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Legal History: A Selected Bibliography

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Source: John Maxcy Zane, The Story of Law, 2nd ed., Introduction by James M. Beck. New Foreword, Annotations, and Bibliographies by Charles J. Reid, Jr. (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund 1998).

Charles J. Reid, Jr., "Selected Bibliography on Legal History"

Contents of the Bibliography

General Works

Allen, Sir Carleton Kemp. Law in the Making. 7th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1964.

Bellomo, Manlio. The Common Legal Past of Europe, 1000–1800. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1995.

Berman, Harold J. Faith and Order: The Reconciliation of Law and Religion. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1993.

———. Law and Revolution: The Formation of the Western Legal Tradition. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1983.

Bryce, James Viscount. Studies in History and Jurisprudence. 2 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1901.

Cairns, Huntingdon. Legal Philosophy from Plato to Hegel. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1949.

Carter, James Coolidge. Law: Its Origin, Growth, and Function. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1907.

Coing, Helmut. Europäisches Privatrecht. 2 vols. Munich: C. H. Beck, 1985–89.

———, ed. Handbuch der Quellen und Literatur der neueren europäischen Privatrechtsgeschichte. 3 vols. Munich: C. H. Beck, 1973–88.

Dawson, John P. Oracles of the Law. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Law School, 1968.

Dias, R. M. W. A Bibliography of Jurisprudence. 3d ed. London: Butterworths, 1979.

Friedrich, Carl J. The Philosophy of Law in Historical Perspective. 2d ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1963.

Hattenhauer, Hans. Europäische Rechtsgeschichte. Heidelberg: C. F. Müller, 1992.

Kelly, J. M. A Short History of Western Legal Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Lee, Guy Carleton. Historical Jurisprudence: An Introduction to the Systematic Study of the Development of Law. London: Macmillan, 1900.

McIlwain, C. H. Constitutionalism: Ancient and Modern. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1947.

Morris, M. F. An Introduction to the History of the Development of Law. Washington, D.C.: John Byrne, 1911.

Pollock, Frederick. Essays in the Law. London: Macmillan, 1922.

Pound, Roscoe. Interpretations of Legal History. New York: Macmillan, 1923.

Robinson, O. F., T. D. Fergus, and W. M. Gordon. An Introduction to European Legal History. Abingdon: Professional Books, 1985.

Seagle, William. The History of Law. New York: Tudor Publishing, 1946.

Smith, Munroe. A General View of European Legal History and Other Papers. New York: Columbia University Press, 1927.

Van Caenegem, R. C. An Historical Introduction to Private Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

———. An Historical Introduction to Western Constitutional Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Wigmore, John Henry. A Kaleidoscope of Justice: Containing Authentic Accounts of Trial Scenes from All Times and Climes. Washington, D.C.: Washington Law Book, 1941.

———. A Panorama of the World’s Legal Systems. 3 vols. St. Paul: West Publishing, 1928.

Primitive Law

Diamond, A. S. The Evolution of Law and Order. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1973.

———. Primitive Law. 2d ed. London: Longmans, Green, 1950.

———. Primitive Law, Past and Present. London: Methuen, 1971.

Elias, Taslim Olawale. The Nature of African Customary Law. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1956.

Gluckman, Max. The Ideas in Barotse Jurisprudence. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965.

———. The Judicial Process Among the Barotse of Northern Rhodesia. 2d ed. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1967.

———. Politics, Law and Ritual in Tribal Society. Chicago: Aldine, 1965.

Hartland, E. Sidney. Primitive Law. London: J. and J. Harper, 1924.

Hocart, A. M. Kings and Councillors: An Essay in the Comparative Anatomy of Human Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970.

Hoebel, E. Adamson. The Law of Primitive Man: A Study in Comparative Legal Dynamics. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1954.

Howell, Paul Philip. A Manual of Nuer Law: Being an Account of Customary Law, Its Evolution, and Development in the Courts Established by the Sudan Government. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1954.

Kocourek, Albert, and John H. Wigmore, eds. Primitive and Ancient Legal Institutions. Boston: Little, Brown, 1915.

Krader, Lawrence, ed. Anthropology and Early Law. New York: Basic Books, 1967.

Llewellyn, Karl N., and E. Adamson Hoebel. The Cheyenne Way: Conflict and Case Law in Primitive Jurisprudence. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1941.

Maine, Henry Sumner. Ancient Law: Its Connection with the Early History of Society, and Its Relation to Modern Ideas. 1861. Reprint, Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1986.

———. Lectures on the Early History of Institutions: A Sequel to Ancient Law. 1875. Reprint, Buffalo: W. S. Hein, 1987.

Malinowski, Bronislaw. Crime and Custom in Savage Society. 1926. Reprint, Totowa, N.J.: Littlefield, Adams, 1982.

Pospisil, Leonard. Anthropology and Law: A Comparative Theory. New York: Harper and Row, 1971.

Reid, John Phillip. A Law of Blood: The Primitive Law of the Cherokee Nation. New York: New York University Press, 1970.

Ancient Near Eastern Law, Biblical Law, and Post-Biblical Jewish Law

Amram, David Werner. Leading Cases in the Bible. Philadelphia: Julius H. Greenstone, 1905.

Boecker, Hans Jochen. Law and the Administration of Justice in the Old Testament. Minneapolis: Augsburg Publishing House, 1980.

Carmichael, Calum M. Law and Narrative in the Bible: The Evidence of the Deuteronomic Laws and the Decalogue. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1985.

———. The Origins of Biblical Law: The Decalogues and the Book of the Covenant. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992.

Daube, David. Studies in Biblical Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1947.

Derrett, J. Duncan M. Law in the New Testament. London: Darton, Longman, and Todd, 1970.

Dorff, Elliot N., and Arthur Rosett. A Living Tree: The Roots and Growth of Jewish Law. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1988.

Driver, G. R., and John C. Mills. The Babylonian Laws. 2 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1952–55.

Elon, Menachem. Jewish Law: History, Sources, Principles. 4 vols. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1994.

Golding, Martin P., ed. Jewish Law and Legal Theory. New York: New York University Press, 1993.

Karo, Joseph ben Ephraim. Jewish Code of Jurisprudence: Talmudical Law Decisions, Civil, Criminal, and Social. 4th ed. Trans. J. L. Kadushin. 3 vols. New Rochelle, N.Y.: Jewish Jurisprudence, 1923.

Kent, Charles Foster. Israel’s Laws and Legal Precedents: From the Days of Moses to the Closing of the Legal Canon. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1907.

Maimonides, Moses. The Code of Maimonides. 14 vols. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1949–80. See also Isadore Twerski, Introduction to the Code of Maimonides (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1980).

Schreiber, Aaron M. Jewish Law and Decision-Making: A Study Through Time. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1979.

Skaist, Aaron Jacob. The Old Babylonian Loan Contract: Its History and Geography. Ramat Gan, Israel: Bar-Ilan University Press, 1994.

Watson, Alan. Jesus and the Jews: The Pharisaic Tradition in John. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1995.

———. Jesus and the Law. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1996.

———. The Trial of Jesus. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1995.

Classical Greek and Roman Law

Alexander, Michael C. Trials in the Late Roman Republic, 149 b.c. to 50 b.c. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990.

Bonner, Robert Johnson. Lawyers and Litigants in Ancient Athens: The Genesis of the Legal Profession. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1927.

Bonner, Robert Johnson, and Gertrude Smith. The Administration of Justice from Homer to Aristotle. 2 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1930.

Buckland, W. W. A Text-Book of Roman Law from Augustus to Justinian. 3d ed. Rev. Peter Stein. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1963.

Buckland, W. W., and Arnold D. McNair. Roman Law and Common Law: A Comparison in Outline. 2d ed. Rev. F. H. Lawson. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1965.

Cohen, Edward E. Ancient Athenian Maritime Courts. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973.

Corpus Juris Civilis. The collection of legal texts issued by the Emperor Justinian. The standard edition is the three-volume work edited by Theodor Mommsen, Paul Krueger, Rudolph Schoell, and Wilhelm Kroll, Corpus Juris Civilis (Berlin: Weidmann, 1904–11). The entire Corpus Juris Civilis has appeared in a translation by Samuel P. Scott, The Civil Law, 17 vols. (1932; reprint, New York: AMS Press, 1973). The Scott translation does, however, contain some serious deficiencies. A modern translation of the Digest has been produced under the general editorship of Alan Watson. See The Digest of Justinian, 4 vols. (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1985). For an early translation of the Institutes published in the United States, see The Institutes of Justinian, with Notes by Thomas Cooper (Philadelphia: P. Byrne, 1812). There is also a modern translation of the Institutes by Peter Birks and Grant McLeod. See Justinian’s Institutes (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1987).

Daube, David. Roman Law: Linguistic, Social and Philosophical Aspects. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1969.

Declareuil, J. Rome the Law-Giver. 1927. Reprint, Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1970.

Frier, Bruce W. A Casebook on the Roman Law of Delict. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1989.

———. Landlords and Tenants in Imperial Rome. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980.

———. The Rise of the Roman Jurists: Studies in Cicero’s Pro Caecina. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985.

Gagarin, Michael. Early Greek Law. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.

Garner, Richard. Law and Society in Classical Athens. London: Croom Helm, 1986.

Greenidge, A. H. J. A Handbook of Greek Constitutional History. London: Macmillan, 1896.

———. The Legal Procedures of Cicero’s Time. 1901. Reprint, South Hackensack, N.J.: Rothman Reprints, 1971.

Harrison, Alick Robin Walsham. The Law of Athens. 2 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1968–71.

Jolowicz, H. F. Roman Foundations of Modern Law. 1957. Reprint, Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1978.

Jones, John Walter. The Law and Legal Theory of the Greeks: An Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1956.

