Front Page Titles (by Subject) A NOTE ON THE TEXT - The Origin of the Distinction of Ranks
A NOTE ON THE TEXT - John Millar, The Origin of the Distinction of Ranks 
The Origin of the Distinction of Ranks; or, An Inquiry into the Circumstances which give rise to Influence and Authority in the Different Members of Society, edited and with an Introduction by Aaron Garrett (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2006).
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- A Note On the Text
- To John Young, Esquire,1professor of Greek In the University of Glasgow.
- Account of the Life and Writings of John Millar, Esq.
- The Origin of the Distinction of Ranks.
- Chapter I: Of the Rank and Condition of Women In Different Ages
- Section I: The Effects of Poverty and Barbarism, With Respect to the Condition of Women.
- Section II: The Influence Acquired By the Mother of a Family, Before Marriage Is Completely Established.
- Section III: The Refinement of the Passions of Sex, In the Pastoral Ages.
- Section IV: The Consequences of the Introduction of Agriculture, With Respect to the Intercourse of the Sexes.
- Section V: Changes In the Condition of Women, Arising From the Improvement of Useful Arts and Manufactures.
- Section VI: The Effects of Great Opulence, and the Culture of the Elegant Arts, Upon the Relative Condition of the Sexes.
- Chapter II: Of the Jurisdiction and Authority of a Father Over His Children
- Section I: The Power of a Father In Early Ages.
- Section II: The Influence of the Improvement of Arts Upon the Jurisdiction of the Father.
- Chapter III: The Authority of a Chief Over the Members of a Tribe Or Village
- Section I: The Origin of a Chief, and the Degrees of Influence Which He Is Enabled to Acquire.
- Section II: The Powers With Which the Chief of a Rude Tribe Is Commonly Invested.
- Chapter IV: The Authority of a Sovereign, and of Subordinate Officers, Over a Society Composed of Different Tribes Or Villages
- Section I: The Constitution of Government Arising From the Union of Different Tribes Or Villages.
- Section II: The Natural Progress of Government In a Rude Kingdom.
- Chapter V: The Changes Produced In the Government of a People, By Their Progress In Arts, and In Polished Manners
- Section I: Circumstances, In a Polished Nation, Which Tend to Increase the Power of the Sovereign.
- Section II: Other Circumstances, Which Contribute to Advance the Privileges of the People.
- Section III: Result of the Opposition Between These Different Principles.
- Chapter VI: The Authority of a Master Over His Servants
- Section I: The Condition of Servants In the Primitive Ages of the World.
- Section II: The Usual Effects of Opulence and Civilized Manners, With Regard to the Treatment of Servants.
- Section III: Causes of the Freedom Acquired By the Labouring People In the Modern Nations of Europe.
- Section IV: Political Consequences of Slavery.
- Appendix 1: Note On the Editions
- Appendix 2: Millar’s Preface to the First Edition
- Appendix 3: Millar’s “lectures On Government”
A NOTE ON THE TEXT
This edition reproduces the fourth edition of Millar’s Ranks. A discussion of changes in the various editions can be found in appendix 1. Although the fourth edition was posthumous, it is in fact identical to the third edition, the final lifetime edition, except for the addition of Craig’s Preface.
Millar documented his arguments in the Ranks and provided many footnotes, whose contents range from accurate titles and page numbers to far more elusive references. I have tried to fill in the references wherever possible and provide notes wherever necessary. I have for the most part erred on the side of parsimony, adding notes to Millar’s text only when required for the ease of the reader. My additions to Millar’s notes are enclosed in a double set of square brackets.
The text has been corrected only when there are clear typographical errors or spelling mistakes, and all such errors have been corrected without comment. Page breaks in the fourth edition are indicated here by the use of angle brackets. For example, page 112 begins after<112>. In addition, the errata from the third edition have been incorporated and flagged with footnotes.