Front Page Titles (by Subject) THE WASHINGTON FAMILY. - The Writings of George Washington, vol. XIV (1798-1799)
THE WASHINGTON FAMILY. - George Washington, The Writings of George Washington, vol. XIV (1798-1799) 
The Writings of George Washington, collected and edited by Worthington Chauncey Ford (New York and London: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1890). Vol. XIV (1798-1799).
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- The Writings of George Washington.
- To James Anderson.
- To Alexander Hamilton.
- To Jeremy Belknap.
- To John Adams, President of the United States.
- To James Lloyd.
- To James Lloyd.
- To John Adams, President of the United States.
- To James Mchenry, Secretary of War.
- To James Mchenry, Secretary of War.
- To Sir John Sinclair.
- To Timothy Pickering, Secretary of State.
- To John Adams, President of the United States.
- To Alexander Hamilton. [private and Confidential.]
- To Henry Knox.
- To James Mchenry, Secretary of War.
- To James Anderson.
- To James Mchenry. [private.]
- To James Mchenry, Secretary of War.
- To Henry Knox.
- To Alexander Hamilton.
- To James Mchenry, Secretary of War. [private and Confidential.]
- To William Vans Murray.
- To Jonathan Boucher.
- To Bushrod Washington.
- To — Mcdowell. 1
- To James Mchenry, Secretary of War.
- To Alexander Spotswood.
- To James Mchenry, Secretary of War. [private and Confidential.]
- To James Mchenry, Secretary of War. [private and Confidential.]
- To John Adams, President of the United States.
- To James Mchenry, Secretary of War.
- To James Mchenry.
- To Timothy Pickering, Secretary of State.
- To Timothy Pickering, Secretary of State.
- To Henry Knox.
- To James Mchenry. [private and Confidential.]
- To James Mchenry, Secretary of War.
- To G. W. Snyder. 1
- To Timothy Pickering, Secretary of War.
- To Alexander Spotswood.
- To General Lafayette.
- To William Vans Murray. 1
- To David Stuart.
- To Bushrod Washington.
- To Patrick Henry. [confidential]
- To Bryan, Lord Fairfax.
- To James Washington.
- To David Stuart.
- To James Mchenry, Secretary of War. [private].
- To Timothy Pickering.
- To Alexander Hamilton, Major General. [private.]
- To Timothy Pickering, Secretary of State. [confidential.]
- To John Adams, President of the United States.
- To James Mchenry, Secretary of War.
- To Charles C. Pinckney, Major-general.
- To James Welch.
- To James Mchenry, Secretary of War. [private.]
- To John Marshall.
- To Alexander Hamilton, Major-general.
- To Archibald Blair. 2
- To John Trumbull.
- To Governor Jonathan Trumbull.
- To James Mchenry.
- To Robert Lewis.
- To Governor Jonathan Trumbull.
- To James Mchenry, Secretary of War. [private.]
- To James Mchenry, Secretary of War.
- To Alexander Hamilton, Major-general.
- To Lawrence Lewis.
- To Burges Ball.
- To William Vans Murray.
- To James Mchenry, Secretary of War. [private.]
- To James Anderson.
- River Farm
- To Alexander Hamilton.
- Extract From a Diary.
- Last Illness and Death. 1
- Particular Account of the Late Illness and Death of George Washington.
- Tobias Lear to William Augustine Washington.
- Tobias Lear to Col. Burges Ball.
- In Congress.
- Mrs. Washington to President Adams.
- Mrs. Washington to Governor Trumbull.
- The Will of George Washington. 1
- To Lund Washington.
- The Washington Family.
- Washington’s Aides-de-camp.
THE WASHINGTON FAMILY.
After a century of spasmodic research, the history of the ancestry of Washington cannot be written with accuracy or fulness. The records available are few and disconnected, and until the year 1889 an important link in the chain was wanting. The old pedigree had been discredited, and a new could not be framed. It was not even known in what part of England the needed evidence on which to base the new tree could be looked for, and in this wide field investigators must grope their way. It was idle to conjecture, for one guess was as good as another. Trickery and forgery were brought into the question, and the usual accompanying nonsense, which have thrown so much discredit upon genealogical writing. Nothing short of heroic origin must satisfy these charlatans; and so Odin is made the ancestor of Washington, and Rurik of Hamilton; and all between is composed of facts where they can be found, of manufactured evidence where required, and of stupid and clumsy compilation where the imagination failed. The result comes into the market to gull the public and mystify the reader; while clouding the subject for the student. I propose in this place to summarize what has been obtained in the century of investigation, eliminating, as far as possible, conjecture; or so distinguishing the assured from the doubtful, that no error can arise. In this, there is little original investigation, and the labors of others are freely drawn upon, full credit being given to each individual worker.
In December, 1791, Sir Isaac Heard, then Garter King of Arms in London, wrote to Washington, that he had investigated the English ancestry of the President, and desired to complete his record with such particulars as could be furnished by the family in America. To gratify this request, Washington addressed a number of his relations, asking them to supply what information they could, copies of wills, inscriptions on tombstones, and any documents that could throw light upon the matter. From such replies as he received, Washington drew up a paper, naturally imperfect, and confined to the immigrants into Virginia and their descendants. Of the English ancestry the President could only give a hint: “I have often heard others of the family, older than myself, say, that our ancestor, who first settled in this country, came from some one of the northern counties of England; but whether from Lancashire, Yorkshire, or one still more northerly, I do not precisely remember.” From the material at hand, Sir Isaac prepared a tentative genealogical table, which was sent to Mount Vernon; but Sir Isaac became unable to pursue the matter, and it was left in this incomplete condition.
It was ascertained, however, that two brothers were the first of the family to emigrate, settling in Virginia. Washington believed that they came over about 1657, and started from the north of England. Sir Isaac found recorded in the Visitation of Northamptonshire of 1618, the names of John and Lawrence Washington, described as sons of Lawrence Washington of Sulgrave, who had died in 1616. The year and the identity of names led Sir Isaac to believe that these were the brothers who emigrated, and he traced the descent of the President through this family of Northamptonshire, from one still more ancient in Lancashire. This pedigree did not completely satisfy Sir Isaac, who regarded it as conjectural, and left a note distinctly stating that he was by no means certain if the connection with the Sulgrave family was, or even could be, substantiated. When Baker prepared his history of Northamptonshire, he adopted the results obtained by Sir Isaac, but omitted to express any doubt of its finality. He asserted that the emigrant John, son of Lawrence Washington of Sulgrave, was of South Cave, co. York; and that his brother Lawrence was a student at Oxford in 1622, afterwards emigrating to America. This pedigree of Baker’s, passing into other compilations as authoritative, came to be received as definite and complete.
Mr. Sparks, when compiling the Writings of Washington, had access to all the manuscripts of Sir Isaac Heard, and, with the assistance of some county histories, prepared a statement of the “origin and genealogy of the Washington family.” This account was published in the appendix to his first volume; and while adding little of value to what the Garter King of Arms had discovered, became the basis of subsequent investigation; while the extended circulation of the volumes stamped the pedigree as of high authority. An important link was, however, wanting. Sir Isaac Heard thought the emigrants came from Northamptonshire, and traced their ancestors to Lancashire. Mr. Sparks found a parish, called Washington, in Durham, where persons of the name had resided towards the close of the twelfth century. It was supposed that the holder of the manor, William de Hertburn, or some descendant, assumed the local name. A William de Wessyngton was recorded as a witness about the middle of the thirteenth century. Before 1400 the manor had passed out of the male line of the family. Such remote and disconnected facts were of little service in determining the ancestors of the President in a direct line, and Mr. Sparks, making a long leap from these early records, located these ancestors in Whitfield and Wharton, in the county of Lancaster.
In 1860 a contribution to the subject was made by the rector of Brington, in Northamptonshire, in a story entitled The Washingtons; a Tale of a Country Parish in the 17th Century, Based on Authentic Documents. The “documents” were found in the parish register and among the manuscripts at Althorpe, the residence of the Spencers. The author of this story, Mr. John Nassau Simpkinson, brought to light some curious entries from the account books of the Spencer family, relating to the Washingtons, and attempted to identify the very house in Little Brington which was occupied by them—an attempt that subsequent investigation proved to have been without result. Mr. Simpkinson also made some corrections in Baker’s pedigree, of which I shall make use later. It cannot be said, however, that The Washingtons gave any reason for rejecting the Baker table so far as the immediate ancestors of the President were concerned.
In 1863 Mr. Isaac J. Greenwood suggested that Heard and Baker must be in error on a very important point, as the John and Lawrence Washington, whom they believed to have emigrated to Virginia, were too old at the date of the emigration to take so active a part. To obviate this difficulty Mr. Greenwood advanced the supposition that the emigrants might have been the sons of Sir William Washington of Packington, the eldest son of Lawrence Washington of Sulgrave. His doubts of the correctness of the Heard-Baker pedigree were fully verified in an essay in destructive criticism by Colonel Joseph Lemuel Chester, published in the Herald and Genealogist (London, September, 1866), and reprinted in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register (Boston, 1867). In this essay it was established that John, the son of Lawrence Washington of Sulgrave, was Sir John Washington of Thrapston, who was twice married, and whose second wife, Dame Dorothy, survived him. So it was not possible for this John Washington to have left the country and married in Virginia, as it was known the emigrant John did, and as the Greenwood supposition thus made an essential. Colonel Chester also showed that the children of the two John Washingtons were of different names: those of Sir John being Mordaunt, John, and Philip; while those of the emigrant were John, Lawrence, and Anne. As a further point against the Heard pedigree, he made the objection that Lawrence, brother of Sir John, was a clergyman of the Established church; and, on a forced construction of a sentence in John Walker’s work on the sufferings of the clergy in the rebellion, asserted that Lawrence continued in the profession of a clergyman in England for some years after the date of the emigration; while Lawrence, the emigrant, described himself as a “gentleman,” which he would hardly do was he in holy orders.
With this overturning in one point of the accepted pedigree, which naturally cast doubt upon the whole, Colonel Chester rested his case, and sought for the evidence which would enable him to prepare a correct one to take its place. In March, 1879, he published a letter in the New York World holding out a promise of something definite, but he died before this promise was fulfilled, and his papers and notes on the Washingtons passed into other hands, and have not yet been published.
Colonel Chester’s researches seemed to point to locating the immediate ancestors of Washington in Northants. In 1884-’85 Mr. Henry F. Waters, then engaged in genealogical research in England, took as a starting point the letters of administration which had been granted in England on the goods of Lawrence Washington of Virginia, as follows:
Mense Maij 1677 tricesimo die Emt Como Edmondo Jones principali creditori Laurentii Washington nuper de Luton in Comitatu Bedford sed apud Virginiã in partibus transmarinis decedeñ ad ads̃trand bona jura et credita dict deft de bene etc jurat. (Admon. Act Book, P. C. C.)
That paper led him to restrict the field of his search for the Washingtons—for the name is found in many counties of England—to the parish of Luton, in the southern part of Bedfordshire, and its immediate neighborhood. A suggestive piece of evidence was found among certain bonds once belonging to the Hitchin Registry of the Archdeaconry of Huntingdon. John Dagnall, of Grove in the parish of Tring, co. Herts, yeoman, and William Roades, of Middle Claydon, in co. Bucks, Gentleman, executed on 29 January, 1649 (50) a bond as administrators on the goods of Andrew Knowling, of Tring, during the minority of Lawrence Washington the younger, then fourteen years of age, and as guardians or curators of said Lawrence Washington.
In the will dated 13 January, 1649, Andrew Knowling made the following bequests:
Item I will give and bequeath unto Lawrance Washington the younger (my godsonne) all my freehould Landes and Tenemtes whatsoeur lying and being within the Parish of Tring aforesaid or else where within the Realme of England. To haue and to hould the same to him and his heires for euer. Item I give and bequeath unto Amphilis Washington my daughter in lawe (& mother of the said Lawrance) the some of Threescore poundes of Currt mony of England to be paid her within six months after my decease. Item I give and bequeath unto Elizabeth ffitzherbert one other of my daughters in Lawe the some of ffortye pounds of Currt mony to be paid in sorte and mannr as is last above menc̃oned. Item I give and bequeath unto William Roades my sonne in Lawe the some of Tenn poundes of Currt mony to be paid within sixe months next after my decease: Item I give and bequeath unto the said Elizabeth ffitzherbert all my corne & graine whatsoeur now within doores or without. Item I give and bequeath unto the Two daughters of my late daughter in Lawe Susan Billing deceased begotten of her body by her late husband John Billing of Lillington in the County of Buck, Tallowe Chaundler, Tenn poundes apeece to be paid within sixe months after my decease. And my will is that if either of the said Two children dye before her Legacie shalbecome due and payable Then I will that the Legacie of her dying shalbe paid to the other surviving. Item I give and bequeath unto John Washington, William Washington, Elizabeth Washington, Margarett Washington, & Martha Washington (children of the said Amphilis Washington my daughter in Lawe) The some of Eight and Twenty pounds a peece of Currt. mony to be paid to them att theire seu’all & respective Ages of One and Twenty years, To be putt out in the meane tyme for theire best benefitt & advantage * * * * All the rest of my goodes Cattles and chattles & personall estate not heerin given and disposed of, my debts and Legacies heerin giuen paid and my funrall chardges defrayed I give unto the said Lawrance Washington the younger my Godsonne whome I make sole and wholle executor of this my last will and Testament. * * *
This Andrew Knowling, it was inferred, married the widowed mother of William Roades, Amphillis Washington, Elizabeth Fitzherbert, and Susanna Billing; and, while the name of the husband of Amphillis Washington was not given, it was conjectured to be Lawrence, as the executor and residuary legatee in the will was called Lawrence the younger. Tring is a village of Hertfordshire, only a few miles from Luton, in the adjoining county of Bedford. And upon visiting that parish, Mr. Waters found some entries in the parish register which confirmed these conjectures.
The next clue found was a record in the Probate Court of Canterbury, showing that letters of administration had been issued on 8 February, 1655, to John Washington, “the nr̃all and lawfull sone of Amphillis Washington late of Tring in the County of Hertford dec̃d to ads̃ter the goodes Chẽlls and debtes of the said dec̃d.” Admon. Act Book (P. C. C.), 42. Mr. Waters based upon this document and the entries on the Tring register that “Mr. Lawrence Washington husband of Amphillis and father of John and Lawrence, had pre-deceased his wife; and that John Washington, to whom the letters of admon. issued, was the eldest son. As we have seen, Lawrence was baptized in the summer of 1635 and Elizabeth in 1636. John could not have been born later than 1634, and must have been at least twenty-one years of age at the grant of admon., and twenty-three in 1657, the date of the emigration.”
It was still in question if these Washingtons of Tring, John and Lawrence, were the emigrants to Virginia, and no light was thrown upon this question by the wills of William Roades or Elizabeth Fitzherbert. As the prefix “Mr.” on the church register indicated that Lawrence Washington was either a clergyman or a person of some importance, Mr. Waters suspected that he might be the Lawrence Washington who was the rector of Purleigh described by Col. Chester. He determined to examine carefully the papers connected with the probate of Andrew Knowling’s will, and found a bond of guardianship of John Dagnall, dated 29 January, 1649-50, as guardian and curator of the two daughters of John and Susanna Billing. Mr. Waters continues:
I then saw a little bit of paper, doubled or folded upon itself, * * * covered with writing. Seeing at a glance, that it was evidently an official memorandum of the issuing of the letters of guardianship and of the oath taken by Mr. Dagnall for the faithful performance of his trust, I did not read it through but at once set about copying it in full, little realizing the start of surprise and gratification I should experience when I should come to the end of what proved to be the most valuable and important bit of genealogical evidence that I ever saw or ever expect to see in the course of my gleanings. This little memorandum was as follows:—
Mdu qd 29° die Januarij Anno dñi 1649° apud Whethamsted concessæ fuerunt lr̃æ Curatoriæ ad lites duabus filiabus Susannæ Benning defi legatariis in testm̃o Andreæ Knowlinge precupac̃one legatorũ eisdem in dco testm̃o donat et de disposic̃oe eorundẽ ad usũ et commodũ dc̃arũ filiarũ duran earũ respẽ minori ætate et fidelr̃ se gereud etc. et de reddo Compto etc Johũi Dagnall de Grove Pochiæ de Tring Marito Elizabethæ Materteræ dc̃arũ filiaru iurat etc corã.
pñte me Guil: Rolfe
in Art: Mag̃ro Surrog̃: Offilis
etc, hac vice.
Oblig̃tur dc̃us Johẽs Dagnall in 50 [Editor: illegible character]
Here we have proof of identification, and of the most positive and conclusive character. There cannot be the least doubt that this Lawrence Washington, M.A., was the husband of Amphillis and the father of her children. He was there in the Archdeacon’s Court at Whethampsted, evidently to protect the interests of that wife and those children, who, under the will presented and allowed in court that day, were to receive the bulk of Mr. Knowling’s personal estate, while the second son, Lawrence, as the acknowledged heir of his godfather and the executor of his will, was to inherit the real estate of the deceased and all the residuum of the personal estate after the debts, legacies and funeral expenses and other charges should have been settled and paid. There can be but little doubt that this same Lawrence Washington, M. A., who was acting as temporary Surrogate in the Archdeacon’s Court on this occasion, was a clergyman; for that court was an ecclesiastical one, and the office of Surrogate in testamentary courts was usually, if not invariably, held by a clergyman. The father of these children, then was a clergyman and a Master of Arts. We have record of only one Lawrence Washington to whom that would apply, namely the fifth (?) son of Lawrence Washington of Sulgrave, brother of Sir William Washington of Packington, and of Sir John Washington of Thrapston. He was a student, Lector and Fellow of Brasenose, and in 1631 Proctor of the University of Oxford, and afterwards Rector of Purleigh. The long search after the true line of ancestry of our Washington, begun in 1791, was practically brought to a successful close when that little paper was discovered on Monday, the third of June, 1889.
Since the publication of Mr. Waters’ memoir, a number of other facts have been discovered that must contribute to a final determination of this vexed question, and there are rumors of important documents in the hands of individual investigators, as yet unpublished. At the present writing the facts seem to be as follows:—First, there is no doubt that the emigrants John and Lawrence of Virginia were the legatees under Andrew Knowling’s will, and that their mother was named Amphillis. Second, there is no moral doubt that their father was Mr. Lawrence Washington of Tring. Third, no trace has been found of any Lawrence Washington, M.A., in that generation, except the rector of Purleigh. Fourth, the rector of Purleigh, in all probability, after his ejectment therefrom, became a preacher at Little Braxted in Essex, and was buried, January 21, 1652, at Maldon, co. Essex, only three miles from Purleigh. Fifth, although it is possible that Lawrence Washington, M.A., was present at court in 1649 in the interest of the children of a namesake or cousin, yet this is a more violent supposition than that he was acting for his own children. In 1642 Lawrence Washington was ejected from Purleigh; in 1649 he was apparently a poor man, or at best a preacher in a living “so small that few would accept of it.” If he were the husband of Amphillis, there was every reason for him to attend the probate court to look after the bequest to his children. In 1652 Rev. Lawrence Washington died; in January, 1654-5 Mrs. Washington of Tring died, and in February her son John was appointed administrator. These latter dates all agree with the husband of Amphillis, who was most probably alive in January, 1649-50, when Andrew Knowling made his will.
We lack positive evidence that Rev. Lawrence Washington of Purleigh was the husband of Amphillis Washington of Tring, but so far nothing has appeared to make the identity improbable, and the coincidences in favor of it are numerous and very strong.
- 1.John Washington, of Whitfield, co. Lancaster.Issue:
- 2.John Washington (John1 ), of Whitfield.
- 3.Robert Washington (John1 ), of Warton, co. Lancaster. Described as second son, and gentleman. Married three times. By his first wife — Westfield he had issue
- 6.Ellen, married James Mason, of Warton.
- By his second wife — Whittington, daughter of Miles Whittington, of Barwick, co. Lancaster, he had:
- By his third wife, Agnes, daughter of — Bateman, of Haversham, co. Westmoreland, he had:
- 4.John Washington (Robert3 , John1 ), of Warton, co. Lancaster, married Margaret, daughter of Robert Kitson, of Warton, and sister of Sir Thomas Kitson, Kt., and Alderman of London. Sir Thomas was a great wool and cloth merchant. (Simpkinson, 308.)Issue:
- 16.Thomas (twice married).
- 17.Jane, married Humphrey Gardiner, of Cockerham, Lanc.
- 7.Robert Washington (Robert3 , John1 ).Issue;
- 12.Lawrence Washington (John4 , Robert3 , John1 ), of Northampton and Gray’s Inn; Mayor of Northampton, 1532. On the dissolution of the monasteries in 30 Hen. viii. (1538-9), Lawrence received a grant of a parcel of the dissolved priory of St. Andrew,—the manor of Sulgrave,—with all the lands in Sulgrave and Woodford, certain lands in Stotesbury and Colton near Northampton, that belonged to this priory, and all lands in Sulgrave belonging to the dissolved priories of Canons Ashby and Catesby. He died 19 February, 26 Elizabeth (1584). He was twice married: (1) Elizabeth, widow of William Gough of Northampton, who bore him no children; and (2) Anne (or Amy) Pargiter, daughter of Robert Pargiter, of Gretworth, gent. She died 7 October, 1564. Issue:
- 19.Robert, born circa 1543-4.
Baker merely says “two other sons.” Welles gives William and John, but no authority for his statement. Mr. J. Henry Lea found in the Malmsbury Abbey Register the will of Henry Washington, of Malmsbury, dated 2 July, 1570, mentioning wife, Agnes, and daughter, Elyn; also noted a George Washington, married Johann Hatt, 20 July, 1601, and buried 2 May, 1625. Mr. Lea conjectures that Henry and George were the two unnamed sons of Lawrence.
- 23.Frances, married John Thompson, of Sulgrave.
- 24.Anne, married Edmund Foster, of Hanslop, Bucks.
- 25.Elizabeth, married Henry Marshall.
