Front Page Titles (by Subject) CHAP. IX.: Aristotle's Manner of thinking. - Complete Works, vol. 1 The Spirit of Laws
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CHAP. IX.: Aristotle’s Manner of thinking. - Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu, Complete Works, vol. 1 The Spirit of Laws 
The Complete Works of M. de Montesquieu (London: T. Evans, 1777), 4 vols. Vol. 1.
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Aristotle’s Manner of thinking.
ARISTOTLE is greatly puzzled in treating of monarchy* . He makes five species; and he does not distinguish them by the form of constitution, but by things merely accidental, as the virtues and vices of the prince; or by things extrinsecal, such as tyranny usurped or inherited.
Among the number of monarchies, he ranks the Persian empire and the kingdom of Sparta. But is it not evident that the one was a despotic state and the other a republic?
The ancients, who were strangers to the distribution of the three powers in the government of a single person, could never form a just idea of monarchy.
[* ]Polit. book 3, chap. 14.