoriginalEd: 110
  • For dignity compos’d and high exploit:
  • But all was false and hollow; though his Tongue
  • Dropt Manna, and could make the worse appear
  • The better reason, to perplex and dash
  • Maturest Counsels: for his thoughts were low;
  • To vice industrious, but to Nobler deeds
  • Timorous and slothful: yet he pleas’d the eare,
  • And with perswasive accent thus began.
  • I should be much for open Warr, O Peers,
  • As not behind in hate; if what was urg’doriginalEd: 120
  • Main reason to perswade immediate Warr,
  • Did not disswade me most, and seem to cast
  • Ominous conjecture on the whole success:
  • When he who most excels in fact of Arms,
  • In what he counsels and in what excels
  • Mistrustful, grounds his courage on despair
  • And utter dissolution, as the scope
  • Of all his aim, after some dire revenge.
  • First, what Revenge? the Towrs of Heav’n are fill’d
  • With Armed watch, that render all accessoriginalEd: 130
  • Impregnable; oft on the bordering Deep
  • Encamp thir Legions, or with obscure wing
  • Scout farr and wide into the Realm of night,
  • Scorning surprize. Or could we break our way
  • By force, and at our heels all Hell should rise
  • With blackest Insurrection, to confound
  • Heav’ns purest Light, yet our great Enemie
  • All incorruptible would on his Throne
  • Sit unpolluted, and th’ Ethereal mould
  • Incapable of stain would soon expeloriginalEd: 140
  • Her mischief, and purge off the baser fire
  • Edition: current; Page: [(205)]
  • Victorious. Thus repuls’d, our final hope
  • Is flat despair; we must exasperate
  • Th’ Almighty Victor to spend all his rage,
  • And that must end us, that must be our cure,
  • To be no more; sad cure; for who would loose,
  • Though full of pain, this intellectual being,
  • Those thoughts that wander through Eternity,
  • To perish rather, swallowd up and lost
  • In the wide womb of uncreated night,originalEd: 150
  • Devoid of sense and motion? and who knows,
  • Let this be good, whether our angry Foe
  • Can give it, or will ever? how he can
  • Is doubtful; that he never will is sure.
  • Will he, so wise, let loose at once his ire,
  • Belike through impotence, or unaware,
  • To give his Enemies thir wish, and end
  • Them in his anger, whom his anger saves
  • To punish endless? wherefore cease we then?
  • Say they who counsel Warr, we are decreed,originalEd: 160
  • Reserv’d and destin’d to Eternal woe;
  • Whatever doing, what can we suffer more,
  • What can we suffer worse? is this then worst,
  • Thus sitting, thus consulting, thus in Arms?
  • What when we fled amain, pursu’d and strook
  • With Heav’ns afflicting Thunder, and besought
  • The Deep to shelter us? this Hell then seem’d
  • A refuge from those wounds: or when we lay
  • Chain’d on the burning Lake? that sure was worse.
  • What if the breath that kindl’d those grim firesoriginalEd: 170
  • Awak’d should blow them into sevenfold rage
  • And plunge us in the Flames? or from above
  • Should intermitted vengeance Arme again
  • His red right hand to plague us? what if all
  • Her stores were op’n’d, and this Firmament
  • Of Hell should spout her Cataracts of Fire,
  • Impendent horrors, threatning hideous fall
  • One day upon our heads; while we perhaps
  • Designing or exhorting glorious Warr,
  • Caught in a fierie Tempest shall be hurl’doriginalEd: 180
  • Each on his rock transfixt, the sport and prey
  • Of racking whirlwinds, or for ever sunk
  • Under yon boyling Ocean, wrapt in Chains;
  • Edition: current; Page: [(206)]
  • There to converse with everlasting groans,
  • Unrespited, unpitied, unrepreevd,
  • Ages of hopeless end; this would be worse.
  • Warr therefore, open or conceal’d, alike
  • My voice disswades; for what can force or guile
  • With him, or who deceive his mind, whose eye
  • Views all things at one view? he from heav’ns highth
  • All these our motions vain, sees and derides;originalEd: 191
  • Not more Almighty to resist our might
  • Then wise to frustrate all our plots and wiles.
  • Shall we then live thus vile, the race of Heav’n
  • Thus trampl’d, thus expell’d to suffer here
  • Chains and these Torments? better these then worse
  • By my advice; since fate inevitable
  • Subdues us, and Omnipotent Decree
  • The Victors will. To suffer, as to doe,
  • Our strength is equal, nor the Law unjustoriginalEd: 200
  • That so ordains: this was at first resolv’d,
  • If we were wise, against so great a foe
  • Contending, and so doubtful what might fall.
  • I laugh, when those who at the Spear are bold
  • And vent’rous, if that fail them, shrink and fear
  • What yet they know must follow, to endure
  • Exile, or ignominy, or bonds, or pain,
  • The sentence of thir Conquerour: This is now
  • Our doom; which if we can sustain and bear,
  • Our Supream Foe in time may much remitoriginalEd: 210
  • His anger, and perhaps thus farr remov’d
  • Not mind us not offending, satisfi’d
  • With what is punish’t; whence these raging fires
  • Will slack’n, if his breath stir not thir flames.
  • Our purer essence then will overcome
  • Thir noxious vapour, or enur’d not feel,
  • Or chang’d at length, and to the place conformd
  • In temper and in nature, will receive
  • Familiar the fierce heat, and void of pain;
  • This horror will grow milde, this darkness light,originalEd: 220
  • Besides what hope the never-ending flight
  • Of future days may bring, what chance, what change
  • Worth waiting, since our present lot appeers
  • For happy though but ill, for ill not worst,
  • If we procure not to our selves more woe.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(207)]
  • Thus Belial with words cloath’d in reasons garb
  • Counsel’d ignoble ease, and peaceful sloath,
  • Not peace: and after him thus Mammon spake.
  • Either to disinthrone the King of Heav’n
  • We warr, if warr be best, or to regainoriginalEd: 230
  • Our own right lost: him to unthrone we then
  • May hope, when everlasting Fate shall yeild
  • To fickle Chance, and Chaos judge the strife:
  • The former vain to hope argues as vain
  • The latter: for what place can be for us
  • Within Heav’ns bound, unless Heav’ns Lord supream
  • We overpower? Suppose he should relent
  • And publish Grace to all, on promise made
  • Of new Subjection; with what eyes could we
  • Stand in his presence humble, and receiveoriginalEd: 240
  • Strict Laws impos’d, to celebrate his Throne
  • With warbl’d Hymns, and to his Godhead sing
  • Forc’t Halleluiahs; while he Lordly sits
  • Our envied Sovran, and his Altar breathes
  • Ambrosial Odours and Ambrosial Flowers,
  • Our servile offerings. This must be our task
  • In Heav’n, this our delight; how wearisom
  • Eternity so spent in worship paid
  • To whom we hate. Let us not then pursue
  • By force impossible, by leave obtain’doriginalEd: 250
  • Unacceptable, though in Heav’n, our state
  • Of splendid vassalage, but rather seek
  • Our own good from our selves, and from our own
  • Live to our selves, though in this vast recess,
  • Free, and to none accountable, preferring
  • Hard liberty before the easie yoke
  • Of servile Pomp. Our greatness will appear
  • Then most conspicuous, when great things of small,
  • Useful of hurtful, prosperous of adverse
  • We can create, and in what place so e’reoriginalEd: 260
  • Thrive under evil, and work ease out of pain
  • Through labour and endurance. This deep world
  • Of darkness do we dread? How oft amidst
  • Thick clouds and dark doth Heav’ns all-ruling Sire
  • Choose to reside, his Glory unobscur’d,
  • And with the Majesty of darkness round
  • Covers his Throne; from whence deep thunders roar
  • Edition: current; Page: [(208)]
  • Must’ring thir rage, and Heav’n resembles Hell?
  • As he our Darkness, cannot we his Light
  • Imitate when we please? This Desart soileoriginalEd: 270
  • Wants not her hidden lustre, Gemms and Gold;
  • Nor want we skill or art, from whence to raise
  • Magnificence; and what can Heav’n shew more?
  • Our torments also may in length of time
  • Become our Elements, these piercing Fires
  • As soft as now severe, our temper chang’d
  • Into their temper; which must needs remove
  • The sensible of pain. All things invite
  • To peaceful Counsels, and the settl’d State
  • Of order, how in safety best we mayoriginalEd: 280
  • Compose our present evils, with regard
  • Of what we are and where, dismissing quite
  • All thoughts of Warr; ye have what I advise.
  • He scarce had finisht, when such murmur filld
  • Th’ Assembly, as when hollow Rocks retain
  • The sound of blustring winds, which all night long
  • Had rous’d the Sea, now with hoarse cadence lull
  • Sea-faring men orewatcht, whose Bark by chance
  • Or Pinnace anchors in a craggy Bay
  • After the Tempest: Such applause was heardoriginalEd: 290
  • As Mammon ended, and his Sentence pleas’d,
  • Advising peace: for such another Field
  • They dreaded worse then Hell: so much the fear
  • Of Thunder and the Sword of Michael
  • Wrought still within them; and no less desire
  • To found this nether Empire, which might rise
  • By pollicy, and long process of time,
  • In emulation opposite to Heav’n.
  • Which when Bēëlzebub perceiv’d, then whom,
  • Satan except, none higher sat, with graveoriginalEd: 300
  • Aspect he rose, and in his rising seem’d
  • A Pillar of State; deep on his Front engraven
  • Deliberation sat and publick care;
  • And Princely counsel in his face yet shon,
  • Majestick though in ruin: sage he stood
  • With Atlantean shoulders fit to bear
  • The weight of mightiest Monarchies; his look
  • Drew audience and attention still as Night
  • Edition: current; Page: [(209)]
  • Or Summers Noon-tide air, while thus he spake.
  • Thrones and imperial Powers, off-spring of heav’n,originalEd: 310
  • Ethereal Vertues; or these Titles now
  • Must we renounce, and changing stile be call’d
  • Princes of Hell? for so the popular vote
  • Inclines, here to continue, and build up here
  • A growing Empire; doubtless; while we dream,
  • And know not that the King of Heav’n hath doom’d
  • This place our dungeon, not our safe retreat
  • Beyond his Potent arm, to live exempt
  • From Heav’ns high jurisdiction, in new League
  • Banded against his Throne, but to remaineoriginalEd: 320
  • In strictest bondage, though thus far remov’d,
  • Under th’ inevitable curb, reserv’d
  • His captive multitude: For he, be sure,
  • In highth or depth, still first and last will Reign
  • Sole King, and of his Kingdom loose no part
  • By our revolt, but over Hell extend
  • His Empire, and with Iron Scepter rule
  • Us here, as with his Golden those in Heav’n.
  • What sit we then projecting Peace and Warr?
  • Warr hath determin’d us, and foild with lossoriginalEd: 330
  • Irreparable; tearms of peace yet none
  • Voutsaf’t or sought; for what peace will be giv’n
  • To us enslav’d, but custody severe,
  • And stripes, and arbitrary punishment
  • Inflicted? and what peace can we return,
  • But to our power hostility and hate,
  • Untam’d reluctance, and revenge though slow,
  • Yet ever plotting how the Conquerour least
  • May reap his conquest, and may least rejoyce
  • In doing what we most in suffering feel?originalEd: 340
  • Nor will occasion want, nor shall we need
  • With dangerous expedition to invade
  • Heav’n, whose high walls fear no assault or Siege,
  • Or ambush from the Deep. What if we find
  • Some easier enterprize? There is a place
  • (If ancient and prophetic fame in Heav’n
  • Err not) another World, the happy seat
  • Of som new Race call’d Man, about this time
  • To be created like to us, though less
  • In power and excellence, but favour’d moreoriginalEd: 350
  • Edition: current; Page: [(210)]
  • Of him who rules above; so was his will
  • Pronounc’d among the Gods, and by an Oath,
  • That shook Heav’ns whol circumference, confirm’d.
  • Thither let us bend all our thoughts, to learn
  • What creatures there inhabit, of what mould,
  • Or substance, how endu’d, and what thir Power,
  • And where thir weakness, how attempted best,
  • By force or suttlety: Though Heav’n be shut,
  • And Heav’ns high Arbitrator sit secure
  • In his own strength, this place may lye expos’doriginalEd: 360
  • The utmost border of his Kingdom, left
  • To their defence who hold it: here perhaps
  • Som advantagious act may be achiev’d
  • By sudden onset, either with Hell fire
  • To waste his whole Creation, or possess
  • All as our own, and drive as we were driven,
  • The punie habitants, or if not drive,
  • Seduce them to our Party, that thir God
  • May prove thir foe, and with repenting hand
  • Abolish his own works. This would surpassoriginalEd: 370
  • Common revenge, and interrupt his joy
  • In our Confusion, and our Joy upraise
  • In his disturbance; when his darling Sons
  • Hurl’d headlong to partake with us, shall curse
  • Thir frail Originals, and faded bliss,
  • Faded so soon. Advise if this be worth
  • Attempting, or to sit in darkness here
  • Hatching vain Empires. Thus Bëëlzebub
  • Pleaded his devilish Counsel, first devis’d
  • By Satan, and in part propos’d: for whence,originalEd: 380
  • But from the Author of all ill could Spring
  • So deep a malice, to confound the race
  • Of mankind in one root, and Earth with Hell
  • To mingle and involve, done all to spite
  • The great Creatour? But thir spite still serves
  • His glory to augment. The bold design
  • Pleas’d highly those infernal States, and joy
  • Sparkl’d in all thir eyes; with full assent
  • They vote: whereat his speech he thus renews.
  • Well have ye judg’d, well ended long debate,originalEd: 390
  • Synod of Gods, and like to what ye are,
  • Great things resolv’d; which from the lowest deep
  • Edition: current; Page: [(211)]
  • Will once more lift us up, in spight of Fate,
  • Neerer our ancient Seat; perhaps in view
  • Of those bright confines, whence with neighbouring Arms
  • And opportune excursion we may chance
  • Re-enter Heav’n; or else in some milde Zone
  • Dwell not unvisited of Heav’ns fair Light
  • Secure, and at the brightning Orient beam
  • Purge off this gloom; the soft delicious Air,originalEd: 400
  • To heal the scarr of these corrosive Fires
  • Shall breath her balme. But first whom shall we send
  • In search of this new world, whom shall we find
  • Sufficient? who shall tempt with wandring feet
  • The dark unbottom’d infinite Abyss
  • And through the palpable obscure find out
  • His uncouth way, or spread his aerie flight
  • Upborn with indefatigable wings
  • Over the vast abrupt, ere he arrive
  • The happy Ile; what strength, what art can thenoriginalEd: 410
  • Suffice, or what evasion bear him safe
  • Through the strict Senteries and Stations thick
  • Of Angels watching round? Here he had need
  • All circumspection, and wee now no less
  • Choice in our suffrage; for on whom we send,
  • The weight of all and our last hope relies.
  • This said, he sat; and expectation held
  • His look suspence, awaiting who appeer’d
  • To second, or oppose, or undertake
  • The perilous attempt; but all sat mute,originalEd: 420
  • Pondering the danger with deep thoughts; and each
  • In others count’nance red his own dismay
  • Astonisht: none among the choice and prime
  • Of those Heav’n-warring Champions could be found
  • So hardie as to proffer or accept
  • Alone the dreadful voyage; till at last
  • Satan, whom now transcendent glory rais’d
  • Above his fellows, with Monarchal pride
  • Conscious of highest worth, unmov’d thus spake.
  • O Progeny of Heav’n, Empyreal Thrones,originalEd: 430
  • With reason hath deep silence and demurr
  • Seis’d us, though undismaid: long is the way
  • And hard, that out of Hell leads up to Light;
  • Edition: current; Page: [(212)]
  • Our prison strong, this huge convex of Fire,
  • Outrageous to devour, immures us round
  • Ninefold, and gates of burning Adamant
  • Barr’d over us prohibit all egress.
  • These past, if any pass, the void profound
  • Of unessential Night receives him next
  • Wide gaping, and with utter loss of beingoriginalEd: 440
  • Threatens him, plung’d in that abortive gulf.
  • If thence he scape into what ever world,
  • Or unknown Region, what remains him less
  • Then unknown dangers and as hard escape.
  • But I should ill become this Throne, O Peers,
  • And this Imperial Sov’ranty, adorn’d
  • With splendor, arm’d with power, if aught propos’d
  • And judg’d of public moment, in the shape
  • Of difficulty or danger could deterre
  • Me from attempting. Wherefore do I assumeoriginalEd: 450
  • These Royalties, and not refuse to Reign,
  • Refusing to accept as great a share
  • Of hazard as of honour, due alike
  • To him who Reigns, and so much to him due
  • Of hazard more, as he above the rest
  • High honourd sits? Go therefore mighty powers,
  • Terror of Heav’n, though fall’n; intend at home,
  • While here shall be our home, what best may ease
  • The present misery, and render Hell
  • More tollerable; if there be cure or charmoriginalEd: 460
  • To respite or deceive, or slack the pain
  • Of this ill Mansion: intermit no watch
  • Against a wakeful Foe, while I abroad
  • Through all the coasts of dark destruction seek
  • Deliverance for us all: this enterprize
  • None shall partake with me. Thus saying rose
  • The Monarch, and prevented all reply,
  • Prudent, least from his resolution rais’d
  • Others among the chief might offer now
  • (Certain to be refus’d) what erst they feard;originalEd: 470
  • And so refus’d might in opinion stand
  • His rivals, winning cheap the high repute
  • Which he through hazard huge must earn. But they
  • Dreaded not more th’ adventure then his voice
  • Forbidding; and at once with him they rose;
  • Edition: current; Page: [(213)]
  • Thir rising all at once was as the sound
  • Of Thunder heard remote. Towards him they bend
  • With awful reverence prone; and as a God
  • Extoll him equal to the highest in Heav’n:
  • Nor fail’d they to express how much they prais’d,originalEd: 480
  • That for the general safety he despis’d
  • His own: for neither do the Spirits damn’d
  • Loose all thir vertue; least bad men should boast
  • Thir specious deeds on earth, which glory excites,
  • Or close ambition varnisht o’re with zeal.
  • Thus they thir doubtful consultations dark
  • Ended rejoycing in thir matchless Chief:
  • As when from mountain tops the dusky clouds
  • Ascending, while the North wind sleeps, o’respread
  • Heavn’s chearful face, the lowring ElementoriginalEd: 490
  • Scowls ore the dark’nd lantskip Snow, or showre;
  • If chance the radiant Sun with farewell sweet
  • Extend his ev’ning beam, the fields revive,
  • The birds thir notes renew, and bleating herds
  • Attest thir joy, that hill and valley rings.
  • O shame to men! Devil with Devil damn’d
  • Firm concord holds, men onely disagree
  • Of Creatures rational, though under hope
  • Of heavenly Grace; and God proclaiming peace,
  • Yet live in hatred, enmitie, and strifeoriginalEd: 500
  • Among themselves, and levie cruel warres,
  • Wasting the Earth, each other to destroy:
  • As if (which might induce us to accord)
  • Man had not hellish foes anow besides,
  • That day and night for his destruction waite.
  • The Stygian Councel thus dissolv’d; and forth
  • In order came the grand infernal Peers,
  • Midst came thir mighty Paramount, and seemd
  • Alone th’ Antagonist of Heav’n, nor less
  • Then Hells dread Emperour with pomp Supream,originalEd: 510
  • And God-like imitated State; him round
  • A Globe of fierie Seraphim inclos’d
  • With bright imblazonrie, and horrent Arms.
  • Then of thir Session ended they bid cry
  • With Trumpets regal sound the great result:
  • Toward the four winds four speedy Cherubim
  • Edition: current; Page: [(214)]
  • Put to thir mouths the sounding Alchymie
  • By Haralds voice explain’d: the hollow Abyss
  • Heard farr and wide, and all the host of Hell
  • With deafning shout, return’d them loud acclaim.originalEd: 520
  • Thence more at ease thir minds and somwhat rais’d
  • By false presumptuous hope, the ranged powers
  • Disband, and wandring, each his several way
  • Pursues, as inclination or sad choice
  • Leads him perplext, where he may likeliest find
  • Truce to his restless thoughts, and entertain
  • The irksome hours, till his great Chief return.
  • Part on the Plain, or in the Air sublime
  • Upon the wing, or in swift race contend,
  • As at th’ Olympian Games or Pythian fields;originalEd: 530
  • Part curb thir fierie Steeds, or shun the Goal
  • With rapid wheels, or fronted Brigads form.
  • As when to warn proud Cities warr appears
  • Wag’d in the troubl’d Skie, and Armies rush
  • To Battel in the Clouds, before each Van
  • Pric forth the Aerie Knights, and couch thir spears
  • Till thickest Legions close; with feats of Arms
  • From either end of Heav’n the welkin burns.
  • Others with vast Typhœan rage more fell
  • Rend up both Rocks and Hills, and ride the AiroriginalEd: 540
  • In whirlwind; Hell scarce holds the wilde uproar.
