New OLL Titles for 2013-14
Our plan is to expand our collection of books on 19th Century British Classical
Liberal thought, especially works by the Philosophic Radicals and the Free
Traders who contributed to The
Economist magazine. Both groups were crucial in the development of classical
liberal political and economic theory in the first half of the 19th century
and both groups could claim that their ideas were instrumental in bringing
about liberal reforms: the Philosophic Radicals were behind the political reforms
which lead to the First Reform Act of 1832 which expanded the right to vote
to the middle class for the first time, and the Free Traders were behind the
repeal of the Corn Laws in 1846 which began a 70 year period of free trade
The OLL already has works by Jeremy Bentham, James Mill, David Ricardo, John
Stuart Mill, and Richard Cobden, but this is not complete (for example James
Mill’s political writings are not well represented) and there are other important
figures whose work is not represented at all (William Cobbett, John Thelwall,
John Wade, John Roebuck, and George Grote). It is alsoplanned that a representative
sample of essays and reviews published in the leading free trade magazine of
the period, The Economist, be added. The focus will be on the period
of agitation for the repeal of the Corn Laws (1846), its implementation (1846-49),
and aftermath when Thomas Hodgskin and Herbert Spencer worked for the magazine
under the editorship of James Wilson (1844-57).
These titles will enrich the OLL collection by adding significant
works which lay behind the important liberal political, legal, and economic
reforms which made the 19th century the heyday of classical liberalism.
The following individual books (27 vols.) will added over the course of the
William Cobbett (1763-1835)
- William Cobbett, Paper against Gold and Glory against Prosperity. 2 vols. (London: J. McCreery, 1815).
- William Cobbett, Selections from Cobbett's Political Works: being a complete abridgement of the 100 volumes which comprise the writings of "Porcupine" and the "Weekly political register." With notes, historical and explanatory. By John M. Cobbett and James P. Cobbett. (London, Ann Cobbett, 1835). 6 vols.
John Thelwall (1764-1834)
- John Thelwall, The Rights of Nature against the Usurpations of Establishments. A Series of Letters to the People of Britain, on the State of Public Affairs, and the Recent Effusions of the Right Honourable E. Burke. (London: M.D. Symonds, 1796).
- John Thelwall, Sober Reflections on the Seditious and Inflammatory Letter of the Right Honourable E. Burke to a Noble Lord. Addressed to the serious consideration of his Fellow Citizens (London: H.D. Symonds, 1796).
- John Thelwall, The Tribune, a Periodical Publication, consisting chiefly of the Political Lectures of John Thelwall. (London: D.I. Eaton, 1795). 2 vols.
Francis Place (1771-1854)
- Francis Place, Illustrations and proofs of the principle of population: Including an Examination of the Proposed remedies of Mr. Malthus, and a Reply to the Objections of Mr. Godwin and Others (London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1822).
- Francis Place, Improvement of the Working People. Drunkenness. Education. (London: Charles Fox, 1834).
John Wade (1788-1875)
- John Wade, The Black Book: An Exposition of Abuses in Church and State, Courts of Law, Municipal Corporations, and Public Companies (1835).
John Ramsay McCulloch (1789-1864)
- J.R. McCulloch, A Discourse on the Rise, Progress, Peculiar Objects, and Importance, of Political Economy: Containing an Outline of a Course of Lectures on the principles and Doctrines of that Science (Edinburgh: Archibald Constable and Co., 1824).
- J.R. McCulloch, A Treatise on the Circumstances which determine the Rate of Wages and the Condition of the Working Classes, including an Inquiry into the Influence of Combinations. Second edition, corrected and improved. (London: Routledge & Co., 1854).
- J.R. McCulloch, A Treatise on Metallic and Paper Money and Banks. Written for the Encyclopaedia Britannica (Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, 1858).
- J.R. McCulloch, The Principles of Political Economy, with some Inquiries respecting their Application (Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, 1864). 5th corrected and greatly improved edition.
Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822)
- Percy Bysshe Shelley, A Philosophical View of Reform (1820), ed. T.W. Rolleston (Oxford University Press, 1920).
- The Prose Works of Percy Bysshe Shelley from the original Editions. Edited, Prefaced, and Annotated by Richard Hearne Shepherd, in Two Volumes (London: Chatto & Windus, 1906).
John Arthur Roebuck (1802-1879)
- Pamphlets of the People, edited by J.A. Roebuck, M.P. (London: Charles Ely, 1835). 2 vols. in 1.
George Grote (1794-1871)
- George Grote, Statement of the Question of Parliamentary Reform; with a Reply to the Objections of The Edinburgh Review, no. LXI (London: Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy, 1821).
- George Grote (Philip Beauchamp), Analysis of the Influence of Natural Religion On the Temporal Happiness, of Mankind. (London: R. Carlile, 1822).
- George Grote, Essentials of Parliamentary Reform (London: Baldwin and Cradock, 1831).
- George Grote, Life, Teachings, and Death of Socrates. From Grote's History of Greece (New York: Stanford & Delisser, 1859).
- George Grote, Seven Letters concerning the Politics of Switzerland, pending the Outbreak of the Civil War in 1847. With the Addition of an unpublished Letter written by the Author to M. de Tocqueville shortly after the Termination of the War (London: John Murray, 1876).
Also two new collections or anthologies of classical liberal writings will
be put online. The first is a collection of the political writings of James
Mill (1773-1836) which he wrote in the period leading up to and just after
the passage of the First Reform Act of 1832. Mill’s economic writings are better
known than his political writings which we believe were very influential at
the time but have been unjustly forgotten since then.
- The Political Writings of James Mill: Essays and Reviews on Politics
and Society, 1815-1836. An anthology compiled from The British Review,
and London Critical Journal , the Supplement to the 4th, 5th
and 6th editions of the Encyclopaedia Britannica [1815-1824], Parliamentary
History and Review , The Westminster Review [1824-1836], The
London Review [1835-36], and The London and Westminster Review .
[There are about 1,000 facsimile PDF pages some of which are densely printed
two-column text. Estimated page count 1,250.] See the full table of contents
already on the OLL <http://oll.libertyfund.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1670&Itemid=371>.
The second is a collection of essays, editorials, and reviews which were published in James Wilson’s free trade magazine The Economist and which were written by him and his two sub-editors Thomas Hodgskin (1787-1869) and Herbert Spencer (1820-1903). The Economist was not only the leading advocate of free trade leading up to and during the repeal of the protectionist Corn Laws but was also a place were other liberal issues were addressed in a quite radical and consistent way, such as free banking, the gold standard, colonial policy, tariff policy in France and the U.S., slavery, pauperism and the standard of living of the working class, the morality of commerce, legislation allowing the creation of limited liability companies and partnerships, and legal and prison reform. We have entitled the collection “Free Trade in Everything” after two articles which appeared in July and September 1853 calling for “Free Trade in Cabs” and “Free Trade in Innkeeping,” or in other words the complete deregulation of both industries. The articles concluded that “The best cure, we must say as good Free-Traders, would be found in carrying into all trades and departments the admirable principle of ‘unrestricted competition’.”
- “Free Trade in Everything”: A Collection of Essays and Reviews from The Economist by James Wilson, Thomas Hodgskin, and Herbert Spencer (1843-1857). [No selection of specific essays and articles has been made at this time].