Mr. Waters prints, p. 40, the will of Simon Heynes of Towerstone (Turweston) in the county of Bucks, Esq., dated 20 December, 1626, and proved 17 May, 1628. In it he said: “As touching my freehold lands called Millfield, lying in Stuttesbury, Northampton, which I heretofore purchased of my cousin Lawrence Washington, of the King’s Majesty in capite, I dispose, &c,” and he makes his “friends and kinsmen Lawrence Washington, Esq., and Simon Heynes, Esq., son of Joseph Heines, overseers.” Simon Haynes of “Tarston, was son of Simon, dean of Exeter and Windsor, and married Amye, daughter and one of three coheiresses of Henry Marshall of Co. Northum, and of Elizabeth, aunt to Sir Lawrence Washington.” It may be conjectured that Mrs. Marshall was the Elizabeth Washington mentioned above.
- 27.Barbara, married Simon Butler of Appletre, gent. He was baptized 6 May, 1549, and buried, 16 June, 1628. She was buried 1 April, 1635. A son, John Butler, died in May, 1651, aged 81.
- 28.Mary, married Abel Makepeace, of Chipping Warden, Northampton. His will, proved 14 October, 1602, mentioned his wife, Mary, two unmarried daughters, Dorothy and Bridget, and three married, Lucy, Jane, and Amy. His only son, Lawrence, married Elizabeth, daughter of J. Croker, of Hooknorton, co. Oxon. Amy [also printed Anne] married Edward Edens of Banbury, co. Oxon; Dorothy married James Pountney, of London; and Bridget married Fabian Cole of Sulgrave.
- 29.Margaret, married Gerard Hawtayne, of Esington, Oxon. Children (Hawtayne):
- i. Lawrence, d.s.p.
- ii. Edward. d.s.p.
- iii. Henry, married Mary, daughter of John Doyley of Chiselhampton, co. Oxon.
- iv. Margery, married Richard Wallop, of Bugbrooke, co. Northampton.
Lawrence Washington was buried in Sulgrave church, and a stone slab, with six brass plates let into it, marked the spot. The first of these plates contained the Washington coat-of-arms, argent, two bars gules, in chief three mullets of the second. On either side, in brass, were effigies of Washington and his wife (the latter was missing as early as 1793), and below them on a brass plate of oblong form was the following inscription in three lines, in the old black character:
Here lyeth buried ye bod-ys of Laurence Wasshingto & Amee his | wyf by whome he had issue iiij sons & vij daughts wç laurence Dyed yeNA day of | NA ano 15 NA & Amee Deceassed the vi day of october ano Dñi 1564.
Under this plate were representations of the four sons and seven daughters. “The costume of Lawrence Washington and his children is that of the ordinary attire of civilians of the middle of the 16th century. The father wears a close-fitting doublet, a large loose gown, with demi-cannon sleeves, purfled with fur, and large broad-toed shoes. The boys wear large doublets, knee breeches, long hose, and shoes like their father; and each has his gyficière at his girdle. The girls wear close-fitting caps, with gowns reaching to the ancles, and secured round the waist with a band.”—Daily Reporter, Northampton, 24 August, 1889. In August, 1889, the portions representing the “iiij sons & vij daughts” were stolen.
Will of Lawrence Washington of Souldgrave in the Co. of Northampton, gentleman, 18 October, 1581, proved 11 February, 1584. As concerning my body, which, as it was made of earth, so must it return to dust and earth again, I desire therefore and require mine ‘exequitor’ to cause the same to be inhumate and buried in the parish church of Souldgrave aforesaid, in the South Aisle there before my seat where I usually used to sit, according to his discretion. To Mr. Walter Light a whole sovereign of gold and to his now wife a ‘ducate’ of gold. Towards the amending of Stanbridge Lane twenty shillings. And I will that Roger Litleford shall have the oversight in amending the said lane and bestowing the said twenty shillings. And for his pains in that behalf to be sustained I will him two shillings. And I will to every one of my sons’ and daughters’ children five shillings apiece, and to every one of my brother Leonard Washington’s children six shillings eight pence a piece willed to them by Parson Washington. Also I give to my brother Thomas Washington’s children by his last wife forty shillings. Also I devise to my son Lawrence Washington one goblet parcel gilt, with the cover for the same, and four pounds of current English money to buy him a salt. And I further will to him one featherbed in the gate-house, one feather bed over the day-house, one coverlet with a blue lining, one coverlet in the gate-house chamber, two boulsters, two pairs of blankets, four home made coverlets & four mattresses. Also I give to Lawrence Washington, son to Robert Washington my son and heir apparent, the ring which I usually wear. Also I forgive and acquit my brother Thomas Washington of all such debts and duties as he by any manner of means oweth unto me. And I forgive and discharge John Lagoe, sometime my servant, of all such sums of money as he oweth unto me and of all rents and arrearages of rents due unto me for such lands tenements hereditaments as he holdeth of mine, by lease or otherwise, for term of my natural life. And I will to every one of my servants which shall be in service with me at the time of my decease twelve pence. Also I will that the said Robert Washington shall yearly give to my servant Symon Wood a livery coat and forty shillings of current English money for his wages yearly during his life. And whereas I stand charged by the last will and testament of William Bond, gentleman, for the amending and repairing of Preston Lane and for the repairing of the way between Darlington and the Westbridge at Northampton called Spangstone, I earnestly require my executor and overseer to call upon the said John Balgoye for the amending of the said places, for that I have, long time heretofore, delivered into the hands of the said John Balgaye the sum of ten pounds of currant English money for the repairing of Preston Lane and twenty shillings for the amending of Spangston, for that only use and purpose. Also I will and devise that widow Compton shall have, hold, possess and enjoy for term of her life so much of one cottage as she now possesseth in Sulgrave, so as she well and honestly behave herself during her life, without making or doing any reparations thereupon and without paying any rent therefor, other than one red rose at the feast of St. John the Baptist yearly, if the same be demanded. And my further meaning and intent is that the said Robert and his heirs shall from time to time forever appoint some honest aged or impotent person to inhabit the same cottage for term of life, and that such aged or impotent person as shall not pay to my heirs any manner of rent therefor for term of his life other than a red rose payable as aforesaid, nor shall be charged to repair the same cottage during his or their lives. And my mind, intent and meaning is that if any doubt, ambiguity or controversy shall appear to arise or grow in respect of these presents then I will the same shall be decided and determined by my overseers or any one of them. And of this my last will and testament I constitute, ordain and appoint the said Robert Washington my sole executor, and of the same I make and ordain my well-beloved and trusty friends the said William Baldwyn and William Pargiter my overseers, desiring them to call on my executor if any default or slackness shall evidently in him appear, for or towards the performance of this my last will and testament, and for their pains I will to either of them forty shillings. Witnesses, William Baldwin, William Pargiter, Robert Calcott, George Woodward.
Brudenell, 5 (P. C. C.).
- 18.Thomas Washington (Robert,7 Robert3 John1 ) of Compton, Sussex. Captain in Flanders. Married — Deering.Issue:—
- 30.Richard, ob. s. p. 1612.
- 31.Lucy, married — Cheesewright [some say Chiselwright] of co. Cambridge.
- 32.Anne, married Robert Bateman.
“Commission issued 4 May, 1612, to Anne Bateman als Washington, and Lucy Cheesewright als Washington, natural and lawful sisters of Richard Washington, bachelor, in parts beyond the seas deceased, to administer his goods, &c.”
—Admon. Act Book (P. C. C.)
- 33.Katharine, married Melchior Reynolds.
- 19.Robert Washington (Lawrence12John4Robert3John1 ) of Sulgrave, Esq., born circa 1543-4. Jointly with his son Lawrence he sold the manor of Sulgrave in 8 Jac. (1610) to his nephew Lawrence Makepeace, of the Inner Temple, London, gent. Robert was twice married. By Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Robert Light of Radway, co. Warwick, he had issue:
- 37.Christopher, matriculated at Oxford, 6 December 1588; married Margaret Palmer, of Radway.
- 38.William, matriculated at Oxford, 6 December 1588.
- 40.Anne (or Amy), married Alban Wakelyn.
- 41.Ursula, married Thomas Adcock, of Swinford, Leic.
- 42.Elizabeth, married Lewis Richardson, of Turvey, Beds.
- By his second wife Anne Fisher, of Hanslop, Bucks., he had issue:
- 43.Alban, born about 1599.
Baker says this Robert was alive in 1676. If that be true, he was probably the Robert mentioned in the indenture dated 2 May, 1674, in which John Shotter of Midhurst, co. Sussex, mercer, transferred to Robert Washington the younger, of Petworth, co. Sussex, currier, the messuage called the Haws (?) in Petworth, (then occupied by Robert Washington, the elder,) adjoining the beast-market on the west and south street on the south.
- 46.Mary, married Martin Edon, of Banbury, co. Oxon.
- 47.Margaret, married John Gardiner, of London.
- 48.Catherine, married John Ireton.
Robert Washington of Souldgrave, in the co. of Northampton Esq., 7 February, 1619, proved 3 January, 1620. My body to be buried in the South Aisle of the church before my seat where I usually sit under the same stone that my father lieth under.
I give to my three sons which I had by my second wife, namely to my son Albane Washington, to my son Guy Washington and to my son Robert Washington, the sum of one hundred pounds apiece of currant English money, to be paid unto them and to each of them at their ages of four and twenty apiece, always provided, and I do mean, that my said three sons shall have the said sums of money afore-named and at the time aforesaid if they be obedient, and will be ruled in the mean space by their mother my executrix and do carry themselves well and as dutiful children to her; but if they, or any of them, be undutiful unto her and will not be ruled by her as it becometh them to be then I will by this my last will and testament that they, or so many of them as shall be undutiful or that will not be ruled by her, shall have but ten pounds apiece at their ages of four and twenty years apiece aforesaid.
Also I give unto three other sons which I had by my former wife, namely to my son Christopher Washington, to my son William Washington and to my son Thomas Washington, the sum of ten shillings apiece. And I do further give unto my son William Washington aforesaid the sum of fifty pounds to be paid unto him out of a debt of four hundred and odd pounds due unto me from the executors or administrators of my son Lawrence Washington deceased, and the said fifty pounds to be paid unto my son William Washington aforesaid, as soon as it is recovered from the executors or administrators of my son Lawrence as is aforesaid.
The rest of my goods and chattells unnamed and unbequeathed I give unto my wife Ann Washington whom I make sole executrix of this my last will and testament she discharging my last will and testament and discharging my debts and funerals.
Wit: Thomas Court, scriptor, Christopher Pargiter, John Ireton. Dale, 5 (P. C. C.).
- 20.Lawrence Washington (Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ). Entered at Gray’s Inn in 1571; may have been the Lawrence, a fellow of St. John’s College, Cambridge, who, with others, appealed to Lord Burghley in August, 1573, relative to the election of a master of their college. Called to the bar in 1582, and in 1583 was styled of “Gray’s Inn, co. Middlesex, gent.” In that year he purchased the manor of Whitacre inferior, co. Warwick, selling it six years later to George Villiers. In 1594 he was living at Much Hadham, Herts, and towards the close of Elizabeth’s reign he purchased Jordan’s Hall, Maidstone, Kent. He was appointed Registrar of the court of chancery in March, 1593, which office he discharged through that reign. From the Privy Council Register, 15 January, 1599, it appears that among the lawyers of chancery assessed for the suppression of the Irish rebellion, was Lawrence Washington, who paid £ 10 sterling. He was in the Parliament of King James the First (1603), a member from Maidstone; and, assisted by deputies, continued personally to discharge the duties of Registrar until his death on 21 December, 1619, at his house in Chancery Lane.Lawrence was twice married: 1 Martha Newce, spinster, daughter of Clement Newce of Hadham Magna, Herts. (license granted 31 January, 1577-8). Issue:
- 49.Lawrence, baptized 5 April, 1579.
- 50.Clement, baptized 4 May, 1580; buried, 5 May, 1580.
- 51.Mary, baptized 4 February, 1581-2; married 27 May, 1602, at St. James, Clerkenwell, William Horsepoole, of Great Marlow, Bucks, son of Symon Horsepoole, citizen and draper of London. He died in 1647.
- Children: Symon, born 1604 (?); John, born 1607 (?); Lawrence, born 1613; William, born 1616; Mary; Martha; Elizabeth; and Catherine.
- 52.Clement, baptized 22 January, 1583-4; died before 1619.
- 53.Ralph died before 1619.
- 54.William died before 1619.
- 55. A son died before 1619.
- 56.Martha, married 15 January, 1609-10, Arthur Beswick, gent., son and heir of William Beswick, of Spilmander, co. Kent. He was sheriff of the county in 1616. She died in 1616, leaving one child, Mary.The second wife of Lawrence was Mary, daughter of Sir Thomas Scott, of Scott’s Hall, co. Kent. By her he had no issue.
The will of Lawrence Washington was made 10 August, 1619, and proved 10 January, 1619. All his lands, tenements, and hereditaments were left to his “well-beloved son Lawrence Washington, his heirs and assigns forever; and all my goods and chattels, other than such legacies as I shall give and bequeath, to my loving daughter Mary Horspoole, wife to William Horspoole, gent., and to any of her children, and to my loving brother Robert Washington and to my very good loving cousin Sir Justinian Lewyn, Knight, and to the poor of the parish of Soulgrave in the county of Northampton, &c. His son Lawrence was constituted sole executor.—Soame, 3 (P. C. C.).
- Here resteth the body of Lawrence
- Washington Esq; of the Family of the
- Washingtons, antientlie of Washington
- in the Countie Palatine of Durham:
- Register of the Highe Court of Chancery
- xxvii Yeares: He had two Wyvfs, Martha
- Daughter of Clement Newce of Hartford-
- shire Esq: and Mary Daughter of Sir Raynold
- Scott of this Countie Knight: By his First
- He had 5 Sons and 2 Daughters; Lawrence
- and Mary, the Eldest only lyving. Lawrence
- succeeded him in his Office, married Ann
- daughter of William Lewyn Judge of the
- Prerogative Court. Mary married William
- Horsepoole of this Parish Gentlem. His other
- Daughter Martha married to Arthur
- Beswick Gentlem. Son of William Beswick
- of this County Esq.; He having lived a
- Virtuous and Xtian Life of singular Intiecrity
- in his place. Being of the age of lxxiii Yeares
- Died the xxi of December Ano Dni 1619. A
- Faithfull Believer in the Merritts &
- Mercies of his Saviour. To whose Memorie
- His Sonne hath erected this monument
- Though after my Skinne
- Worms destroy this Body,
- Yet shall I see God in my Flesh
- 34.Lawrence Washington (Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ) of Sulgrave and Brington. With his father, he sold the manor of Sulgrave and retired to Brington. Died 13 December, 1616, buried at Brington, 15 December, 1616. Married at Aston, 3 August, 1588, Margaret, daughter of William Butler of Tighes, Sussex. She was alive in 1641. Children:
- 57. Sir William.
- 58. Sir John.
- 60.Richard, born about 1600.
- 62.Thomas, born about 1605, was a page in the suite of Prince Charles, and accompanied that Prince on his visit to Spain in 1623 to see the Spanish Infanta.
Madrid, 15 August, 1823.
Mr. Washington the Prince’s page is lately dead of a calenture, and I was at his funeral, under a fig-tree behind my Lord of Bristol’s house. A little before his death one Ballard an English Priest went to tamper with him: and Sir Edward [Edmund] Verney meeting him coming down the stairs of Washington’s chamber, they fell from words to blows, but they were parted. The business was like to gather very ill-blood and come to a great height, had not Count Gondamar quasht it; which I believe he could not have done, unless the times had been favorable, for such is the reverence they bear to the Church here, and so holy a conceit they have of all ecclesiastics, that the greatest Don in Spain will tremble to offer the meanest of them any outrage or affront.
- 63.Gregory, baptized at Brington, 16 January, 1606-7; buried the next day.
- 64.George, baptized at Wormleighton, Warr., 3 August, 1608.
- 65.Elizabeth, married, 25 May, 1615. at St. Mary le Strand, Middlesex, Francis Mewce of Holdenby, co. North.
Elizabeth Mewce in the Co. of Middlesex, widow, 11 August, 1676, proved 12 December, 1676. My body I commit to the earth whence it came, to be decently buried according to the discretion of my executors. I give and bequeath to my niece Mrs. Penelope Thornton fifty pounds and my black shelf and my cabinet with all things that I shall leave therein. I give and bequeath to my niece Thornton’s five children, John, Charles, Samuel, Roger and Dorothy Thornton, forty pounds. I give and bequeath to my sister the Lady Washington, twenty pounds. I give and bequeath to my sister Mrs. Alice Sandys the sum of twenty pounds. I give and bequeath to my sister Mrs. Frances Gargrave the sum of twenty pounds and my clock and bed and hangings and sheets and all things to my bed belonging whatsoever. To my God-daughter Mrs Elizabeth Sandys ten pounds. To my niece Mrs. Margaret Stevenage ten pounds and to her two children, William and Mercy Stevenage, five pounds apiece.
Item I give and bequeath to my Uncle Mr. Robert Washington the sum of five pounds: to Mrs. Elizabeth Rumball, my niece, five pounds: to my nephew William Pill five pounds: to my niece Mrs. Francis Collins five pounds: to my nephew Mr. Robert Gargrave’s five children, Robert, John, William, Elizabeth and Cotton Gargrave twenty pounds apiece and to Elizabeth Gargrave my silver dish and silver porringer and cup and two spoons and all the rest of my small silver things that my note speaks of. To my maid Ann Freestone thirty pounds and her bed that she lieth on, with all things belonging to it, and my suit of purple curtains and the other things in my rooms not mentioned.
I do make my loving nephews Mr. Robert Gargrave and Mr. Roger Thornton executors of this my last will and testament, intreating them to take the care and trouble upon them, and I further desire these my executors, to let that money which I have given to my nephew Thornton’s children be put into the hands of their trusty and loving uncle Mr. Francis Pargiter, merchant, to put the sons apprentices or for the daughter’s preferement in marriage &c.
Bence, 154 (P. C. C.).
- 66.Joan, married Francis Pill, of Midford.
- 67.Margaret, married (1) Samuel Thornton, who died 1666-7; and (2) Sir — Sandys, knight; and had issue (Thornton):
- i. Roger.
- ii. A daughter, who probably married — Kirby or Kirkby.
Samuel Thornton of St. Giles in the Fields, Middlesex, Esq. 9 January 1666, proved 2 May 1666. To my dear wife the sum of four hundred pounds, to my grand child John Thornton two hundred pounds, to Charles Thornton my grand child, one hundred pounds, to my grand child Penelope Thornton one hundred pounds, to my daughter Kirby two hundred pounds, and I make and ordain my dear wife sole executrix.
Wit: Jo: Coell, Eliza: Mewce, Margaret Talbott.
Proved by the oath of Dame Margaret Sandis als Thornton his Relict and Executrix named in the will. Carr, 41 (P. C. C.).
Will of Dame Margaret Sandys.
October the eleventh 1673. Into the hands of God the father, the son and the Holy Ghost, three persons but one eternal God, I do commend my soul, and I desire my body may be buried in a private plain decent manner. And that little I have I do desire should be thus disposed of. I do give to my dear sister Mewce twenty pounds and the hangings in our chamber and the silk blanket and my pair of sheets we lie in. I do give to my sister Washington, my sister Sandys and my sister Gargrave ten pounds apiece, which in all is thirty pounds. I give to my nephew John Washington, my dear eldest brother’s son, twenty pounds. I give to my son Thornton my Indian gown. I give to my daughter Thornton twenty pounds and the hair trunk in my chamber and the linen in it. I give to my son Kerby twenty pounds and my Turkey work chairs and the tables and carpets in the Parlour during his life and my daughter’s, and after their deaths I give them to Lucy Kerk [Kerkby?] that waiteth on me. I give to my daughter Kerkby twenty pounds and my blue box in my closet and her father’s picture in it and all else in the box. I give to my uncle Robert Washington five pounds. I give to young Lucy Kerkby that waits upon me ten pounds and the feather bed, bolster and pillows and blankets and three pairs of sheets she lies in and the wrought sheet and the chairs and stools in my closet and all other things in my closet. I give also to her and her sisters my wearing linen and my clothes. I give to little Peg Kerkby my silver cup with the cover. I give to little Sam Thornton my thirty shilling piece of gold. I give to little Nan Doman a broad piece of gold. I give to the poor of Soham five pounds. I give to the poor of Fordham two pounds. And I make and ordain my dear son Thornton sole executor of this my last will and testament, desiring him to perform the same and those poor goods I have given that they may have them when I die, and the money I have given, that it may be paid to every one at the end of six months. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal in the presence of the witnesses whose names are subscribed the day and year above written, and what money I have either here or at Haxey undisposed I give two parts of it to John Thornton and one part to Charles Thornton, my son Thornton’s sons. And I desire my son that they may have it as soon as it is gotten, but the charge of my burying must be taken out of the money I leave.
Wit: Do: Washington, Elizabeth Mewce, Lucy Kirkby.
Proved 16 November, 1675 by Roger Thornton the executor.
- 68.Alice, married Robert, eldest son of Thomas Sandys of London, gent. Children:Thomas and four other children.
- 69.Frances, married — Gargrave.
- 70.Amy, married at Brington, 8 August, 1620, Philip Curtis, of Islip, co. Northampton, gent. She died in 1636.
Philip Curtis of Islip in the Co. of Northampton, gentleman, delivered his will nuncupative in the presence of Sir John Washington, Knight, and Michael Westfield, clerk, 19 May 1356, proved 30 May, 1636. To my daughter Catherine Curtis one thousand pounds, at day of marriage or age of twenty one, which shall first happen. Item I give unto my nephew John Washington the sum of fifty pounds to be paid unto him at his age of twenty and one years. Item I give unto my nephew Phillip Washington the like sum of fifty pounds to be paid at his age of twenty and one years. And for my nephew Mordant Washington I leave in trust to my wife. Item I give unto my wife Amy Curtis and to her heirs forever all my freehold land to be sold towards the raising of my daughters portion &c. And I make her the full and sole executrix, &c. Item I make choice of Sir John Washington of Thrapston, Knight, and Michael Westfield of Islipp, clerk, to be guardians for my daughter.
Pile, 55 (P. C. C.).
Amye Curtis of Islipp, in the Co. of Northampton widow, 27 June, 1636, proved 19 November, 1636. My body to be buried in the chancel of Islipp, near unto the grave of my deceased husband. I give towards the repair of the church of Islipp twenty shillings; to the poor there forty shillings: to the poor of Denford twenty shillings.
