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Plants Growing Wild in the District of Luxford’s Reigate FloraJUNE 1856 - John Stuart Mill, The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, Volume XXXI - Miscellaneous Writings 
The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, Volume XXXI - Miscellaneous Writings, ed. John M. Robson (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1989).
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Plants Growing Wild in the District of Luxford’s Reigate Flora
Phytologist, n.s. I (June 1856), 337-43. The heading continues, after the title above: “Omitted Both in That Work and in the Supplementary List by Mr. Holman, Published in the Old Series of the Phytologist in September, 1841.” Running title: “Reigate Flora.” The references are to Luxford’s A Flora of the Neighbourhood of Reigate, Surrey, Containing the Flowering Plants and Ferns (London: Van Voorst; Reigate: Allingham, 1838), and Henry Martin Holman, “Additions to Luxford’s Reigate Flora,” Phytologist, I (Sept. 1841), 1-4. Six errors presumably arising from the printer’s misreading of Mill’s hand were identified in the October number (see “Reigate Plants” below): “north-eastern” erroneously for “south-eastern” (269.29), “Maiden Park” for “Marden Park” (271.3), “rocks of Box Hill” for “roots of Box Hill” (271.6), “Woodbatch” for “Woodhatch” (271.9), “Wenham Mill” for “Wonham Mill” (271.29 and 273.33), and “Godbroke” for “Gadbroke” (272.42); these corrections are all made in the text below. Signed “J:S. Mill.” Not republished. For the identification in Mill’s bibliography, see “Observations on Isatis Tinctoria and Other Plants” above.
(the district extends from Leith Hill on the west, to Godstone and its neighbourhood on the east.)
Thalictrum flavum. By the Mole below Sidlow Bridge.
Ranunculus parviflorus. On the steepest part of Brockham Hill, in Elder thickets about half-way up the hill, abundantly.
Fumaria capreolata. Near Buckland, by the footpath leading to the chalk hills.
Nasturtium sylvestre. Most plentiful in the dry bed of the Mole, between Mickleham and Leatherhead, and in streams north of Leatherhead.
Barbarea praecox. By the road from Dorking to Capel, near the commencement of the Holmwood.
Arabis hirsuta. Juniper Hill, Mickleham Downs, Box Hill, and other parts of the chalk hills near Dorking. This plant is so characteristic of the Surrey Hills, that its not having been found in the immediate neighbourhood of Reigate is a curious anomaly.
Erysimum cheiranthoides. Copiously in a cultivated field near Doover’s Green, to the left of the Brighton road. By the Mole, near the footpath from Betchworth to Brockham. (This plant, common in the north-western half of the county, is rare in the south-eastern.)
Camelina sativa. Among wheat in the open upland fields between Ashtead and Leatherhead, in one spot, plentifully, 1849.
Spergula nodosa. On the grassy slope of Box Hill, plentifully.
Geranium pyrenaicum. About Leatherhead, Dorking, and Reigate, not unfrequent.
Petroselinum segetum. By the side of the Brighton road, on the ascent of Cockshot Hill, sparingly, 1845.
(Archangelica officinalis, banks of the Mole, near Brockham, I hesitate to insert, not having seen it there since 1824, and being unable to answer for my having correctly determined it at that distant date.)
Caucalis daucoides. In a cornfield adjoining Norbury Park, on the summit of the hill (1822).
Onopordon Acanthium. Merstham. This fine Thistle occurs in many other parts of the county, but I have not observed it elsewhere in the Reigate district.
Silybum marianum. Corner of Earlswood Common, near the church (1845), but possibly an outcast. This Thistle, being rather frequent in the adjoining parts of Kent, will probably be found permanently established somewhere in East Surrey.
Hypochaeris glabra. Sparingly on Reigate Heath, near the race-course (1849). One of the characteristic plants of the north-western district of Surrey.
Campanula Rapunculus. In a shady lane on Cockshot Hill, sparingly (1845).
Verbascum Lychnitis. Sparingly at the foot of the chalk-coomb near Quarry Farm. I have found this handsome Mullein nowhere else below the hills, though not uncommon above them, both in East Surrey and in West Kent.
Mentha rotundifolia. Ashtead Park.
Melissa officinalis. Sparingly in Coldharbour Lane, Dorking (1849). This naturalized plant has now several authentic stations in Surrey. The only one known to me in which it is sufficiently abundant to hold out much promise of permanency, is a bank by the private road which connects the high-road from Kingston to Leatherhead, with the church and village of Chessington.
Chenopodium rubrum (or urbicum?). By the road from Reigate to Dorking, near Betchworth; also near Nutfield.
Sagittaria sagittifolia. In the Mole at the foot of Box Hill.
Lemna polyrrhiza. Dorking mill-pond; and ditches in various places.
Potamogeton perfoliatus. In the Mole near Sidlow Bridge.
