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Matthew, Saint (1stC-)

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One of the Twelve Apostles, first of the three synoptic Gospels. Very little is known about his life, including the circumstances and dates of his birth and death. According to Matthew 9:9 and Mark 2:14, Matthew was working as a tax collector in Capernaum for the tetrarch of Galilee, Herod Antipas, when he was called by Jesus to follow him. His efforts to bring the teachings of Jesus Christ to the world centered on Judea and lands to the east. Unlike the apostle Paul, who focused his efforts on the Gentiles of the Greco-Roman world, Matthew worked primarily among the Jews, as indicated by the fact that the Gospel of Matthew was originally written in Hebrew. Matthew's Gospel is special in the emphasis it places on the New Covenant represented by Christ and its relationship to the old Covenant.

Bibliography

Works by the Author

Ballou, Robert A., Friedrich Spiegelberg, and Horace L. Friess, eds. The Bible of The World. New York: The Viking Press, 1939.

The Dartmouth Bible. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1950.

Bates, Ernest Sutherland, ed. The Bible. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1936.

The Holy Bible. New York: P. J. Kenedy & Sons, 1914.

Source

The biographical material about the author originally appeared on The Goodrich Room: Interactive Tour website.

Last modified April 10, 2014