Front Page Titles (by Subject) CHAP. X.: Of Population, in the Relation it bears to the Manner of procuring Subsistence. - Complete Works, vol. 1 The Spirit of Laws
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CHAP. X.: Of Population, in the Relation it bears to the Manner of procuring Subsistence. - Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu, Complete Works, vol. 1 The Spirit of Laws 
The Complete Works of M. de Montesquieu (London: T. Evans, 1777), 4 vols. Vol. 1.
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Of Population, in the Relation it bears to the Manner of procuring Subsistence.
LET us see in what proportion countries are peopled where the inhabitants do not cultivate the earth. As the produce of uncultivated land is to that of land improved by culture, so the number of savages in one country is to that of husbandmen in another: and, when the people who cultivate the land cultivate also the arts, this is also in such proportions as would require a minute detail.
They can scarcely form a great nation. If they are herdsmen and shepherds, they have need of an extensive country to furnish subsistence for a small number; if they live by hunting, their number must be still less, and, in order to find the means of life, they must constitute a very small nation.
Their country commonly abounds with forests; which, as the inhabitants have not the art of draining off the waters, are filled with bogs; here each troop canton themselves, and form a petty nation.