Potamogeton pusillus, β. major (compressus, Sm.). Ditch in the valley of Nutfield Marsh.
Luzula sylvatica. In the wood below Headley Church, towards Walton-on-the-hill.
Scirpus caespitosus. Earlswood Common.
Carex divulsa. Cockshot Hill and other places.
Carex pallescens. In long grass on the south side of the Merstham ponds (1849). This rich locality, unexplored at the time of the publication of Luxford’s Flora, contains Typha angustifolia (in the western pond), Epipactis palustris (in ditches adjoining), Astragalus Glycyphyllos (on the border of Warwick Wood), and Lathyrus sylvestris (clustering on the copse itself).
Carex binervis. Broadmoor (Leith Hill).
Carex vesicaria. In the Mole, at Sidlow Bridge.
(Carex axillaris has been found near the foot of Colley Hill by Mr. Hanson, of Reigate.)1
Avena fatua. Found near Littleton in 1845.
Koeleria cristata. Brockham Hill (1824). Not found (to my knowledge) since that time in the Reigate district; but grows abundantly above the hills, between Warlingham and the Woldingham and Marden Park district.
Catabrosa aquatica. Ditches at Leatherhead, near the great rise of clear water in the bed of the Mole.
Brachypodium pinnatum. About the roots of Box Hill; and copiously by the grassy side of the road from Epsom to Headley, between Hundred-acre Field and the great chalk-pit at Ashtead.
Triticum caninum. Hedges by the roadside between Woodhatch and Sidlow Bridge.
Equisetum sylvaticum. In the swampy wood below Coldharbour on the north side of the range (one of the finest Fern localities in Surrey, especially for Osmunda).
Equisetum palustre. Frequent in ponds and by wet roadsides. Its omission in Luxford’s Flora can only be accidental.
Chara vulgaris. In a clear pool by the footpath from Wray Common to the Merstham Road. On the top of the chalk-hills between Walton and Headley Heaths.
Chara flexilis. In the great rise of water at Leatherhead.
The following are omitted stations of Plants included in the Flora, or in Mr. Holman’s Supplementary List:—
Aquilegia vulgaris. On the summit of Box Hill, in the wood; and in other woods, as well as by the sides of fields, near Dorking.
Berberis vulgaris. Near the summit of either Reigate Hill or Colley Hill, in 1826 or 1827: not seen since that time.
Corydalis claviculata. About the base of Boar Hill, and in the swampy wood north of Coldharbour.
Cardamine amara. In the swamp at Whiggey; near Buckland; by the stream above Wonham Mill; and (sparingly) in various places near Dorking.
Thlaspi arvense. On the summit of Redstone Hill (1848).
Reseda Luteola. Along the foot of the chalk hills towards Godstone.
Viola palustris. In the swamp at Whiggey, copiously. At the lower extremity of Broadmoor, and in the ravine which descends from Leith Hill to Wotton.
Dianthus Armeria. In the vale of Mickleham.
Silene anglica. Border of a field, in the bottom intervening between Walton and Headley Heaths.
Hypericum Androsaemum. Near the cascade of Fillbrook, in the grounds of Tillingbourne, at the foot of Leith Hill.
Hypericum Elodes. In a bog at Coldharbour, and in wet parts of Broadmoor.
Geranium Pratense. By the Mole near Mickleham, sparingly.
Radiola Millegrana. Abundant near the summit of Leith Hill.
Rhamnus cathartica. Box Hill, Mickleham Downs, and other places on the chalk hills.
Rhamnus Frangula. In the woody and bushy parts of Boar and Leith Hills.
Genista tinctoria. Found in 1822 near Dorking, on the side next Boar Hill; the exact place forgotten. This plant is rather abundant near the Godstone railway station, and being common in Kent, both above and below the hills, is likely to be found near Reigate; probably in the Weald.
Anthyllis Vulneraria. Chalk hills towards Godstone.
Lathyrus Nissolia. In a shaw near Doover’s Green, to the left of the high-road.
Lathyrus sylvestris. This very ornamental plant is not confined to Warwick Wood, but clothes the thickets and hangs in festoons at intervals along the base of the chalk hills nearly to Godstone.
Spiraea Filipendula. Abundant on Mickleham Downs, Box Hill, etc.
Tormentilla reptans. Holmwood.
Rubus Idaeus. Summit of Box Hill. Boar Hill.
Rosa rubiginosa. Box Hill. Mickleham Downs. Chalk hills towards Godstone.
Epilobium angustifolium. Boar Hill.
Sedum acre. In dry, bare places on the steep sides of Brockham Hill. Box Hill. Juniper Hill, and the intervening ravine.
Silaus pratensis. Plentiful in meadows near Dorking; Betchworth and Reigate.
Asperula cynanchica. Very common on the chalk hills near Dorking.
Valeriana dioica. Bog near the Mole at Brockham.
