CCXLIX: TO SARAH FRANKLIN - Benjamin Franklin, The Works of Benjamin Franklin, Vol. IV Letters and Misc. Writings 1763-1768 
The Works of Benjamin Franklin, including the Private as well as the Official and Scientific Correspondence, together with the Unmutilated and Correct Version of the Autobiography, compiled and edited by John Bigelow (New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1904). The Federal Edition in 12 volumes. Vol. IV (Letters and Misc. Writings 1763-1768).
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- The Works of Benjamin Franklin, Volume IV: Correspondence and Miscellaneous Writings
- 1763: CCXXXVI: To William Greene, Warwic, Rhode Island
- CCXXXVII: To Mrs. Catherine Greene
- CCXXXVIII: To Mrs. Catherine Greene
- CCXXXIX: To William Strahan
- 1764: Ccxl: to Miss Mary Stevenson
- Ccxli: to William Strahan
- Ccxlii: to Mrs. Catherine Greene
- Ccxliii.: to William Strahan
- Ccxliv: to Jonathan Williams
- Ccxlv: to George Whitefield
- Ccxlvi: to William Strahan
- 1765: Ccxlvii: to William Strahan
- Ccxlviii: to Jonathan Williams
- Ccxlix: to Sarah Franklin
- Ccl: to Mrs. Deborah Franklin
- Ccli: a Narrative
- Cclii: Cool Thoughts On the Present Situation of Our Public Affairs 1
- Ccliii: Petition to the King For Changing the Proprietary Government of Pennsylvania Into a Royal Government
- Ccliv: Remarks On a Particular Militia Bill Rejected By the Proprietor’s Deputy, Or Governor
- Cclv: Preface
- Cclvi: Remarks On a Late Protest Against the Appointment of Mr. Franklin As Agent For the Province of Pennsylvania
- Cclvii: to Mrs. Deborah Franklin
- Cclviii: From Joseph Galloway to B. Franklin
- Cclix: From Mrs. Franklin to Her Husband
- Cclx: to the Editor of a Newspaper
- Cclxi: to Lord Kames, At Edinburgh
- Cclxii: to Lord Kames
- Cclxiii: to Mrs. Deborah Franklin
- Cclxiv: to Peter Franklin, At Newport
- Cclxv: to Hugh Roberts
- Cclxvi: to Charles Thomson
- Cclxvii: to Mrs. Deborah Franklin
- 1766: Cclxviii: Letter Concerning the Gratitude of America and the Probability and Effects of a Union With Great Britain; and Concerning the Repeal Or Suspension of the Stamp Act
- Cclxix: the Examination of Dr. Benjamin Franklin In the British House of Commons Relative to the Repeal of the American Stamp Act, In 1766 1
- Cclxx: to Mrs. Deborah Franklin
- Cclxxi: to Mrs. Deborah Franklin
- Cclxxii: to Hugh Roberts
- Cclxxiii: to Charles Thomson
- Cclxxiv: to Mrs. Deborah Franklin
- Cclxxv: to Thomas Ronayne, At Cork 1
- Cclxxvi: to Jonathan Williams
- Cclxxvii: to Cadwallader Evans
- Cclxxviii: Mode of Ascertaining Whether the Power, Giving a Shock to Those Who Touch Either the Surinam Eel Or the Torpedo, Be Electrical.
- Cclxxix: to Mrs. Deborah Franklin
- Cclxxx: From William Franklin
- Cclxxxi: to Mrs. Mary Franklin
- Cclxxxii: to Charles Thomson
- Cclxxxiii: to Mrs. Deborah Franklin
- Cclxxxiv: Remarks On a Plan For the Future Management of Indian Affairs 1
- Cclxxxv: Hints For a Reply to the Protests of Certain Members of the House of Lords Against the Repeal of the Stamp Act.
- Cclxxxvi: Observations On Passages In “a Letter From a Merchant In London to His Nephew In North America”
- Cclxxxvii: Observations On Passages In a Pamphlet Entitled “good Humor, Or Away With the Colonies” 1
- Cclxxxviii: From William Franklin
- 1767: Cclxxxix: to Lord Kames
- CCXC: To Cadwallader Evans
- CCXCI: To Joseph Galloway 1
- CCXCII: To Miss Mary Stevenson
- CCXCIII: To Mrs. Deborah Franklin
- CCXCIV: Protective Duties On Imports and How They Work
- CCXCV: To Samuel Franklin, Boston 1
- CCXCVI: To Mrs. Deborah Franklin
- CCXCVII: To George Crogan
- CCXCVIII: To Joseph Galloway
- CCXCIX: To William Franklin, Governor of New Jersey
- CCC: To Miss Stevenson
- CCCI: Of Lightning and the Methods (now Used In America) of Securing Buildings and Persons From Its Mischievous Effects.