  • As when Alcides from Oealia Crown’d
  • With conquest, felt th’ envenom’d robe, and tore
  • Through pain up by the roots Thessalian Pines,
  • And Lichas from the top of Oeta threw
  • Into th’ Euboic Sea. Others more milde,
  • Retreated in a silent valley, sing
  • With notes Angelical to many a Harp
  • Thir own Heroic deeds and hapless fall
  • By doom of Battel; and complain that FateoriginalEd: 550
  • Free Vertue should enthrall to Force or Chance.
  • Thir song was partial, but the harmony
  • (What could it less when Spirits immortal sing?)
  • Suspended Hell, and took with ravishment
  • The thronging audience. In discourse more sweet
  • (For Eloquence the Soul, Song charms the Sense,)
  • Others apart sat on a Hill retir’d,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(215)]
  • In thoughts more elevate, and reason’d high
  • Of Providence, Foreknowledge, Will, and Fate,
  • Fixt Fate, free will, foreknowledge absolute,originalEd: 560
  • And found no end, in wandring mazes lost.
  • Of good and evil much they argu’d then,
  • Of happiness and final misery,
  • Passion and Apathie, and glory and shame,
  • Vain wisdom all, and false Philosophie:
  • Yet with a pleasing sorcerie could charm
  • Pain for a while or anguish, and excite
  • Fallacious hope, or arm th’ obdured brest
  • With stubborn patience as with triple steel.
  • Another part in Squadrons and gross BandsoriginalEd: 570
  • On bold adventure to discover wide
  • That dismal World, if any Clime perhaps
  • Might yeild them easier habitation, bend
  • Four ways thir flying March, along the Banks
  • Of four infernal Rivers that disgorge
  • Into the burning Lake thir baleful streams;
  • Abhorred Styx the flood of deadly hate,
  • Sad Acheron of Sorrow, black and deep;
  • Cocytus, nam’d of lamentation loud
  • Heard on the ruful stream; fierce PhlegetonoriginalEd: 580
  • Whose waves of torrent fire inflame with rage.
  • Farr off from these a slow and silent stream,
  • Lethe the River of Oblivion roules
  • Her watrie Labyrinth, whereof who drinks,
  • Forthwith his former state and being forgets,
  • Forgets both joy and grief, pleasure and pain.
  • Beyond this flood a frozen Continent
  • Lies dark and wilde, beat with perpetual storms
  • Of Whirlwind and dire Hail, which on firm land
  • Thaws not, but gathers heap, and ruin seemsoriginalEd: 590
  • Of ancient pile; all else deep snow and ice,
  • A gulf profound as that Serbonian Bog
  • Betwixt Damiata and mount Casius old,
  • Where Armies whole have sunk: the parching Air
  • Burns frore, and cold performs th’ effect of Fire.
  • Thither by harpy-footed Furies hail’d,
  • At certain revolutions all the damn’d
  • Are brought: and feel by turns the bitter change
  • Of fierce extreams, extreams by change more fierce,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(216)]
  • From Beds of raging Fire to starve in IceoriginalEd: 600
  • Thir soft Ethereal warmth, and there to pine
  • Immovable, infixt, and frozen round,
  • Periods of time, thence hurried back to fire.
  • They ferry over this Lethean Sound
  • Both to and fro, thir sorrow to augment,
  • And wish and struggle, as they pass, to reach
  • The tempting stream, with one small drop to loose
  • In sweet forgetfulness all pain and woe,
  • All in one moment, and so neer the brink;
  • But fate withstands, and to oppose th’ attemptoriginalEd: 610
  • Medusa with Gorgonian terror guards
  • The Ford, and of it self the water flies
  • All taste of living wight, as once it fled
  • The lip of Tantalus. Thus roving on
  • In confus’d march forlorn, th’ adventrous Bands
  • With shuddring horror pale, and eyes agast
  • View’d first thir lamentable lot, and found
  • No rest: through many a dark and drearie Vaile
  • They pass’d, and many a Region dolorous,
  • O’re many a Frozen, many a Fierie Alpe,originalEd: 620
  • Rocks, Caves, Lakes, Fens, Bogs, Dens, and shades of death,
  • A Universe of death, which God by curse
  • Created evil, for evil only good,
  • Where all life dies, death lives, and nature breeds,
  • Perverse, all monstrous, all prodigious things,
  • Abominable, inutterable, and worse
  • Then Fables yet have feign’d, or fear conceiv’d,
  • Gorgons and Hydra’s, and Chimera’s dire.
  • Mean while the Adversary of God and Man,
  • Satan with thoughts inflam’d of highest design,originalEd: 630
  • Puts on swift wings, and toward the Gates of Hell
  • Explores his solitary flight; som times
  • He scours the right hand coast, som times the left,
  • Now shaves with level wing the Deep, then soares
  • Up to the fiery concave touring high.
  • As when farr off at Sea a Fleet descri’d
  • Hangs in the Clouds, by Æquinoctial Winds
  • Close sailing from Bengala, or the Iles
  • Of Ternate and Tidore, whence Merchants bring
  • Thir spicie Drugs: they on the trading FloodoriginalEd: 640
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  • Through the wide Ethiopian to the Cape
  • Ply stemming nightly toward the Pole. So seem’d
  • Farr off the flying Fiend: at last appeer
  • Hell bounds high reaching to the horrid Roof,
  • And thrice threefold the Gates; three folds were Brass,
  • Three Iron, three of Adamantine Rock,
  • Impenitrable, impal’d with circling fire,
  • Yet unconsum’d. Before the Gates there sat
  • On either side a formidable shape;
  • The one seem’d Woman to the waste, and fair,originalEd: 650
  • But ended foul in many a scaly fould
  • Voluminous and vast, a Serpent arm’d
  • With mortal sting: about her middle round
  • A cry of Hell Hounds never ceasing bark’d
  • With wide Cerberean mouths full loud, and rung
  • A hideous Peal: yet, when they list, would creep,
  • If aught disturb’d thir noyse, into her woomb,
  • And kennel there, yet there still bark’d and howl’d
  • Within unseen. Farr less abhorrd then these
  • Vex’d Scylla bathing in the Sea that partsoriginalEd: 660
  • Calabria from the hoarce Trinacrian shore:
  • Nor uglier follow the Night-Hag, when call’d
  • In secret, riding through the Air she comes
  • Lur’d with the smell of infant blood, to dance
  • With Lapland Witches, while the labouring Moon
  • Eclipses at thir charms. The other shape,
  • If shape it might be call’d that shape had none
  • Distinguishable in member, joynt, or limb,
  • Or substance might be call’d that shadow seem’d,
  • For each seem’d either; black it stood as Night,originalEd: 670
  • Fierce as ten Furies, terrible as Hell,
  • And shook a dreadful Dart; what seem’d his head
  • The likeness of a Kingly Crown had on.
  • Satan was now at hand, and from his seat
  • The Monster moving onward came as fast,
  • With horrid strides, Hell trembled as he strode.
  • Th’ undaunted Fiend what this might be admir’d,
  • Admir’d, not fear’d; God and his Son except,
  • Created thing naught vallu’d he nor shun’d;
  • And with disdainful look thus first began.originalEd: 680
  • Whence and what art thou, execrable shape,
  • That dar’st, though grim and terrible, advance
  • Edition: current; Page: [(218)]
  • Thy miscreated Front athwart my way
  • To yonder Gates? through them I mean to pass,
  • That be assured, without leave askt of thee:
  • Retire, or taste thy folly, and learn by proof,
  • Hell-born, not to contend with Spirits of Heav’n.
  • To whom the Goblin full of wrauth reply’d,
  • Art thou that Traitor Angel, art thou hee,
  • Who first broke peace in Heav’n and Faith, till thenoriginalEd: 690
  • Unbrok’n, and in proud rebellious Arms
  • Drew after him the third part of Heav’ns Sons
  • Conjur’d against the highest, for which both Thou
  • And they outcast from God, are here condemn’d
  • To waste Eternal daies in woe and pain?
  • And reck’n’st thou thy self with Spirits of Heav’n,
  • Hell-doomd, and breath’st defiance here and scorn,
  • Where I reign King, and to enrage thee more,
  • Thy King and Lord? Back to thy punishment,
  • False fugitive, and to thy speed add wings,originalEd: 700
  • Least with a whip of Scorpions I pursue
  • Thy lingring, or with one stroke of this Dart
  • Strange horror seise thee, and pangs unfelt before.
  • So spake the grieslie terrour, and in shape,
  • So speaking and so threatning, grew ten fold
  • More dreadful and deform: on th’ other side
  • Incenc’t with indignation Satan stood
  • Unterrifi’d, and like a Comet burn’d,
  • That fires the length of Ophiucus huge
  • In th’ Artick Sky, and from his horrid hairoriginalEd: 710
  • Shakes Pestilence and Warr. Each at the Head
  • Level’d his deadly aime; thir fatall hands
  • No second stroke intend, and such a frown
  • Each cast at th’ other, as when two black Clouds
  • With Heav’ns Artillery fraught, come rattling on
  • Over the Caspian, then stand front to front
  • Hov’ring a space, till Winds the signal blow
  • To joyn thir dark Encounter in mid air:
  • So frownd the mighty Combatants, that Hell
  • Grew darker at thir frown, so matcht they stood;originalEd: 720
  • For never but once more was either like
  • To meet so great a foe: and now great deeds
  • Had been achiev’d, whereof all Hell had rung,
  • Had not the Snakie Sorceress that sat
  • Edition: current; Page: [(219)]
  • Fast by Hell Gate, and kept the fatal Key,
  • Ris’n, and with hideous outcry rush’d between.
  • O Father, what intends thy hand, she cry’d,
  • Against thy only Son? What fury O Son,
  • Possesses thee to bend that mortal Dart
  • Against thy Fathers head? and know’st for whom;originalEd: 730
  • For him who sits above and laughs the while
  • At thee ordain’d his drudge, to execute
  • What e’re his wrath, which he calls Justice, bids,
  • His wrath which one day will destroy ye both.
  • She spake, and at her words the hellish Pest
  • Forbore, then these to her Satan return’d:
  • So strange thy outcry, and thy words so strange
  • Thou interposest, that my sudden hand
  • Prevented spares to tell thee yet by deeds
  • What it intends; till first I know of thee,originalEd: 740
  • What thing thou art, thus double-form’d, and why
  • In this infernal Vaile first met thou call’st
  • Me Father, and that Fantasm call’st my Son?
  • I know thee not, nor ever saw till now
  • Sight more detestable then him and thee.
  • T’ whom thus the Portress of Hell Gate reply’d;
  • Hast thou forgot me then, and do I seem
  • Now in thine eye so foul, once deemd so fair
  • In Heav’n, when at th’ Assembly, and in sight
  • Of all the Seraphim with thee combin’doriginalEd: 750
  • In bold conspiracy against Heav’ns King,
  • All on a sudden miserable pain
  • Surpris’d thee, dim thine eyes, and dizzie swumm
  • In darkness, while thy head flames thick and fast
  • Threw forth, till on the left side op’ning wide,
  • Likest to thee in shape and count’nance bright,
  • Then shining heav’nly fair, a Goddess arm’d
  • Out of thy head I sprung; amazement seis’d
  • All th’ Host of Heav’n; back they recoild affraid
  • At first, and call’d me Sin, and for a SignoriginalEd: 760
  • Portentous held me; but familiar grown,
  • I pleas’d, and with attractive graces won
  • The most averse, thee chiefly, who full oft
  • Thy self in me thy perfect image viewing
  • Becam’st enamour’d, and such joy thou took’st
  • With me in secret, that my womb conceiv’d
  • Edition: current; Page: [(220)]
  • A growing burden. Mean while Warr arose,
  • And fields were fought in Heav’n; wherein remaind
  • (For what could else) to our Almighty Foe
  • Cleer Victory, to our part loss and routoriginalEd: 770
  • Through all the Empyrean: down they fell
  • Driv’n headlong from the Pitch of Heaven, down
  • Into this Deep, and in the general fall
  • I also; at which time this powerful Key
  • Into my hand was giv’n, with charge to keep
  • These Gates for ever shut, which none can pass
  • Without my op’ning. Pensive here I sat
  • Alone, but long I sat not, till my womb
  • Pregnant by thee, and now excessive grown
  • Prodigious motion felt and rueful throes.originalEd: 780
  • At last this odious offspring whom thou seest
  • Thine own begotten, breaking violent way
  • Tore through my entrails, that with fear and pain
  • Distorted, all my nether shape thus grew
  • Transform’d: but he my inbred enemie
  • Forth issu’d, brandishing his fatal Dart
  • Made to destroy: I fled, and cry’d out Death;
  • Hell trembl’d at the hideous Name, and sigh’d
  • From all her Caves, and back resounded Death.
  • I fled, but he pursu’d (though more, it seems,originalEd: 790
  • Inflam’d with lust then rage) and swifter far,
  • Me overtook his mother all dismaid,
  • And in embraces forcible and foule
  • Ingendring with me, of that rape begot
  • These yelling Monsters that with ceasless cry
  • Surround me, as thou sawst, hourly conceiv’d
  • And hourly born, with sorrow infinite
  • To me, for when they list into the womb
  • That bred them they return, and howle and gnaw
  • My Bowels, their repast; then bursting forthoriginalEd: 800
  • Afresh with conscious terrours vex me round,
  • That rest or intermission none I find.
  • Before mine eyes in opposition sits
  • Grim Death my Son and foe, who sets them on,
  • And me his Parent would full soon devour
  • For want of other prey, but that he knows
  • His end with mine involvd; and knows that I
  • Should prove a bitter Morsel, and his bane,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(221)]
  • When ever that shall be; so Fate pronounc’d.
  • But thou O Father, I forewarn thee, shunoriginalEd: 810
  • His deadly arrow; neither vainly hope
  • To be invulnerable in those bright Arms,
  • Though temper’d heav’nly, for that mortal dint,
  • Save he who reigns above, none can resist.
  • She finish’d, and the suttle Fiend his lore
  • Soon learnd, now milder, and thus answerd smooth.
  • Dear Daughter, since thou claim’st me for thy Sire,
  • And my fair Son here showst me, the dear pledge
  • Of dalliance had with thee in Heav’n, and joys
  • Then sweet, now sad to mention, through dire changeoriginalEd: 820
  • Befalln us unforeseen, unthought of, know
  • I come no enemie, but to set free
  • From out this dark and dismal house of pain,
  • Both him and thee, and all the heav’nly Host
  • Of Spirits that in our just pretenses arm’d
  • Fell with us from on high: from them I go
  • This uncouth errand sole, and one for all
  • My self expose, with lonely steps to tread
  • Th’ unfounded deep, & through the void immense
  • To search with wandring quest a place foretoldoriginalEd: 830
  • Should be, and, by concurring signs, ere now
  • Created vast and round, a place of bliss
  • In the Pourlieues of Heav’n, and therein plac’t
  • A race of upstart Creatures, to supply
  • Perhaps our vacant room, though more remov’d,
  • Least Heav’n surcharg’d with potent multitude
  • Might hap to move new broiles: Be this or aught
  • Then this more secret now design’d, I haste
  • To know, and this once known, shall soon return,
  • And bring ye to the place where Thou and DeathoriginalEd: 840
  • Shall dwell at ease, and up and down unseen
  • Wing silently the buxom Air, imbalm’d
  • With odours; there ye shall be fed and fill’d
  • Immeasurably, all things shall be your prey.
  • He ceas’d, for both seemd highly pleasd, and Death
  • Grinnd horrible a gastly smile, to hear
  • His famine should be fill’d, and blest his mawe
  • Destin’d to that good hour: no less rejoyc’d
  • His mother bad, and thus bespake her Sire.
  • The key of this infernal Pit by due,originalEd: 850
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  • And by command of Heav’ns all-powerful King
  • I keep, by him forbidden to unlock
  • These Adamantine Gates; against all force
  • Death ready stands to interpose his dart,
  • Fearless to be o’rematcht by living might.
  • But what ow I to his commands above
  • Who hates me, and hath hither thrust me down
  • Into this gloom of Tartarus profound,
  • To sit in hateful Office here confin’d,
  • Inhabitant of Heav’n, and heav’nlie-born,originalEd: 860
  • Here in perpetual agonie and pain,
  • With terrors and with clamors compasst round
  • Of mine own brood, that on my bowels feed:
  • Thou art my Father, thou my Author, thou
  • My being gav’st me; whom should I obey
  • But thee, whom follow? thou wilt bring me soon
  • To that new world of light and bliss, among
  • The Gods who live at ease, where I shall Reign
  • At thy right hand voluptuous, as beseems
  • Thy daughter and thy darling, without end.originalEd: 870
  • Thus saying, from her side the fatal Key,
  • Sad instrument of all our woe, she took;
  • And towards the Gate rouling her bestial train,
  • Forthwith the huge Portcullis high up drew,
  • Which but her self not all the Stygian powers
  • Could once have mov’d; then in the key-hole turns
  • Th’ intricate wards, and every Bolt and Bar
  • Of massie Iron or sollid Rock with ease
  • Unfast’ns: on a sudden op’n flie
  • With impetuous recoile and jarring soundoriginalEd: 880
  • Th’ infernal dores, and on thir hinges grate
  • Harsh Thunder, that the lowest bottom shook
  • Of Erebus. She op’nd, but to shut
  • Excel’d her power; the Gates wide op’n stood,
  • That with extended wings a Bannerd Host
  • Under spread Ensigns marching might pass through
  • With Horse and Chariots rankt in loose array;
  • So wide they stood, and like a Furnace mouth
  • Cast forth redounding smoak and ruddy flame.
  • Before thir eyes in sudden view appearoriginalEd: 890
  • The secrets of the hoarie deep, a dark
  • Illimitable Ocean without bound,
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  • Without dimension, where length, breadth, and highth,
  • And time and place are lost; where eldest Night
  • And Chaos, Ancestors of Nature, hold
  • Eternal Anarchie, amidst the noise
  • Of endless warrs, and by confusion stand.
  • For hot, cold, moist, and dry, four Champions fierce
  • Strive here for Maistrie, and to Battel bring
  • Thir embryon Atoms; they around the flagoriginalEd: 900
  • Of each his faction, in thir several Clanns,
  • Light-arm’d or heavy, sharp, smooth, swift or slow,
  • Swarm populous, unnumber’d as the Sands
  • Of Barca or Cyrene’s torrid soil,
  • Levied to side with warring Winds, and poise
  • Thir lighter wings. To whom these most adhere,
  • Hee rules a moment; Chaos Umpire sits,
  • And by decision more imbroiles the fray
  • By which he Reigns: next him high Arbiter
  • Chance governs all. Into this wilde Abyss,originalEd: 910
  • The Womb of nature and perhaps her Grave,
  • Of neither Sea, nor Shore, nor Air, nor Fire,
  • But all these in thir pregnant causes mixt
  • Confus’dly, and which thus must ever fight,
  • Unless th’ Almighty Maker them ordain
  • His dark materials to create more Worlds,
  • Into this wild Abyss the warie fiend
  • Stood on the brink of Hell and look’d a while,
  • Pondering his Voyage: for no narrow frith
  • He had to cross. Nor was his eare less peal’doriginalEd: 920
  • With noises loud and ruinous (to compare
  • Great things with small) then when Bellona storms,
  • With all her battering Engines bent to rase
  • Som Capital City, or less then if this frame
  • Of Heav’n were falling, and these Elements
  • In mutinie had from her Axle torn
  • The stedfast Earth. At last his Sail-broad Vannes
  • He spreads for flight, and in the surging smoak
  • Uplifted spurns the ground, thence many a League
  • As in a cloudy Chair ascending ridesoriginalEd: 930
  • Audacious, but that seat soon failing, meets
  • A vast vacuitie: all unawares
  • Fluttring his pennons vain plumb down he drops
  • Ten thousand fadom deep, and to this hour
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  • Down had been falling, had not by ill chance
  • The strong rebuff of som tumultuous cloud
  • Instinct with Fire and Nitre hurried him
  • As many miles aloft: that furie stay’d,
  • Quencht in a Boggie Syrtis, neither Sea,
  • Nor good dry Land: nigh founderd on he fares,originalEd: 940
  • Treading the crude consistence, half on foot,
  • Half flying; behoves him now both Oare and Saile.
  • As when a Gryfon through the Wilderness
  • With winged course ore Hill or moarie Dale,
  • Pursues the Arimaspian, who by stelth
  • Had from his wakeful custody purloind
  • The guarded Gold: So eagerly the fiend
  • Ore bog or steep, through strait, rough, dense, or rare,
  • With head, hands, wings, or feet pursues his way,
  • And swims or sinks, or wades, or creeps, or flyes:originalEd: 950
  • At length a universal hubbub wilde
  • Of stunning sounds and voices all confus’d
  • Born through the hollow dark assaults his eare
  • With loudest vehemence: thither he plyes,
  • Undaunted to meet there what ever power
  • Or Spirit of the nethermost Abyss
  • Might in that noise reside, of whom to ask
  • Which way the neerest coast of darkness lyes
  • Bordering on light; when strait behold the Throne
  • Of Chaos, and his dark Pavilion spreadoriginalEd: 960
  • Wide on the wasteful Deep; with him Enthron’d
  • Sat Sable-vested Night, eldest of things,
  • The Consort of his Reign; and by them stood
  • Orcus and Ades, and the dreaded name
  • Of Demogorgon; Rumor next and Chance,
  • And Tumult and Confusion all imbroild,
  • And Discord with a thousand various mouths.