Erigeron acris. Lower slopes of Buckland Hill. Box Hill, copiously. Westhumble.
Gnaphalium sylvaticum, β (S. rectum). Betchworth Hill. Kingswood warren. Boar Hill woods.
Serratula tinctoria. Woods about Headley and Walton.
Phyteuma orbiculare. Mickleham Downs. In the great Ashtead chalk-pit, plentiful. On the ridge of the chalk hills between Merstham and Catherham in abundance.
Ligustrum vulgare. Box Hill. Leith Hill woods.
Vinca minor. Copiously, and certainly wild, in a hollow road on the south slope of Park Hill. I have this winter found it in an exactly similar situation (the steep side of a deep cutting in a sandy soil), about a mile from St. Mary Cray, on the road to Chelsfield, in Kent. I notice this circumstance as bearing on the question respecting the indigenousness of the plant.
Chlora perfoliata. Copiously on Box Hill, Buckland Hill, and the chalk hills near Quarry Farm, between Merstham and Godstone.
Menyanthes trifoliata. Bogs about Leith Hill.
Atropa Belladonna. Norbury Park; Brockham Hill; steep chalky side of Box Hill. Profusely about the roots of the hills near Quarry Farm.
Hyoscyamus niger. Lane between Brockham and Gadbroke.
Orobanche major. Summit of the hill named Dorking’s Glory (1823).
Antirrhinum Orontium. Frequent in the Weald.
Pedicularis palustris. Leith Hill.
Veronica montana. Woods about Boar and Leith Hills.
Salvia verbenaca. Near Leatherhead.
Scutellaria minor. Abundant on Leith Hill.
Nepeta Cataria. Sidlow Bridge. Road to Buckland.
Ajuga Chamaepitys. Brockham Hill, and between Leatherhead and Headley.
Anagallis tenella. Leith Hill abundantly.
Littorella lacustris. New Pond on Earlswood Common.
Euphorbia stricta. By the Mole near Betchworth Park Mill, sparingly (1845). Fields near Woolver Farm, in the Weald. Field adjoining Earlswood Common. Field at the foot of Boar Hill, near Coldharbour Lane. I have some difficulty in believing the identity of this plant with the hairy Euphorbia platyphylla.
Orchis Morio. Meadows about Headley, Mickleham, and Reigate occasionally.
Aceras anthropophora. Profusely on Colley and Buckland Hills, and between Box Hill and Juniper Hill.
Ophrys apifera. Copiously in the same localities as the last, and on the lower slopes of the hills near Quarry Farm.
Ophrys muscifera. Same localities, and chalk hills near Godstone.
Epipactis latifolia. Copse to the right of the Merstham Road, beyond Wray Common. Box Hill.
Epipactis purpurata. Grove near Merstham Church, sparingly.
Allium ursinum. Woods of Marden Park most profusely.
Actinocarpus Damasonium. Ponds on Headley and Walton Heaths in abundance.
Butomus umbellatus. In the Mill-pond at Dorking; and in the bed of the Mole between Mickleham and Leatherhead, abundant.
Triglochin palustre. In ditches near the rise of water at Leatherhead.
Lemna trisulca. Pool in a dense thicket a little beyond the Merstham ponds.
Lemna gibba. In Dorking Mill-pond so abundantly as to be piled up in heaps on the edge.
Scirpus setaceus. Earlswood Common. Ravines of Leith Hill.
Carex paniculata. In boggy shaws at Wonham Mill.
Carex stellulata. Leith Hill.
Carex flava. Broadmoor.
Carex pendula. Boggy wood between Reigate Heath and the Buckland Road. Most abundant at the foot of the chalk hills near Oxted.
Carex Pseudo-cyperus. In the pond of Gatton Park (1826 or 1827).
Triodia decumbens. Reigate Heath. Broadmoor. Abundant on the summit of Leith Hill.
Molinia caerulea. Broadmoor.
Nardus stricta. Leith Hill.
Equisetum fluviatile. Profusely by the Merstham Road and in Gatton Park.
Lastrea Oreopteris. Leith Hill, copiously; and about the roots of Boar Hill towards Coldharbour Lane.
Polystichum aculeatum and angulare. Lanes in the valley of Nutfield Marsh. In the swampy wood north of Coldharbour, already mentioned.
Athyrium Filix-foemina. Leith Hill, abundantly. Reigate Heath. Thicket near Littleton. Hedges by the Buckland Road. Swampy wood north of Coldharbour.
Asplenium Trichomanes. On trunks of trees near Betchworth.
Blechnum boreale. Leith Hill, Boar Hill, etc., copiously.
Osmunda regalis. Foot of Boar Hill (north side). In the swampy wood north of Coldharbour, forming large and tall thickets visible at a great distance.
[1 ]Not otherwise identified, though a William Hanson had earlier contributed to the Phytologist.