Kaser, Max.Das römische Privatrecht. 2 vols. Munich: C. H. Beck, 1971–75.

———. Römische Rechtsgeschichte. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, 1950.

———. Das römische Zivilprozessrecht. Munich: C. H. Beck, 1966.

Kelly, J.M. Roman Litigation. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1966.

Kunkel, Wolfgang. An Introduction to Roman Legal and Constitutional History. 2d ed. Trans. J. M. Kelly. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1966.

MacDowell, Douglas M. The Law in Classical Athens. London: Thames and Hudson, 1978.

Nicholas, Barry. An Introduction to Roman Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1962.

Pharr, Clyde. The Theodosian Code. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1952. This code is a compilation of the laws, or decrees, of Rome issued by the emperors from 313, when Constantine consolidated his power in the Western Empire, to 438, in the reign of Theodosius II.

Radin, Max. Handbook of Roman Law. St. Paul: West Publishing, 1927.

Schultz, Fritz. Classical Roman Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1951.

———. History of Roman Legal Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1946.

Treggiari, Susan. Roman Marriage: Iusti Coniuges from the Time of Cicero to the Time of Ulpian. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Watson, Alan. Law Making in the Later Roman Republic. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1974.

———. The Law of Obligations in the Later Roman Republic. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1965.

———. The Law of Persons in the Later Roman Republic. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1967.

———. The Law of Property in the Later Roman Republic. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1968.

———. The Law of Succession in the Later Roman Republic. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971.

———. Roman Private Law Around 200 b.c. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1971.

———. Rome of the Twelve Tables: Persons and Property. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1975.

———. The Spirit of Roman Law. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1995.

———. Studies in Roman Private Law. London: Hambledon Press, 1991.

Zulueta, Francis M. de, ed. The Institutes of Gaius. 2 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1946–53. The text was composed in the second century a.d. for Roman law students and was thought to be lost until its rediscovery in the early nineteenth century. This edition, intended for use by modern law students, provides both Latin text and facing English translation. The reader might also wish to consult the new translation by W. M. Gordon and O. F. Robinson, The Institutes of Gaius (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1988).

Early Medieval and Germanic Law of the Fifth Through Eleventh Centuries

Adams, Henry, ed. Essays in Anglo-Saxon Law. Boston: Little, Brown, 1905.

Attenborough, F. L., ed. and trans. The Laws of the Earliest English Kings. New York: Russell and Russell, 1963.

Bartlett, Robert. Trial by Fire and Water: The Medieval Judicial Ordeal. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Binchy, D. A. Celtic and Anglo-Saxon Kingship. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1970.

Davies, Wendy, and Paul Fouracre, eds. The Settlement of Disputes in Early Medieval Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Drew, Katherine Fischer, trans. The Burgundian Code. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1972.

———. The Laws of the Salian Franks. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1991.

———. The Lombard Laws. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1973.

Goebel, Julius, Jr. Felony and Misdemeanor: A Study in the History of Criminal Law. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1976.

Guterman, Simeon L. The Principle of the Personality of Law in the Germanic Kingdoms of Western Europe from the Fifth to the Eleventh Century. New York: P. Lang, 1990.

Kern, Fritz. Kingship and Law in the Middle Ages. 1948. Reprint, Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1985.

Levy, Ernst. West Roman Vulgar Law: The Law of Property. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Association, 1951.

Miller, William Ian. Bloodtaking and Peacemaking: Feud, Law, and Society in Saga Iceland. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.

Radding, Charles M. Origins of Medieval Jurisprudence: Pavia and Bologna, 850–1150. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1988.

Reynolds, Susan. Fiefs and Vassals: The Medieval Evidence Reinterpreted. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Turk, Milton Haight, ed. The Legal Code of Alfred the Great. Boston: Ginn, 1893.

Wallace-Hadrill, J. M. Early Germanic Kingship in England and on the Continent. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Canon and Civil Law of the Twelfth Through Fifteenth Centuries

Aquinas, Thomas. On Law, Morality, and Politics. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 1988.

Blythe, James M., Ideal Government and the Mixed Constitution in the Middle Ages. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992.

Brett, Annabel S. Liberty, Right, and Nature: Individual Rights in Later Scholastic Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Brundage, James A. Law, Sex, and Christian Society in Medieval Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

———. Medieval Canon Law. London: Longman, 1995.

Corpus Juris Canonici. Assembled in the early sixteenth century, this work collects the most important canon-law texts of the twelfth through fifteenth centuries, including Gratian’s Decretum, the Liber Extra of Pope Gregory IX, the Liber Sextus of Pope Boniface VIII, the decretal letters of Pope Clement V, the Extravagantes of Pope John XXII, and the Extravagantes communes. The leading edition of this collection is Emil Friedberg, Corpus Juris Canonici, 2 vols. (Leipzig: B. Tauchnitz, 1879). Most of the Corpus remains untranslated, but one should consult Augustine Thompson and James Gordley, trans., Gratian: The Treatise on Laws with the Ordinary Gloss (Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1993).

Feenstra, Robert. Droit romain au moyen âge (1100–1500). Brussels: Éditions de l’université de Bruxelles, 1979.

Gaudemet, Jean. Église et cité: Histoire du droit canonique. Paris: Monchrestien, 1994.

———. La formation du droit canonique médiéval. London: Variorum Reprints, 1980.

Helmholz, Richard H. The Spirit of Classical Canon Law. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1996.

Kantorowicz, Hermann Ulrich. Studies in the Glossators of the Roman Law: Newly Discovered Writings of the Twelfth Century. Aalen: Scientia Verlag, 1969.

Kuttner, Stephan. Gratian and the Schools of Canon Law, 1140–1234. London: Variorum Reprints, 1983.

———. The History of Ideas and Doctrines of Canon Law in the Middle Ages. 2d ed. Hampshire, U.K.: Variorum Reprints, 1992.

Le Bras, Gabriel, Charles Lefebvre, and Jacqueline Rambaud. L’âge classique (1140–1378): Sources et théorie du droit. Paris: Sirey, 1965.

Ourliac, Paul, and Henri Gilles. La période post-classique (1378–1500): La problématique de l’époque. Paris: Sirey, 1974.

Pennington, Kenneth. The Prince and the Law, 1200–1600: Sovereignty and Rights in the Western Legal Tradition. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.

Post, Gaines. Studies in Medieval Legal Thought: Public Law and the State, 1100–1322. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1964.

Savigny, Friedrich Karl von. Geschichte des Römischen Rechts im Mittelalter. 6 vols. Heidelberg: Mohr, 1815–31.

Tierney, Brian. Church Law and Constitutional Thought in the Middle Ages. London: Variorum Reprints, 1979.

———. The Crisis of Church and State, 1050–1300. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1964.

———. The Idea of Natural Rights: Studies on Natural Rights, Natural Law, and Church Law, 1150–1625. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1997.

———. Medieval Poor Law: A Sketch of Canonical Theory and Its Application in England. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1959.

———. Religion, Law and the Growth of Constitutional Thought, 1150–1650. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Ullmann, Walter. Jurisprudence in the Middle Ages: Collected Studies. London: Variorum Reprints, 1980.

———. Law and Politics in the Middle Ages: An Introduction to the Sources of Medieval Political Ideas. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1975.

———. The Medieval Idea of Law, as Represented by Lucas de Penna: A Study of Fourteenth-Century Legal Scholarship. London: Methuen, 1946.

Vinogradoff, Paul. Roman Law in Medieval Europe. 1909. Reprint, Holmes Beach, Fla.: Wm. W. Gaunt and Sons, 1994.

Zulueta, Francis de, and Peter Stein. The Teaching of Roman Law in England Around 1200. London: Selden Society, 1990.

Continental Law Since 1500

General

Bar, Ludwig von. A History of Continental Criminal Law. Boston: Little Brown, 1916.

Engelmann, Arthur. A History of Continental Civil Procedure. Boston: Little, Brown, 1927.

Esmein, Adhémar, A History of Continental Criminal Procedure: With Special Emphasis on France. 1882. Reprint, Boston: Little, Brown, 1913.

A General Survey of Events, Sources, Persons and Movements in Continental Legal History. Boston: Little, Brown, 1912.

Gierke, Otto von. Natural Law and the Theory of Society, 1500–1800. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1934.

Gorla, Gino. Diritto comparato e diritto comune europeo. Milan: A. Giuffrè, 1981.

Merryman, John Henry. The Civil Law Tradition: An Introduction to the Legal System of Western Europe and Latin America. 2d ed. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1985.

The Progress of Continental Law in the Nineteenth Century. Boston: Little, Brown, 1918.

Savigny, Friedrich Karl von. System des heutigen römischen Rechts. 9 vols. Aalen: Scientia Verlag, 1981.

Stein, Peter. The Character and Influence of the Roman Civil Law: Historical Essays. London: Hambledon Press, 1988.

Watson, Alan. The Making of the Civil Law. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981.

Zimmermann, Reinhard. The Law of Obligations: Roman Foundations of the Civilian Tradition. Capetown, South Africa: Juta, 1990.

Renaissance and Humanist Jurisprudence

Kisch, Guido. Erasmus und die Jurisprudenz seiner Zeit: Studien zum humanistischen Rechtsdenken. Basel: Helbing und Lichtenhahn, 1960.

———. Humanismus und Jurisprudenz: Der Kampf zwischen mos italicus und mos gallicus an der Universität Basel. Basel: Helbing und Lichtenhahn, 1955.

Maclean, Ian. Interpretation and Meaning in the Renaissance: The Case of Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Maffei, Domenico. Gli inizi dell’umanesimo giuridico. Milan: A. Giuffrè, 1956.

Piano Mortari, Vincenzo. Diritto, logica, metodo ne secolo XVI. Naples: Jovene, 1978.

