Front Page Titles (by Subject) CHAPTER FIFTY–EIGHT. - Magna Carta: A Commentary on the Great Charter of King John, with an Historical Introduction
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CHAPTER FIFTY–EIGHT. - Misc (Magna Carta), Magna Carta: A Commentary on the Great Charter of King John, with an Historical Introduction 
Magna Carta: A Commentary on the Great Charter of King John, with an Historical Introduction, by William Sharp McKechnie (Glasgow: Maclehose, 1914).
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Nos reddemus filium Lewelini statim, et omnes obsides de Wallia, et cartas que nobis liberate fuerunt in securitatem pacis.
We will immediately give up the son of Llywelyn and all the hostages of Wales, and the charters delivered to us as security for the peace.
The treatment of hostages in general and Welsh hostages in particular has already been illustrated.1 The patent and close rolls show a constant coming and going of these living pledges of the peace. A writ of 18th December, 1214, for example, bade Engelard of Cigogné restore three Welsh nobles to Llywelyn.2 Since then, new hostages, including Llywelyn’s son, had been handed over; and charters also had been pledged.
The Articles of the Barons had treated this question as an open one, referring it to the arbitration of Stephen Langton and others he might nominate. The point had apparently been decided in favour of the Welsh before the Charter was engrossed in its final form.3 John is now made to promise an immediate surrender of hostages and charters.
The Welsh prince must have breathed more freely when this was fulfilled. Soon, with a light heart, his son by his side, he renewed hostilities. Gualo, on 11th November, 1216, laid interdict on the whole of Wales for holding with the barons.1 By the treaty of Lambeth, Louis was to send a copy of the peace to Llywelyn and the other Welsh princes.2
[1 ]See supra, p. 441.
[2 ]See supra, p. 445.
[3 ]No. 45 of the Articles is connected by a rude bracket with No. 46 (relating to Scotland); and a saving clause, thus made applicable to both, is added with some appearance of haste: “nisi aliter esse debeat per cartas quas rex habet, per judicium archiepiscopi et aliorum quos secum vocare voluerit.” Cf. supra, p. 38. So far as related to Scotch affairs, the King’s caveat found its way, in an altered form, into Magna Carta. See c. 59.
[1 ]Annals of Waverley, sub anno 1216.
[2 ]New Rymer, I. 148.