  • T’ whom Satan turning boldly, thus. Ye Powers
  • And Spirits of this nethermost Abyss,
  • Chaos and ancient Night, I come no Spie,originalEd: 970
  • With purpose to explore or to disturb
  • The secrets of your Realm, but by constraint
  • Wandring this darksome desart, as my way
  • Lies through your spacious Empire up to light,
  • Alone, and without guide, half lost, I seek
  • What readiest path leads where your gloomie bounds
  • Edition: current; Page: [(225)]
  • Confine with Heav’n; or if som other place
  • From your Dominion won, th’ Ethereal King
  • Possesses lately, thither to arrive
  • I travel this profound, direct my course;originalEd: 980
  • Directed, no mean recompence it brings
  • To your behoof, if I that Region lost,
  • All usurpation thence expell’d, reduce
  • To her original darkness and your sway
  • (Which is my present journey) and once more
  • Erect the Standerd there of ancient Night;
  • Yours be th’ advantage all, mine the revenge.
  • Thus Satan; and him thus the Anarch old
  • With faultring speech and visage incompos’d
  • Answer’d. I know thee, stranger, who thou art,originalEd: 990
  • That mighty leading Angel, who of late
  • Made head against Heav’ns King, though overthrown.
  • I saw and heard, for such a numerous host
  • Fled not in silence through the frighted deep
  • With ruin upon ruin, rout on rout,
  • Confusion worse confounded; and Heav’n Gates
  • Pourd out by millions her victorious Bands
  • Pursuing. I upon my Frontieres here
  • Keep residence; if all I can will serve,
  • That little which is left so to defendoriginalEd: 1000
  • Encroacht on still through our intestine broiles
  • Weakning the Scepter of old Night: first Hell
  • Your dungeon stretching far and wide beneath;
  • Now lately Heaven and Earth, another World
  • Hung ore my Realm, link’d in a golden Chain
  • To that side Heav’n from whence your Legions fell:
  • If that way be your walk, you have not farr;
  • So much the neerer danger; goe and speed;
  • Havock and spoil and ruin are my gain.
  • He ceas’d; and Satan staid not to reply,originalEd: 1010
  • But glad that now his Sea should find a shore,
  • With fresh alacritie and force renew’d
  • Springs upward like a Pyramid of fire
  • Into the wilde Expanse, and through the shock
  • Of fighting Elements, on all sides round
  • Environ’d wins his way; harder beset
  • And more endanger’d, then when Argo pass’d
  • Through Bosporus betwixt the justling Rocks:
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  • Or when Ulysses on the Larbord shunnd
  • Charybdis, and by th’ other whirlpool steard.originalEd: 1020
  • So he with difficulty and labour hard
  • Mov’d on, with difficulty and labour hee;
  • But hee once past, soon after when man fell,
  • Strange alteration! Sin and Death amain
  • Following his track, such was the will of Heav’n,
  • Pav’d after him a broad and beat’n way
  • Over the dark Abyss, whose boiling Gulf
  • Tamely endur’d a Bridge of wondrous length
  • From Hell continu’d reaching th’ utmost Orbe
  • Of this frail World; by which the Spirits perverseoriginalEd: 1030
  • With easie intercourse pass to and fro
  • To tempt or punish mortals, except whom
  • God and good Angels guard by special grace.
  • But now at last the sacred influence
  • Of light appears, and from the walls of Heav’n
  • Shoots farr into the bosom of dim Night
  • A glimmering dawn; here Nature first begins
  • Her fardest verge, and Chaos to retire
  • As from her outmost works a brok’n foe
  • With tumult less and with less hostile din,originalEd: 1040
  • That Satan with less toil, and now with ease
  • Wafts on the calmer wave by dubious light
  • And like a weather-beaten Vessel holds
  • Gladly the Port, though Shrouds and Tackle torn;
  • Or in the emptier waste, resembling Air,
  • Weighs his spread wings, at leasure to behold
  • Farr off th’ Empyreal Heav’n, extended wide
  • In circuit, undetermind square or round,
  • With Opal Towrs and Battlements adorn’d
  • Of living Saphire, once his native Seat;originalEd: 1050
  • And fast by hanging in a golden Chain
  • This pendant world, in bigness as a Starr
  • Of smallest Magnitude close by the Moon.
  • Thither full fraught with mischievous revenge,
  • Accurst, and in a cursed hour he hies.
  • The End of the Second Book.
Edition: current; Page: [(227)]

BOOK III.

THE ARGUMENT.

God sitting on his Throne sees Satan flying towards this world, then newly created; shews him to the Son who sat at his right hand; foretells the success of Satan in perverting mankind; clears his own Justice and Wisdom from all imputation, having created Man free and able enough to have withstood his Tempter; yet declares his purpose of grace towards him, in regard he fell not of his own malice, as did Satan, but by him seduc’t. The Son of God renders praises to his Father for the manifestation of his gracious purpose towards Man; but God again declares, that Grace cannot be extended towards Man without the satisfaction of divine Justice; Man hath offended the majesty of God by aspiring to Godhead, and therefore with all his Progeny devoted to death must dye, unless some one can be found sufficient to answer for his offence, and undergoe his Punishment. The Son of God freely offers himself a Ransome for Man: the Father accepts him, ordains his incarnation, pronounces his exaltation above all Names in Heaven and Earth; commands all the Angels to adore him; they obey, and hymning to their Harps in full Quire, celebrate the Father and the Son. Mean while Satan alights upon the bare convex of this Worlds outermost Orb; where wandring he first finds a place since call’d The Lymbo of Vanity; what persons and things fly up thither; thence comes to the Gate of Heaven, describ’d ascending by stairs, and the waters above the Firmament that flow about it: His passage thence to the Orb of the Sun; he finds there Uriel the Regent of that Orb, but first changes himself into the shape of a meaner Angel; and pretending a sealous desire to behold the new Creation and Man whom God had plac’t here, inquires of him the place of his habitation, and is directed; alights first on Mount Niphates.

  • Hail holy light, ofspring of Heav’n first-born,
  • Or of th’ Eternal Coeternal beam
  • May I express thee unblam’d? since God is light,
  • And never but in unapproached light
  • Edition: current; Page: [(228)]
  • Dwelt from Eternitie, dwelt then in thee,
  • Bright effluence of bright essence increate.
  • Or hear’st thou rather pure Ethereal stream,
  • Whose Fountain who shall tell? before the Sun,
  • Before the Heavens thou wert, and at the voice
  • Of God, as with a Mantle didst investoriginalEd: 10
  • The rising world of waters dark and deep,
  • Won from the void and formless infinite.
  • Thee I re-visit now with bolder wing,
  • Escap’t the Stygian Pool, though long detain’d
  • In that obscure sojourn, while in my flight
  • Through utter and through middle darkness borne
  • With other notes then to th’ Orphean Lyre
  • I sung of Chaos and Eternal Night,
  • Taught by the heav’nly Muse to venture down
  • The dark descent, and up to reascend,originalEd: 20
  • Though hard and rare: thee I revisit safe,
  • And feel thy sovran vital Lamp; but thou
  • Revisit’st not these eyes, that rowle in vain
  • To find thy piercing ray, and find no dawn;
  • So thick a drop serene hath quencht thir Orbs,
  • Or dim suffusion veild. Yet not the more
  • Cease I to wander where the Muses haunt
  • Cleer Spring, or shadie Grove, or Sunnie Hill,
  • Smit with the love of sacred song; but chief
  • Thee Sion and the flowrie Brooks beneathoriginalEd: 30
  • That wash thy hallowd feet, and warbling flow,
  • Nightly I visit: nor somtimes forget
  • Those other two equal’d with me in Fate,
  • So were I equal’d with them in renown,
  • Blind Thamyris and blind Mæonides,
  • And Tiresias and Phineus Prophets old.
  • Then feed on thoughts, that voluntarie move
  • Harmonious numbers; as the wakeful Bird
  • Sings darkling, and in shadiest Covert hid
  • Tunes her noctural Note. Thus with the YearoriginalEd: 40
  • Seasons return, but not to me returns
  • Day, or the sweet approach of Ev’n or Morn,
  • Or sight of vernal bloom, or Summers Rose,
  • Or flocks, or herds, or human face divine;
  • But cloud in stead, and ever-during dark
  • Surrounds me, from the chearful waies of men
  • Edition: current; Page: [(229)]
  • Cut off, and for the Book of knowledg fair
  • Presented with a Universal blanc
  • Of Natures works to mee expung’d and ras’d,
  • And wisdome at one entrance quite shut out.originalEd: 50
  • So much the rather thou Celestial light
  • Shine inward, and the mind through all her powers
  • Irradiate, there plant eyes, all mist from thence
  • Purge and disperse, that I may see and tell
  • Of things invisible to mortal sight.
  • Now had the Almighty Father from above,
  • From the pure Empyrean where he sits
  • High Thron’d above all highth, bent down his eye,
  • His own works and their works at once to view:
  • About him all the Sanctities of HeavenoriginalEd: 60
  • Stood thick as Starrs, and from his sight receiv’d
  • Beatitude past utterance; on his right
  • The radiant image of his Glory sat,
  • His onely Son; On Earth he first beheld
  • Our two first Parents, yet the onely two
  • Of mankind, in the happie Garden plac’t,
  • Reaping immortal fruits of joy and love,
  • Uninterrupted joy, unrivald love
  • In blissful solitude; he then survey’d
  • Hell and the Gulf between, and Satan thereoriginalEd: 70
  • Coasting the wall of Heav’n on this side Night
  • In the dun Air sublime, and ready now
  • To stoop with wearied wings, and willing feet
  • On the bare outside of this World, that seem’d
  • Firm land imbosom’d without Firmament,
  • Uncertain which, in Ocean or in Air.
  • Him God beholding from his prospect high,
  • Wherein past, present, future he beholds,
  • Thus to his onely Son foreseeing spake.
  • Onely begotten Son, seest thou what rageoriginalEd: 80
  • Transports our adversarie, whom no bounds
  • Prescrib’d, no barrs of Hell, nor all the chains
  • Heapt on him there, nor yet the main Abyss
  • Wide interrupt can hold; so bent he seems
  • On desperat revenge, that shall redound
  • Upon his own rebellious head. And now
  • Through all restraint broke loose he wings his way
  • Not farr off Heav’n, in the Precincts of light,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(230)]
  • Directly towards the new created World,
  • And Man there plac’t, with purpose to assayoriginalEd: 90
  • If him by force he can destroy, or worse,
  • By som false guile pervert; and shall pervert;
  • For man will heark’n to his glozing lyes,
  • And easily transgress the sole Command,
  • Sole pledge of his obedience: So will fall
  • Hee and his faithless Progenie: whose fault?
  • Whose but his own? ingrate, he had of mee
  • All he could have; I made him just and right,
  • Sufficient to have stood, though free to fall.
  • Such I created all th’ Ethereal PowersoriginalEd: 100
  • And Spirits, both them who stood & them who faild;
  • Freely they stood who stood, and fell who fell.
  • Not free, what proof could they have givn sincere
  • Of true allegiance, constant Faith or Love,
  • Where onely what they needs must do, appeard,
  • Not what they would? what praise could they receive?
  • What pleasure I from such obedience paid,
  • When Will and Reason (Reason also is choice)
  • Useless and vain, of freedom both despoild,
  • Made passive both, had servd necessitie,originalEd: 110
  • Not mee. They therefore as to right belongd,
  • So were created, nor can justly accuse
  • Thir maker, or thir making, or thir Fate;
  • As if Predestination over-rul’d
  • Thir will, dispos’d by absolute Decree
  • Or high foreknowledge; they themselves decreed
  • Thir own revolt, not I: if I foreknew,
  • Foreknowledge had no influence on their fault,
  • Which had no less prov’d certain unforeknown.
  • So without least impulse or shadow of Fate,originalEd: 120
  • Or aught by me immutablie foreseen,
  • They trespass, Authors to themselves in all
  • Both what they judge and what they choose; for so
  • I formed them free, and free they must remain,
  • Till they enthrall themselves: I else must change
  • Thir nature, and revoke the high Decree
  • Unchangeable, Eternal, which ordain’d
  • Thir freedom, they themselves ordain’d thir fall.
  • The first sort by thir own suggestion fell,
  • Self-tempted, self-deprav’d: Man falls deceiv’doriginalEd: 130
  • Edition: current; Page: [(231)]
  • By the other first: Man therefore shall find grace,
  • The other none: in Mercy and Justice both,
  • Through Heav’n and Earth, so shall my glorie excel,
  • But Mercy first and last shall brightest shine.
  • Thus while God spake, ambrosial fragrance fill’d
  • All Heav’n, and in the blessed Spirits elect
  • Sense of new joy ineffable diffus’d:
  • Beyond compare the Son of God was seen
  • Most glorious, in him all his Father shon
  • Substantially express’d, and in his faceoriginalEd: 140
  • Divine compassion visibly appeerd,
  • Love without end, and without measure Grace,
  • Which uttering thus he to his Father spake.
  • O Father, gracious was that word which clos’d
  • Thy sovran sentence, that Man should find grace;
  • For which both Heav’n and Earth shall high extoll
  • Thy praises, with th’ innumerable sound
  • Of Hymns and sacred Songs, wherewith thy Throne
  • Encompass’d shall resound thee ever blest.
  • For should Man finally be lost, should ManoriginalEd: 150
  • Thy creature late so lov’d, thy youngest Son
  • Fall circumvented thus by fraud, though joynd
  • With his own folly? that be from thee farr,
  • That farr be from thee, Father, who art Judge
  • Of all things made, and judgest onely right.
  • Or shall the Adversarie thus obtain
  • His end, and frustrate thine, shall he fulfill
  • His malice, and thy goodness bring to naught,
  • Or proud return though to his heavier doom,
  • Yet with revenge accomplish’t and to HelloriginalEd: 160
  • Draw after him the whole Race of mankind,
  • By him corrupted? or wilt thou thy self
  • Abolish thy Creation, and unmake,
  • For him, what for thy glorie thou hast made?
  • So should thy goodness and thy greatness both
  • Be questiond and blaspheam’d without defence.
  • To whom the great Creatour thus reply’d.
  • O Son, in whom my Soul hath chief delight,
  • Son of my bosom, Son who art alone
  • My word, my wisdom, and effectual might,originalEd: 170
  • All hast thou spok’n as my thoughts are, all
  • As my Eternal purpose hath decreed:
  • Edition: current; Page: [(232)]
  • Man shall not quite be lost, but sav’d who will,
  • Yet not of will in him, but grace in me
  • Freely voutsaft; once more I will renew
  • His lapsed powers, though forfeit and enthrall’d
  • By sin to foul exorbitant desires;
  • Upheld by me, yet once more he shall stand
  • On even ground against his mortal foe,
  • By me upheld, that he may know how frailoriginalEd: 180
  • His fall’n condition is, and to me ow
  • All his deliv’rance, and to none but me.
  • Some I have chosen of peculiar grace
  • Elect above the rest; so is my will:
  • The rest shall hear me call, and oft be warnd
  • Thir sinful state, and to appease betimes
  • Th’ incensed Deitie while offerd grace
  • Invites; for I will cleer thir senses dark,
  • What may suffice, and soft’n stonie hearts
  • To pray, repent, and bring obedience due.originalEd: 190
  • To prayer, repentance, and obedience due,
  • Though but endevord with sincere intent,
  • Mine eare shall not be slow, mine eye not shut.
  • And I will place within them as a guide
  • My Umpire Conscience, whom if they will hear,
  • Light after light well us’d they shall attain,
  • And to the end persisting, safe arrive.
  • This my long sufferance and my day of grace
  • They who neglect and scorn, shall never taste;
  • But hard be hard’nd, blind be blinded more,originalEd: 200
  • That they may stumble on, and deeper fall;
  • And none but such from mercy I exclude.
  • But yet all is not don; Man disobeying,
  • Disloyal breaks his fealtie, and sinns
  • Against the high Supremacie of Heav’n,
  • Affecting God-head, and so loosing all,
  • To expiate his Treason hath naught left,
  • But to destruction sacred and devote,
  • He with his whole posteritie must die,
  • Die hee or Justice must; unless for himoriginalEd: 210
  • Som other able, and as willing, pay
  • The rigid satisfaction, death for death.
  • Say Heav’nly Powers, where shall we find such love,
  • Which of ye will be mortal to redeem
  • Edition: current; Page: [(233)]
  • Mans mortal crime, and just th’ unjust to save,
  • Dwels in all Heaven charitie so deare?
  • He ask’d, but all the Heav’nly Quire stood mute,
  • And silence was in Heav’n: on mans behalf
  • Patron or Intercessor none appeerd,
  • Much less that durst upon his own head draworiginalEd: 220
  • The deadly forfeiture, and ransom set.
  • And now without redemption all mankind
  • Must have bin lost, adjudg’d to Death and Hell
  • By doom severe, had not the Son of God,
  • In whom the fulness dwels of love divine,
  • His dearest mediation thus renewd.
  • Father, thy word is past, man shall find grace;
  • And shall grace not find means, that finds her way,
  • The speediest of thy winged messengers,
  • To visit all thy creatures, and to alloriginalEd: 230
  • Comes unprevented, unimplor’d, unsought,
  • Happie for man, so coming; he her aide
  • Can never seek, once dead in sins and lost;
  • Attonement for himself or offering meet,
  • Indebted and undon, hath none to bring:
  • Behold mee then, mee for him, life for life
  • I offer, on mee let thine anger fall;
  • Account mee man; I for his sake will leave
  • Thy bosom, and this glorie next to thee
  • Freely put off, and for him lastly dieoriginalEd: 240
  • Well pleas’d, on me let Death wreck all his rage;
  • Under his gloomie power I shall not long
  • Lie vanquisht; thou hast givn me to possess
  • Life in my self for ever, by thee I live,
  • Though now to Death I yeild, and am his due
  • All that of me can die, yet that debt paid,
  • Thou wilt not leave me in the loathsom grave
  • His prey, nor suffer my unspotted Soule
  • For ever with corruption there to dwell;
  • But I shall rise Victorious, and subdueoriginalEd: 250
  • My Vanquisher, spoild of his vanted spoile;
  • Death his deaths wound shall then receive, & stoop
  • Inglorious, of his mortall sting disarm’d.
  • I through the ample Air in Triumph high
  • Shall lead Hell Captive maugre Hell, and show
  • The powers of darkness bound. Thou at the sight
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  • Pleas’d, out of Heaven shalt look down and smile,
  • While by thee rais’d I ruin all my Foes,
  • Death last, and with his Carcass glut the Grave:
  • Then with the multitude of my redeemdoriginalEd: 260
  • Shall enter Heaven long absent, and returne,
  • Father, to see thy face, wherein no cloud
  • Of anger shall remain, but peace assur’d,
  • And reconcilement; wrauth shall be no more
  • Thenceforth, but in thy presence Joy entire.
  • His words here ended, but his meek aspect
  • Silent yet spake, and breath’d immortal love
  • To mortal men, above which only shon
  • Filial obedience: as a sacrifice
  • Glad to be offer’d, he attends the willoriginalEd: 270
  • Of his great Father. Admiration seis’d
  • All Heav’n, what this might mean, & whither tend
  • Wondring; but soon th’ Almighty thus reply’d:
  • O thou in Heav’n and Earth the only peace
  • Found out for mankind under wrauth, O thou
  • My sole complacence! well thou know’st how dear,
  • To me are all my works, nor Man the least
  • Though last created, that for him I spare
  • Thee from my bosom and right hand, to save,
  • By loosing thee a while, the whole Race lost.originalEd: 280
  • Thou therefore whom thou only canst redeeme,
  • Thir Nature also to thy Nature joyne;
  • And be thy self Man among men on Earth,
  • Made flesh, when time shall be, of Virgin seed,
  • By wondrous birth: Be thou in Adams room
  • The Head of all mankind, though Adams Son.
  • As in him perish all men, so in thee
  • As from a second root shall be restor’d,
  • As many as are restor’d, without thee none.
  • His crime makes guiltie all his Sons, thy meritoriginalEd: 290
  • Imputed shall absolve them who renounce
  • Thir own both righteous and unrighteous deeds,
  • And live in thee transplanted, and from thee
  • Receive new life. So Man, as is most just,
  • Shall satisfie for Man, be judg’d and die,
  • And dying rise, and rising with him raise
  • His Brethren, ransomd with his own dear life.
  • So Heav’nly love shal outdoo Hellish hate,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(235)]
  • Giving to death, and dying to redeeme,
  • So dearly to redeem what Hellish hateoriginalEd: 300
  • So easily destroy’d, and still destroyes
  • In those who, when they may, accept not grace.
  • Nor shalt thou by descending to assume
  • Mans Nature, less’n or degrade thine owne.
