Front Page Titles (by Subject) Sect. III.—: Independence of the Irish Parliament. - Ireland: Social, Political, and Religious, vol. 1
Sect. III.—: Independence of the Irish Parliament. - Gustave de Beaumont, Ireland: Social, Political, and Religious, vol. 1 
Ireland: Social, Political, and Religious, ed. W.C. Taylor (London: Richard Bentley, 1839). Vol. 1.
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- Ireland: Social, Political, and Religious. Vol. I: Historical Introduction.
- First Epoch.: From 1169 to 1535.
- Chapter I.
- Sect. I.—: Political Condition of Ireland In the Twelfth Century.
- Sect. II.—: The Still Recent Invasion of the Danes.
- Sect. III.—: Influence of the Court of Rome.
- Chapter II.
- Sect. I.—: Political Condition of the Irish an Obstacle to the Conquest.
- Sect. II.—: Second Obstacle to the Completion of the Conquest: the Relation of the Anglo-norman Conquerors to England, and of England to Them.
- Sect. III. —: Third Obstacle to the Conquest; the Condition Imposed On the Natives By the Conquerors.
- Second Epoch.: From 1535 to 1690.
- Chapter I.: Religious Wars.
- Sect. I.—: How, When England Became Protestant, It Must Have Desired That Ireland Should Become So Likewise.
- Sect. II.—: Of the Causes That Prevented Ireland From Becoming Protestant.
- Sect. III.—: How England Rendered Ireland Protestant—protestant Colonisation—elizabeth and James I.
- Sect. IV.—: Protestant Colonisation—charles I.
- Sect. V.—: Civil War—the Republic—cromwell.
- Sect. VI.—: The Restoration of Charles II.
- Third Epoch,: From 1688 to 1755.
- Chapter I.: Legal Persecution.
- Chapter II.: The Penal Laws.
- Special Character of the Penal Laws.
- Another Special Character of the Penal Laws.
- Legal Persecution Was Not Restrained By the Limits of Law.
- Why Persecutions Continued When Religious Passion Ceased.
- Which of the Penal Laws Were Executed, and Which Not.
- The Whiteboys.
- Fourth Epoch,: From 1776 to 1829. Revival and Enfranchisement of Ireland.
- Chapter I.: Effects of American Independence On Ireland.
- Sect. I.—: First Reform of the Penal Laws, 1778.
- Sect. II.—: Second Effect of American Independence On Ireland, (1778 to 1779.) the Irish Volunteers.
- Sect. III.—: Independence of the Irish Parliament.
- Sect. IV.—: Legal Consequences of the Declaration of Irish Independence.
- Sect. V. 1782.—: Abolition of Certain Penal Laws. Consequences of the Declaration of Parliamentary Independence.
- Sect. VI.—: Continuation of the Volunteer Movement. Convention of 1783.
- Sect. VII.—: Corruption of the Irish Parliament.
- Sect. VIII.—: Is a Servile Parliament of Any Use?
- Chapter II.: The French Revolution—its Effects In Ireland.
- Sect. I.: 1789.
- Sect. II.—: Other Effects of the French Revolution. Abolition of Penal Laws.
- Sect. III.—: Other Consequences of the French Revolution.—re-action.
- Sect. IV.—: French Invasion of Ireland. Insurrection of 1798.
- Consequences of the Insurrection of 1798.— The Union.
- Constitutional and Political Effect of the Union.
- Chapter III.: Catholic Emancipation In 1829.
- First Part: Ireland, Social, Political, and Religious.
- Chapter I.: External Appearance of Ireland. Misery of Its Inhabitants.
- Chapter II.: A Bad Aristocracy Is the Primary Cause of All the Evils of Ireland.—the Faults of This Aristocracy Are, That It Is English and Protestant.
- Section I.: Civil Consequences.
- Section II.: Political Consequences.
- Subsection I.—: The State.
- Subsection II.: Influence of the Same Principle On the Institutions of the County.
- Subsection III.: Influence of the Same Principle In the Municipal Corporations.
- Subsection IV.—: Influence of the Same Principle On the Parish.
- Section III.: Religious Consequences.
Independence of the Irish Parliament.
