Front Page Titles (by Subject) CHAP. IV.: Another Origin of the Right of Slavery. - Complete Works, vol. 1 The Spirit of Laws
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CHAP. IV.: Another Origin of the Right of Slavery. - Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu, Complete Works, vol. 1 The Spirit of Laws 
The Complete Works of M. de Montesquieu (London: T. Evans, 1777), 4 vols. Vol. 1.
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Another Origin of the Right of Slavery.
I would as soon say that religion gives its professors a right to enslave those who dissent from it, in order to render its propagation more easy.
This was the notion that encouraged the ravagers of America in their iniquity* . Under the influence of this idea, they founded their right of enslaving so many nations: for these robbers, who would absolutely be both robbers and Christians, were superlatively devout.
Lewis XIII.† was extremely uneasy at a law, by which all the Negroes of his colonies were to be made slaves; but, it being strongly urged to him as the readiest means for their conversion, he acquiesced without farther scruple.
[* ]See Hist. of the Conquest of Mexico, by Solis, and that of Peru, by Garcilasso de la Vega.
[† ]Labat’s new voyage to the isles of America, vol. 4. p. 114. in 1752. 12mo.