  • Because thou hast, though Thron’d in highest bliss
  • Equal to God, and equally enjoying
  • God-like fruition, quitted all to save
  • A World from utter loss, and hast been found
  • By Merit more then Birthright Son of God,
  • Found worthiest to be so by being Good,originalEd: 310
  • Farr more then Great or High; because in thee
  • Love hath abounded more then Glory abounds,
  • Therefore thy Humiliation shall exalt
  • With thee thy Manhood also to this Throne;
  • Here shalt thou sit incarnate, here shalt Reigne
  • Both God and Man, Son both of God and Man,
  • Anointed universal King; all Power
  • I give thee, reign for ever, and assume
  • Thy Merits; under thee as Head Supream
  • Thrones, Princedoms, Powers, Dominions I reduce:originalEd: 320
  • All knees to thee shall bow, of them that bide
  • In Heaven, or Earth, or under Earth in Hell;
  • When thou attended gloriously from Heav’n
  • Shalt in the Skie appeer, and from thee send
  • The summoning Arch-Angels to proclaime
  • Thy dread Tribunal: forthwith from all Windes
  • The living, and forthwith the cited dead
  • Of all past Ages to the general Doom
  • Shall hast’n, such a peal shall rouse thir sleep.
  • Then all thy Saints assembl’d, thou shalt judgeoriginalEd: 330
  • Bad men and Angels, they arraignd shall sink
  • Beneath thy Sentence; Hell, her numbers full,
  • Thenceforth shall be for ever shut. Mean while
  • The World shall burn, and from her ashes spring
  • New Heav’n and Earth, wherein the just shall dwell
  • And after all thir tribulations long
  • See golden days, fruitful of golden deeds,
  • With Joy and Love triumphing, and fair Truth.
  • Then thou thy regal Scepter shalt lay by,
  • For regal Scepter then no more shall need,originalEd: 340
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  • God shall be All in All. But all ye Gods,
  • Adore him, who to compass all this dies,
  • Adore the Son, and honour him as mee.
  • No sooner had th’ Almighty ceas’t, but all
  • The multitude of Angels with a shout
  • Loud as from numbers without number, sweet
  • As from blest voices, uttering joy, Heav’n rung
  • With Jubilee, and loud Hosannas fill’d
  • Th’ eternal Regions: lowly reverent
  • Towards either Throne they bow, & to the groundoriginalEd: 350
  • With solemn adoration down they cast
  • Thir Crowns inwove with Amarant and Gold,
  • Immortal Amarant, a Flour which once
  • In Paradise, fast by the Tree of Life
  • Began to bloom, but soon for mans offence
  • To Heav’n remov’d where first it grew, there grows,
  • And flours aloft shading the Fount of Life,
  • And where the river of Bliss through midst of Heavn
  • Rowls o’re Elisian Flours her Amber stream;
  • With these that never fade the Spirits ElectoriginalEd: 360
  • Bind thir resplendent locks inwreath’d with beams,
  • Now in loose Garlands thick thrown off, the bright
  • Pavement that like a Sea of Jasper shon
  • Impurpl’d with Celestial Roses smil’d.
  • Then Crown’d again thir gold’n Harps they took,
  • Harps ever tun’d, that glittering by thir side
  • Like Quivers hung, and with Præamble sweet
  • Of charming symphonie they introduce
  • Thir sacred Song, and waken raptures high;
  • No voice exempt, no voice but well could joineoriginalEd: 370
  • Melodious part, such concord is in Heav’n.
  • Thee Father first they sung Omnipotent,
  • Immutable, Immortal, Infinite,
  • Eternal King; thee Author of all being,
  • Fountain of Light, thy self invisible
  • Amidst the glorious brightness where thou sit’st
  • Thron’d inaccessible, but when thou shad’st
  • The full blaze of thy beams, and through a cloud
  • Drawn round about thee like a radiant Shrine,
  • Dark with excessive bright thy skirts appeer,originalEd: 380
  • Yet dazle Heav’n, that brightest Seraphim
  • Approach not, but with both wings veil thir eyes.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(237)]
  • Thee next they sang of all Creation first,
  • Begotten Son, Divine Similitude,
  • In whose conspicuous count’nance, without cloud
  • Made visible, th’ Almighty Father shines,
  • Whom else no Creature can behold; on thee
  • Impresst the effulgence of his Glorie abides,
  • Transfus’d on thee his ample Spirit rests.
  • Hee Heav’n of Heavens and all the Powers thereinoriginalEd: 390
  • By thee created, and by thee threw down
  • Th’ aspiring Dominations: thou that day
  • Thy Fathers dreadful Thunder didst not spare,
  • Nor stop thy flaming Chariot wheels, that shook
  • Heav’ns everlasting Frame, while o’re the necks
  • Thou drov’st of warring Angels disarraid.
  • Back from pursuit thy Powers with loud acclaime
  • Thee only extold, Son of thy Fathers might,
  • To execute fierce vengeance on his foes,
  • Not so on Man; him through their malice fall’n,originalEd: 400
  • Father of Mercie and Grace, thou didst not doome
  • So strictly, but much more to pitie encline:
  • No sooner did thy dear and onely Son
  • Perceive thee purpos’d not to doom frail Man
  • So strictly, but much more to pitie enclin’d,
  • He to appease thy wrauth, and end the strife
  • Of Mercy and Justice in thy face discern’d,
  • Regardless of the Bliss wherein hee sat
  • Second to thee, offerd himself to die
  • For mans offence. O unexampl’d love,originalEd: 410
  • Love no where to be found less then Divine!
  • Hail Son of God, Saviour of Men, thy Name
  • Shall be the copious matter of my Song
  • Henceforth, and never shall my Harp thy praise
  • Forget, nor from thy Fathers praise disjoine.
  • Thus they in Heav’n, above the starry Sphear,
  • Thir happie hours in joy and hymning spent.
  • Mean while upon the firm opacous Globe
  • Of this round World, whose first convex divides
  • The luminous inferior Orbs, enclos’doriginalEd: 420
  • From Chaos and th’ inroad of Darkness old,
  • Satan alighted walks: a Globe farr off
  • It seem’d, now seems a boundless Continent
  • Dark, waste, and wild, under the frown of Night
  • Edition: current; Page: [(238)]
  • Starless expos’d, and ever-threatning storms
  • Of Chaos blustring round, inclement skie;
  • Save on that side which from the wall of Heav’n
  • Though distant farr som small reflection gaines
  • Of glimmering air less vext with tempest loud:
  • Here walk’d the Fiend at large in spacious field.originalEd: 430
  • As when a Vultur on Imaus bred,
  • Whose snowie ridge the roving Tartar bounds,
  • Dislodging from a Region scarce of prey
  • To gorge the flesh of Lambs or yeanling Kids
  • On Hills where Flocks are fed, flies toward the Springs
  • Of Ganges or Hydaspes, Indian streams;
  • But in his way lights on the barren plaines
  • Of Sericana, where Chineses drive
  • With Sails and Wind thir canie Waggons light:
  • So on this windie Sea of Land, the FiendoriginalEd: 440
  • Walk’d up and down alone bent on his prey,
  • Alone, for other Creature in this place
  • Living or liveless to be found was none,
  • None yet, but store hereafter from the earth
  • Up hither like Aereal vapours flew
  • Of all things transitorie and vain, when Sin
  • With vanity had filld the works of men:
  • Both all things vain, and all who in vain things
  • Built their fond hopes of Glorie or lasting fame,
  • Or happiness in this or th’ other life;originalEd: 450
  • All who have thir reward on Earth, the fruits
  • Of painful Superstition and blind Zeal,
  • Naught seeking but the praise of men, here find
  • Fit retribution, emptie as thir deeds;
  • All th’ unaccomplisht works of Natures hand,
  • Abortive, monstrous, or unkindly mixt,
  • Dissolvd on earth, fleet hither, and in vain,
  • Till final dissolution, wander here,
  • Not in the neighbouring Moon, as some have dreamd;
  • Those argent Fields more likely habitants,originalEd: 460
  • Translated Saints, or middle Spirits hold
  • Betwixt th’ Angelical and Human kinde:
  • Hither of ill-joynd Sons and Daughters born
  • First from the ancient World those Giants came
  • With many a vain exploit, though then renownd:
  • The builders next of Babel on the Plain
  • Edition: current; Page: [(239)]
  • Of Sennaar, and still with vain designe
  • New Babels, had they wherewithall, would build:
  • Others came single; hee who to be deemd
  • A God, leap’d fondly into Ætna flames,originalEd: 470
  • Empedocles, and hee who to enjoy
  • Plato’s Elysium, leap’d into the Sea,
  • Cleombrotus, and many more too long,
  • Embryos, and Idiots, Eremits and Friers
  • White, Black and Grey, with all thir trumperie.
  • Here Pilgrims roam, that stray’d so farr to seek
  • In Golgotha him dead, who lives in Heav’n;
  • And they who to be sure of Paradise
  • Dying put on the weeds of Dominic,
  • Or in Franciscan think to pass disguis’d;originalEd: 480
  • They pass the Planets seven, and pass the fixt,
  • And that Crystalline Sphear whose ballance weighs
  • The Trepidation talkt, and that first mov’d;
  • And now Saint Peter at Heav’ns Wicket seems
  • To wait them with his Keys, and now at foot
  • Of Heav’ns ascent they lift thir Feet, when loe
  • A violent cross wind from either Coast
  • Blows them transverse ten thousand Leagues awry
  • Into the devious Air; then might ye see
  • Cowles, Hoods and Habits with thir wearers tostoriginalEd: 490
  • And flutterd into Raggs, then Reliques, Beads,
  • Indulgences, Dispenses, Pardons, Bulls,
  • The sport of Winds: all these upwhirld aloft
  • Fly o’re the backside of the World farr off
  • Into a Limbo large and broad, since calld
  • The Paradise of Fools, to few unknown
  • Long after, now unpeopl’d, and untrod;
  • All this dark Globe the Fiend found as he pass’d,
  • And long he wanderd, till at last a gleame
  • Of dawning light turnd thither-ward in hasteoriginalEd: 500
  • His travell’d steps; farr distant hee descries
  • Ascending by degrees magnificent
  • Up to the wall of Heaven a Structure high,
  • At top whereof, but farr more rich appeerd
  • The work as of a Kingly Palace Gate
  • With Frontispice of Diamond and Gold
  • Imbellisht, thick with sparkling orient Gemmes
  • The Portal shon, inimitable on Earth
  • Edition: current; Page: [(240)]
  • By Model, or by shading Pencil drawn.
  • The Stairs were such as whereon Jacob saworiginalEd: 510
  • Angels ascending and descending, bands
  • Of Guardians bright, when he from Esau fled
  • To Padan-Aram in the field of Luz,
  • Dreaming by night under the open Skie,
  • And waking cri’d, This is the Gate of Heav’n.
  • Each Stair mysteriously was meant, nor stood
  • There alwaies, but drawn up to Heav’n somtimes
  • Viewless, and underneath a bright Sea flow’d
  • Of Jasper, or of liquid Pearle, whereon
  • Who after came from Earth, sayling arriv’d,originalEd: 520
  • Wafted by Angels, or flew o’re the Lake
  • Rapt in a Chariot drawn by fiery Steeds.
  • The Stairs were then let down, whether to dare
  • The Fiend by easie ascent, or aggravate
  • His sad exclusion from the dores of Bliss.
  • Direct against which op’nd from beneath,
  • Just o’re the blissful seat of Paradise,
  • A passage down to th’ Earth, a passage wide,
  • Wider by farr then that of after-times
  • Over Mount Sion, and, though that were large,originalEd: 530
  • Over the Promis’d Land to God so dear,
  • By which, to visit oft those happy Tribes,
  • On high behests his Angels to and fro
  • Pass’d frequent, and his eye with choice regard
  • From Paneas the fount of Jordans flood
  • To Bëersaba, where the Holy Land
  • Borders on Ægypt and the Arabian shoare;
  • So wide the op’ning seemd, where bounds were set
  • To darkness, such as bound the Ocean wave.
  • Satan from hence now on the lower stairoriginalEd: 540
  • That scal’d by steps of Gold to Heav’n Gate
  • Looks down with wonder at the sudden view
  • Of all this World at once. As when a Scout
  • Through dark and desart wayes with peril gone
  • All night; at last by break of chearful dawne
  • Obtains the brow of some high-climbing Hill,
  • Which to his eye discovers unaware
  • The goodly prospect of some forein land
  • First seen, or some renownd Metropolis
  • With glistering Spires and Pinnacles adornd,originalEd: 550
  • Edition: current; Page: [(241)]
  • Which now the Rising Sun guilds with his beams.
  • Such wonder seis’d, though after Heaven seen,
  • The Spirit maligne, but much more envy seis’d
  • At sight of all this World beheld so faire.
  • Round he surveys, and well might, where he stood
  • So high above the circling Canopie
  • Of Nights extended shade; from Eastern Point
  • Of Libra to the fleecie Starr that bears
  • Andromeda farr off Atlantick Seas
  • Beyond th’ Horizon; then from Pole to PoleoriginalEd: 560
  • He views in bredth, and without longer pause
  • Down right into the Worlds first Region throws
  • His flight precipitant, and windes with ease
  • Through the pure marble Air his oblique way
  • Amongst innumerable Starrs, that shon
  • Stars distant, but nigh hand seemd other Worlds,
  • Or other Worlds they seemd, or happy Iles,
  • Like those Hesperian Gardens fam’d of old,
  • Fortunate Fields, and Groves and flourie Vales,
  • Thrice happy Iles, but who dwelt happy thereoriginalEd: 570
  • He stayd not to enquire: above them all
  • The golden Sun in splendor likest Heaven
  • Allur’d his eye: Thither his course he bends
  • Through the calm Firmament; but up or downe
  • By center, or eccentric, hard to tell,
  • Or Longitude, where the great Luminarie
  • Alooff the vulgar Constellations thick,
  • That from his Lordly eye keep distance due,
  • Dispenses Light from farr; they as they move
  • Thir Starry dance in numbers that computeoriginalEd: 580
  • Days, months, and years, towards his all-chearing Lamp
  • Turn swift their various motions, or are turnd
  • By his Magnetic beam, that gently warms
  • The Univers, and to each inward part
  • With gentle penetration, though unseen,
  • Shoots invisible vertue even to the deep:
  • So wondrously was set his Station bright.
  • There lands the Fiend, a spot like which perhaps
  • Astronomer in the Sun’s lucent Orbe
  • Through his glaz’d Optic Tube yet never saw.originalEd: 590
  • The place he found beyond expression bright,
  • Compar’d with anght on Earth, Medal or Stone;
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  • Not all parts like, but all alike informd
  • With radiant light, as glowing Iron with fire;
  • If mettal, part seemd Gold, part Silver cleer;
  • If stone, Carbuncle most or Chrysolite,
  • Rubie or Topaz, to the Twelve that shon
  • In Aarons Brestplate, and a stone besides
  • Imagind rather oft then elsewhere seen,
  • That stone, or like to that which here beloworiginalEd: 600
  • Philosophers in vain so long have sought,
  • In vain, though by thir powerful Art they binde
  • Volatil Hermes, and call up unbound
  • In various shapes old Proteus from the Sea,
  • Draind through a Limbec to his Native forme.
  • What wonder then if fields and regions here
  • Breathe forth Elixir pure, and Rivers run
  • Potable Gold, when with one vertuous touch
  • Th’ Arch-chimic Sun so farr from us remote
  • Produces with Terrestrial Humor mixtoriginalEd: 610
  • Here in the dark so many precious things
  • Of colour glorious and effect so rare?
  • Here matter new to gaze the Devil met
  • Undazl’d, farr and wide his eye commands,
  • For sight no obstacle found here, nor shade,
  • But all Sun-shine, as when his Beams at Noon
  • Culminate from th’ Æquator, as they now
  • Shot upward still direct, whence no way round
  • Shadow from body opaque can fall, and the Aire,
  • No where so cleer, sharp’nd his visual rayoriginalEd: 620
  • To objects distant farr, whereby he soon
  • Saw within kenn a glorious Angel stand,
  • The same whom John saw also in the Sun:
  • His back was turnd, but not his brightness hid;
  • Of beaming sunnie Raies, a golden tiar
  • Circl’d his Head, nor less his Locks behind
  • Illustrious on his Shoulders fledge with wings
  • Lay waving round; on som great charge imploy’d
  • Hee seemd, or fixt in cogitation deep.
  • Glad was the Spirit impure; as now in hopeoriginalEd: 630
  • To find who might direct his wandring flight
  • To Paradise the happie seat of Man,
  • His journies end and our beginning woe.
  • But first he casts to change his proper shape,
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  • Which else might work him danger or delay:
  • And now a stripling Cherube he appeers,
  • Not of the prime, yet such as in his face
  • Youth smil’d Celestial, and to every Limb
  • Sutable grace diffus’d, so well he feignd;
  • Under a Coronet his flowing haireoriginalEd: 640
  • In curles on either cheek plaid, wings he wore
  • Of many a colourd plume sprinkl’d with Gold,
  • His habit fit for speed succinct, and held
  • Before his decent steps a Silver wand.
  • He drew not nigh unheard, the Angel bright,
  • Ere he drew nigh, his radiant visage turnd,
  • Admonisht by his eare, and strait was known
  • Th’ Arch-Angel Uriel, one of the seav’n
  • Who in God’s presence, neerest to his Throne
  • Stand ready at command, and are his EyesoriginalEd: 650
  • That run through all the Heav’ns, or down to th’ Earth
  • Bear his swift errands over moist and dry,
  • O’re Sea and Land; him Satan thus accostes.
  • Uriel, for thou of those seav’n Spirits that stand
  • In sight of Gods high Throne, gloriously bright,
  • The first are wont his great authentic will
  • Interpreter through highest Heav’n to bring,
  • Where all his Sons thy Embassie attend;
  • And here art likeliest by supream decree
  • Like honour to obtain, and as his EyeoriginalEd: 660
  • To visit oft this new Creation round;
  • Unspeakable desire to see, and know
  • All these his wondrous works, but chiefly Man,
  • His chief delight and favour, him for whom
  • All these his works so wondrous he ordaind,
  • Hath brought me from the Quires of Cherubim
  • Alone thus wandring. Brightest Seraph tell
  • In which of all these shining Orbes hath Man
  • His fixed seat, or fixed seat hath none,
  • But all these shining Orbes his choice to dwell;originalEd: 670
  • That I may find him, and with secret gaze,
  • Or open admiration him behold
  • On whom the great Creator hath bestowd
  • Worlds, and on whom hath all these graces powrd;
  • That both in him and all things, as is meet,
  • The Universal Maker we may praise;
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  • Who justly hath drivn out his Rebell Foes
  • To deepest Hell, and to repair that loss
  • Created this new happie Race of Men
  • To serve him better: wise are all his wayes.originalEd: 680
  • So spake the false dissembler unperceivd;
  • For neither Man nor Angel can discern
  • Hypocrisie, the only evil that walks
  • Invisible, except to God alone,
  • By his permissive will, through Heav’n and Earth:
  • And oft though wisdom wake, suspicion sleeps
  • At wisdoms Gate, and to simplicitie
  • Resigns her charge, while goodness thinks no ill
  • Where no ill seems: Which now for once beguil’d
  • Uriel, though Regent of the Sun, and heldoriginalEd: 690
  • The sharpest sighted Spirit of all in Heav’n;
  • Who to the fraudulent Impostor foule
  • In his uprightness answer thus returnd.
  • Faire Angel, thy desire which tends to know
  • The works of God, thereby to glorifie
  • The great Work-Maister, leads to no excess
  • That reaches blame, but rather merits praise
  • The more it seems excess, that led thee hither
  • From thy Empyreal Mansion thus alone,
  • To witness with thine eyes what some perhapsoriginalEd: 700
  • Contented with report heare onely in heav’n:
  • For wonderful indeed are all his works,
  • Pleasant to know, and worthiest to be all
  • Had in remembrance alwayes with delight;
  • But what created mind can comprehend
  • Thir number, or the wisdom infinite
  • That brought them forth, but hid thir causes deep.
  • I saw when at his Word the formless Mass,
  • This worlds material mould, came to a heap:
  • Confusion heard his voice, and wilde uproaroriginalEd: 710
  • Stood rul’d, stood vast infinitude confin’d;
  • Till at his second bidding darkness fled,
  • Light shon, and order from disorder sprung:
  • Swift to thir several Quarters hasted then
  • The cumbrous Elements, Earth, Flood, Aire, Fire,
  • And this Ethereal quintessence of Heav’n
  • Flew upward, spirited with various forms,
  • That rowld orbicular, and turnd to Starrs
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  • Numberless, as thou seest, and how they move;
  • Each had his place appointed, each his course,originalEd: 720
  • The rest in circuit walles this Universe.
  • Look downward on that Globe whose hither side
  • With light from hence, though but reflected, shines;
  • That place is Earth the seat of Man, that light
  • His day, which else as th’ other Hemisphere
  • Night would invade, but there the neighbouring Moon
  • (So call that opposite fair Starr) her aide
  • Timely interposes, and her monthly round
  • Still ending, still renewing through mid Heav’n,
  • With borrowd light her countenance triformoriginalEd: 730
  • Hence fills and empties to enlighten the Earth,
  • And in her pale dominion checks the night.
  • That spot to which I point is Paradise,
  • Adams abode, those loftie shades his Bowre.
