Front Page Titles (by Subject) CHAPTER XVII.: Respecting Those Who are Neutral in War . - The Rights of War and Peace (1901 ed.)
CHAPTER XVII.: Respecting Those Who are Neutral in War . - Hugo Grotius, The Rights of War and Peace (1901 ed.) 
The Rights of War and Peace, including the Law of Nature and of Nations, translated from the Original Latin of Grotius, with Notes and Illustrations from Political and Legal Writers, by A.C. Campbell, A.M. with an Introduction by David J. Hill (New York: M. Walter Dunne, 1901).
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- General Preface
- Book I.
- Chapter I.
- Chapter II.: Inquiry Into the Lawfulness of War .
- Chapter III.: The Division of War Into Public and Private and the Nature of Sovereign Power .
- Book II.
- Chapter I.: Defence of Person and Property .
- Chapter II.: The General Rights of Things .
- Chapter III.: On the Original Acquistion of Things, and the Right of Property In Seas and Rivers .
- Chapter IV.: Title to Desert Lands By Occupancy, Possession, and Precription .
- Chapter IX. *: In What Cases Jurisdiction and Property Cease .
- Chapter X.: The Obligation Arising From Property .
- Chapter XI.: On Promises .
- Chapter XII.: On Contracts .
- Chapter XIII.: On Oaths .
- Chapter XV. *: On Treaties and On Engagements Made By Delegates, Exceeding Their Power .
- Chapter XVI.: The Interpretation of Treaties .
- Chapter XVII.: On Damages Occasioned By Injury and the Obligation to Repair Them .
- Chapter XVIII.: On the Right of Embassies .
- Chapter XIX.: On the Right of Burial .
- Chapter XX.: On Punishments .
- Chapter XXI.: On the Communication of Punishment .
- Chapter XXII.: On the Unjust Causes of War .
- Chapter XXIII.: On Doubtful Causes .
- Chapter XXIV.: Precautions Against Rashly Engaging In War, Even Upon Just Grounds .
- Chapter XXV.: The Causes of Undertaking War For Others .
- Book III.
- Chapter I.: What Is Lawful In War .
- Chapter II.: In What Manner the Law of Nations Renders the Property of Subjects Answerable For the Debts of Sovereigns. the Nature of Reprisals .
- Chapter III.: On Just Or, Solemn War According to the Law of Nations On Declarations of War .
- Chapter IV.: On the Right of Killing an Enemy In Lawful War, and Committing Other Acts of Hostility .
- Chapter V.: On the Right to Lay Waste an Enemy’s Country, and Carry Off His Effects .
- Chapter VI.: On the Acquisition of Territory and Property By Right of Conquest .
- Chapter VII.: On the Right Over Prisoners of War .
- Chapter VIII.: On Empire Over the Conquered .
- Chapter IX.: Of the Right of Postliminium .
- Chapter XI. *: the Right of Killing Enemies, In Just War, to Be Tempered With Moderation and Humanity .
- Chapter XII.: On Moderation In Despoiling an Enemy’s Country .
- Chapter XIII.: On Moderation In Making Captures In War .
- Chapter XV. *: On Moderation In Acquiring Dominion .
- Chapter XVI.: On Moderation With Respect to Things Excluded From the Right of Postliminium By the Law of Nations .
- Chapter XVII.: Respecting Those Who Are Neutral In War .
- Chapter XIX. *: On Good Faith Between Enemies .
- Chapter XX.: On the Public Faith, By Which War Is Concluded; Comprising Treaties of Peace, and the Nature of Arbitration, Surrender Hostages, Pledges .
- Chapter XXI.: On Faith During the Continuance of War, On Truces, Safe-conducts, and the Redemption of Prisoners .
- Chapter XXII.: On the Faith On Those Invested With Subordinate Powers In War .
- Chapter XXIV. *: On Tacit Faith .
- Chapter XXV.: Conclusion .
Respecting Those Who are Neutral in War.
Nothing to be taken belonging to neutrals, but under circumstances of extreme necessity, and with an intention to pay the full price of it—Conduct of neutral powers towards belligerents.
I. It may appear superfluous to speak of neutral powers, against whom no rights of war can exist. But as war, under the plea of necessity, occasions many aggressions to be committed against them, especially when bordering upon the seat of its operations, it may be necessary briefly to repeat a former assertion, that nothing short of extreme exigency can give one power a right over what belongs to another no way involved in the war. The case too is equally clear that no emergency can justify any one in taking and applying to his own use what the owner stands in equal need of himself. But even where the emergency can be plainly proved, nothing can justify us in taking or applying the property of another to our use, beyond the immediate demands of that emergency. Where the custody of a thing, by securing it, is sufficient for the purpose, the use and consumption of it is absolutely unlawful. If the use of it is necessary, it must not be abused: and if the entire abuse of it be requisite, the full value should be paid.
II. Again, according to what was said in a preceding part of this book, it is the duty of those, who profess neutrality in a war to do nothing towards increasing the strength of a party maintaining an unjust cause, nor to impede the measures of a power engaged in a just and righteous cause. But in doubtful cases, they ought to shew themselves impartial to both sides, and to give no succour to besieged places, but should allow the troops of each to march through the country, and to purchase forage, and other supplies. The Corcyraeans, in Thucydides, say that if the Athenians intend to remain neuter, they ought either to prohibit the Corinthians from enlisting men in the territory of Attica, or to give them the same privilege. The Romans objected to the conduct of Philip king of Macedon, charging him with a double violations of treaties, both by injuring the allies of the Roman people, and assisting the enemy with supplies of men and money.