Online Library of Liberty

A collection of scholarly works about individual liberty and free markets. A project of Liberty Fund, Inc.

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441px sophocles pushkin

496 BCE - 406 BCE


Historical Period:
Ancient Greece


Perhaps the greatest of Athens’s playwrights Sophocles is known to have written at least 123 dramas, of which only 7 survive. His best-known work is Oedipus Rex. His works embrace the orthodoxy of the day by accepting the existence of a powerful divine force that is ultimately unknowable to man. This force, which runs the universe, has established a body of divine law that humans must follow if they are to avoid calamity. Through his characters, Sophocles explored serious questions about the nature of good and evil in the world and the role of free will.



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