  • Thy way thou canst not miss, me mine requires.
  • Thus said, he turnd, and Satan bowing low,
  • As to superior Spirits is wont in Heav’n,
  • Where honour due and reverence none neglects,
  • Took leave, and toward the coast of Earth beneath,
  • Down from th’ Ecliptic, sped with hop’d success,originalEd: 740
  • Throws his steep flight in many an Aerie wheele,
  • Nor staid, till on Niphates top he lights.
  • The End of the Third Book.
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BOOK IV.

THE ARGUMENT.

Satan now in prospect of Eden, and nigh the place where he must now attempt the bold enterprise which he undertook alone against God and Man, falls into many doubts with himself, and many passions, fear, envy, and despare; but at length confirms himself in evil, journeys on to Paradise, whose outward prospect and scituation is described, overleaps the bounds, sits in the shape of a Cormorant on the Tree of life, as highest in the Garden to look about him. The Garden describ’d; Satans first sight of Adam and Eve; his wonder at thir excellent form and happy state, but with resolution to work thir fall; overhears thir discourse, thence gathers that the Tree of knowledge was forbidden them to eat of, under penalty of death; and thereon intends to found his temptation, by seducing them to transgress: then leaves them a while, to know further of thir state by some other means. Mean while Uriel descending on a Sun-beam warns Gabriel, who had in charge the Gate of Paradise, that some evil spirit had escap’d the Deep, and past at Noon by his Sphere in the shape of a good Angel down to Paradise, discovered after by his furious gestures in the Mount. Gabriel promises to find him out ere morning. Night coming on, Adam and Eve discourse of going to thir rest: thir Bower describ’d; thir Evening worship. Gabriel drawing forth his Bands of Night-watch to walk the round of Paradise, appoints two strong Angels to Adams Bower, least the evill spirit should be there doing some harm to Adam or Eve sleeping; there they find him at the ear of Eve, tempting her in a dream, and bring him, though unwilling, to Gabriel; by whom question’d, he scornfully answers, prepares resistance, but hinder’d by a Sign from Heaven, flies out of Paradise.

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  • O for that warning voice, which he who saw
  • Th’ Apocalyps, heard cry in Heav’n aloud,
  • Then when the Dragon, put to second rout,
  • Came furious down to be reveng’d on men,
  • Wo to the inhabitants on Earth! that now,
  • While time was, our first Parents had bin warnd
  • The coming of thir secret foe, and scap’d
  • Haply so scap’d his mortal snare; for now
  • Satan, now first inflam’d with rage came down,
  • The Tempter ere th’ Accuser of man-kind,originalEd: 10
  • To wreck on innocent frail man his loss
  • Of that first Battel, and his flight to Hell:
  • Yet not rejoycing in his speed, though bold,
  • Far off and fearless, nor with cause to boast,
  • Begins his dire attempt, which nigh the birth
  • Now rowling, boiles in his tumultuous brest,
  • And like a devillish Engine back recoiles
  • Upon himself; horror and doubt distract
  • His troubl’d thoughts, and from the bottom stirr
  • The Hell within him, for within him HelloriginalEd: 20
  • He brings, and round about him, nor from Hell
  • One step no more then from himself can fly
  • By change of place: Now conscience wakes despair
  • That slumberd, wakes the bitter memorie
  • Of what he was, what is, and what must be
  • Worse; of worse deeds worse sufferings must ensue.
  • Sometimes towards Eden which now in his view
  • Lay pleasant, his grievd look he fixes sad,
  • Sometimes towards Heav’n and the full-blazing Sun,
  • Which now sat high in his Meridian Towre:originalEd: 30
  • Then much revolving, thus in sighs began.
  • O thou that with surpassing Glory crownd,
  • Look’st from thy sole Dominion like the God
  • Of this new World; at whose sight all the Starrs
  • Hide thir diminisht heads; to thee I call,
  • But with no friendly voice, and add thy name
  • O Sun, to tell thee how I hate thy beams
  • That bring to my remembrance from what state
  • I fell, how glorious once above thy Spheare;
  • Till Pride and worse Ambition threw me downoriginalEd: 40
  • Warring in Heav’n against Heav’ns matchless King:
  • Ah wherefore! he deservd no such return
  • Edition: current; Page: [(248)]
  • From me, whom be created what I was
  • In that bright eminence, and with his good
  • Upbraided none; nor was his service hard.
  • What could be less then to afford him praise,
  • The easiest recompence, and pay him thanks,
  • How due! yet all his good prov’d ill in me,
  • And wrought but malice; lifted up so high
  • I sdeind subjection, and thought one step higheroriginalEd: 50
  • Would set me highest, and in a moment quit
  • The debt immense of endless gratitude,
  • So burthensome, still paying, still to ow;
  • Forgetful what from him I still receivd,
  • And understood not that a grateful mind
  • By owing owes not, but still pays, at once
  • Indebted and dischargd; what burden then?
  • O had his powerful Destiny ordaind
  • Me some inferiour Angel, I had stood
  • Then happie; no unbounded hope had rais’doriginalEd: 60
  • Ambition. Yet why not? som other Power
  • As great might have aspir’d, and me though mean
  • Drawn to his part; but other Powers as great
  • Fell not, but stand unshak’n, from within
  • Or from without, to all temptations arm’d.
  • Hadst thou the same free Will and Power to stand?
  • Thou hadst: whom hast thou then or what to accuse,
  • But Heav’ns free Love dealt equally to all?
  • Be then his Love accurst, since love or hate,
  • To me alike, it deals eternal woe.originalEd: 70
  • Nay curs’d be thou; since against his thy will
  • Chose freely what it now so justly rues.
  • Me miserable! which way shall I flie
  • Infinite wrauth, and infinite despaire?
  • Which way I flie is Hell; my self am Hell;
  • And in the lowest deep a lower deep
  • Still threatning to devour me opens wide,
  • To which the Hell I suffer seems a Heav’n.
  • O then at last relent: is there no place
  • Left for Repentance, none for Pardon left?originalEd: 80
  • None left but by submission; and that word
  • Disdain forbids me, and my dread of shame
  • Among the spirits beneath, whom I seduc’d
  • With other promises and other vaunts
  • Edition: current; Page: [(249)]
  • Then to submit, boasting I could subdue
  • Th’ Omnipotent. Ay me, they little know
  • How dearly I abide that boast so vaine,
  • Under what torments inwardly I groane:
  • While they adore me on the Throne of Hell,
  • With Diadem and Scepter high advancdoriginalEd: 90
  • The lower still I fall, onely Supream
  • In miserie; such joy Ambition findes.
  • But say I could repent and could obtaine
  • By Act of Grace my former state; how soon
  • Would highth recal high thoughts, how soon unsay
  • What feign’d submission swore: ease would recant
  • Vows made in pain, as violent and void.
  • For never can true reconcilement grow
  • Where wounds of deadly hate have peirc’d so deep:
  • Which would but lead me to a worse relapse,originalEd: 100
  • And heavier fall: so should I purchase deare
  • Short intermission bought with double smart.
  • This knows my punisher; therefore as farr
  • From granting hee, as I from begging peace:
  • All hope excluded thus, behold in stead
  • Of us out-cast, exil’d, his new delight,
  • Mankind created, and for him this World.
  • So farwel Hope, and with Hope farwel Fear,
  • Farwel Remorse: all Good to me is lost;
  • Evil be thou my Good; by thee at leastoriginalEd: 110
  • Divided Empire with Heav’ns King I hold
  • By thee, and more then half perhaps will reigne;
  • As Man ere long, and this new World shall know.
  • Thus while he spake, each passion dimm’d his face
  • Thrice chang’d with pale, ire, envie and despair,
  • Which marrd his borrow’d visage, and betraid
  • Him counterfet, if any eye beheld.
  • For heav’nly mindes from such distempers foule
  • Are ever cleer. Whereof hee soon aware,
  • Each perturbation smooth’d with outward calme,originalEd: 120
  • Artificer of fraud; and was the first
  • That practisd falshood under saintly shew,
  • Deep malice to conceale, couch’t with revenge:
  • Yet not anough had practisd to deceive
  • Uriel once warnd; whose eye pursu’d him down
  • The way he went, and on th’ Assyrian mount
  • Edition: current; Page: [(250)]
  • Saw him disfigur’d, more then could befall
  • Spirit of happie sort: his gestures fierce
  • He markd and mad demeanour, then alone,
  • As he suppos’d all unobserv’d, unseen.originalEd: 130
  • So on he fares, and to the border comes
  • Of Eden, where delicious Paradise,
  • Now nearer, Crowns with her enclosure green,
  • As with a rural mound the champain head
  • Of a steep wilderness, whose hairie sides
  • With thicket overgrown, grottesque and wilde,
  • Access deni’d; and over head up grew
  • Insuperable highth of loftiest shade,
  • Cedar, and Pine, and Firr, and branching Palm,
  • A Silvan Scene, and as the ranks ascendoriginalEd: 140
  • Shade above shade, a woodie Theatre
  • Of stateliest view. Yet higher then thir tops
  • The verdurous wall of Paradise up sprung:
  • Which to our general Sire gave prospect large
  • Into his neather Empire neighbouring round.
  • And higher then that wall a circling row
  • Of goodliest Trees loaden with fairest Fruit,
  • Blossoms and Fruits at once of golden hue
  • Appeerd, with gay enameld colours mixt:
  • On which the Sun more glad impress’d his beamsoriginalEd: 150
  • Then in fair Evening Cloud, or humid Bow,
  • When God hath showrd the earth; so lovely seemd
  • That Lantskip: And of pure now purer aire
  • Meets his approach, and to the heart inspires
  • Vernal delight and joy, able to drive
  • All sadness but despair: now gentle gales
  • Fanning thir odoriferous wings dispense
  • Native perfumes, and whisper whence they stole
  • Those balmie spoiles. As when to them who saile
  • Beyond the Cape of Hope, and now are pastoriginalEd: 160
  • Mosambic, off at Sea North-East windes blow
  • Sabean Odours from the spicie shoare
  • Of Arabie the blest, with such delay
  • Well pleas’d they slack thir course, and many a League
  • Cheard with the grateful smell old Ocean smiles.
  • So entertaind those odorous sweets the Fiend
  • Who came thir bane, though with them better pleas’d
  • Then Asmodeus with the fishie fume,
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  • That drove him, though enamourd, from the Spouse
  • Of Tobits Son, and with a vengeance sentoriginalEd: 170
  • From Media post to Ægypt, there fast bound.
  • Now to th’ ascent of that steep savage Hill
  • Satan had journied on, pensive and slow;
  • But further way found none, so thick entwin’d,
  • As one continu’d brake, the undergrowth
  • Of shrubs and tangling bushes had perplext
  • All path of Man or Beast that past that way:
  • One Gate there onely was, and that look’d East
  • On th’ other side: which when th’ arch-fellon saw
  • Due entrance he disdaind, and in contempt,originalEd: 180
  • At one slight bound high overleap’d all bound
  • Of Hill or highest Wall, and sheer within
  • Lights on his feet. As when a prowling Wolfe,
  • Whom hunger drives to seek new haunt for prey,
  • Watching where Shepherds pen thir Flocks at eeve
  • In hurdl’d Cotes amid the field secure,
  • Leaps o’re the fence with ease into the Fould:
  • Or as a Thief bent to unhoord the cash
  • Of some rich Burgher, whose substantial dores,
  • Cross-barrd and bolted fast, fear no assault,originalEd: 190
  • In at the window climbes, or o’re the tiles:
  • So clomb this first grand Thief into Gods Fould:
  • So since into his Church lewd Hirelings climbe.
  • Thence up he flew, and on the Tree of Life,
  • The middle Tree and highest there that grew,
  • Sat like a Cormorant; yet not true Life
  • Thereby regaind, but sat devising Death
  • To them who liv’d; nor on the vertue thought
  • Of that life-giving Plant, but only us’d
  • For prospect, what well us’d had bin the pledgeoriginalEd: 200
  • Of immortalitie. So little knows
  • Any, but God alone, to value right
  • The good before him, but perverts best things
  • To worst abuse, or to thir meanest use.
  • Beneath him with new wonder now he views
  • To all delight of human sense expos’d
  • In narrow room Natures whole wealth, yea more,
  • A Heaven on Earth: for blissful Paradise
  • Of God the Garden was, by him in the East
  • Of Eden planted; Eden stretchd her LineoriginalEd: 210
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  • From Auran Eastward to the Royal Towrs
  • Of Great Seleucia, built by Grecian Kings,
  • Or where the Sons of Eden long before
  • Dwelt in Telassar: in this pleasant soile
  • His farr more pleasant Garden God ordaind;
  • Out of the fertil ground he caus’d to grow
  • All Trees of noblest kind for sight, smell, taste;
  • And all amid them stood the Tree of Life,
  • High eminent, blooming Ambrosial Fruit
  • Of vegetable Gold; and next to LifeoriginalEd: 220
  • Our Death the Tree of Knowledge grew fast by,
  • Knowledge of Good bought dear by knowing ill.
  • Southward through Eden went a River large,
  • Nor chang’d his course, but through the shaggie hill
  • Pass’d underneath ingulft, for God had thrown
  • That Mountain as his Garden mould high rais’d
  • Upon the rapid current, which through veins
  • Of porous Earth with kindly thirst up drawn,
  • Rose a fresh Fountain, and with many a rill
  • Waterd the Garden; thence united felloriginalEd: 230
  • Down the steep glade, and met the neather Flood,
  • Which from his darksom passage now appeers,
  • And now divided into four main Streams,
  • Runs divers, wandring many a famous Realme
  • And Country whereof here needs no account,
  • But rather to tell how, if Art could tell,
  • How from that Saphire Fount the crisped Brooks,
  • Rowling on Orient Pearl and sands of Gold,
  • With mazie error under pendant shades
  • Ran Nectar, visiting each plant, and fedoriginalEd: 240
  • Flours worthy of Paradise which not nice Art
  • In Beds and curious Knots, but Nature boon
  • Powrd forth profuse on Hill and Dale and Plaine,
  • Both where the morning Sun first warmly smote
  • The open field, and where the unpierc’t shade
  • Imbround the noontide Bowrs: Thus was this place,
  • A happy rural seat of various view:
  • Groves whose rich Trees wept odorous Gumms and Balme,
  • Others whose fruit burnisht with Golden Rinde
  • Hung amiable, Hesperian Fables true,originalEd: 250
  • If true, here onely, and of delicious taste:
  • Betwixt them Lawns, or level Downs, and Flocks
  • Edition: current; Page: [(253)]
  • Grasing the tender herb, were interpos’d,
  • Or palmie hilloc, or the flourie lap
  • Of som irriguous Valley spread her store,
  • Flours of all hue, and without Thorn the Rose:
  • Another side, umbrageous Grots and Caves
  • Of coole recess, o’re which the mantling Vine
  • Layes forth her purple Grape, and gently creeps
  • Luxuriant; mean while murmuring waters falloriginalEd: 260
  • Down the slope hills, disperst, or in a Lake,
  • That to the fringed Bank with Myrtle crownd,
  • Her chrystall mirror holds, unite thir streams.
  • The Birds thir quire apply; aires, vernal aires,
  • Breathing the smell of field and grove, attune
  • The trembling leaves, while Universal Pan
  • Knit with the Graces and the Hours in dance
  • Led on th’ Eternal Spring. Not that faire field
  • Of Enna, where Proserpin gathring flours
  • Her self a fairer Floure by gloomie DisoriginalEd: 270
  • Was gatherd, which cost Ceres all that pain
  • To seek her through the world; nor that sweet Grove
  • Of Daphne by Orontes, and th’ inspir’d
  • Castalian Spring might with this Paradise
  • Of Eden strive; nor that Nyseian Ile
  • Girt with the River Triton, where old Cham,
  • Whom Gentiles Ammon call and Libyan Jove,
  • Hid Amalthea and her Florid Son
  • Young Bacchus from his Stepdame Rhea’s eye;
  • Nor where Abassin Kings thir issue Guard,originalEd: 280
  • Mount Amara, though this by som suppos’d
  • True Paradise under the Ethiop Line
  • By Nilus head, enclos’d with shining Rock,
  • A whole dayes journey high, but wide remote
  • From this Assyrian Garden, where the Fiend
  • Saw undelighted all delight, all kind
  • Of living Creatures new to sight and strange:
  • Two of far nobler shape erect and tall,
  • Godlike erect, with native Honour clad
  • In naked Majestie seemd Lords of all,originalEd: 290
  • And worthie seemd, for in thir looks Divine
  • The image of thir glorious Maker shon,
  • Truth, Wisdome, Sanctitude severe and pure,
  • Severe, but in true filial freedom plac’t;
  • Edition: current; Page: [(254)]
  • Whence true autoritie in men; though both
  • Not equal, as their sex not equal seemd;
  • For contemplation hee and valour formd,
  • For softness shee and sweet attractive Grace,
  • Hee for God only, shee for God in him:
  • His fair large Front and Eye sublime declar’doriginalEd: 300
  • Absolute rule; and Hyacinthin Locks
  • Round from his parted forelock manly hung
  • Clustring, but not beneath his shoulders broad:
  • Shee as a vail down to the slender waste
  • Her unadorned golden tresses wore
  • Dissheveld, but in wanton ringlets wav’d
  • As the Vine curles her tendrils, which impli’d
  • Subjection, but requir’d with gentle sway,
  • And by her yeilded, by him best receivd,
  • Yeilded with coy submission, modest pride,originalEd: 310
  • And sweet reluctant amorous delay.
  • Nor those mysterious parts were then conceald,
  • Then was not guiltie shame, dishonest shame
  • Of natures works, honor dishonorable,
  • Sin-bred, how have ye troubl’d all mankind
  • With shews instead, meer shews of seeming pure,
  • And banisht from mans life his happiest life,
  • Simplicitie and spotless innocence.
  • So passd they naked on, nor shund the sight
  • Of God or Angel, for they thought no ill:originalEd: 320
  • So hand in hand they passd, the lovliest pair
  • That ever since in loves imbraces met,
  • Adam the goodliest man of men since born
  • His Sons, the fairest of her Daughters Eve.
  • Under a tuft of shade that on a green
  • Stood whispering soft, by a fresh Fountain side
  • They sat them down, and after no more toil
  • Of thir sweet Gardning labour then suffic’d
  • To recommend coole Zephyr, and made ease
  • More easie, wholsom thirst and appetiteoriginalEd: 330
  • More grateful, to thir Supper Fruits they fell,
  • Nectarine Fruits which the compliant boughes
  • Yeilded them, side-long as they sat recline
  • On the soft downie Bank damaskt with flours:
  • The savourie pulp they chew, and in the rinde
  • Still as they thirsted scoop the brimming stream;
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  • Nor gentle purpose, nor endearing smiles
  • Wanted, nor youthful dalliance as beseems
  • Fair couple, linkt in happie nuptial League,
  • Alone as they. About them frisking playdoriginalEd: 340
  • All Beasts of th’ Earth, since wilde, and of all chase
  • In Wood or Wilderness, Forrest or Den;
  • Sporting the Lion rampd, and in his paw
  • Dandl’d the Kid; Bears, Tygers, Ounces, Pards
  • Gambold before them, th’ unwieldy Elephant
  • To make them mirth us’d all his might, and wreathd
  • His Lithe Proboscis; close the Serpent sly
  • Insinuating, wove with Gordian twine
  • His breaded train, and of his fatal guile
  • Gave proof unheeded; others on the grassoriginalEd: 350
  • Coucht, and now fild with pasture gazing sat,
  • Or Bedward ruminating; for the Sun
  • Declin’d was hasting now with prone carreer
  • To th’ Ocean Iles, and in th’ ascending Scale
  • Of Heav’n the Starrs that usher Evening rose:
  • When Satan still in gaze, as first he stood,
  • Scarce thus at length faild speech recoverd sad.
  • O Hell! what doe mine eyes with grief behold,
  • Into our room of bliss thus high advanc’t
  • Creatures of other mould, earth-born perhaps,originalEd: 360
  • Not Spirits, yet to heav’nly Spirits bright
  • Little inferior; whom my thoughts pursue
  • With wonder, and could love, so lively shines
  • In them Divine resemblance, and such grace
  • The hand that formd them on thir shape hath pourd.
  • Ah gentle pair, yee little think how nigh
  • Your change approaches, when all these delights
  • Will vanish and deliver ye to woe,
  • More woe, the more your taste is now of joy;
  • Happie, but for so happie ill secur’doriginalEd: 370
  • Long to continue, and this high seat your Heav’n
  • Ill fenc’t for Heav’n to keep out such a foe
  • As now is enterd; yet no purpos’d foe
  • To you whom I could pittie thus forlorne
  • Though I unpittied: League with you I seek,
  • And mutual amitie so streight, so close,
  • That I with you must dwell, or you with me
  • Henceforth; my dwelling haply may not please
  • Edition: current; Page: [(256)]
  • Like this fair Paradise, your sense, yet such
  • Accept your Makers work; he gave it me,originalEd: 380
  • Which I as freely give; Hell shall unfould,
  • To entertain you two, her widest Gates,
  • And send forth all her Kings; there will be room,
  • Not like these narrow limits, to receive
  • Your numerous ofspring; if no better place,
  • Thank him who puts me loath to this revenge
  • On you who wrong me not for him who wrongd.