Item whereas there was given unto my nephew Mordaunt Washington, the eldest son of Sir John Washington, Knight, by the last will and testament of his grandmother Curtis deceased the sum of fifty pounds to be employed as [in] the said will is further expressed, my will is and I do give unto the said Mordaunt two hundred and fifty pounds more to be employed for his best benefit so soon as my debts be paid and the said money can conveniently be raised, and to be paid unto him at his age of twenty and one years or at the day of his marriage, which shall first happen. Item, whereas my husband, late deceased, gave unto John Washington, the second son of Sir John Washington the sum of fifty pounds, my will is and I do give unto the said John my nephew the sum of fifty pounds more, to be employed for his best use and benefit, my debts first paid and the money conveniently raised, and to be paid to him at his age of twenty and one years, or at the day of his marriage.
A similar bequest to Phillip Washington, the third son of Sir John Washington.
To my god daughter Amy Hynde twenty pounds. To Michael Westfield, clerk, five pounds, and to Mr. Richard Allen of Lowick five pounds. To my neighbor Mrs. Margaret Westfield five pounds. The freehold land given to me by my husband Phillip Curtis, I give unto my daughter Katherine Curtis. My mother Margaret Washington and my brother Sir John Washington to be guardians for my daughter.
Wit: Michael Westfield, William Washington and Phillip Freeman.
Pile, 108 (P. C. C.).
- 71. A daughter. Simpkinson says she was named Barbara, and married Simon Butler, of Apeltree, Northants—a repetition of what Baker gives to Barbara, No. 27, ante. The dates would render it possible that Simpkinson was correct.
- 72.Jane, married Richard Seymour.
Richard Seymor of St. Mary Savoy als Strand, Middlesex, gen. 13 April, 1641.
I give and bequeath unto my loving wife Mris Jane Seymor, for and during the term of her life, the interest, benefit and profit which shall be made, raised and received of and for the sum of six hundred pounds which is owing to me by the persons hereafter named, vizt. the right Honoble the Earl of Northton four hundred pounds, the Earl of Peterborough one hundred pounds, Mris Margaret Washington my wife’s mother fifty pounds and my wife’s brother in law Mr. Francis Muce fifty pounds. All the securities for the said moneys shall be made in the name of my loving nephew Lawrence Swetnam gent., whom I do desire to pay the said interest money to my said wife from time to time as he shall receive the same during the term &c. To my son Spencer Seymor all my goods, chattels, moneys, leases, bonds, bills, debts and other things whereof I am possessed, he to be executor of this my will and my said nephew Mr. Lawrence Swetnam to be guardian to my said son during his minority. Richard, Arthur, Robert and Stephen Squibb my nephews, sons of my brother in law, Mr. Arthur Squibb. I humbly beseech and desire the right Honble the Earl of Northampton, my noble lord and master, and my brother in law Arthur Squibb, Esq., one of the four tellers of the Receipt of H. M. Exchequer at Westminster, to be supervisors of this my last will, etc.
On the last day of May, 1641, commission issued to Lawrence Swetnam, guardian named in the will, to administer the goods etc. of the deceased according to the tenor of the will during the minority of Spencer Seymor the executor named &c.
- 73.Lucy. [?]
- Here lieth the bodi of Lavrence
- Washington sonne and heire of
- Robert Washington of Sovlgrave
- In the countie of Northamton
- Esquier who married Margaret
- The eldest daughter of William
- Butler of Tees in the Countie
- of Sussexe Esquier, who had issu
- By her 8 sonns and 9 daughters
- Which Lavrence decessed the 13
- of December a. dni. 1616.
- Those that by chance or choyce
- Of this hast sight
- Know life to death resignes
- As days to night;
- But as the sunns retorne
- Revives the day
- So Christ shall us
- Though turnde to dust & clay.
- 35.Robert Washington (Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ). Died 11 March 1622-23; buried at Brington. Married Elizabeth, daughter of John Chishull, of More Hall, Essex. She died 19 March 1622-23, and was buried at Brington.
Elizabeth Washington of Brington, in the Co. of Northampton widow, 17 March 1622, proved 12 April, 1623. I do give unto John Washington one hundred pounds and four pairs of my best sheets, two long table cloths, two pairs of pillow-biers and four dozen napkins, four side board cloths, four cupboard cloths and four long towels, one nut to drink in trimmed with silver, one silver beaker to drink in, one silver bowl to drink in, half a dozen of the best silver spoons and one double silver salt cellar, one pewter charger and a plate to it, six of the best platters and six dishes, a pair of andirons and tongs, a fire shovel, a chafing dish, a great brass pot which came from Solgrave, the best standing bed in the great chamber, with all that belongs to it, and half a dozen of Turkey work ‘quishions’ and two long velvet ‘quishions’ and a leather coffer. I do give unto Sir William Washington one hundred pounds. Item I do give unto Mrs. Mywse [Mewce] twenty pounds and one silver bowl and one brass pot. Item I do give unto Mrs. Francis Washington twenty pounds. Item I do give unto my cousin Pill the bed wherein I do now lie, with all that appertains unto it. ‘Item I doe give unto my Cosen Lawrence Washington who is now at Oxford my husband’s seal ringe.’ Item I do give unto A: me Adcocke twenty five pounds, a pied cow and a pied colt and a yearling bullock, a great brass pott and two great deep platters and two pairs of fine sheets, one pair of pillowbiers and a dozen of napkins, a kettel and a dripping pan. Item I do give unto my cousin Penelope Leake, who is now with me ten pounds. And of this my last will and testament I do make and ordain Mr. Francis Mewce my sole executor. And I do desire that all those dues and debts which is now owing by my late husband Mr. Robert Washington may be first discharged and then after them the legacies herein set down performed. And my desire is that my honorable good lord Spencer would be pleased to be my supervisor of this my last will and testament.
Swann, 33 (P. C. C.).
Here lies interred ye bodies of Elizab. Washington widdowe who changed this life for iM̄ortalitie ye 19h of March 1622. As also ye body of Robert Washington Gent. her late husband second sonne of Robert Washington of Solgrave in ye county of Nor. Esqr. who deed this life ye 10th of March 1622. After they lived lovingly together many yeares in this parish.
- 36.Walter Washington (Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ) of Radway, Warr. Died 1597. Married Alice, daughter of John Morden alias Marden of Morton Morell, Warwickshire, by Katherine, daughter and coheir of Richard Marston of Draughton, Northamptonshire.Issue:
- 75.Katherine, married Thomas Stanton of Woolverton, co. Warr., Esq. Issue:
- Thomas, born 1616.
- Alice, born in 1619.
Will of Walter Washington, of Radway in the parish of Bishop’s Ithington, in the countie of Warwicke, Gent. Being asked by his uncle, George Warner, to whom he willed his goods, he answered that he gave all he had to his wife and children. Witnesses: Richard Hill, George Warner, John Murdon, Catharine Murdon. Dorothea Caunt, Wodnefrode Brown. April 23, 1597. Admon, issued to his widow Alicie Washington. Cobham, 31 (P. C. C.).
Alice Washington survived her husband, and married John Woodward, “who, I suppose was the eldest son of Thomas Woodward of Butlers Marston.”
John Woodward of Quinton, in the co. of Gloucester, gent. 21 April, 1612, proved 13 May, 1612.
Item, I give and bequeath unto Thomas Washington gent. my wife’s brother in law, all that my pasture ground and meadow in Quinton, Glouc., for a term of one thousand years, he paying yearly unto Alice my wife, during her natural life one annuity of twenty pounds heretofore by me granted unto her, issuing forth of the said lands.
Alice Woodward of Stratford on Avon, 20 August 1642, proved 22 May, 1647. To be buried in the church at Stratford near late husband John Woodward gent. To my son John Washington twenty pounds in six months. Bequests to grandchildren, George, Elizabeth, Ann, Thomas and Katherine Washington, the children of the said John Washington, at their ages of one and twenty or days of marriage: also to grandchildren Thomas, Walter and Alice Stanton. Friend Thomas Wash, Esq.
Fines, 112 (P. C. C.).
- 49. Sir Lawrence Washington (Lawrence20 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ). Born about 1579, and matriculated at Oxford, November, 1594. Purchased the manor of Garsden, co. Wilts (three miles from Malmesbury), of the Moody family; obtained a grant in reversion of the Registrarship in the High Court of Chancery, 16 April, 1604, and succeeded his father in that office towards the close of 1619.
The office of Registrar was greatly in demand, and applications were made for reversions which could hardly have come in during the lives of the intended incumbents. In 1636 (?) Thomas Bray petitioned for a reversion of the office to George and Lodovic Bray for their lives, and recited that “the late king in the 2d year of his reign granted to Lawrence Washington the younger the office of Registrar of the Court of Chancery, after the death of Lawrence Washington the elder. And in the 12th year of his reign the said king also granted the said office to Lawrence Makepeace after the death of Lawrence Washington the younger. The present king also on the petition of George Kirke, one of the grooms of the bed chamber, granted the said office to John Dalton after the deaths of Washington and Makepeace, who are still living.” The Brays could not come into the office till both had died.
In the Midsummer vacation of 1637 Sir Lawrence Washington petitioned Archbishop Laud for a hearing on the question of fees in the Chancery Court, but was unable to obtain a reference through the sickness and occupation of the Archbishop. Postponed to the “first Star Chamber day next term,” the appointment was held in November, 1637, when Sir Lawrence presented his petition, thus summarized in the Calendar of State Papers:
Petition of Sir Lawrence Washington to the king. States the history of his office of Registrar of the Court of Chancery, of which he had a grant from the Crown for his own life and that of another, and that the reversion had been granted to one Mr. Dalton. The office was founded by Henry VIII. Before that time the business was discharged by the six clerks, who, being attorneys retained in causes in the court, were not indifferent parties to set down orders. No fees were ever settled. The six clerks in the 40th Elizabeth presented the fees whilst the employment was in them, but greater fees had been taken for 28 years by the patentees. On the present commission upon exacted fees petitioner had looked into the same, but can find no other settlement than the usage of 66 years. Prays a reference to settle the fees, and also to compound with petitioner for a grant in reversion after Mr. Dalton.
Lawrence was knighted in 1627 by King Charles the first; and married Anne, daughter of William Lewyn, Esq., D. C. L., of Ottringden, co. Kent, and sister of Sir Justinian Lewyn, Kt. He died at Oxford in 1643, aged 64, and was buried in Garsden Church, Wiltshire. His widow died 13 January, 1645, and was interred in the same grounds three days later.
- 76.Martha, married, in June, 1630, Sir John Tyrell, of Springfield, Essex, and died 17 December, 1670, æ. 90. He was born 14 December 1597; knighted, 27 January, 1627-8; died in 1675, æ. 82, and was buried at East Hornden. Issue: [Tyrell]
- i. Lawrence, born, at Springfield, 1 November, 1632. D. s. p.
- ii. Sir John, of Heron, born 14 March, 1635; died 30 March, 1673, æ. 36. Married Lettice, daughter of Thomas Coppin, of Mercatel, co. Herts. She died 8 March, 1660. He married a second time.
- iii. Thomas, d. s. p.
- iv. Charles, d. s. p.
- v. Martha, married Sir Benjamin Ayloffe, of Braxsted, co. Essex, bart.
The Ayloffes are of note because it was probably with that family that Lawrence Washington, rector of Purleigh, found a refuge in Braxted Parva after his living at Purleigh was sequestered. Sir Benjamin Ayloffe, father of the husband of Martha Tyrell was distinguished by his loyalty to the king; he was, by order of Parliament, imprisoned in the Tower, his estates sequestered, and, with many others, was sent to Yarmouth, to be transported to the English plantations in the West Indies. That order was reversed, and returning to Braxted, he compounded for his estate, lived to see the restoration, and was a member of Parliament. He died in 1662, and was succeeded by his son William. This son dying without surviving issue, his brother Benjamin succeeded to the estate and title. This Sir Benjamin was the husband of Martha Tyrell, and was an eminent merchant of London.
Some curious facts may be noted on the Tyrells. In November, 1637, Sir John Tyrell petitioned to the King, stating that “about 13 years since petitioner was advanced in marriage by Sir John Tyrrell, his uncle, who received petitioner’s wife’s portion of £3000, and settled upon petitioner and his wife £400 per annum in present, and agreed to settle £800 per annum after the death of Thomas, petitioner’s father and his mother, but reserving in his uncle’s own power to dispose of £600 per annum, which he often declared he intended to confer on petitioner’s father and mother for their lives, and to charge it with £2000 for petitioner’s younger children. But Sir Henry Browne and Lady Eyres persons of strait fortunes, have put themselves upon petitioner’s uncle, he being aged, blind, and otherwise infirm. They cohabit with him, and upon pretence that he was indebted £1000, have removed him to a cottage in Hampshire, where they have obscured him these two or three years, have caused the £600 per annum to be sold away, the timber to be felled, the coppice wood to be destroyed, the fences to be laid waste, and have received his rents, sold his plate, and great part of his household stuff.” Having ineffectually sought to restrain this waste through the Lord Keeper and unwilling to incense his uncle by a suit, Sir John appeals to the King.
The referees in effect denied the petition, and further found Sir Henry Brown “faultless in all those things wherewith he is charged in the said petition, and hold the petitioner very much to blame to asperse a gentleman of so much honor and worth, and who performed towards old Sir John Tyrell the offices of a very affectionate kinsman and real friend.”
May it please this honorable Com̃ittee to take notice that I was sequestered for being at Oxford, & the occations of my goeing thither weare these—Sir Laurence Washingtõ my wife’s father (haueing noe more children besides my wife & one sonne then under age) carried my wife frõ my house att Springfield in Essex to his house at Garsden in Wilts that Midsom̃er before the warrs began, & she being with child sent for me about Christmas after, whereupõ I procured a Passe from the Lords and Com̃ons of ye Close Com̃ittee to travell to her, & about Shrouetide after I got to Garsden, where the King Com̃anded by his Garison in Malmsbury; sooneafter Sir Laurence went to attend the Seale at Oxford being ill before & at ye tyme of his goeing, but ye disease being quicker uppõ him (for it began with a gentle flux) & his sonne lying there also desperately sick, & his man sending m[e] word he spoke of my coming, for ye settleing his Estate by deed (wch accordingly he did) uppõ his sonne & after, uppõ his daughter; I went to Oxford, where Sir Laur. shortly after died & his sonne hardly escaped, & then I returned to Garsden. Then my wife being sick at ye Bath & haueing spent or monys, I went shortly after to Bracly to my Tenant; & there procuring a Passe frõ my L: of Essex I came to Londõ last January was twelve months & found my estate sequestered & soone after my goods & stock weare sold; & I attended the L: & Com̃ons of ye honorble Com̃ittee for sequestratiõs till I was heard, & after, aboad in Londõ till Mich: last when haueing no means longer to subsist I repaired to Springfield in Essex to my wife & childrẽ, where I aboad till about 3 weeks since.
I gave 10£ to the first Propositions. I have payd the 5th & 20th pt to the full, as appears by Certificate of ye Com̃ittee at Chelmisford. I have taken ye National Covenant. I have payd all Rates without distresse, before I was sequestred; & [NA] except 50£ to Habberdashers Hall last Mich: for 20th pt wch I hope I am that my Certificate saith I have payd to the Full. My goods have been sold & stock. My estate in Northamtõsheire lost & utterly spoyled. I had a passe to goe into ye K: Quarters, & was at Ox: before or when the Ordenance for sequestratiõs bears date; the occatiõ was a great Concerne unto me, to wit ye setteling Sir Laur. whole estate by intaile; And my owne land near Bracley. I never boar arams; nor assisted ye K: Nor kissed his hand whilest I was there.
Yr humble Servant Jo: Tirell
24° April: 1645.
- 77.Lawrence, baptized at Chiselhurst, Kent, in the place at Modingha (Mottingham), 24 July, 1614; buried, 29 December, 1617.
- 78.Anne, baptized 30 September, 1622; married Christopher Gyse (Gise?). She was buried at Garsden, 4 June, 1642, æ. 20.
Sacrum Memoriæ Annæ Filias | Lavrentij Washington Egvitis | et vxoris Christopheri Gise | Hic Sepvltæ Jvnij 4to An: Do: | 1642 Ætat Svæ 20.
Will of Sir Lawrence Washington.
Sir Lawrence Washington of Garsden, in the co. of Wilts, knight, 11 May, 1643, proved 23 May, 1643. To be buried in the church of Garsden. My daughter the Lady Tirell. My nephew Simon Horsepoole. My servants Francis Cliffe, Allan Moore, Thomas Benson and William Freame. My son Lawrence to be executor. To the poor of Garsden twelve pence a week for ever, to be bestowed in bread every Sunday morning, chargeable on my manor of Garsden.
To the | Memory of Sr | Lawrence Washington | Kt lately chief Register of the | Chauncery of known Pyety of | Charitye exemplarye A louinge | Husband A tender Father A boun | tifull Master A constant Reliever of | the Poore and to those of this Parish A | perputuall Benefactour Whom it pleased | God to take unto his Peace from the fury | of the insuing Warrs Oxon Maij 14to. Here | interred. 24to Ano. Dni. 1643° Ætat suæ 64° | Where allso lyeth Dame Anne his wife who | deceased Junij 13to and was buried 16to Ano Dni 1645.
- Hic Patrios cineres curauit filius Urna
- Condere qui tumulo nunc jacet ille pius.
- The pious Son his Parents here inter’d
- Who hath his share in Urne for them prepar’d.
- 57.Sir William Washington (Lawrence34Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ) of Packington, co. Leic., Kt. He was knighted at Theobalds, 17 January, 1621-2.
In February, 1629, the king, Charles I., directed his Attorney-General to prepare a grant to Sir William Washington and Dame Anne his “now wife,” of the keepership of Grafton Park and Potters Pury Park [Northampton], with the fee of 2d per diem from each of them, with the herbage, pannage, and fallen wood, as the same had been held by the late Duke of Buckingham. At the expiration of four years, the king made a new grant of the keepership to Sir Francis Crane, “during the lives of Richard Crane and Anne Washington.”
In August 1635 he petitioned the king for a renewal to himself of a patent of the “sole benefit of transporting lampernes alive beyond the sea, to be taken in the Thames or elsewhere in England.” Buried at St. Martin’s in the Fields, Midd., 22 June, 1643. Married Anne, daughter of Sir George Villiers, of Brooksby, Kt., and half-sister of George, Duke of Buckingham. She was buried at Chelsea, 25 May, 1643.
- 80.Henry, born about 1615.
- 81.George, baptized at St. Martin’s in the Fields 13 January, 1619-20.
- 83.Elizabeth, married, at St. Faith’s (16 March, 1641-2), William Legge, the ancestor of the Earls of Dartmouth. Died 14 December, 1688.
“William Legge, eldest son of Edward Legge and Mary Walsh, was brought out of Ireland by Henry Danvers, Earl of Danby, President of Munster, his god-father, who had promised to take care of his education. He was sent to the Low Countries to serve under Prince Maurice of Saxony. On his return to England he was made groom of the bedchamber to Charles I, and had a commission as lieutenant-general of the Ordnance, under Lord Newport as general, in the first expedition against the Scots in 1639. He served in Rupert’s regiment in the battle of Newark, was taken prisoner at Dunsmore Heath and again at Lichfield. . . . In 1644 he was governor of Chester and Oxford, and at a later date was one of the three companions Charles I. chose to accompany him in his flight from Hampton Court. Referring to the latter occasion Lord Clarendon writes of him—‘Legge had had so general a reputation of integrity and fidelity to his master that he never fell under the least imputation or reproach with any man. He was a very punctual and steady observer of the orders he received, but no contriver of them, and though he had in truth a better judgment and understanding than either of the other two (Ashburnham and Berkeley) his modesty and diffidence of himself never suffered him to contrive bold councils.’ After the death of Charles I. William Legge was imprisoned in succession at Plymouth, Bristol and Arundel, where he obtained leave to go abroad. In 1650 he went with Prince Charles into Scotland, was wounded, and taken prisoner at Worcester. With the aid of his wife he made his escape in women’s clothes out of Coventry gaol. During the commonwealth he was busy in many Royalist plots, and on the restoration of monarchy, he reaped the reward of his fidelity. . . . He died 13 October 1670, in the eighty-third year of his age.” In January 1678-9 a license was granted by council to Mrs. Elizabeth Legge (Papist) to stay in London, “she being very weak and sickly.” She lodged in Berey Street, next door to the sign of the Dolphin in St. James’ Fields. On 15 December, 1688, Barbara, Lady Dartmouth, wrote to Lord Dartmouth: “It hath pleased God to take away your mother yesterday after a lingering illness . . . She desired to be carried privately to the Minorits [Minories].”
The will of Ranald Grahme of Nunington, co. York, Esq., dated 14 November 1679, with a codicil dated 25 May 1680, proved 2 December 1685, left to Elizabeth Legg, twenty pounds to buy mourning; to his “sister Sands” [Elizabeth (Washington) Sandys], and to her daughter, Elizabeth Washington, one hundred pounds; to Mrs. Penelope Washington and Mrs. Mary Washington, ten pounds apiece to buy them mourning.
- 84.Susanna, baptized at St. Martin’s in the Fields, 15 November, 1618; married Reginald Graham of Lewisham, co. Kent, Esq. Died 26 February, 1698-9, and was buried at Lewisham, Kent.
Here lyeth | Mrs. Susanna Grahme | wife of Reginal Grahme Esqre | Lord of this manor and second daughter of Sir William Washington | who departed this life | the 26th day of February, Anno Domini | 1698 aged 81 years.
