Front Page Titles (by Subject) CHAP. V.: Of a Monarchy in the like Case. - Complete Works, vol. 1 The Spirit of Laws
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CHAP. V.: Of a Monarchy in the like Case. - Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu, Complete Works, vol. 1 The Spirit of Laws 
The Complete Works of M. de Montesquieu (London: T. Evans, 1777), 4 vols. Vol. 1.
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Of a Monarchy in the like Case.
WHEN the nobles of a monarchical state cause the lands to be cultivated for their own use by a conquered people, they ought never to have a power of increasing the service or tribute* . Besides, it is right the prince should be satisfied with his own demesne and the military service. But, if he wants to raise taxes on the vassals of his nobility, the lords of the several districts ought to be answerable for the tax† , and be obliged to pay it for the vassals, by whom they may be afterwards reimbursed. If this rule be not followed, the lord and the collectors of the public taxes will harrass the poor vassal by turns, till he perishes with misery, or flies into the woods.
[* ]This is what induced Charlemagne to make his excellent institution upon this head. See the 5th book of the Capitularies, art. 303.
[† ]This is the practice in Germany.