  • And should I at your harmless innocence
  • Melt, as I doe, yet public reason just,
  • Honour and Empire with revenge enlarg’d,originalEd: 390
  • By conquering this new World, compels me now
  • To do what else though damnd I should abhorre.
  • So spake the Fiend, and with necessitie,
  • The Tyrants plea, excus’d his devilish deeds.
  • Then from his loftie stand on that high Tree
  • Down he alights among the sportful Herd
  • Of those fourfooted kindes, himself now one,
  • Now other, as thir shape servd best his end
  • Neerer to view his prey, and unespi’d
  • To mark what of thir state he more might learnoriginalEd: 400
  • By word or action markt: about them round
  • A Lion now he stalkes with fierie glare,
  • Then as a Tiger, who by chance hath spi’d
  • In some Purlieu two gentle Fawnes at play,
  • Strait couches close, then rising changes oft
  • His couchant watch, as one who chose his ground
  • Whence rushing he might surest seise them both
  • Grip’t in each paw: when Adam first of men
  • To first of women Eve thus moving speech,
  • Turnd him all eare to heare new utterance flow.originalEd: 410
  • Sole partner and sole part of all these joyes,
  • Dearer thy self then all; needs must the Power
  • That made us, and for us this ample World
  • Be infinitly good, and of his good
  • As liberal and free as infinite,
  • That rais’d us from the dust and plac’t us here
  • In all this happiness, who at his hand
  • Have nothing merited, nor can performe
  • Aught whereof hee hath need, hee who requires
  • From us no other service then to keeporiginalEd: 420
  • Edition: current; Page: [(257)]
  • This one, this easie charge, of all the Trees
  • In Paradise that beare delicious fruit
  • So various, not to taste that onely Tree
  • Of knowledge, planted by the Tree of Life,
  • So neer grows Death to Life, what ere Death is,
  • Som dreadful thing no doubt; for well thou knowst
  • God hath pronounc’t it death to taste that Tree,
  • The only sign of our obedience left
  • Among so many signes of power and rule
  • Conferrd upon us, and Dominion giv’noriginalEd: 430
  • Over all other Creatures that possesse
  • Earth, Aire, and Sea. Then let us not think hard
  • One easie prohibition, who enjoy
  • Free leave so large to all things else, and choice
  • Unlimited of manifold delights:
  • But let us ever praise him, and extoll
  • His bountie, following our delightful task
  • To prune these growing Plants, & tend these Flours,
  • Which were it toilsom, yet with thee were sweet.
  • To whom thus Eve repli’d. O thou for whomoriginalEd: 440
  • And from whom I was formd flesh of thy flesh,
  • And without whom am to no end, my Guide
  • And Head, what thou hast said is just and right.
  • For wee to him indeed all praises owe,
  • And daily thanks, I chiefly who enjoy
  • So farr the happier Lot, enjoying thee
  • Preëminent by so much odds, while thou
  • Like consort to thy self canst no where find.
  • That day I oft remember, when from sleep
  • I first awak’t, and found my self repos’doriginalEd: 450
  • Under a shade on flours, much wondring where
  • And what I was, whence thither brought, and how.
  • Not distant far from thence a murmuring sound
  • Of waters issu’d from a Cave and spread
  • Into a liquid Plain, then stood unmov’d
  • Pure as th’ expanse of Heav’n; I thither went
  • With unexperienc’t thought, and laid me downe
  • On the green bank, to look into the cleer
  • Smooth Lake, that to me seemd another Skie.
  • As I bent down to look, just opposite,originalEd: 460
  • A Shape within the watry gleam appeerd
  • Bending to look on me, I started back,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(258)]
  • It started back, but pleasd I soon returnd,
  • Pleas’d it returnd as soon with answering looks
  • Of sympathie and love, there I had fixt
  • Mine eyes till now, and pin’d with vain desire,
  • Had not a voice thus warnd me, What thou seest,
  • What there thou seest fair Creature is thy self,
  • With thee it came and goes: but follow me,
  • And I will bring thee where no shadow staiesoriginalEd: 470
  • Thy coming, and thy soft imbraces, hee
  • Whose image thou art, him thou shall enjoy
  • Inseparablie thine, to him shalt beare
  • Multitudes like thy self, and thence be call’d
  • Mother of human Race: what could I doe,
  • But follow strait, invisibly thus led?
  • Till I espi’d thee, fair indeed and tall,
  • Under a Platan, yet methought less faire,
  • Less winning soft, less amiablie milde,
  • Then that smooth watry image; back I turnd,originalEd: 480
  • Thou following cryd’st aloud, Return fair Eve,
  • Whom fli’st thou? whom thou fli’st, of him thou art,
  • His flesh, his bone; to give thee being I lent
  • Out of my side to thee, neerest my heart
  • Substantial Life, to have thee by my side
  • Henceforth an individual solace dear;
  • Part of my Soul I seek thee, and thee claim
  • My other half: with that thy gentle hand
  • Seisd mine, I yeilded, and from that time see
  • How beauty is excelld by manly graceoriginalEd: 490
  • And wisdom, which alone is truly fair.
  • So spake our general Mother, and with eyes
  • Of conjugal attraction unreprov’d,
  • And meek surrender, half imbracing leand
  • On our first Father, half her swelling Breast
  • Naked met his under the flowing Gold
  • Of her loose tresses hid: he in delight
  • Both of her Beauty and submissive Charms
  • Smil’d with superior Love, as Jupiter
  • On Juno smiles, when he impregns the CloudsoriginalEd: 500
  • That shed May Flowers; and press’d her Matron lip
  • With kisses pure: aside the Devil turnd
  • For envie, yet with jealous leer maligne
  • Ey’d them askance, and to himself thus plaind.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(259)]
  • Sight hateful, sight tormenting! thus these two
  • Imparadis’t in one anothers arms
  • The happier Eden, shall enjoy thir fill
  • Of bliss on bliss, while I to Hell am thrust,
  • Where neither joy nor love, but fierce desire,
  • Among our other torments not the least,originalEd: 510
  • Still unfulfill’d with pain of longing pines;
  • Yet let me not forget what I have gain’d
  • From thir own mouths; all is not theirs it seems:
  • One fatal Tree there stands of Knowledge call’d,
  • Forbidden them to taste: Knowledge forbidd’n?
  • Suspicious, reasonless. Why should thir Lord
  • Envie them that? can it be sin to know,
  • Can it be death? and do they onely stand
  • By Ignorance, is that thir happie state,
  • The proof of thir obedience and thir faith?originalEd: 520
  • O fair foundation laid whereon to build
  • Thir ruine! Hence I will excite thir minds
  • With more desire to know, and to reject
  • Envious commands, invented with designe
  • To keep them low whom knowledge might exalt
  • Equal with Gods; aspiring to be such,
  • They taste and die: what likelier can ensue?
  • But first with narrow search I must walk round
  • This Garden, and no corner leave unspi’d;
  • A chance but chance may lead where I may meetoriginalEd: 530
  • Some wandring Spirit of Heav’n, by Fountain side,
  • Or in thick shade retir’d, from him to draw
  • What further would be learnt. Live while ye may,
  • Yet happie pair; enjoy, till I return,
  • Short pleasures, for long woes are to succeed.
  • So saying, his proud step he scornful turn’d,
  • But with sly circumspection, and began
  • Through wood, through waste, o’re hil, o’re dale his roam.
  • Mean while in utmost Longitude, where Heav’n
  • With Earth and Ocean meets, the setting SunoriginalEd: 540
  • Slowly descended, and with right aspect
  • Against the eastern Gate of Paradise
  • Leveld his eevning Rayes: it was a Rock
  • Of Alablaster, pil’d up to the Clouds,
  • Conspicuous farr, winding with one ascent
  • Accessible from Earth, one entrance high;
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  • The rest was craggie cliff, that overhung
  • Still as it rose, impossible to climbe.
  • Betwixt these rockie Pillars Gabriel sat
  • Chief of th’ Angelic Guards, awaiting night;originalEd: 550
  • About him exercis’d Heroic Games
  • Th’ unarmed Youth of Heav’n, but nigh at hand
  • Celestial Armourie, Shields, Helmes, and Speares
  • Hung high with Diamond flaming, and with Gold.
  • Thither came Uriel, gliding through the Eeven
  • On a Sun beam, swift as a shooting Starr
  • In Autumn thwarts the night, when vapors fir’d
  • Impress the Air, and shews the Mariner
  • From what point of his Compass to beware
  • Impetuous winds: he thus began in haste.originalEd: 560
  • Gabriel, to thee thy cours by Lot hath giv’n
  • Charge and strict watch that to this happie place
  • No evil thing approach or enter in;
  • This day at highth of Noon came to my Spheare
  • A Spirit, zealous, as he seem’d, to know
  • More of th’ Almighties works, and chiefly Man
  • Gods latest Image: I describ’d his way
  • Bent all on speed, and markt his Aerie Gate;
  • But in the Mount that lies from Eden North,
  • Where he first lighted, soon discernd his looksoriginalEd: 570
  • Alien from Heav’n, with passions foul obscur’d:
  • Mine eye pursu’d him still, but under shade
  • Lost sight of him; one of the banisht crew
  • I fear, hath ventur’d from the deep, to raise
  • New troubles; him thy care must be to find.
  • To whom the winged Warriour thus returnd:
  • Uriel, no wonder if thy perfet sight,
  • Amid the Suns bright circle where thou sitst,
  • See farr and wide: in at this Gate none pass
  • The vigilance here plac’t, but such as comeoriginalEd: 580
  • Well known from Heav’n; and since Meridian hour
  • No Creature thence: if Spirit of other sort,
  • So minded, have oreleapt these earthie bounds
  • On purpose, hard thou knowst it to exclude
  • Spiritual substance with corporeal barr.
  • But if within the circuit of these walks
  • In whatsoever shape he lurk, of whom
  • Thou telst, by morrow dawning I shall know.
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  • So promis’d hee, and Uriel to his charge
  • Returnd on that bright beam, whose point now raisdoriginalEd: 590
  • Bore him slope downward to the Sun now fall’n
  • Beneath th’ Azores; whither the prime Orb,
  • Incredible how swift, had thither rowl’d
  • Diurnal, or this less volubil Earth
  • By shorter flight to th’ East, had left him there
  • Arraying with reflected Purple and Gold
  • The Clouds that on his Western Throne attend:
  • Now came still Eevning on, and Twilight gray
  • Had in her sober Liverie all things clad;
  • Silence accompanied, for Beast and Bird,originalEd: 600
  • They to thir grassie Couch, these to thir Nests
  • Were slunk, all but the wakeful Nightingale;
  • She all night long her amorous descant sung;
  • Silence was pleas’d: now glow’d the Firmament
  • With living Saphirs: Hesperus that led
  • The starrie Host, rode brightest, till the Moon
  • Rising in clouded Majestie, at length
  • Apparent Queen unvaild her peerless light,
  • And o’re the dark her Silver Mantle threw.
  • When Adam thus to Eve: Fair Consort, th’ houroriginalEd: 610
  • Of night, and all things now retir’d to rest
  • Mind us of like repose, since God hath set
  • Labour and rest, as day and night to men
  • Successive, and the timely dew of sleep
  • Now falling with soft slumbrous weight inclines
  • Our eye-lids; other Creatures all day long
  • Rove idle unimploid, and less need rest;
  • Man hath his daily work of body or mind
  • Appointed, which declares his Dignitie,
  • And the regard of Heav’n on all his waies;originalEd: 620
  • While other Animals unactive range,
  • And of thir doings God takes no account.
  • To morrow ere fresh Morning streak the East
  • With first approach of light, we must be ris’n,
  • And at our pleasant labour, to reform
  • Yon flourie Arbors, yonder Allies green,
  • Our walks at noon, with branches overgrown,
  • That mock our scant manuring, and require
  • More hands then ours to lop thir wanton growth:
  • Edition: current; Page: [(262)]
  • Those Blossoms also, and those dropping Gumms,originalEd: 630
  • That lie bestrowne unsightly and unsmooth,
  • Ask riddance, if we mean to tread with ease;
  • Mean while, as Nature wills, Night bids us rest.
  • To whom thus Eve with perfet beauty adornd.
  • My Author and Disposer, what thou bidst
  • Unargu’d I obey; so God ordains,
  • God is thy Law, thou mine: to know no more
  • Is womans happiest knowledge and her praise.
  • With thee conversing I forget all time,
  • All seasons and thir change, all please alike.originalEd: 640
  • Sweet is the breath of morn, her rising sweet,
  • With charm of earliest Birds; pleasant the Sun
  • When first on this delightful Land he spreads
  • His orient Beams, on herb, tree, fruit, and flour,
  • Glistring with dew; fragrant the fertil earth
  • After soft showers; and sweet the coming on
  • Of grateful Eevning milde, then silent Night
  • With this her solemn Bird and this fair Moon,
  • And these the Gemms of Heav’n, her starrie train:
  • But neither breath of Morn when she ascendsoriginalEd: 650
  • With charm of earliest Birds, nor rising Sun
  • On this delightful land, nor herb, fruit, floure,
  • Glistring with dew, nor fragrance after showers,
  • Nor grateful Evening mild, nor silent Night
  • With this her solemn Bird, nor walk by Moon,
  • Or glittering Starr-light without thee is sweet.
  • But wherfore all night long shine these, for whom
  • This glorious sight, when sleep hath shut all eyes?
  • To whom our general Ancestor repli’d.
  • Daughter of God and Man, accomplisht Eve,originalEd: 660
  • Those have thir course to finish, round the Earth,
  • By morrow Eevning, and from Land to Land
  • In order, though to Nations yet unborn,
  • Ministring light prepar’d, they set and rise;
  • Least total darkness should by Night regaine
  • Her old possession, and extinguish life
  • In Nature and all things, which these soft fires
  • Not only enlighten, but with kindly heate
  • Of various influence foment and warme,
  • Temper or nourish, or in part shed downoriginalEd: 670
  • Thir stellar vertue on all kinds that grow
  • Edition: current; Page: [(263)]
  • On Earth, made hereby apter to receive
  • Perfection from the Suns more potent Ray.
  • These then, though unbeheld in deep of night,
  • Shine not in vain, nor think, though men were none,
  • That heav’n would want spectators, God want praise;
  • Millions of spiritual Creatures walk the Earth
  • Unseen, both when we wake, and when we sleep:
  • All these with ceasless praise his works behold
  • Both day and night: how often from the steeporiginalEd: 680
  • Of echoing Hill or Thicket have we heard
  • Celestial voices to the midnight air,
  • Sole, or responsive each to others note
  • Singing thir great Creator: oft in bands
  • While they keep watch, or nightly rounding walk
  • With Heav’nly touch of instrumental sounds
  • In full harmonic number joind, thir songs
  • Divide the night, and lift our thoughts to Heaven.
  • Thus talking hand in hand alone they pass’d
  • On to thir blissful Bower; it was a placeoriginalEd: 690
  • Chos’n by the sovran Planter, when he fram’d
  • All things to mans delightful use; the roofe
  • Of thickest covert was inwoven shade
  • Laurel and Mirtle, and what higher grew
  • Of firm and fragrant leaf; on either side
  • Acanthus, and each odorous bushie shrub
  • Fenc’d up the verdant wall; each beauteous flour,
  • Iris all hues, Roses, and Gessamin
  • Rear’d high thir flourisht heads between, and wrought
  • Mosaic; underfoot the Violet,originalEd: 700
  • Crocus, and Hyacinth with rich inlay
  • Broiderd the ground, more colour’d then with stone
  • Of costliest Emblem: other Creature here
  • Beast, Bird, Insect, or Worm durst enter none;
  • Such was thir awe of man. In shadier Bower
  • More sacred and sequesterd, though but feignd,
  • Pan or Silvanus never slept, nor Nymph,
  • Nor Faunus haunted. Here in close recess
  • With Flowers, Garlands, and sweet-smelling Herbs
  • Espoused Eve deckt first her Nuptial Bed,originalEd: 710
  • And heav’nly Quires the Hymenæan sung,
  • What day the genial Angel to our Sire
  • Brought her in naked beauty more adorn’d
  • Edition: current; Page: [(264)]
  • More lovely then Pandora, whom the Gods
  • Endowd with all thir gifts, and O too like
  • In sad event, when to the unwiser Son
  • Of Japhet brought by Hermes, she ensnar’d
  • Mankind with her faire looks, to be aveng’d
  • On him who had stole Joves authentic fire.
  • Thus at thir shadie Lodge arriv’d, both stood,originalEd: 720
  • Both turnd, and under op’n Skie ador’d
  • The God that made both Skie, Air, Earth & Heav’n
  • Which they beheld, the Moons resplendent Globe
  • And starrie Pole: Thou also mad’st the Night,
  • Maker Omnipotent, and thou the Day,
  • Which we in our appointed work imployd
  • Have finisht happie in our mutual help
  • And mutual love, the Crown of all our bliss
  • Ordain’d by thee, and this delicious place
  • For us too large, where thy abundance wantsoriginalEd: 730
  • Partakers, and uncropt falls to the ground.
  • But thou hast promis’d from us two a Race
  • To fill the Earth, who shall with us extoll
  • Thy goodness infinite, both when we wake,
  • And when we seek, as now, thy gift of sleep.
  • This said unanimous, and other Rites
  • Observing none, but adoration pure
  • Which God likes best, into thir inmost bower
  • Handed they went; and eas’d the putting off
  • These troublesom disguises which wee wear,originalEd: 740
  • Strait side by side were laid, nor turnd I weene
  • Adam from his fair Spouse, nor Eve the Rites
  • Mysterious of connubial Love refus’d:
  • Whatever Hypocrites austerely talk
  • Of puritie and place and innocence,
  • Defaming as impure what God declares
  • Pure, and commands to som, leaves free to all.
  • Our Maker bids increase, who bids abstain
  • But our Destroyer, foe to God and Man?
  • Haile wedded Love, mysterious Law, true sourseoriginalEd: 750
  • Of human ofspring, sole proprietie,
  • In Paradise of all things common else.
  • By thee adulterous lust was driv’n from men
  • Among the bestial herds to raunge, by thee
  • Founded in Reason, Loyal, Just, and Pure,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(265)]
  • Relations dear, and all the Charities
  • Of Father, Son, and Brother first were known.
  • Farr be it, that I should write thee sin or blame,
  • Or think thee unbefitting holiest place,
  • Perpetual Fountain of Domestic sweets,originalEd: 760
  • Whose Bed is undefil’d and chast pronounc’t,
  • Present, or past, as Saints and Patriarchs us’d.
  • Here Love his golden shafts imploies, here lights
  • His constant Lamp, and waves his purple wings,
  • Reigns here and revels; not in the bought smile
  • Of Harlots, loveless, joyless, unindeard,
  • Casual fruition, nor in Court Amours
  • Mixt Dance, or wanton Mask, or Midnight Bal,
  • Or Serenate, which the starv’d Lover sings
  • To his proud fair, best quitted with disdain.originalEd: 770
  • These lulld by Nightingales imbraceing slept,
  • And on thir naked limbs the flourie roof
  • Showrd Roses, which the Morn repair’d. Sleep on,
  • Blest pair; and O yet happiest if ye seek
  • No happier state, and know to know no more.
  • Now had night measur’d with her shaddowie Cone
  • Half way up Hill this vast Sublunar Vault,
  • And from thir Ivorie Port the Cherubim
  • Forth issuing at th’ accustomd hour stood armd
  • To thir night watches in warlike Parade,originalEd: 780
  • When Gabriel to his next in power thus spake.
  • Uzziel, half these draw off, and coast the South
  • With strictest watch; these other wheel the North,
  • Our circuit meets full West. As flame they part
  • Half wheeling to the Shield, half to the Spear.
  • From these, two strong and suttle Spirits he calld
  • That neer him stood, and gave them thus in charge.
  • Ithuriel and Zephon, with wingd speed
  • Search through this Garden, leav unsearcht no nook,
  • But chiefly where those two fair Creatures Lodge,originalEd: 790
  • Now laid perhaps asleep secure of harme.
  • This Eevning from the Sun’s decline arriv’d
  • Who tells of som infernal Spirit seen
  • Hitherward bent (who could have thought?) escap’d
  • The barrs of Hell, on errand bad no doubt:
  • Such where ye find, seise fast, and hither bring.
  • So saying, on he led his radiant Files,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(266)]
  • Daz’ling the Moon; these to the Bower direct
  • In search of whom they sought: him there they found
  • Squat like a Toad, close at the eare of Eve;originalEd: 800
  • Assaying by his Devilish art to reach
  • The Organs of her Fancie, and with them forge
  • Illusions as he list, Phantasms and Dreams,
  • Or if, inspiring venom, he might taint
  • Th’ animal Spirits that from pure blood arise
  • Like gentle breaths from Rivers pure, thence raise
  • At least distemperd, discontented thoughts,
  • Vain hopes, vain aimes, inordinate desires
  • Blown up with high conceits ingendring pride.