Canon Law

Bernhard, Jean, Charles Lefebvre, and Francis Rapp. L’époque de la réforme et du concile de Trente. Paris: Éditions Cujas, 1989.

Epp, René, Charles Lefebvre, and René Metz. Le droit et les institutions de l’Église catholique latine de la fin du XVIIIe siècle à 1978: Sources, communauté, chrétienne, et hiérarchie. Paris: Éditions Cujas, 1981.

Noonan, John. Power to Dissolve: Lawyers and Marriages in the Courts of the Roman Curia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1972.

French Law

Brissaud, Jean. History of French Private Law. Boston: Little, Brown, 1912.

———. History of French Public Law. Boston: Little, Brown, 1915.

Olivier-Martin, François. Histoire du droit français des origines à la Révolution. Paris: Domat Montchrestien, 1948.

Ourliac, Paul, and J. de Malafosse. Histoire du droit privé. 3 vols. Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 1961.

Sagnac, Philippe. La legislation civile de la révolution Française (1789–1804): essai d’histoire sociale. Paris: Hachette, 1898.

Schwartz, Bernard, ed. The Code Napoléon and the Common-Law World. New York: New York University Press, 1956.

German Law

Allgemeines Landrecht für die preussischer Staaten von 1794. 2 vols. Frankfurt am Main: A. Metzner, 1970–73.

Gierke, Otto von. Das deutsche Genossenschaftsrecht. 4 vols. Berlin: Weidmannische Buchhandlung, 1869.

Huebner, Rodolf. A History of German Private Law. Boston: Little, Brown, 1918.

Stinzing, Roderich von. Geschichte der deutschen Rechtswissenschaft. 2 vols. Munich: R. Oldenbourg, 1880–84.

Stobbe, Otto. Geschichte der deutschen Rechtsquellen. 2 vols. 1860. Reprint, Aalen: Scientia Verlag, 1965.

Whitman, James Q. The Legacy of Roman Law in the German Romantic Era: Historical Vision and Legal Change. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990.

Wieacker, Franz. Privatrechtsgeschichte der Neuzeit: Unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der deutschen Entwicklung. 2 vols. 2d ed. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, 1967.

Italian Law

Calisse, Carlo. A History of Italian Law. Boston: Little, Brown, 1928.

Pertile, Antonio. Storia del diritto italiano dalla caduta dell’imperio romano codificazione. 2d ed. 6 vols. Turin: Unione tipografico-editrice, 1892–1902.

The Netherlands

Lee, R. W. An Introduction to Roman-Dutch Law. 4th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1946.

English Law Since 1066

Constitutional and Legal History

Adams, George Burton. Constitutional History of England. New York: Henry Holt, 1921.

———. The Origin of the English Constitution. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1912.

Adams, George Burton, and H. Morse Stephens. Select Documents of English Constitutional History. New York: Macmillan, 1924.

Ames, James Barr. Lectures on Legal History and Miscellaneous Legal Essays. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1913.

Anson, William R. The Law and Custom of the Constitution. 2 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1897.

Baker, John H. An Introduction to English Legal History. 3d ed. London: Butterworths, 1990.

———. The Legal Profession and the Common Law: Historical Essays. London: Hambledon Press, 1986.

———. The Order of Serjeants at Law. London: Selden Society, 1984.

———. The Third University of England: The Inns of Court and the Common-Law Tradition. London: Selden Society, 1990.

Beale, Joseph H. A Bibliography of Early English Law Books. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1926. See also Robert B. Anderson, A Supplement to Beale’s Bibliography of Early English Law Books (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1943).

Beattie, J. M. Crime and the Courts in England, 1660–1800. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986.

Blatcher, Marjorie. The Court of King’s Bench, 1450–1550: A Study in Self-Help. London: Athlone Press, 1978.

Bogdanor, Vernon. The Monarchy and the Constitution. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Brand, Paul. The Making of the Common Law. London: Hambledon Press, 1992.

Brooks, C. W. Pettyfoggers and Vipers of the Commonwealth: The “Lower Branch” of the Legal Profession in Early Modern England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Bryson, W. Hamilton. The Equity Side of the Exchequer: Its Jurisdiction, Administration, Procedures, and Records. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975.

Chrimes, S. B. English Constitutional Ideas in the Fifteenth Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1936.

Cowley, J. D. A Bibliography of Abridgements, Digests, Dictionaries, and Indexes of English Law to the Year 1800. Abingdon: Professional Books, 1979.

Elton, Geoffrey. Star Chamber Stories. London: Methuen, 1958.

Fifoot, C. H. S. History and Sources of the Common Law: Tort and Contract. London: Stevens, 1949.

Green, Thomas A. Verdict According to Conscience: Perspectives on the English Criminal Trial Jury, 1200–1800. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985.

Hallam, Henry. The Constitutional History of England. 3 vols. New York: A. C. Armstrong and Son, 1880.

Hanham, H. J. The Nineteenth Century Constitution: Documents and Commentary. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969.

Harding, Alan. The Law Courts of Medieval England. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1973.

———. A Social History of English Law. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1966.

Hastings, Margaret. The Court of Common Pleas in Fifteenth Century England: A Study of Legal Administration and Procedure. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1947.

Helmholz, Richard H. Canon Law and the Law of England. London: Hambledon Press, 1987.

Hogue, Arthur R. Origins of the Common Law. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1966; Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1986.

Holden, J. Milnes. The History of Negotiable Instruments in English Law. London: Athlone Press, 1955.

Holdsworth, William S. Charles Dickens as a Legal Historian. New York: Haskell House Publishers, 1972.

———. A History of English Law. 7th ed rev. 17 vols. London: Methuen, 1956–72.

———. Some Lessons from Our Legal History. New York: Macmillan, 1928.

———. Sources and Literature of English Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1925.

Holmes, Oliver Wendell. The Common Law. 1881. Reprint, Mark DeWolfe Howe, ed. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1963.

Holt, J. C. Magna Carta. 2d ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Hyams, Paul R. Kings, Lords, and Peasants in Medieval England: The Common Law of Villeinage in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980.

Jones, Gareth. History of the Law of Charity, 1532–1827. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969.

Jones, W. J. The Elizabethan Court of Chancery. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1967.

Keeton, George W. The Norman Conquest and the Common Law. London: Ernest Benn, 1966.

———. Shakespeare’s Legal and Political Background. London: Sir Isaac Pitman and Sons, 1967.

Keir, David Lindsay. The Constitutional History of Modern Britain. 6th ed. Princeton: D. Van Nostrand, 1960.

Langbein, John H. Prosecuting Crime in the Renaissance: England, Germany, France. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1974.

Lawson, F. H. The Oxford Law School, 1850–1965. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1968.

Lemmings, David. Gentlemen and Barristers: The Inns of Court and the English Bar, 1680–1730. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Lieberman, David. The Province of Legislation Determined: Legal Theory in Eighteenth-Century Britain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Lobban, Michael. The Common Law and English Jurisprudence, 1760–1850. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Lyon, Bryce. A Constitutional and Legal History of Medieval England. 2d ed. Toronto: George J. McLeod, 1980.

Maitland, Frederic W. Canon Law in the Church of England. London: Methuen, 1898.

———. The Constitutional History of England: A Course of Lectures Delivered. London: Cambridge University Press, 1908; Holmes Beach, Fla.: Gaunt, 1993. Maitland’s lectures for undergraduates, drawn mainly from Hallam, Stubbs, Dicey, and Anson.

———. English Law and the Renaissance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1901.

———. The Forms of Action at Common Law: A Course of Lectures. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1965.

Malden, Henry Elliot, ed. Magna Carta Commemoration Essays. London: Royal Historical Society, 1917.

May, Thomas Erskine. The Constitutional History of England Since the Accession of George III. 3 vols. London: Longmans, Green, 1912.

McKechnie, William Sharp. Magna Carta: A Commentary on the Great Charter of King John. 2d ed. Glasgow: James Maclehose and Sons, 1914.

Milsom, S. F. C. Historical Foundations of the Common Law. 2d ed. London: Butterworths, 1981.

———. The Legal Framework of English Feudalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976.

———. Studies in the History of the Common Law. London: Hambledon Press, 1985.

Nicholls, George. A History of the English Poor Law in Connection with the State of the Country and the Condition of the People. 2 vols. London: P. S. King, 1904.

O’Donnell, Bernard. The Old Bailey and Its Trials. London: Burke, 1950.

Palmer, Robert C. English Law in the Age of the Black Death, 1348–1381. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1993.

Plucknett, T. F. T. A Concise History of the Common Law. 5th ed. Boston: Little, Brown, 1956.

———. Early English Legal Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1958.

———. Studies in English Legal History. London: Hambledon Press, 1983.

Pocock, J. G. A. The Ancient Constitution and the Feudal Law: A Study of English Historical Thought in the Seventeenth Century. 2d ed., with a retrospective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Pollock, Frederick. The Expansion of the Common Law. London: Stevens, 1904.

———. The Genius of the Common Law. New York: Columbia University Press, 1912.

Pollock, Frederick, and Frederic W. Maitland. The History of English Law Before the Time of Edward I. 2d ed. 2 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968.

Pound, Roscoe. The Spirit of the Common Law. Boston: Marshall Jones, 1921.

Prest, Wilfred R. The Rise of the Barristers: A Social History of the English Bar, 1590–1640. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Radzinowicz, Leon. A History of English Criminal Law and Its Administration from 1750. 5 vols. London: Stevens, 1948–86.

Richardson, H. G., and G. O. Sayles. Laws and Legislation from Aethelbehrt to Magna Carta. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1966.

Robson, Robert. The Attorney in Eighteenth-Century England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1959.

Roxburgh, Ronald. The Origins of Lincoln’s Inn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1963.

Rubin, G. R., and David Sugarman, eds. Law, Economy, and Society, 1750–1914: Essays in the History of English Law. Abingdon: Professional Books, 1984.