- CCCII: On Smuggling and Its Various Species 1
- CCCIII: To William Franklin
- CCCIV: To Joseph Galloway
- CCCV: To John Ross
- CCCVI: To William Franklin
- CCCVII: From Thomas Pownall to B. Franklin
- CCCVIII: On the Price of Corn, and Management of the Poor
- CCCIX: The Right of Impressing Seamen Remarks On Judge Foster’s Argument In Favor of the Right. 1
- CCCX: Vindication of the Provincial Paper-money System. 1
- 1768: CCCXI: To William Franklin
- CCCXII: To Joseph Galloway
- CCCXIII: Causes of the American Discontents Before 1768. 1
- CCCXIV: To M. Dalibard
- CCCXV: To Mrs. Deborah Franklin
- CCCXVI: To Joseph Galloway
- CCCXVII: To Cadwallader Evans 1
- CCCXVIII: To Thomas Wharton
- CCCXIX: To Lord Kames
- CCCXX: From Joseph Galloway to B. Franklin
- CCCXXI: To William Franklin
- CCCXXII: To the Committee of Correspondence In Pennsylvania
- CCCXXIII: Walpole’s Grant
- CCCXXIV: To Joseph Galloway
- CCCXXV: To the Committee of Correspondence In Pennsylvania
- CCCXXVI: To William Franklin
- CCCXXVII: On the Laboring Poor
- CCCXXVIII: Some Good Whig Principles. 1
- CCCXXIX: Preface to the “letters From a Farmer In Pennsylvania.” 1
- CCCXXX: To Sir John Pringle
- CCCXXXI: To John Ross
- CCCXXXII: To Joseph Galloway
- CCCXXXIII: To Oliver Neave
TO SARAH FRANKLIN
Reedy Island, 7 at night, 8 November, 1764.
My Dear Sally:—
We got down here at sunset, having taken in more live stock at Newcastle, with some other things we wanted. Our good friends, Mr. Galloway, Mr. Wharton and Mr. James, came with me in the ship from Chester to Newcastle, and went ashore there. It was kind to favor me with their good company as far as they could. The affectionate leave taken of me by so many friends at Chester was very endearing. God bless them and all Pennsylvania.
My dear child, the natural prudence and goodness of heart God has blessed you with makes it less necessary for me to be particular in giving you advice. I shall therefore only say that the more attentively dutiful and tender you are towards your good mamma, the more you will recommend yourself to me. But why should I mention me when you have a so much higher promise in the commandments that such conduct will recommend you to the favor of God. You know I have many enemies, all indeed on the publick account (for I cannot recollect that I have in a private capacity given just cause of offence to any one whatever), yet they are enemies, and very bitter ones, and you must expect their enmity will extend in some degree to you, so that your slightest indiscretions will be magnified into crimes in order the more sensibly to wound and afflict me. It is therefore the more necessary for you to be extremely circumspect in all your behaviour, that no advantage may be given to their malevolence.
Go constantly to church, whoever preaches. The act of devotion in the Common Prayer Book is your principal business there, and if properly attended to will do more toward amending the heart than sermons generally can do. For they were composed by men of much greater piety and wisdom than our common composers of sermons can pretend to be, and therefore I wish you would never miss the prayer days; yet I do not mean you should despise sermons, even of the preachers you dislike, for the discourse is often much better than a man, as sweet and clear waters come through very dirty earth. I am the more particular on this head, as you seemed to express a little before I came away some inclination to leave our church, which I would not have you do.
For the rest, I would only recommend to you in my absence to acquire those useful accomplishments, arithmetic and book-keeping. This you might do with ease if you would resolve not to see company on the hours you set apart for those studies.
We expect to be at sea to-morrow if this wind holds, after which I shall have no opportunity of writing to you till I arrive (if it please God I do arrive) in England. I pray that his blessing may attend you, which is worth more than a thousand of mine, though they are never wanting. Give my love to your brother and sister, as I cannot write to them, and remember me affectionately to the young ladies, your friends, and to our good neighbors. I am, my dear child, your affectionate father,
The fury of partisanship was at its height in Pennsylvania at this time. And no one felt the effects of it more than Franklin. For an intelligent apprehension of the questions which divided the people see the Doctor’s tract entitled Cool Thoughts; and also his Preface to Galloway’s Speech, and Remarks on a Late Protest. John Dickinson, in the Assembly, denounced his selection as agent of the province as the most obnoxious to his country that could have been made. “The gentleman proposed,” he said, “has been called ‘a great luminary of the learned world.’ I acknowledge his abilities. Far be it from me to detract from the merit I admire. Let him still shine; but without wrapping his country in flames.”
Even the aid of the muses was invoked by the opposition. The following lines, which owe their existence to the dissensions between the popular and the proprietary portion, are believed to have been written by Hannah Griffiths, of Philadelphia:
“Inscription on a curious Stove in the form of an Urn, contrived in such a Manner as to make the Flame descend instead of rising from the Fire. Invented by Dr. Franklin.
The following note is appended to this poem in the Franklin collection:
- Like a Newton sublimely he soared
- To a summit before unattained,
- New regions of science explored,
- And the palm of philosophy gained.
- With a spark which he caught from the skies,
- He displayed an unparalleled wonder,
- For we saw with delight and surprise
- That his rod could defend us from thunder.
- Oh! had he been wise to pursue
- The track for his talent designed,
- What a tribute of praise had been due
- To the teacher and friend of mankind.
- But to covet political fame
- Was in him a degrading ambition,
- For a spark which from Lucifer came,
- Had kindled the blaze of sedition.
- Let candor then write on his urn:
- ‘Here lies the renowned inventor,
- Whose flame to the skies ought to burn,
- But inverted descends to the centre.’ ”
“Dr. Benjamin Franklin invented the Empyreal Stove for inverting or turning the smoke downwards. When they were first offered to the public, it is said, a gentleman wrote the above lines, and attached them to one of these inverted stoves.”
William Franklin, Governor of New Jersey, and his wife.