Front Page Titles (by Subject) Negative vs. Positive Freedom - Literature of Liberty, October/December 1978, vol. 1, No. 4
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Negative vs. Positive Freedom - Leonard P. Liggio, Literature of Liberty, October/December 1978, vol. 1, No. 4 
Literature of Liberty: A Review of Contemporary Liberal Thought was published first by the Cato Institute (1978-1979) and later by the Institute for Humane Studies (1980-1982) under the editorial direction of Leonard P. Liggio.
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Negative vs. Positive Freedom
“Is There ‘Economic Freedom’?” Journal of Social Philosophy 9 (1978): 17–19.
Does there exist such a phenomenon as “economic freedom”? The issue is not whether any given country has political institutions in which the law neither controls nor forbids economic activities. In Gould's view, economic freedom poses the question of whether those lacking in economic power enjoy freedom at all.
Gould argues that historically when the citizens' major concern was to gain the power to participate in political organization, they rightly emphasized the notion of freedom as Isaiah Berlin characterized it. In his Two Concepts of Liberty (Oxford, 1958) Berlin defined “negative freedom” as the absence of coercion from others. But history has so progressed that in many countries the scarcity of negative freedom is no longer the main problem. Instead what concerns many today is the scarcity of a more positive freedom, economic freedom, in the sense of having the power (which the poor generally lack) to take actions that are desirable. Some would argue that there may be a justified concern with establishing institutions for purposes of securing the economic freedom that people lack—to provide everyone with the power to take desirable actions.