Front Page Titles (by Subject) CHAP. XXXI.: In what Manner the Empire was transferred from the Family of Charlemaign. - Complete Works, vol. 2 The Spirit of Laws
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CHAP. XXXI.: In what Manner the Empire was transferred from the Family of Charlemaign. - Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu, Complete Works, vol. 2 The Spirit of Laws 
The Complete Works of M. de Montesquieu (London: T. Evans, 1777), 4 vols. Vol. 2.
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In what Manner the Empire was transferred from the Family of Charlemaign.
THE empire, which in prejudice to the branch of Charles the Bald, had been already given to the* bastard line of Lewis king of Germany, was transferred to a foreign house by the election of Conrad, duke of Franconia, in 912. The reigning branch of France being hardly able to dispute a few villages, was much less in a situation to contest the empire. We have an agreement which passed between Charles the Simple and the emperor Henry I. who had succeeded to Conrad. It is called the compact of Bonn† . These two princes met in a vessel which had been placed in the middle of the Rhine, and swore eternal friendship. They used on this occasion an excellent middle term. Charles took the title of king of West France, and Henry that of king of East France. Charles contracted with the king of Germany, and not with the emperor.
[* ]Arnold, and his son Lewis IV.
[† ]In the year 926. quoted by Aubert le Mire, Cod. donationum piarum, chap. 27.