Front Page Titles (by Subject) CANTO IV - The Divine Comedy, Vol. 1 (Inferno) (Bilingual edition)
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CANTO IV - Dante Alighieri, The Divine Comedy, Vol. 1 (Inferno) (Bilingual edition) 
The Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri. The Italian Text with a Translation in English Blank Verse and a Commentary by Courtney Langdon, vol. 1 (Inferno) (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1918).
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The First Circle. The Limbo, or Borderland, of Unbaptized Innocents and Worthies, and Illustrious Pagans. Virgil. Aristotle
The picture of the negative punishment (?) of the pagan-minded in this canto should be understood as applying to the pagan-minded in modern and contemporary, as well as in ancient times. It is merely a poetical statement of an obvious and acknowledged fact. A materialistic or merely intellectualistic conception of life, necessarily involves a lack of happiness open only to those who can accept the joyous Christian view of life. The fate of individuals in “another world” is, in this case as in all others, on the knees of a Justice whose other name is Love, to which can be also left the little children whom Dante describes as being in the border state.
Most texts read in line parte, “a part,” instead of porta, “gateway,” which latter, however, best describes the symbolic function of baptism.