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One of the Twelve Apostles,
Matthew is traditionally considered the author of the first of the three synoptic
Gospels. Very little is known about his life, including the circumstances and
dates of his birth and death. According to Matthew 9:9 and Mark 2:14, Matthew
was working as a tax collector in Capernaum for the tetrarch of Galilee, Herod
Antipas, when he was called by Jesus to follow him. His efforts to bring the
teachings of Jesus Christ to the world centered on Judea and lands to the east.
Unlike the apostle Paul, who focused his efforts on the Gentiles of the Greco-Roman
world, Matthew worked primarily among the Jews, as indicated by the fact that
the Gospel of Matthew was originally written in Hebrew. Matthew's Gospel is
special in the emphasis it places on the New Covenant represented by Christ
and its relationship to the old Covenant.
Works by the Author
Ballou, Robert A., Friedrich Spiegelberg, and Horace L. Friess, eds. The
Bible of The World. New York: The Viking Press, 1939.
The Dartmouth Bible. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1950.
Bates, Ernest Sutherland, ed. The Bible. New York: Simon and Schuster,
The Holy Bible. New York: P. J. Kenedy & Sons, 1914.
The biographical material about the author originally appeared on The
Goodrich Room: Interactive Tour website.