§ 227.: Counterfeiting of coins and currency.— - Christopher G. Tiedeman, A Treatise on State and Federal Control of Persons and Property in the United States considered from both a Civil and Criminal Standpoint, vol. 2 
A Treatise on State and Federal Control of Persons and Property in the United States considered from both a Civil and Criminal Standpoint (St. Louis: The F.H. Thomas Law Book Co., 1900). Vol. 2.
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- State and Federal Control of Persons and Property. Vol. II.
- Chapter X.: State Regulations of Real Property.
- § 133.: What Is Meant By “private Property In Lands?”—
- § 134.: Regulation of Estates—vested Rights.—
- § 135.: Interests In Expectancy.—
- § 136.: Limitation of the Right of Acquisition.—
- § 137.: Regulation of the Right of Alienation.—
- § 137 A.: the Right of Testamentary Alienation and Intestate Succession—taxation of Inheritances.—
- § 138.: Involuntary Alienation.—
- § 139.: Eminent Domain—general Propositions. 2 —
- § 140.: Exercise of Power Regulated By Legislature.—
- § 141.: Public Purpose, What Is A.—
- § 142.: What Property May Be Taken.—
- § 143.: What Constitutes a Taking.—
- § 144.: Compensation, How Ascertained.—
- § 145.: Regulation of the Use of Lands—what Is a Nuisance?—
- § 146.: What Is a Nuisance, a Judicial Question.—
- § 147.: The Regulation of Unwholesome and Objectionble Trades.—
- § 148.: Regulation of Mines and Mineral Products.—
- § 149.: Regulation of Burial-grounds.—
- § 150.: Laws Regulating the Construction of Buildings In Cities.—
- § 151.: Regulation of the Right to Hunt Game and to Catch Fish. 3 —
- § 152.: Abatement of Nuisances—destruction of Buildings.—
- § 153.: How Far Use of Land May Be Controlled By Requirement of License?—
- § 154.: Improvement of Property At the Expense and Against the Will of the Owner.—
- § 155.: Regulation of Non-navigable Streams—fisheries.—
- § 156.: Conversion of Non-navigable Into Navigable Streams.—
- § 157.: Statutory Liability of Lessors For the Acts of Lessees.—
- § 158.: Search Warrants—sanitary Inspection.—
- § 159.: Quartering Soldiers In Private Dwellings.—
- § 160.: Taxation—kinds of Taxes.—
- § 161.: Limitations Upon Legislative Authority.—
- Chapter XI.: State Regulation of Personal Property.
- § 162.: Laws Regulating the Creation and Acquisition of Interests In Personal Property—real and Personal Property Herein Distinguished.—
- § 163.: Statute of Uses and Rule Against Perpetuity As Regulations of Personal Property.—
- § 164.: Regulation and Prohibition of the Sale of Personal Property.—
- § 165.: Laws Regulating Disposition of Personal Property By Will. 2 —
- § 166.: Involuntary Alienation.—
- § 167.: Control of Property By Guardian.—
- § 168.: Destruction of Personal Property On Account of Illegal Use. 2 —
- § 169.: Destruction of Personal Property In the Interest of Public Health.—
- § 170.: Laws Regulating the Use of Personal Property.—
- § 171.: Prohibition of Possession of Certain Property.—
- § 172.: Regulation and Prohibition of Manufacture of Certain Property.—
- § 173.: Carrying of Concealed Weapons Prohibited.—
- § 174.: Miscellaneous Regulations of the Use of Personal Property.—
- § 175.: Laws Regulating Use and Keeping of Domestic Animals.—
- § 176.: Keeping of Dogs.—
- § 177.: Laws For the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.—
- § 178.: Regulation of Contracts and Rights of Action.—
- § 179.: Regulation of Ships and Shipping.—
- Chapter XII.: State Regulation of the Relation of Husband and Wife.
- § 180.: Marriage, a Natural Status, Subject to Police Regulation.—
- § 181.: Constitutional Limitations Upon the Police Control of Marriages.—
- § 182.: Distinction Between Natural Capacity and Legal Capacity.—
- § 183.: Insanity As a Legal Incapacity.—
- § 184.: The Disability of Infancy In Respect to Marriage.—
- § 185.: Consanguinity and Affinity.—
- § 186.: Constitutional Diseases.—
- § 187.: Financial Condition—poverty.—
- § 188.: Differences In Race—miscegenation.—
- § 189.: Polygamy Prohibited—marriage Confined to Monogamy.—
- § 190.: Marriage Indissoluble—divorce.—
- § 191.: Regulation of the Marriage Ceremony.—
- § 192.: Wife In Legal Subjection to the Husband—its Justification.—
- § 193.: Husband’s Control of Wife’s Property.—
- § 194.: Legal Disabilities of Married Women.—
- Chapter XIII.: State Regulation of the Relation of Parent and Child, and of Guardian and Ward.