Susanna Grahme of Blackheath in the parish of Lewisham in the Co. of Kent 6 October, 1697, proved 30 March, 1699. I desire my body may be interred in the parish church of Lewisham. To the Lady Dartmouth twenty broad pieces of gold which are sealed up in a paper with her name upon it. To my niece Mrs. Bilson ten broad pieces (as before) and the sum of one hundred pounds payable out of the arrears of rent which shall be due to me at the day of my death. Besides I give my said niece all the pictures in my little parlour at Blackheath, except my Lady Mordants. To my nephew William Leg Esq. one hundred pounds. To my niece Mrs. Dorothy Heron one hundred pounds. To Mrs. Penelope Washington five broad pieces of gold. To Mrs. Katherine Tonstall five guineas and to Mrs. Gelet, sister to Mrs. Katherine Tonstall five guineas. To my niece Mrs. Musgrave all my plate and china which I have in my house at Blackheath. To my Lord Preston all my furniture and household stuff at Nunnington, except my plate and china, which I give and bequeath to my niece Mrs. Susanna Grahme, his Lordship’s sister. To the said Lord Preston his father’s picture and my husband’s set in gold. To Deborah Sanders all my furniture and household stuff in my house at Blackheath not otherwise disposed of. To my Lord Dartmouth two hundred pounds, out of the arrears of rent, and four hundred pounds which he oweth me, provided always that his Lordship in consideration of the said six hundred pounds settle upon the minister of the parish of Lewisham for the time being and to all future generations such a salary for the reading of prayers once a day at Blackheath as is agreed between us, and I beg and desire of him that the said salary may be so settled according to law that it may be firm to all future ages. To the said Lord Dartmouth all my pictures at Blackheath not otherwise disposed of, with my coach and horses, and five guineas to defray the charges of my funeral. And I constitute and appoint the said Lord Dartmouth sole executor of this my last will and testament. Proved by the oath of William, Lord Dartmouth.
Pett, 40 (P. C. C.).
Sir William Washington of Thistleworth in the co. of Middlesex, Knight, 6 June, 1643, proved 1 March, 1648. Whereas I am justly indebted unto Elizabeth Washington, my daughter, in the sum of twelve hundred pounds which she lent me in ready money and for payment whereof, at a time shortly to come, I have given her my bond of the penalty of two thousand pounds, my said daughter shall have and retain to her own use, towards satisfaction of the said sum, all that debt of eight hundred pounds, or thereabouts, due unto me upon two obligations from the Right Honble William, Earl of Denbigh deceased, with the use that shall grow due for the same, and if any part of the said sum of twelve hundred pounds be paid and satisfied unto my said daughter in my life time, or after my decease, out of the overplus of moneys which shall or may remain due or payable unto me or my assigns upon the sale of my manor of Wicke and capital messuage called Wicke Farm and other lands thereunto belonging which are now in mortgage to Henry Winer Esq., and John Chappell gent., redeemable upon payment of the sum of eleven hundred forty four pounds at a time now past &c. &c.
And my will and meaning is that, my other debts, which are not many nor great, being satisfied and paid in the next place, then all the residue of the money which shall remain and all my goods, chattles and personal estate whatsoever shall be equally divided amongst all my children that shall be living, and I make and ordain my said daughter Elizabeth sole executrix.
Wit: Rob: Woodford, John Pardo, Thomas Woodford, John Washington.
The will was proved by the oath of Elizabeth Washington als Legge, daughter of the deceased and executrix named in the will.
Fairfax 29 (P. C. C.).
- 58. Sir John Washington (Lawrence34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ), of Thrapston, co. Northampton, Knight. Married (1) Mary, daughter of Philip Curtis, of Islip, co. Northampton, gent., and Katherine Curtis, his wife. Mary died 1 January, 1624-25, and was buried at Islip.
Here lieth the body of Dame Mary: wife unto Sr John Wash ingtõ Knight, daughter of Phillipe Curtis Gent: who had issue by hur sayd husbande 3 sonns Mordaunt John and Phillippe deceased the 1 of Janu: 1624.
Sir John married, for a second wife, Dorothy, daughter of William Pargiter of Gretworth, Esq., by Abigail, daughter of Sir Francis Willoughby, of Wollaton, co. Nottingham. She was the widow of — Kirkby, by whom she had two children Thomas Kirkby and Penelope Kirkby (married — Thornton ). By Sir John she had no issue, and died 1678.
Dorothy Wassington, relict of Sir John Wassington, Knight deceased, 6 October, 1678, proved 24 December, 1678. My body I leave to my executor’s discretion to be laid decently in the grave in the chancel of the church of Fordham, near the place where the body of my dear grand child Mrs. Penelope Audley lies buried. And for that small estate which the Lord hath continued to me I bequeath and bestow as followeth. Item I give and bequeath unto my son Mr. Thomas Kirkbey the sum of five pounds, and to each of his sons and daughters twenty shillings apiece, to be paid them six months after my decease. Item all the rest of my goods whatsoever, as household stuff, bills, bonds, debts and the like I give and bequeath unto my daughter Mrs. Penelope Thornton, whom I do make my sole executrix, &c.
Wit: Ezech: Pargiter, Hugh Floyde, Sarah Flecher.
Reeve, 148 (P. C. C.).
In December, 1640, the father, William Pargiter, petitioned the Lords to be relieved against a decree of the Court of the Star Chamber, touching the manor of Gretworth.
- 61.Lawrence Washington (Lawrence34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ) “was born about the year 1602. He appears to have entered at Brasenose College as early as 1619, but he did not sign the Subscription Book until the 2d of November, 1621, under which date his name also appears in the general matriculation register [“Laurent: Washington, Northamp: Gen. fil. an. nat. 19.”], in connection with thirty-five others—an extraordinary number, and indicating that from some cause this ceremony had hitherto been neglected. He took his B. A. degree in 1623 and became Fellow of Brasenose about 1624. He is recorded as serving the office of lector, then the principal educational office in the college, from 1627 to 1632 inclusive. On the 20th of August, 1631, he became one of the proctors of the university, filling a vacancy that had occurred by the deprivation of his predecessor by royal warrant. On the 14th of March, 1632-3, he was presented to the then very valuable living of Purleigh in Essex, and resigned his fellowship.” Mr. Waters found in the “Names and Cognomens of all and singular Clerks collected, admitted or instituted to any Benefice, &c., in the Diocese of London, and of the Patrons, &c., from 12 September 1632, to 16 April,” the following entry:
Essex; Dengy, Decimo quarto die mensis Martii Anno pred Laurentius Washington clicus in artibus magr̃ admissus fuit ad Rc̃oriã de Purleigh Com̃ Essexit per pñtaconem Janæ Horzmanden patronissæ pro hac vice.
And in the book of compositions for First Fruits this second entry:
xiio die Martii 1632 Anno Regni dñi nr̃i nunc Caroli Regis &c. octavo.
Essex. Purleigh. R Laurentius Washington clic comp̃ pro prmittis Rc̃orie pređ ext. at xxv dec̃ia inde ls. Obligantr dctus Laurentius, Thomas Beale de Yorkhill in Com̃ Hereff geñ et Willũs Smith Pochie bte Marie de la Savoy Inholder.
Lawrence married (after March, 1632-3,) Amphillis, daughter of — Roades of Middle Claydon, Buckinghamshire.
Mr. Waters, working upon the mention of William Roades in the will of Andrew Knowling, traced that family to Middle Claydon, and connected them with the Verneys. In June, 1639, William Roades held the position of bailiff at Middle Claydon, and William or John Roades was in the service of Sir Edmund Verney—or both were in service. Amphillis was believed to have been a daughter of one of these servants. “The same evidence seems to show that it was a match which would not be likely to meet with the approval of the rest of the family, allied as they were to the Villiers, Sandys, Pargiter, Verney and other families then in good social standing; and, in connection with this, it is worth noting that I have thus far seen no mention of Mr. Lawrence Washington in any of the wills of the family or their connections after this marriage, which must have been soon after the resignation of the fellowship (March, 1632-3). This connection with William Roades is, however, more than doubtful.
In November, 1643, he was ejected from the living of Purleigh, by order of Parliament, as a “malignant royalist.” The charges laid against him were given in The First Century of Scandalous, Malignant Priests Made and Admitted into Benefices by the Prelates, in whose Hands the Ordination of Ministers and Government of the Church hath been, published by John White, and printed by George Miller, by order of Parliament, 17 November, 1643. The case of Mr. Washington was ninth in the list.
The Benefice of Lawrence Washington, Rector of Purleigh in the County of Essex is sequestered, for that he is a common frequenter of Ale-houses, not onlly himselfe sitting dayly tippling there, but also incouraging others in that beastly vice, and hath been oft drunk, and hath said, That the Parliament have more Papists belonging to them in their Armies than the King had about him or in his Army, and that the Parliaments Armie did more hurt than the Cavaliers, and that they did none at all; and hath published them to be Traitours, that lend to or assist the Parliament.
So violent a partisan as the compiler of the First Century can hardly be accepted without question even on a statement of fact. The clergy of that day had among their number some who were no ornaments to the order, and drunkenness was by no means the least common of their failings. Mr. Waters found in John Walker’s Sufferings of the Clergy the following comment upon the case of Lawrence Washington, A.M.:
Purleigh, R., one of the best Livings in these Parts:
To which he had been Admitted in March, 1632, and was Sequestered from in the Year 1643, which was not thought Punishment enough for him, and therefore he was also put into the Century, to be transmitted to Posterity, as far as that Infamous Pamphlet could contribute to it, for a Scandalous, as well as a Malignant Minister, upon these weighty Considerations, That he had said “the Parliament have more Papists belonging to them in their Armies, than the King had about him, or in his Army, and that the Parliament’s Army did more Hurt than the Cavaliers, and that They did none at all, and had Published them to the Traytors, that lent to, or assisted the Parliament.”
It is not to be supposed, that such a Malignant could be less than a Drunkard, and accordingly he is charged with frequent Commissions of that Sin, and not only so, but with Encouraging others in that Beastly Vice. Altho’ a Gentleman (a Justice of the Peace in this Country) who Personally knew him, assures me, that he took him to be a Worthy, Pious Man, that as often as he was in his Company, he always appeared a very Modest, Sober Person, and that he was Recommended as such, by several Gentlemen, who were acquainted with him before he himself was. Adding withal, that he was a Loyal Person, and had one of the best Benefices in these Parts, and this was the ONLY Cause of his Expulsion, as I verily believe. After which, he subjoyns, that another Ancient Gentleman of his Neighborhood, agrees with him in this Account. Mr. Washington was afterwards permitted to Have, and Continue upon a Living in these Parts, but it was such a Poor and Miserable one, that it was always with Difficulty that anyone was persuaded to Accept of it.
Upon consulting the copy of the Sufferings in the Bodleian Library, Mr. Waters found the original letter on which Walker based his statement. It was written by Henry Ayloffe (of the same family as is mentioned on p. 358, ante), and was probably written in 1706. In it he said:
I doe not remember that ever I knew or heard of Mr. Washington after he had been sequestered, but there was then one Mr. Roberts a neighbor of mine who was owner and patron of a parish so small that nobody would accept of his church (but with difficulty) and Mr. Roberts entertained Mr. Washington, where he was suffered quietly to preach. I have heard him and tooke him to be a very worthy pious man. I have been in his company there, and he appeared a very modest sober person, and I heard him recommended as such by several gentlemen who knew him before I did. He was a loyal person, and had one of the best benefices in these parts, and this was the only cause of his expulsion as I verily believe.
A reference to the last (nearly illegible) paragraph by Walker enabled Mr. Waters to decipher the word Braxted, and Braxted Parva was such a living as Walker says Washington retired to. It was held by Thomas Roberts, and was presented by him in 1650 to Mr. White, in 165? to Lawrence Washington, and after Washington’s death, to Nehemiah Rogers, father of John Rogers who had succeeded Lawrence at Purleigh. It was in 1649 that John Rogers was ordered to pay to Amphillis Washington the fifth part of the tithes and profits of that rectory.
In the registry of All Saints parish, Malden, Essex, was found an entry “Mr. Lawrence Washington buried January, 1652” presumably the rector of Purleigh. His wife Amphillis was buried 19 January, 1654-55.
“Crisames senc our Ladie day Anno Dom̃ 1635 Layarance sonn of Layarance Washington June the xxiiid.”—Tring Register.
- 90.Elizabeth, married — Rumball or Rumbold.
“Baptized senc our Ladye daye anno dom̃ 1636 Elizabeth da of Mr. Larranc Washington Aug. xvii.”—Tring Register.
“Baptized senc Mickellmas daye Anno Dom̃ i64i William sonn of Mr. Larrance Washenton baptized the xiiijth. daij.”—Tring Register.
- 92.Margaret, married — Talbott.
- 93.Martha, emigrated to America, and married Nicholas (?) Hayward of Stafford County, Virginia. She died in 1697.
In the name of God Amen I Martha Hayward of the County of Stafford being sick & weak of body but of pfect sence & memory thanks be given to God therefor Doe make & ordaine this my last Will & Testament
Imprs I give and bequeath my Soul to God and my body to the Earth to be buryed in Christianlike and Decent manner att the disposition of my Execrs hereafter named and as for what worldly Estate it hath pleased God to bless me wth all I give devise and dispose of in the following manner & forme
Item I give and bequeath unto my two cousins John & Augustine the sons of my cozn Lawrence Washington of Westmoreland County one negroe woman named Anne and her future increase and in case of their deaths before they come of age then I give the sd negroe to the aforesd Lawrence Washington & his heirs forever.
Item I give unto my cozen Lawrence Washington son of Mr John Washington of Westmoreland County one mallatto girle named Suka to him and his heirs forever.
Item I give and bequeath unto my cozen John Washington son of the said John Washington of Westmoreland county one mallatto Girle named Kate to him and his heirs forever.
Item I give and bequeath my cozn Nathaniel Washington, son of the said John Washington one Negroe boy named John to him & his heirs forever.
Item I give and bequeath unto my Cozn Hen: Washington son of the said John Washington one negroe boy named George William to him & his heirs for ever.
Item I give and bequeath unto my kinsman Mr John Washington of Stafford County one negroe woman named Betty and her future increase to him & his heirs forever.
Item I give and bequeath unto my kinsman Mr Richd Ffoot two thousands pnds Tobbacco to him & his heirs for ever.
Item it is my will & desire that my Extrs wth all convent speed after my decease doe procure and purchase for each of my two sisters in Law vizt Mary King and Sarah Todd a servant man or woman as they or either [of] them shall both like haveing att least four or five years to serve wch I doe give to them and their heirs forever.
Item I give and bequeath to my aforesd Six cozins the sons of my two cozns Lawrence and John Washington of Westmoreland County to Each of them a feather bedd and furniture to them and their heirs forever.
Item it is my will and desire that my Exectrs with all Convent speed send to England to my Eldest sister Mrs Elizabeth Rumbold a Tunne of good weight of Tobacco, & the same I give to her and her heirs forever.
Item it is my desire that my said Executors Doe likewise take freight send for England to my other sister Mrs Margt Talbut a Tonne of good weight of Tobbacco which I give to her and her and her [sic] heirs forever.
Item I give and bequeath unto Mr Wm Buckner of the County of York my gold signett.
Item I give and bequeath unto Capt Law: Washington and his wife, Mr John Washington of Stafford County and his wife, Mr John Washington of Westmoreland County and his wife, Mary King, Sarah Todd and Mary Wheatley, each of them a gold of twenty shillings piece To be procured with all Convent speed after my decease.
Item I give and bequeath unto Samuel Todd son of Wm. Todd a heiffer about three years old.
Lastly after all my just Debts are pd all the rest of my estate whatsoever and wheresoever I doe give and bequeath unto Capt Lawrence Washington, Mr John Washington of Westmoreland County, & Mr John Washington of Stafford County to be Equall[y] Divided between them and I doe hereby [make?] Constitute and ordaine the aforesd Lawrence Washington & John Washington of Westmoreland County Executs of this my last will & Testament. In Witness whereof I have hereunto sett my hand & ffixed my Seale this 6th day of May annoqe Domi 1697.
Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of us: Geo. Weedon, Sarah Kelly, Sarah X Powell, her marke, John Pike.
Proved and Recorded the 8th of December, 1697.
Vera copia Teste. J. Perry
D. C. Cur. Com. Stafford.
- 74.John Washington (Walter36 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ) of Radway, co. Warr. Married Mary, daughter of George Danvers of Blisworth, co. Northampton, Esq.Issue.
- 79. Sir Lawrence Washington (Sir Lawrence49 , Lawrence20 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ) of Garsden, co. Wilts. Baptized at St. Dunstan’s in the West, London, 30 September, 1622, matriculated at Oxford (æ. 15), 4 May, 1638; sheriff of Wilts Co., by appointment of the House of Commons, 7 November, 1650, died 17 January, 1661-2. In September, 1648, Richard Price, of High Holborn, deposed that Lawrence Washington, son of Sir L. Washington, late Registrar of Chancery, “went to Oxford, when a garrison for the King, and paid £200 to his kinsman George Washington, who waits on the Duke of Richmond, to be sworn of the Privy Chamber to the King. Also that at the siege of Gloucester, he quartered with the Duke of Richmond’s gentlemen, within 2 miles of the leaguer.” In the Calendar of the Committee for Advance of Money, I find an item referring to the same matter, though entered as “— Washington, Gersey, near Malmesbury, co. Wilts.” A request was then made for prosecution of Washington, and benefit of the discovery, on the ground that he had “set forth four men and horses in the late King’s service, had his horse shot under him at Newbury fight, and has an estate of £1200 a year.” His property was affected, and in 1656, his appeal for release was referred to the Major General and Commissioners of the county, who ordered that on his paying £50 to the treasurers for the decimation tax, as a testimony of his good affection to the State, the Commissioners should discharge his estate.
Here Lyeth ye Body of Lavrence | Washington Esqr. the only Son | of Sr Lavrence Washington who | Departed this life Jan 17 was | Bvried Feb 11 Ano Dni 1661 and | Inclosed By Elinor his Wife | April 18 Ano. Dni. 1663 | Ætat Suæ 39
- En mercede virum Pensatum muner[a d]igna
- Prospicit ille suis diua supersta sibi
- Behold how duty well perform’d is paide
- His Sire he him here his durst hath laide.
Lawrence Washington of Garsdon in the Co. of Wilts, Esq., 14 January, 1661, proved 15 May, 1662. My body to be buried in the chancel of the Parish church of Garsden. To the poor of Garsden ten pounds, to be distributed to householders by five shillings to a house, and to the poor of Westamsbury and Bulford, Wilts, ten pounds &c.
Alsoe I doe giue and devise unto my Cozen John Washington of Thrapston in the Countie of Northampton Knt one Annuitie or yearely Rent of ffortie pounds of currant English money ffor and dureinge the terme of his naturall life. To be issueing and goeing forth out of all my messuages Lands Tenements and Hereditaments and ffarme in Westamsbury als Littleamsbury in the Countie of Wiltes aforesaid. To be paid unto him at the ffeasts of Thanunciation of the blessed Virgin St Mary and St Michaell Tharchangell by euen and equall portions the ffirst payment thereof to beginne and to be made at the ffirst of the said ffeasts which shall happen come and be next after my decease and if and as often as it shall happen the said yearly Rent of ffortie pounds to be behinde and unpaid by the space of Tenne dayes next after any of the said ffeasts in the which as aforesaid the same ought to be paid that then and soe often it shall be lawfull to and for the said John Washington into the said Messuages Lands Tenements and hereditaments to enter and distreyne and the said distresse and distresses then and there had found and taken to lead driue take and carry away and the same to impound deteyne and keepe untill the said Annuity or yearely rent of fforty pounds and all the arreares there of (if any be) shall be unto my said Cozen John Washington fully satisfied and paid.
To Charles Tyrell, youngest son of Dame Martha Tyrrell of Heron House in the Co. of Essex, one annuity of twenty pounds &c. To my cousin Symon Horsepoole of London, gent., one annuity of thirty pounds &c. To my beloved sister Dame Martha Tyrrell twenty pounds to buy her a ring, and to my nephews John, Thomas and Charles Tyrrell ten pounds apiece and to my niece Martha Tyrrell twenty pounds, to buy each of them a ring. . . . The residue unto Elianor, my wife, whom I make sole executrix &c.
Laud, 73 (P. C. C.).
Lawrence married Eleanor, second daughter of William Gyse (Guise) of Elmore, co. Gloucester, Esq. She was born about 1626. She bore him one daughter—:
- 99.Elizabeth, married Sir Robert Shirley, created 3 September, 1711, Viscount Tamworth and Earl Ferrers. She died 2 October, 1693. Children—:
- i. Robert, married Anne, daughter of Sir Humphrey Ferrers of Tamworth Castle.
- ii. Washington, married Mary, daughter of Sir Richard Levinge.
- iii. Henry, died, unmarried, in 1745.
- iv. Lawrence, married Anne, daughter of Sir Walter Clarges.
Eleanor survived her husband Lawrence, and married 27 November, 1663, Sir William Pargiter, of Gretworth, Kt. Mr. Conway found a volume in the British Museum, printed in 1664, and being The second Part of Youth’s Behaviour, or Decency in Conversation amongst Women. It contains a letter of dedication, signed by Robert Codrington, and addressed to “The Mirrour of her Sex Mrs. Ellinor Pargiter, and the most accomplished with all reall Perfections Mrs. Elizabeth Washington, her only Daughter, and Heiress to the truly Honorable Lawrence Washington Esquier, lately deceased.” Mrs. Pargiter died 19 July, 1685, and was buried at Garsden.
Here lyes ye body of Dame | Elinor Pargiter 2nd Daughter | of Wm. Guise of Elmore in ye | County of Gloucester Esqr | First married to Lawrence | Washington Esq. afterwards | to Sr Wm Pargiter of Gritt | with in ye County of North | Hampton Kt. Who departing | this life the 19th Day of July in | the Year of Our Lord 1685 | ordered her remains to be | deposited here in hopes of | a blessed Resurrection.
Dame Elianor Pargiter, the relict of Sir William Pargiter late of Gretworth, Knight, deceased 17 July, 1685, proved 2 June, 1687. My body I desire may be carried in a decent and private way to Garsden in Wiltshire and interred there by my former husband Lawrence Washington Esqr. I will and bequeath to my dearly beloved daughter Ferrars my necklace of pearl, being two strings of pearl, which her father gave to me, one saphire ring, which he likewise gave to me, and her father’s picture set in gold. To the parish of Garsden thirty pounds, to be bestowed in decent plate for the Communion table there, to be kept by the Minister of the place for the time being. To the poor of that parish ten pounds. The residue to my daughter Elianor Pargiter, whom I make, constitute and ordain sole executrix.
Proved by the oath of Elianor Dering als Pargiter.
Foot, 82 (P. C. C.).
- 80.Henry Washington (Sir William57 , Lawrence34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ), born about 1615. Entered the army of the king and was Governor of Worcester during its first siege in 1646, in the absence of Lord Astley, who had fallen into the hands of the Parliamentary army. He also led the storming party at Bristol.