  • Him thus intent Ithuriel with his SpearoriginalEd: 810
  • Touch’d lightly; for no falshood can endure
  • Touch of Celestial temper, but returns
  • Of force to its own likeness: up he starts
  • Discoverd and surpriz’d. As when a spark
  • Lights on a heap of nitrous Powder, laid
  • Fit for the Tun som Magazin to store
  • Against a rumord Warr, the Smuttie graine
  • With sudden blaze diffus’d, inflames the Aire:
  • So started up in his own shape the Fiend.
  • Back stept those two fair Angels half amaz’doriginalEd: 820
  • So sudden to behold the grieslie King;
  • Yet thus, unmovd with fear, accost him soon.
  • Which of those rebell Spirits adjudg’d to Hell
  • Com’st thou, escap’d thy prison, and transform’d,
  • Why satst thou like an enemie in waite
  • Here watching at the head of these that sleep?
  • Know ye not then said Satan, filld with scorn
  • Know ye not me? ye knew me once no mate
  • For you, there sitting where ye durst not soare;
  • Not to know mee argues your selves unknown,originalEd: 830
  • The lowest of your throng; or if ye know,
  • Why ask ye, and superfluous begin
  • Your message, like to end as much in vain?
  • To whom thus Zephon, answering scorn with scorn.
  • Think not, revolted Spirit, thy shape the same,
  • Or undiminisht brightness, to be known
  • As when thou stoodst in Heav’n upright and pure;
  • That Glorie then, when thou no more wast good,
  • Departed from thee, and thou resembl’st now
  • Edition: current; Page: [(267)]
  • Thy sin and place of doom obscure and foule.originalEd: 840
  • But come, for thou, besure, shalt give account
  • To him who sent us, whose charge is to keep
  • This place inviolable, and these from harm.
  • So spake the Cherube, and his grave rebuke
  • Severe in youthful beautie, added grace
  • Invincible: abasht the Devil stood,
  • And felt how awful goodness is, and saw
  • Vertue in her shape how lovly, saw, and pin’d
  • His loss; but chiefly to find here observd
  • His lustre visibly impar’d; yet seemdoriginalEd: 850
  • Undaunted. If I must contend, said he,
  • Best with the best, the Sender not the sent,
  • Or all at once; more glorie will be wonn,
  • Or less be lost. Thy fear, said Zephon bold,
  • Will save us trial what the least can doe
  • Single against thee wicked, and thence weak.
  • The Fiend repli’d not, overcome with rage;
  • But like a proud Steed reind, went hautie on,
  • Chaumping his iron curb: to strive or flie
  • He held it vain; awe from above had quelldoriginalEd: 860
  • His heart, not else dismai’d. Now drew they nigh
  • The western point, where those half-rounding guards
  • Just met, & closing stood in squadron joind
  • Awaiting next command. To whom thir Chief
  • Gabriel from the Front thus calld aloud.
  • O friends, I hear the tread of nimble feet
  • Hasting this way, and now by glimps discerne
  • Ithuriel and Zephon through the shade,
  • And with them comes a third of Regal port,
  • But faded splendor wan; who by his gateoriginalEd: 870
  • And fierce demeanour seems the Prince of Hell,
  • Not likely to part hence without contest;
  • Stand firm, for in his look defiance lours.
  • He scarce had ended, when those two approachd
  • And brief related whom they brought, wher found,
  • How busied, in what form and posture coucht.
  • To whom with stern regard thus Gabriel spake.
  • Why hast thou, Satan, broke the bounds prescrib’d
  • To thy transgressions, and disturbd the charge
  • Of others, who approve not to transgressoriginalEd: 880
  • By thy example, but have power and right
  • Edition: current; Page: [(268)]
  • To question thy bold entrance on this place;
  • Imploi’d it seems to violate sleep, and those
  • Whose dwelling God hath planted here in bliss?
  • To whom thus Satan with contemptuous brow.
  • Gabriel, thou hadst in Heav’n th’ esteem of wise,
  • And such I held thee; but this question askt
  • Puts me in doubt. Lives ther who loves his pain?
  • Who would not, finding way, break loose from Hell,
  • Though thither doomd? Thou wouldst thy self, no doubt,originalEd: 890
  • And boldly venture to whatever place
  • Farthest from pain, where thou mightst hope to change
  • Torment with ease, & soonest recompence
  • Dole with delight, which in this place I sought;
  • To thee no reason; who knowst only good,
  • But evil hast not tri’d: and wilt object
  • His will who bound us? let him surer barr
  • His Iron Gates, if he intends our stay
  • In that dark durance: thus much what was askt.
  • The rest is true, they found me where they say;originalEd: 900
  • But that implies not violence or harme.
  • Thus hee in scorn. The warlike Angel mov’d,
  • Disdainfully half smiling thus repli’d.
  • O loss of one in Heav’n to judge of wise,
  • Since Satan fell, whom follie overthrew,
  • And now returns him from his prison scap’t,
  • Gravely in doubt whether to hold them wise
  • Or not, who ask what boldness brought him hither
  • Unlicenc’t from his bounds in Hell prescrib’d;
  • So wise he judges it to fly from painoriginalEd: 910
  • However, and to scape his punishment.
  • So judge thou still, presumptuous, till the wrauth,
  • Which thou incurr’st by flying, meet thy flight
  • Seavenfold, and scourge that wisdom back to Hell,
  • Which taught thee yet no better, that no pain
  • Can equal anger infinite provok’t.
  • But wherefore thou alone? wherefore with thee
  • Came not all Hell broke loose? is pain to them
  • Less pain, less to be fled, or thou then they
  • Less hardie to endure? courageous Chief,originalEd: 920
  • The first in flight from pain, had’st thou alleg’d
  • To thy deserted host this cause of flight,
  • Thou surely hadst not come sole fugitive.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(269)]
  • To which the Fiend thus answerd frowning stern.
  • Not that I less endure, or shrink from pain,
  • Insulting Angel, well thou knowst I stood
  • Thy fiercest, when in Battel to thy aide
  • The blasting volied Thunder made all speed
  • And seconded thy else not dreaded Spear.
  • But still thy words at random, as before,originalEd: 930
  • Argue thy inexperience what behooves
  • From hard assaies and ill successes past
  • A faithful Leader, not to hazard all
  • Through wayes of danger by himself untri’d.
  • I therefore, I alone first undertook
  • To wing the desolate Abyss, and spie
  • This new created World, whereof in Hell
  • Fame is not silent, here in hope to find
  • Better abode, and my afflicted Powers
  • To settle here on Earth, or in mid Aire;originalEd: 940
  • Though for possession put to try once more
  • What thou and thy gay Legions dare against;
  • Whose easier business were to serve thir Lord
  • High up in Heav’n, with songs to hymne his Throne,
  • And practis’d distances to cringe, not fight.
  • To whom the warriour Angel soon repli’d.
  • To say and strait unsay, pretending first
  • Wise to flie pain, professing next the Spie,
  • Argues no Leader, but a lyar trac’t,
  • Satan, and couldst thou faithful add? O name,originalEd: 950
  • O sacred name of faithfulness profan’d!
  • Faithful to whom? to thy rebellious crew?
  • Armie of Fiends, fit body to fit head;
  • Was this your discipline and faith ingag’d,
  • Your military obedience, to dissolve
  • Allegeance to th’ acknowledg’d Power supream?
  • And thou sly hypocrite, who now wouldst seem
  • Patron of liberty, who more then thou
  • Once fawn’d, and cring’d, and servilly ador’d
  • Heav’ns awful Monarch? wherefore but in hopeoriginalEd: 960
  • To dispossess him, and thy self to reigne?
  • But mark what I arreede thee now, avant;
  • Flie thither whence thou fledst: if from this houre
  • Within these hallowd limits thou appeer,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(270)]
  • Back to th’ infernal pit I drag thee chaind,
  • And Seale thee so, as henceforth not to scorne
  • The facil gates of hell too slightly barrd.
  • So threatn’d hee, but Satan to no threats
  • Gave heed, but waxing more in rage repli’d.
  • Then when I am thy captive talk of chaines,originalEd: 970
  • Proud limitarie Cherube, but ere then
  • Farr heavier load thy self expect to feel
  • From my prevailing arme, though Heavens King
  • Ride on thy wings, and thou with thy Compeers,
  • Us’d to the yoak, draw’st his triumphant wheels
  • In progress through the rode of Heav’n Star-pav’d.
  • While thus he spake, th’ Angelic Squadron bright
  • Turnd fierie red, sharpning in mooned hornes
  • Thir Phalanx, and began to hemm him round
  • With ported Spears, as thick as when a fieldoriginalEd: 980
  • Of Ceres ripe for harvest waving bends
  • Her bearded Grove of ears, which way the wind
  • Swayes them; the careful Plowman doubting stands
  • Least on the threshing floore his hopeful sheaves
  • Prove chaff. On th’ other side Satan allarm’d
  • Collecting all his might dilated stood,
  • Like Teneriff or Atlas unremov’d:
  • His stature reacht the Skie, and on his Crest
  • Sat horror Plum’d; nor wanted in his graspe
  • What seemd both Spear and Shield: now dreadful deedsoriginalEd: 990
  • Might have ensu’d, nor onely Paradise
  • In this commotion, but the Starrie Cope
  • Of Heav’n perhaps, or all the Elements
  • At least had gon to rack, disturbd and torne
  • With violence of this conflict, had not soon
  • Th’ Eternal to prevent such horrid fray
  • Hung forth in Heav’n his golden Scales, yet seen
  • Betwixt Astrea and the Scorpion signe,
  • Wherein all things created first he weighd,
  • The pendulous round Earth with ballanc’t AireoriginalEd: 1000
  • In counterpoise, now ponders all events,
  • Battels and Realms: in these he put two weights
  • The sequel each of parting and of fight;
  • The latter quick up flew, and kickt the beam;
  • Which Gabriel spying, thus bespake the Fiend.
  • Satan, I know thy strength, and thou knowst mine,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(271)]
  • Neither our own but giv’n; what follie then
  • To boast what Arms can doe, since thine no more
  • Then Heav’n permits, nor mine, though doubld now
  • To trample thee as mire: for proof look up,originalEd: 1010
  • And read thy Lot in yon celestial Sign
  • Where thou art weigh’d, & shown how light, how weak,
  • If thou resist. The Fiend lookt up and knew
  • His mounted scale aloft: nor more; but fled
  • Murmuring, and with him fled the shades of night.
The End of the Fourth Book.
Edition: current; Page: [(272)]

BOOK V.

THE ARGUMENT.

Morning approach’t, Eve relates to Adam her troublesome dream; he likes it not, yet comforts her: They come forth to thir day labours: Their Morning Hymn at the Door of their Bower. God to render Man inexcusable sends Raphael to admonish him of his obedience, of his free estate, of his enemy near at hand; who he is, and why his enemy, and whatever else may avail Adam to know. Raphael comes down to Paradise, his appearance describ’d, his coming discern’d by Adam afar off sitting at the door of his Bower; he goes out to meet him, brings him to his lodge, entertains him with the choycest fruits of Paradise got together by Eve; their discourse at Table: Raphael performs his message, minds Adam of his state and of his enemy; relates at Adams request who that enemy is, and how he came to be so, beginning from his first revolt in Heaven, and the occasion thereof; how he drew his Legions after him to the parts of the North, and there incited them to rebel with him, perswading all but only Abdiel a Seraph, who in Argument diswades and opposes him, then forsakes him.

  • Now morn her rosie steps in th’ Eastern Clime
  • Advancing, sow’d the Earth with Orient Pearle,
  • When Adam wak’t, so customd, for his sleep
  • Was Aerie light, from pure digestion bred,
  • And temperat vapors bland, which th’ only sound
  • Of leaves and fuming rills, Aurora’s fan,
  • Lightly dispers’d, and the shrill Matin Song
  • Of Birds on every bough; so much the more
  • His wonder was to find unwak’nd Eve
  • With Tresses discompos’d, and glowing Cheek,originalEd: 10
  • As through unquiet rest: he on his side
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  • Leaning half-rais’d, with looks of cordial Love
  • Hung over her enamour’d, and beheld
  • Beautie, which whether waking or asleep,
  • Shot forth peculiar Graces; then with voice
  • Milde, as when Zephyrus on Flora breathes,
  • Her hand soft touching, whisperd thus. Awake
  • My fairest, my espous’d, my latest found,
  • Heav’ns last best gift, my ever new delight,
  • Awake, the morning shines, and the fresh fieldoriginalEd: 20
  • Calls us, we lose the prime, to mark how spring
  • Our tended Plants, how blows the Citron Grove,
  • What drops the Myrrhe, & what the balmie Reed,
  • How Nature paints her colours, how the Bee
  • Sits on the Bloom extracting liquid sweet.
  • Such whispering wak’d her, but with startl’d eye
  • On Adam, whom imbracing, thus she spake.
  • O Sole in whom my thoughts find all repose,
  • My Glorie, my Perfection, glad I see
  • Thy face, and Morn return’d, for I this Night,originalEd: 30
  • Such night till this I never pass’d, have dream’d,
  • If dream’d, not as I oft am wont, of thee,
  • Works of day pass’t, or morrows next designe,
  • But of offence and trouble, which my mind
  • Knew never till this irksom night; methought
  • Close at mine ear one call’d me forth to walk
  • With gentle voice, I thought it thine; it said,
  • Why sleepst thou Eve? now is the pleasant time,
  • The cool, the silent, save where silence yields
  • To the night-warbling Bird, that now awakeoriginalEd: 40
  • Tunes sweetest his love-labor’d song; now reignes
  • Full Orb’d the Moon, and with more pleasing light
  • Shadowie sets off the face of things; in vain,
  • If none regard; Heav’n wakes with all his eyes,
  • Whom to behold but thee, Natures desire,
  • In whose sight all things joy, with ravishment
  • Attracted by thy beauty still to gaze.
  • I rose as at thy call, but found thee not;
  • To find thee I directed then my walk;
  • And on, methought, alone I pass’d through waysoriginalEd: 50
  • That brought me on a sudden to the Tree
  • Of interdicted Knowledge: fair it seem’d,
  • Much fairer to my Fancie then by day:
  • Edition: current; Page: [(274)]
  • And as I wondring lookt, beside it stood
  • One shap’d and wing’d like one of those from Heav’n
  • By us oft seen; his dewie locks distill’d
  • Ambrosia; on that Tree he also gaz’d;
  • And O fair Plant, said he, with fruit surcharg’d,
  • Deigns none to ease thy load and taste thy sweet,
  • Nor God, nor Man; is Knowledge so despis’d?originalEd: 60
  • Or envie, or what reserve forbids to taste?
  • Forbid who will, none shall from me withhold
  • Longer thy offerd good, why else set here?
  • This said he paus’d not, but with ventrous Arme
  • He pluckt, he tasted; mee damp horror chil’d
  • At such bold words voucht with a deed so bold:
  • But he thus overjoy’d, O Fruit Divine,
  • Sweet of thy self, but much more sweet thus cropt,
  • Forbidd’n here, it seems, as onely fit
  • For Gods, yet able to make Gods of Men:originalEd: 70
  • And why not Gods of Men, since good, the more
  • Communicated, more abundant growes,
  • The Author not impair’d, but honourd more?
  • Here, happie Creature, fair Angelic Eve,
  • Partake thou also; happie though thou art,
  • Happier thou mayst be, worthier canst not be:
  • Taste this, and be henceforth among the Gods
  • Thy self a Goddess, not to Earth confind,
  • But sometimes in the Air, as wee, sometimes
  • Ascend to Heav’n, by merit thine, and seeoriginalEd: 80
  • What life the Gods live there, and such live thou.
  • So saying, he drew nigh, and to me held,
  • Even to my mouth of that same fruit held part
  • Which he had pluckt; the pleasant savourie smell
  • So quick’nd appetite, that I, methought,
  • Could not but taste. Forthwith up to the Clouds
  • With him I flew, and underneath beheld
  • The Earth outstretcht immense, a prospect wide
  • And various: wondring at my flight and change
  • To this high exaltation; suddenlyoriginalEd: 90
  • My Guide was gon, and I, me thought, sunk down,
  • And fell asleep; but O how glad I wak’d
  • To find this but a dream! Thus Eve her Night
  • Related, and thus Adam answerd sad.
  • Best Image of my self and dearer half,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(275)]
  • The trouble of thy thoughts this night in sleep
  • Affects me equally; nor can I like
  • This uncouth dream, of evil sprung I fear;
  • Yet evil whence? in thee can harbour none,
  • Created pure. But know that in the SouleoriginalEd: 100
  • Are many lesser Faculties that serve
  • Reason as chief; among these Fansie next
  • Her office holds; of all external things,
  • Which the five watchful Senses represent,
  • She forms Imaginations, Aerie shapes,
  • Which Reason joyning or disjoyning, frames
  • All what we affirm or what deny, and call
  • Our knowledge or opinion; then retires
  • Into her private Cell when Nature rests.
  • Oft in her absence mimic Fansie wakesoriginalEd: 110
  • To imitate her; but misjoyning shapes,
  • Wilde work produces oft, and most in dreams,
  • Ill matching words and deeds long past or late.
  • Som such resemblances methinks I find
  • Of our last Eevnings talk, in this thy dream,
  • But with addition strange; yet be not sad.
  • Evil into the mind of God or Man
  • May come and go, so unapprov’d, and leave
  • No spot or blame behind: Which gives me hope
  • That what in sleep thou didst abhorr to dream,originalEd: 120
  • Waking thou never wilt consent to do:
  • Be not disheart’nd then, nor cloud those looks
  • That wont to be more chearful and serene
  • Then when fair Morning first smiles on the World,
  • And let us to our fresh imployments rise
  • Among the Groves, the Fountains, and the Flours
  • That open now thir choicest bosom’d smells
  • Reservd from night, and kept for thee in store.
  • So cheard he his fair Spouse, and she was cheard,
  • But silently a gentle tear let falloriginalEd: 130
  • From either eye, and wip’d them with her haire;
  • Two other precious drops that ready stood,
  • Each in thir chrystal sluce, hee ere they fell
  • Kiss’d as the gracious signs of sweet remorse
  • And pious awe, that feard to have offended.
  • So all was cleard, and to the Field they haste.
  • But first from under shadie arborous roof,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(276)]
  • Soon as they forth were come to open sight
  • Of day-spring, and the Sun, who scarce up risen
  • With wheels yet hov’ring o’re the Ocean brim,originalEd: 140
  • Shot paralel to the earth his dewie ray,
  • Discovering in wide Lantskip all the East
  • Of Paradise and Edens happie Plains,
  • Lowly they bow’d adoring, and began
  • Thir Orisons, each Morning duly paid
  • In various style, for neither various style
  • Nor holy rapture wanted they to praise
  • Thir Maker, in fit strains pronounc’t or sung
  • Unmeditated, such prompt eloquence
  • Flowd from thir lips, in Prose or numerous Verse,originalEd: 150
  • More tuneable then needed Lute or Harp
  • To add more sweetness, and they thus began.
  • These are thy glorious works Parent of good,
  • Almightie, thine this universal Frame,
  • Thus wondrous fair; thy self how wondrous then!
  • Unspeakable, who sitst above these Heavens
  • To us invisible or dimly seen
  • In these thy lowest works, yet these declare
  • Thy goodness beyond thought, and Power Divine:
  • Speak yee who best can tell, ye Sons of light,originalEd: 160
  • Angels, for yee behold him, and with songs
  • And choral symphonies, Day without Night,
  • Circle his Throne rejoycing, yee in Heav’n,
  • On Earth joyn all yee Creatures to extoll
  • Him first, him last, him midst, and without end.
  • Fairest of Starrs, last in the train of Night,
  • If better thou belong not to the dawn,
  • Sure pledge of day, that crownst the smiling Morn
  • With thy bright Circlet, praise him in thy Spheare
  • While day arises, that sweet hour of Prime.originalEd: 170
  • Thou Sun, of this great World both Eye and Soule,
  • Acknowledge him thy Greater, sound his praise
  • In thy eternal course, both when thou climb’st,
  • And when high Noon hast gaind, & when thou fallst.
  • Moon, that now meetst the orient Sun, now fli’st
  • With the fixt Starrs, fixt in thir Orb that flies,
  • And yee five other wandring Fires that move
  • In mystic Dance not without Song, resound
  • His praise, who out of Darkness call’d up Light.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(277)]
  • Aire, and ye Elements the eldest birthoriginalEd: 180
  • Of Natures Womb, that in quaternion run
  • Perpetual Circle, multiform; and mix
  • And nourish all things, let your ceasless change
  • Varie to our great Maker still new praise.
  • Ye Mists and Exhalations that now rise
  • From Hill or steaming Lake, duskie or grey,
  • Till the Sun paint your fleecie skirts with Gold,
  • In honour to the Worlds great Author rise,
  • Whether to deck with Clouds the uncolourd skie,
  • Or wet the thirstie Earth with falling showers,originalEd: 190
  • Rising or falling still advance his praise.
  • His praise ye Winds, that from four Quarters blow,
  • Breathe soft or loud; and wave your tops, ye Pines,
  • With every Plant, in sign of Worship wave.