Poyning’s Law, so called from the name of the viceroy during whose administration, in the time of Henry VII., it had been enacted, declared that no Irish parliament should be holden until “the causes and considerations” of its convocation, and the projects of laws to be discussed, had first been approved by the English government. This law, which rendered the Irish parliament absolutely dependent upon England, had never ceased to excite the complaints of Ireland. On the 19th of July 1782, the Irish parliament declared itself independent of the English parliament, and adopted the principle publicly deliberated by the volunteers, “That no power on earth, save the King, Lords, and Commons of Ireland, had the right to make laws binding on Ireland.”
Amongst the crowd of parliamentary combatants, one great chief deserves to be distinguished—Henry Grattan. It is rarely the privilege of an individual to bear so signal a part in a national movement, and to contribute so much to the success of an enterprise otherwise effected by general causes. It was in his living and powerful words that the Irish parliament sent this energetic address to the King.
“To assure his Majesty, that his subjects of Ireland are a free people. That the crown of Ireland is an imperial crown inseparably annexed to the crown of Great Britain, on which connexion the interests and happiness of both nations essentially depend: but that the kingdom of Ireland is a distinct kingdom, with a parliament of her own—the sole legislature thereof. That there is no body of men competent to make laws to bind this nation, except the King, Lords, and Commons of Ireland; nor any other parliament which hath any authority or power of any sort whatsoever in this country, save only the parliament of Ireland. To assure his Majesty, that we humbly conceive, that in this right the very essence of our liberties exists; a right which we, on the part of all the people of Ireland, do claim as their birthright, and which we cannot yield but with our lives.”
This address, supported by an army of nearly a hundred thousand men, had full success with the Irish parliament, which expressly abolished the laws on which England founded its right of predominance and legislative supremacy over Ireland.
The following statement of the Volunteer force is too important a document to be omitted:—
Abstract of the effective men in the different volunteer corps, whose delegates met at Dungannon, and those who acceded to their resolutions, and to the requisitions of the House of Commons of Ireland, the 16th of April; 1782, (viz. “That there is no body of men competent to make laws to bind this nation, except the King, Lords, and Commons of Ireland, nor any other parliament which hath any authority or power of any sort whatsoever in this country, save only the parliament of Ireland.
“That in this right, the very essence of our liberties exists: a right which we, on the part of the people of Ireland, do claim as their birthright, and which we cannot yield but with our lives.”)
EARL OF CHARLEMONT.
- Duke of Leinster,
- Earl of Tyrone,
- Earl of Aldborough,
- Lord de Vesci,
- Sir B. Denny,
- Right Hon. George Ogle,
- Sir James Tynte,
- Earl of Clanricarde,
- Earl of Muskerry,
- Sir William Parsons,
- Hon. J. Butler,
- Right Hon. Henry King.
PROVINCE OF ULSTER.
|Dungannon meeting, 153 corps||26,280|
|Twenty-one corps since acceded||3,938|
|Infantry since acceded, two battalions||1,250|
|Six corps of cavalry||200|
|Eight corps of artillery||420|
|Ulster Corps which have acceded since the 1st of April.|
|Thirty-five of infantry and one battalion||1,972|
|Two of cavalry||92|
|Total of Ulster||34,152|
|Total pieces of artillery||32|
PROVINCE OF CONNAUGHT.
|Ballinasloe meeting, fifty-nine corps||6,897|
|Thirty-nine corps of infantry who since acceded||5,781|
|Cavalry light corps||421|
Acceded since 1st of April.
|Four corps of infantry and one of cavalry,||987|
|Total of Connaught||14,336|
|Total pieces of artillery||20|
PROVINCE OF MUNSTER.
|City and county of Cork||5,123|
|Sixty-eight corps of infantry in the province||7,987|
|Cavalry of the province, returned fifteen corps||710|
|Artillery, nine corps||221|
Acceded since 1st of April.
|Fifteen corps of infantry||3,921|
|Two corps of cavalry||94|
|Total of Munster||11,056|
|Total pieces of artillery||34|
PROVINCE OF LEINSTER.
|One hundred and thirty-nine delegates met at Dublin, April 17th||11,983|
|Ten corps of cavalry who before acceded, and no delegates sent||580|
|Nineteen corps of infantry||4,398|
|Artillery, nine corps||322|
|Total of Leinster||22,283|
|Total of artillery||38|
|Twenty-two corps also acceded, but made no returns, estimated at||12,000|
|Making in all, nearly a general grand total of||100,000|
|Artillery, one hundred and thirty pieces.|