Russell, Franklin Ferriss. Outline of Legal History. New York: Russell, 1929.

Sandoz, Ellis, ed. The Roots of Liberty: Magna Carta, Ancient Constitution, and the Anglo-American Tradition of Rule of Law. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1993.

Sainty, John. The Judges of England, 1272–1990. London: Selden Society, 1993.

Schwoerer, Lois G. The Declaration of Rights, 1689. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981.

Simpson, A. W. B. Cannibalism and the Common Law: The Story of the Tragic Last Voyage of the Mignonette and the Strange Legal Proceedings to Which It Gave Rise. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.

———. A History of the Common Law of Contract: The Rise of the Action of Assumpsit. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975.

———. A History of the Land Law. 2d ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.

———. Leading Cases in the Common Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.

———. Legal Theory and Legal History: Essays on the Common Law. London: Hambledon Press, 1987.

Slack, Paul. The English Poor Law, 1531–1782. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Squibb, G. D. Doctors’ Commons: A History of the College of Advocates and Doctors of Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977. Doctors’ Commons had its origins in a club for clerical lawyers but evolved in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries into a sort of Inn of Court for lay ecclesiastical and Admiralty lawyers. Squibb traces this institution’s history from the fifteenth century to its dissolution in the nineteenth. See also Daniel R. Coquillette, The Civilian Writers of Doctors’ Commons, London: Three Centuries of Juristic Innovation in Comparative, Commercial, and International Law (Berlin: Duncker and Humblot, 1988).

Stein, Peter. Legal Evolution: The Story of an Idea. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

Stenton, Doris M. English Justice Between the Norman Conquest and the Great Charter, 1066–1215. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1964.

Stephen, James Fitzjames. A History of the Criminal Law of England. 3 vols. London: Macmillan, 1883.

Stephenson, Carl, and Frederick G. Marcham, eds. and trans. Sources of English Constitutional History: A Selection of Documents from a.d. 600 to the Present. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1937.

Stubbs, William. The Constitutional History of England. 3d ed. 3 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1883–87.

———. Lectures on Early English Legal History. London: Longmans, Green, 1906.

———. William Stubbs on the English Constitution. Ed. Norman Cantor. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1966.

Tanner, J. R. English Constitutional Conflicts of the Seventeenth Century, 1603–1689. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1928.

Taswell-Langmead, Thomas Pitt. English Constitutional History. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1946.

Thorne, Samuel E. Essays in English Legal History. London: Hambledon Press, 1985.

Turner, Ralph V. The English Judiciary in the Age of Glanvill and Bracton, c. 1176–1239. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Usher, Roland G. The Rise and Fall of the High Commission. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1913.

Van Caenegem, Raoul. The Birth of the English Common Law. 2d ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

White, Albert B. The Making of the English Constitution, 449–1485. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1908.

Williams, E. N. The Eighteenth Century: 1688–1815: Documents and Commentary. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1960.

Winfield, Percy. The Chief Sources of English Legal History. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1925.

Treatises and Textbooks

Amos, Sir Maurice. The English Constitution. London: Longmans, Green, 1930.

Bagehot, Walter. The English Constitution. In Collected Works. 1867. Reprint, London: Oxford University Press, 1963.

Blackstone, William. Commentaries on the Laws of England. 4 vols. 1765–69. Reprint, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979.

Bracton, Henry de. On the Laws and Customs of England. Trans. Samuel E. Thorne. 4 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1968–77.

Brazier, Rodney. Constitutional Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Coke, Sir Edward. Institutes of the Laws of England. 4 vols. Buffalo: W. S. Hein, 1986.

De Lolme, Jean Louis. The Constitution of England. New York: Arno Press, 1979.

Dicey, Albert Venn. Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1982.

Fleta. Ed. and trans. H. G. Richardson and G. O. Sayles. 4 vols. London: Selden Society, 1955–72.

Fortescue, John. De Laudibus Legum Anglie. Ed. S. B. Chrimes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1942.

Glanvill. The Treatise on the Laws and Customs of England Commonly Called Glanvill. Ed. and trans. G. D. H. Hall. London: Thomas Nelson, 1965.

Hale, Matthew. The History of the Common Law of England. Ed. Charles M. Gray. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1971.

Hobbes, Thomas. A Dialogue Between a Philosopher and a Student of the Common Laws of England. Ed. Joseph Cropsey. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1971. See also William Holdsworth, ed., “Sir Matthew Hale on Hobbes: An Unpublished Manuscript” (Law Quarterly Review 37 [1921]: 274–303).

———. The Elements of Law, Natural and Politic. Ed. J. C. A. Gaskin. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Horne, Andrew. Mirror of Justices. Washington, D.C.: John Byrne, 1903.

Jennings, Ivor. Cabinet Government. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1959.

Kames, Henry Home, Lord. Elucidations Respecting the Common and Statute Law of Scotland. Edinburgh: W. Creech, 1777.

———. Essays on the Principles of Morality and Natural Religion. Edinburgh: R. Fleming, 1751.

———. Historical Law Tracts. 2 vols. Edinburgh: A. Millar, 1758.

———. Principles of Equity. Edinburgh: A. Kincaid and J. Bell, 1760.

Leges Henrici Primi. Ed. and trans. L. J. Downer. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1972.

Littleton, Thomas. Littleton’s Tenures. Trans. Eugene Wambaugh. Washington, D.C.: John Byrne, 1903.

Marshall, Geoffrey. Constitutional Conventions. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Radulphi de Hengham Summa. Ed. William Huse Dunham, Jr. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1932.

St. German, Christopher. Doctor and Student. Ed. T. F. T. Plucknett and J. L. Barton. London: Selden Society, 1974.

Selden, John. Ioannis Seldeni Ad Fletam dissertatio. Ed. David Ogg. Buffalo: W. S. Hein, 1980.

Smith, Adam. Lectures on Jurisprudence. Ed. R. L. Meek, D. D. Raphael, and Peter G. Stein. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978; Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1982.

Smith, S. A., and Rodney Brazier. Constitutional and Administrative Law. 6th ed. London: Penguin, 1989.

Smith, Thomas. De Republica Anglorum. Ed. Mary Dewar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Wade, E. C. S., and A. W. Bradley. Constitutional and Administrative Law. 11th ed. Ed. A. W. Bradley and K. D. Ewing. London: Longman, 1993.

Wood, Thomas. An Institute of the Laws of England. New York: Garland Publishing, 1979.

Wooddeson, Richard. Elements of Jurisprudence. Dublin: J. Moore, 1792.

———. Lectures on the Law of England. 2d ed. London: Richards, 1834.

———. A Systematical View of the Laws of England. 3 vols. London: T. Payne, 1792–93.

American Law

Constitutional and Legal History

Arnold, Morris S. Unequal Laws Unto a Savage Race: European Legal Traditions in Arkansas, 1686–1836. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1985.

Bancroft, George. History of the Formation of the Constitution of the United States of America. 2 vols. New York: D. Appleton, 1883.

Bauer, Elizabeth Kelley. Commentaries on the Constitution, 1790–1860. New York: Columbia University Press, 1952.

Beard, Charles A. An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States. 1913. Reprint, with an introduction by Forrest McDonald, New York: Free Press, 1986.

Berger, Raoul. Government by Judiciary. 2d ed. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1997.

Bickel, Alexander, and Benno C. Schmidt, Jr. The Judiciary and Responsible Government, 1910–1921. Vol. 9 of Oliver Wendell Holmes Devise History of the Supreme Court of the United States. New York: Macmillan, 1984.

Bloomfield, Maxwell H. American Lawyers in a Changing Society, 1776–1876. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1976.

Bodenhamer, David J., and James W. Ely, Jr. Ambivalent Legacy: A Legal History of the South. Jackson: University of Mississippi Press, 1984.

Bryson, W. Hamilton. A Bibliography of Virginia Legal History Before 1900. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1979.

———. Census of Law Books in Colonial Virginia. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1978.

———. The Virginia Law Reporters Before 1880. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1977.

Chitwood, Oliver P. Justice in Colonial Virginia. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1905.

Chroust, Anton-Hermann. The Rise of the Legal Profession in America. 2 vols. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1965.

Currie, David P. The Constitution in the Supreme Court: The First Hundred Years, 1789–1888. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985.

———. The Constitution in the Supreme Court: The Second Century, 1888–1986. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.

Curtis, George Ticknor. Constitutional History of the United States. 2 vols. New York: Harper and Bros., 1896.

Dillon, John Forrest. The Laws and Jurisprudence of England and America. Boston: Little, Brown, 1895.

Donahue, William A. The Politics of the American Civil Liberties Union. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Books, 1985.

Elliot, Jonathan, ed. The Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution. 5 vols. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1836.

Ellsworth, Frank L. Law on the Midway: The Founding of the University of Chicago Law School. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1977.

Fairman, Charles. Five Justices and the Electoral Commission of 1877. Supplement to vol. 7 of Oliver Wendell Holmes Devise History of the Supreme Court of the United States. New York: Macmillan, 1988.

———. Reconstruction and Reunion, 1864–1888, Part I and Part II. Vols. 6 and 7 of Oliver Wendell Holmes Devise History of the Supreme Court of the United States. New York: Macmillan, 1971, 1987.

Farrand, Max, ed. The Records of the Federal Convention of 1787. 4 vols. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1937. A supplemental fifth volume, edited by James Hutson, was published in 1987.

Fiss, Owen. Troubled Beginnings of the Modern State, 1888–1910. Vol. 8 of Oliver Wendell Holmes Devise History of the Supreme Court of the United States. New York: Macmillan, 1993.

Flaherty, David H., ed. Essays in the History of Early American Law. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1969.

Fleming, Donald, and Bernard Bailyn, eds. Law in American History. Perspectives in American History, vol. 6. Cambridge, Mass.: Charles Warren Center for Studies in American History, 1971.