Colonel Washington seems to have engaged in plots along with Col. Legge, and resorted much to an inn at Gravesend, where disaffected persons met, and whence many young men where sent to Holland to the exiled Prince. The Council looked into this report of plottings, and must have discovered something to Washington’s prejudice, as the Governor of Tilbury Fort was ordered (19 August, 1649) to apprehend him. He agreed with the Council to “appear within four days after warning left at Gravesend, and to practise good behavior.”
He married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Pakington of Westwood, co. Worc., and Frances, daughter of Sir John Ferrers of Tamworth. Colonel Washington was buried at Richmond, Surrey, 9 March, 1663-64.
“6 March, 1693-4. Report of Mr. Aaron Smith to the Lords of the Treasury, on the petition of Mrs. Elizabeth Gellott, the daughter of Col. Washington, lately deceased, who, he was informed, hazarded his life and exhausted his fortune in the service of King Charles I., as to the fine of 200 marks set upon Francis West, of which the petitioner prayed the grant; he had made a report when West had petitioned for a remission of the fine owing to his extreme poverty, which had reduced him to the common side of the prison, and the petitioner, Mrs. Gellott, then much insisted on his extreme poverty, which he could not reconcile with her present petition.”
“28 July 1699. Report of S. Travers, Esq., Surveyor General to the Lords of the Treasury, on the petition of Henry Jenkins, gent., praying for a renewal of a lease of waifs, strays, &c. in the honour of Peverel, which had been granted by King Charles II in his 25th year, to Sir John Pakington and others, in trust for Col. Washington’s children; informing their Lordships that King Charles II. in his 16th year granted to Charles Earl of Norwich all the said waifs, strays, &c. for 31 years at 50l per ann., and in 1673 granted the same to Sir John Pakington, Bart., and others, in trust for the daughters of the said Col. Washington; to be held for 31 years from that date (concurrent with the Earl of Norwich’s lease then in being). The value, according to Sir Charles Harbord, would be 350l. Advising that in any new grant the lessee should account for at least a 10th part of the profits of working the mines and quarries.”—Calendar Treasury Papers, 1697-1701-2.
- 100.Mary, died 1680-81, unmarried.
Mary Washington, spinster, of the parish of St. Martin in the fields in the Co. of Middlesex, 13 January, 1680, being in her last sickness whereof she died, with an intent and purpose to make and declare her last will and testament nuncupative and to settle and dispose of her estate, did utter and spake these words following, or the like in effect vizt.: I desire that Hannah (meaning her maid-servant Hannah Lewis) may have one hundred pounds out of the money of the king’s gift, and the rest I leave to my dear mother (meaning Elizabeth Sandyes), which words, or the like in effect she uttered and declared as and for her last will and testament nuncupative in the presence and hearing of the said Mrs. Elizabeth Sandys her mother, whom she desired to remember what she said to her, and of Katharine Hodges, Katharine Forster and Mary Hall and that she was at the premises of and in her perfect senses and understanding, the same being so done in the house of Mrs. Forster, her place of abode.
Letters issued 5 May 1681 to Catherine Forster, sister of the deceased, to administer the goods &c., for the reason that she had named no executor in the will, Elizabeth Sandys the mother, with the consent of her husband Samuel Sandys, Esq., expressly renouncing.
North, 83 (P. C. C.).
- 101.Penelope, died unmarried, and was buried at Wickhamford, co. Worcester, 2 March, 1697.
Penelope Washington of Wickhamford, co. Worcester, spinster, 6 December, 1697. To my niece Catherine Foster, spinster, two hundred and fifty pounds, but to my mother and executrix, Madam Elizabeth Sandys of Wickhamford, to receive the interest of this money during her life. The said Catherine not to intermarry with any person without the consent of my executrix, being her grandmother. To my other niece Elizabeth Jollett (Gellott) the same sum on similar conditions. To my faithful servant Sarah Torey one hundred pounds. The residue to my said executrix.
By the codicil all the lands &c. in Bayton and elsewhere in Worc., conveyed unto me by Mr. William Swift deceased and his trustees, to “my dear mother Elizabeth Sandys” her heirs and assigns forever.
- 102.Katherine, married (1) Martin Forster or Foster, by whom she bore one child Katherine, and (2) Barnabas Tonstall or Tunstall, of the Middle Temple, Esq.
The first marriage is entered in Westminster Abbey, 1677, May 1. Martin Foster and Katherin Washington. A note by Col. Chester says: “He held, in 1673, the place of Comptroller of the Customs at Newcastle-on-Tyne, when he petitioned the Government for the reversion of the same in behalf of his brother George. He was buried as ‘Captain Foster,’ at St. Martin in the Fields, 25 Mch. 1678, and in the record of administration on his estate, 8 Apl. following, he is called of that parish and ‘Esqr.’ The name is sometimes written Forster. She was one of the four daughters of coheirs of Col. Henry Washington (eldest son of Sir William Washington, Kt., by Anne Villiers, half-sister of George first Duke of Buckingham), by Elizabeth dau. of Sir John Pakington, first Bart. There was one dau., Catherine, of this marriage. Mrs. Foster remarried (Mar. Lic. Fac. 9 Mch. 1686-7), being then about 27 years of age, Barnabas Tonstall, of the Middle Temple, Esq., son and heir of the Rev. Frederick Tonstall, of Edgcombe, co. Surrey, and was living 24 Dec. 1698.”
- 103.Elizabeth, married — Gellett or Gellott.
The widow of Colonel Henry Washington married Samuel Sandys, the Royalist colonel. He was born in 1615, died 15 April, 1585, and was buried at Ombersley. Upon the breaking out of the civil war, he left Parliament, sided with the King, and was in the march to Brentford under the Earl of Bristol. In 1642 he received a commission from the King to command the horse of the county, and was governor of Evesham and Hartlebury Castle, lieutenant-governor of Worcester under Prince Maurice, 1644, and was in the battle of Edge Hill. He spent the greater part of his fortune on the King’s cause, and was rewarded on the restoration with only £6000. In 1661 and 1678 he represented Worcestershire in Parliament.
His wife survived him, and dying in 1698-99 was buried at Wickhamford.
Elizabeth Sandys of Wickamford in the Co. of Worcester widow, 21 December, 1698, with codicil bearing date 24 December 1698, proved 20 February, 1699. I nominate and appoint my cousin John Sandys, now or late of Loveline, executor and give him all my messuages, lands, tenements, etc., at Bayton or elsewhere in the Co. of Worcester purchased of Mr. Swift or his trustees in the name of my late daughter Penelope W—n, but in trust to sell and dispose thereof to the best value and to raise money for a portion for my granddaughter Elizabeth Jarlett, now with me, and to educate her in such manner as to my said executor shall seem meet and convenient and at her age of one and twenty years or marriage, to pay to her her said portion. And I appoint him guardian desiring him to breed her up in the Protestant Religion. And if he depart this life before her said age or marriage then I appoint Mr. Francis Bromley trustee and guardian to her. I give to my executor fifty pounds as a legacy. To my daughter Tunstall ten pounds. To my daughter Jarlatt ten pounds. To my granddaughter Katherine Forster two hundred and fifty pounds, besides the two hundred and fifty pounds her aunt Washington gave her if she should please me. To Mr. Francis Bromley my great silver cup and cover. To my faithful and kind servant Mrs. Mary Hall one hundred pounds (and other personal property). Twenty pounds for a communion carpet and pulpit cloth for the church of Wickamford. Remainder of personal estate to my said granddaughter Jarlatt. If she refuse to be educated or become a Papist I give her only a fourth part of what I hereby before have given or intended for her &c.
In the codicil is a bequest to her son in law Capt Sandys, of a sealed ring which my dear brother Packington constantly wore. To my daughter in law Mrs. Sandys a large table diamond ring. To Mr. Martin Sandys, their son, a gold watch and gold case to it. To my god-daughter Mrs Deverax her grandmother, my Lady Sandys’ picture set in gold. To my niece Mrs. Bradshaw her grandfather, Sir John Packington’s picture set in gold. To Mrs. Tomkins her grandmother’s picture set in an enamel ring. To my goddaughter Mrs. Tomkins a pair of gold sleeve buttons. To my granddaughter Mrs. Forster a pair of diamond earrings and a fine gold watch that was her aunts, &c. To my grand daughter Mrs. Jollott all my plate which I have not disposed of.
- 88.John Washington (Lawrence61 , Lawrence34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ), born 1633-34. Emigrated to America, and is supposed to have gone first to Barbadoes. The reasons for this belief are summarized in the following paragraph:
“Now let me say why I think that the first Emigrant might have visited Barbados. The reference to ‘cosen John’ in Theodore Pargiter’s will suggests the former’s being at Barbados. A reference to page 11 of the ‘Ancestry of Washington,’ by Mr. Waters, shows that, whereas Mrs. Washington, the mother of the first Emigrant, was buried on the 19th of January, 1654, it was not till the 8th of February, 1655, that letters of administration were issued to her son John. If that son was not absent from England, and in foreign parts, why was there so long an interval as did elapse? The Pargiters were connected with Barbados. On the 21st of May, 1653, the Council of State granted a license to Thomas Pargiter to export to Barbados fifty dozen of shoes and twelve nags. (See Calendar of State Papers, Colonial, 1574-1660, p. 402.) In 1666, Thomas Pargiter was a member of the Assembly of Barbados. (See Calendar, Colonial, 1661 to 1668, p. 352.) The fact that Tom Verney was longer in Barbados than in Virginia may be alleged with equal reason for a kinsman’s going to Barbados, just as it has been urged as a link drawing the first Emigrant to the Old Dominion, that the ne’er-do-weel Tom had been an early settler in the latter country. Again, in 1655, old style, among the settlers in Barbados was Captain Gerard Hawtayne of Calthorpe, in the County of Oxford, who was a son, or grandson, of Margaret Washington, who is noted in the pedigree attached to the pamphlet of Mr. Waters as having married Gerard Hawtayne of Esington, Oxon. It is clear from Theodore Pargiter’s words that John Washington was beyond seas about 1655, and equally clear that he was thought to be in Barbados. Then there were the Pargiter, Verney, and Hawtayne connections with Barbados. And why so long in obtaining letters of administration to his mother’s will unless he were far over sea—in fact, as Dryden has it, in
“ ‘Far Barbados on the Western Main’?”
It is not only possible but probable that the first Washington emigrant went to Barbadoes, as the prospects of improving his condition were favorable. In the early years of that island, the settlement was a slow process, prejudiced by the claims of the then Lord Chamberlain, Philip Earl of Pembroke, and the Earl of Carlisle. This matter being determined, and great encouragement being had from the Dutch, the colony increased in importance. “In 1643 (after it had been planted 17 years) there were 18,000 effective men, English inhabitants, of which 8,300 were proprietors; its value was then not one-seventeenth so considerable as in 1666, but the real strength treble what it is now; the negroes not being in 1643 above 6400, were in 1666 above 50,000; the buildings in 1643 were mean, with things only for necessity, but in 1666 plate, jewels, and household stuff were estimated at £500,000, their buildings very fair and beautiful, and their houses like castles, their sugar houses and negroes huts show themselves from the sea like so many small towns, each defended by its castle.” In spite of this apparent prosperity, the colony was being depopulated, due to the monopoly of the land in a few hands, and the factions among the planters and slave labor. Between 1643 and 1647, 1200 had gone to New England and 600 to Trinidad and Tobago; between 1646 and 1658, 2400 to Virginia and Surinam, while nearly 10,000 had been sent on military expeditions and either settled in other parts or perished.
The tradition was, as stated by Washington, that John emigrated in 1657. That he was crossing the ocean about 1658 is known from a curious incident.
The Provincial records of Maryland for 1659 contain the proceedings taken upon a complaint made by John Washington of Westmoreland County against Edward Prescott, merchant: “Accusing ye s’d Prescott of ffelony unto ye Gouvernor of this Province, alleging how that hee ye s’d Prescott hanged a witch, on his ship, as hee was outward bound from England within the last yeare, upon wich complaynt of ye s’d Washington the Govr. caused ye s’d Edward Prescott to bee arrested. Taking bond for his appearance att this Provincial Court of 40,000 lbs. Tobacco. Gyving moreover notice to ye s’d Washington, by letter of his proceedings therein, a copie of wich l’tre, with the said Washington’s answere thereto are as followeth:
“Upon yo’r complaynt to mee y’t Mr. Prescott did in his voyage from England hither cause a woman to be executed for a witch, I have caused him [to] be apprehended uppon suspition of ffelony and I’ve intend to bind him over to ye Provincial Court to answer it, where I doe allso expect you to bee to make good ye charge. Hee will be called uppon his Tryal ye 4th or 5th of October next, at ye Court, to be held there at Patux’t neare Mr. Fenwick’s house, where I suppose you will not fayle to be. Witnesses examined in Virginia will be of no value here in this case, for they must be face to face, with ye party accused, or they stand for nothing. I thought good to acquaynt you with this, that you may not come unprovided.
“This at present Sr. is all from
“29th September .
“Yors of this 29th instant, this day I received. I am sorry y’t my extraordinary occasions, will not permit me to bee at ye next provincial Court to bee held at Mary Land ye 4th of this next month. Because then, God willing, I intend to gett my young sonne baptized. All ye company and Gossips being already invited. Besides in this short time witnesses cannot bee gott to come over. But if Mr. Prescott bee bound to answer at ye next Provinciall Court after this, I shall doe what lyeth in my power, to get them over. Sr, I shall desire you for to acquaynt me, whether Mr. Prescott be bound over to ye next Court, and when ye Court is, that I may have sometime for to provide evidence.
“Yo’r ffriend & Serv’t
“30 Sept. 1659.”
In 1675 a settler was murdered in Stafford County, Virginia, which led to reprisals, and finally to a war conducted by Virginia and Maryland against the Susquehannocks. John Washington was made the commander of the Virginian forces, and was active in the treacherous slaughter of the Indian chiefs—an act condemned by Governor Berkeley. Returning to Virginia Col. John Washington took his seat in the Assembly 5 June, 1676. He married for his second wife Ann, widow of Walter Broadhurst, and daughter of Nathaniel Pope, of Gloucestershire. The name of his first wife is not known, but it is known that she crossed the ocean and was buried, with her two children, in Virginia. Nathaniel Pope of “Appomattocks, gent.,” was in Virginia as early as 1654, and in 1657 was termed lieutenant-governor. Walter Broadhurst was the eldest son of William Broadhurst of Lilleshall, Shropshire, and was among the first settlers of Maryland, mention being found in the records as early as 1639. He removed to Virginia at some time after 1647, and was a burgess from Northumberland in 1653. He died in 1656, and his will was proved in England in 1658. Colonel John Washington died about 1677.
- 106.Anne, married Francis Wright.
In the name [of] god amen. I John washington of washington parish in ye. Countie of westmerland in Virginie gent, being of good & perfect memory, thankes be unto Almighty god (for it) & Calleing to remembrance the uncertaine estate of this trans[itory] life, & that all flesh must yield unto death, when it shall plea[se] god for to Call, doe make Constitute ordaine & declare this my last will & testament in maner & forme following, reuoking & annulling by thes presents all & euery testament & testa[ments], will & wills heirtofore by me made & Declared [either by word] or by writeing & [these?] be taken only for my last will & testament & noe other, & first being hartily sorry from the bottome of my hart for my siñs past, most humbly desireing forgiueness of the same from the Almighty god (my sauiour) & redeimer, in whome & by the meritts of Jesus Christ, I trust & belieue assuredly to be saued, & to haue full remission & forgiueness of all my sins & yt. my soule wth. my body at the generall day of ressurrection shall arise againe wth. joy & through the merrits of Christ death & passion posses & inherit the Kingdom of heauen, prepared for his ellect & Chossen & my body to be buried in ye. plantation wheire I now liue, by the side of my wife yt. is already buried & two Children of mine & now for the setling of my temporall estate & such goods Chatles & debts as it hath pleased god far aboue my Deserts, to bestow upon me I doe order giue & dispose the same in maner & forme following—
first I will yt. all those debts & duties yt. I owe in right or Conscience to any mañer of person or persons wt soever shall be well & truly contented & payd or ordained to be payed by my executors * * *
Imprimis I giue & bequeath unto my eldest sonne [NA] ington yt. seat of land wheiron Henery flagg [NA] watts & Robert Hedges, being by patten seven hundred acres & being by my father [NA] pope made ouer to me & my heirs lawfully begotten of my body—
Item I give unto my soñ Lawrence washington my watter Mill wth. all appertinances & Land belonging to it a[t] the head of Rosiers Creik to him & his heirs foreuer, reserueing to my wife her thirds durring her Life.
Item I giue unto my soñ Lawrence washington yt. seate of Land wch. I bought of Mr. Lewis Maruim, being about two hundred & fifty acres, at the mouth of rosiers Crieck on ye north west side, wth. all the houseing theirunto belonging to him & his heirs for euer reserueing to my wife her thirds durring her Life—
Item I giue unto my soñ Lawrence washington yt. seat of Land at upper Machotock wch. I bought of Mr. Anthony Bridge & Mr. John Rosier being about nine hundred acres to him & his heirs foreuer, reserueing to my wife her thirds durring her life.
Item I giue unto my soñ Lawrence washington my halfe & share of fiue thousand acres of land in Stafford County wch. is betwixt Coll Nicolas spencer & myselfe wch. we are engaged yt. there shall be no benifit taken by suruiuour ship, to him & his heirs foreuer.
Item I doe giue unto my soñ Johne washington yt. plantation whereon I now liue wch. I bought of Dauid Anderson & yt. plantation next to Mr. John [Foxall?] yt. I bought (wch. was Ric. Hills) to him & his heirs for euer & yt. seate of Land of about four hundred acres wch. Lyeth uppon ye. Head of Rappahanecke Creike & adjoyning uppon David norways orphants Land the Land being formerly John Whittsons & sold to me, to him & his heirs for euer, reserueing to my wife her thirds of the afoure sayd Land during her Life.
Item I giue unto my soñ John washington yt. seate of Land wch. Robert foster now liueth on being about three hundred acres to him & his heirs foreuer, Likewise I give unto my sayd son John washington yt. seat of Land wch. Robert Richards liueth on wch. I had of my bro: Lawrence washington being about three hundred & fifty acres to him & his heirs for euer reserueing to my wife her thirds of the two sayd tracts of Land during her Life—
Item I giue & bequeath unto my daughter Añ washington yt. seate of Land yt. tract of Land yt. Tho: Jordan now liueth on being about twelve hundred acres to her & her heirs for euer, likewise I giue & bequeath unto my sayd Daughter that tract of Land whereon John fries now liueth being about fourteen hundred acres after Mr. fricke hath his quantitie out of it to her & her heirs for euer reserueing to my wife her thirds of the two above seates durring her Life.
Item I giue unto my sayd Daughter, wch. was her mother’s desire & my promise ye. Cash in ye. new parlour & the Diamond ring & her mother’s rings & the white quilt & the white Curtains & vallians—
And as for the rest of my personall estate after my debts & dues are sattisfied justly whch. I desire should be sattisfied out of my [NA] Cropps, which I doe not question but will be far more than I doe owe (thankes be unto god for it) theirfore it is my desire yt. my estate should not Come to any appraisement, but I order & bequeath a[s] followeth yt. is to say that their shall be a just Inuentory & List taken of my personall estate yt. I am possessed of & for to be deuided in quantitie & quallitie, by three men of Judgement wch. I request the Court to nominate, into foure [parts] to be equall & proportionable deuided in quantitie & qualitie the [one] fourth part I giue to my Loueing wife in kind in lew of her dower or [claime], & one fourth part to my soñ Lawrence washington in kind, and one fourth part to my soñ John washington in kind, & one fourth part to my daughter Añ washington in kind to them & either of them seuerally and their heirs for euer & it is my will yt. if either my aboue sayd children should happen to dy, before they obtaine the age of one & twenty yeares or day of mariadge, then the Land of yt. child yt. Dieth to be the eldest soñ then Liueing, & if both my soñs should dy then the Land to be my daughter Añ, & as for the personall estate if any of my three Children should happen to dy, before they Come of age or day of mariadge, then it is my will that the two suruiueing children should equally deuide the personall estate of ye. child yt. is dead betwixt them and theirs for euer.
Item I giue and bequeath after all my legacies payd out wt. mony I shall haue in England to my soñ Lawrence washington.
Item my desire is yt. their may be a funerall sermon preached at ye church & that their be no other funerall kept yt. will exceed four thousand pounds of tobacco.
Item I giue unto the Lower Church of washington parish [NA] ten Commandments and the Kings armes wch. is my desire should be sent for out of wt. mony I haue in England.
Item it is my desire yt. wt. estate I shall dy possessed should be kept intire wth.out deuideing untill all debts & dues be payd & sattisfied.
Item I giue unto my bro: Lawrence washington four thousand pounds of tobbco. & Caske.
Item I giue unto my nephew John washington my godson eldest soñ to my bro: Lawrence washington one young mare of two years old.
Item it is my desire yt. when my estate is deuided in quantitie & qualitie into foure equall parts & yt. my wife hath taken her fourth part, yt. then euery Childs part should be put put uppon their towne plant [NA] or plantations theire for to be managed to the best aduantage for the bringing up & [educating of each child] according to the proffit of each Children’s share.
Item it is my desire yt. my wife should haue the bringing up of my daughter Añ washington untill my soñ Lawrence comes to age or her day of mariadge & my wife for to haue the manadgement of her part to my daughter’s best aduantadge.
Item I doe giue to my bro: Thomas Pope teñ pounds out of ye. mony I haue in England.
Item I doe giue unto my sister Marthaw Washington teñ pounds out of ye. mony I haue in England & wt. soeuer else she shall be oweing to me for transporteing herselfe into this Country—& a year’s accomodation after her Comeing in & four thousand pounds of tobbco. & Caske.
Item it is my desire yt. my bro: Mr. Thomas Pope haue the bringing up of my soñ John Washington & for to haue the manadgement of his estate to my soñs best aduantadge untill [he] be of age of one & twenty yeares or day of mariadge—
finally I doe ordaine & appoint my bro: Mr. Lawrence washington & my sõn Lawrence washington & my Loueing wife Mrs. Añ washington my whole & soale executors of this my Last will & testament as witness my hand & seale this 21st. of 7ber 1675.
