Front Page Titles (by Subject) TO JOHN YOUNG, ESQUIRE,1PROFESSOR OF GREEK IN THE UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW. - The Origin of the Distinction of Ranks
TO JOHN YOUNG, ESQUIRE,1PROFESSOR OF GREEK IN THE UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW. - John Millar, The Origin of the Distinction of Ranks 
The Origin of the Distinction of Ranks; or, An Inquiry into the Circumstances which give rise to Influence and Authority in the Different Members of Society, edited and with an Introduction by Aaron Garrett (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2006).
About Liberty Fund:
Liberty Fund, Inc. is a private, educational foundation established to encourage the study of the ideal of a society of free and responsible individuals.
The copyright to this edition, in both print and electronic forms, is held by Liberty Fund, Inc.
Fair use statement:
This material is put online to further the educational goals of Liberty Fund, Inc. Unless otherwise stated in the Copyright Information section above, this material may be used freely for educational and academic purposes. It may not be used in any way for profit.
- A Note On the Text
- To John Young, Esquire,1professor of Greek In the University of Glasgow.
- Account of the Life and Writings of John Millar, Esq.
- The Origin of the Distinction of Ranks.
- Chapter I: Of the Rank and Condition of Women In Different Ages
- Section I: The Effects of Poverty and Barbarism, With Respect to the Condition of Women.
- Section II: The Influence Acquired By the Mother of a Family, Before Marriage Is Completely Established.
- Section III: The Refinement of the Passions of Sex, In the Pastoral Ages.
- Section IV: The Consequences of the Introduction of Agriculture, With Respect to the Intercourse of the Sexes.
- Section V: Changes In the Condition of Women, Arising From the Improvement of Useful Arts and Manufactures.
- Section VI: The Effects of Great Opulence, and the Culture of the Elegant Arts, Upon the Relative Condition of the Sexes.
- Chapter II: Of the Jurisdiction and Authority of a Father Over His Children
- Section I: The Power of a Father In Early Ages.
- Section II: The Influence of the Improvement of Arts Upon the Jurisdiction of the Father.
- Chapter III: The Authority of a Chief Over the Members of a Tribe Or Village
- Section I: The Origin of a Chief, and the Degrees of Influence Which He Is Enabled to Acquire.
- Section II: The Powers With Which the Chief of a Rude Tribe Is Commonly Invested.
- Chapter IV: The Authority of a Sovereign, and of Subordinate Officers, Over a Society Composed of Different Tribes Or Villages
- Section I: The Constitution of Government Arising From the Union of Different Tribes Or Villages.
- Section II: The Natural Progress of Government In a Rude Kingdom.
- Chapter V: The Changes Produced In the Government of a People, By Their Progress In Arts, and In Polished Manners
- Section I: Circumstances, In a Polished Nation, Which Tend to Increase the Power of the Sovereign.
- Section II: Other Circumstances, Which Contribute to Advance the Privileges of the People.
- Section III: Result of the Opposition Between These Different Principles.
- Chapter VI: The Authority of a Master Over His Servants
- Section I: The Condition of Servants In the Primitive Ages of the World.
- Section II: The Usual Effects of Opulence and Civilized Manners, With Regard to the Treatment of Servants.
- Section III: Causes of the Freedom Acquired By the Labouring People In the Modern Nations of Europe.
- Section IV: Political Consequences of Slavery.
- Appendix 1: Note On the Editions
- Appendix 2: Millar’s Preface to the First Edition
- Appendix 3: Millar’s “lectures On Government”
TO JOHN YOUNG, ESQUIRE,
PROFESSOR OF GREEK IN THE UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW.
My Dear Sir,
In presenting you with a Memoir on the Life of our late excellent Friend, Mr. Millar, I submit it to the person who, from long and familiar intercourse with him, will most readily perceive any misconceptions of his real character, or inaccuracies in the representation of his opinions.
I am fully aware of the difficulty of delineating a character such as Mr. Millar’s, and I am not insensible of the danger of failing in a species of composition in which some late writings have accustomed the Public to the union, in an uncommon degree, of Philosophy and Taste; but I could<iv> not be deterred by any selfish regard to my own reputation, from making that attempt, for which, in the opinion of our mutual friends, my intimacy with Mr. Millar, begun by our near connection, and continued by his kind indulgence, had afforded me peculiar advantages.
I am, with the greatest regard,
My Dear Sir,
Your most obedient Servant,
Glasgow, February, 1806.<v>