Front Page Titles (by Subject) REFERENCES - The Principles of Ethics, vol. 2
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REFERENCES - Herbert Spencer, The Principles of Ethics, vol. 2 
The Principles of Ethics, introduction by Tibor R. Machan (Indianapolis: LibertyClassics, 1978). Vol. 2.
Part of: The Principles of Ethics, 2 vols.
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To find the authority for any statement in the text, the reader is to proceed as follows: Observing the number of the section of which the statement occurs, he will first look out, in the following pages, the corresponding number, which is printed in conspicuous type. Among the references succeeding this number, he will then look for the name of the tribe, people, or nation concerning which the statement is made (the names in the references standing in the same order as that which they have in the text); and that it may more readily catch the eye, each such name is printed in italics. In the parenthesis following the name, will be found the volume and page of the work referred to, preceded by the first three or four letters of the author's name; and where more than one of his works has been used, the first three or four letters of the title of the one containing the particular statement. The meanings of these abbreviations, employed to save the space that would be occupied by frequent repetitions of full titles, is shown at the end of the references: where will be found arranged in alphabetical order, these initial syllables of authors' names, etc., and opposite to them the full titles of the works referred to.
References to Volume II
253. Cimmarróns (Osw. 61)—Wolves (Rom. 436).
254. Beavers (Dal. in C.N.H. iii, 99)—Crows and Rooks (Rom. 323–25).
255.Bisons (Rom. 334–35)—Elephants (Rom. 400–1)—Monkeys (Gill. 170).
259.Abors (Dalt. in J.A.S.B. xiv, 426).
268.Dogribs (Lub. 509)—Fuegians (Wed. 175)—Greeks (Pla. Jow. 229).
269.Communists (Lav. in ContemporaryReview, Feb. 1890; Bel. 101).
271.Germany (Daily Papers, Feb. 1890).
276.Lepchas (Camp. in J.E.S.L. July 1869)—Hos (Dalt. 206)—Wood-Veddah (Tenn. ii, 444)—Kant (Ka. 54-55).
277.Austin (Aust. 30).
279.Benthamism (Mill, 93; Bel. in Cont. Rev., July 1890).
285.Fijians (Will. i, 112)—Wends (Grimm, 488)—Herulians (Grimm, 487)—Greeks (Gro. ii, 33)—Europeans (Grimm, 289; Green, 13)—English (Steph. ii, 204, 209).
286.Early Germans, &c. (Mai. 370)—Anc. Russia (Holtz. i, 225-26).
290.Abors. (Dalt. in J.A.S.B. xiv, 426)—Nagas (Stew. in J.A.S.B. xxiv, 608)—Lepchas (Camp. in J.E.S.L. July, 1869)—Jakuns (Fav. in J.I.A. ii).
291.Fijians (Ersk. 492)—Hebrews (Ex. xxi; Deut. xv; Lev. xxv. 45, 46) Christians (1 Cor. vii. 21)—Greeks (Gro. ii, 37, 468–69)—Spartans (Gro. ii. 309)—English (Green, 56, 91, 90, 247)—Artizans (Mart. i, 343).
297.Suanctians (Fresh. in P.R.G.S. June, 1888, p. 335)—Dahomans (Burt. i, 260).
299.Locke (Sec. Treat. on Gov. sec. 27)—Comanches (Scho. i, 232)—Chippewayans (Scho. v. 177)—Irish (Green, 431)—China (Wil. i, 1–2)—India (Lav. 310, etc.).
300.Maine (Mai. 184).
305.Romans (cop. 2)—English (Rob. in Ency. Brit., art. “Copyright”).
306.Monopolies (Hayd. 489).
307.Roman Law (Pat. 154–55) —Buddhists (Pat. 181, note)—English (Pat. 53).
308.English (13 Eliz. c. 5;29 Eliz. c. 5).
309.Polynesians (Ell. P.R. ii, 346; Tho. i, 96)—Sumatra (Mars. 244)—Hottentots (Kolb. i, 300)—Damaras (And. 228)—Gold Coast (J.E.S. (1856) IV 20)—Congo (Proy. in Pink, xvi, 571)—Eghas (Burt. Abeokuta, i, 208)—Timbuctoo (Shab. 18)—Ashantis (Bee. 117)—Arabs (Burck. i, 131)—Todas (Mar. 206)—Gonds (His. 12)—Bodo and Dhimals (Hodg. in J.A.S.B. xviii, 718)—Kasias (Hook, ii, 275)—Karens (Mas. in J.A.S.B. xxxvii, pt. ii, 142)—Mishmis (Grif. 35)—Primitive Germans (Tac. Germ. xx)—Celts (Bello. iii, 398)—Saxons and Frisians (König. 152–3)—Merovingians (König. 158–60)—France (Civil Code, sec. 967, etc.).