  • Fountains and yee, that warble, as ye flow,
  • Melodious murmurs, warbling tune his praise.
  • Joyn voices all ye living Souls, ye Birds,
  • That singing up to Heaven Gate ascend,
  • Bear on your wings and in your notes his praise;
  • Yee that in Waters glide, and yee that walkoriginalEd: 200
  • The Earth, and stately tread, or lowly creep;
  • Witness if I be silent, Morn or Eeven,
  • To Hill, or Valley, Fountain, or fresh shade
  • Made vocal by my Song, and taught his praise.
  • Hail universal Lord, be bounteous still
  • To give us onely good; and if the night
  • Have gathered aught of evil or conceald,
  • Disperse it, as now light dispels the dark.
  • So pray’d they innocent, and to thir thoughts
  • Firm peace recoverd soon and wonted calm.originalEd: 210
  • On to thir mornings rural work they haste
  • Among sweet dewes and flours; where any row
  • Of Fruit-trees overwoodie reachd too farr
  • Thir pamperd boughes, and needed hands to check
  • Fruitless imbraces: or they led the Vine
  • To wed her Elm; she spous’d about him twines
  • Her mariageable arms, and with her brings
  • Her dowr th’ adopted Clusters, to adorn
  • His barren leaves. Them thus imploid beheld
  • With pittie Heav’ns high King, and to him call’doriginalEd: 220
  • Raphael, the sociable Spirit, that deign’d
  • Edition: current; Page: [(278)]
  • To travel with Tobias, and secur’d
  • His marriage with the seaventimes-wedded Maid.
  • Raphael, said hee, thou hear’st what stir on Earth
  • Satan from Hell scap’t through the darksom Gulf
  • Hath raisd in Paradise, and how disturbd
  • This night the human pair, how he designes
  • In them at once to ruin all mankind.
  • Go therefore, half this day as friend with friend
  • Converse with Adam, in what Bowre or shadeoriginalEd: 230
  • Thou find’st him from the heat of Noon retir’d,
  • To respit his day-labour with repast,
  • Or with repose; and such discourse bring on,
  • As may advise him of his happie state,
  • Happiness in his power left free to will,
  • Left to his own free Will, his Will though free,
  • Yet mutable, whence warne him to beware
  • He swerve not too secure: tell him withall
  • His danger, and from whom, what enemie
  • Late falln himself from Heaven, is plotting noworiginalEd: 240
  • The fall of others from like state of bliss;
  • By violence, no, for that shall be withstood,
  • But by deceit and lies; this let him know,
  • Least wilfully transgressing he pretend
  • Surprisal, unadmonisht, unforewarnd.
  • So spake th’ Eternal Father, and fulfilld
  • All Justice: nor delaid the winged Saint
  • After his charge receivd; but from among
  • Thousand Celestial Ardors, where he stood
  • Vaild with his gorgeous wings, up springing lightoriginalEd: 250
  • Flew through the midst of Heav’n; th’ angelic Quires
  • On each hand parting, to his speed gave way
  • Through all th’ Empyreal road; till at the Gate
  • Of Heav’n arriv’d, the gate self-opend wide
  • On golden Hinges turning, as by work
  • Divine the sov’ran Architect had fram’d.
  • From hence, no cloud, or, to obstruct his sight,
  • Starr interpos’d, however small he sees,
  • Not unconform to other shining Globes,
  • Earth and the Gard’n of God, with Cedars crowndoriginalEd: 260
  • Above all Hills. As when by night the Glass
  • Of Galileo, less assur’d, observes
  • Imagind Lands and Regions in the Moon:
  • Edition: current; Page: [(279)]
  • Or Pilot from amidst the Cyclades
  • Delos or Samos first appeering kenns
  • A cloudy spot. Down thither prone in flight
  • He speeds, and through the vast Ethereal Skie
  • Sailes between worlds & worlds, with steddie wing
  • Now on the polar windes, then with quick Fann
  • Winnows the buxom Air; till within soareoriginalEd: 270
  • Of Towring Eagles, to all the Fowles he seems
  • A Phœnix, gaz’d by all, as that sole Bird
  • When to enshrine his reliques in the Sun’s
  • Bright Temple, to Ægyptian Theb’s he flies.
  • At once on th’ Eastern cliff of Paradise
  • He lights, and to his proper shape returns
  • A Seraph wingd; six wings he wore, to shade
  • His lineaments Divine; the pair that clad
  • Each shoulder broad, came mantling o’re his brest
  • With regal Ornament; the middle pairoriginalEd: 280
  • Girt like a Starrie Zone his waste, and round
  • Skirted his loines and thighes with downie Gold
  • And colours dipt in Heav’n; the third his feet
  • Shaddowd from either heele with featherd maile
  • Skie-tinctur’d grain. Like Maia’s son he stood,
  • And shook his Plumes, that Heav’nly fragrance filld
  • The circuit wide. Strait knew him all the Bands
  • Of Angels under watch; and to his state,
  • And to his message high in honour rise;
  • For on som message high they guessd him bound.originalEd: 290
  • Thir glittering Tents he passd, and now is come
  • Into the blissful field, through Groves of Myrrhe,
  • And flouring Odours, Cassia, Nard, and Balme;
  • A Wilderness of sweets; for Nature here
  • Wantond as in her prime, and plaid at will
  • Her Virgin Fancies, pouring forth more sweet,
  • Wilde above rule or art; enormous bliss.
  • Him through the spicie Forrest onward com
  • Adam discernd, as in the dore he sat
  • Of his coole Bowre, while now the mounted SunoriginalEd: 300
  • Shot down direct his fervid Raies, to warme
  • Earths inmost womb, more warmth then Adam needs;
  • And Eve within, due at her hour prepar’d
  • For dinner savourie fruits, of taste to please
  • True appetite, and not disrelish thirst
  • Edition: current; Page: [(280)]
  • Of nectarous draughts between, from milkie stream,
  • Berrie or Grape: to whom thus Adam call’d.
  • Haste hither Eve, and worth thy sight behold
  • Eastward among those Trees, what glorious shape
  • Comes this way moving; seems another MornoriginalEd: 310
  • Ris’n on mid-noon; som great behest from Heav’n
  • To us perhaps he brings, and will voutsafe
  • This day to be our Guest. But goe with speed,
  • And what thy stores contain, bring forth and poure
  • Abundance, fit to honour and receive
  • Our Heav’nly stranger; well we may afford
  • Our givers thir own gifts, and large bestow
  • From large bestowd, where Nature multiplies
  • Her fertil growth, and by disburd’ning grows
  • More fruitful, which instructs us not to spare.originalEd: 320
  • To whom thus Eve. Adam, earths hallowd mould,
  • Of God inspir’d, small store will serve, where store,
  • All seasons, ripe for use hangs on the stalk;
  • Save what by frugal storing firmness gains
  • To nourish, and superfluous moist consumes:
  • But I will haste and from each bough and break,
  • Each Plant & juciest Gourd will pluck such choice
  • To entertain our Angel guest, as hee
  • Beholding shall confess that here on Earth
  • God hath dispenst his bounties as in Heav’n.originalEd: 330
  • So saying, with dispatchful looks in haste
  • She turns, on hospitable thoughts intent
  • What choice to chuse for delicacie best,
  • What order, so contriv’d as not to mix
  • Tastes, not well joynd, inelegant, but bring
  • Taste after taste upheld with kindliest change,
  • Bestirs her then, and from each tender stalk
  • Whatever Earth all-bearing Mother yeilds
  • In India East or West, or middle shoare
  • In Pontus or the Punic Coast, or whereoriginalEd: 340
  • Alcinous reign’d, fruit of all kindes, in coate,
  • Rough, or smooth rin’d, or bearded husk, or shell
  • She gathers, Tribute large, and on the board
  • Heaps with unsparing hand; for drink the Grape
  • She crushes, inoffensive moust, and meathes
  • From many a berrie, and from sweet kernels prest
  • She tempers dulcet creams, nor these to hold
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  • Wants her fit vessels pure, then strews the ground
  • With Rose and Odours from the shrub unfum’d.
  • Mean while our Primitive great Sire, to meetoriginalEd: 350
  • His god-like Guest, walks forth, without more train
  • Accompani’d then with his own compleat
  • Perfections, in himself was all his state,
  • More solemn then the tedious pomp that waits
  • On Princes, when thir rich Retinue long
  • Of Horses led, and Grooms besmeard with Gold
  • Dazles the croud, and sets them all agape.
  • Neerer his presence Adam though not awd,
  • Yet with submiss approach and reverence meek,
  • As to a superior Nature, bowing low,originalEd: 360
  • Thus said. Native of Heav’n, for other place
  • None can then Heav’n such glorious shape contain;
  • Since by descending from the Thrones above,
  • Those happie places thou hast deignd a while
  • To want, and honour these, voutsafe with us
  • Two onely, who yet by sov’ran gift possess
  • This spacious ground, in yonder shadie Bowre
  • To rest, and what the Garden choicest bears
  • To sit and taste, till this meridian heat
  • Be over, and the Sun more coole decline.originalEd: 370
  • Whom thus the Angelic Vertue answerd milde.
  • Adam, I therefore came, nor art thou such
  • Created, or such place hast here to dwell,
  • As may not oft invite, though Spirits of Heav’n
  • To visit thee; lead on then where thy Bowre
  • Oreshades; for these mid-hours, till Eevning rise
  • I have at will. So to the Silvan Lodge
  • They came, that like Pomona’s Arbour smil’d
  • With flourets deck’t and fragrant smells; but Eve
  • Undeckt, save with her self more lovely fairoriginalEd: 380
  • Then Wood-Nymph, or the fairest Goddess feign’d
  • Of three that in Mount Ida naked strove,
  • Stood to entertain her guest from Heav’n; no vaile
  • Shee needed, Vertue-proof, no thought infirme
  • Alterd her cheek. On whom the Angel Haile
  • Bestowd, the holy salutation us’d
  • Long after to blest Marie, second Eve.
  • Haile Mother of Mankind, whose fruitful Womb
  • Shall fill the World more numerous with thy Sons
  • Edition: current; Page: [(282)]
  • Then with these various fruits the Trees of GodoriginalEd: 390
  • Have heap’d this Table. Rais’d of grassie terf
  • Thir Table was, and mossie seats had round,
  • And on her ample Square from side to side
  • All Autumn pil’d, though Spring and Autumn here
  • Danc’d hand in hand. A while discourse they hold;
  • No fear lest Dinner coole; when thus began
  • Our Authour. Heav’nly stranger, please to taste
  • These bounties which our Nourisher, from whom
  • All perfet good unmeasur’d out, descends,
  • To us for food and for delight hath caus’doriginalEd: 400
  • The Earth to yeild; unsavourie food perhaps
  • To spiritual Natures; only this I know,
  • That one Celestial Father gives to all.
  • To whom the Angel. Therefore what he gives
  • (Whose praise be ever sung) to man in part
  • Spiritual, may of purest Spirits be found
  • No ingrateful food: and food alike those pure
  • Intelligential substances require
  • As doth your Rational; and both contain
  • Within them every lower facultieoriginalEd: 410
  • Of sense, whereby they hear, see, smell, touch, taste,
  • Tasting concoct, digest, assimilate,
  • And corporeal to incorporeal turn.
  • For know, whatever was created, needs
  • To be sustaind and fed; of Elements
  • The grosser feeds the purer, earth the sea,
  • Earth and the Sea feed Air, the Air those Fires
  • Ethereal, and as lowest first the Moon;
  • Whence in her visage round those spots, unpurg’d
  • Vapours not yet into her substance turn’d.originalEd: 420
  • Nor doth the Moon no nourishment exhale
  • From her moist Continent to higher Orbes.
  • The Sun that light imparts to all, receives
  • From all his alimental recompence
  • In humid exhalations, and at Even
  • Sups with the Ocean: though in Heav’n the Trees
  • Of life ambrosial frutage bear, and vines
  • Yeild Nectar, though from off the boughs each Morn
  • We brush mellifluous Dewes, and find the ground
  • Cover’d with pearly grain: yet God hath hereoriginalEd: 430
  • Varied his bounty so with new delights,
  • Edition: current; Page: [(283)]
  • As may compare with Heaven; and to taste
  • Think not I shall be nice. So down they sat,
  • And to thir viands fell, nor seemingly
  • The Angel, nor in mist, the common gloss
  • Of Theologians, but with keen dispatch
  • Of real hunger, and concoctive heate
  • To transubstantiate; what redounds, transpires
  • Through Spirits with ease; nor wonder; if by fire
  • Of sooty coal the Empiric AlchimistoriginalEd: 440
  • Can turn, or holds it possible to turn
  • Metals of drossiest Ore to perfet Gold
  • As from the Mine. Mean while at Table Eve
  • Ministerd naked, and thir flowing cups
  • With pleasant liquors crown’d: O innocence
  • Deserving Paradise! if ever, then,
  • Then had the Sons of God excuse to have bin
  • Enamour’d at that sight; but in those hearts
  • Love unlibidinous reign’d, nor jealousie
  • Was understood, the injur’d Lovers Hell.originalEd: 450
  • Thus when with meats & drinks they had suffic’d,
  • Not burd’nd Nature, sudden mind arose
  • In Adam, not to let th’ occasion pass
  • Given him by this great Conference to know
  • Of things above his World, and of thir being
  • Who dwell in Heav’n, whose excellence he saw
  • Transcend his own so farr, whose radiant forms
  • Divine effulgence, whose high Power so far
  • Exceeded human, and his wary speech
  • Thus to th’ Empyreal Minister he fram’d.originalEd: 460
  • Inhabitant with God, now know I well
  • Thy favour, in this honour done to man,
  • Under whose lowly roof thou hast voutsaf’t
  • To enter, and these earthly fruits to taste,
  • Food not of Angels, yet accepted so,
  • As that more willingly thou couldst not seem
  • At Heav’ns high feasts to have fed: yet what compare?
  • To whom the winged Hierarch repli’d.
  • O Adam, one Almightie is, from whom
  • All things proceed, and up to him return,originalEd: 470
  • If not deprav’d from good, created all
  • Such to perfection, one first matter all,
  • Indu’d with various forms, various degrees
  • Edition: current; Page: [(284)]
  • Of substance, and in things that live, of life;
  • But more refin’d, more spiritous, and pure,
  • As neerer to him plac’t or neerer tending
  • Each in thir several active Sphears assignd,
  • Till body up to spirit work, in bounds
  • Proportiond to each kind. So from the root
  • Springs lighter the green stalk, from thence the leavesoriginalEd: 480
  • More aerie, last the bright consummate floure
  • Spirits odorous breathes: flours and thir fruit
  • Mans nourishment, by gradual scale sublim’d
  • To vital Spirits aspire, to animal,
  • To intellectual, give both life and sense,
  • Fansie and understanding, whence the soule
  • Reason receives, and reason is her being,
  • Discursive, or Intuitive; discourse
  • Is oftest yours, the latter most is ours,
  • Differing but in degree, of kind the same.originalEd: 490
  • Wonder not then, what God for you saw good
  • If I refuse not, but convert, as you,
  • To proper substance; time may come when men
  • With Angels may participate, and find
  • No inconvenient Diet, nor too light Fare:
  • And from these corporal nutriments perhaps
  • Your bodies may at last turn all to Spirit,
  • Improv’d by tract of time, and wingd ascend
  • Ethereal, as wee, or may at choice
  • Here or in Heav’nly Paradises dwell;originalEd: 500
  • If ye be found obedient, and retain
  • Unalterably firm his love entire
  • Whose progenie you are. Mean while enjoy
  • Your fill what happiness this happie state
  • Can comprehend, incapable of more.
  • To whom the Patriarch of mankind repli’d.
  • O favourable spirit, propitious guest,
  • Well hast thou taught the way that might direct
  • Our knowledge, and the scale of Nature set
  • From center to circumference, whereonoriginalEd: 510
  • In contemplation of created things
  • By steps we may ascend to God. But say,
  • What meant that caution joind, if ye be found
  • Obedient? can wee want obedience then
  • To him, or possibly his love desert
  • Edition: current; Page: [(285)]
  • Who formd us from the dust, and plac’d us here
  • Full to the utmost measure of what bliss
  • Human desires can seek or apprehend?
  • To whom the Angel. Son of Heav’n and Earth,
  • Attend: That thou art happie, owe to God;originalEd: 520
  • That thou continu’st such, owe to thy self,
  • That is, to thy obedience; therein stand.
  • This was that caution giv’n thee; be advis’d.
  • God made thee perfet, not immutable;
  • And good he made thee, but to persevere
  • He left it in thy power, ordaind thy will
  • By nature free, not over-rul’d by Fate
  • Inextricable, or strict necessity;
  • Our voluntarie service he requires,
  • Not our necessitated, such with himoriginalEd: 530
  • Findes no acceptance, nor can find, for how
  • Can hearts, not free, be tri’d whether they serve
  • Willing or no, who will but what they must
  • By Destinie, and can no other choose?
  • My self and all th’ Angelic Host that stand
  • In sight of God enthron’d, our happie state
  • Hold, as you yours, while our obedience holds;
  • On other surety none; freely we serve.
  • Because wee freely love, as in our will
  • To love or not; in this we stand or fall:originalEd: 540
  • And som are fall’n, to disobedience fall’n,
  • And so from Heav’n to deepest Hell; O fall
  • From what high state of bliss into what woe!
  • To whom our great Progenitor. Thy words
  • Attentive, and with more delighted eare
  • Divine instructer, I have heard, then when
  • Cherubic Songs by night from neighbouring Hills
  • Aereal Music send: nor knew I not
  • To be both will and deed created free;
  • Yet that we never shall forget to loveoriginalEd: 550
  • Our maker, and obey him whose command
  • Single, is yet so just, my constant thoughts
  • Assur’d me and still assure: though what thou tellst
  • Hath past in Heav’n, som doubt within me move,
  • But more desire to hear, if thou consent,
  • The full relation, which must needs be strange,
  • Worthy of Sacred silence to be heard;
  • Edition: current; Page: [(286)]
  • And we have yet large day, for scarce the Sun
  • Hath finisht half his journey, and scarce begins
  • His other half in the great Zone of Heav’n.originalEd: 560
  • Thus Adam made request, and Raphael
  • After short pause assenting, thus began.
  • High matter thou injoinst me, O prime of men,
  • Sad task and hard, for how shall I relate
  • To human sense th’ invisible exploits
  • Of warring Spirits; how without remorse
  • The ruin of so many glorious once
  • And perfet while they stood; how last unfould
  • The secrets of another world, perhaps
  • Not lawful to reveal? yet for thy goodoriginalEd: 570
  • This is dispenc’t, and what surmounts the reach
  • Of human sense, I shall delineate so,
  • By lik’ning spiritual to corporal forms,
  • As may express them best, though what if Earth
  • Be but the shaddow of Heav’n, and things therein
  • Each to other like, more then on earth is thought?
  • As yet this world was not, and Chaos wilde
  • Reignd where these Heav’ns now rowl, where Earth now rests
  • Upon her Center pois’d, when on a day
  • (For Time, though in Eternitie, appli’doriginalEd: 580
  • To motion, measures all things durable
  • By present, past, and future) on such day
  • As Heav’ns great Year brings forth, th’ Empyreal Host
  • Of Angels by Imperial summons call’d,
  • Innumerable before th’ Almighties Throne
  • Forthwith from all the ends of Heav’n appeerd
  • Under thir Hierarchs in orders bright
  • Ten thousand thousand Ensignes high advanc’d,
  • Standards, and Gonfalons twixt Van and Reare
  • Streame in the Aire, and for distinction serveoriginalEd: 590
  • Of Hierarchies, of Orders, and Degrees;
  • Or in thir glittering Tissues bear imblaz’d
  • Holy Memorials, acts of Zeale and Love
  • Recorded eminent. Thus when in Orbes
  • Of circuit inexpressible they stood,
  • Orb within Orb, the Father infinite,
  • By whom in bliss imbosom’d sat the Son,
  • A midst as from a flaming Mount, whose top
  • Brightness had made invisible, thus spake.
  • Edition: current; Page: [(287)]
  • Hear all ye Angels, Progenie of Light,originalEd: 600
  • Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, Vertues, Powers,
  • Hear my Decree, which unrevok’t shall stand.
  • This day I have begot whom I declare
  • My onely Son, and on this holy Hill
  • Him have anointed, whom ye now behold
  • At my right hand; your Head I him appoint;
  • And by my Self have sworn to him shall bow
  • All knees in Heav’n, and shall confess him Lord:
  • Under his great Vice-gerent Reign abide
  • United as one individual SouleoriginalEd: 610
  • For ever happie: him who disobeyes
  • Mee disobeyes, breaks union, and that day
  • Cast out from God and blessed vision, falls
  • Into utter darkness, deep ingulft, his place
  • Ordaind without redemption, without end.
  • So spake th’ Omnipotent, and with his words
  • All seemd well pleas’d, all seem’d but were not all.
  • That day, as other solem dayes, they spent
  • In song and dance about the sacred Hill,
  • Mystical dance, which yonder starrie SpheareoriginalEd: 620
  • Of Planets and of fixt in all her Wheeles
  • Resemble