Front Page Titles (by Subject) CHAPTER II: RELATIVE IMPORTANCE OF DIFFERENT INDUSTRIES - The Comedy of Protection
The Online Library of Liberty
A project of Liberty Fund, Inc.
CHAPTER II: RELATIVE IMPORTANCE OF DIFFERENT INDUSTRIES - Yves Guyot, The Comedy of Protection 
The Comedy of Protection, trans. M.A. Hamilton (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1906).
About Liberty Fund:
Liberty Fund, Inc. is a private, educational foundation established to encourage the study of the ideal of a society of free and responsible individuals.
The text is in the public domain.
Fair use statement:
This material is put online to further the educational goals of Liberty Fund, Inc. Unless otherwise stated in the Copyright Information section above, this material may be used freely for educational and academic purposes. It may not be used in any way for profit.
RELATIVE IMPORTANCE OF DIFFERENT INDUSTRIES
“The greatest number”—Protected industries and labour.
I shall first examine the relative importance of different industries, to see whether Protection is an advantage to the majority. According to the 1896 census of persons employed in professions and industry in seventeen out of eighty-seven departments, more than 40 per cent. of the population is employed in industry. In order of diminishing proportion they are: The Nord, Belfort, Rhône, Loire, Seine, Ardennes, Vosges, Bouches du Rhône, Meurthe et Moselle, Seine Inférieure, Somme, Pas de Calais, l’Oise, l’Aisne, l’Aube, Seine et Oise, Marne. Taking a hundred as the total of industry properly so called, the order of importance relative to the number of persons employed is as follows:—
In France the extractive industries, e.g., coalmining and quarrying, are relatively small; the metal trade, which produces the raw material for ironworkers, engineers, and smiths, stands only seventeenth out of twenty-one; spinning and weaving is 30 per cent. below the cloth trade. The industries which produce raw materials or goods for further manufacture are protected at the expense of those which employ skilled labour.