- § 195.: Original Character of the Relation of Parent and Child—its Political Aspect.—
- § 196.: No Limitation to State Interference.—
- § 196a.: People V. Turner.—
- § 197.: Compulsory Education.—
- § 198.: The Child’s Right to Attend the Public School—separate Schools For Negro Children—expulsion From School Must Be For a Reasonable Cause.—
- § 199.: Parent’s Duty of Maintenance.—
- § 200.: Child’s Duty to Support Indigent Parents.—
- § 201.: Relation of Guardian and Ward Altogether Subject to State Regulation.—
- § 202.: Testamentary Guardians.—
- Chapter XIV.: Police Regulation of the Relation of Master and Servant.
- § 203.: Terms “master and Servant” Defined.—
- § 204.: Relation Purely Voluntary.—
- § 205.: Apprentices.—
- § 206.: Regulation of Private Employment.—
- § 207.: Public Employments.—
- Chapter XV.: State Regulation of Corporations.
- § 208.: The Inviolability of the Charters of Private Corporations.—
- § 209.: Police Control of Corporations.—
- § 210.: Freedom From State Control, As a Franchise.—
- § 211.: Police Regulations of Corporations In General.—
- § 212.: Laws Regulating Rates and Charges of Corporations.—
- § 213.: Regulation of Foreign Corporations.—
- § 214.: Regulations of Railroads.—
- Chapter XVI.: The Location of Police Power In the Federal System of Government.
- § 215.: The United States Government One of Enumerated Powers.—
- § 216.: Police Power Generally Resides In the States.—
- § 217.: Regulations Affecting Interstate Commerce.—
- § 218.: License Tax Upon Drummers and Peddlers.—
- § 219.: Taxation of Interstate Commerce.—
- § 220.: State Regulation and Prohibition of Interstate Commerce, Particularly, Articles of Merchandise.—
- § 221.: State Regulation of Railroads and Other Common Carriers, and of Their Business, When an Interference With Interstate Commerce.—
- § 222.: The Jurisdiction of Anti-trust Laws, National and State, As Affected By the Interstate Commerce Clause.—
- § 223.: Control of Navigable Streams.—
- § 224.: Regulation of Harbors—pilotage Laws.—
- § 225.: National and State Quarantine Laws.—
- § 226.: Regulation of Weights and Measures.—
- § 227.: Counterfeiting of Coins and Currency.—
- § 228.: Regulation of the Sale of Patented Articles.—
- § 229.: War and Rebellion. 5 —
- § 230.: Regulation of the Militia.—
- § 231.: Taxation.—
- § 232.: Regulation of Offenses Against the Law of Nations.—
- § 233.: The Exercise of Police Power By Municipal Corporations.—
Counterfeiting of coins and currency.—
It is also declared by the national constitution, that Congress may “provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United States.” There is no need of an express grant of this power, for it would be necessarily implied from the grant of power to regulate the coinage and currency of the United States. But the offense of counterfeiting is not only a crime against the United States government, but is also a trespass upon the rights of those who are induced to receive the counterfeit coin. The punishment of the offense against the government clearly comes within the jurisdiction of the United States. But, in the absence of an express prohibition, it would be competent for a State to punish counterfeiting, as an offense against the individual. Congress has lately passed an act providing for the punishment of counterfeiting the coins and currency of foreign nations; and a prosecution has been instituted in the United States Court at St. Louis, in a case in which a band of counterfeiters were convicted of the crime of counterfeiting the currency of Brazil. The constitutionality of the statute was attacked on the ground, that the power to punish the counterfeiting of foreign coin was not granted by the constitution, nor could it be implied from any express power; but the validity of the statute was sustained on the ground, that the power to enact it was included in the grant of the power to define and punish “offenses against the law of nations.” There can be no doubt of the correctness of this decision.
When the wrong done to the individual, by receiving a counterfeit bill or coin, is alone considered, it is clearly a subject for the State police regulation, and cannot be considered a subject for Congressional legislation, whether the coin that is counterfeited is foreign or domestic. But when the wrong to the government, whose coin or currency is counterfeited, is considered, the character of the offense is changed. Instead of being a subject of internal police regulation, exclusively, it constitutes a subject of international law. It is an offense against the law of nations. And although it might not be declared to be so by the existing code of international law, Congress is given the power to define, as well as punish, offenses against the law of nations, and it can undoubtedly, in the exercise of this power, provide for punishing the counterfeiting of foreign coin. The exercise by Congress of this implied power will not exclude the States from the exercise of their ordinary police power over the offense against the individual who has been wronged by the deception.
U. S. Const., art. I., § 8, cl. 6.
Story on Constitution, § 1123.
Fox v. Ohio, 5 How. 410. See United States v. Marigold, 9 How. 560; Moore v. Illinois, 14 How. 13.
U. S. Const., art. I., § 8, cl. 10.
This was affirmed in United States v. Arjona, 120 U. S. 479.