Front Page Titles (by Subject) CHAP. XX.: Of the Punishment of Fathers for the Crimes of their Children. - Complete Works, vol. 1 The Spirit of Laws
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CHAP. XX.: Of the Punishment of Fathers for the Crimes of their Children. - Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu, Complete Works, vol. 1 The Spirit of Laws 
The Complete Works of M. de Montesquieu (London: T. Evans, 1777), 4 vols. Vol. 1.
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Of the Punishment of Fathers for the Crimes of their Children.
IN China, fathers are punished for the crimes of their children. This was likewise the custom of Peru¶ ; a custom derived from the notion of despotic power.
Little does it signify to say, that, in China, the father is punished for not having exerted that paternal authority which nature has established and the laws themselves have improved. This still supposes that there is no honour among the Chinese. Amongst us, parents, whose children are condemned by the laws of their country, and children* , whose parents have undergone the like fate, are as severely punished by shame, as they would be, in China, by the loss of their lives.
[¶ ]See Garcilasso, history of the civil wars of the Spaniards.
[* ]Instead of punishing them, says Plato, they ought to be commended for not having followed their father’s example. Book 9. of Laws.