Signed & sealed in ye. presence of us
Ye 1th Jana: 1677
Then this will was proved by ye. oath of Capa. Jno. Lord, Capa. Jno. Appleton being decsd. recorded in ye. County Court records of WestmorLd.
POWER OF ATTORNEY BY THE WIDOW OF JOHN WASHINGTON.
Know all men by these presents that I Mrs. Ann Washington Widow & Relict of Capt John Washington of Westmoreland County decd, do hereby constitute, appoint and ordain my trusty and well beloved friend Mr. Caleb Butler of the said County my true and Lawfull Attorney for me and in my name, and to my use, to ask, sue, receive and recover of all person or Persons whatsoever living, residing & abiding within this Colony of Virginia or province of Maryland, all such sum or sums of money, or Tobacco which shall be made appear to be due to me whether by bill, bond or Book account or otherways & upon non-payment of any part of the above Tobacco or money by any person or persons whatsoever I do empower him the said Caleb Butler to arrest & implead and into prison cast all such person or persons as he sees fitt, and out of Prison to release & sett free at his pleasure and acquittance or other discharges to give for me & in my name and for my use, and likewise I give my said attorney full power to employ any one attorney or more if he sees fit and to discharge them at his pleasure & to act and do in all my affairs belonging to me in Virginia or Maryland as if I myself were personally present, ratifying and allowing & confirming all and whatsoever my said attorney shall act and do in the premises. As Witness my hand and seale this 28th day of March 1698.
Ann Washington. [seal.]
Sealed Signed & Delivered in presence of,
At a Court held for the Said County the 30th day of March 1698.
The above Letter of attorney was proved by the oaths of the Witnesses thereto subscribed and ordered to be recorded.
James Westcomb C. W. C.
- 89.Lawrence Washington (Lawrence61 , Lawrence34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ), baptized at Tring, co. Herts., 23 June, 1635. He married, 26 January, 1660, at Luton, co. Beds., Mary, daughter of Edmund Jones of Luton, gent., and by her had one child.
- 107.Mary, baptized 22 December, 1663, married Edward Gibson, vicar of Hawnes. “She probably died before her husband, if I draw the right inference from his will, proved 17 June, 1732, which does not mention a wife.”—Waters.
There is no evidence of Lawrence being in Virginia before 1667, when he obtained a grant of land in Stafford County, jointly with Robert Richards. He married in Virginia a widow with three daughters, about whose name there is some doubt. She is supposed to have been Jane or Joyce Fleming, widow of Captain Alexander Fleming.
By her he had issue:
— a daughter, died in infancy.
Lawrence died in 1677. His wife survived him and married again, a man who wasted her property.
In the name of God, Amen.
I, Lawrence Washington, of the county of Rappac., being sick and weak in body, but of sound and perfect memory, do make and ordain this, my last will and testament, hereby revoking, annulling, and making void all former wills and Codicells, heretofore by me made, either by word or writing, and this only to be taken for my last will and testament.
Imprs. I give and bequeath my Soule into the hands of Almighty God, hoping and trusting through the mercy of Jesus Christ, my one Savior and redeemer, to receive full pardon and forgiveness of all my sinns, and my body to the earth, to be buried in comely and decent manner, by my Executrix hereafter named, and for my worldly goods, I thus dispose them. Item, I give and bequeath unto my loving daughter, Mary Washington, my whole estate in England, both reall and personall, to her and the heirs of her body, lawfully begotten, forever, to be delivered into her possession immediately after my decease, by my Executrix hereafter named. I give and bequeath unto my aforesaid daughter, Mary Washington, my smallest stone ring and one silver cup, now in my possession, to her and her heirs, forever, to be delivered to her immediately after my decease. I give and bequeath unto my loving son, John Washington, all my bookes, to him and his heirs, forever, to be delivered to him when he shall come to the age of Twenty-one yeares. I give and bequeath unto my son, John, and daughter, Ann Washington, all the rest of my plate, but what is before exprest to be equally divided between them, and delivered into their possession when they come of age. Item, my will is, that all my debts which of right and justice I owe to any man be justly and truly paid, as allso my funerall expenses, after which my will is, that all my whole estate, both reall and personall, be equally divided between my loving wife, Jane Washington, and the two children God hath given me by her Vizt. John and Ann Washington. I give and bequeath it all to them, and the heires of their bodies, lawfully begotten, forever, my sonn’s part to be delivered to him when he come of age, and my daughter’s part when she comes of age or day of marriage, which shall first happen. Item, my will is, that that land which became due to me in right of my wife, lying on the South Side of the river, formerly belonging to Capt. Alexander Fleming, and commonly known by the name of West Falco, be sold by my Executrix hereafter named, for the payment of my debts, immediately after my decease. Item, my will is, that the land I have formerly entred with Capt. Wm. Mosely, be forthwith after my decease, surveyed and pattented by my Execx. hereafter named, and if it shall amount to the quantity of one thousand acres, then I give and bequeath unto Alexander Barrow, two hundred acres of the sd. land, to him and his heires, forever, the remainder I give and bequeath unto my loving wife afores’d and two children, to them and their heires, forever, to be equally divided between them. Item, my will is, that if it shall please God to take my daughter Mary out of the world before she comes of age, or have heirs lawfully begotten of her body, then I give and bequeath my land in England, which by my will I have given to her, unto my son, John Washington and his heirs, and the personall estate which I have given to her, I give and bequeath the same unto my daughter, Ann Washington and her heires, forever. Item, I do hereby make and ordain my loving wife, Jane Washington, Executrix of this my last will and testament, to see it performed, and I do hereby make and appoint my dear and loveing Brother Coll John Washington, and my loveing friend Thomas Hawkins (in case of the death or neglect of my executrix), to be the overseers and gardians of my Children untill they come of age to the truth whereof I have hereunto Sett my hand and Seale, this 27th of September, 1675.
Lawrence Washington. [seal.]
Signed Sealed and declared to be his last will and testament, in the presence of us.
John B. Barrow.
Henry Sandy, Junr.
A codicil of the last will and testament of Lawrence Washington, annexed to his will, and made September 27th, 1675,
Item, my will is, that my part of the land I now live upon, which became due to me by marriage of my wife, I leave it wholly and solely to her disposable after my decease, as witness my hand, the day and year above written.
Lawrence Washington. [seal.]
Signed Sealed and declared to be a Codicil of my last will and testament, in the presence of us.
Henry Sandy, Junr.
The above named Henry Sandy, Junr. aged 17 yeares, or thereab’ts, sworn and examined, saith, that he did see the above named Lawrence Washington, Sign, Seale, and publish the above mentioned, to be his last will and testament and that he was in perfect sence and memory at the Signing, Sealing and publishing thereof, to the best of your deponents Judgment.
Juratus est Henricus Sandy, in Cur. Com. Rappkac. Sexto die, Jany, Ano 1677. Jr Saca end pr and probat.
Edmd Crask, Cl Cy.
A Copy, Teste
James Roy Micou, Clerk,
Essex County Court,
State of Virginia.
- 104.Lawrence Washington (John88 , Lawrence61 , Lawrence34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ), born at Bridges’ Creek, married Mildred, daughter of Colonel Augustine Warner, of Gloucester County, Virginia, settled in Gloucester County, on the Piankatank River, and he died in 1697-98.Issue:
- 112.Mildred. Married(1) Roger Gregory, by whom she had three daughters:
- i. Frances, married Francis Thornton.
- ii. Mildred, married John Thornton.
- iii. Elizabeth, married Reuben Thornton.
(2) Colonel Henry Willis, by whom she had a son, iv. Col. Lewis Willis, of Fredericksburgh.
On the death of Lawrence Washington, his widow Mildred went to England, with her children, and in November, 1700, applied for probate at London on Lawrence’s will, alleging that her husband had died a year before (“ad annum elapsum mortem obiisse”). In the meantime she had married George Gale, of Whitehaven, Cumberland. He was probably the son of George Gale, who came to Maryland in 1690, and married Elizabeth, daughter of Levin Denwood, of Somerset county, Maryland.
“Mildred Gale lived only a few weeks after the grant of probate was issued to her. Her own will was made January 24, 1700-1, and it was proved in the Archdeaconry Court of Richmond (Copeland Deanery) March 18 following; she is therein described as wife of George Gale of Whitehaven, Cumberland, ‘being doubtful of the recovery of my present sickness;’ she mentions that ‘by an Indenture of Marriage made and executed by and between John Washington one of the Executors of my late husband’s will of the one part, and my present husband George Gale with my own consent and approbation thereof of the other part bearing date 16 May in the present year 1700 I am empowered to devise by will or other instrument the estate and legacys of my late husband to the uses and purposes therein mentioned’—and she proceeded to bequeath £1000 to her said husband, and the residue of her property equally between her said husband and her children. When George Gale took probate of her will, he had to give bond for the tuition of the children, and their names appear as John, Augustine (father of the President), and Mildred Washington.
“Mildred Gale was buried at St. Nicholas’, Whitehaven, January 30, 1700-1, but there is not any extant memorial to her in either the church or churchyard. The ‘sickness’ to which she alludes in her will, is sufficiently explained by an entry of the same Parish Register, thus: Baptism, Jan. 25, 1700-1, Mildred daughter of George Gale; and later on appears the burial of Mildred, dau. of George Gale, March 26, 1701.”
In the Name of God amen I Lawrence Washington of Washton Parish in the County of Westmoreland in Virginia, Gentleman, being of Good and perfect memory, thanks be unto Almighty God for it & calling to mind the uncertain Estate of this Transitory life & that all Flesh must yield unto death when it shall please God to call me doe make constitute, ordain & Declare this my last will, and Testament in manner and form following, revoking and annulling by these presents all and every Testament and Testaments, will or wills heretofore by me made and declared either by word or writing & this to be taken only for my last will and Testament and none other, and first being heartily sorry from the bottom of my heart for my sins, most humbly desireing forgiveness of the same from the Almighty God my saviour & Redeemer, in whome by the merits of Jesus Christ, I Trust and believe assuredly to be saved and to have full remission & forgiveness of all my sins and that my soal with my body at the General day of Resurrection shall rise again with Joy, and through the Merits of Christs Death and passion, possess & Inherit the Kingdom of Heaven prepared for his Elect & chosen and my body to be buried if please God I depart in this County of Westmoreland, by the side of my Father and Mother & neare my Brothers & Sisters & my children, and now for the setling of my Temporal Estate and such goods, Chattles and debts as it hath pleased God far above my desarts to bestow upon me I doe ordain give and bequeath the same in manner and form following: Imprimis I [will] that all those Debts and dues that I owe in right or Conscience to any manner of Person or Persons whatsoever shall be well contented & paid or ordained or demanded to be paid by my Executors or Extx: hereafter named. Item I give and bequeath to my well beloved friends Mr. William Thompson clk & Mr. Samuel Thompson each of them a mourning Ring of Thirty shillings value each ring: Item I give and bequeath to my Godson Lawrence Butler one young mare & two cows: Item I give and bequeath to my sister Anne Writts children one man servant a piece of four or five years to serve or Three Thousand pounds of Tobacco to purchase the same, to be delivered or paid to them when they arrive to the age of Twenty years old: Item I give and bequeath to my sister Lewis a morning Wring of forty shillings price: Item I give to my Cuz: John Washington Sen: of Stafford County all my wearing apparel: Item I give unto my Cozen John Washington’s Eldest son Lawrence Washington my Godson one man servant of four or five years to serve or Three Thousand pounds of Tobacco to purchase the same: to be paid him when he comes to the age of Twenty one yeare old: Item I give to my godsons Lawrence Butler & Lewis Nicholas that Tract of Land joining upon Meridah Edwards and Daniel White, being Two hundred and seventy five acres of Land to be equally divided between them and their heirs forever: Item I give to the upper and Lower Churches of Washington parish each of them a Pulpett cloth & cushion: Item it is my will to have a Funeral sermon at the church, and to have none other Funeral to exceed Three Thousand pounds of Tobacco. Item it is my will after my Debts & Legacies are paid, that my personal Estate be equally divided into four parts: my loving Wife Mildred Washington to have one part, my son John Washington to have another part, my son Augustin Washington to have another Part, and my Daughter Mildred Washington to have the other part: to be delivered to them in specie when they shall come to the age of Twenty one years old. Item I give to my son [John] Washington this seat of Land where I now live, and that whole tract of Land Lying from the mouth of Machodack extending to a place called the round hills, with the addition I have thereunto made of William Webb and William Rush to him and heirs forever. Item I give and bequeath unto my Son Augustine Washington all the dividend of Land that I bought of Mr. Robert Liston’s Children in England Lying in Mattox, between my Brother & Mr. Balridges Land, where Mr. Daniel Liston formerly lived, by Estimation 400 acres to him and his heirs forever, as Likewise that Land that was Richard Hills: Item I give and bequeath unto my said Son Augustine Washington, all that Tract of Land where Mr. Lewis Markham now lives after the said Markhams and his now wife’s deceased, by estimation 700 acres more or less to him and his heirs forever: Item I give and bequeath my daugher Mildred Washington all my Land in Stafford County, Lying upon hunting Creek where Mrs. Elizabeth Minton & Mrs. Williams now lives by Estimation 2500 acres to her and her heirs forever. Item I give my water mill to my son John Washington to him and his heirs forever: Item it is my will and desire if either of my children should die before they come to age or day of marriage, his or her personal estate be equally divided between the two survivors and their Mother: Item it is my will and desire if all my Children should die before they come of age or day of Marriage, that my Brother’s children shall enjoy all their Estate real, Except that Land that I bought of Mr. Robert Liston’s children, which I give to my loving wife and her heirs forever, and the rest as aforesaid to them and their heirs for ever: Item I give my personall Estate in case of all my children’s death as abovesaid, to be equally divided between my Wife and Brother’s children, my wife to have the onehalf. Item I give that Land which I bought of my Brother Francis Wright, being 200 acres lying near Storkes Quarter, to my son John Washington and his heirs for ever: Item it is my desire that my [estate] should not be appraised but kept intire and delivered them as above given according to time & my Children to continue under the care & Tuition of their Mother, till they come of age or day of marriage, and she to have the profits of their Estates towards the bringing of them up and Keep-them at school: Item I doe ordain and appoint my Cozen John Washington of Stafford and my friend Mr. Samuel Thompson my Executors, and my loving wife Mildred Washington my Executrix of this my last Will & Testament. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seale this 11th day of March Anno Dom 169⅞.
Lawrence Washington. [Seal.]
Signed Seald declared & pronounced in presence of us,
At a Court held for the said County the 30th day of March 1698.
The last will and Testament of Lawrence Washington Gent deced within written was proved by the oaths of George Weedon Thomas Howes & John Rosier. Three of the witnesses thereof subscribed, and a probate thereof Granted to Samuel Thompson one of the Executors therein named, and the Will ordered to be recorded.
James Westcomb, C. W. C.
- 105.John Washington (John88 , Lawrence61 , Lawrence34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ), born at Bridges’ Creek, and was settled in Westmoreland. The name of the wife is unknown. Issue:
- 108.John Washington (Lawrence89 , Lawrence61 , Lawrence34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ), married Mary, daughter of Colonel Robert and Mary (Langhorne) Townshend. He was sheriff of Stafford County in 1717-18. Issue:
- 117Lawrence, born about 1692-93, and probably died before 1699.
- 118 A daughter, who died before 1699.
- 120John, said to have married — Massy, and had a son, Lawrence.
Virginia, June ye 22d, 1699
Dear & Loving Sister,
I had the happiness to see a Letter which you sent to my Aunt Howard, who died about a year and a half ago; I had heard of you by her before, but could not tell whether you were alive or not. It was truly great joy to hear that I had such a relation alive as yourself; not having any such a one by my Father’s side as yourself. My Father had one Daughter by my Mother, who died when she was very young, before my remembrance. My Mother had three daughters when my Father married her, one died last winter, and left four or five children, the other two are alive & married and have had several children. My Mother married another man after my Father, who spent all, so that I had not the value of twenty shillings of my Father’s estate, I being the youngest & therefore the weakest, which generally comes off short. But I thank God my Fortune has been pretty good since, as I have got a kind and loving wife, by whom I have had three sons and a daughter, of which I have buried my daughter and one son. I am afraid I shall never have the happiness of seeing you, since it has pleased God to set us at such a distance, but hoping to hear from you by all opportunities, which you shall assuredly do from him that is
Your ever loving Brother till death
If you write to me direct yours to me in Stafford county, on Potomack River in Virginia. Vale.
To Mrs. Mary Gibson, living at Hawne’s in Bedf’s. These sent with care.
- 110.John Washington (Lawrence104 , John88 , Lawrence61 , Lawrence34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ) settled in Gloucester County, where he married Catherine, daughter of Colonel Henry Whiting, of Gloucester County. He was a vestryman of Petsworth Parish. His wife died in 1743, and he died 1 September, 1746.
“Underneath this stone lyeth interred the body of Mrs. Katharine Washington, wife of Major John Washington, and daughter of Col. Henry Whiting by Elizabeth his wife, born May 22, 1694. She was in her several stations a loving and obedient wife, a tender and indulgent mother, a kind and considerate mistress, and above all an exemplary Christian. She departed this life February 7, 1743, aged 49 years, to the great grief of all that had the happiness of her acquaintance.”
- 122.Mildred, twice married.
- 123.Elizabeth, born about 1716, died unmarried.
“In a well grounded certainty of an immortal resurrection, here lie the remains of Elizabeth, the daughter of John and Katharine Washington. She was a maiden virtuous without reservedness, wise without affectation, beautiful without knowing it. She left this life on the 3rd day of February 1736, in the twentieth year of her age.”
- 124.Catherine, married Fielding Lewis, and had children i. John; ii. Frances, died without issue.
- 111.Augustine Washington (Lawrence104 , John88 , Lawrence61 , Lawrence34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ), born in Westmoreland, Virginia, in 1694; was taken to England by his mother, and returning married, 20 April, 1715, Jane, daughter of Caleb Butler, a prominent lawyer of Westmoreland, She died in 1728, leaving issue:
- 126.Butler, died in infancy.
- 127.Jane, died young, in 1735.
He married, 6 March, 1730-31 (2) Mary, daughter of Colonel Joseph Ball of Epping Forest, and his second wife, Mrs. Mary Johnson (believed to have been a Miss Montague. About 1734-35 Augustine removed to an estate on the upper Potomac, and later to a plantation which he had purchased in 1726 for £180 from his sister Mildred Gregory, and which he conveyed in 1740 to his son Lawrence, who called it Mount Vernon. In 1735 he was sworn as a vestryman of Truro Parish, and went to England in 1736, returning in July, 1737. He probably removed, about 1740, to King George County, where his will was recorded. He died 12 April, 1743. Issue by his second marriage:
- 130.George, married Martha, daughter of John Dandridge, and widow of John Parke Custis.
- 131.Elizabeth, born 20 June, 1733, married Fielding Lewis, and had children (Lewis):
She died 31 March, 1797.
- i. Fielding.
- ii. George.
- iii. Elizabeth.
- iv. Lawrence.
- v. Robert.
- vi. Howell.
- 133.John Augustin.
- 135.Mildred, died 23 October, 1740, aged one year and four months.
In the Name of God Amen. I Augustine Washington of the County of King George Gent, being sick and weak but of perfect and disposing sence and memory do make my last Will and Testament in manner following hereby Revoking all former Will or Wills whatsoever by me heretofore made
Imprimis I give unto my son Lawrence Washington & his heirs forever, all that Plantation and Tract of Land at Hunting Creek in the County of Prince William Containing by Estimation Two Thousand five hundred acres with the water mill adjoyning thereto or lying near the same. And all the slaves, Cattle & Stocke of all kinds whatsoever and all the household Furniture whatsoever now in & upon or which have been Commonly possessed by my said son Together with the said Plantation Tract of Land and Mill.
Item I Give unto my son Augustine Washington and his heirs for ever all my Lands in the County of Westmoreland except such only as are hereinafter otherwise disposed of. Together with Twenty five head of Neat Cattle forty hogs Twenty sheep and a Negro Man named Frank besides those negroes formerly given him by his Mother.
Item I Give unto my said son Augustine three young working slaves to be purchased for him out of the first profits of the Iron works after my Decease.
Item I give unto my son George Washington and his heirs the Land I now Live on which I purchased of the Executrix of Mr. Wm. Strother dec’d and one Moiety of my Land lying on Deep Run and Ten Negro Slaves.
Item I give unto my son Samuel Washington and his heirs my Land at Chotank in the County of Stafford Containing about six hundred acres and also the other moiety of my Land lying on Deep Run.
Item I give unto my son John Washington and his heirs my Land at the head of Maddox in the County of Westmoreland Containing about seven hundred acres.
Item I give unto my son Charles Washington and his heirs the Land I purchased of my son Lawrence Washington (whereon Thomas Lewis now Lives) adjoyning to my said son Lawrence’s Land above devised I also Give unto my said son Charles & his heirs the Land I purchased of Gabriel Adams in the County of Prince William Containing about seven hundred acres.
Item It is my will & desire that all the Rest of my Negroes not herein particularly Devised may be equally Divided between my wife and my three sons, Samuel, John and Charles & that, Ned, Jack, Bob, Sue & Lucy may be Included in my wifes part, which part of my said wife after her decease I desire may be equally divided between my sons George, Samuel, John & Charles and the part of my said Negro’s so devised to my wife I mean & Intend to be in full satisfaction & Lieu of her Dower in my Negro’s. But if she should insist notwithstanding on her Right of Dower in my Negro’s I will & desire that so many as may be wanting to make up her share may be taken out of the Negro’s given hereby to my sons George, Sam . John and Charles.
Item I Give and Bequeath unto my said wife and my four sons, George, Samuel, John and Charles all the rest of my personal Estate to be equally Divided between them which is not particularly devised by this my will. And it is my Will and desire that my said four son’s Estates may be kept in my wife’s hand untill they respectively attain the Age of Twenty one years in Case my wife Continues so long unmarried, but in Case she should happen to marry before that time, I Desire it may be in the power of my Executors to oblige her husband from time to time as they shall think proper to give Security for the performance of this my Last Will in paying and Delivering my four sons their Estates respectively as they Come of age, or on failure to give such Security to take my said Sons & their Estates out of the Custody & Tuition of my said wife and her Husband.