Friedman, Lawrence M. A History of American Law. 2d ed. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1985.

Gilmore, Grant. The Ages of American Law. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1977.

Ginger, Ann Fagan, and Eugene M. Tobin, eds. The National Lawyers Guild: From Roosevelt Through Reagan. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1988.

Goebel, Julius, Jr. Antecedents and Beginnings to 1801. Vol. 1 of Oliver Wendell Holmes Devise History of the Supreme Court of the United States. New York: Macmillan, 1971.

Goebel, Julius, Jr., and Joseph H. Smith. The Law Practice of Alexander Hamilton. 5 vols. New York: Columbia University Press, 1964–81.

Goodrich, Herbert F., and Paul A. Wolkin. The Story of the American Law Institute, 1923–1961. St. Paul, Minn.: American Law Institute Publishers, 1961.

Haar, Charles M., ed. The Golden Age of American Law. New York: George Braziller, 1965.

Haines, Charles Grove. The Role of the Supreme Court in American Government and Politics, 1789–1835. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1944.

Haines, Charles Grove, and Foster Sherwood. The Role of the Supreme Court in American Government and Politics, 1835–1864. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1957.

Hall, Kermit. A Comprehensive Bibliography of American Constitutional and Legal History, 1896–1979. 5 vols. Millwood, N.Y.: Kraus International Publications, 1984.

Hamlin, Paul. Legal Education in Colonial New York. New York: New York University, 1939; New York: Da Capo Press, 1970.

Haskins, George Lee. Law and Authority in Early Massachusetts. New York: Macmillan, 1960.

Haskins, George Lee, and Herbert A. Johnson. Foundations of Power: John Marshall, 1801–1815. Vol. 2 of Oliver Wendell Holmes Devise History of the Supreme Court of the United States. New York: Macmillan, 1981.

A History of the School of Law, Columbia University. New York: Columbia University Press, 1955.

Holst, H. von. The Constitutional and Political History of the United States, 1750–1861. 8 vols. Chicago: Callaghan, 1889.

Horwitz, Morton J. The Transformation of American Law, 1780–1860. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1977.

———. The Transformation of American Law, 1870–1960: The Crisis of Legal Orthodoxy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Howard, A. E. Dick. The Road from Runnymede: Magna Carta and Constitutionalism in America. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1968.

Howe, Mark De Wolfe. The Garden and the Wilderness: Religion and Government in American Constitutional History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965.

Hurst, J. Willard. Law and Economic Growth: The Legal History of the Lumber Industry in Wisconsin, 1836–1915. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1964.

———. Law and Social Order in the United States. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1977.

———. Law and the Conditions of Freedom in the Nineteenth-Century United States. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1956.

———. The Legitimacy of the Business Corporation in the Law of the United States, 1780–1970. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1970.

Irons, Peter. The New Deal Lawyers. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1982.

Johnson, John W. American Legal Culture, 1908–1940. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1981.

Kalman, Laura. Legal Realism at Yale, 1927–1960. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1986.

———. The Strange Career of Legal Liberalism. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996.

Kammen, Michael. A Machine That Would Go of Itself: The Constitution in American Culture. New York: Knopf, 1986.

———. Sovereignty and Liberty: Constitutional Discourse in American Culture. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1988.

Kelly, Alfred H., Winfred A. Harbison, and Herman Belz. The American Constitution: Its Origins and Development. 7th ed. New York: W. W. Norton, 1991.

Kurland, Philip B., and Ralph Lerner, eds. The Founders’ Constitution. 5 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

Lutz, Donald S. Colonial Origins of the American Constitution: A Documentary History. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1998.

———. The Origins of American Constitutionalism. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1988.

Marcus, Maeva, and James R. Perry, eds. The Documentary History of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1789–1800. 5 vols. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985–94.

McDonald, Forrest. A Constitutional History of the United States. New York: Franklin Watts, 1982.

———. Novus Ordo Seclorum: The Intellectual Origins of the Constitution. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1985.

———. We the People: The Economic Origins of the Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1958.

McIlwain, C. H. Foundations of American Constitutionalism. New York: New York University Press, 1932.

McLaughlin, Andrew C. A Constitutional History of the United States. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1935.

———. The Foundations of American Constitutionalism. 1932. Reprint, Gloucester, Mass.: Peter Smith, 1972.

Miller, Charles A. The Supreme Court and the Uses of History. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1969.

Miller, Perry, ed. The Legal Mind in America: From Independence to the Civil War. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1962.

Morris, Richard B. Studies in the History of American Law: With Special Reference to the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. New York: Columbia University Press, 1930.

Nelson, William E. Americanization of the Common Law: The Impact of Legal Change on Massachusetts Society, 1760–1830. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1975.

———. Dispute and Conflict Resolution in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, 1725–1825. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1981.

Nelson, William E., and John Phillip Reid. The Literature of American Legal History. New York: Oceana, 1985.

Osgood, Russell K., ed. The History of the Law in Massachusetts: The Supreme Judicial Court, 1692–1992. Boston: Supreme Judicial Court Historical Society, 1992.

Pound, Roscoe. The Formative Era of American Law. Boston: Little, Brown, 1938.

———. The Lawyer from Antiquity to Modern Times: With Particular Reference to the Development of Bar Associations in the United States. St. Paul, Minn.: West Publishing, 1953.

Reid, John Phillip. Constitutional History of the American Revolution. 4 vols. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1983–91.

Ritchie, John. The First Hundred Years: A Short History of the School of Law of the University of Virginia for the Period 1826–1926. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1978.

Select Essays in Anglo-American Legal History. 3 vols. Boston: Little, Brown, 1907–9.

Sutherland, Arthur E. Constitutionalism in America. New York: Blaisdell Publishing, 1965.

———. The Law at Harvard: A History of Ideas and Men, 1817–1967. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1967.

Swindler, William. Court and Constitution in the Twentieth Century. 3 vols. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1969–74.

Swisher, Carl Brent. American Constitutional Development. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1954.

———. The Growth of Constitutional Power in the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1963.

———. The Taney Period, 1836–1864. Vol. 5 of Oliver Wendell Holmes Devise History of the Supreme Court of the United States. New York: Macmillan, 1974.

Thayer, James Bradley. Legal Essays. Boston: Boston Book, 1908.

Thorpe, Francis Newton. The Constitutional History of the United States, 1765–1895. 3 vols. Chicago: Callaghan, 1901.

Twiss, Benjamin. Lawyers and the Constitution. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1942.

Vile, M. J. C. Constitutionalism and the Separation of Powers. 2d ed. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1998.

Walker, Samuel. In Defense of American Liberties: A History of the ACLU. New York, Oxford University Press, 1990.

Warren, Charles. Congress, the Constitution, and the Supreme Court. Boston: Little, Brown, 1935.

———. A History of the American Bar. Boston: Little, Brown, 1911.

———. History of the Harvard Law School and of Early Legal Conditions in America. 3 vols. New York: Lewis Publishing, 1908.

———. The Making of the Constitution. Boston: Little, Brown, 1937.

———. The Supreme Court in United States History. 2 vols. Boston: Little, Brown, 1926.

White, G. Edward. Intervention and Detachment: Essays in Legal History and Jurisprudence. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

———. Patterns of American Legal Thought. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1978.

———. Tort Law in America: An Intellectual History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980.

White, G. Edward, with the aid of Gerald Gunther. The Marshall Court and Cultural Change. Vols. 3 and 4 of Oliver Wendell Holmes Devise History of the Supreme Court of the United States. New York: Macmillan, 1988.

Wiecek, William M. Liberty Under Law: The Supreme Court in American Life. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988.

Treatises and Textbooks

Baldwin, Henry. A General View of the Origin and Nature of the Constitution and Government of the United States. 1837. Reprint, New York: Da Capo Press, 1970.

Bledsoe, Albert Taylor. Is Jeff Davis a Traitor: Or Was Secession a Constitutional Right? Richmond, Va.: Hermitage Press, 1907.

Brownson, Orestes. The American Republic. New York: O’Shea, 1865.

Chipman, Nathaniel. Principles of Government: A Treatise on Free Institutions, Including the Constitution. Burlington, Vt.: Edward Smith, 1833.

Cooley, Thomas M. The General Principles of Constitutional Law in the United States of America. 3d ed. Boston: Little, Brown, 1898.

———. A Treatise on the Constitutional Limitations Which Rest upon the Legislative Power of the States of the American Union. Boston: Little, Brown, 1868.

———. A Treatise on the Law of Torts, or the Wrongs Which Arise Independent of Contract. Chicago: Callaghan, 1880.

Cooper, Thomas. Two Essays: 1. On the Foundation of Civil Government; 2. On the Constitution of the United States. Columbia, S.C.: Faust, 1826.

Corbin, Arthur L. Corbin on Contracts: A Comprehensive Treatise on the Rules of Contract Law. 7 vols. St. Paul: West Publishing, 1950–51.

Corwin, Edward S., et al., eds. The Constitution of the United States: Analysis and Interpretation. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1973 (and suppls.).

Dane, Nathan. A General Abridgement and Digest of American Law. 9 vols. Boston: Cummings, Hilliard, 1823–29.

Duer, William Alexander. A Course of Lectures on the Constitutional Jurisprudence of the United States. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1843.

DuPonceau, Peter. A Brief View of the Constitution of the United States. Philadelphia: E. G. Dorsey, 1834.

Gray, John Chipman. The Nature and Sources of the Law. New York: Columbia University Press, 1909.

Gunther, Gerald. Cases and Materials on Constitutional Law. 10th ed. Mineola, N.Y.: Foundation Press, 1980.

Hamilton, Alexander, John Jay and James Madison. The Federalist. New York: 1788, with numerous later editions.

