§ 228.: Regulation of the sale of patented articles.— - Christopher G. Tiedeman, A Treatise on State and Federal Control of Persons and Property in the United States considered from both a Civil and Criminal Standpoint, vol. 2 
A Treatise on State and Federal Control of Persons and Property in the United States considered from both a Civil and Criminal Standpoint (St. Louis: The F.H. Thomas Law Book Co., 1900). Vol. 2.
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- State and Federal Control of Persons and Property. Vol. II.
- Chapter X.: State Regulations of Real Property.
- § 133.: What Is Meant By “private Property In Lands?”—
- § 134.: Regulation of Estates—vested Rights.—
- § 135.: Interests In Expectancy.—
- § 136.: Limitation of the Right of Acquisition.—
- § 137.: Regulation of the Right of Alienation.—
- § 137 A.: the Right of Testamentary Alienation and Intestate Succession—taxation of Inheritances.—
- § 138.: Involuntary Alienation.—
- § 139.: Eminent Domain—general Propositions. 2 —
- § 140.: Exercise of Power Regulated By Legislature.—
- § 141.: Public Purpose, What Is A.—
- § 142.: What Property May Be Taken.—
- § 143.: What Constitutes a Taking.—
- § 144.: Compensation, How Ascertained.—
- § 145.: Regulation of the Use of Lands—what Is a Nuisance?—
- § 146.: What Is a Nuisance, a Judicial Question.—
- § 147.: The Regulation of Unwholesome and Objectionble Trades.—
- § 148.: Regulation of Mines and Mineral Products.—
- § 149.: Regulation of Burial-grounds.—
- § 150.: Laws Regulating the Construction of Buildings In Cities.—
- § 151.: Regulation of the Right to Hunt Game and to Catch Fish. 3 —
- § 152.: Abatement of Nuisances—destruction of Buildings.—
- § 153.: How Far Use of Land May Be Controlled By Requirement of License?—
- § 154.: Improvement of Property At the Expense and Against the Will of the Owner.—
- § 155.: Regulation of Non-navigable Streams—fisheries.—
- § 156.: Conversion of Non-navigable Into Navigable Streams.—
- § 157.: Statutory Liability of Lessors For the Acts of Lessees.—
- § 158.: Search Warrants—sanitary Inspection.—
- § 159.: Quartering Soldiers In Private Dwellings.—
- § 160.: Taxation—kinds of Taxes.—
- § 161.: Limitations Upon Legislative Authority.—
- Chapter XI.: State Regulation of Personal Property.
- § 162.: Laws Regulating the Creation and Acquisition of Interests In Personal Property—real and Personal Property Herein Distinguished.—
- § 163.: Statute of Uses and Rule Against Perpetuity As Regulations of Personal Property.—
- § 164.: Regulation and Prohibition of the Sale of Personal Property.—
- § 165.: Laws Regulating Disposition of Personal Property By Will. 2 —
- § 166.: Involuntary Alienation.—
- § 167.: Control of Property By Guardian.—
- § 168.: Destruction of Personal Property On Account of Illegal Use. 2 —
- § 169.: Destruction of Personal Property In the Interest of Public Health.—
- § 170.: Laws Regulating the Use of Personal Property.—
- § 171.: Prohibition of Possession of Certain Property.—
- § 172.: Regulation and Prohibition of Manufacture of Certain Property.—
- § 173.: Carrying of Concealed Weapons Prohibited.—
- § 174.: Miscellaneous Regulations of the Use of Personal Property.—
- § 175.: Laws Regulating Use and Keeping of Domestic Animals.—
- § 176.: Keeping of Dogs.—
- § 177.: Laws For the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.—
- § 178.: Regulation of Contracts and Rights of Action.—
- § 179.: Regulation of Ships and Shipping.—
- Chapter XII.: State Regulation of the Relation of Husband and Wife.
- § 180.: Marriage, a Natural Status, Subject to Police Regulation.—
- § 181.: Constitutional Limitations Upon the Police Control of Marriages.—
- § 182.: Distinction Between Natural Capacity and Legal Capacity.—
- § 183.: Insanity As a Legal Incapacity.—
- § 184.: The Disability of Infancy In Respect to Marriage.—
- § 185.: Consanguinity and Affinity.—
- § 186.: Constitutional Diseases.—
- § 187.: Financial Condition—poverty.—
- § 188.: Differences In Race—miscegenation.—
- § 189.: Polygamy Prohibited—marriage Confined to Monogamy.—
- § 190.: Marriage Indissoluble—divorce.—
- § 191.: Regulation of the Marriage Ceremony.—
- § 192.: Wife In Legal Subjection to the Husband—its Justification.—
- § 193.: Husband’s Control of Wife’s Property.—
- § 194.: Legal Disabilities of Married Women.—
- Chapter XIII.: State Regulation of the Relation of Parent and Child, and of Guardian and Ward.
