Lord Macaulay (1800-1859) takes on the witless Southey again, this time on the supposed benefits of public works undertaken by the government:
Can we find any such connexion in the case of a public work executed by a government? If it is useful, are the individuals who rule the country richer? If it is useless, are they poorer? A public man may be solicitous for his credit. But is not he likely to gain more credit by an useless display of ostentatious architecture in a great town than by the best road or the best canal in some remote province? The fame of public works is a much less certain test of their utility than the amount of toll collected at them. In a corrupt age, there will be direct embezzlement. In the purest age, there will be abundance of jobbing. Never were the statesmen of any country more sensitive to public opinion, and more spotless in pecuniary transactions, than those who have of late governed England. Yet we have only to look at the buildings recently erected in London for a proof of our rule. In a bad age, the fate of the public is to be robbed outright. In a good age, it is merely to have the dearest and the worst of every thing.
About this Quotation:
Lord Macaulay was a very witty reviewer and didn’t hesitate to bring out the knives when he thought an author was foolish or witless. One of the best examples of his reviewing style was his review of the poet Southey’s Colloquies in 1830. Macaulay took him to task for his poor understanding of economics and history. In a previous quote we saw how he ridiculed Southey’s claims that the working class was worse off in the 19th century than they had been in the middle ages. In this quote he skewers Southey for thinking that government public works increase the welfare of the ordinary citizen and taxpayers, when in reality all they do is increase the prestige of the politicians who organise them and fill the pocket books of the politicians themselves and their crony contractors.