314.Polynesians (U.S. Ex. Ex. iii, 22; Ang. ii, 50; Ell. Hawaii, 390; St. John, ii, 260)—Bechuanas (Burch. ii, 395)—InlandNegroes (Land. i, 250)—Ashantis (Bee. 148) Shoa (Harr. ii, 26)—Congo (Proy in Pink. xvi, 578)—Dahomans (Burt. Miss. i, 52)—Fulahs (Wint. i, 170)—Hebrews (Deut. xxii, 8, etc.)—Phoenicians (Möv ii, 108–110)—Mexicians (Zur. 223)—Cent. Americans (Xim. 203; Pala. 84; Sqi. ii, 341)—Patagonians (Fitz. ii, 150)—Mundrucus (Bates, 274)—Diocletian (Lév. i, 82-3).
315.Hebrews (Deut. xxiii, 19–20)—Cicero (Arn. 50)—England (Ree. iii, 292; Steph. Com. ii, 90)—France (Lec. Rationalism, 293–4).
317.England (Cunn. 200; Thor. i, 118; Craik, i, 108–9, Rog. i, 575; Ree. iii, 262, 590, Pict. Hist. ii, 809,812, viii, 635)—France (Tocque. 427; Lév iii, 286).
319.Guinea (Bast. iii, 225)—Fijians (Lub. 357; Ersk. 450; Will. i, 121)—Greeks (Plato: Laws, bk. x; Smith, Class. Dict. 714, Ency Brit. ii, 1).
323.Henry IV (Green, 258)—Nonconformists (Green, 609–13)—Athenians (Pat. 76)—Romans (Pat. 77)—English (Pat. 79, 94)—Plato (Pat. 50)—English (Pat. 50–1).
335. Fijians (Will. i, 210)—Fuegians (Fitz. Voyage, ii, Australians (Trans. Eth. Sec. N.S. iii, 248, 288)—Egyptians (Ebers, i, 307–8)Aryans (Tac. Germ. xviii)—Prim.Germans (Gri. 450)—EarlyTeutons (Mai. 153)—OldEnglish (Lapp. ii, 338–9)––Romans (Hunt. 32–3)—Fulc the Black (Green, 95).
340.Greeks and Romans (Lec. ü, 26)—Teutons and Celts (, Gri. 455, etc.). Fuegians (Fitz. ii, 171)—NewGuinea (Kolff, 301)—NewZealanders (Cook's Last Voy. 54)—Dyaks (Broo. i, 75)—Ma1agasy (Wai. ii, 437)—Hebrews (Ex. xxi, 7; 2 Kings iv, l; Job xxiv 9)—Romans (Lec. ii, 31)—Celts (König. 86–7)—Germans (Gri. 461)—Romans (Hunt. 29; König. 87)—France (Bern. 189–193; Gonc. 10–12; Bern. 161)
347.Esquimaux (Hear. 161)—Greeks (Gro. ii, 468)—Bodo,DhimalandKocch (Hodg.157; Hodg. in J.A.S.B. xviii, 741).
356.Esquimaux (Cran. i, 164–5)—Fuegians (Wed. 168)—Veddahs (Tenn. ii, 440)—Tasmanians (Bon. 81)—Mountain Snakes (Ross, i, 250)—Fish-eaters (Scho. i, 207)—Shirrydikas (Lew. & Clarke, 306)—Comanches (Scho. ii, 127).
357.Snakes (Lew. & Clark, 306)—Creeks (Scho. v, 277)—Dacotahs (Scho. n, ii, 183–5)—Comanches (Scho. i, 231)—Uaupés (Wal. 499)—Patagonians (Falk. 123)—Araucanians (Thomp. i, 405)—Bechuanas (Licht. ii, 329)—East Africans (Burt. C.A. ii, 365)—Coast Negroes (J.E.S. 1848, i, 215; Wint. i, 127)—Abyssinia (Park, ii, 236–8)—Arabs (Palg. 53; Burck. i, 284)—Bhils (Mal. i, 576)—Khonds (Macph. 44)—Karens (Mas. in J.A.S.B. xxxvii, Pt. II, 142)—Early Teutons (Kemb. i, 268, 272; Thor. i, 447)—English (Green, 197)—French (Gué. ccviii).
362.Paternal Government (Mai. 133).
363.Plato (Laws, bks. vi, vii; Rep. bk. v)—Aristotle (Rep. bk. vii, 14–16)—Plato (Rep. iv, 19)—Aristotle (Rep. bk. vii, 9–10).
366.Feudalism (Bonne, i, 269)—Fiji (Will. i, 30)— Church-and-KingMob (Hux. 103).
376.Thieves (Daily Papers: date lost).