Hoffman, David. A Course of Legal Study, Addressed to Students and the Profession Generally. 2d ed. 2 vols. in 1. Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait, 1846. Reprint, Buffalo: W. S. Hein, 1968.

———. Legal Outlines. Baltimore: J. Neal, 1836.

Jameson, John Alexander. A Treatise on Constitutional Conventions. Chicago: Callaghan, 1887.

Kent, James. Commentaries on American Law. 4 vols. 1826. Reprint, Buffalo: W. S. Hein, 1984.

Pomeroy, John Norton. An Introduction to the Constitutional Law of the United States. 5th ed., rev. and enl. Boston: Houghton, Osgood, 1880.

———. Remedies and Remedial Rights by Civil Action. Boston: Little, Brown, 1876.

Pritchett, C. Herman. The American Constitution. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1968.

Rawle, William. A View of the Constitution of the United States of America. Philadelphia: Philip Nicklin, 1829.

Stephens, Alexander H. A Constitutional View of the Late War Between the States. 2 vols. Philadelphia: National Publishing, 1868.

Story, Joseph. Commentaries on the Conflict of Laws, Foreign and Domestic. Boston: Little, Brown, 1834.

———. Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States. 3 vols. Boston: Hilliard, Gray, 1833.

———. Commentaries on Equity Jurisprudence. 2 vols. Boston: Little, Brown, 1836.

Taylor, John. Construction Construed, and Constitutions Vindicated. Richmond, Va.: Shepherd and Pollard, 1820.

———. An Inquiry into the Principles and Policy of the Government of the United States. Fredericksburg, Va.: Green and Cady, 1814.

———. New Views of the Constitution of the United States. Washington City: Way and Gideon, 1823.

Tribe, Lawrence H. American Constitutional Law. 2d ed. Mineola, N.Y.: Foundation Press, 1988.

Tucker, St. George. “View of the Constitution.” Appendix to Blackstone’s Commentaries: with Notes of Reference. . . . 5 vols. Philadelphia: Birch and Small, 1803.

Tucker, John Randolph. The Constitution of the United States: A Critical Discussion of Its Genesis, Development, and Interpretation. 2 vols. Chicago: Callaghan, 1899.

Upshur, Abel Parker. A Brief Enquiry into the Nature and Character of Our Federal Government: Being a Review of Judge Story’s “Commentaries on the Constitution.” Petersburg, Va.: Edmund and Julian Ruffin, 1840.

Wigmore, John Henry. The Principles of Judicial Proof. Boston: Little, Brown, 1913.

———. Treatise on the Anglo-American System of Evidence in Trials at Common Law. 10 vols. Boston: Little, Brown, 1940.

Williston, Samuel A. The Law Governing Sales of Goods at Common Law and Under the Uniform Sales Act. Rev. ed. 4 vols. New York: Baker, Voorhis, 1948.

———. A Treatise on the Law of Contracts. Rev. ed. 9 vols. New York: Baker, Voorhis, 1936–45.

Autobiographies and Biographies

General

Macdonnell, John, and Edward Manson. Great Jurists of the World. 1914. Reprint, South Hackensack, N.J.: Rothman Reprints, 1968.

Seagle, William. Men of Law: From Hammurabi to Holmes. New York: Macmillan, 1947.

Classical

Cicero: Robert N. Wilken. Eternal Lawyer: A Legal Biography of Cicero. New York: Macmillan, 1947; Franz Wieacker, Cicero als Advokat. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1965.

Gaius: Anthony M. Honoré. Gaius. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1962.

Justinian: John Barker. Justinian and the Later Roman Empire. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1966; John Moorhead. Justinian. London: Longman, 1994.

Tribonian: Anthony M. Honoré. Tribonian. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1978.

Ulpian: Anthony M. Honoré. Ulpian. Oxford University Press: 1982.

Medieval

General: J. A. Clarence Smith. Medieval Law Teachers and Writers. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, 1975.

Bartolus: C. N. S. Woolf. Bartolus of Sassoferrato: His Position in the History of Medieval Political Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1913; Joseph H. Beale, trans. Bartolus on the Conflict of Laws. Westport, Conn.: Hyperion Press, 1979.

Huguccio: Wolfgang P. Müller. Huguccio: The Life, Works, and Thought of a Twelfth-Century Jurist. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1994.

Innocent III: Jane E. Sayers. Innocent III: Leader of Europe, 1198–1216. London: Longmans, 1994; James M. Powell, ed. Innocent III: Vicar of Christ or Lord of the World? 2d, expanded ed. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1994.

Innocent IV: Alberto Melloni. Innocenzo IV: la concezione e l’esperienza della cristianità come regimen unius personae. Genoa: Marietti, 1990.

Humanist

General: Robert Feenstra. Seventeenth-Century Leyden Law Professors and Their Influence on the Development of the Civil Law: A Study of Bronchorst, Vinnius, and Voet. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing, 1975.

Cantiuncula, Claudius: Guido Kisch. Claudius Cantiuncula: Ein Basler Jurist und Humanist des 16. Jahrhundert. Basel: Helbing und Lichtenhahn, 1960.

Gentili, Alberico: Gesina H. J. van der Molen. Alberico Gentili and the Development of International Law: His Life, Work, and Times. 2d rev. ed. Leyden: A. W. Sijthoff, 1968.

Grotius, Hugo: Edward Dumbauld. The Life and Legal Writings of Hugo Grotius. Norman: University of Oklahoma, 1969; Charles S. Edwards. Hugo Grotius, the Miracle of Holland: A Study in Political and Legal Thought. Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1981; R. W. Lee. Hugo Grotius. London: H. Milford, 1930; and Hedley Bull, Benedict Kingsbury, and Adam Roberts, eds. Hugo Grotius and International Relations. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Zasius, Ulrich: Steven Rowan. Ulrich Zasius: A Jurist in the German Renaissance, 1461–1535. Frankfurt am Main: V. Klostermann, 1987; Joseph Neff. Udalricus Zasius: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Humanismus am Oberrhein. 2 vols. Freiburg: Lehmann, 1890–91.

English

General Biographical References

Campbell, John Lord. Lives of the Lord Chancellors and Keepers of the Great Seal of England. 8 vols. London: John Murray, 1846–69.

———. The Lives of the Chief Justices of England. 3 vols. London: John Murray, 1849–57.

Fifoot, C. H. S. Judge and Jurist in the Reign of Victoria. London: Stevens, 1959.

Holdsworth, William S. The Historians of Anglo-American Law. New York: Columbia University Press, 1928.

———. Some Makers of English Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1938.

Shientag, Bernard L. Moulders of Legal Thought. 1943. Reprint, Port Washington, N.Y.: Kennikat Press, 1968.

Simpson, A. W. B. Biographical Dictionary of the Common Law. London: Butterworths, 1984.

Biographies of Leading Figures

Bacon, Francis: Catherine Drinker Bowen. Francis Bacon: The Temper of a Man. Boston: Little, Brown, 1963; Daniel Coquillette. Francis Bacon. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1992.

Bentham, Jeremy: Gerald J. Postema. Bentham and the Common Law Tradition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Blackstone, William: David A. Lockmiller. Sir William Blackstone. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1938; Lewis C. Warden. The Life of Blackstone. Charlottesville, Va.: Michie Company, 1938; and Daniel J. Boorstin. The Mysterious Science of the Law. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1941.

Brougham, Lord: Robert Stewart. Henry Brougham, 1778–1868: His Public Career. London: Bodley Head, 1985.

Coke, Edward: Catherine Drinker Bowen. The Lion and the Throne: The Life and Times of Sir Edward Coke (1552–1634). Boston: Little, Brown, 1956; Walter Hastings Lyon. Edward Coke, Oracle of Law. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1929; Humphry W. Woolrych. The Life of the Right Honorable Sir Edward Coke Knt., Lord Chief Justice of the King’s Bench. London: J. and W. T. Clarke, 1826. Reprint, South Hackensack, N.J.: Rothman Reprints, 1972; James Stoner. Common Law and Liberal Theory: Coke, Hobbes, and the Origins of American Constitutionalism. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1992; and Steven D. White, Sir Edward Coke and “The Grievances of the Commonwealth,” 1621–1628. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1979.

Dicey, Albert Venn: Richard A. Cosgrove. The Rule of Law: Albert Venn Dicey, Victorian Jurist. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1980.

Eldon, Lord: Horace Twiss. The Public and Private Life of Lord Chancellor Eldon. 3 vols. London: John Murray, 1844.

Erskine, Thomas: Lloyd Paul Stryker, For the Defence: Thomas Erskine, the Most Enlightened Liberal of His Times, 1750–1823. New York: Doubleday, 1949.

Hale, Matthew: Edmund Heward. Matthew Hale. London: Robert Hale, 1972; Alan Cromartie, Sir Matthew Hale, 1609–1676: Law, Religion, and Natural Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995; and Gilbert Burnet, The Life and Death of Sir Matthew Hale, Knt. 1682. Reprint, South Hackensack, N.J.: Rothman Reprints, 1972.

Hardwicke, Lord: George Harris. The Life of Lord Chancellor Hardwicke: With Selections from His Correspondence, Diaries, and Speeches. 3 vols. London: E. Moxon, 1847.

Jeffreys, George: P. J. Helm. Jeffreys: A New Portrait of England’s Hanging Judge. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1966; H. B. Irving. The Life of Judge Jeffreys. London: William Heinemann, 1898.

Kebell, Thomas: E. W. Ives. The Common Lawyers of Pre-Reformation England: Thomas Kebell, a Case Study. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

Maine, Henry Sumner: Raymond Cocks. Sir Henry Maine: A Study in Victorian Jurisprudence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988; Alan Diamond, ed., The Victorian Achievement of Sir Henry Maine: A Centennial Reappraisal. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Maitland, Frederic William: Geoffrey Elton. F. W. Maitland. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985; C. H. S. Fifoot. Frederic William Maitland: A Life. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1971; James R. Cameron, Frederic William Maitland and the History of English Law. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1961; and H. A. L. Fisher. Frederic William Maitland, Downing Professor of the Laws of England: A Biographical Sketch. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1910.