- § 195.: Original Character of the Relation of Parent and Child—its Political Aspect.—
- § 196.: No Limitation to State Interference.—
- § 196a.: People V. Turner.—
- § 197.: Compulsory Education.—
- § 198.: The Child’s Right to Attend the Public School—separate Schools For Negro Children—expulsion From School Must Be For a Reasonable Cause.—
- § 199.: Parent’s Duty of Maintenance.—
- § 200.: Child’s Duty to Support Indigent Parents.—
- § 201.: Relation of Guardian and Ward Altogether Subject to State Regulation.—
- § 202.: Testamentary Guardians.—
- Chapter XIV.: Police Regulation of the Relation of Master and Servant.
- § 203.: Terms “master and Servant” Defined.—
- § 204.: Relation Purely Voluntary.—
- § 205.: Apprentices.—
- § 206.: Regulation of Private Employment.—
- § 207.: Public Employments.—
- Chapter XV.: State Regulation of Corporations.
- § 208.: The Inviolability of the Charters of Private Corporations.—
- § 209.: Police Control of Corporations.—
- § 210.: Freedom From State Control, As a Franchise.—
- § 211.: Police Regulations of Corporations In General.—
- § 212.: Laws Regulating Rates and Charges of Corporations.—
- § 213.: Regulation of Foreign Corporations.—
- § 214.: Regulations of Railroads.—
- Chapter XVI.: The Location of Police Power In the Federal System of Government.
- § 215.: The United States Government One of Enumerated Powers.—
- § 216.: Police Power Generally Resides In the States.—
- § 217.: Regulations Affecting Interstate Commerce.—
- § 218.: License Tax Upon Drummers and Peddlers.—
- § 219.: Taxation of Interstate Commerce.—
- § 220.: State Regulation and Prohibition of Interstate Commerce, Particularly, Articles of Merchandise.—
- § 221.: State Regulation of Railroads and Other Common Carriers, and of Their Business, When an Interference With Interstate Commerce.—
- § 222.: The Jurisdiction of Anti-trust Laws, National and State, As Affected By the Interstate Commerce Clause.—
- § 223.: Control of Navigable Streams.—
- § 224.: Regulation of Harbors—pilotage Laws.—
- § 225.: National and State Quarantine Laws.—
- § 226.: Regulation of Weights and Measures.—
- § 227.: Counterfeiting of Coins and Currency.—
- § 228.: Regulation of the Sale of Patented Articles.—
- § 229.: War and Rebellion. 5 —
- § 230.: Regulation of the Militia.—
- § 231.: Taxation.—
- § 232.: Regulation of Offenses Against the Law of Nations.—
- § 233.: The Exercise of Police Power By Municipal Corporations.—
Regulation of the sale of patented articles.—
The constitution of the United States contains also a provision, authorizing Congress to promote inventions by providing for the issue of exclusive patent rights to inventors. The power has been exercised, and the number of patented articles offered for sale in the United States is legion. In the exercise of the police power over trades and professions, the States very frequently establish regulations, which directly or indirectly interfere with or restrict the sale of patented articles, and the constitutionality of such regulations has often been questioned on that account. But they have been generally sustained, if they were in other respects free from constitutional objection. Thus, it was held to be lawful to restrain the sale of adulterated provisions without a stamp, although the article sold was patented. Congress cannot grant under the patent law the right to practice deception in the sale of adulterated articles; and if the adulterated article is injurious, when used in the manner for which it was intended, the sale of it may be prohibited altogether. But, unless there is fraud or deception in the manufacture of the patented article, it is very probable that the State could not nullify the patent by a prohibition of the sale of the patented article, on the ground that its sale involves elements of danger to the public.
Within this limitation, however, the sale of the patented article is subject to reasonable regulation by the State. For example, for the purpose of preventing fraudulent practices in the sale of patent rights, it was provided by statute in Indiana that vendors of patent rights shall file with the county clerk an authenticated copy of the letters-patent, with an affidavit that they are genuine and have not been revoked or annulled, and that the vendors have authority to sell. The statute was sustained as not being in violation of the rights of the patentee, nor an invasion of the jurisdiction of Congress. But a State law was declared in Nebraska to be unconstitutional, which provided that no one shall sell any patent right within the State until he has first submitted his letters-patent to a county judge and obtained his approval. It is also held to be constitutional for a State to impose a license tax upon the sale of patented articles by an ordinary trader, as, for example, peddlers of sewing machines. But it seems to be considered unconstitutional for a State to impose a license tax upon the sale by the patentee of his patented article.
United States Const., art. I., § 8, cl. 8.
Palmer v. State, 39 Ohio St. 236 (48 Am. Rep. 429). As to the general right of the State to regulate the sale of patented articles, see Jordan v. Overseers, 4 Ohio, 295; In re Brosnahan, 4 McCrary C. C. 1 (18 Fed. Rep. 62); Patterson v. Kentucky, 97 U. S. 501; Webber v. Virginia, 103 U. S. 344. See ante, pp. 412, 413, where it is explained how farpatented articles may be controlled by the anti-trust laws of the State.
Patterson v. Kentucky, 97 U. S. 501.
Brechbill v. Randall, 102 Ind. 528 (52 Am. Rep. 695).
Welch v. Phelps, 14 Neb. 134.
Howe Machine Co. v. Gage, ICO U. S. 676.
State v. Butler, 3 Lea (Tenn.), 222.