377.Shrewsbury (Jev. 37).
378.Penny Post (Ency Brit. xix, 565)—Boy Messengers Co. (Daily Papers, March, 1891).
421.Ptah-hotep (see Records of the Past, 2nd Series, iii, 20).
455.Mansion House Fund, &c. (Annual Report of Charity Organization Society 1885–6, pp. 14, 20; Charity Organization Review, May 1892).
464.Gold Coast (Bee. 229).
468.American on Party-Government (R.W. Tayler, in Brooklyn Ethical Association Lectures, 1892, p. 503).
Titles of Works Referred ToLake Ngami.Savage Life and Scenes in Australia and New Zealand.Politics and Economics.Roman Provincial Administration.The Province of Jurisprudence Determined.Der Mensch in der Geschichte.The Naturalist on the River Amazon.Ashanti and the Gold CoastLooking BackwardContemporary ReviewEthnogénie Gauloise.Histoire de l’Autorité paternelle en France.Histoire des Paysans.Daily Life and Origin of the Tasmanians.Ten Years in Saráwak.Travels into the Interior of Southern Africa.Notes on Bedouins and Wahábys.Abeokuta and the Cameroon Mountains.The Lake Regions of Central Africa.Mission to Gelele, King of Dahomey.Cassell's Natural History,Journal of the Ethnological SocietyJournal of Captain Cook's Last Voyage,The Law of Copyright.History of English Commerce.History of Greenland.The Growth of English Industry and Commerce,Cassell'sDescriptive Ethnology of Bengal.Journal of the Asiatic society, Bengal.Aegypten und die Bücher Moses.Narrative of a Tour through Hawaii.Polynesian ResearchesEncyclopedia Britannica.Journal of a Cruise Among the Islands of the Western Pacific.Description of Patagonia.Journal of the Indian Archipelago.Narrative of the Surveying Voyages of the ‘Adventure’ and ‘Beagle,’ etc.Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society.The Hunter's Arcadia.La Femme au XVIIIe Siècle.A Short History of the English People.Deutsche Rechtsalterthümer.Journal of Travels in Assam, etc.A History of Greece.Cartulaire de l’abbaye de St. Père de Chartres.Highlands of Æthiopia.Haydn's Dictionary of Dates.Journey from Prince of Wales's Fort, etc.Aboriginal Tribes of the Central Provinces.Kocch, Bodo and Dhimál Tribes.Journal of the Asiatic Society,Handbuch des deutschen Strafrechts.Himalayan Journals.Introduction to Roman Law.Science and Culture, and Other Essays.Journal of the Asiatic Society, Bengal.Journal of the Ethnological Society,Jevons (W. Stanley) The State in Relation to Labour.Theory of Ethics.The Saxons in England.Present State of the Cape of Good Hope.Voyages of the Dutch Brig the ‘Dourga’ Through the Molucca Archipelago, etc.Histoire de l’organisation de la Famille en France.Journal of an Expedition to the Course and Termination of the Niger.England under the Saxon Kings.The Contemporary Review.Primitive Property.History of European Morals.On Rationalism in Europe.Histoire des classes ouvrières.Travels to the Source of the Missouri, etc.Travels in Southern Africa in the Years 1803–1806.Two Treatises of Government.Pre-Historic Times.Report upon the Khonds of Ganjam and Cuttack.Ancient Law.Memoir of Central Asia.A Phrenologist amongst the Todas.History of England during the Thirty Years' Peace.Journal of the Asiatic Society,Bengal.MillMill (John Stuart)Utilitarianism.Die Phönizier.Zoological Sketches.San Salvador and HondurasJourney through Central and Eastern Arabia.Life in Abyssinia, etcThe Liberty of the Press, etc.Pictorial History of England.RepublicHistory of Loango.Collection,History of the English Law.Encyclopedia Britannica.History of Agriculture and Prices in England.Animal Intelligence.Fur Hunters of Far West.Life in the Forests of the Far East.Information Respecting the Indian Tribes of the United States.Account of Timbuctoo, etc.Nicaragua.New Commentaries on the Laws of England.A History of the Criminal Law of England.Journal of the Asiatic Society, Bengal.Germania.CeylonAn Account of the Island, etc.Alcedo's Geographical and Historical Dictionary of America, etc.The Story of New Zealand, etc.Ancient Laws and InstitutionsThe State of Society in France Before the Revolution.Narrative of the United States' Exploring Expedition,Anthropologie.Travels on the Amazon and Rio Negro, etc.Voyage Towards the South Pole.The Middle Kingdom.Fiji and the Fijians.Account of the Native Africans in the Neighbourhood of Sierra Leone.Las Historias del Origen de los Indios de GuatemalaRapport sur les différentes classes de chefs de la Nouvelle-Espagne.