Mansfield, Lord: C. H. S. Fifoot. Lord Mansfield. 1936. Reprint, Aalen: Scientia Verlag, 1977; James Oldham. The Mansfield Manuscripts and the Growth of English Law in the Eighteenth Century. 2 vols. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992.

More, Thomas: J. A. Guy. The Public Career of Sir Thomas More. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1980; Richard Marius. Thomas More: A Biography. New York: Knopf, 1984.

Plowden, Edmund: Geoffrey de C. Parmiter. Edmund Plowden: An Elizabethan Recusant Lawyer. Southampton, U.K.: Catholic Record Society, 1987.

Romilly, Samuel: Patrick Medd. Romilly: A Life of Sir Samuel Romilly, Lawyer and Reformer. London: Collins, 1968; G. C. Oakes. Sir Samuel Romilly, 1757–1818: “The Friend of the Oppressed.” London: George Allen and Unwin, 1935.

Selden, John: David Sandler Berkowitz, John Selden’s Formative Years: Politics and Society in Early Seventeenth-Century England. Washington, D.C.: Folger Shakespeare Library, 1988.

Staunton, Harvey de: George W. Keeton. Harvey the Hasty: A. Mediaeval Chief Justice. Chichester, England: Rose, 1978.

American

General Biographical References

Bryson, W. Hamilton. Legal Education in Virginia: A Biographical Approach, 1779–1979. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1982.

Friedman, Leon, and Fred L. Israel, eds. The Justices of the United States Supreme Court: Their Lives and Major Opinions. 5 vols. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1995.

Goodhart, Arthur L. Five Jewish Lawyers of the Common Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1949.

Lewis, William Draper, ed. Great American Lawyers. 8 vols. Philadelphia: John C. Winston, 1907–9.

Noonan, John T. Persons and Masks of the Law: Cardozo, Holmes, Jefferson, and Wythe as Makers of the Masks. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1976.

White, G. Edward. The American Judicial Tradition: Profiles of Leading American Judges. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Biographies of Leading Figures

Beck, James Montgomery: Morton Keller. In Defense of Yesterday: James M. Beck and the Politics of Conservatism, 1861–1936. New York: Coward-McCann, 1958.

Black, Hugo: Roger K. Newman. Hugo Black: A Biography. New York: Pantheon Books, 1994; Gerald T. Dunne. Hugo Black and the Judicial Revolution. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1977; Hugo Black, Jr. My Father, A Remembrance. New York: Random House, 1975; and Howard Ball. Hugo L. Black: Cold Steel Warrior. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Brandeis, Louis D.: Stephen W. Baskerville. Of Laws and Limitations: An Intellectual Portrait of Louis Dembitz Brandeis. London: Associated University Presses, 1994; Alpheus T. Mason. Brandeis: A Free Man’s Life. New York: Viking Press, 1946; Lewis J. Paper. Brandeis. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1983; and Philippa Strum. Louis D. Brandeis: Justice for the People. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1984.

Cardozo, Benjamin: Beryl Harold Levy. Cardozo and the Frontiers of Legal Thinking. Rev. ed. Cleveland: Press of Case Western Reserve University, 1969; George Sidney Hellman. Benjamin Cardozo, American Judge. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1940; and Richard A. Posner. Cardozo: A Study in Reputation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.

Chase, Salmon: Albert Bushnell Hart. Salmon Portland Chase. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1899; John Niven. Salmon P. Chase: A Biography. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995; and J. W. Schuckers. Life and Public Services of Salmon Portland Chase. New York: D. Appleton, 1874.

Chase, Samuel: James Haw, et al. Stormy Patriot: The Life of Samuel Chase. Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society, 1980.

Davis, John W.: William Henry Harbaugh. Lawyer’s Lawyer: The Life of John W. Davis. New York: Oxford University Press, 1973.

Doe, Charles: John Phillip Reid. Chief Justice: The Judicial World of Charles Doe. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1967.

Douglas, William O.: William O. Douglas. Go East Young Man: The Early Years. New York: Random House, 1974; William O. Douglas. The Court Years, 1939–1975. New York: Random House, 1980.

Ellsworth, Oliver: William Garrott Brown. The Life of Oliver Ellsworth. New York: Macmillan, 1905.

Field, David Dudley: Daun van Ee. David Dudley Field and the Reconstruction of the Law. New York: Garland Publishing, 1986; Henry M. Field. The Life of David Dudley Field. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1898.

Field, Stephen: Carl B. Swisher. Stephen J. Field: Craftsman of the Law. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1930.

Frank, Jerome: Robert Jerome Glennon. The Iconoclast as Reformer: Jerome Frank’s Impact on American Law. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1985; J. Mitchell Rosenberg. Jerome Frank; Jurist and Philosopher. New York: Philosophical Library, 1970.

Frankfurter, Felix: H. N. Hirsch. The Enigma of Felix Frankfurter. New York: Basic Books, 1981; Philip B. Kurland. Mr. Justice Frankfurter and the Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1971; and Liva Baker. Felix Frankfurter. New York: Coward-McCann, 1969.

Fuller, Lon L.: Robert S. Summers. Lon L. Fuller. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1984.

Fuller, Melville W.: Willard L. King. Melville Weston Fuller, Chief Justice of the United States, 1888–1910. New York: Macmillan, 1950; James W. Ely, Jr. The Chief Justiceship of Melville W. Fuller, 1888–1910. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1995.

Griswold, Erwin: Erwin Griswold. Ould Fields, New Corne: The Personal Memoirs of a Twentieth Century Lawyer. St. Paul, Minn.: West Publishing, 1992.

Hand, Learned: Gerald Gunther. Learned Hand: The Man and the Judge. New York: Knopf, 1994.

Harlan, John Marshall (elder): Tinsley E. Yarbrough. Judicial Enigma: The First Justice Harlan. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Harlan, John Marshall (younger): Tinsley E. Yarbrough. John Marshall Harlan: Great Dissenter of the Warren Court. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Holmes, Oliver Wendell: G. Edward White. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes: Law and the Inner Self. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993; Liva Baker. The Justice from Beacon Hill: The Life and Times of Oliver Wendell Holmes. New York: HarperCollins, 1991; Sheldon M. Novick. Honorable Justice: The Life of Oliver Wendell Holmes. Boston: Little, Brown, 1989; Mark De Wolfe Howe. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1957; Catherine Drinker Bowen. Yankee from Olympus: Justice Holmes and His Family. Boston: Little, Brown, 1944; David Rosenberg, The Hidden Holmes: His Theory of Torts in History. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995; H. L. Pohlman, Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes and Utilitarian Jurisprudence. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1984; Benjamin Kaplan, Patrick Atiyah, and Jan Vetter. Holmes and the Common Law: A Century Later: Three Lectures. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1983; James Willard Hurst. Justice Holmes on Legal History. New York: Macmillan, 1964; and Felix Frankfurter. Mr. Justice Holmes and the Supreme Court. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1938.

Hughes, Charles Evans: Merlo J. Pusey. Charles Evans Hughes. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1951; Samuel Hendel. Charles Evans Hughes and the Supreme Court. New York: King’s Crown Press, 1951.

Johnson, William: Donald G. Morgan. Justice William Johnson, the First Dissenter: The Career and Constitutional Philosophy of a Jeffersonian Judge. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1954.

Llewyllyn, Karl: William Twining. Karl Llewyllyn and the Realist Movement. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1973.

Marshall, John: Albert J. Beveridge. The Life of John Marshall. 4 vols. Boston: Little, Brown, 1919; Leonard Baker, John Marshall: A Life in Law. New York: Macmillan, 1974; Charles F. Hobson. The Great Chief Justice: John Marshall and the Rule of Law. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1996; Jean Edward Smith. John Marshall: Definer of a Nation. New York: Henry Holt, 1996; Frances Howell Rudko. John Marshall and International Law: Statesman and Chief Justice. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1991; William Finley Swindler. The Constitution and Chief Justice Marshall. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1978; Gerald Gunther, ed. John Marshall’s Defense of McCulloch v. Maryland. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1969; Robert K. Faulkner, The Jurisprudence of John Marshall. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968; James Bradley Thayer, Oliver Wendell Holmes, and Felix Frankfurter on John Marshall, with a Contribution by Mark De Wolfe Howe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1967; Benjamin Munn Ziegler. The International Law of John Marshall: A Study of First Principles. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1939; and Edward S. Corwin. John Marshall and the Constitution: A Chronicle of the Supreme Court. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1921.

Marshall, Thurgood: Michael D. Davis and Hunter R. Clark. Thurgood Marshall: Warrior at the Bar, Rebel on the Bench. New York: Birch Lane Press, 1992; Roger Goldman with David Gallen. Thurgood Marshall: Justice for All. New York: Carroll and Graf Publishers, 1992.

Miller, Samuel Freeman: Charles Fairman. Mr. Justice Miller and the Supreme Court, 1862–1890. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1939.

Murphy, Frank: J. Woodford Howard. Mr. Justice Murphy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968.

Parsons, Theophilus: Theophilus Parsons, Jr. Memoir of Chief Justice Parsons. Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1859.

Paterson, William: John E. O’Connor. William Paterson: Lawyer and Statesman, 1745–1806. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1979.

Pinkney, William: Robert M. Ireland. The Legal Career of William Pinkney, 1764–1822. London: Garland Publishing, 1986.

Pound, Roscoe: Edward B. McLean. Law and Civilization: The Legal Thought of Roscoe Pound. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1992.

