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Gilbert-Urbain Guillaumin

1801 - 1864

Nationality:
French

Historical Period:
The 19th Century

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Gilbert-Urbain Guillaumin (1801-64) was a mid-19th century French classical liberal publisher who became active in liberal politics during the July Monarchy and made contact with a number of free market economists. Guillaumin helped found the Journal des économistes in 1841 and the following year the Société d’économie politique which became the main organization which brought like-minded classical liberals together for discussion and debate. One of his most lasting contributions to French political economy was his editing and publishing of the monumental Dictionnaire de l’Économie Politique (1852).

A more detailed biography: Gilbert-Urbain Guillaumin (1801-64) was a mid-19th century French classical liberal publisher who founded a publishing dynasty which lasted from 1835 to around 1910. Guillaumin was orphaned at the age of five and was brought up by his uncle. He came to Paris in 1819 and worked in a bookstore before eventually founding his own publishing firm in 1835. He became active in liberal politics during the July Monarchy after the revolution of 1830 and made contact with a number of free market economists. He became a publisher in 1835 in order to popularize and promote classical liberal economic ideas, and the firm of Guillaumin eventually became the major publishing house for classical liberal ideas in 19th century France. Guillaumin helped found the Journal des économistes in 1841 and the following year he helped found the Société d’économie politique which became the main organization which brought like-minded classical liberals together for discussion and debate. His firm published hundreds of books on economic issues, making its catalog a virtual who’s who of the liberal movement in France. Their 1866 catalog listed 166 separate book titles, not counting journals and other periodicals. For example, he published the works of Jean-Baptiste Say, Charles Dunoyer, Frédéric Bastiat, Gustave de Molinari and many others, including translations of works by Hugo Grotius, Adam Smith, Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, and Charles Darwin. After his death in 1864 the firm’s activities were continued by his oldest daughter Félicité, and after her death it was handed over to his youngest daughter Pauline. The firm of Guillaumin continued in one form or another from 1835 to 1910 when it was merged with the publisher Félix Alcan.

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