Front Page Titles (by Subject) CHAP. II.: The Difference between Nations in Point of Courage. - Complete Works, vol. 1 The Spirit of Laws
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CHAP. II.: The Difference between Nations in Point of Courage. - Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu, Complete Works, vol. 1 The Spirit of Laws 
The Complete Works of M. de Montesquieu (London: T. Evans, 1777), 4 vols. Vol. 1.
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The Difference between Nations in Point of Courage.
WE have already observed, that great heat enervates the strength and courage of men; and that, in cold climates, they have a certain vigour of body and mind which renders them patient and intrepid, and qualifies them for arduous enterprizes. This remark holds good not only between different nations, but even in the different parts of the same country. In the North of China¶ people are more courageous than those in the South; and those in the South of Corea* have less bravery than those in the North.
We ought not, then, to be astonished, that the effeminacy of the people in hot climates has almost always rendered them slaves, and that the bravery of those in cold climates has enabled them to maintain their liberties. This is an effect which springs from a natural cause.
This has also been found true in America; the despotic empires of Mexico and Peru were near the line; and almost all the little free nations were, and still are, near the poles.
[¶ ]Du Halde, vol. i. p. 112.
[* ]The Chinese books make mention of this. Ibid.