Sect. II.—: Other Effects of the French Revolution. Abolition of Penal Laws. - Gustave de Beaumont, Ireland: Social, Political, and Religious, vol. 1 
Ireland: Social, Political, and Religious, ed. W.C. Taylor (London: Richard Bentley, 1839). Vol. 1.
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- Ireland: Social, Political, and Religious. Vol. I: Historical Introduction.
- First Epoch.: From 1169 to 1535.
- Chapter I.
- Sect. I.—: Political Condition of Ireland In the Twelfth Century.
- Sect. II.—: The Still Recent Invasion of the Danes.
- Sect. III.—: Influence of the Court of Rome.
- Chapter II.
- Sect. I.—: Political Condition of the Irish an Obstacle to the Conquest.
- Sect. II.—: Second Obstacle to the Completion of the Conquest: the Relation of the Anglo-norman Conquerors to England, and of England to Them.
- Sect. III. —: Third Obstacle to the Conquest; the Condition Imposed On the Natives By the Conquerors.
- Second Epoch.: From 1535 to 1690.
- Chapter I.: Religious Wars.
- Sect. I.—: How, When England Became Protestant, It Must Have Desired That Ireland Should Become So Likewise.
- Sect. II.—: Of the Causes That Prevented Ireland From Becoming Protestant.
- Sect. III.—: How England Rendered Ireland Protestant—protestant Colonisation—elizabeth and James I.
- Sect. IV.—: Protestant Colonisation—charles I.
- Sect. V.—: Civil War—the Republic—cromwell.
- Sect. VI.—: The Restoration of Charles II.
- Third Epoch,: From 1688 to 1755.
- Chapter I.: Legal Persecution.
- Chapter II.: The Penal Laws.
- Special Character of the Penal Laws.
- Another Special Character of the Penal Laws.
- Legal Persecution Was Not Restrained By the Limits of Law.
- Why Persecutions Continued When Religious Passion Ceased.
- Which of the Penal Laws Were Executed, and Which Not.
- The Whiteboys.
- Fourth Epoch,: From 1776 to 1829. Revival and Enfranchisement of Ireland.
- Chapter I.: Effects of American Independence On Ireland.
- Sect. I.—: First Reform of the Penal Laws, 1778.
- Sect. II.—: Second Effect of American Independence On Ireland, (1778 to 1779.) the Irish Volunteers.
- Sect. III.—: Independence of the Irish Parliament.
- Sect. IV.—: Legal Consequences of the Declaration of Irish Independence.
- Sect. V. 1782.—: Abolition of Certain Penal Laws. Consequences of the Declaration of Parliamentary Independence.
- Sect. VI.—: Continuation of the Volunteer Movement. Convention of 1783.
- Sect. VII.—: Corruption of the Irish Parliament.
- Sect. VIII.—: Is a Servile Parliament of Any Use?
- Chapter II.: The French Revolution—its Effects In Ireland.
- Sect. I.: 1789.
- Sect. II.—: Other Effects of the French Revolution. Abolition of Penal Laws.
- Sect. III.—: Other Consequences of the French Revolution.—re-action.
- Sect. IV.—: French Invasion of Ireland. Insurrection of 1798.
- Consequences of the Insurrection of 1798.— The Union.
- Constitutional and Political Effect of the Union.
- Chapter III.: Catholic Emancipation In 1829.
- First Part: Ireland, Social, Political, and Religious.
- Chapter I.: External Appearance of Ireland. Misery of Its Inhabitants.
- Chapter II.: A Bad Aristocracy Is the Primary Cause of All the Evils of Ireland.—the Faults of This Aristocracy Are, That It Is English and Protestant.
- Section I.: Civil Consequences.
- Section II.: Political Consequences.
- Subsection I.—: The State.
- Subsection II.: Influence of the Same Principle On the Institutions of the County.
- Subsection III.: Influence of the Same Principle In the Municipal Corporations.
- Subsection IV.—: Influence of the Same Principle On the Parish.
- Section III.: Religious Consequences.
Other Effects of the French Revolution. Abolition of Penal Laws.
England, hearing the echoes of the French revolution in Ireland, in order to calm the popular passions, hastened to make some of the concessions loudly demanded by the reformers.
In the first place, the bar was opened to Catholics; the right of taking more apprentices than two was conceded to Catholic merchants and artisans; the law which prohibited marriages between Catholics and Protestants was abolished.
Other concessions were soon added to these. At the beginning of the war with France in 1793, the English government, feeling the necessity of tranquillising Ireland, abolished the most severe laws which still pressed on the Catholics. Thus the law of conformity to the Anglican rites was abolished; the penalties against Catholic instruction were removed; the elective franchise was given to Catholics; but they were not yet made eligible to parliament. Finally, with a few reservations, they were admitted to all civil and military employments in the state and the municipal corporations.
The preceding reforms compose what is sometimes called the third emancipation of Ireland, or the emancipation of 1793. The first was produced by the American war; the second by the independence of the Irish Parliament; and the third emanated directly from the French revolution.
In 1792, the Catholic petition was rejected with the greatest contumely; in 1793, more favours than that petition sought were granted.
1792, 32 Geo. III. ch. xxi.
1793, 33 Geo. III. ch. xxi. These concessions would have been more full and complete, had not a portion of the Catholic aristocracy declared themselves satisfied with a part when so much was still due. To this dereliction of their own rights and those of their countrymen may be attributed no small amount of the subsequent evils of Ireland.—Tr.
The clauses admitting the Catholics to municipal offices were clogged by subsequent provisos which neutralised their effects. The corporations took advantage of the legislative blunder, and, in spite of the manifest design of the law, Catholics are, in many places, practically excluded to the present hour.—Tr.