Item I Give and bequeath unto my said wife the Crops made at Bridge Creek, Chotank and Rappahannock Quarters at the time of my Decease for the support of herself and her Children and I desire my wife may have the Liberty of working my Land at Bridge Creek Quarter for the term of Five Years next after my Decease during which time she may fix a Quarter on Deep Run.
Item I give to my son Lawrence Washington and the heirs of his Body Lawfully begotten that Tract of Land I purchased of Mr. James Nore adjoining to the said Law. Washington’s Land on Mattox in the County of Westmoreland which I Gave him in Lieu of the Land my said son bought for me in prince William County of Spencer & Harrison and for want of such heirs I give and devise the same to my son Augustine and his heirs forever.
Item I give to my said son Lawrence all the right Title and Interest I have to in or out of the Iron works in which I am concerned in Virginia & Maryland provided that he do and shall out of the profits raised thereby purchase for my said Augustine three Young Working Slaves as I have hereinbefore directed, and also paying my Daughter Betty when she arrives to the age of eighteen years the sum of four hundred pounds, which Right Title & Interest on the Condition aforesaid I give to my said son Lawrence and his heirs forever.
Item I give unto my said daughter Betty a Negro Child named Mary Daughter of Sue, & another named Betty Daughter of Judy.
Item it is my will & desire that my sons Lawrence and Augustine do pay out of the respective Estates devised to them one half or moiety of the Debts I Justly owe and for that purpose I give and Bequeath unto my said Two sons one half of the Debts due & owing to me.
Item Forasmuch as my several Children in this my will mentioned being by several Ventures cannot inherit from one another in order to make a proper Provision agt. their dying without Issue, It is my will and desire that in Case my son Lawrence should dye without heirs of his body Lawfully begotten that then the Land and Mill given him by this my Will lying in the County of Prince William shall go & remain to my son George & his heirs, but in Case my son Augustine should Choose to have the said Lands Rather than the Lands he holds in Maddox either by this will or any settlement Then I give & devise the said Lands in Prince William to my said son Augustine and his heirs, on his Conveying the said Lands in Maddox to my said son George and his heirs And in Case my said son Augustine shall happen to die without issue of his Body Lawfully begotten Then I give and bequeath all the said Lands by him held in Maddox to my said son George and his heirs. And if both my sons Lawrence and Augustine should happen to die without Issue of their several Body’s begotten Then my will & desire is that my son George and his heirs may have his and their Choice either to have the Lands of my son Lawrence or the Lands of my son Augustine to hold to him and his heirs and the Land of such of my said sons Lawrence or Augustine as shall not be so Chosen by my son George or his heirs shall go to and be equally Divided among my sons Samuel John & Charles and their heirs share and share alike and in Case my son George by the death of both or either of my sons Lawrence & Augustine should according to this my Intention come to be possessed of either of the Lands then my will & desire is that ye. Land hereby devised to my said son George and his heirs should Go over and be equally divided between my sons Samuel & John and their heirs share and share alike. And in Case all my children by my present wife should happen to die without Issue of their Body’s Then my will and desire is that all the Lands by this my will devised to any of my said Children should go to my sons Augustine & Lawrence if Living & to their heirs or if one of them should be dead without Issue then to the Survivor & his heirs. but my true Intent and meaning is that each of my Children by my present wife may have their Lands in fee simple upon the Contingency, of their arriving at full age or Leaving heirs of their Body’s Lawfully begotten or on their dying under age and without Lawfull Issue their several parts to descend from one to another according to their Course of descents, and the Remainder over of their or any of their Land in the Clause mentioned to my sons Lawrence & Augustine or the survivor of them is only upon the Contingency of all my said Children by my present wife dying under age or without Issue Living my sons Lawrence and Augustine or either of them.
Lastly I Constitute and appoint my son Lawrence Washington and my good friends Daniel McCarty and Nathaniel Chapman, Gent. Executors of this my cast Will and Testament. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & Seal the Eleventh day of April 1743.
Augus. Washington. [seal.]
Signed sealed and Published
In the presence of us
Provided further that if my Lands at Chotank devised to my son Samuel should by Course of Law be taken away then I give to the said Samuel in lieu thereof a Tract of Land in Westmoreland County where Benja. Weeks and Thomas Finch now lives by estimation seven hundred acres. Item I bequeath to my son George One Lot of Land in the Town of Fredericksburgh which I purchased of Colo. John Waller also two other Lots in the said Town which I purchased of the Executors of Colo. Henry Willis with all the houses and Appurtenances thereunto belonging. And whereas some proposals have been made by Mr. Anthony Strother for purchasing a piece of Land where Mathew Tiffy Lately liv’d now if my Executors shall think it for the Benefit of my son George then I hereby empower them to make a Conveyance of the said Land and Premises to the said Strother. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seale the eleventh day of April 1743.
Augus. Washington. [seal.]
Signed sealed and Published
In the presence of us
At a Court held for King George County the 6o day of May 1743.
The Last Will and Testament of Augustine Washington Gent was presented into Court by Lawrence Washington one of his Executors who made Oath thereto and the same was proved by the Oath of Anthony Strother and James Thompson and admitted to Record.
Mary (Ball) Washington survived her husband, and lived till September, 1789.
In the Name of God! amen—I Mary Washington of Fredericksg. in the County of Spotsylvania, being in good health, but calling to mind the uncertainty of this Life and willing to dispose of what remains of my worldly Estate, do make & publish this my last will, recommending my Soul into the Hands of my Creator, hoping for a remission of all my sins through the merits & mediation of Jesus Christ, the Saveour of Mankind; I dispose of all my worldly Estate as follows—
Imprimis I give to my son General George Washington all my lands on Accokeek Run in the County of Stafford & also my Negroe Boy George to him and his Heirs for ever, & also my best bed, beadstead of Virginia Cloth Curtains (the same that stands in my best Room) my quilted blue & white Quilt & my best dressing Glass—
Item I give and devise to my son Charles Washington my negroe Man Tom to him & his assigns for ever.
Item I give and devise to my Daughter Betty Lewis my Phæton & my bay Horse
Item I give & devise to my Daughter in Law Hannah Washington my purple Cloath cloak lined with Shag.
Item I give & devise to my grandson Corbin Washington my Negroe wench Old Bet my riding Chair & two blk Horses, to him and his assigns for ever.
Item I give and devise to my grandson Fielding Lewis my Negroe man Frederick to him & his assigns for ever, also eight silver tablespoons, half my crokery ware, of the blue & white Tea china, book case, oval table, my Bed bedstead, one pr. sheets, one pr. blankets & white cotton counterpaine, two table cloaths, six red leather chairs, half my pewter & one half of my Iron kitchen Furniture—
Item I give and devise to my grandson Lawrence Lewis my negro wench Lydia to him and his assigns for ever.
Item I give and devise to my grand daughter Betty Carter my negro woman little Bet & her future increase to her and her assigns for ever—also my largest looking glass my walnut writing Desk with Drawers, a square dining table, one Bed, Bedstead, bolster, one pillow, one blanket & pr. sheets, white Virginia cloth Counterpane & purple Curtains, my red and white tea China, spoons & the other half of my pewter, crockery ware, & the remainder of my Iron kitchen Furniture.
Item I give to my grand Son George Washington my next best dressing Glass one Bead, Bedstead bolsters, 1 pillow, 1 pr. sheet, Blanket & counterpane.
Item I devise all my wearing apparel to be equally divided between my grand Daughters, Betty Carter, Fanny Ball, & Milly Washington—but shou’d my Daughter Betty Lewis fancy any one two or three articles, she is to have them before a division thereof—
Lastly I nominate & appoint my said son General George Washington Executor of this my will, and as I owe few or no debts, I direct my Executor to give no security, nor to appraise my Estate, but desire the same may be allotted to my Devisees with as little trouble & delay as may be—desiring their acceptance thereof as a little Token I now have to give them of my love for them. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my Hand and seal this 20th day of May 1788.
Signed sealed and published in our presence & signed by us in the presence of the sd Mary Washington & at her desire.
At a Court of Hustings held for the town & Corporation of Fredericksburg the 23d. day of October 1789.
The last Will and Testament of Mary Washington Decd. was proved by the Oath of James Mercer, Esq. one of the Witnesses thereto and Ordered to be certified.
Jno. Chew, C. C. H.
At a Court of Hustings held for the Town & Corporation of Fredericksburg the 22d. day of October 1804
The last will & testament of Mary Washington, decd. was further proved by the Oath of Joseph Walker, another Witness thereto and ordered to be Recorded.
Jno. Chew, C. C. H.
- 116.Henry Washington (John105 , John88 , Lawrence61 , Lawrence34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ) of Stafford County, Justice in 1731 and 1745. The name of his wife is not known, but it is conjectured to have been Butler or Baily. He died in October, 1747, having issue:
- 136.Lawrence, died before 1747.
In the name of God Amen—I Henry Washington of Stafford County being sick and weak in body, but of perfect and sound memory thanks to Almighty God for the same, and considering the shortness of human life do make and ordain, this my last will and testament in manner & form as follows. I give & bequeath my soul unto the Almighty God that gave it hoping for the remission of my sins through the merits of Jesus Christ, my blessed redeemer, and my body to the earth to be decently buried, at the discretion of my Excrs—hereafter mentioned. And as for what estate it has been pleased God to bestow upon me, I give & bequeath in the following manner. Item—I give and bequeath to my Grandson Lawrence Washington all my land in Mattox—together with the following negroes namely [names omitted] but if the said Lawrence Washington should die without heirs lawfully begotten of his body or before he arrives at the age of twenty one years, then the said slaves to be equally divided between my sons John Washington & Baily Washington, & their heirs, and my land before given unto Law— Washington part of that I purchased of John Elliott, the other part escheated to my son Baily Washington and his heirs. I give unto my son John Washington my plantation whereon I now live together with what other land I have purchased adjoining to it with moiety of the negroes not already given away to him & the said John Washington and his heirs. I give and bequeath unto my son Baily Washington all my land at Aquia with the other moiety of the negroes not already given away, and in consideration of the work of two slaves left the said Baily by his Grand mother, since her death, I give unto him Fifty pounds to be paid out of my estate not already given away, and if the said Baily, shall not think the above fifty pounds sufficient for the work of the said slaves, but shall issue suit against my son John & Grandson Lawrence, then it is my desire that two negroes of the moiety allotted to him the said Baily between the age of twelve & forty years together with the said fifty pounds shall be divided between my son John & Grandson Lawrence. It is my will and desire that my Excrs—or my son John Washington when he comes to the age of twenty one years shall buy two slaves, a boy & a girl between the age of twelve & Eighteen years out of the estate of the aforesaid John & Baily for the use of my Daughter in law Eliza Washington during her natural life and afterwards that the said negro Boy and girl, with her increase revert unto my Grandson Lawrence Washington and likewise that the said Eliza Washington shall have two full shares of the crop made at Mattox annually paid her until the said slaves be purchased, the clothing working tools, levys and provision be deducted, and if the said Lawrence should die before he arrives at twenty one years of age, or without heirs lawfully begotten of his body then the said negroes with their increase to be equally divided between my sons John & Baily & their heirs. It is my will & desire, that my Excrs shall settle a quarter on the Aquia land soon as they can, the expense of which to be paid out of the money left to my sons John & Baily, that my son John when he arrives at the age of twenty one years shall build or cause to be built on the land at Aquia a dwelling house and Kitchen with other convenient out houses equal to the buildings on the plantation where I now live the expense to be equally paid out of the estate left to them, the said John & Baily & that the benefit of the carpenter work I have left to go in with the expense of the building, or if my son Baily shall think it more for his advantage to desist building the said dwelling house & Kitchen on Aquia creek, I hereby do desire my son John to assist him in building a suitable quarter, two forty foot tobacco houses & pay to the said Baily one hundred pounds in lieu of the dwelling house, out houses & Kitchen, out of his own particular share, of the estate allotted, if the aforesaid Baily should prefer it to the buildings before mentioned, I give & bequeath to my sons John & Baily all my household stuff & stock on the plantation whereon I now live to be equally divided between them & hereby empower my Excrs to sell any part of the perishable effects belonging to my son Baily for his the said Baily’s use. It is likewise my desire that if my Grandson Lawrence Washington or his heirs shall ever issue suit against my son John or his heirs for the recovery of the land on which I now live, then the said Law— Washington & his heirs shall forfeit their right to the land given him at Mattox with all the slaves & their future increase. As to what money & tobacco I have by me or is due by amount together with the crop now on the plantation, after all necessary goods are procured & my Just debts paid, I desire the remainder of the tobacco be sold for cash to be equally divided between my sons John and Baily likewise I desire the remainder of the tobacco at Mattox after goods for the child and the negroes with working tools are procured to be sold for cash to be put out to interest for the use of my Grandson Lawrence. It is my further desire that the negroes may not be divided, till my son John arrives at the age of twenty one years, or at the discretion of my Excrs—& that my estate be not appraised, but divided by my Excrs or other persons as they shall believe as equally as may be, hereby empowering them to value the said estate when they take an inventory of the same. Lastly I constitute & appoint my trusty friends Augustine Washington, Cadwallader Dade, John Washington, Senr & my sons John & Baily Washington as they come of age to be the Excrs of this my last will & testament. Witness my hand & seal this 2d day of Feb 1747-8.
Henry Washington. [Seal.]
Admitted to probate Nov. 8th, 1748. H. Tyler, Cl. Clur.
A copy. Teste C. A. Bryan, Clerk of the County Court of Stafford County.
- 119.Townsend Washington (John208, Lawrence89 , Lawrence61 , Lawrence34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ) of Green Hill, born 16 September, 1705. Married Elizabeth Lund. Issue:
- 140.Lawrence, died without issue November, 1799.
- 141.Lund, married Elizabeth Foote. No surviving issue.
- 142.Catherine, married John Washington (137).
- 121.Warner Washington (John110 , Lawrence104 , John88 , Lawrence61 , Lawrenge34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ), of Gloucester County; removed to Frederick County, and died there 1791. Married (1) Elizabeth, daughter of William Macon of Kent County, and by her had:
- 144.Warner, who married (1) Mary Whiting and (2) Sarah Rootes.(2) Hannah, youngest daughter of William Fairfax. Issue:
- 145.Fairfax, married Sarah Armistead.
- 146.Whiting, married Rebecca Smith.
- 147.Mildred, married Alban Throckmorton.
- 148.Hannah, married Peter Beverley Whiting.
- 149.Catherine, married John Nelson.
- 150.Elizabeth, married George Booth.
- 151.Louisa, married Thomas Fairfax.
- 125.Henry Washington (John108 , Lawrence89 , Lawrence61 , Lawrence34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ), of Machotock, married Anne, a daughter of Colonel Edwin Thacker and his wife Frances. Anne was born 3 August, 1728. Issue:
- 152.Thacker, married 12 October, 1776, Harriet, daughter of Sir John Peyton.— Two or three daughters.
- 128.Lawrence Washington (Augustine111 , Lawrence104 , John88 , Lawrence61 , Lawrence34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ) was sent to school at Appleby, near Whitehaven, England. He served as a captain in the Virginia regiment at Cartagena, 1741-42. Married, 19 July, 1743, Anne Fairfax, daughter of William Fairfax.Issue:
- 153.Jane, born 27 September, 1744; died January, 1745.
- 154.Fairfax, born 22 August, 1747; died, October, 1747.
- 155.Mildred, born 28 September, 1748; died, 1749.
- 156.Sarah, born 7 November, 1750.
His wife survived him and married Colonel George Lee.
In the name of God Amen, I Lawrence Washington of Truro parish, in Fairfax County, and Colony of Virginia, Gent.—knowing the uncertainty of this transitory life, and being in sound and disposing mind and memory do make this my last Wills and Testament, hereby revoking and disannulling all other Wills and Testaments by me at any time heretofore made. Imprimis, my will and desire is, that a proper vault, for interment, may be made on my home plantation, Wherein my remains together with my three children may be decently placed; and to serve for my wife, and such other of the family as may desire it.
Item, my Will and desire is that my Funeral charges and respective debts be first paid and discharged, out of such of my personal estate as my Executors hereafter to be named shall think best and most adviseable to be disposed of for that purpose. Item, my will and desire is that my loving Wife, have the use benefits and profits of all my Lands on Little Hunting and Doegs Creeks, in the County of Truro and County of Fairfax with all the Houses and Edifices thereon, during her natural life, likewise the use, labour, and profits arising from the one half of all my Negroes, as my said wife and Executors may agree in dividing them. Negro Moll and her issue, to be included in my wife’s part of the said Negroes. I also divise that my said wife may have the use of the Lands surveyed on the south fork of Bullskin, in the County of Frederick; during her natural Life, but in case of my daughter Sarah dying without issue before her said Mother, then I give and devize my said Bullskin Tract, to my said Wife; to her and her Heirs forever. Item, it is my Will and desire that all my Household Goods and furniture with the liquors to be appraised and valued by three persons to be chosen by my wife and Executors, and that my wife have the liberty of choosing any part of the said Household goods and furniture to the amount of a full moiety of the whole sum, which they shall be appraised to, which part I give and bequeath to her and her Heirs forever; the other moiety to be sold, and the money arising applied towards the payment of my Debts.
Item, What I have herein devised and left to my Wife I intend to be in Lieu, and in stead, of her right of Dower, provided my Wife, according to her promise, sells her several Tracts of Land near Salisbury plains, and apply the said money to the discharge of my Debts due at the time of my Death, but in case of her refusal then my will is that all my Household furniture be sold, and the whole amount to be applied towards the discharge of my Debts. Item I give and bequeath to my Daughter Sarah and the Heirs of her body, lawfully begotten forever, after my Just debts are discharged, all my real and personal Estate in Virginia, and the province of Maryland not otherwise disposed of. But in case it should please God my said Daughter, should die without issue, it is then my will and desire my Estate both real and personal be disposed of in the following manner;
First, I give and bequeath to my loveing Brother Augustine Washington and his Heirs forever, all my Stock, Interest and Estate in the Principio, Accokeek, Kingsbury, Lancashire, and No East Iron Works in Virginia and Maryland, reserving onethird of the profits of said works, to be paid to my Wife, as hereafter mentioned, and Two tracts of Land, lying and being in Frederick County which I purchased of Colo. Cresap and Gerrard Pendergrass. Second, I give and bequeath unto my loving brother George Washington, and his Heirs forever, after the decease of my wife, all my lands in Fairfax County, with the improvements thereon and further it is my will and desire that during the natural life of my wife, that my said Brother George shall have the use of an equal Share, and proportion of all the Lands hereafter given and devised unto my brothers Samuel, John and Charles. Third, I give and bequeath all those several Tracts of Lands which I am possessed of and claim in the County of Frederick (except the Tract on the south fork of Bull skin, bequeathed to my Wife, and the two Tracts purchased of Colo. Cresap and Gerrard Pendergrass, devised unto my Brother Augustine) unto my Brothers Samuel, John and Charles, reserving as obove an equal proportion for my Brother George, provided they, Samuel, John or Charles pay or cause to be paid unto my and their sister Betty Lewis, the sum of one hundred and fifty pounds. Fourth, my Will also is that upon the death of any, or all of my said Brothers, George, Samuel, John and Charles, dying without lawful issue, such Lands as was given them or any of them, in case of my said Daughters demise as aforesaid, to become the property and Right of my Brother Augustine and his Heirs. Fifth, my further will and desire is, that after the demise of my said wife the Negro Woman, Moll and her increase be given unto my said Brother Augustine, his Heirs, adm’ors &c and likewise give him an equal proportion with his other Brothers, of the other part of the Negroes, and personal Estate, upon their paying my said Wife One hundred pounds Sterling my intent and meaning is that the said one hundred pounds sterling be paid by my said Brothers to my said wife immediately, or soon after, it may please God to remove by death my said Daughter.
Item, I further give and bequeath unto my loveing wife, during her natural life one full third part of the profits from the share I hold in all the several Iron Works, both in the Colony of Virginia and Maryland, to be paid unto my said Wife from time to time by my Executors, immediately upon notice given them by the partners, residing in England, of the annual amount of the profits, to be paid either in Bills or Cash, at the current Exchange as she shall choose.
Item, I give unto my brother John Washington, Fifty pounds in lieu of the Land taken from him by a suit at Law by Capt. Maxinr. Robinson, after my debts are paid. Item, my will and desire is that my two Tracts of Land, one Joining my wife’s Tract, near Salisbury plain, the other on a branch of Goose Creek, being three Hundred and three Acres, my Two Lots in the Town of Alexandria with the edifices thereon, and my share and Interest in the Ohio Company, all be sold by my Executors, and the money applied towards discharging my debts, also my arrears of half pay, which Colo. Wilson, the agent, or Mr. Stuart, his Kinsman and Clerk, be addressed for and the money applied to the same use. Item, whereas the purchasing Negroes and Land may greatly tend to the advantage of my Daughter, I therefore fully empower my Executors to lay out the profit of my Estate, or any part thereof in Lands, and Negroes at their discretion, i. e. I mean such part of the Estate as I have devised to my Daughter Sarah, which said several purchases, in case of her decease without Issue, shall be deemed and counted personal Estate, and be accordingly equally divided among my Brothers as above provided.
Item I also desire that my Just suit of complaint at Law, depending against Gersham Keys, of Frederick County for breach of Trust, be effectually prosecuted by my Executors.
Item, it is furthermore my will and desire that all my Estate be kept together till the debts are discharged.
Item I give to my wife, my Mother in Law, and each of my Executors, a mourning ring;
Lastly, I constitute and appoint the Honbl. William Fairfax and George Fairfax, Esqr., my said Brothers, Augustine and George Washington, and my esteemed Friends, Mr. Nathaniel Chapman and Majr. John Carlyle, Executors of this my last will and Testament. Whereof I have hereunto set my Hand and Seale, this twentieth day of June, one Thousand Seven Hundred and fifty two, in the 26th. year of his Majesty King George the second’s Reign.
Signed, sealed & published
in the presence of us
Andrew W. Warren,
At a Court held for Fairfax County September the 26th. 1752, This Last Will and Testament of Lawrence Washington Gent. deced. was presented in Court by the Honbl. William Fairfax, and George William Fairfax, Esqr. John Carlyle and George Washington, Gentn. four of the Executors therein named who made oath thereto according to Law, and being proved by the oaths of William Waite, John North and Andrew Warren, three of the Witnesses, is admitted to Record, and the said Executors, performing what is usual in such cases, certificate is granted them, for obtaining a probate in due form.
