Front Page Titles (by Subject) CHAPTER VIII: RESULTS OF THE 1860 TREATIES - The Comedy of Protection
CHAPTER VIII: RESULTS OF THE 1860 TREATIES - Yves Guyot, The Comedy of Protection 
The Comedy of Protection, trans. M.A. Hamilton (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1906).
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RESULTS OF THE 1860 TREATIES
Development of cotton-spinning—Funds for the unemployed—Tables from 1859 to 1879—Growth in wealth.
The justification of economic reaction, urged in season and out of season by those who encouraged it, was that France had been ruined by the commercial treaties of 1860, although ten years after their conclusion she had been able to sustain the disasters of the war of 1870. The lamentations of the cotton-spinners were the loudest of all: had they been justified they must have closed their factories and ceased to import raw cotton; as a matter of fact, in spite of the loss of Alsace-Lorraine, importation increased, as the table shows:—
It is worth notice that the War of Secession took place during the years following the treaty, and made it difficult to obtain a supply of cotton. In 1863 the Government handed to the manufacturers a sum of £40,000, to be used in assisting the unemployed cotton hands. In his evidence before the Senate’s Committee of Inquiry, M. Delessalle admitted frankly that the motive used to obtain this sum was a mere pretex. “M. Pouyer-Quertier, president of a society for assisting the unemployed, knows as well as I do that for want of people to assist another use has been found for a large portion of the fund.” It would be interesting to know the use made with so little ceremony of funds diverted from their proper purpose. The cotton-spinners resented the treaty because it had forced them to improve their plant, and had hastened the substitution of mechanical for manual labour. Since, however, the number of factories had increased, and the horse-power of the engines employed, it is not easy to draw, with M. Pouyer-Quertier, the conclusion that the industry has been ruined. Figures disprove it:—
|No. of Factories.||Horse Power.|
There was an immense expansion in all trades:—
|1859||19,947,000 tons.||Carried 5,660 miles.|
|1879||68,801,000 tons.||Carried 14,230 miles.|
Vessels, with Cargo, issuing from French Ports.
|1859.||3,036,000, of which 1,473,000 carried the French flag.|
|1879.||6,254,000 of which 2,655,000 carried the French flag.|
It is true that the rise in imports was greater in proportion than the rise in exports; but the latter had kept up even after deducting the exceptional years after the war, 1872 to 1875.
Value of Assessed Inheritance.
In spite of the loss of Alsace-Lorraine, the heavy war indemnity, and the losses of every sort that followed the campaign, the succession dues show a rise of 95 per cent. It is safe to conclude that the treaties had not ruined France.