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Source: James Fitzjames Stephen's Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, ed. Stuart D. Warner (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund 1993).
- ὲδύ τι θαραλέαιξ
- τὸν μακρὸν τείνειν βίον έλπίσι, φαγαɩ̑ξ
- θνμὸν ὰλδαίνονσαν εύφροσύναιξ
- φρίσσω δέ σε δερκομέγ’α
- μνρίοιξ& μόθοιξ& διακναιόμενον.
- Ζε͂να γὰρ ού& τρομέων
- ένίδία γνώμη σέβει
- θνατοὺξ ἄγαν, Προμηθεῠ
James Fitzjames Stephen’s Liberty, Equality, Fraternity figured prominently in the mid- to late nineteenth century Victorian debates on two concepts at the heart of politics in the modern world—liberty and equality. Understanding himself to be a defender of an older English Liberalism that he thought to be under assault and weakening at an ever-quickening pace, Stephen attempted in Liberty, Equality, Fraternity to offer a corrective to what he believed were the mistaken views of liberty, equality, and fraternity that were leading the charge. He found these views most fully and powerfully expressed in three of John Stuart Mill’s works: On Liberty, The Subjection of Women, and Utilitarianism. Stephen thus subjected Mill’s political philosophy to intense criticism in Liberty, Equality, Fraternity. Yet Stephen was no mere polemicist, and throughout Liberty, Equality, Fraternity we find Stephen’s own understanding of liberty—as ordered liberty—equality—as equality under law—and fraternity—as a value incompatible with a free society—braided around his critique of Mill. And it is this understanding that is the most important feature of Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, and is eminently worthy of the attention of anyone concerned with the character of a free society.