- 129.Augustine Washington (Augustine111 , Lawrence104 , John88 , Lawrence61 , Lawrence34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ), was educated at Appleby, England, and intended to study law; returned to Virginia in 1742, and assumed charge of the iron works. Married Anne Aylett; died at Wakefield, 12 April, 1743. Issue:
- 157.William, married, 1780, Jane Washington, daughter of John Augustine Washington, and died about 1792.
- 158.Anne, married Burdet Ashton, of Westmoreland.
- 159.Elizabeth, married Alexander Spotswood, of Spotsylvania.— other children, who died young.
- 132.Samuel Washington (Augustine111 , Lawrence104 , John88 , Lawrence61 , Lawrence34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ), born 16 November, 1734, and married five times, By his first wife, Jane Champe, he had no children. By his second, Mildred Thornton, daughter of Colonel John Thornton, he had:
- 160.Thornton, who was twice married, and left three sons.His third wife was Lucy, daughter of Nathaniel Chapman, who bore him no children. By a fourth wife, Anne, daughter of Colonel William Steptoe and widow of Willoughby Allerton, he had;
- 161.Ferdinand, married, and died without issue.
- 162.George Steptoe.
- 164.Harriet, married Andrew Parks.
His fifth wife was Susannah, the widow of — Perrin. He died, in 1781, at Harewood, Berkeley County.
- 133.John Augustine Washington (Augustine111 , Lawrence104 , John88 , Lawrence61 , Lawrence34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ), born 13 January, 1736. Married Hannah, daughter of Colonel John Bushrod, of Westmoreland County.Issue:
- 165.Jane, married William Washington (157). She died in 1791, leaving four children.
- 166.Bushrod, married in 1783 Anne, daughter of Colonel Thomas Blackburn, of Prince William County. Died without issue.
- 167.Corbin, married Hannah, daughter of Richard Henry Lee.
- 168.Mildred, married Thomas Lee.
John Augustine Washington died at Nomony, Westmoreland County, in February, 1787.
- 134.Charles Washington (Augustine111 , Lawrence104 , John88 , Lawrence61 , Lawrence34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ), born 2 May, 1738. Married Mildred, daughter of Colonel Francis Thornton of Spotsylvania, by whom he had issue:
- 169.George Augustine, married Frances, daughter of Col. Burwell Bassett, of New Kent, by whom he had three surviving children:
- i. George Fayette.
- ii. Charles Augustin.
- iii. Anna Maria.
- 170.Samuel, married Dorothea —.
- 171.Frances, married Col. Burges Ball.
- 172.Mildred, married — Hammond.
- 137.John Washington (Henry116 , John105 , John88 , Lawrence61 , Lawrence34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ) married CatherineWashington (142); member of the King George Committee of Safety, 1774-5, and of the House of Delegates in 1780. Issue:
- 138.Baily Washington (Henry116 , John105 , John88 , Lawrence61 , Lawrence34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ) of “Stafford County, gent.”; married Catherine Storke.
- 184.William, born 28 February, 1752; married, 1782, Jane Riley Elliott; died in South Carolina, 6 March, 1810.
- 185.Baily, born 12 December, 1754; married Euphan Wallace.
- 186.John, born 25 May, 1756.
- 187.Elizabeth, born 16 March, 1758.
- 188.Mary Butler, married Valentine Peyton.
- 139.Robert Washington (Townsend119 , John108 , Lawrence89 , Lawrence61 , Lawrence34 , Robert19 , Lawrence12 , John4 , Robert3 , John1 ), born at Green Hill, 25 June, 1729; married Alice Strother. Issue:
- 189.Lund, married Susanna Monroe Grayson.
- 190.Ann, married William Thompson, of Col chester.
- 191. — married Hayward Foote.
See Vol. XIII., 444.
Washington to Sir Isaac Heard, 2 May, 1792. The letter is printed in Sparks, Writings of Washington, i., 546.
In the Visitation of Yorkshire, 1563 and 1564 (Harleian Society), William Mallory, of Stodley, married Dyonis, daughter and heir of Sir William Tempest, Knight, by Eleanor, daughter and heiress of Sir William de Weshington. See Welles, Pedigree and History of the Washington Family, p. 41. This is a work which can be accepted only where its statements are confirmed from other sources.
Sparks, Writings of Washington, i., 539.
An Attempt towards Recovering an Account of the Numbers and Sufferings of the Clergy of the Church of England, who were Sequestered, Harassed, &c., in the Grand Rebellion, London, 1714. A copy with MS. additions by the author is in the Bodleian Library. Dr. Edmund Calamy, in 1719, published The Church and the Dissenters Compared as to Persecution in some Remarks on Dr. Walker’s Attempt, &c.
It was Mr. William H. Whitmore who first pointed out the probable error in Colonel Chester’s construction of Walker’s language.—New England Historical and Genealogical Register, October, 1889, 395.
Waters, 8. I use the pamphlet edition of Mr. Waters’ essay. It may be found in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, October, 1889, 379. Sir Isaac Heard knew of these letters.
The document is printed in full in Waters, 9.
Waters, 14, 15.
Heard and Baker, followed by Sparks, give Whitfield, in co. Lancaster. I am unable to trace any place of that name in Lancaster County. Whitfield, in Northampton, was once owned by Thomas Lancaster. There are Whitfields also in Derby, Gloucester, Kent, and Northumberland.
Lawrence Washington, besides the lands in Stotesbury, of which he was the grantee, died seized of certain other lands, and of the advowson of the rectory there, late purchased of Sir John Williams, of Thame, Oxfordshire, and Anthony Stringer, Esq. His grandson, Lawrence Washington, Esq., sold these lands and rectory in Feby., 1613-14, to Fulk Botry, Esq., of Marston St. Lawrence, who in 1624 conveyed them to Paul Risley, Esq., and he in 1628, to William, Lord Spencer, of whom they were purchased in 1632 by Peter Whitcombe, Esq. and Thomas Palmer, Esq. who with Sir John Tirrell, of Springfield, Essex. Bart., and Dame Martha his wife, daughter of sir Lawrence Washington, conveyed them in 1646. to Wm. Jesson, gent.
His will is printed in New England Historical and Genealogical Register, January, 1891.
New England Historical and Genealogical Register, July, 1890.
Idem., p. 302.
This may have been Lawrence Washington, junior, presented to the living of Stotesbury (Northampton) by Lawrence Washington, senior, 16 May, 1559. (See Bridge’s Hist. of Northamptonshire, i., 203.)—Note by Mr. Waters.
The Duke of Manchester holds a paper dated Nov. 4, 30 Henry VIII, being “an exemplification of an order of the Chancellor and Council of the Court of Augmentations (dated Sept. 2, 30 Henry VIII) for payment to Lawrence Wasshyngton, executor of the will of William Bonde, of Northampton, fishmonger, of 100 l., being part of a sum for which the late monastery of St. Andrew’s, Northampton, had given bonds to the said William.” Attached to it is Wasshyngton’s receipt. Historical Manuscripts Commission, Eighth Report, Appendix, Part ii., 26.
From Waters, English Ancestry of George Washington, p. 24.
Waters, 26, prints the will of “Christopher Lighte of Horley, in the co. of Oxon, gentleman,” proved 29 October, 1584. Mentions his “cosen Robert Washington of Sowlgrave.” Sir John Spencer, of Oldthroppe, Northampton, left to Elizabeth Washington by his will (proved 11 January, 1599, the sum of twenty pounds, “in regard to her pains about me in my sickness.”
New England Historical and Genealogical Register, April, 1890, p. 197.
Waters, 27, 28.
Calendar of State Papers, Domestic.
Conway Robinson, in New England Historical and Genealogical Register, January, 1890.
Among the MSS. preserved at the Bridgewater Trust Office, Walkden, Lancashire, are: copy of a grant of the office of Registrar of the Court of Chancery to Lawrence Washington, 26 March, 35 Eliz. (1593); with a warrant for the apprehension of John Saunders, signed by the same L. Washington, 28 July, 1595; and a letter without date from him (“La. Washingto.”), and three others to the Countess of Derby about the Brackley Woods.—Historical Manuscripts Commission, Eleventh Report, Appendix, Part vii., p. 130.
Waters, p. 39. Mr. Waters also prints a Funeral Certificate of Lawrence Washington, 1619.
“Laurentius Washington—Mense Januarii, 1616. Decimo nono die emanavit Com̃issio Margarete Washington relc̃e Laurentii Washington nuper de Wickamon in Com. Northampton dex heñtis &c.”—New England Historical and Genealogical Register, July, 1890, p. 302.
Howells, Familiar Letters on Important Subjects, Wrote from the Year 1628 to 1650. A poem in memory of Thomas Washington is printed in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, January, 1891, p. 63.
“The pedigree of Mewce of Holdenby may be found in the Visitation of Northamptonshire, 1618-19; by which it appears that Mr. Francis Mewce was eldest son of Nicholas Mewce by Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund Morant of London, and had brothers Edmund and Christopher, and sisters Alice, wife of Richard Ellis of London, Lucy, Marline and Katherine wife of [Humphrey] Hawley of London.” The will of Richard Ellies, citizen and haberdasher of London, proved 26 August, 1625, mentioned “Sister Washington and god daughter Anne Washington.”—Waters, 33. Simpkinson says that Francis Mewce apparently held some office in the king’s household at Holdenby.
Waters, 32, 33.
Waters, 30, 31.
Waters, 29, 30.
New England Historical and Genealogical Register, October, 1890.
Waters, 28, 29.
Simpkinson, The Washingtons, lxxxvi.
By courtesy of the Grolier Club.
New England Historical and Genealogical Register, January, 1892, 48.
The will of Sir Justinian Lewyn, proved 11 July, 1620, is summarized in Waters, p. 40. “A hundred pounds to his sister Washington, fifty pounds to his sister Padgett, a hundred pounds to his sister Isam [Isham].”
New England Historical and Genealogical Register, July, 1890.
Nephew and heir-apparent of Sir John Tyrell, of Heron.
Wright, Essex, ii., 444.
The waste was committed on the house at Heron, and the timber in Essex.
New England Historical and Genealogical Register, July, 1890, p. 306.
New England Historical and Genealogical Register, July, 1890, 305.
The Calendar of State Papers prints a letter from A. W. to the Duke of Buckingham, which it is conjectured was from Anne Washington. “The order which the Duke gave to Mr. Fotherley for the discharge of her husband’s liabilities remains unperformed. He is now arrested. The relief from the creation of a knight was wholly swallowed up in payment of arrears left by Lord Purbeck. Assures herself that the Duke will no sooner understand this sad story than give them redress.”
Two of the children, Col. Chester found, were baptized at Leckhamstead, co. Bucks.—Waters.
Date of license. She was then about twenty-two, making her date of birth about 1619. But her tombstone made her 76 at the time of her death—placing her birth in 1612.
Historical Manuscripts Commission, xi., Appendix, Part v. In a letter from Col. Ed. Cooke to William Legge, 10 January, 1622-23, he sends humble service to Legge’s lady, “his brother and sister Graham, Harry [Col. Henry] Washington, Dick Lane, and all bedchamber backstairs friends.” Legge held the office of groom of the bedchamber to the King.
The will is printed in New England Historical and Genealogical Register, “This Reginald Graham was a citizen and draper of London, and belonged, I believe, to the Royalist family of Graham of Esk and Netherby, in co. Cumberland. He purchased, 23 May, 1640, of John Ramsay, Esq., the Lordship and Manor of Lewisham for £1500, and by deed dated 30 May, 1673, conveyed it to George Legge, afterwards Baron Dartmouth.”—Waters, 37.
In chancel of the church at Lewisham.—Waters, 36.
Catherine Curtis of Islipp in the Co. of Northampton, “gent.” 6 December, 1622, proved 17 June, 1626. My body to be buried in the church of Islipp. To Mordant Washington, my godson and grandchild, the sum of fifty pounds to be employed and laid out for his best benefit and to be paid unto him, with a true account of the profits and gain thereof, when he shall come to the age of twenty and one years, and if he depart this life before his age of one and twenty years then my executor shall pay the aforesaid sum, with all profits by it made, unto the next child of my natural daughter Mary Washington when it shall come to the age of twenty and one years, whether the said child be a son or a daughter. . . . I give unto my natural daughter Mary Washington, the sum of thirty pounds. . . .—Hele, 92. New England Historical and Genealogical Register, January, 1892.—Waters.
Her children are mentioned in the will of Mrs. Mewce, p. 347.
Waters, 31. Mr. Waters also prints the will of Francis Pargiter, of London, merchant, a brother of Dame Dorothy. It contains no bequests to any of the Washingtons. A letter of another brother, Theodore Pargiter is printed in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, October, 1884, making mention of John Washington, then in Barbadoes.
Richard Anderson purchased the manor of Pendley, which lay partly in the parish of Tring, was knighted in 7 Jac. I., and married Mary, daughter of Robert, Lord Spencer, owner of the manor of Althorp in Northampton, and “the great friend of the Washingtons of Sulgrave and Brington.” In his will, proved 27 August, 1632, Sir Richard gave to “my cousin Larance Washington of Brasenose and to Mr. Dagnall of Pembrook College, to each of them forty shillings.”—Waters, 16.
Col. Chester’s Preliminary Investigation, 1866.
Aunt of Warham Horsmanden, in 1657-8 a member of the Governor’s Council in Virginia. E. D. O’Neill, Virginia Carolorum.
Waters, 18, where he quotes from the Letters and Papers of the Verney Family, down to the end of the year 1639. (Camden Society.) The connection of the Verneys with Tring is ably described by Mr. Waters but need not be given here. The Memoirs of the Verney Family in the Civil War have just been published by Lady Verney, but throw no light upon the Roades connection.
Conway, Harper’s Monthly Magazine, May, 1891.
This discovery was made by Miss Emma M. Walford, of London. These paragraphs are based upon two letters from Mr. W. H. Whitmore, published in the Nation (N. Y.), 8 October and 5 November, 1891.
See Mr. Waters’ letter in The Nation, 22 December, 1892.
New England Historical and Genealogical Register, July, 1890.
His will is printed in New England Historical and Genealogical Register, January, 1892.
The third daughter of William Guise, of Elmore, was Frances Codrington.
New England Historical and Genealogical Register, July, 1890.
Calendar Treasury Papers, 1557-1696.
Waters, 35. Mr. Waters received this will from the Rev. T. P. Wadley, Naunton Rectory, Pershore.
Register of Westminster Abbey, 14.
Nash, History of Worcestershire, ii., 223.
Grazebrook, Heraldry of Worcestershire.
New England Historical and Genealogical Register, January, 1891.
New York Evening Post, 31 August, 1891.
This practice of making a human sacrifice to appease a storm was not uncommon in the days when belief in witchcraft was entertained.
Historical Magazine, i., 65. In Ann Cotton’s account of Bacon’s Rebellion, she wrote to Mr. C. H. of Yardly, in Northamptonshire, of “one Colonel Washington, him whom you have sometimes seen at your house.” Force, Historical Tracts, i. This reference is of interest as giving a clue to the locality in England of the Washingtons. Lodge, Life of Washington, i., 31.
Three or four words illegible. Dr. Toner fills in “hereinafter named.”
The patent was issued by Thos. Culpeper, 1 March, 1674, and conveyed to Col. Nicholas Spencer and Lieut.-Col. John Washington, “five thousand acres of land scituate Lying and being within the said terrytory in the County of Stafford in the ffreshes of Pottomooke River and neere oppositt to Piscatoway Indian Towne in Mariland and neere the Land of Capt. Giles on the North side, and neere the Land surveyed for Mr. Wm. Grein Mr. Wm. Dudley and others on the south side; being a necke of Land bounded betwixt two Creeks and the Maine River, on the East p’te by the said Main River of Pottomooke, on the North p’te by a Creeke Called by the English Little Hunting Creeke and the maine Branch thereof on the south p’te by a Creeke named and Called by the Indians Epsewasson Creeke and the maine Branch thereof which Creeke devides this Land of Gren and Dudley and others on the west p’te by a right Lyne drawn from the Branches of the aforesaid Epsewasson and Little Hunting Creeke.”
In the Virginia State Land Registry, No. 6, p. 615, is recorded a grant to Lt.-Col. John Washington, of 5,000 acres in Stafford County, 1677.
Nicholas Spencer survived Washington, and served in the Governor’s Council after 1680 as President, and also as Secretary of the Colony in 1683. Mr. Hayden tells me he was a justice in Westmoreland County in 1699, and married Miss Mottrom, daughter of John Mottrom.
Nicholas Spencer devised his moiety of this tract to his son Francis Spencer and his heirs forever. Capt. Lawrence Washington was one of the feoffees in trust under Spencer’s will, dated 25 April, 1688, and received forty shillings for a mourning ring.—Henry F. Waters’ Gleanings.
Perhaps the 300 acres in Northumberland County, granted to Major John Washington, 1 June, 1664.—Virginia State Land Registry, No. 5, p. 49.
In the Virginia State Land Registry, No. 6, p. 60, is recorded a grant of 700 acres in Stafford County, to Lawrence Washington and Robert Richards, 27 September, 1667.
A tract of this size was granted, 4 September, 1661, to Major John Washington and Thomas Pope. It lay in Westmoreland County.—Virginia State Land Registry, No. 5, p. 54.
From The Nation, 18 December, 1890.
See Hayden’s Virginia Genealogies.
Ford, Wills of George Washington and his Immediate Ancestors.
Welles, Pedigree and History of the Washington Family.
A MS. table by Sir Isaac Heard makes Gregory and Willis her second and third husbands. The first husband is named — Lewis.
J. C. C. Smith, in the Genealogist, vii., 1, 2.
John Lewis married a sister of Mrs. Washington—Elizabeth Warner.
This Liston tract was Wakefield, the birthplace of George Washington. A very careful survey of this place was issued by the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey in 1879.
The Mount Vernon tract. Roger and Mildred Gregory gave a release, 17 May, 1726, to Augustine Washington, for 2500 acres of the Mount Vernon tract, and 18 October, 1726, a lease and release for the land was executed.
Mary’s sister married Francis Dade, and their son, Cadwallader, was one of the executors of Henry Washington’s will, post. I have taken these facts from Hayden’s Virginia Genealogies.
Mrs. Hayward, whose will is printed ante, p. 374.
In 1744 John Washington wrote to Cary and Co., of London, giving instructions “for a tombstone with the arms.”
Ball, The Maternal Ancestry and Nearest of Kin of Washington.
Two hundred and eighty acres, purchased by Augustine Washington of Margaret Grant, Executrix of William Strother, 3 November, 1738.—Conway.
A tract of land, “containing five hundred and thirty-three acres, more or less, called and known by the name of Chotank,” was devised by will (1698) of John Withers to his daughter Sarah, during her life, and, after her decease, to his cousin William Withers, and the heirs male of his body. In default of such heirs, the land was to go to Thomas Withers, of Lancaster, in Great Britain, and his heir male. William never married, and Thomas, dying in England, the land went to his eldest son Edmund Withers, and at his death passed to his brother William. By his death the title became vested in his son Thomas, who died leaving a son William. In the meantime Sarah had lived upon the place, married Christopher Conoway, and, after his death, conveyed the land to Augustine Washington (12 June, 1727). By his will he left it to his son Samuel, but apparently doubted his complete title, for he provides an equivalent in case the land was not yielded to Samuel. William Withers did dispute the title, and Augustine paid him £600 current money of the colony to quiet Withers’ claim, and the Assembly by special act gave a full possession to Samuel and his heirs.—Hening’s Statutes, vi., 513.
By a lease dated 30 July, 1708, Francis Spencer leased to William Harrison 200 acres of land on Dogue River. William Spencer in 1739 gave a release to Lawrence Washington for 200 acres of land in Prince William County; and in 1739 a similar release was given for land in the same county by George Harrison.
These shares were in the Principio Company, composed of English iron-masters and capitalists, which opened works in Maryland in 1715, and existed for more than sixty years. After establishing the Maryland works, the company were negotiating the purchase of some of Augustine Washington’s land in Virginia; and in 1725 a furnace at Accokeek, in King George County fourteen miles from Fredericksburg, was located. Augustine’s connection with the company probably dates from this purchase, and he doubtless received a share in the undertaking, a contract for raising the ore and carting it to the furnace, and probably a bonus mentioned in the following letter: “As to ye deviding of ye shares of ye new founded works in Virginia, have advised with a Counselor about it . . . who tells me yt. except some persons here is appointed yr. lawful aturney, by a power of atturney from you to signe for you here, yt. if your deed or deeds come over for you to signe in England and either of you should dy before, or alter your minds yt. you dont sign, than it setts Washington at liberty and all ye. work is at an end. . . . But think a twelfth too small for myselfe in this concerne . . . If you see fitt to make Capt. Washington a small present of wine (along ye. Virginia Cargo) and to signifie to him yt. what I have done with him on yr. behalf you like and approve on, or to that effect, yt. I leave to your Consideration either to do it or not.”—Letter of John England, 5 January, 1725. Some twenty-five years after (1753) the supply of ore at Accokeek failed, “the movable effects were distributed among the other works, slaves and store-goods, horses, cattle, and wagons were sold, and the business in Virginia, as far as related to iron-making was gradually closed up, some of the real estate being sold in 1767.” At the death of Augustine, his share went to Lawrence, who also appears to have occupied a prominent position in its affairs, for he signed on behalf of the company the important purchase of the Lancashire furnace (1751). England’s letter indicated a division of the company’s capital into twelve shares, and Augustine must have received one undivided share. In 1780, when the property of the company had been confiscated as British possession, it was represented that a “certain Mr. Washington, a subject of the State of Virginia, is entitled to one undivided twelfth part thereof”—showing the share still intact. These facts are given in a series of articles by Mr. Henry Whitely, on the Principio Company, printed in the Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, 1887.
From Hayden, Virginia Genealogies.
Hayden, Virginia Genealogies.
Hayden, Virginia Genealogies.
Hayden, Virginia Genealogies.
My special thanks are due to Mr. William H. Whitmore of Boston, and the Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden, of Wilkesbarre, for suggestions on these pages.