Front Page Titles (by Subject) Carpenter's Physiology JANUARY 1842 - The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, Volume XXXI - Miscellaneous Writings
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Carpenter’s Physiology JANUARY 1842 - John Stuart Mill, The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, Volume XXXI - Miscellaneous Writings 
The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, Volume XXXI - Miscellaneous Writings, ed. John M. Robson (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1989).
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Westminster Review, XXXVII (Jan. 1842), 254. Headed with the title of the book reviewed: “Principles of General and Comparative Physiology, intended as an Introduction to the study of Human Physiology, and as a guide to the Philosophical pursuit of Natural History, by William B. Carpenter, M.D., Lecturer on Physiology in the Bristol Medical School, etc. Second Edition, 1841. [London:] Churchill.” In the “Miscellaneous Notices” section. Signed “S.” Not republished. Identified in Mill’s bibliography as “A short notice of Dr. Carpenter’s Principles of General and Comparative Physiology, in the Westminster Review for January 1842”
(MacMinn, p. 54).
this is a book to which justice cannot be done without a much fuller notice than can be given in this part of our journal, and we shall probably return to it in a future number. The author (who is the son of the late respected Dr. Lant Carpenter, of Bristol, and who, though still a young man, has long been known as a physiologist of eminence)1 has not only accumulated in this work a richer store of the mere facts of the science than we believe is to be obtained in the same compass elsewhere, but has displayed in an eminent degree one of the principal attributes of a philosopher, as distinguished from a mere man of science, the power of generalizing. To the experienced reader, it is already some indication of this quality, that Dr. Carpenter includes in his design the physiology of plants as well as of animals, the best physiologists being now convinced that so far as respects mere organic life, the formation, nutrition, and reproduction of the living body (independently of the superadded casualties of sensation and voluntary motion), there is no fundamental distinction between the animal and vegetable creation, but both are governed by essentially the same organic laws, variously modified by circumstances.
In Dr. Carpenter’s book this and a large body of similar truths are established and illustrated with a very uncommon degree of philosophic power, and the work may be considered as a clear exposition of the highest generalities yet arrived at in the science of life. As such breadth of speculation and reach of philosophy, applied to this subject, have not hitherto been often exemplified in this country, English writers having remained greatly inferior in this highest scientific attribute to the physiologists of France and Germany, it is highly creditable to our scientific and medical public that Dr. Carpenter’s work has been warmly welcomed and highly applauded by almost all the professional periodicals,2 and by most of those scientific authorities whose praise confers real honour.
[1 ]William Benjamin Carpenter (1813-85) was the son of Lant Carpenter (1780-1840), a Unitarian preacher, polemicist, and schoolmaster.
[2 ]See, e.g., the anonymous reviews in the British and Foreign Medical Review, VII (Jan. 1830), 168-85, and the Medical Gazette, 2 Feb., 1839, 675-8.