Front Page Titles (by Subject) CHAP. XVII.: The same Subject continued. - Complete Works, vol. 2 The Spirit of Laws
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CHAP. XVII.: The same Subject continued. - Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu, Complete Works, vol. 2 The Spirit of Laws 
The Complete Works of M. de Montesquieu (London: T. Evans, 1777), 4 vols. Vol. 2.
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The same Subject continued.
WHEN a state has many causes for hatred, religion ought to produce many ways of reconciliation. The Arabs, a people addicted to robbery, are frequently guilty of doing injury and injustice. Mahomet‡ enacted this law: “If any one forgives∥ the blood of his brother, he may pursue the malefactor for damages and interest: but he who shall injure the wicked, after having received satisfaction, shall, in the day of judgment, suffer the most grievous torments.”
The Germans inherited the hatred and enmity of their near relations: but these were not eternal. Homicide was expiated by giving a certain number of cattle, and all the family received satisfaction: a thing extremely useful, says Tacitus* , because enmities are most dangerous amongst a free people. I believe, indeed, that their ministers of religion, who were held by them in so much credit, were concerned in these reconciliations.
Amongst the inhabitants of Malacca† , where no form of reconciliation is established, he who has committed murder, certain of being assassinated by the relations or friends of the deceased, abandons himself to fury, and wounds or kills all he meets.
[‡ ]Koran, book 1. chap. of the cow.
[∥ ]On renouncing the law of retaliation.
[* ]De morib. Germanorum.
[† ]Collection of voyages that contributed to the establishment of the East India company, vol. vii. page 303. See also Memoirs of the C. de Forbin, and what he says of the people of Macassar.