Powell, Lewis F.: John Calvin Jeffries. Justice Lewis F. Powell, Jr. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1994.

Roane, Spencer: Margaret E. Horsnell. Spencer Roane: Judicial Advocate of Jeffersonian Principles. New York: Garland Publishing, 1986.

Root, Elihu: Philip C. Jessup, Elihu Root. 2 vols. 1938. Reprint, Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, 1964.

Shaw, Lemuel: Leonard W. Levy. The Law of the Commonwealth and Chief Justice Shaw. New York: Oxford University Press, 1957; Frederick Hathaway Chase. Lemuel Shaw: Chief Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts, 1830–1860. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1918.

Stone, Harlan Fiske: Alpheus T. Mason. Harlan Fiske Stone: Pillar of the Law. New York: Viking Press, 1953; Samuel J. Konefsky. Chief Justice Stone and the Supreme Court. New York: Macmillan, 1946.

Story, Joseph: R. Kent Newmyer. Supreme Court Justice Joseph Story: Statesman of the Old Republic. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1985; James McClellan. Joseph Story and the American Constitution: A Study in Political and Legal Thought. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1971; and Gerald T. Dunne. Justice Joseph Story and the Rise of the Supreme Court. New York: Knopf, 1970.

Sutherland, George: John Francis Paschal. Mr. Justice Sutherland: A Man Against the State. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1951; Hadley Arkes. The Return of George Sutherland: Restoring a Jurisprudence of Natural Rights. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994.

Taft, William Howard: Alpheus T. Mason. William Howard Taft: Chief Justice. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1964.

Taney, Roger: Carl B. Swisher. Roger B. Taney. New York: Macmillan, 1935.

Tucker, St. George: Charles T. Cullen. St. George Tucker and Law in Virginia, 1772–1804. New York: Garland Publishing, 1987.

Waite, Morrison: C. Peter Magrath. Morrison R. Waite: The Triumph of Character. New York: Macmillan, 1963; Bruce R. Trimble. Chief Justice Waite: Defender of the Public Interest. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1938.

Warren, Earl: Bernard Schwartz. Superchief, Earl Warren and His Supreme Court: A Judicial Biography. New York: New York University Press, 1983; G. Edward White. Earl Warren, a Public Life. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982; and Earl Warren. The Memoirs of Earl Warren. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1977.

Webster, Daniel: Maurice G. Baxter. Daniel Webster and the Supreme Court. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1966.

White, Edward Douglass: Robert B. Highsaw. Edward Douglass White: Defender of the Conservative Faith. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1981.

Wigmore, John Henry: William R. Roalfe. John Henry Wigmore: Scholar and Reformer. Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press, 1977.

Williston, Samuel. Life and Law: An Autobiography. Boston: Little, Brown, 1940.

Wilson, James: Page Smith. James Wilson, Founding Father, 1742–1798. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1956; Robert Green McCloskey, ed. The Works of James Wilson. 2 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1967.

Wythe, George: Robert B. Kirtland. George Wythe: Lawyer, Revolutionary, Judge. New York: Garland Publishing, 1986; Alonzo Thomas Dill. George Wythe: Teacher of Liberty. Williamsburg: Virginia Independence Bicentennial Commission, 1979.

Law of Nations

Treatises

Ayala, Balthazar. De Jure et Officiis et Disciplina Militari. Ed. John Westlake. Trans. John Pawley Bate. 2 vols. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for World Peace, 1912.

Belch, Stanislaus. Paulus Vladimiri and His Doctrine Concerning International Law and Politics. 2 vols. The Hague: Mouton, 1965.

Brierly, J. L. Law of Nations. 4th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1949.

Burlamaqui, Jean Jacques. The Principles of Natural and Politic Law. 7th ed. Trans. Thomas Nugent. 2 vols. Philadelphia: P. H. Nicklin and T. Johnson, 1832.

Bynkershoek, Cornelius. De Domino Maris Dissertatio. Trans. Ralph van Deman Magoffin. New York: Oxford University Press, 1923. Reprint, Buffalo: William S. Hein, 1995.

Falk, Richard A. The Role of Domestic Courts in the International Legal Order. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1964.

———. The Status of Law in International Society. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1970.

Gentili, Alberico. Hispanicae Advocationis Libri Duo. Ed. and trans. Frank Frost Abbott. 2 vols. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for World Peace, 1921.

———. De Jure Belli Libri Tres. Ed. and trans. John C. Rolfe. 2 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1933.

———. De Legationibus Libri Tres. Trans. Gordon J. Laing. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for World Peace, 1924.

Grotius, Hugo. The Rights of War and Peace (De Jure Belli ac Pacis Libri Tres). Trans. Francis W. Kelsey. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1925. Reprint (2 vols. in 1), Buffalo: William S. Hein, 1995.

Hall, William E. International Law. 8th ed. Ed. Pierce Higgins. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1880; Aalen: Scientia Verlag, 1979.

Holland, Thomas Erskine. Studies in International Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1898.

Jessup, Philip C. The Birth of Nations. New York: Columbia University Press, 1974.

———. A Modern Law of Nations: An Introduction. 1948. Reprint, Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, 1968.

———. Neutrality: Its History, Economics, and Law. 4 vols. New York: Columbia University Press, 1935–36.

———. Transnational Law. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1956.

———. The Use of International Law: Five Lectures. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1958.

Kelsen, Hans. Principles of International Law. 2d ed. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1966.

Legnano, Giovanni da. Tractatus De Bello, De Represaliis et De Duello. Ed. and trans. Thomas Erskine Holland. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1917.

McDougal, Myres S., Harold D. Lasswell, and James C. Miller. The Interpretation of Agreements and World Public Order. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1967.

Pufendorf, Samuel. Elementorum Jurisprudentiae Universalis Libri Duo. Trans. William Abbott Oldfather. 2 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1931.

———. De jure naturae et gentium. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1934.

———. De Officio Hominis et Civis Libri Duo. Trans. Frank Gardner Moore. 2 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1927.

Rutherforth, Thomas. Institutes of Natural Law: Being the Substance of a Course of Lectures on Grotius’s “De Jure Belli et Pacis.” 2d American ed. Baltimore: William and Joseph Neal, 1832.

Savigny, Friedrich Karl von. A Treatise on the Conflict of Laws. Trans. William Guthrie. Edinburgh: T. and T. Clarke, 1880.

Suárez, Francisco. Selections from Three Works of Francisco Suárez, S.J. Trans. Gwladys Williams, Ammi Brown, and John Waldron. 2 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1944.

Vattel, Emmerich de. The Law of Nations; or Principles of the Law of Nature. 5th American ed. Ed. Joseph Chitty. Philadelphia: T. and J. W. Johnson, 1839.

Vitoria, Francisco de. De indis et de iure belli relectiones. Ed. Ernest Nys. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for World Peace, 1916.

———. Political Writings. Ed. and trans. Anthony Pagden and Jeremy Lawrance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Wheaton, Henry. Elements of International Law. 6th ed. Ed. William Beach Lawrence. Boston: Little, Brown, 1855.

Wolff, Christian. Jus Gentium Methodo Scientifica Pertractatum. Trans. Joseph H. Drake. 2 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1934.

Wright, Quincy. International Law and the United Nations. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1976.

History of the Law of Nations

Butler, Geoffrey, and Simon Maccoby. The Development of International Law. London: Longmans, Green, 1928.

Kaltenborn, Carl von. Die Vorläufer des Hugo Grotius auf dem Gebiete des Ius naturae et gentium sowie der Politik im Reformationszeitalter. Leipzig: Mayer, 1848.

Nussbaum, Arthur. A Concise History of the Law of Nations. Rev. ed. New York: Macmillan, 1954.

Russell, Frederick H. The Just War in the Middle Ages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975.

Vanderpol, Alfred. La doctrine scolastique du droit de guerre. Paris: A. Pedone, 1919.

Verzijl, J. H. W. International Law in Historical Perspective. 11 vols. Leyden and Dordrecht: A. W. Sijthoff (vols. 1–10); Martinus Nijhoff (vol. 11), 1968–92.

Treatises and Casebooks on Legal History

Berman, Harold J., William Greiner, and Samir N. Saliba. The Nature and Functions of Law. 5th ed. Westbury, N.Y.: Foundation Press, 1996.

Goebel, Julius, Jr. Cases and Materials on the Development of Legal Institutions. Brattleboro, Vt.: Vermont Printing, 1946.

Hall, Kermit, William Wiecek, and Paul Finkelman, eds. American Legal History: Cases and Materials. 2d ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Howe, Mark De Wolfe, ed. Readings in American Legal History. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1949.

Kimball, Spencer L., ed. Historical Introduction to the Legal System. St. Paul, Minn.: West Publishing, 1966.

Merryman, John Henry, David S. Clark, and John O. Haley, eds. The Civil Law Tradition: Europe, Latin America, and East Asia. Charlottesville, Va.: Michie, 1994.

Plucknett, T. F. T., and Roscoe Pound, eds. Readings on the History and System of the Common Law. 3d ed. Holmes Beach, Fla.: William W. Gaunt and Sons, 1993.

Presser, Stephen B., and Jamil S. Zainaldin, eds. Law and Jurisprudence in American History: Cases and Materials. St. Paul, Minn.: West Publishing, 1989.

Radin, Max. Handbook of Anglo-American Legal History. 1936. Reprint, Holmes Beach, Fla.: William W. Gaunt, 1993.

Smith, Joseph H., ed. Cases and Materials on the Development of Legal Institutions. St. Paul, Minn.: West Publishing, 1965.

von Mehren, Arthur Taylor, and James Russell Gordley, eds. The Civil Law System: An Introduction to the Comparative Study of Law. 2d ed. Boston: Little, Brown, 1977.

 

Last modified April 13, 2016